A Grammar of Proto-Germanic

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Winfred P. Lehmann

Jonathan Slocum, ed.


(Editor's Note: The author's original bibliography contained errors and was very much incomplete, especially with respect to the sources of [mostly Germanic] texts quoted or referred to in the book. This editor is in the process of reconstructing the bibliography, attempting to (a) correct the existing entries, (b) supply missing entries and, separately, (c) identify the sources for texts. This page includes such reconstructed content as is currently available; it will be updated, pending future developments. Text sources are cited in a separate appendix [B] as they are identified. The author's introduction, and his bibliography as amended & extended, follows.)

As might be expected of attention to Germanic in the country central to Indo-European linguistics in the 19th and 20th centuries, the German bibliography is enormous; it can be accessed through bibliographical journals like those of the Indogermanische Gesellschaft or the Modern Language Association, as well as in the International Linguistic Bibliography. Early linguistic attention was devoted to phonology and morphology, to the exclusion of most other aspects. Of the four prominent works on Proto-Germanic itself, namely those by Hirt, Kluge, Prokosch, and Streitberg, only Hirt deals with syntax. In addition to these we list, here, only major or distinctive works on the grammar in addition to source cited in the text.

Antonsen, Elmer H. 1975. A Concise Grammar of the Older Runic Inscriptions. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

- - - 2002. Runes and Germanic Linguistics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. With copious bibliography.

Austin, William M. 1946. "A Corollary to the Germanic Verschärfung." Language 22:109-111.

Behaghel, Otto, and Burkhard Taeger, eds. 1984. Heliand und Genesis, 9th ed. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

Benediktsson, Jakob. 1968. Íslendingabók. Landnámabók. Reykjavík: Íslenzka Fornritafélag.

Benveniste, Emile. 1935. Origines de la formation des noms en Indo-Européen. Paris: Adrian-Maisonneuve.

Braune, Wilhelm, and Ernst E. Ebbinghaus. 1981. Gotische Grammatik. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

Braune, Wilhelm, and Hans Eggers. 1987. Althochdeutsche Grammatik. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

Brugmann, Karl. 1897-1916, 2nd ed. Grundriß der vergleichenden Grammatik der indogermanischen Sprachen. Vergleichende Laut-, Stammbildungs- und Flexionslehre. Berlin: de Gruyter.

Brunner, Karl. 1965. Altenglische Grammatik. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

Buck, Carl D. 1949. A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Caesar, Julius. The Gallic War. Trans. by H.J. Edwards. 1917. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.

Carr, Charles T. 1939. Nominal Compounds in Germanic. London: Oxford University Press.

Delbrück, Berthold. 1897. Grundriß der vergleichenden Grammatik der indogermanischen Sprachen, Vol. 4 (with Karl Brugmann). Strassburg: Trübner.

Demuth, Katherine et al. 1986. "Niger-Congo Noun Class and Agreement Systems," in Language Acquisition and Historical Change; pp. 453-481 in Noun Classes and Categorization, ed. Colette Craig. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Demuth, Katherine. 2000. ???

Erdmann, Oskar, and Ludwig Wolff, eds. 1957. Otfrids Evangelienbuch, 3rd ed. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

Friedrich, Paul. 1970. Proto-Indo-European Trees. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Gordon, Eric V. 1971. An Introduction to Old Norse, 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon.

Gradon, P. O. E., ed. 1977. Cynewulf's Elene. Exeter: University Press.

Grassmann, Hermann. 1863. Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung auf dem Gebiete des Deutschen, Griechischen und Lateinischen. ???

Grimm, Jacob. 1878-1898 (repr.). Deutsche Grammatik I-IV. Gütersloh: Bertelsmann.

Haugen, Einar. 1950. First Grammatical Treatise. Baltimore: Linguistic Society of America. 2nd revised ed. 1972. London: Longman.

Herodotus. I-IV. 1920. Trans. by A.D. Godley. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.

Heusler, Andreas. 1920. Altisländisches Elementarbuch, 4th ed. Heidelberg: Winter.

Hirt, Hermann. 1931-34. Handbuch des Urgermanischen, vols. I-III. Heidelberg: Winter.

- - - 1921-1937. Indogermanische Grammatik, vols. I-VII. Heidelberg: Winter.

Ivanov, Vyacheslav. 1999. "Names for 'horse' in Hurrian, Northern Caucasian and Indo-European." UCLA Indo-European Studies I:167-214.

Jóhannsson, Jón. 1956. Íslendingasaga. Reykjavík: Almenna Bókafélagið.

Klaeber, Friedrich. 1950. Beowulf and the Fight at Finnsburg, 3rd ed. Boston: Heath.

Klimov, Georgij A. 1983. "On Contentive Typology." Lingua e Stile 18:327-341.

Kluge, Friedrich. 1913. Urgermanisch. Vorgeschichte der altgermanischen Dialekte, 3rd ed. Strassburg: Trübner.

- - - 1926. Nominale Stammbildungslehre der altgermanischen Dialekte, 3rd ed. Halle: Niemeyer.

Krause, Wolfgang. 1966. Die Runeninschriften im älteren Futhark, 1-2. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Kurylowicz, Jerzy. 1927. ???

Lehmann, Ruth P.M. 1988. Beowulf: an Imitative Translation. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Lehmann, Winfred P. 1943. "The Indo-European dh-Determinative as Germanic Preterite Formant." Language 19:19-26.

- - - 1952. Proto-Indo-Phonology. Austin: University of Texas Press.

- - - 1953. "The Conservatism of Germanic Phonology." Journal of English and Germanic Philology 51:140-152.

- - - 1961. "A Definition of Proto-Germanic: A Study in the Chronological Delimitation of Languages." Language 27:67-74.

- - - 1968. "The Proto-Germanic Words inherited from Proto-Indo-European which Reflect the Social and Economic Status of the Speakers." Zeitschrift für Mundartforschung 35:1-25.

- - - 1986. A Gothic Etymological Dictionary, based on the third edition by Sigmund Feist, with bibliography by Helen-Jo J. Hewitt. Leiden: Brill. (Extensive bibliography, pp. 597-712.)

- - - 1993. Theoretical Bases of Indo-European Linguistics. London: Routledge.

- - - 2002. Pre-Indo-European. JIES Monograph No. 41. Washington, DC: Institute for the Study of Man.

- - - 2004. "Review of Runes and Germanic Linguistics, by Antonsen." General Linguistics 43:155-158.

Lindeman, Frederick O. 1987, 2002. Introduction to the Laryngeal Theory. Oslo: Norwegian University Press.

Livy. History of Rome, Books 1-2. Translated by B.O. Foster, 1919. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.

Liuzza, R. M., ed. 1994. The Old English Version of the Gospels. Oxford: University Press

Marchand, James W. 1969. The Categories and Types of Present-Day English Word-Formation. Munich: Beck.

Meillet, Antoine. 1937 (repr. 1964). Introduction à l'étude comparative des langues indo-européennes, 8th ed. Paris: Hachette (repr. University of Alabama Press).

Moulton, William G. "The Stops and Spirants of Early Germanic. A Study in the Chronological Delimitation of Language." Language 30:1-42.

Müllenhoff, Karl, Wilhelm Scherer, and Elias Steinmeyer, eds. 1892. Denkmäler Deutscher Poesie und Prosa aus dem VIII-XII Jahrhundert, 3rd ed. Berlin: Weidmannsche.

Neckel, Gustav, and Hans Kuhn, eds. 1962. Edda: die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern, 3rd ed. Heidelberg: Winter.

Noreen, Adolf. 1923. Altisländische und altnorwegische Grammatik, 4th ed. Halle: Niemeyer.

Onions, C. T. 1959 (repr. 1966). Sweet's Anglo-Saxon Reader in Prose and Verse, 14th ed. Oxford: Clarendon.

Pokorny, Julius. 1959. Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch I. Vol. II Index by Harry B. Partridge 1962. 2nd ed. 1989.

Polomé, Edgar C. 1989. Essays on Germanic Religion. JIES Monograph 6. Washington, DC: Institute for the Study of Man.

Porzig, Walter. 1954. Die Gliederung des indogermanischen Sprachgebiets. Heidelberg: Winter.

Prokosch, Eduard. 1939. A Comparative Germanic Grammar. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Raumer, Rudolf von. 1837. Die Aspiration und die Lautverschiebung. Leipzig: Brockhaus.

Saussure, Ferdinand de. 1877. Mémoire sur le système primitive des voyelles dans les langages indo-européennes. Paris: Vieweg.

Seki, Lucy. 1990. "Kamaiurá (Tupí-Guaraní) as an Active-Stative Language," pp. 367-391 in Amazonian Languages, ed. Doris L. Payne. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Small, G.S. 1929. The Germanic Case of Comparison. Philadelphia: Linguistic Society.

Smith, Henry L., Jr. 1941. "The Verschärfung in Germanic." Language 17:93-98.

Specht, Franz. 1944, 1947. Der Ursprung der indogermanischen Deklination. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Streitberg, Wilhelm. 1896. Urgermanische Grammatik. Heidelberg: Winter.

- - -. 1920. ???

- - -, ed. 1960. Die gotische Bibel. Heidelberg: Winter.

Szemerényi, Oswald J.L. 1986. Introduction to Indo-European Linguistics. Oxford University Press.

Tacitus. Germania. Lateinisch/Deutsch. 1983. Trans. by Manfred Führmann. Stuttgart: Reclam.

Torp, A. and H. Falk. 1909. Wortschatz der germanischen Spracheinheit. Vergleichendes Wörterbuch der indogermanischen Sprachen II. A. Fick, ed. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Twaddell, William F. 1948. "The Prehistoric Germanic Short Syllabics." Language 24:139-151.

Van Coetsem, Frans, and H. L. Kufner, eds. 1972. Towards a Grammar of Proto-Germanic. Tübingen: Niemeyer. (Nine essays by specialists dealing with methods, relations to the other Indo-European languages, phonology, morphology and syntax, followed by a lengthy bibliography.)

Verner, Karl. 1875. "Eine Ausnahme der ersten Lautverschiebung," Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachwissenschaft 23:97-130.

Von Bahder, K. 1880. Die Verbalabstracta in den germanischen Sprachen. Halle: Niemeyer.

Watkins, Calvert, ed. 1985. The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Wilmanns, Wilhelm. 1893-1909. Deutsche Grammatik. I-III. Strassburg: Trübner.

Windisch, ... 1869. article???

Wood, Frederic T. ???

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