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Irish: Base Form Dictionary

This Base Form Dictionary index lists, in an alphabetical order suitable to the language and the script employed for it, every unique base form underlying one or more surface (word) forms in lesson texts. For each base form a general meaning (if any) is shown, along with links to every usage, in every numbered lesson, of the associated surface forms. With this index, one may click on any link to perform a quick "usage look-up," and thereby study how surface forms in texts are constructed from base forms.

A new, experimental feature is being introduced to these EIEOL lessons, namely the addition of pointers to Proto-Indo-European roots identified by Julius Pokorny in his monumental work, Indogermanisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (2 vols. Bern: Franke, 1959-1969; reprinted in 1989). Because Pokorny is becoming increasingly outdated, we may revise these links in the future; however, for the time being, this information might prove interesting to those who are curious about Indo-European etymology. Notice of potential error is always welcome.

<áil> desire -- <áinius> pleasure -- <álaind> beautiful, lovely -- <án> splendid, brilliant; splendour -- [Pokorny ā̆s-, based on it azd-, azg(h)- :: to burn, glow; ash]   -- <ánrad> hero, warrior, champion -- <áth> ford -- [Pokorny 1. ei- :: to go, exit]   -- <Áth da Ḟerta> Ford of the Two Mounds -- [Pokorny 1. ei- :: to go, exit]   -- <áu> ear -- [Pokorny 2. ōus- : əus- : us- :: ear]   -- <acht> except, only, save, but -- <acht> if only, provided that -- <adaig> night -- <adamrae> very wonderful -- <ad°cí, at°chí> sees -- [Pokorny 1. kei(-t)- :: to observe with respect, pay attention to]   -- <ad°cumaing> strikes, cuts; happens, chances -- <ad°fét> tells, relates -- <ad°gládathar> addresses, speaks to -- <ad°midethar> estimates, evaluates -- <aH> ... -- <aH> her -- <aicde> artefact, article -- <aicsiu> seeing -- <aidilcne> necessity, need -- <aile> other -- [Pokorny 1. al-, ol- :: beyond; other, alien]   -- <ailithre> pilgrimage -- <aimser, amsir> time, period, season -- <aingid> protects -- <ainm> name -- <air, ar> for -- <airbe> hedge, fence -- <airdirc> obvious; renowned -- [Pokorny derk̑- :: to look]   -- <airlise> forecourt, enclosure -- <aislinge> vision, dream -- <aiss, ais> back, hinder part -- [Pokorny ag̑- :: to lead, drive, agitate]   -- <aithesc> message -- <aL> o -- <aL> his, its -- <aL> it -- <allmar> foreign -- <amae, amin, amne> thus, in that way, so, then -- <amar> singing, song -- [Pokorny i̯em- :: to hold, match, defeat, geminate; twin]   -- <an-> non- -- <aN> he -- <aN> their -- <aN> as, when -- <-aN, -saN> that which, what -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <anair> from the front, before -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <anba> vast quantity -- <aníarthúaid> from the north-west, in the north-west -- <anL> what, that what -- <ann> there -- <anní> this, that -- <antúaid> from the north -- <araír> last night -- <ar-aN> so that, in order that, that -- <arcat, argat> silver -- [Pokorny ar(e)-g̑-, arg̑-?, r̥g̑i- :: white, argent, glittering]   -- <Arcatnél> Silver Cloud -- <are, arae, ara> charioteer -- <*ar°éci> observes -- <aret, airet> length, interval, space (of time) -- <aride, airide> bench -- <arL, airL> before, for, in front of, east of -- <arm, armm> armour, weapon -- <arN> our -- [Pokorny 3. ne-, nō-, plural nē̆s-, nō̆s- :: we]   -- <as°beir> says, speaks -- <at°baill> dies -- <at°chluin> hears -- <athir, athair> father -- [Pokorny pətḗ(r), genitive pətr-és :: father]   -- <attá> is -- <attan, attain> another time -- <bág> threat -- <bán> white, shiny -- <bás> death -- [Pokorny gā-, gem- :: to come, go]   -- <bath> sea, ocean -- <bél> lip; mouth, face -- <bés> custom, habit -- <bedg> start, leap -- <ben> woman, wife -- [Pokorny gē̆nā :: wife, queen, woman]   -- <benaid> beats, strikes, slays, wounds -- <berbad> boiling, cooking -- <berid> carries, brings -- [Pokorny 1. bher- :: to bear, bring, carry]   -- <bethu> life, existence -- [Pokorny 3. gei̯-, and gei̯ə- :: to live, survive]   -- <biad> food -- <bile> (ancient and venerated) tree -- <Bir> Bir -- <bith> world; life; age, period -- <bláth> flower, blossom; bloom -- <bladach> famous, renowned; splendid -- <blíadain> year -- <blonac> fat, lard, grease -- <bó> cow, ox -- <boca> soft -- <boid, búaid> victory; excellence, special quality; advantage -- <bongid> breaks -- <borb> oaf -- <bráth> judgment -- <bráth> Doomsday -- [Pokorny 1. bher- :: to bear, bring, carry]   -- <bráthir, bráthair> brother -- <bratt> cloak, mantle -- <bréit> strip; cloth; shred -- <brechtán> butter, fat, relish -- <Brega> Brega -- <breth> passing judgement, interpreting -- <bríg> strength, value -- <Bricriu> Bricriu -- <brissid> breaks, destroys; defeats -- [Pokorny bhrēi-, bhrī̆- :: to fray, pierce, cut with sharp tool]   -- <brón> sorrow -- <brú> belly, womb -- [Pokorny 1. bhreu-s- :: to swell, sprout]   -- <brú, brá> eyebrow, brow -- <brug, bruig> region, district -- [Pokorny mereg̑- :: march, edge, border, frontier]   -- <cách> everybody, everyone -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <cach, cech> each, every, any -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <caí> weeping -- <caín> fine, excellent, beautiful -- [Pokorny 3. ken- :: to begin, be born, come forth anew; young, recent]   -- <caill> wood, forest -- [Pokorny 3. kel-, kelə-, klā-, extended klād- :: to hit, hew, cut down]   -- <caingen> deal, bargain -- <caisel> stone wall, rampart -- <Camus> Camus -- <carae> friend -- [Pokorny kā- :: to like, wish, desire]   -- <caraid> loves -- <cardess, cairdes> friendship, love, cohabitation -- <carpat> war-chariot, wagon -- <cath> battle, fight -- [Pokorny k̑at- :: to fight, struggle; battle]   -- <Cathal> Cathal -- <céol> music -- <cét> first; fresh, new -- <cétamus> firstly -- <cétN> hundred -- <celid> conceals, hides -- <cell> cloister, monastic settlement -- <Cell Letrech> Cloister Letrech -- <cenél> race, tribe; descent -- [Pokorny 3. ken- :: to begin, be born, come forth anew; young, recent]   -- <cenL> without -- <cenn> head, front; end -- <ceth(a)ir, cethéoir> four -- <cethraimthe> quarter, fourth part -- <chena> besides -- <cía> although, even if -- <cían> long time; period -- <Ciccul, Cic(h)ul mac Guil meic Gairb meic Túathaigh meic Gúmóir> Cichol son of Goll of the son of Garb of the son of Tuatach of the son of Gumor -- <Cicul, Cichul, Ciccul> Cichol -- <Cicul Gricen-choss> Cichol Clapperleg -- <cidL, cedL> what; why -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <cinnas> how -- <clad> ditch, dyke -- [Pokorny 3. kel-, kelə-, klā-, extended klād- :: to hit, hew, cut down]   -- <clas, class> ditch, furrow; pit -- <clé> left -- [Pokorny k̑lei- :: to lean, incline, tip (over)]   -- <clechtaid> practices -- <cleittíne> javelin, dart -- <cless> feat, skill -- <cloth> fame, reputation -- <córe, córae> peace -- <coH> to, until -- [Pokorny kom :: at, by, cum, with, alongside]   -- <coíca> fifty -- <coicéle, coicéile> companion, friend; friendship -- <co(i)cetal> harmonious music -- <coimthecht> company -- <coll> hazel-tree -- [Pokorny kos(e)lo- :: hazel (tree)]   -- <collud> damaging, destroying -- <comainm> name, cognomen -- <comair> in front of -- <comL, coN> with -- [Pokorny kom :: at, by, cum, with, alongside]   -- <commairche> protection, refuge -- <comrac> encounter; combat; collision; sexual relation -- [Pokorny enek̑-, nek̑-, enk̑-, n̥k̑- :: to reach, obtain]   -- <con, coN> until; so that; and -- [Pokorny kom :: at, by, cum, with, alongside]   -- <Conall> Conall -- [Pokorny u̯al-, u̯al-d(h)- :: to prevail, be strong]   -- <con°boing> breaks; defeats; violates -- <Conchubur, Conchobar> Conchobar -- <con°gair> calls together -- <Congal> Congal -- <congbál> occupation, holding -- <con°icc> can, is able -- [Pokorny enek̑-, nek̑-, enk̑-, n̥k̑- :: to reach, obtain]   -- <conicci> as far as, up to, to, till -- <Connacht> inhabitant of Connacht -- <Connacht> Connacht -- <con°ocaib> truly raises, truly exalts -- <con°oí> keeps, preserves -- <con°ricc> meets, encounters -- <con°saídi> stirs up, excites -- <con°sní> contends, competes -- <con°tuili> sleeps -- <cor> putting; throwing; letting go -- <Corco Duibne> Corkaguiney -- <coss, cos> foot, leg -- [Pokorny kok̑sā :: body part: foot, coxa, etc.]   -- <cotlud> sleeping, sleep -- [Pokorny 3. tel- :: to be calm/still]   -- <cráidid> torments, vexes, afflicts -- <crích> boundary, territory -- [Pokorny 4. krē̆k- : krok- :: to tower, jut out; beams]   -- <cride> heart -- [Pokorny k̑ered- : k̑erd-, k̑ērd-, k̑r̥d-, k̑red- :: heart]   -- <cróeb, cráeb> branch; tree, bush -- <Crúachu, Crúachain> Cruachain -- <cruth> form, appearance -- [Pokorny 1. ker- :: to do, make, form]   -- <Cú> Hound -- [Pokorny k̑u̯on-, k̑un- :: hound, dog]   -- <Cú Chulainn> Hound of Culann -- <Cúailnge> Cuailnge -- <cúairt> circle; tour, journey -- <cúal> faggot -- <cuing> yoke, chain -- [Pokorny 2. i̯eu-, i̯eu̯ə-, i̯eu-g- :: to yoke, join, tie together]   -- <cuingid, cuindchid> seeking, requesting -- <Cuirithir mac Doborchon> Cuirithir son of Doborchu -- [Pokorny 2. (s)ker-, skerə- : skrē- :: to jump]   -- <cuirm> ale, beer; ale-feast, entertainment -- <culgaire> noise, rumble of a chariot -- <curach> coracle, skiff, boat -- <Curithir, Cuirithir> Cuirithir -- [Pokorny 2. (s)ker-, skerə- : skrē- :: to jump]   -- <Dáire mac Fiachnai> Daire son of Fiachnae -- [Pokorny 4. dher- : dhor- : dher- :: to jump (at)]   -- <dál> meeting, encounter -- [Pokorny 2. dhē- :: to do, put, place, set]   -- <dáL, díL, dáN> two -- [Pokorny du̯ō(u) :: two, duo]   -- <Dál Araide> the district of Arad -- <dán> craftsman, man of art -- <daH> she -- <daig> flame, fire; pang -- [Pokorny dhegh- :: to burn]   -- <daingne> firmness -- <dairid> bulls -- <dano, dono> again, now, then -- <dartaid> heifer, bull calf -- <dath> colour; hue, tint -- <datL> you -- <dé, día> god -- [Pokorny 1. dei-, dei̯ə-, dī-, di̯ā- :: to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity]   -- <déis> vassal -- <dead, diad> end -- <debuith> conflict -- <de°éci, do°écai> looks -- <deH, den> she -- <Deichtire, Deichtine> Deichtire -- <deilm> loud, rumbling noise -- <dene, deine> strength -- <derg> red -- [Pokorny 1. dher-, dherə- :: dirt, dreg, some type of deposit]   -- <desel, deisel> right-hand side -- <dess> right, south of -- <díanechtair> from outside -- <díden> end -- <dír> proper, fit, necessary -- <díthaigid> destroys -- <diaN> when; if -- <dias> two people, pair, couple -- <-did> is -- <didiu, didu> now, therefore, then -- <diL, deL> from, of -- [Pokorny de-, do- :: I-deictic; here]   -- <dixit> said -- <dlúm> mass, density -- <dóe> arm -- [Pokorny dous- :: arm]   -- <dóer> unfree person -- <do°adbat> shows -- <do°aitni> shines, is refulgent -- <do°beir> brings -- [Pokorny 1. bher- :: to bear, bring, carry]   -- <dochell> niggardliness, inhospitality -- <do°fíuch(t)ra> wakes up -- <do°gní> does; makes -- <do°guid> entreats, asks pardon -- <doích> likely -- <do°icc, tic(c), tig> approaches; gets; comes -- [Pokorny enek̑-, nek̑-, enk̑-, n̥k̑- :: to reach, obtain]   -- <doL, tL> your -- [Pokorny tū̆ :: thou, you]   -- <do°léici> yields -- <Dollud> distress, damage, havoc -- <doltach> pernicious, hurtful -- <dom, dam> house, home -- <domL, dumL> I -- <do°moinethar> thinks -- [Pokorny 3. men- :: to think; mind, spiritual activity]   -- <donn> brown -- <dorche, dorchae> darkness -- <dorísi, dorís> again, once more -- <do°roich> reaches -- <dortuth, dórtad> pouring out; destruction -- <do°scara> overthrows, ruins -- <do°sná> swims -- <do°tét, do°téit> comes; goes -- <druine> skill in craftmanship, manual dexterity -- <Dún Imrid> Fort Imrid -- [Pokorny 4. dheu-, dheu̯ə-, presumably dhu̯ē-, compare suffixes dhu̯ē-k-, dhu̯ē̆-s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <dub> black -- [Pokorny 4. dheu-, dheu̯ə-, presumably dhu̯ē-, compare suffixes dhu̯ē-k-, dhu̯ē̆-s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <duL, doL> to -- [Pokorny de-, do- :: I-deictic; here]   -- <-e> who, which -- <(h)é, síL, (h)ed> he, she, it -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <éccomlonn> unequal combat, unfair odds -- <écen> necessity, compulsion -- [Pokorny 1. ank- :: force; need, necessity]   -- <éces, éices> scholar, sage, poet -- <éit> cattle -- <ém, éim> truly, indeed, then -- <én> bird -- [Pokorny 2. pet-, petə- : ptē-, ptō-, Hellenic ptā- :: to fall, tumble down]   -- <Ériu> Ireland -- [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   -- <éscaid> alert, eager; swift -- <étach> clothing, garment -- [Pokorny 1. (s)teg- :: to deck, thatch, cover; house, roof]   -- <étan, édan> front, brow, forehead -- [Pokorny ant-s :: brow, front, anterior]   -- <ech> horse -- [Pokorny ek̑u̯o-s :: horse]   -- <Echaid> Echaid -- <ecne, ecnae> wise -- <Edmann> Edmonn, Edmand -- <ed-ón> that is -- <eirr, err> chariot-fighter, champion, warrior -- <Emain, Emuin> Emain Macha -- [Pokorny i̯em- :: to hold, match, defeat, geminate; twin]   -- <enach> bird-hunting, fowling -- <escong> eel -- <essH, asH, aH> out of, from -- [Pokorny eg̑hs, eg̑hz :: from, out of, ex-]   -- <eter> between, among -- [Pokorny 1. en :: in]   -- <etercert> interpretation, discussion, judgement, decision -- <eter°certa> interprets; decides, determines -- <etercían> far, distant, remote -- <fáilte> joy, happiness -- <fail> place, spot -- [Pokorny 7. u̯el-, u̯elə-, u̯lē- :: to turn, wind; round, voluble]   -- <fairrge> sea -- <farrad> beside, along with -- <fégaid> looking at, scanning, observing -- <féin, feissin> -self, own -- <fér> grass -- [Pokorny au̯eg-, u̯ōg-, aug-, ug- :: to augment, increase, magnify]   -- <Fea mac Tortán meic Srú meic Esrú> Fea son of Tortan of the son of Sru of the son of Esru -- <feccaid> begins -- <fecht> course, journey; time, occasion -- <fer> man -- [Pokorny u̯ī̆ro-s :: man, warrior]   -- <feraid> grants, affords, supplies, gives; performs; pours, sheds -- <fert> shaft, pole -- [Pokorny 5. u̯er- :: to shut, close, cover; guard, warn, save]   -- <Fertae Loíg> Laeg's tumulus -- [Pokorny 5. u̯er- :: to shut, close, cover; guard, warn, save]   -- <fír> truth; right; justice -- [Pokorny 11. u̯er-, u̯erə- :: to show friendship; true, very, veracious, trustworthy]   -- <fír> true -- [Pokorny 11. u̯er-, u̯erə- :: to show friendship; true, very, veracious, trustworthy]   -- <fírinne> truth -- <fiadnaise> presence -- <fiche> twenty -- [Pokorny u̯ī-k̑m̥t-ī :: twenty]   -- <find, finn> white, bright -- <Findarcat> White Silver -- <fine> kin -- <flaith> rule; domain; ruler -- <flann> blood red -- [Pokorny 8. u̯el- :: to steal; to wound, tear, avulse]   -- <flathem, flaithem> ruler -- <fó> good -- <fóbair> begins, sets about -- <fóelid> happy -- <fo°ácaib> leaves -- <foad, foid, foaid> sleeps together -- [Pokorny 1. u̯es- :: to live, stay overnight]   -- <fobaid> quick, prompt, active -- <fo°cain> accompanies with song, sings to, chants -- <fo°ceird> sets, puts; throws -- <fo°cuirethar> puts, throws -- <fodén> self, himself; own -- <fogur> sound -- <foL> under -- <folam> empty, vain -- <foll, faill> neglect -- <fo°loing> supports, sustains -- <Fomorach> Fomorach -- <fonnat> wheel-rim -- <for> on, over -- <forbbaid> covering; shroud -- <fo°reith> runs under -- <forim> chase -- [Pokorny rem-, remə- :: to rest; to support]   -- <for°nesa> strikes, kicks, crushes -- <forníam> ornament, decoration -- <forrán> violence -- <for°ruimi> sets, places; goes -- <for-t-gella> affirms, calls to witness, invokes -- <for°toing> swears, attests -- <foscath, foscad> shade, protection -- <fossad, fosad> plain surface -- [Pokorny stā- : stə- :: to stand]   -- <fris°tibi> smiles on -- <frithL, friH> against, towards -- <fúan> tunic -- [Pokorny 2. eu- :: to dress, put on]   -- <fuiliche> bloodiness, bloodshed -- <gáu, gó> falsehood, false judgement -- <gabál, gabáil> taking, conquest -- <gabor> (white) horse, mare -- <gabul, gabal> fork -- [Pokorny ghabh- :: to take, grab, seize]   -- <gaibid> takes; proceeds; recites -- [Pokorny ghabh- :: to take, grab, seize]   -- <gair> short; a short time -- [Pokorny 6. g̑her-, g̑herə- : g̑hrē-? :: short, small]   -- <gairid> calls -- <gaisced> weapons, armour; prowess -- <gataid> takes away, removes; steals -- [Pokorny 1. g̑hasto-, g̑hazdho- :: pole, rod, gad; twig]   -- <géim> roaring (of cattle) -- <gel> fair, white, bright -- <gelid> grazes, devours -- [Pokorny 2. gel-, and gel- :: to glut, devour, envelop]   -- <genn, geinn> wedge, block -- <gillae> servant, armed man -- <glass, glas> greenish, blue, grey -- [Pokorny 1. g̑hel-, and ghel-?, also as i-, u-, or n-stem; g̑helə-, g̑hlē-, g̑hlō-, g̑hlə- :: to shine, glare, glow; gold, yellow, bright color]   -- <gnás> intercourse -- <gnáth> usual, customary; known -- <gním> action, work -- <gnóe> beauty -- <gonaid> slays, kills, wounds -- <grellach> bog, mire -- <Grellach Culgairi> Bog of the Chariot-rumble -- <Grellach Dolluid> Bog of Distress -- <gruth> curds, cheese -- <í> this, these, those -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <íarar, íarair> search -- <íarmo> behind -- <íarN, íarmL-> after -- [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   -- <íascach> fishing -- <ícc> cure; solution -- [Pokorny 2c. per-, perə- :: to sell, impart]   -- <íriu> land, earth, soil -- [Pokorny pei̯(ə)-, pī̆- :: fat; milk]   -- <Íth> Ith -- <iarn> iron -- <iat> they -- <idL> he -- <idN, dN, -N> he -- <il> many, numerous -- <illei, ille> hither; since; moreover -- <imbL, immL> around, about; mutually -- [Pokorny ambhi, m̥bhi :: around, at both sides]   -- <imdae> bed, couch -- <imgabál, imgabáil> avoiding; evasion -- <im(m)> butter -- <immáin> driving; roaming, wandering about -- <immach> out of, out -- <im(m)da> many, abundant -- <im(m)°derga> reddens -- <im(m)°dích> defends, protects -- <im(m)°dídnathar> protects, releases, exempts -- <in, aN, indL> the -- <in, iN> in, into -- [Pokorny 1. en :: in]   -- <in, iN> when -- <Inber Domnann> Rivermouth Domnann -- <ind> end -- <indis(s)id> tells -- <ingen> daughter -- [Pokorny 1. en :: in]   -- <inis> island -- <in°lá> undertakes, arranges, adjusts -- <inneltae> yoked, harnessed -- <in°snádi> defers, puts off -- <in°soí> turns, returns -- <is> is -- [Pokorny es- :: is, to be]   -- <láaN, láN> day, daylight -- <lán> full, ample -- <lár> floor, surface; middle -- [Pokorny pelə-, plā- :: plane, flat, wide, broad]   -- <laH> among, by, with -- <Laigni> Leinstermen, Leinsterwomen -- <léibend, léibenn> level surface -- <léir> diligent -- <lecc> rock, stone -- [Pokorny 1. plā-k- : plə-k-, ple-k- : plō̆-k-, plei-k-, and pelə-g- : plā-g- : plə-g- :: flat, wide, broad; spread out]   -- <lemnacht> new/fresh milk -- <les> yard -- <les> remedy; advantage -- <leth> side, direction -- [Pokorny plā̆t-, plā̆d-, plē̆t-, plō̆t-, plət- :: flat, wide, broad; spread out]   -- <lí> beauty, lustre, glory; colour -- <Líadain> Liadain -- <lín> full number; number -- <linn> pool, lake, sea -- <Lóeg> Laeg -- <lóeg> calf -- <Lóegaire, Lóeguire> Loegaire -- <loch> lake, firth; pool -- <lom(m)nán> abundance -- <lorg> trail, path, course -- [Pokorny lerg- :: even, smooth, slippery]   -- <lorg> stick, shaft -- [Pokorny lerg- :: even, smooth, slippery]   -- <lottid> injures, spoils, destroys -- <lúaith> ashes -- <luith, luid> moves; flies -- [Pokorny 6. el-, elə- : lā-, el-eu-(dh-) :: to go, move, drive]   -- <luss, lus> herb, plant, vegetable -- [Pokorny 1. leudh- :: to grow up; free; people]   -- <Luth Luamnach> the Fury of the Pilotage -- <má, ma> if -- <már, mór> big, great -- [Pokorny 4. mē-, mō- :: big, important]   -- <máthir, máthair> mother -- <Mac Con Glinne> Son of the Hound of the Valley -- <macc, mac> son -- [Pokorny maghos :: maiden, young person]   -- <macdacht> adult -- [Pokorny maghos :: maiden, young person]   -- <Mael Fothartaig> Mael Fothartaig -- <mag> plain, field -- [Pokorny bheg-, bheng- :: to bang, break, smash]   -- <Mag Ítha> the Field of Ith -- <Mag Latharna> the Field of Lathairn -- <Mag Lí> the Field of Beauty -- <Mag nEthrige> the Field of Ethrag -- <maidid> breaks, bursts -- <maith> good -- [Pokorny 2. mā- :: timely, opportune]   -- <mani> if not -- <marb> dead -- <marbad> killing, slaying -- <marbaid> kills -- <maróc> sausage -- <mé> I -- [Pokorny 1. me- :: me (1st pers. sg. oblique pronoun stem)]   -- <méit> greatness, magnitude, size -- [Pokorny 4. mē-, mō- :: big, important]   -- <mecon, mecan> root -- <men, min> powder, dust -- <mí> month -- [Pokorny mēnōt, genitive mēneses, from which mēnes-, mēns-, mēs-, mēn- :: month; moon]   -- <mír> morsel, mouthful, portion -- <mind> crown, diadem, summit -- <mL, mmL> I -- [Pokorny 1. me- :: me (1st pers. sg. oblique pronoun stem)]   -- <mórthimchell> great circuit -- <mochtide> great, mighty -- <moíth> gentle, tender -- <moL, mL> my -- <muinter> family; party, followers; retinue, company -- <ná, na> not, nor -- <nad> not -- <naicc> no, not -- <ni> we -- [Pokorny 3. ne-, nō-, plural nē̆s-, nō̆s- :: we]   -- <ní> something, anything -- <ní, ni> not -- [Pokorny 1. nĕ, nē, nei :: (negative particle: no, etc.)]   -- <nícon, nicon> not -- <no> ... -- [Pokorny 1. nĕ, nē, nei :: (negative particle: no, etc.)]   -- <no> (introduces imperfect) -- <nó> or -- <noí> nine -- [Pokorny e-neu̯en, neu̯n̥, enu̯n̥ :: nine]   -- <ó> since -- [Pokorny 3. au-, au̯e, u̯ē̆- :: down, away from]   -- <Ó mac Úais> the grandson of the son of the Noble one -- <óen-> one, single -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- L, úaL> from, by -- <ón> this, that -- <ór> gold -- <oac, óc> young -- <oc> at, with, by -- [Pokorny enek̑-, nek̑-, enk̑-, n̥k̑- :: to reach, obtain]   -- <ocaib> raises, exalts -- <ocus> and -- <oenar> one person, one alone -- <oentu> unity, alliance, sexual union -- <ol> says, said -- [Pokorny 1. al-, ol- :: beyond; other, alien]   -- <olc> evil, wrong; misfortune -- [Pokorny 7. el-, elə-, with k-suffix elk-, elək- :: hungry; bad?]   -- <olchenae> besides -- [Pokorny 1. al-, ol- :: beyond; other, alien]   -- <ord> arrangement -- <Partholón> Partholon -- <ráidid> saying, uttering, speaking -- <réid> smooth, even, level -- [Pokorny reidh- :: to ride, go (in vehicle)]   -- <réidig> leveling, smoothing; clearing (land) -- <remi> ahead -- <reN> before -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <rían> course, route; sea, ocean -- <rig> fore-arm -- <rith> run, course -- <Rónán> Ronan -- <ro°cluinethar> hears -- [Pokorny 1. k̑leu-, k̑leu̯ə- : k̑lū- :: to hear, listen]   -- <ro°fitir> knows -- [Pokorny 2. u̯(e)id- :: to vide, see, wit, know]   -- <ro°laimethar> dares -- <rond, ronn> chain, bond -- <ro°saig> reaches -- <saigid> seeks, obtains -- <samaisc> heifer -- [Pokorny 1. sek- :: to run off, dry out (re: water)]   -- <samlaid, amlaid> thus, so, in this way -- <(s)aN> that which, what -- <scaraid> separates, parts -- <sceo> and -- <scíath> shield, wing -- <scolb> splinter, wattle -- <scuirid> unyokes -- <se> this, these -- [Pokorny so(s), sā :: (nom. sg. demonstrative stem: he, she)]   -- <se, sa> I -- <sech> past, beyond -- [Pokorny 1. sek- :: to segue, follow]   -- <sechbaid> excess; error -- <sechtair> outside -- <sechtN> seven -- <sen> old -- <seom, som> he, it -- <serc> love -- [Pokorny 4. ser- :: to insert, line up, put/bind together]   -- <sethnu, sethno> through, across -- <si> she -- <síar> backwards, back -- <síd> fairy fort -- [Pokorny sed- :: to sit, set, settle]   -- <síth> long -- [Pokorny 2. sē(i)- : səi- : sī-, sē- : sə-, and sei- : si- :: to sow, dispatch, disseminate, let fall]   -- <síthbe> pole, shaft -- <sin> this, that, those, the aforementioned -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <siu, so, su> you -- <Slíab Émóir> Emoir Hill -- <Slíab Fúait> Wooden Hill -- [Pokorny 1. gel- :: to curl, form into ball; round]   -- <sligid> strikes, slays; clears -- <slóg, slúag> troop, host, army -- <sN, s> she -- <sN, s> they -- <snechtae, snechta> snow -- [Pokorny sneigh- :: to snow; snow]   -- <snigid> pours down, flows, drops -- <so> this, these -- [Pokorny so(s), sā :: (nom. sg. demonstrative stem: he, she)]   -- <sóer> free man -- <sod, sad> bitch, wolf-bitch -- <soith> turns -- <soithcedach> prosperous, fortunate -- <sorche, sorchae> light, brightness -- <sreth> strewing; arrangement -- <súil> eye -- [Pokorny sā́u̯el-, sāu̯ol-, suu̯él-, su̯el-, sūl- :: Sol, sun]   -- <subae> joy, pleasure, happiness -- <sude, suide> this one, the aforementioned -- <sude, suide> sitting -- [Pokorny sed- :: to sit, set, settle]   -- <suíthe> wisdom, knowledge -- <sund> here -- <Táin> Tain, cattle-raid -- <Táin Bó Cúailnge> Cattle-Raid of Cuailnge -- <tacre, tacrae> pleading, declaration, dispute -- <tafann> hunting, pursuing, expelling -- <tair> in front -- <taithigid> frequents, practices -- <talam> earth, ground -- [Pokorny 2. tel-, telə-, telu- :: flat (board, ground)]   -- <tan, tain> time -- [Pokorny 1. ten-, tend- :: to span, stretch, extend]   -- <tanach> pressed cheese -- <tar> across, over -- [Pokorny 5. ter- :: through, over, etc.]   -- <tarb> bull -- [Pokorny tēu-, təu-, teu̯ə-, tu̯ō-, tū̆- :: to swell, intumesce]   -- <téit> goes -- [Pokorny 1. ten-, tend- :: to span, stretch, extend]   -- <teg, tech> house, dwelling -- [Pokorny 1. (s)teg- :: to deck, thatch, cover; house, roof]   -- <teinnid, tennaid> cuts, cracks, breaks -- [Pokorny 1. tem-, tend- :: to cut]   -- <tene, teine> fire -- <tír> earth, territory, land -- [Pokorny ters- :: to toast, dry; thirst]   -- <tigbae> surviving -- <timm> soft, pliant; feeble -- <tL> this -- <tN> he -- <tóeb> side -- [Pokorny (s)teig- :: arm, shoulder; thigh, hip]   -- <tóth, túath> tribe, people -- <tochomracht> distress, weariness, vexation -- <toíb> side -- <toich> natural, proper -- <tongaid> swears, takes an oath -- <totL, tatL, tL> you -- <trá, tra> then, well, so, indeed, moreover -- <tráth> period of time, (canonical) hour -- <trén> strong -- [Pokorny treg- :: to make an effort, use all one's strength; battle, force; solid]   -- <trí, tri, teoir> three -- <triar> three people -- <triL, treL> through -- [Pokorny 5. ter- :: through, over, etc.]   -- <trócaire> mercy -- <tú> you -- [Pokorny tū̆ :: thou, you]   -- <túaithbel> left-hand side -- <tuga> thatch -- <úair, uair> since -- <ucut> yonder -- <uile> all, whole -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <Ulaid> Ulidians, Ulstermen -- [Pokorny pu-lo- :: (stiff) hair]   -- <(h)ume, (h)umae> copper -- <ursa(n), ersa> door-post --

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