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Russian: English Meaning Index

This English Index lists, in alphabetical order, seemingly significant words used in the "general meaning" glosses of Base Forms underlying one or more surface (word) forms in lesson texts. For each English word, base forms having that word in their general meanings are shown, along with links to every usage, in every numbered lesson, of the associated surface forms. With this index, one may click on any link to perform a quick "usage look-up," and thereby study how surface forms in texts are constructed from base forms sharing a general English meaning word. In order to reduce clutter in this index, certain high-frequency English "function" words are ignored unless there are no "content" words in the meaning.

This index was created by software, not by human hand, using lesson materials authored with very few constraints on the expression of "meaning" other than it being in English. Selecting significant words from free-form text via software is a notoriously difficult task. For example, while most meanings in these lessons are expressed as "glosses," some or parts may be comments directed toward the human reader, who is expected to discern the difference. Computer software cannot yet make such subtle linguistic distinctions, so all words in a meaning are treated alike. With few exceptions, then, all words are indexed. The results are neither produced nor presented with any claims to superior linguistic sensitivity, but at least the full meaning texts are shown for your inspection and judgment. Modest effort was invested in tuning the software to ignore [apparently] superfluous, high-frequency words (e.g., the preposition "of") that, in the presence of [apparently] more important words, contribute little or no useful information to an index; unfortunately this may result in some words, in some contexts, being unfairly omitted.




24TH : <дъвадєсѧтьнъ и чєтврътъ> twenty-fourth, 24th -- 9TH : <дєвятꙑи> ninth, 9th -- ABASE : <съмѣрити, -рѭ, -риши> lower, reduce, lessen, humble, abase -- ABJECT : <ѹмил҄єнъ> dejected, abject -- ABLE : <мошти, могѫ, можєши> be able, can -- ABLE : <потѧгнѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> work, be useful, strive, be strong, be able -- ABOUT : <до> (w. gen.) to, up to; (with numerals) about -- ABOUT : <досѣдѣти, -ждѫ, -диши> bring about by sitting, achieve through encamping or remaining in the field -- ABOUT : <о (об)> (w. loc.) around; about, concerning; for; by; (w. instr.) at, by, along; (w. acc.) against -- ABOUT : <по> (w. dat.) on, about (motion on surface); (w. acc.) on, after, on account of; (w. loc.) after, following, for -- ABOVE : <надъ> (w. acc. or instr.) over, above -- ABUNDANT : <обильнъ> copious, abundant, large -- ACCOMPLISH : <исправити, -вл҄ѭ, -виши> accomplish -- ACCORDING : <противъ, противѫ> (adv.) opposite; (prep. w. dat.) according to; to meet -- ACCOUNT : <по> (w. dat.) on, about (motion on surface); (w. acc.) on, after, on account of; (w. loc.) after, following, for -- ACHIEVE : <досѣдѣти, -ждѫ, -диши> bring about by sitting, achieve through encamping or remaining in the field -- ACQUIRE : <изимати, ѥмлѭ, ѥмлѥши> take, take up; acquire; capture -- ACQUIRE : <имати, ѥмлѭ, ѥмлѥши> take, take up; acquire -- ACROSS : <заморьѥ> a transmarine region, (any) region across the sea -- ADD : <примꙑслити, -шлѭ, -слиши> devise, contrive, invent; add to, increase -- ADDED : <ти> and; but; (added to adverbs) indeed -- ADJ. : <крѣпъкъ> (adj.) healthy, strong, powerful; (adv.) strenuously, vigorously -- ADJ. : <отьнь> (poss. adj.) of the father, father's -- ADJ. : <храбръ> (m.) fighter, soldier; (adj.) strong -- ADJUDICATE : <сѫдити, -ждѫ, -диши> judge, adjudicate -- ADMONISH : <наказати, -заѭ, -заѥши> chastise; instruct; admonish, warn -- ADORNED : <изодѣꙗти сѧ, -одѣѭ сѧ, -одѣѥши сѧ> be dressed up, be adorned -- ADVERBS : <ти> and; but; (added to adverbs) indeed -- AFFLICTION : <пєчаль> sadness, affliction -- AFFLUENT : <Смядина> Smjadina, Smiadina, Smyadina; Smjadin, Smiadin, Smjadyn, Smiadyn (name of a river, affluent of the Dnieper) -- AFRAID : <ѹбоꙗти сѧ, -боѭ сѧ, -боиши сѧ> fear, become afraid -- AFTER : <за> (w. acc.) after, by, because of, for; (w. instr.) behind; (w. gen.) because of -- AFTER : <по> (w. dat.) on, about (motion on surface); (w. acc.) on, after, on account of; (w. loc.) after, following, for -- AFTERWARD : <послѣдь> then, afterward -- AFTERWARD : <прочєѥ> therefore, but, finally; afterward -- AGAINST : <кромѣ> (adv., prep. w. gen.) outside, far away, on the side, against -- AGAINST : <мьштати, -таѭ, -таѥши> defend against, revenge, avenge -- AGAINST : <на> (w. acc.) onto, against, for, to the extent; (w. loc.) on, at -- AGAINST : <о (об)> (w. loc.) around; about, concerning; for; by; (w. instr.) at, by, along; (w. acc.) against -- AGAINST : <побѣдити, -ждѫ, -диши> conquer; fight, fight against; set in motion, hasten, incite; sally out -- AGE : <въздрастъ> age -- AGE : <старость> old age -- AGE : <юность> youth, young age -- ALAS : <ѹвꙑ> (w. dat.) alas, woe -- ALIVE : <живъ> alive, living -- ALL : <вьсь> all, every; whole -- ALLOW : <отъпѹстити, -штѫ, -стиши> allow, let, free; send (away) -- ALLOW : <пѹстити, -штѫ, -стиши> allow, let, free; send (away) -- ALLOWABLE : <льзѣ> permitted, allowable; (w. 'to be') be possible -- ALONE : <ѹѥдинити, -нѭ, -ниши> leave behind alone; unite -- ALONG : <Смольньскъ> Smolensk (name of a city located along the Dnieper river) -- ALONG : <козаринъ> Khazar, of the Khazars (a Turkic tribe located along the Volga) -- ALONG : <меря> (collective) the Merians (a Finnish tribe, in the region of Jaroslavl and Rostov, along the Volga river) -- ALONG : <мурома> the Muroma (a Finnish tribe inhabiting the region along the Oka river) -- ALONG : <о (об)> (w. loc.) around; about, concerning; for; by; (w. instr.) at, by, along; (w. acc.) against -- ALONG : <польскъ> Poljan, Polian, Poljanian, Polianian, of the Poljan tribe (a Slavic tribe living along the Dnieper) -- ALONG : <полꙗнинъ> Polan, Polian, Polianian, of the Polianians (a Slavic tribe located along the Dnieper river) -- ALONG : <сѣвєръ> Severian, of the Severian tribe (a Slavic tribe located along the Sejm and Sula rivers) -- ALREADY : <южє, ѹжє> already -- ALSO : <и> and; also, too, even -- ALSO : <тожє> also, and -- ANGEL : <ангєльскъ> of an angel, angel's, angelic -- ANGELIC : <ангєльскъ> of an angel, angel's, angelic -- ANGLES : <аглянє, анъглянє> (pl.) the Angles (a Western Germanic tribe) -- ANIMAL : <звѣрь> (wild) animal -- ANNOUNCE : <повѣдѣти, -вѣмь, -вѣси> announce, report, recount -- ANNOUNCEMENT : <вѣсть> announcement, report; rumor; fame -- ANY : <борьѥ> (usu. collective) pine; cypress; cedar; (any) tree; woods, forest -- ANY : <заморьѥ> a transmarine region, (any) region across the sea -- ANY : <къи, коє, коꙗ> which?, what?; some, any -- ANYHOW : <понѣ> or, whether, or then; save, at least, anyhow -- APART : <обънажити, -жѫ, -жиши> uncover; strip, deprive; spread apart, expand -- APOSTLE : <апостольскъ> of the apostle, apostle's, apostolic -- APOSTOLIC : <апостольскъ> of the apostle, apostle's, apostolic -- APPLIED : <варѧгъ> Varangian, of the Varangian tribe (name of a particular group of Scandinavians); bodyguard (of Viking descent, often applied to members of the Byzantine Emperor's personal guard) -- APPLIED : <деместиковъ> of the domesticus, relating to the domesticus (originally within Byzantine tradition a term denoting the leader of certain guard units; later a term applied to certain civil and ecclesiastica -- APPROACH : <приспѣти, -спѣѭ, -спѣѥши> come; approach, near; hasten -- ARISTOCRACY : <вєльможа> member of the nobility, member of the aristocracy, noble, aristocrat -- ARISTOCRAT : <боꙗринъ> noble, aristocrat, bojar, boyar -- ARISTOCRAT : <вєльможа> member of the nobility, member of the aristocracy, noble, aristocrat -- ARMY : <вой> fighter; (pl.) troops, army -- AROUND : <о (об)> (w. loc.) around; about, concerning; for; by; (w. instr.) at, by, along; (w. acc.) against -- AROUND : <окрѫгъ> (adv., prep. w. gen.) around, near -- AROUND : <походити, -ждѫ, -диши> go, go around -- ARRANGE : <пристроити, -строѭ, -строиши> prepare, make ready, arrange -- ARRIVE : <пристати, -станѫ, -станєши> stand near; be near, be present; come, arrive -- ARRIVE : <прити, -идѫ, -идєши> come, arrive -- ARROGANT : <гръдити сѧ, -ждѫ, -диши> be haughty, be arrogant -- ASK : <молити, -лѭ, -лиши> beseech, ask; pray -- ASK : <помолити, -лѭ, -лиши> beseech, ask; pray -- ASK : <просити, -шѫ, -сиши> ask, demand -- ASK : <ѹпросити, -шѫ, -сиши> ask, interrogate, question -- ASKING : <испросити, -жѫ, -сиши> seek, search (for); gain by asking -- ASKOLD : <Асколдъ, Осколдъ> Askold, Askuldr (Scandinavian name) -- ASKULDR : <Асколдъ, Осколдъ> Askold, Askuldr (Scandinavian name) -- ASLEEP : <ѹсънѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> fall asleep -- ASMUD : <Асмудъ> Asmud, Asmund, Asmundr (Scandinavian name) -- ASMUND : <Асмудъ> Asmud, Asmund, Asmundr (Scandinavian name) -- ASMUNDR : <Асмудъ> Asmud, Asmund, Asmundr (Scandinavian name) -- ASSUME : <мьнѣти, мьнѭ, мьниши> believe, think, assume -- ATIL : <Волга> Volga, (Turkic) Itil, Atil (name of a river flowing into the Caspian Sea) -- ATTACH : <повьрзꙑвати, -ваѭ, -ваѥши> tie, bind; fasten, attach -- ATTAIN : <добꙑти, -бѫдѫ, -бѫдєши> get, attain -- AUDACITY : <дръзновєньѥ> daring, audacity; trust, confidence, reliance -- AUGUST : <авъгѹстъ> Augustus; (the month of) August -- AUGUSTUS : <авъгѹстъ> Augustus; (the month of) August -- AUTHORITY : <власть> rule, power, authority; despotic rule, tyranny -- AVENGE : <мьштати, -таѭ, -таѥши> defend against, revenge, avenge -- AWAY : <абьє> right away -- AWAY : <възвратити, -штѫ, -тиши> return; turn away; (refl.) leave -- AWAY : <въринѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> thrust in; throw, throw in; cast away -- AWAY : <вєсти, вєдѫ, вєдєши> lead; lead off, lead away; carry; drag, draw -- AWAY : <изгнати, иждєнѫ, иждєнєши> cast out, cast away; drive out, drive away -- AWAY : <испѹстити, -штѫ, -стиши> loose, free; send forth, send out, send away, emit -- AWAY : <кромѣ> (adv., prep. w. gen.) outside, far away, on the side, against -- AWAY : <отъврѣшти, -врьгѫ, -врьгєши> throw away, renounce -- AWAY : <отъпѹстити, -штѫ, -стиши> allow, let, free; send (away) -- AWAY : <поимати, -ѥмл҄ѭ, -ѥмл҄ѥши> take, take away -- AWAY : <пѹстити, -штѫ, -стиши> allow, let, free; send (away) -- AWAY : <сънѧти, съньмѫ, съньмєши> take away from, remove; go down, descend; lead down; (refl.) come together, collect, gather -- AXIS : <коньць> a coming to pass, performance, consummation; highest or farthest point; end, limit, boundary; pivot, axis -- BACK : <възвратити, -штѫ, -тиши> give back; (refl.) come back -- BACK : <въспѧть> back, toward the back, in reverse, in return -- BACK : <опѧть> back -- BACK : <поити, -идѫ, -идєши> go, set out; go back, return -- BACKWARD : <прѣгъбъ> (meaning unclear) a bending; a bending backward, vain glory, pomposity; a piece of cloth, decorative cloak with bejeweled clasp; cross-bench (of a Viking ship) -- BAD : <зълъ> evil, bad -- BAND : <дрѹжина> retinue, band of retainers, troop -- BANK : <полъ, полѹ> side, bank, shore; sex; half -- BARK : <скора> bark, shell; pine; skin, hide, pelt, leather -- BASE : <подольѥ> valley, vale; base, foundation -- BASEMENT : <клѣть> house; household; basement, cellar; shed -- BASIC : <разѹмъ> understanding, sense, opinion, basic thought -- BASIL : <Василий> Vasili, Vasilii, Vasilij, Basil (name of a saint) -- BATH : <мовь> a washing, bath -- BATHE : <измꙑти, -мꙑѭ, -мꙑѥши> bathe, wash -- BATHE : <мꙑти, мꙑѭ, мꙑѥши> bathe, wash -- BATHHOUSE : <истъбъка> tent, hut; bathhouse -- BE : <бꙑвати, -ваѭ, -ваѥши> be -- BEAT : <ѹдарити, -рѭ, -риши> strike, beat -- BEAUTY : <доброта> goodness; beauty; virtue -- BECAUSE : <за> (w. acc.) after, by, because of, for; (w. instr.) behind; (w. gen.) because of -- BECAUSE : <ради> (w. gen.) for, for the sake of, because of -- BECAUSE : <ꙗко> as, when; in order to; that; because; (introduces quotation) -- BECOME : <бꙑти, бѫдѫ, бѫдєши> be, become -- BECOME : <изнємошти, -могѫ, -можєши> be unable; be weak; become wearied, be exhausted -- BECOME : <ѹбоꙗти сѧ, -боѭ сѧ, -боиши сѧ> fear, become afraid -- BECOME : <ѹпити сѧ, -пьѭ, -пьѥши> become inebriated, get drunk -- BECOME : <ѹтръпати, -аѭ, -аѥши> grow stiff or useless, become torpid, become listless or inactive, become dull -- BED : <гнѣздо> couch, bed; nest -- BEFORE : <прѣдъ> (w. acc. or instr.) before, in front of -- BEFORE : <прѣждє> before -- BEG : <ѹнити, -нѭ, -ниши> want; desire; beg; prefer -- BEGIN : <начѧти, -чьнѫ, -чьнєши> begin -- BEGIN : <почѧти, -чьнѫ, -чьнєши> begin, commence -- BEHIND : <за> (w. acc.) after, by, because of, for; (w. instr.) behind; (w. gen.) because of -- BEHIND : <остати, останѫ, останєши> stay behind, remain -- BEHIND : <ѹѥдинити, -нѭ, -ниши> leave behind alone; unite -- BEHOLD : <зрѣти, -зрѫ, -зриши> look at, behold; see -- BEHOLD : <сє> lo, behold -- BEHOLD : <ѹзрѣти, -зрѫ, -зриши> look at, behold; see -- BEJEWELED : <прѣгъбъ> (meaning unclear) a bending; a bending backward, vain glory, pomposity; a piece of cloth, decorative cloak with bejeweled clasp; cross-bench (of a Viking ship) -- BELIEVE : <мьнѣти, мьнѭ, мьниши> believe, think, assume -- BELO-OZERO : <Бѣло Ѥзєро> Belo-ozero, Beloozero (literally 'White Lake', name of a lake and the surrounding region) -- BELO-OZERO : <весь> (collective) the Ves, Vepsians (a Finnish tribe between Lakes Ladoga and Belo-ozero) -- BELONGING : <диꙗволь> of the devil, belonging to the devil, diabolical -- BELOOZERO : <Бѣло Ѥзєро> Belo-ozero, Beloozero (literally 'White Lake', name of a lake and the surrounding region) -- BELOR. : <Днѣпръ> Dnieper, (Russ.) Dnepr, (Belor.) Dnjapro, (Ukr.) Dnipro, (classical) Danapris (name of a river flowing into the Black Sea) -- BELOW : <въздолѣ> (w. gen.) below, at the bottom of -- BELOW : <подъ> (w. acc.) under, below (object of motion); (w. instr.) under, below (location) -- BENDING : <прѣгъбъ> (meaning unclear) a bending; a bending backward, vain glory, pomposity; a piece of cloth, decorative cloak with bejeweled clasp; cross-bench (of a Viking ship) -- BESEECH : <молити, -лѭ, -лиши> beseech, ask; pray -- BESEECH : <помолити, -лѭ, -лиши> beseech, ask; pray -- BETTER : <лѹчьи, лѹчє, лѹчьши> better -- BETTER : <ѹньи, ѹн҄є, ѹн҄ьши> better -- BETWEEN : <боричєвъ> of Boris, relating to Boris; (subst. m.) the Borichev (a trail between upper and lower reaches of Kiev) -- BETWEEN : <весь> (collective) the Ves, Vepsians (a Finnish tribe between Lakes Ladoga and Belo-ozero) -- BIG : <вєликъ> big, large, great -- BIGGER : <бол҄ьи> bigger, more -- BIND : <повьрзꙑвати, -ваѭ, -ваѥши> tie, bind; fasten, attach -- BIND : <потъкнѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> stick in or on, fix in or on, fasten together, bind; set up, prop up; strike -- BIND : <привѧзꙑвати, -зѹѭ, -зѹѥши> fasten, bind -- BINDING : <сътѫга> (meaning unclear) a binding; clasp, buckle; fibula -- BIRTH : <родъ> race, kind, sort; generation; birth -- BITTER : <горькъ> bitter, pungent, unpleasant -- BLACK : <Днѣпръ> Dnieper, (Russ.) Dnepr, (Belor.) Dnjapro, (Ukr.) Dnipro, (classical) Danapris (name of a river flowing into the Black Sea) -- BLACK : <горѣти, -рѭ, -риши> burn; (refl.) produce smoke, be black with smoke -- BLESSED : <блажєнъ> blessed -- BLESSED : <свѧтъ> holy, blessed -- BLIND : <слѣпъ> blind -- BLOOD-DRINKING : <кръвопийца> blood-drinking, bloodthirsty -- BLOODTHIRSTY : <кръвопийца> blood-drinking, bloodthirsty -- BOAST : <скакати, -чѫ, -чєши> dance; spring vigorously, to leap or jump up, exult, revel, boast -- BOAT : <корабльць> caravel, (a type of) boat -- BOAT : <лодья> boat -- BODY : <тѣло> body -- BODYGUARD : <варѧгъ> Varangian, of the Varangian tribe (name of a particular group of Scandinavians); bodyguard (of Viking descent, often applied to members of the Byzantine Emperor's personal guard) -- BOIL : <възгарати, -раѭ, -раѥши> burn; boil over -- BOJAR : <боꙗринъ> noble, aristocrat, bojar, boyar -- BORICHEV : <боричєвъ> of Boris, relating to Boris; (subst. m.) the Borichev (a trail between upper and lower reaches of Kiev) -- BORIS : <Борисъ> Boris (name of a prince, brother of Svjatopolk, Jaroslav, Gleb, and Predslava) -- BORIS : <Глѣбъ> Gleb (name of a prince, brother of Svjatoslav, Jaroslav, Boris and Predslava) -- BORIS : <Прѣдъслава> Peredslava, Predslava (name of a princess, sister of Svjatopolk, Jaroslav, Boris, and Gleb) -- BORIS : <Свѧтоплъкъ> Svjatopolk, Svyatopolk, Sviatopolk (name of a prince, brother of Jaroslav, Boris, Gleb, and Predslava) -- BORIS : <Ярославъ> Jaroslav, Yaroslav (name of a prince, brother of Svjatopolk, Boris, Gleb, and Predslava) -- BORIS : <Ярославъ> Jaroslav, Yaroslav (name of the brother of Svjatoslav, Boris, Gleb, and Predslava) -- BORIS : <боричєвъ> of Boris, relating to Boris; (subst. m.) the Borichev (a trail between upper and lower reaches of Kiev) -- BOTH : <оба, обѣ, обѣ> both -- BOTTOM : <въздолѣ> (w. gen.) below, at the bottom of -- BOUNDARY : <коньць> a coming to pass, performance, consummation; highest or farthest point; end, limit, boundary; pivot, axis -- BOUNDARY : <ѹставъ> end; boundary; rule; definition -- BOW : <поклонъ> bow; worship; salutation, greeting -- BOY : <отрокъ> boy, servant -- BOYAR : <боꙗринъ> noble, aristocrat, bojar, boyar -- BRANCH : <лоза> twig, branch; grape-vine -- BREAK : <въстати, -станѫ, -станєши> stand up, break out -- BREAK : <наломити, -млѭ, -миши> break, fracture -- BREAST : <дѣтѧ> infant; breast, teat; child -- BREATHING : <въздꙑханьѥ> respiration, breathing; sigh, groan -- BREED : <плємѧ> seed; sprout, shoot; generation; breed, species, type; tribe, group -- BRETHREN : <братьꙗ> (collective) brothers, brethren -- BRIGHT : <бльштати сѧ, -штѫ сѧ, -штиши сѧ> shine, glisten; shine, be bright -- BRING : <въскланꙗти, -нꙗѭ, -нꙗѥши> recline; emerge, bring forth, raise up -- BRING : <досѣдѣти, -ждѫ, -диши> bring about by sitting, achieve through encamping or remaining in the field -- BRING : <нєсти, -сѫ, -сєши> bring -- BRING : <принєсти, -сѫ, -сєши> bring, carry -- BRING : <съвєсти, -зѫ, -зєши> bring together, collect, gather -- BROTHER : <Борисъ> Boris (name of a prince, brother of Svjatopolk, Jaroslav, Gleb, and Predslava) -- BROTHER : <Глѣбъ> Gleb (name of a prince, brother of Svjatoslav, Jaroslav, Boris and Predslava) -- BROTHER : <Свѧтоплъкъ> Svjatopolk, Svyatopolk, Sviatopolk (name of a prince, brother of Jaroslav, Boris, Gleb, and Predslava) -- BROTHER : <Хоривъ> Khoriv, Xoriv (brother of Kyi) -- BROTHER : <Щєкъ> Shchek, Shek (brother of Kyi) -- BROTHER : <Ярославъ> Jaroslav, Yaroslav (name of a prince, brother of Svjatopolk, Boris, Gleb, and Predslava) -- BROTHER : <Ярославъ> Jaroslav, Yaroslav (name of the brother of Svjatoslav, Boris, Gleb, and Predslava) -- BROTHER : <братонєвавидьникъ> hostile to one's brother -- BROTHER : <братръ, братъ> brother -- BROTHERS : <братьꙗ> (collective) brothers, brethren -- BUCKLE : <сътѫга> (meaning unclear) a binding; clasp, buckle; fibula -- BUILD : <съдѣлати, -аѭ, -аѥши> found, establish; work, build -- BURDENSOME : <тѧжькъ> grave; burdensome; savage; intolerable -- BURIAL : <могꙑла> grave, tomb, burial mound -- BURN : <възгарати, -раѭ, -раѥши> burn; boil over -- BURN : <възгорѣти, -рѭ, -риши> burn, burn up -- BURN : <горѣти, -рѭ, -риши> burn; (refl.) produce smoke, be black with smoke -- BURN : <зажєшти, -жєгѫ, -жєжєши> set on fire, ignite, burn -- BURN : <изгорѣти, -рѭ, -риши> burn up -- BURN : <прѣжєшти, -жєгѫ, -жєжєши> burn -- BURY : <засꙑпати, -плѭ, -плѥши> cover, cover over, hide, bury -- BURY : <погрєти, -грєбѫ, -грєбєши> bury -- BURY : <посꙑпати, -плѭ, -плѥши> cover, cover over, hide, bury -- BUT : <а> and, but; if -- BUT : <жє> and, but -- BUT : <нъ> but -- BUT : <прочєѥ> therefore, but, finally; afterward -- BUT : <ти> and; but; (added to adverbs) indeed -- BUT : <то> but, then, therefore -- BY : <досѣдѣти, -ждѫ, -диши> bring about by sitting, achieve through encamping or remaining in the field -- BY : <за> (w. acc.) after, by, because of, for; (w. instr.) behind; (w. gen.) because of -- BY : <испросити, -жѫ, -сиши> seek, search (for); gain by asking -- BY : <мимо> past, by -- BY : <о (об)> (w. loc.) around; about, concerning; for; by; (w. instr.) at, by, along; (w. acc.) against -- BY : <о> (vocative particle followed by voc. or nom.) o!; (exclamatory particle followed by nom. or gen., less often dat.) oh! -- BY : <отъ> (w. gen.) of, from; by -- BY : <ѹ> (w. gen.) near, at, by -- BYZANTINE : <варѧгъ> Varangian, of the Varangian tribe (name of a particular group of Scandinavians); bodyguard (of Viking descent, often applied to members of the Byzantine Emperor's personal guard) -- BYZANTINE : <деместиковъ> of the domesticus, relating to the domesticus (originally within Byzantine tradition a term denoting the leader of certain guard units; later a term applied to certain civil and ecclesiastica -- BYZANTIUM : <Цѣсарь Градъ> Byzantium, Constantinople (literally 'the Emperor's City') -- CALENDS : <каланъди> (plural) calends, kalends, first day of the month -- CALL : <възвати, -зовѫ, -зовєши> call, summon -- CALL : <звати, зовѫ, зовєши> cry out; call, summon -- CALL : <прозвати, -зовѫ, -зовєши> call, summon -- CAN : <мошти, могѫ, можєши> be able, can -- CAPTURE : <изимати, ѥмлѭ, ѥмлѥши> take, take up; acquire; capture -- CAPTURE : <пагѹба> capture; destruction, ruin; disease; corruption -- CARAVEL : <корабльць> caravel, (a type of) boat -- CARE : <брѣшти, брѣгѫ, брѣжєши> be an object of care or thought, be a concern; (with negation) have no care for, be neglectful of, be careless, be negligent; look down upon, despise -- CARE : <почьстити, -штѫ, -стиши> cultivate, care for, honor -- CARELESS : <брѣшти, брѣгѫ, брѣжєши> be an object of care or thought, be a concern; (with negation) have no care for, be neglectful of, be careless, be negligent; look down upon, despise -- CARELESSNESS : <ѹнꙑньѥ> mourning, sadness; carelessness, negligence, neglect -- CARRIED : <ꙗхати (ꙗд-), -хаѭ, -хаѥши> be carried, ride, go -- CARRY : <възнєсти, -сѫ, -сєши> carry, transport, transfer -- CARRY : <вєсти, вєдѫ, вєдєши> lead; lead off, lead away; carry; drag, draw -- CARRY : <вꙑносити, -шѫ, -сиши> carry off, make off with -- CARRY : <носити, -шѫ, -сиши> carry; have -- CARRY : <понєсти, -сѫ, -сєши> carry, transport -- CARRY : <принєсти, -сѫ, -сєши> bring, carry -- CART : <возъ> chariot, wagon, cart -- CARVE : <сѣшти, сѣкѫ, сѣчєши> cut down; scratch, carve; sacrifice, slaughter -- CASPIAN : <Волга> Volga, (Turkic) Itil, Atil (name of a river flowing into the Caspian Sea) -- CAST : <възложити, -жѫ, -жиши> throw upon, cast upon; impose -- CAST : <въринѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> thrust in; throw, throw in; cast away -- CAST : <изгнати, иждєнѫ, иждєнєши> cast out, cast away; drive out, drive away -- CASTLE : <Вꙑшєградъ> citadel, castle; (as proper name) Vyshegrad, Vyshgorod (name of a city) -- CASTLE : <трѣмъ> tower, castle; home, residence -- CASTLE : <трѣмьнъ> of a tower, relating to a tower, relating to a castle -- CATCH : <състигнѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> follow, pursue, catch up with, overtake, obtain, procure -- CEDAR : <борьѥ> (usu. collective) pine; cypress; cedar; (any) tree; woods, forest -- CELLAR : <вѣжа> cellar for storage; kitchen; tent -- CELLAR : <клѣть> house; household; basement, cellar; shed -- CERTAIN : <деместиковъ> of the domesticus, relating to the domesticus (originally within Byzantine tradition a term denoting the leader of certain guard units; later a term applied to certain civil and ecclesiastica -- CHAPTER : <глава> head; chapter -- CHARGE : <ѹрокъ> judgement; festival; expense, charge, cost; supply; payment; stipend -- CHARIOT : <возъ> chariot, wagon, cart -- CHASTISE : <наказати, -заѭ, -заѥши> chastise; instruct; admonish, warn -- CHILD : <дѣтѧ> infant; breast, teat; child -- CHILD : <младєньствовати, -вѹѭ, -вѹѥши> be a child -- CHILD-KILLING : <сꙑрорѣзаньѥ> (meaning unclear) child-killing? -- CHILDISH : <дѣтьскъ> childish -- CHILDREN : <дѣть> children; (often pl.) infants, children -- CHOICE : <любъ> dear; pleasing; choice, chosen -- CHOIR : <деместиковъ> of the domesticus, relating to the domesticus (originally within Byzantine tradition a term denoting the leader of certain guard units; later a term applied to certain civil and ecclesiastica -- CHOOSE : <избрати, -бєрѫ, -бєрєши> elect, select, choose -- CHOSEN : <любъ> dear; pleasing; choice, chosen -- CHUDS : <чюдь> (collective) the Chuds (a Finnish tribe, in Estonia near Lake Peipus) -- CHURCH : <црькꙑ> church, temple -- CITADEL : <Вꙑшєградъ> citadel, castle; (as proper name) Vyshegrad, Vyshgorod (name of a city) -- CITY : <Вꙑшєградъ> citadel, castle; (as proper name) Vyshegrad, Vyshgorod (name of a city) -- CITY : <Искоростѣнь> Iskorosten (name of a city) -- CITY : <Кꙑєвъ> Kiev, Kyiv (name of a city) -- CITY : <Муромъ> Murom (name of a city) -- CITY : <Полотьскъ> Polotsk (name of a city) -- CITY : <Ростовъ> Rostov (name of a city) -- CITY : <Смольньскъ> Smolensk (name of a city located along the Dnieper river) -- CITY : <Цѣсарь Градъ> Byzantium, Constantinople (literally 'the Emperor's City') -- CITY : <градъ> walled structure, walled fortification; garden, enclosed park; home, dwelling, household; city -- CITY : <градъкъ> town, city, walled enclosure -- CIVIL : <деместиковъ> of the domesticus, relating to the domesticus (originally within Byzantine tradition a term denoting the leader of certain guard units; later a term applied to certain civil and ecclesiastica -- CLASP : <прѣгъбъ> (meaning unclear) a bending; a bending backward, vain glory, pomposity; a piece of cloth, decorative cloak with bejeweled clasp; cross-bench (of a Viking ship) -- CLASP : <сътѫга> (meaning unclear) a binding; clasp, buckle; fibula -- CLASSICAL : <Днѣпръ> Dnieper, (Russ.) Dnepr, (Belor.) Dnjapro, (Ukr.) Dnipro, (classical) Danapris (name of a river flowing into the Black Sea) -- CLEARLY : <вєльми> greatly, very; clearly -- CLOAK : <прѣгъбъ> (meaning unclear) a bending; a bending backward, vain glory, pomposity; a piece of cloth, decorative cloak with bejeweled clasp; cross-bench (of a Viking ship) -- CLOSE : <запрѣти, -прѫ, -прєши> close, shut -- CLOSE : <затворити, -рѭ, -риши> close, shut -- CLOSELY : <възрѣти, -зрѫ, -зриши> look closely at, gaze at; look up at (w. prep.) -- CLOTH : <платъкъ> cloth, garment -- CLOTH : <прѣгъбъ> (meaning unclear) a bending; a bending backward, vain glory, pomposity; a piece of cloth, decorative cloak with bejeweled clasp; cross-bench (of a Viking ship) -- CLOTHES : <одєжда> garment, clothing, clothes -- CLOTHES : <пъртꙑ> (pl.) dress, clothes, garments -- CLOTHING : <одєжда> garment, clothing, clothes -- COHORT : <плъкъ> crowd; people, population; cohort, troop -- COLLAR : <гривьна> collar, necklace -- COLLECT : <събьрати, -бєрѫ, -бєрєши> collect, gather -- COLLECT : <съвъкѹпити, -плѭ, -пиши> lead together, collect, gather -- COLLECT : <съвєсти, -зѫ, -зєши> bring together, collect, gather -- COLLECT : <сънѧти, съньмѫ, съньмєши> take away from, remove; go down, descend; lead down; (refl.) come together, collect, gather -- COLLECT : <съсѹти, съсъпѫ, съсъпєши> collect, heap up -- COLLECTIVE : <борьѥ> (usu. collective) pine; cypress; cedar; (any) tree; woods, forest -- COLLECTIVE : <братьꙗ> (collective) brothers, brethren -- COLLECTIVE : <весь> (collective) the Ves, Vepsians (a Finnish tribe between Lakes Ladoga and Belo-ozero) -- COLLECTIVE : <меря> (collective) the Merians (a Finnish tribe, in the region of Jaroslavl and Rostov, along the Volga river) -- COLLECTIVE : <рѹсь> (collective) the Rus, Rus' (a Scandinavian tribe); the land of the Rus, Russia -- COLLECTIVE : <чюдь> (collective) the Chuds (a Finnish tribe, in Estonia near Lake Peipus) -- COMB : <грєти, грєбѫ, грєбєши> scrape; comb; row; take the helm, steer (a ship) -- COME : <възвратити, -штѫ, -тиши> give back; (refl.) come back -- COME : <въсѣсти, -сѧдѫ, -сѧдєши> sit, sit down; come down -- COME : <приспѣти, -спѣѭ, -спѣѥши> come; approach, near; hasten -- COME : <пристати, -станѫ, -станєши> stand near; be near, be present; come, arrive -- COME : <пристѫпити, -пл҄ѭ, -пиши> come up to, step up -- COME : <прити, -идѫ, -идєши> come, arrive -- COME : <разѹмѣти, -ѣѭ, -ѣѥши> come to know, find out, know; understand -- COME : <съмирити, -рѭ, -риши> make peace; come together, unite; reconcile -- COME : <сънѧти, съньмѫ, съньмєши> take away from, remove; go down, descend; lead down; (refl.) come together, collect, gather -- COME : <ѹполѹчити сѧ, -чѫ сѧ, -чиши сѧ> be in the way, come upon, meet -- COMING : <коньць> a coming to pass, performance, consummation; highest or farthest point; end, limit, boundary; pivot, axis -- COMING : <съкѹпъ> a joining; a convening, a coming together -- COMMAND : <повєлѣти, -лѭ, -лиши> give a command, command -- COMMANDER : <водитєль> leader, commander -- COMMANDER : <воєвода> (military) commander, vojevoda -- COMMEMORATION : <тризна, трꙑзна> contest, prize; stadium; trench, track; funeral repast, commemoration of the dead -- COMMENCE : <почѧти, -чьнѫ, -чьнєши> begin, commence -- COMMEND : <прѣдати, -дамь, -даси> hand over, commend -- COMMIT : <дѣꙗти, дѣѭ, дѣѥши> do, commit -- COMPLETE : <съврьшити, -шѫ, -шиши> prepare, perfect, complete -- COMPLETE : <съконьчати, -чаѭ, -чѥши> complete, end, fulfill -- CONCEITED : <вєличати, -чаѭ, -чаѥши> raise; (refl.) be raised, be exalted, be elated, be conceited -- CONCERN : <брѣшти, брѣгѫ, брѣжєши> be an object of care or thought, be a concern; (with negation) have no care for, be neglectful of, be careless, be negligent; look down upon, despise -- CONCERNING : <о (об)> (w. loc.) around; about, concerning; for; by; (w. instr.) at, by, along; (w. acc.) against -- CONFIDENCE : <дръзновєньѥ> daring, audacity; trust, confidence, reliance -- CONFINED : <тѫжити, -жѫ, -жиши> shut in, drive, force, impel; be moved in a confined space; mourn -- CONQUER : <побѣдити, -ждѫ, -диши> conquer; fight, fight against; set in motion, hasten, incite; sally out -- CONSIDER : <размꙑслити, -шлѭ, -слиши> think, consider -- CONSIDER : <съдѹмати, -аѭ, -аѥши> deliberate, consider, take counsel -- CONSTANTINOPLE : <Цѣсарь Градъ> Byzantium, Constantinople (literally 'the Emperor's City') -- CONSUMMATION : <коньць> a coming to pass, performance, consummation; highest or farthest point; end, limit, boundary; pivot, axis -- CONTEST : <тризна, трꙑзна> contest, prize; stadium; trench, track; funeral repast, commemoration of the dead -- CONTRIVE : <примꙑслити, -шлѭ, -слиши> devise, contrive, invent; add to, increase -- CONTRIVE : <ѹмꙑслити, -шлѭ, -слиши> devise, contrive, invent -- CONVENING : <съкѹпъ> a joining; a convening, a coming together -- COOK : <възварити, -рѭ, -риши> cook -- COPIOUS : <обильнъ> copious, abundant, large -- CORN : <класъ> ear of corn -- CORNICE : <стрѣха> roof; projecting part of a wall, cornice, eaves -- CORRECTOR : <казатєль> corrector, reprover -- CORRUPTION : <пагѹба> capture; destruction, ruin; disease; corruption -- COST : <ѹрокъ> judgement; festival; expense, charge, cost; supply; payment; stipend -- COUCH : <гнѣздо> couch, bed; nest -- COUNSEL : <съдѹмати, -аѭ, -аѥши> deliberate, consider, take counsel -- COUNSELLOR : <съвѣтьникъ> counsellor -- COURT : <дворъ> court, courtyard; home, household -- COURTYARD : <дворъ> court, courtyard; home, household -- COVER : <засꙑпати, -плѭ, -плѥши> cover, cover over, hide, bury -- COVER : <посꙑпати, -плѭ, -плѥши> cover, cover over, hide, bury -- CROP : <пожѧти, -жьнѭ, -жьнѥши> mow, reap, cut off, gather, crop, harvest -- CROSS-BENCH : <прѣгъбъ> (meaning unclear) a bending; a bending backward, vain glory, pomposity; a piece of cloth, decorative cloak with bejeweled clasp; cross-bench (of a Viking ship) -- CROWD : <плъкъ> crowd; people, population; cohort, troop -- CROWN : <вѣньць> crown, diadem -- CRUSH : <съкрѹшити, -шѫ, -шиши> run together, shatter, crush; strike, smite, strike together -- CRY : <възъпити, -пиѭ, -пиѥши> cry out -- CRY : <звати, зовѫ, зовєши> cry out; call, summon -- CULTIVATE : <почьстити, -штѫ, -стиши> cultivate, care for, honor -- CUT : <исѣшти, сѣкѫ, сѣчєши> cut down; kill, slaughter -- CUT : <отъсѣкнѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> cut off -- CUT : <пожѧти, -жьнѭ, -жьнѥши> mow, reap, cut off, gather, crop, harvest -- CUT : <порѣзати, -заѭ, -заѥши> cut off (from life) -- CUT : <сѣшти, сѣкѫ, сѣчєши> cut down; scratch, carve; sacrifice, slaughter -- CYPRESS : <борьѥ> (usu. collective) pine; cypress; cedar; (any) tree; woods, forest -- DANAPRIS : <Днѣпръ> Dnieper, (Russ.) Dnepr, (Belor.) Dnjapro, (Ukr.) Dnipro, (classical) Danapris (name of a river flowing into the Black Sea) -- DANCE : <скакати, -чѫ, -чєши> dance; spring vigorously, to leap or jump up, exult, revel, boast -- DARING : <дръзновєньѥ> daring, audacity; trust, confidence, reliance -- DARK : <омрачати, -чаѭ, -чаѥши> grow dark, darken -- DARK : <съмръкнѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> grow dark, darken -- DARKEN : <омрачати, -чаѭ, -чаѥши> grow dark, darken -- DARKEN : <съмръкнѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> grow dark, darken -- DAWN : <ютро, ѹтро> dawn, daybreak; morning, morrow, tomorrow -- DAWN : <ѹранити, -нѭ, -ниши> make quickly, be quick, hasten, hurry; rise at dawn, rise early -- DAY : <дьнь> day -- DAY : <каланъди> (plural) calends, kalends, first day of the month -- DAYBREAK : <ютро, ѹтро> dawn, daybreak; morning, morrow, tomorrow -- DEAD : <тризна, трꙑзна> contest, prize; stadium; trench, track; funeral repast, commemoration of the dead -- DEAR : <драгъ> dear, precious -- DEAR : <любъ> dear; pleasing; choice, chosen -- DEATH : <съмрьть> death -- DECEITFUL : <прѣльстьнъ> deceitful, illusive, fraudful, flattering -- DECORATIVE : <прѣгъбъ> (meaning unclear) a bending; a bending backward, vain glory, pomposity; a piece of cloth, decorative cloak with bejeweled clasp; cross-bench (of a Viking ship) -- DEEM : <съподобити, -блѭ, -биши> deem worthy -- DEEP : <глѫбокъ> deep -- DEFEND : <мьштати, -таѭ, -таѥши> defend against, revenge, avenge -- DEFINE : <ѹставлꙗти, -ꙗѭ, -ꙗѥши> set, fix; put, place, prescribe, define; discern -- DEFINITION : <ѹставъ> end; boundary; rule; definition -- DEJECTED : <ѹмил҄єнъ> dejected, abject -- DELIBERATE : <съдѹмати, -аѭ, -аѥши> deliberate, consider, take counsel -- DEMAND : <просити, -шѫ, -сиши> ask, demand -- DENOTING : <деместиковъ> of the domesticus, relating to the domesticus (originally within Byzantine tradition a term denoting the leader of certain guard units; later a term applied to certain civil and ecclesiastica -- DENSE : <чѧстъ> dense -- DEPART : <отити, -идѫ, -идєши> go out, depart -- DEPRIVE : <обънажити, -жѫ, -жиши> uncover; strip, deprive; spread apart, expand -- DEPRIVE : <ѹсирити, -рѭ, -риши> deprive of parents, orphan; deprive (in general) -- DEREVA : <Дєрєвꙑ> Dereva (placename) -- DEREVA : <дрѣвлянинъ> Derevlian, from Dereva -- DEREVA : <дрѣвьскъ> of Dereva, related to Dereva, Derevlian -- DEREVLIAN : <дрѣвлянинъ> Derevlian, from Dereva -- DEREVLIAN : <дрѣвьскъ> of Dereva, related to Dereva, Derevlian -- DESCEND : <вълѣсти, -лѣзѫ, -лѣзєши> enter; descend (into) -- DESCEND : <сънѧти, съньмѫ, съньмєши> take away from, remove; go down, descend; lead down; (refl.) come together, collect, gather -- DESCENT : <варѧгъ> Varangian, of the Varangian tribe (name of a particular group of Scandinavians); bodyguard (of Viking descent, often applied to members of the Byzantine Emperor's personal guard) -- DESIRE : <въсхотѣти, -хоштѫ, -хоштєши> want, wish, desire -- DESIRE : <жєлати, -лаѭ, -лаѥши> desire, want, wish for -- DESIRE : <ѹнити, -нѭ, -ниши> want; desire; beg; prefer -- DESPAIR : <отъчаꙗти, -чаѭ, -чаѥши> give up hope, despair -- DESPISE : <брѣшти, брѣгѫ, брѣжєши> be an object of care or thought, be a concern; (with negation) have no care for, be neglectful of, be careless, be negligent; look down upon, despise -- DESPOTIC : <власть> rule, power, authority; despotic rule, tyranny -- DESTROY : <погѹбити, -блѭ, -биши> destroy -- DESTROYED : <изгꙑбати, -баѭ -блѭ, -баѥши -блѥши> perish, be destroyed -- DESTRUCTION : <пагѹба> capture; destruction, ruin; disease; corruption -- DEVICE : <чьсть> honor, rank, reverence, feast, device, pattern -- DEVIL : <диꙗволь> of the devil, belonging to the devil, diabolical -- DEVISE : <примꙑслити, -шлѭ, -слиши> devise, contrive, invent; add to, increase -- DEVISE : <ѹмꙑслити, -шлѭ, -слиши> devise, contrive, invent -- DIABOLICAL : <диꙗволь> of the devil, belonging to the devil, diabolical -- DIADEM : <вѣньць> crown, diadem -- DIE : <измрѣти, -мрѫ, -мрєши> die -- DIE : <омрътвѣти, -вѣѭ, -вѣѥши> die -- DIE : <ѹмрѣти, -рѫ, -рєши> die -- DIFFICULTY : <тѫга> distress, difficulty -- DIG : <ископати, -паѭ, -паѥши> dig, dig out, excavate -- DIR : <Диръ> Dir (Scandinavian name) -- DISCERN : <ѹставлꙗти, -ꙗѭ, -ꙗѥши> set, fix; put, place, prescribe, define; discern -- DISCORD : <ѫсобица> discord, strife, sedition -- DISEASE : <пагѹба> capture; destruction, ruin; disease; corruption -- DISTANCE : <зьрѣимо> visible horizon, distance of eyesight; short distance -- DISTRESS : <тѫга> distress, difficulty -- DISTRIBUTE : <раздаꙗти, -даѭ, -даѥши> distribute, give out -- DITCH : <гробъ> grave, ditch -- DITCH : <ровъ> ditch, hole -- DNEPR : <Днѣпръ> Dnieper, (Russ.) Dnepr, (Belor.) Dnjapro, (Ukr.) Dnipro, (classical) Danapris (name of a river flowing into the Black Sea) -- DNIEPER : <Днѣпръ> Dnieper, (Russ.) Dnepr, (Belor.) Dnjapro, (Ukr.) Dnipro, (classical) Danapris (name of a river flowing into the Black Sea) -- DNIEPER : <Смольньскъ> Smolensk (name of a city located along the Dnieper river) -- DNIEPER : <Смядина> Smjadina, Smiadina, Smyadina; Smjadin, Smiadin, Smjadyn, Smiadyn (name of a river, affluent of the Dnieper) -- DNIEPER : <польскъ> Poljan, Polian, Poljanian, Polianian, of the Poljan tribe (a Slavic tribe living along the Dnieper) -- DNIEPER : <полꙗнинъ> Polan, Polian, Polianian, of the Polianians (a Slavic tribe located along the Dnieper river) -- DNIPRO : <Днѣпръ> Dnieper, (Russ.) Dnepr, (Belor.) Dnjapro, (Ukr.) Dnipro, (classical) Danapris (name of a river flowing into the Black Sea) -- DNJAPRO : <Днѣпръ> Dnieper, (Russ.) Dnepr, (Belor.) Dnjapro, (Ukr.) Dnipro, (classical) Danapris (name of a river flowing into the Black Sea) -- DO : <дѣꙗти, дѣѭ, дѣѥши> do, commit -- DO : <насилити, -лѭ, -лиши> do violence to, force, oppress (w. dat.) -- DO : <сътворити, -рѭ, -риши> do, make -- DOMESTICUS : <деместиковъ> of the domesticus, relating to the domesticus (originally within Byzantine tradition a term denoting the leader of certain guard units; later a term applied to certain civil and ecclesiastica -- DONATE : <отъдаꙗти, -даѭ, -даѥши> donate, give, give as a give; give in exchange, give in return -- DOOR : <двьрь> door, front door, entrance -- DOOR : <ѹсть> door, gate, entrance, mouth -- DOVE : <голѫбь> dove, pigeon -- DOVECOTE : <голѫбникъ> dovecote, pigeon loft -- DOWN : <брѣшти, брѣгѫ, брѣжєши> be an object of care or thought, be a concern; (with negation) have no care for, be neglectful of, be careless, be negligent; look down upon, despise -- DOWN : <въсѣсти, -сѧдѫ, -сѧдєши> sit, sit down; come down -- DOWN : <испасти, -падѫ, -падєши> fall out, turn out, fall down, slip out, escape -- DOWN : <исѣшти, сѣкѫ, сѣчєши> cut down; kill, slaughter -- DOWN : <лєшти, лѧгѫ, лѧжєши> lie down, recline -- DOWN : <положити, -жѫ, -жиши> lay down, set down -- DOWN : <съ> (w. gen.) (down) from; (w. instr.) with -- DOWN : <сънѧти, съньмѫ, съньмєши> take away from, remove; go down, descend; lead down; (refl.) come together, collect, gather -- DOWN : <сѣсти, сѣдѫ, -дєши> sit down -- DOWN : <сѣшти, сѣкѫ, сѣчєши> cut down; scratch, carve; sacrifice, slaughter -- DRAG : <вєсти, вєдѫ, вєдєши> lead; lead off, lead away; carry; drag, draw -- DRAG : <повєсти, -зѫ, -зєши> tow, drag -- DRAW : <вєсти, вєдѫ, вєдєши> lead; lead off, lead away; carry; drag, draw -- DRESS : <пъртꙑ> (pl.) dress, clothes, garments -- DRESSED : <изодѣꙗти сѧ, -одѣѭ сѧ, -одѣѥши сѧ> be dressed up, be adorned -- DRINK : <пити, пиѭ, пиѥши> drink -- DRIVE : <изгнати, иждєнѫ, иждєнєши> cast out, cast away; drive out, drive away -- DRIVE : <тѫжити, -жѫ, -жиши> shut in, drive, force, impel; be moved in a confined space; mourn -- DRUNK : <ѹпити сѧ, -пьѭ, -пьѥши> become inebriated, get drunk -- DULL : <ѹтръпати, -аѭ, -аѥши> grow stiff or useless, become torpid, become listless or inactive, become dull -- DWELLING : <градъ> walled structure, walled fortification; garden, enclosed park; home, dwelling, household; city -- EAGER : <ѹстрьмити сѧ, -млѭ, -миши> hasten, rush; be eager -- EAR : <класъ> ear of corn -- EAR : <ѹхо, ѹшєсє> ear -- EARLY : <ѹранити, -нѭ, -ниши> make quickly, be quick, hasten, hurry; rise at dawn, rise early -- EARTH : <зємл҄ꙗ> earth, land -- EASILY : <льгъко> easily -- EAST : <готинъ> Goth, Gothic, of the Goths (likely the inhabitants of Gotland, not the East Germanic tribe) -- EAVES : <стрѣха> roof; projecting part of a wall, cornice, eaves -- ECCLESIASTICAL : <деместиковъ> of the domesticus, relating to the domesticus (originally within Byzantine tradition a term denoting the leader of certain guard units; later a term applied to certain civil and ecclesiastica -- EIGHT : <и> eight -- ELATED : <вєличати, -чаѭ, -чаѥши> raise; (refl.) be raised, be exalted, be elated, be conceited -- ELECT : <избрати, -бєрѫ, -бєрєши> elect, select, choose -- EMBRACE : <цѣлованьѥ> salutation, greeting, embrace -- EMERGE : <въскланꙗти, -нꙗѭ, -нꙗѥши> recline; emerge, bring forth, raise up -- EMIT : <испѹстити, -штѫ, -стиши> loose, free; send forth, send out, send away, emit -- EMPEROR : <Цѣсарь Градъ> Byzantium, Constantinople (literally 'the Emperor's City') -- EMPEROR : <варѧгъ> Varangian, of the Varangian tribe (name of a particular group of Scandinavians); bodyguard (of Viking descent, often applied to members of the Byzantine Emperor's personal guard) -- ENCAMPING : <досѣдѣти, -ждѫ, -диши> bring about by sitting, achieve through encamping or remaining in the field -- ENCLOSED : <градъ> walled structure, walled fortification; garden, enclosed park; home, dwelling, household; city -- ENCLOSURE : <градъкъ> town, city, walled enclosure -- END : <коньць> a coming to pass, performance, consummation; highest or farthest point; end, limit, boundary; pivot, axis -- END : <съконьчати, -чаѭ, -чѥши> complete, end, fulfill -- END : <ѹставъ> end; boundary; rule; definition -- ENEMY : <врагъ> enemy -- ENTER : <въвадити, -важдѫ, -вадиши> join; (refl.) introduce oneself, enter -- ENTER : <вълѣсти, -лѣзѫ, -лѣзєши> enter; descend (into) -- ENTER : <вънити, -идѫ, -идєши> go into, enter -- ENTERTAIN : <вєсєлити, -л҄ѭ, -лиши> entertain; (refl.) rejoice -- ENTRANCE : <двьрь> door, front door, entrance -- ENTRANCE : <ѹсть> door, gate, entrance, mouth -- ENVELOP : <обрътѣти, -штѫ, -тиши> wrap up, envelop, involve; return -- ESCAPE : <испасти, -падѫ, -падєши> fall out, turn out, fall down, slip out, escape -- ESTABLISH : <ставити, -влѭ, -виши> set, establish -- ESTABLISH : <съдѣлати, -аѭ, -аѥши> found, establish; work, build -- ESTABLISHED : <нарочитъ> established, well established, noteworthy, notable, noble -- ESTONIA : <чюдь> (collective) the Chuds (a Finnish tribe, in Estonia near Lake Peipus) -- EVEN : <и> and; also, too, even -- EVEN : <пачє> more, even more -- EVEN : <равьнъ> level, even -- EVERY : <вьсь> all, every; whole -- EVERY : <къждо> every, everyone -- EVERYONE : <къждо> every, everyone -- EVIL : <зълъ> evil, bad -- EXALTED : <вєличати, -чаѭ, -чаѥши> raise; (refl.) be raised, be exalted, be elated, be conceited -- EXCAVATE : <ископати, -паѭ, -паѥши> dig, dig out, excavate -- EXCHANGE : <отъдаꙗти, -даѭ, -даѥши> donate, give, give as a give; give in exchange, give in return -- EXCLAMATORY : <о> (vocative particle followed by voc. or nom.) o!; (exclamatory particle followed by nom. or gen., less often dat.) oh! -- EXCUSABLE : <милъ> wretched, pitiable; excusable -- EXHAUSTED : <изнємошти, -могѫ, -можєши> be unable; be weak; become wearied, be exhausted -- EXPAND : <обънажити, -жѫ, -жиши> uncover; strip, deprive; spread apart, expand -- EXPECT : <чаꙗти, чаѭ, чаѥши> hope; expect -- EXPENSE : <ѹрокъ> judgement; festival; expense, charge, cost; supply; payment; stipend -- EXTEND : <простирати, -аѭ, -аѥши> extend -- EXTENT : <на> (w. acc.) onto, against, for, to the extent; (w. loc.) on, at -- EXTINGUISH : <гасити, -шѫ, -сиши> extinguish, put out -- EXULT : <скакати, -чѫ, -чєши> dance; spring vigorously, to leap or jump up, exult, revel, boast -- EYE : <око> eye -- EYESIGHT : <зьрѣимо> visible horizon, distance of eyesight; short distance -- FACE : <лицє> face, form -- FALL : <испасти, -падѫ, -падєши> fall out, turn out, fall down, slip out, escape -- FALL : <съпасти, -дѫ, -дєши> fall; fall together -- FALL : <ѹсънѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> fall asleep -- FAME : <вѣсть> announcement, report; rumor; fame -- FAME : <слава> fame, glory -- FAMINE : <гладъ> hunger, famine -- FAR : <кромѣ> (adv., prep. w. gen.) outside, far away, on the side, against -- FARTHEST : <коньць> a coming to pass, performance, consummation; highest or farthest point; end, limit, boundary; pivot, axis -- FASTEN : <повьрзꙑвати, -ваѭ, -ваѥши> tie, bind; fasten, attach -- FASTEN : <потъкнѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> stick in or on, fix in or on, fasten together, bind; set up, prop up; strike -- FASTEN : <привѧзꙑвати, -зѹѭ, -зѹѥши> fasten, bind -- FATHER : <отьнь> (poss. adj.) of the father, father's -- FATHER : <отьць> father -- FEAR : <ѹбоꙗти сѧ, -боѭ сѧ, -боиши сѧ> fear, become afraid -- FEAST : <чьсть> honor, rank, reverence, feast, device, pattern -- FEED : <распасти, -сѫ, -сєши> pasture, feed -- FESTIVAL : <ѹрокъ> judgement; festival; expense, charge, cost; supply; payment; stipend -- FIBULA : <сътѫга> (meaning unclear) a binding; clasp, buckle; fibula -- FIELD : <досѣдѣти, -ждѫ, -диши> bring about by sitting, achieve through encamping or remaining in the field -- FIELD : <н҄ива> field, ground -- FIFTY : <н> fifty -- FIGHT : <брати, борѭ, борѥши> fight -- FIGHT : <воѥвати, воюѭ, воюѥши> fight, wage war -- FIGHT : <побѣдити, -ждѫ, -диши> conquer; fight, fight against; set in motion, hasten, incite; sally out -- FIGHTER : <вой> fighter; (pl.) troops, army -- FIGHTER : <храбръ> (m.) fighter, soldier; (adj.) strong -- FINALLY : <прочєѥ> therefore, but, finally; afterward -- FIND : <разѹмѣти, -ѣѭ, -ѣѥши> come to know, find out, know; understand -- FIND : <ѹслꙑшати, -шѫ, -шиши> hear, find out -- FINNISH : <весь> (collective) the Ves, Vepsians (a Finnish tribe between Lakes Ladoga and Belo-ozero) -- FINNISH : <меря> (collective) the Merians (a Finnish tribe, in the region of Jaroslavl and Rostov, along the Volga river) -- FINNISH : <мурома> the Muroma (a Finnish tribe inhabiting the region along the Oka river) -- FINNISH : <чюдь> (collective) the Chuds (a Finnish tribe, in Estonia near Lake Peipus) -- FIRE : <зажєшти, -жєгѫ, -жєжєши> set on fire, ignite, burn -- FIRE : <пожєшти, -гѫ, -жєши> set on fire, kindle, ignite -- FIRST : <каланъди> (plural) calends, kalends, first day of the month -- FIRST : <пръвъ> first -- FIVE : <є> five; five thousand -- FIX : <потъкнѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> stick in or on, fix in or on, fasten together, bind; set up, prop up; strike -- FIX : <ѹставлꙗти, -ꙗѭ, -ꙗѥши> set, fix; put, place, prescribe, define; discern -- FLATTERING : <прѣльстьнъ> deceitful, illusive, fraudful, flattering -- FLEE : <побѣгнѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> flee, take flight -- FLIGHT : <побѣгнѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> flee, take flight -- FLOW : <плѹти, пловѫ, пловєши> flow; navigate, sail -- FLOW : <тєшти, тєкѫ, тєчєши> run, rush, flow; follow, pursue -- FLOWING : <Волга> Volga, (Turkic) Itil, Atil (name of a river flowing into the Caspian Sea) -- FLOWING : <Днѣпръ> Dnieper, (Russ.) Dnepr, (Belor.) Dnjapro, (Ukr.) Dnipro, (classical) Danapris (name of a river flowing into the Black Sea) -- FLY : <лєтѣти, -штѫ, -тиши> fly; run -- FLY : <полєтѣти, -штѫ, -тиши> fly -- FOLLOW : <състигнѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> follow, pursue, catch up with, overtake, obtain, procure -- FOLLOW : <тєшти, тєкѫ, тєчєши> run, rush, flow; follow, pursue -- FOLLOWED : <о> (vocative particle followed by voc. or nom.) o!; (exclamatory particle followed by nom. or gen., less often dat.) oh! -- FOLLOWING : <въторꙑи, -роѥ, -раꙗ> second, following -- FOLLOWING : <по> (w. dat.) on, about (motion on surface); (w. acc.) on, after, on account of; (w. loc.) after, following, for -- FOOT : <нога> foot -- FOOT : <пѣшь> on foot, foot-borne, standing -- FOOT-BORNE : <пѣшь> on foot, foot-borne, standing -- FOR : <бо> for -- FORCE : <насилити, -лѭ, -лиши> do violence to, force, oppress (w. dat.) -- FORCE : <тѫжити, -жѫ, -жиши> shut in, drive, force, impel; be moved in a confined space; mourn -- FORCED : <слѹжьба> service, forced service, slavery; liturgy; ministry -- FOREST : <борьѥ> (usu. collective) pine; cypress; cedar; (any) tree; woods, forest -- FORGET : <оставити, -вл҄ѭ, -виши> let, leave, neglect, forget -- FORM : <лицє> face, form -- FORTH : <въскланꙗти, -нꙗѭ, -нꙗѥши> recline; emerge, bring forth, raise up -- FORTH : <испѹстити, -штѫ, -стиши> loose, free; send forth, send out, send away, emit -- FORTIFICATION : <градъ> walled structure, walled fortification; garden, enclosed park; home, dwelling, household; city -- FOUND : <съдѣлати, -аѭ, -аѥши> found, establish; work, build -- FOUNDATION : <подольѥ> valley, vale; base, foundation -- FOUNDER : <Кꙑи> Kyi, Kii (legendary founder of Kiev) -- FOUR : <д> four -- FOUR : <у> four hundred -- FRACTURE : <наломити, -млѭ, -миши> break, fracture -- FRAUDFUL : <прѣльстьнъ> deceitful, illusive, fraudful, flattering -- FREE : <испѹстити, -штѫ, -стиши> loose, free; send forth, send out, send away, emit -- FREE : <отъпѹстити, -штѫ, -стиши> allow, let, free; send (away) -- FREE : <платити, -штѫ, -тиши> loose, free, set free, pay -- FREE : <пѹстити, -штѫ, -стиши> allow, let, free; send (away) -- FREQ. : <владѣти, -дѣѭ, -дѣѥши> (freq. w. instr.) rule, rule over, hold power (over) -- FREQ. : <обладати, -даѭ, -даѥши> (freq. w. instr.) rule, rule (over), lead, reign -- FRONT : <двьрь> door, front door, entrance -- FRONT : <прѣдъ> (w. acc. or instr.) before, in front of -- FRUIT : <плодъ> fruit -- FULFILL : <съконьчати, -чаѭ, -чѥши> complete, end, fulfill -- FUNERAL : <тризна, трꙑзна> contest, prize; stadium; trench, track; funeral repast, commemoration of the dead -- FURIOUS : <нєистовити сѧ, -влѭ сѧ, -виши сѧ> be mad, be furious -- GAIN : <испросити, -жѫ, -сиши> seek, search (for); gain by asking -- GARDEN : <градъ> walled structure, walled fortification; garden, enclosed park; home, dwelling, household; city -- GARMENT : <одєжда> garment, clothing, clothes -- GARMENT : <платъкъ> cloth, garment -- GARMENTS : <пъртꙑ> (pl.) dress, clothes, garments -- GATE : <ѹсть> door, gate, entrance, mouth -- GATHER : <пожѧти, -жьнѭ, -жьнѥши> mow, reap, cut off, gather, crop, harvest -- GATHER : <събьрати, -бєрѫ, -бєрєши> collect, gather -- GATHER : <съвъкѹпити, -плѭ, -пиши> lead together, collect, gather -- GATHER : <съвєсти, -зѫ, -зєши> bring together, collect, gather -- GATHER : <сънѧти, съньмѫ, съньмєши> take away from, remove; go down, descend; lead down; (refl.) come together, collect, gather -- GAZE : <възрѣти, -зрѫ, -зриши> look closely at, gaze at; look up at (w. prep.) -- GEN. : <бєз (бєс, бє)> (w. gen.) without -- GEN. : <внѣ> (w. gen.) outside (of) -- GEN. : <въздолѣ> (w. gen.) below, at the bottom of -- GEN. : <до> (w. gen.) to, up to; (with numerals) about -- GEN. : <за> (w. acc.) after, by, because of, for; (w. instr.) behind; (w. gen.) because of -- GEN. : <из> (w. gen.) from, out of -- GEN. : <кромѣ> (adv., prep. w. gen.) outside, far away, on the side, against -- GEN. : <о> (vocative particle followed by voc. or nom.) o!; (exclamatory particle followed by nom. or gen., less often dat.) oh! -- GEN. : <окрѫгъ> (adv., prep. w. gen.) around, near -- GEN. : <отъ> (w. gen.) of, from; by -- GEN. : <ради> (w. gen.) for, for the sake of, because of -- GEN. : <съ> (w. gen.) (down) from; (w. instr.) with -- GEN. : <ѹ> (w. gen.) near, at, by -- GENERAL : <ѹсирити, -рѭ, -риши> deprive of parents, orphan; deprive (in general) -- GENERATION : <плємѧ> seed; sprout, shoot; generation; breed, species, type; tribe, group -- GENERATION : <родъ> race, kind, sort; generation; birth -- GEORGE : <Гюрги> Georgias, George -- GEORGIAS : <Гюрги> Georgias, George -- GERMANIC : <аглянє, анъглянє> (pl.) the Angles (a Western Germanic tribe) -- GERMANIC : <готинъ> Goth, Gothic, of the Goths (likely the inhabitants of Gotland, not the East Germanic tribe) -- GET : <добꙑти, -бѫдѫ, -бѫдєши> get, attain -- GET : <ѹпити сѧ, -пьѭ, -пьѥши> become inebriated, get drunk -- GIVE : <възвратити, -штѫ, -тиши> give back; (refl.) come back -- GIVE : <дати, дамь, даси> give -- GIVE : <даꙗти, даѭ, даѥши> give, provide -- GIVE : <отъдаꙗти, -даѭ, -даѥши> donate, give, give as a give; give in exchange, give in return -- GIVE : <отъчаꙗти, -чаѭ, -чаѥши> give up hope, despair -- GIVE : <повєлѣти, -лѭ, -лиши> give a command, command -- GIVE : <раздаꙗти, -даѭ, -даѥши> distribute, give out -- GLAD : <радъ> glad, happy -- GLEB : <Борисъ> Boris (name of a prince, brother of Svjatopolk, Jaroslav, Gleb, and Predslava) -- GLEB : <Глѣбъ> Gleb (name of a prince, brother of Svjatoslav, Jaroslav, Boris and Predslava) -- GLEB : <Прѣдъслава> Peredslava, Predslava (name of a princess, sister of Svjatopolk, Jaroslav, Boris, and Gleb) -- GLEB : <Свѧтоплъкъ> Svjatopolk, Svyatopolk, Sviatopolk (name of a prince, brother of Jaroslav, Boris, Gleb, and Predslava) -- GLEB : <Ярославъ> Jaroslav, Yaroslav (name of a prince, brother of Svjatopolk, Boris, Gleb, and Predslava) -- GLEB : <Ярославъ> Jaroslav, Yaroslav (name of the brother of Svjatoslav, Boris, Gleb, and Predslava) -- GLISTEN : <бльштати сѧ, -штѫ сѧ, -штиши сѧ> shine, glisten; shine, be bright -- GLORY : <прѣгъбъ> (meaning unclear) a bending; a bending backward, vain glory, pomposity; a piece of cloth, decorative cloak with bejeweled clasp; cross-bench (of a Viking ship) -- GLORY : <слава> fame, glory -- GO : <вънити, -идѫ, -идєши> go into, enter -- GO : <изити, -идѫ, -идєши> go out -- GO : <ити, идѫ, идєши> go -- GO : <отити, -идѫ, -идєши> go out, depart -- GO : <поити, -идѫ, -идєши> go, set out; go back, return -- GO : <походити, -ждѫ, -диши> go, go around -- GO : <сънѧти, съньмѫ, съньмєши> take away from, remove; go down, descend; lead down; (refl.) come together, collect, gather -- GO : <ходити, -ждѫ, -диши> walk, go -- GO : <ꙗхати (ꙗд-), -хаѭ, -хаѥши> be carried, ride, go -- GOD : <богородица> mother of God -- GOD : <богъ> god -- GOOD : <добръ> good -- GOODNESS : <доброта> goodness; beauty; virtue -- GORDJATA : <гордꙗтинъ> of Gordjata, of Gordyata -- GORDYATA : <гордꙗтинъ> of Gordjata, of Gordyata -- GOTH : <готинъ> Goth, Gothic, of the Goths (likely the inhabitants of Gotland, not the East Germanic tribe) -- GOTHIC : <готинъ> Goth, Gothic, of the Goths (likely the inhabitants of Gotland, not the East Germanic tribe) -- GOTHS : <готинъ> Goth, Gothic, of the Goths (likely the inhabitants of Gotland, not the East Germanic tribe) -- GOTLAND : <готинъ> Goth, Gothic, of the Goths (likely the inhabitants of Gotland, not the East Germanic tribe) -- GRACE : <милость> grace, loving kindness -- GRACE : <обрадовати, -дѹѭ, -дѹѥши> show grace; rejoice, be merry -- GRAPE-VINE : <лоза> twig, branch; grape-vine -- GRAVE : <гробъ> grave, ditch -- GRAVE : <могꙑла> grave, tomb, burial mound -- GRAVE : <тѧжькъ> grave; burdensome; savage; intolerable -- GREAT : <вєликъ> big, large, great -- GREATLY : <вєльми> greatly, very; clearly -- GREATNESS : <вєличьѥ> greatness, pride -- GREETING : <поклонъ> bow; worship; salutation, greeting -- GREETING : <цѣлованьѥ> salutation, greeting, embrace -- GROAN : <въздъхнѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> groan, sigh -- GROAN : <въздꙑханьѥ> respiration, breathing; sigh, groan -- GROAN : <стєнати, -нѭ, -нѥши> groan, moan -- GROUND : <н҄ива> field, ground -- GROUP : <варѧгъ> Varangian, of the Varangian tribe (name of a particular group of Scandinavians); bodyguard (of Viking descent, often applied to members of the Byzantine Emperor's personal guard) -- GROUP : <плємѧ> seed; sprout, shoot; generation; breed, species, type; tribe, group -- GROW : <въздрасти, -стѫ, -стєши> be nourished, grow -- GROW : <омрачати, -чаѭ, -чаѥши> grow dark, darken -- GROW : <съмръкнѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> grow dark, darken -- GROW : <ѹтръпати, -аѭ, -аѥши> grow stiff or useless, become torpid, become listless or inactive, become dull -- GUARD : <варѧгъ> Varangian, of the Varangian tribe (name of a particular group of Scandinavians); bodyguard (of Viking descent, often applied to members of the Byzantine Emperor's personal guard) -- GUARD : <деместиковъ> of the domesticus, relating to the domesticus (originally within Byzantine tradition a term denoting the leader of certain guard units; later a term applied to certain civil and ecclesiastica -- GUEST : <гость> guest -- HALF : <полъ, полѹ> side, bank, shore; sex; half -- HAND : <прѣдати, -дамь, -даси> hand over, commend -- HAND : <рѫка> hand -- HAPPY : <въздрадовати сѧ, -дѹѭ сѧ, -дѹѥши сѧ> be happy, rejoice -- HAPPY : <радъ> glad, happy -- HARVEST : <пожѧти, -жьнѭ, -жьнѥши> mow, reap, cut off, gather, crop, harvest -- HASTE : <оторопъ> hurry, haste -- HASTEN : <побѣдити, -ждѫ, -диши> conquer; fight, fight against; set in motion, hasten, incite; sally out -- HASTEN : <приспѣти, -спѣѭ, -спѣѥши> come; approach, near; hasten -- HASTEN : <ѹранити, -нѭ, -ниши> make quickly, be quick, hasten, hurry; rise at dawn, rise early -- HASTEN : <ѹстрьмити сѧ, -млѭ, -миши> hasten, rush; be eager -- HAUGHTY : <гръдити сѧ, -ждѫ, -диши> be haughty, be arrogant -- HAVE : <брѣшти, брѣгѫ, брѣжєши> be an object of care or thought, be a concern; (with negation) have no care for, be neglectful of, be careless, be negligent; look down upon, despise -- HAVE : <дръжати, -жѫ, -жиши> hold, have power over, rule -- HAVE : <имѣти, имамь, имаши> have, hold -- HAVE : <имѣти, имѣѭ, имѣѥши> have, possess -- HAVE : <кнѧжити, -жѫ, -жиши> rule, be king, have power -- HAVE : <носити, -шѫ, -сиши> carry; have -- HAVE : <помиловати, -лѹѭ, -лѹѥши> pity, have mercy on -- HAVING : <имѣньє> having, possession, property -- HE : <*и> he -- HEAD : <глава> head; chapter -- HEALTHY : <крѣпъкъ> (adj.) healthy, strong, powerful; (adv.) strenuously, vigorously -- HEALTHY : <съдравити, -влѭ, -виши> be healthy, be strong -- HEAP : <съсѹти, съсъпѫ, съсъпєши> collect, heap up -- HEAR : <послѹшати, -аѭ, -аѥши> hear, listen -- HEAR : <слꙑшати, -шѫ, -шиши> hear -- HEAR : <ѹслꙑшати, -шѫ, -шиши> hear, find out -- HEART : <срьдьцє> heart -- HEART : <стръдьчинъ> of the heart, related to the heart, heart's -- HEARTH : <дꙑмъ> smoke; hearth, home -- HEAVEN : <нєбо> heaven, sky -- HELGA : <Ольга> Olga, Helga (Scandinavian name) -- HELM : <грєти, грєбѫ, грєбєши> scrape; comb; row; take the helm, steer (a ship) -- HERD : <стадо> herd -- HERE : <сѣмо> to here, here -- HIDE : <засꙑпати, -плѭ, -плѥши> cover, cover over, hide, bury -- HIDE : <посꙑпати, -плѭ, -плѥши> cover, cover over, hide, bury -- HIDE : <скора> bark, shell; pine; skin, hide, pelt, leather -- HIGHEST : <коньць> a coming to pass, performance, consummation; highest or farthest point; end, limit, boundary; pivot, axis -- HOLD : <владѣти, -дѣѭ, -дѣѥши> (freq. w. instr.) rule, rule over, hold power (over) -- HOLD : <дръжати, -жѫ, -жиши> hold, have power over, rule -- HOLD : <имѣти, имамь, имаши> have, hold -- HOLE : <ровъ> ditch, hole -- HOLE : <ꙗма> pit, hole -- HOLY : <свѧтъ> holy, blessed -- HOME : <градъ> walled structure, walled fortification; garden, enclosed park; home, dwelling, household; city -- HOME : <дворъ> court, courtyard; home, household -- HOME : <дꙑмъ> smoke; hearth, home -- HOME : <трѣмъ> tower, castle; home, residence -- HONEY : <мєдъ, мєдѹ> honey -- HONOR : <почьстити, -штѫ, -стиши> cultivate, care for, honor -- HONOR : <чьсть> honor, rank, reverence, feast, device, pattern -- HOPE : <отъчаꙗти, -чаѭ, -чаѥши> give up hope, despair -- HOPE : <чаꙗти, чаѭ, чаѥши> hope; expect -- HORIZON : <зьрѣимо> visible horizon, distance of eyesight; short distance -- HORSE : <конь> horse -- HOSTILE : <братонєвавидьникъ> hostile to one's brother -- HOUSE : <домъ> house -- HOUSE : <клѣть> house; household; basement, cellar; shed -- HOUSEHOLD : <градъ> walled structure, walled fortification; garden, enclosed park; home, dwelling, household; city -- HOUSEHOLD : <дворъ> court, courtyard; home, household -- HOUSEHOLD : <клѣть> house; household; basement, cellar; shed -- HOW : <како> how, how is it that -- HOW : <ѥликъ> how much, how many; as much, as many -- HOWEVER : <идє> where; since; however -- HROEREKR : <Рюрикъ> Rjurik, Ryurik, Rurik, Hroerekr (Scandinavian name) -- HUMBLE : <съмѣрити, -рѭ, -риши> lower, reduce, lessen, humble, abase -- HUMILITY : <съмѣр҄єньѥ> humility; retinue -- HUNDRED : <т> three hundred -- HUNDRED : <у> four hundred -- HUNGER : <гладъ> hunger, famine -- HURRY : <оторопъ> hurry, haste -- HURRY : <ѹранити, -нѭ, -ниши> make quickly, be quick, hasten, hurry; rise at dawn, rise early -- HUSBAND : <мѫжь> man, husband -- HUT : <истъбъка> tent, hut; bathhouse -- IF : <а> and, but; if -- IF : <аштє> if, whether -- IF : <ѥда> if, if only, would that; that not, lest; unless, otherwise -- IGNITE : <зажєшти, -жєгѫ, -жєжєши> set on fire, ignite, burn -- IGNITE : <пожєшти, -гѫ, -жєши> set on fire, kindle, ignite -- IGOR : <Игорь> Igor, Ingvar (Scandinavian name) -- IGOR : <игорєвъ> of Igor, Igor's, relating to Igor -- ILLUSIVE : <прѣльстьнъ> deceitful, illusive, fraudful, flattering -- ILMEN : <словѣнинъ> Slovene, of the Slovene tribe (located on Lake Ilmen near Novgorod) -- IMMIGRANT : <насєльникъ> inhabitant, resident; native; immigrant -- IMPEL : <тѫжити, -жѫ, -жиши> shut in, drive, force, impel; be moved in a confined space; mourn -- IMPOSE : <възложити, -жѫ, -жиши> throw upon, cast upon; impose -- INACTIVE : <ѹтръпати, -аѭ, -аѥши> grow stiff or useless, become torpid, become listless or inactive, become dull -- INCITE : <побѣдити, -ждѫ, -диши> conquer; fight, fight against; set in motion, hasten, incite; sally out -- INCREASE : <примꙑслити, -шлѭ, -слиши> devise, contrive, invent; add to, increase -- INDEED : <ти> and; but; (added to adverbs) indeed -- INEBRIATED : <ѹпити сѧ, -пьѭ, -пьѥши> become inebriated, get drunk -- INFANT : <дѣтѧ> infant; breast, teat; child -- INFANTS : <дѣть> children; (often pl.) infants, children -- INGVAR : <Игорь> Igor, Ingvar (Scandinavian name) -- INHABITANT : <насєльникъ> inhabitant, resident; native; immigrant -- INHABITANTS : <готинъ> Goth, Gothic, of the Goths (likely the inhabitants of Gotland, not the East Germanic tribe) -- INHABITING : <мурома> the Muroma (a Finnish tribe inhabiting the region along the Oka river) -- INJURE : <пробости, -дѫ, -дєши> wound, injure -- INJURY : <обида> injustice, outrage, injury -- INJUSTICE : <обида> injustice, outrage, injury -- INNOCENCE : <бєзлобьѥ> innocence -- INSTR. : <владѣти, -дѣѭ, -дѣѥши> (freq. w. instr.) rule, rule over, hold power (over) -- INSTR. : <за> (w. acc.) after, by, because of, for; (w. instr.) behind; (w. gen.) because of -- INSTR. : <надъ> (w. acc. or instr.) over, above -- INSTR. : <о (об)> (w. loc.) around; about, concerning; for; by; (w. instr.) at, by, along; (w. acc.) against -- INSTR. : <обладати, -даѭ, -даѥши> (freq. w. instr.) rule, rule (over), lead, reign -- INSTR. : <подъ> (w. acc.) under, below (object of motion); (w. instr.) under, below (location) -- INSTR. : <прѣдъ> (w. acc. or instr.) before, in front of -- INSTR. : <съ> (w. gen.) (down) from; (w. instr.) with -- INSTRUCT : <наказати, -заѭ, -заѥши> chastise; instruct; admonish, warn -- INTELLECT : <ѹмъ> mind, reason, intellect -- INTERROGATE : <ѹпросити, -шѫ, -сиши> ask, interrogate, question -- INTO : <Волга> Volga, (Turkic) Itil, Atil (name of a river flowing into the Caspian Sea) -- INTO : <Днѣпръ> Dnieper, (Russ.) Dnepr, (Belor.) Dnjapro, (Ukr.) Dnipro, (classical) Danapris (name of a river flowing into the Black Sea) -- INTO : <въ> (w. loc.) in; (w. acc.) into -- INTO : <вълѣсти, -лѣзѫ, -лѣзєши> enter; descend (into) -- INTO : <вънити, -идѫ, -идєши> go into, enter -- INTOLERABLE : <тѧжькъ> grave; burdensome; savage; intolerable -- INTRODUCE : <въвадити, -важдѫ, -вадиши> join; (refl.) introduce oneself, enter -- INTRODUCES : <ꙗко> as, when; in order to; that; because; (introduces quotation) -- INVADER : <ноходьникъ> invader -- INVENT : <примꙑслити, -шлѭ, -слиши> devise, contrive, invent; add to, increase -- INVENT : <ѹмꙑслити, -шлѭ, -слиши> devise, contrive, invent -- INVOLVE : <обрътѣти, -штѫ, -тиши> wrap up, envelop, involve; return -- ISKOROSTEN : <Искоростѣнь> Iskorosten (name of a city) -- IT : <како> how, how is it that -- ITIL : <Волга> Volga, (Turkic) Itil, Atil (name of a river flowing into the Caspian Sea) -- IZBORSK : <Изборьскъ> Izborsk -- JAROSLAV : <Борисъ> Boris (name of a prince, brother of Svjatopolk, Jaroslav, Gleb, and Predslava) -- JAROSLAV : <Глѣбъ> Gleb (name of a prince, brother of Svjatoslav, Jaroslav, Boris and Predslava) -- JAROSLAV : <Прѣдъслава> Peredslava, Predslava (name of a princess, sister of Svjatopolk, Jaroslav, Boris, and Gleb) -- JAROSLAV : <Свѧтоплъкъ> Svjatopolk, Svyatopolk, Sviatopolk (name of a prince, brother of Jaroslav, Boris, Gleb, and Predslava) -- JAROSLAV : <Ярославъ> Jaroslav, Yaroslav (name of a prince, brother of Svjatopolk, Boris, Gleb, and Predslava) -- JAROSLAV : <Ярославъ> Jaroslav, Yaroslav (name of the brother of Svjatoslav, Boris, Gleb, and Predslava) -- JAROSLAVL : <меря> (collective) the Merians (a Finnish tribe, in the region of Jaroslavl and Rostov, along the Volga river) -- JOIN : <въвадити, -важдѫ, -вадиши> join; (refl.) introduce oneself, enter -- JOINING : <съкѹпъ> a joining; a convening, a coming together -- JUDGE : <сѫдити, -ждѫ, -диши> judge, adjudicate -- JUDGEMENT : <ѹрокъ> judgement; festival; expense, charge, cost; supply; payment; stipend -- JULY : <июлии, июль> (the month of) July -- JUMP : <скакати, -чѫ, -чєши> dance; spring vigorously, to leap or jump up, exult, revel, boast -- JUST : <правъ> just, right, proper -- JUSTICE : <правьда> justice -- KALENDS : <каланъди> (plural) calends, kalends, first day of the month -- KHAZAR : <козаринъ> Khazar, of the Khazars (a Turkic tribe located along the Volga) -- KHAZARS : <козаринъ> Khazar, of the Khazars (a Turkic tribe located along the Volga) -- KHORIV : <Хоривъ> Khoriv, Xoriv (brother of Kyi) -- KIEV : <Кыѥвъ> Kiev, Kyiv -- KIEV : <Кꙑи> Kyi, Kii (legendary founder of Kiev) -- KIEV : <Кꙑєвъ> Kiev, Kyiv (name of a city) -- KIEV : <боричєвъ> of Boris, relating to Boris; (subst. m.) the Borichev (a trail between upper and lower reaches of Kiev) -- KIEV : <кыѥвьскъ> of Kiev, of Kyiv, Kievan -- KIEV : <кꙑꙗнинъ> of Kiev, of Kyiv, Kievan -- KIEVAN : <кыѥвьскъ> of Kiev, of Kyiv, Kievan -- KIEVAN : <кꙑꙗнинъ> of Kiev, of Kyiv, Kievan -- KII : <Кꙑи> Kyi, Kii (legendary founder of Kiev) -- KILL : <избити, -биѭ, -биѥши> kill -- KILL : <исѣшти, сѣкѫ, сѣчєши> cut down; kill, slaughter -- KILL : <ѹбити, -биѭ, -биѥши> kill -- KILLING : <ѹбийство> killing, murder -- KIND : <родъ> race, kind, sort; generation; birth -- KINDLE : <пожєшти, -гѫ, -жєши> set on fire, kindle, ignite -- KINDNESS : <милость> grace, loving kindness -- KING : <кнѧжити, -жѫ, -жиши> rule, be king, have power -- KITCHEN : <вѣжа> cellar for storage; kitchen; tent -- KNOW : <вѣдѣти, вѣмь, вѣси> see, know -- KNOW : <познати, -аѭ, -аѥши> know -- KNOW : <разѹмѣти, -ѣѭ, -ѣѥши> come to know, find out, know; understand -- KNOW : <ѹвѣдѣти, -вѣмь, -вѣси> see; know, understand -- KRIVITCHIANS : <кривичи> (pl.) the Krivitchians (a Slavic tribe) -- KYI : <Кꙑи> Kyi, Kii (legendary founder of Kiev) -- KYI : <Хоривъ> Khoriv, Xoriv (brother of Kyi) -- KYI : <Щєкъ> Shchek, Shek (brother of Kyi) -- KYIV : <Кыѥвъ> Kiev, Kyiv -- KYIV : <Кꙑєвъ> Kiev, Kyiv (name of a city) -- KYIV : <кыѥвьскъ> of Kiev, of Kyiv, Kievan -- KYIV : <кꙑꙗнинъ> of Kiev, of Kyiv, Kievan -- LADOGA : <весь> (collective) the Ves, Vepsians (a Finnish tribe between Lakes Ladoga and Belo-ozero) -- LAKE : <Бѣло Ѥзєро> Belo-ozero, Beloozero (literally 'White Lake', name of a lake and the surrounding region) -- LAKE : <словѣнинъ> Slovene, of the Slovene tribe (located on Lake Ilmen near Novgorod) -- LAKE : <чюдь> (collective) the Chuds (a Finnish tribe, in Estonia near Lake Peipus) -- LAKES : <весь> (collective) the Ves, Vepsians (a Finnish tribe between Lakes Ladoga and Belo-ozero) -- LANCE : <копьѥ> spear, lance; sword -- LAND : <зємл҄ꙗ> earth, land -- LAND : <рѹсь> (collective) the Rus, Rus' (a Scandinavian tribe); the land of the Rus, Russia -- LARGE : <вєликъ> big, large, great -- LARGE : <обильнъ> copious, abundant, large -- LATER : <деместиковъ> of the domesticus, relating to the domesticus (originally within Byzantine tradition a term denoting the leader of certain guard units; later a term applied to certain civil and ecclesiastica -- LAY : <положити, -жѫ, -жиши> lay down, set down -- LEAD : <вєсти, вєдѫ, вєдєши> lead; lead off, lead away; carry; drag, draw -- LEAD : <обладати, -даѭ, -даѥши> (freq. w. instr.) rule, rule (over), lead, reign -- LEAD : <съвъкѹпити, -плѭ, -пиши> lead together, collect, gather -- LEAD : <сънѧти, съньмѫ, съньмєши> take away from, remove; go down, descend; lead down; (refl.) come together, collect, gather -- LEADER : <водитєль> leader, commander -- LEADER : <деместиковъ> of the domesticus, relating to the domesticus (originally within Byzantine tradition a term denoting the leader of certain guard units; later a term applied to certain civil and ecclesiastica -- LEADER : <старѣйшинъ> leader; prince -- LEAP : <искочити, -чѫ, -чиши> leap up, leap out, start -- LEAP : <скакати, -чѫ, -чєши> dance; spring vigorously, to leap or jump up, exult, revel, boast -- LEAST : <понѣ> or, whether, or then; save, at least, anyhow -- LEATHER : <скора> bark, shell; pine; skin, hide, pelt, leather -- LEAVE : <възвратити, -штѫ, -тиши> return; turn away; (refl.) leave -- LEAVE : <оставити, -вл҄ѭ, -виши> let, leave, neglect, forget -- LEAVE : <ѹѥдинити, -нѭ, -ниши> leave behind alone; unite -- LEFT : <прокъ> remaining, left over; (subst.) the remnants, the rest -- LEGENDARY : <Кꙑи> Kyi, Kii (legendary founder of Kiev) -- LESS : <о> (vocative particle followed by voc. or nom.) o!; (exclamatory particle followed by nom. or gen., less often dat.) oh! -- LESSEN : <съмѣрити, -рѭ, -риши> lower, reduce, lessen, humble, abase -- LEST : <ѥда> if, if only, would that; that not, lest; unless, otherwise -- LET : <да> in order to, that; may, let; and, then -- LET : <оставити, -вл҄ѭ, -виши> let, leave, neglect, forget -- LET : <отъпѹстити, -штѫ, -стиши> allow, let, free; send (away) -- LET : <пѹстити, -штѫ, -стиши> allow, let, free; send (away) -- LEVEL : <равьнъ> level, even -- LIE : <лєшти, лѧгѫ, лѧжєши> lie down, recline -- LIFE : <житьѥ> life -- LIFE : <порѣзати, -заѭ, -заѥши> cut off (from life) -- LIGHT : <свѣтъ> light -- LIKE : <акꙑ> as, like -- LIKE : <сиць, сицє, сица> such, like this -- LIKE : <ꙗкожє> as, like, than, so as to -- LIKELY : <готинъ> Goth, Gothic, of the Goths (likely the inhabitants of Gotland, not the East Germanic tribe) -- LIMIT : <коньць> a coming to pass, performance, consummation; highest or farthest point; end, limit, boundary; pivot, axis -- LIPS : <ѹста> (n. pl.) mouth, lips -- LISTEN : <послѹшати, -аѭ, -аѥши> hear, listen -- LISTLESS : <ѹтръпати, -аѭ, -аѥши> grow stiff or useless, become torpid, become listless or inactive, become dull -- LITERALLY : <Бѣло Ѥзєро> Belo-ozero, Beloozero (literally 'White Lake', name of a lake and the surrounding region) -- LITERALLY : <Новъ Градъ> Novgorod (literally 'Newtown') -- LITERALLY : <Цѣсарь Градъ> Byzantium, Constantinople (literally 'the Emperor's City') -- LITURGY : <слѹжьба> service, forced service, slavery; liturgy; ministry -- LIVE : <жити, -живѫ, -живєши> live -- LIVE : <пожити, -живѫ, -живєши> live -- LIVING : <живъ> alive, living -- LIVING : <польскъ> Poljan, Polian, Poljanian, Polianian, of the Poljan tribe (a Slavic tribe living along the Dnieper) -- LO : <сє> lo, behold -- LOC. : <въ> (w. loc.) in; (w. acc.) into -- LOC. : <на> (w. acc.) onto, against, for, to the extent; (w. loc.) on, at -- LOC. : <о (об)> (w. loc.) around; about, concerning; for; by; (w. instr.) at, by, along; (w. acc.) against -- LOC. : <по> (w. dat.) on, about (motion on surface); (w. acc.) on, after, on account of; (w. loc.) after, following, for -- LOCATED : <Смольньскъ> Smolensk (name of a city located along the Dnieper river) -- LOCATED : <козаринъ> Khazar, of the Khazars (a Turkic tribe located along the Volga) -- LOCATED : <полꙗнинъ> Polan, Polian, Polianian, of the Polianians (a Slavic tribe located along the Dnieper river) -- LOCATED : <словѣнинъ> Slovene, of the Slovene tribe (located on Lake Ilmen near Novgorod) -- LOCATED : <сѣвєръ> Severian, of the Severian tribe (a Slavic tribe located along the Sejm and Sula rivers) -- LOCATION : <подъ> (w. acc.) under, below (object of motion); (w. instr.) under, below (location) -- LOFT : <голѫбникъ> dovecote, pigeon loft -- LOFT : <одрина> loft; stable -- LOOK : <брѣшти, брѣгѫ, брѣжєши> be an object of care or thought, be a concern; (with negation) have no care for, be neglectful of, be careless, be negligent; look down upon, despise -- LOOK : <възрѣти, -зрѫ, -зриши> look closely at, gaze at; look up at (w. prep.) -- LOOK : <зрѣти, -зрѫ, -зриши> look at, behold; see -- LOOK : <приникнѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> stoop to look, peer, look -- LOOK : <ѹзрѣти, -зрѫ, -зриши> look at, behold; see -- LOOSE : <испѹстити, -штѫ, -стиши> loose, free; send forth, send out, send away, emit -- LOOSE : <платити, -штѫ, -тиши> loose, free, set free, pay -- LORD : <господинъ> lord, master -- LORD : <господь> lord, master -- LOVE : <любити, -блѭ, -биши> love -- LOVING : <милость> grace, loving kindness -- LOWER : <боричєвъ> of Boris, relating to Boris; (subst. m.) the Borichev (a trail between upper and lower reaches of Kiev) -- LOWER : <съмѣрити, -рѭ, -риши> lower, reduce, lessen, humble, abase -- M. : <боричєвъ> of Boris, relating to Boris; (subst. m.) the Borichev (a trail between upper and lower reaches of Kiev) -- M. : <храбръ> (m.) fighter, soldier; (adj.) strong -- MAD : <нєистовити сѧ, -влѭ сѧ, -виши сѧ> be mad, be furious -- MAKE : <вꙑносити, -шѫ, -сиши> carry off, make off with -- MAKE : <пристроити, -строѭ, -строиши> prepare, make ready, arrange -- MAKE : <съмирити, -рѭ, -риши> make peace; come together, unite; reconcile -- MAKE : <сътворити, -рѭ, -риши> do, make -- MAKE : <ѹранити, -нѭ, -ниши> make quickly, be quick, hasten, hurry; rise at dawn, rise early -- MAL : <Малъ> Mal (name of a prince) -- MALICE : <злобьѥ> malice -- MAN : <мѫжь> man, husband -- MANY : <мъногъ> much, many -- MANY : <ѥликъ> how much, how many; as much, as many -- MARTYRDOM : <страсть> suffering, woe; passion, martyrdom -- MARVEL : <почѹдити сѧ, -ждѫ сѧ, -диши сѧ> marvel at, wonder -- MASTER : <господинъ> lord, master -- MASTER : <господь> lord, master -- MATURE : <съзрѣти, -зрѣѭ, -зрѣѥши> mature; produce -- MAY : <да> in order to, that; may, let; and, then -- MEANING : <прѣгъбъ> (meaning unclear) a bending; a bending backward, vain glory, pomposity; a piece of cloth, decorative cloak with bejeweled clasp; cross-bench (of a Viking ship) -- MEANING : <сътѫга> (meaning unclear) a binding; clasp, buckle; fibula -- MEANING : <сꙑрорѣзаньѥ> (meaning unclear) child-killing? -- MEET : <противъ, противѫ> (adv.) opposite; (prep. w. dat.) according to; to meet -- MEET : <сърѣсти, -рѧштѫ, -рѧштєши> meet -- MEET : <ѹполѹчити сѧ, -чѫ сѧ, -чиши сѧ> be in the way, come upon, meet -- MEMBER : <вєльможа> member of the nobility, member of the aristocracy, noble, aristocrat -- MEMBERS : <варѧгъ> Varangian, of the Varangian tribe (name of a particular group of Scandinavians); bodyguard (of Viking descent, often applied to members of the Byzantine Emperor's personal guard) -- MEN : <людьѥ> (pl.) men, people; population, (a) people -- MERCY : <помиловати, -лѹѭ, -лѹѥши> pity, have mercy on -- MERIANS : <меря> (collective) the Merians (a Finnish tribe, in the region of Jaroslavl and Rostov, along the Volga river) -- MERRY : <обрадовати, -дѹѭ, -дѹѥши> show grace; rejoice, be merry -- MILITARY : <воєвода> (military) commander, vojevoda -- MILK : <млѣко> milk -- MIND : <ѹмъ> mind, reason, intellect -- MINE : <мои, моє, моꙗ> my, mine -- MINISTER : <слѹжити, -жѫ, -жиши> minister (to), serve -- MINISTRY : <работа> ministry; servitude -- MINISTRY : <слѹжьба> service, forced service, slavery; liturgy; ministry -- MISTISHA : <мистишинъ> of Mistisha, relating to Mistisha, Mistisha's -- MOAN : <стєнати, -нѭ, -нѥши> groan, moan -- MOISTEN : <омачати, -чаѭ, -чаѥши> moisten, wet -- MONTH : <авъгѹстъ> Augustus; (the month of) August -- MONTH : <июлии, июль> (the month of) July -- MONTH : <каланъди> (plural) calends, kalends, first day of the month -- MONTH : <мѣсѧць> moon, month -- MOON : <мѣсѧць> moon, month -- MORE : <бол҄ьи> bigger, more -- MORE : <пачє> more, even more -- MORE : <пѹштий> more pitiable, more wretched -- MORNING : <наѹтрьѥ> morning, morrow, tomorrow -- MORNING : <ютро, ѹтро> dawn, daybreak; morning, morrow, tomorrow -- MORROW : <наѹтрьѥ> morning, morrow, tomorrow -- MORROW : <ютро, ѹтро> dawn, daybreak; morning, morrow, tomorrow -- MOTHER : <богородица> mother of God -- MOTION : <по> (w. dat.) on, about (motion on surface); (w. acc.) on, after, on account of; (w. loc.) after, following, for -- MOTION : <побѣдити, -ждѫ, -диши> conquer; fight, fight against; set in motion, hasten, incite; sally out -- MOTION : <подъ> (w. acc.) under, below (object of motion); (w. instr.) under, below (location) -- MOUND : <могꙑла> grave, tomb, burial mound -- MOUNTAIN : <гора> mountain -- MOURN : <плакати, плачѫ, -чєши> weep, mourn -- MOURN : <сѣтовати, -тѹѭ, -тѹѥши> mourn -- MOURN : <тѫжити, -жѫ, -жиши> shut in, drive, force, impel; be moved in a confined space; mourn -- MOURNING : <ѹнꙑньѥ> mourning, sadness; carelessness, negligence, neglect -- MOUTH : <ѹста> (n. pl.) mouth, lips -- MOUTH : <ѹсть> door, gate, entrance, mouth -- MOVED : <тѫжити, -жѫ, -жиши> shut in, drive, force, impel; be moved in a confined space; mourn -- MOW : <пожѧти, -жьнѭ, -жьнѥши> mow, reap, cut off, gather, crop, harvest -- MUCH : <мъногъ> much, many -- MUCH : <ѥликъ> how much, how many; as much, as many -- MURDER : <ѹбийство> killing, murder -- MUROM : <Муромъ> Murom (name of a city) -- MUROMA : <мурома> the Muroma (a Finnish tribe inhabiting the region along the Oka river) -- MY : <мои, моє, моꙗ> my, mine -- N. : <ѹста> (n. pl.) mouth, lips -- NAKED : <нагъ> naked -- NAME : <Асколдъ, Осколдъ> Askold, Askuldr (Scandinavian name) -- NAME : <Асмудъ> Asmud, Asmund, Asmundr (Scandinavian name) -- NAME : <Борисъ> Boris (name of a prince, brother of Svjatopolk, Jaroslav, Gleb, and Predslava) -- NAME : <Бѣло Ѥзєро> Belo-ozero, Beloozero (literally 'White Lake', name of a lake and the surrounding region) -- NAME : <Василий> Vasili, Vasilii, Vasilij, Basil (name of a saint) -- NAME : <Волга> Volga, (Turkic) Itil, Atil (name of a river flowing into the Caspian Sea) -- NAME : <Вꙑшєградъ> citadel, castle; (as proper name) Vyshegrad, Vyshgorod (name of a city) -- NAME : <Глѣбъ> Gleb (name of a prince, brother of Svjatoslav, Jaroslav, Boris and Predslava) -- NAME : <Диръ> Dir (Scandinavian name) -- NAME : <Днѣпръ> Dnieper, (Russ.) Dnepr, (Belor.) Dnjapro, (Ukr.) Dnipro, (classical) Danapris (name of a river flowing into the Black Sea) -- NAME : <Игорь> Igor, Ingvar (Scandinavian name) -- NAME : <Искоростѣнь> Iskorosten (name of a city) -- NAME : <Кꙑєвъ> Kiev, Kyiv (name of a city) -- NAME : <Малъ> Mal (name of a prince) -- NAME : <Муромъ> Murom (name of a city) -- NAME : <Ольга> Olga, Helga (Scandinavian name) -- NAME : <Полотьскъ> Polotsk (name of a city) -- NAME : <Прѣдъслава> Peredslava, Predslava (name of a princess, sister of Svjatopolk, Jaroslav, Boris, and Gleb) -- NAME : <Ростовъ> Rostov (name of a city) -- NAME : <Рюрикъ> Rjurik, Ryurik, Rurik, Hroerekr (Scandinavian name) -- NAME : <Свѣньлдъ> Sveinald (Scandinavian name) -- NAME : <Свѧтоплъкъ> Svjatopolk, Svyatopolk, Sviatopolk (name of a prince, brother of Jaroslav, Boris, Gleb, and Predslava) -- NAME : <Свѧтославъ> Svjatoslav, Svyatoslav, Sviatoslav (name of a prince) -- NAME : <Синєѹсъ> Sineus, Signjutr (Scandinavian name) -- NAME : <Смольньскъ> Smolensk (name of a city located along the Dnieper river) -- NAME : <Смядина> Smjadina, Smiadina, Smyadina; Smjadin, Smiadin, Smjadyn, Smiadyn (name of a river, affluent of the Dnieper) -- NAME : <Трѹворъ> Truvor, Thorvardhr (Scandinavian name) -- NAME : <Ярославъ> Jaroslav, Yaroslav (name of a prince, brother of Svjatopolk, Boris, Gleb, and Predslava) -- NAME : <Ярославъ> Jaroslav, Yaroslav (name of the brother of Svjatoslav, Boris, Gleb, and Predslava) -- NAME : <варѧгъ> Varangian, of the Varangian tribe (name of a particular group of Scandinavians); bodyguard (of Viking descent, often applied to members of the Byzantine Emperor's personal guard) -- NAME : <имѧ> name -- NATIVE : <насєльникъ> inhabitant, resident; native; immigrant -- NAVIGATE : <плѹти, пловѫ, пловєши> flow; navigate, sail -- NEAR : <окрѫгъ> (adv., prep. w. gen.) around, near -- NEAR : <приспѣти, -спѣѭ, -спѣѥши> come; approach, near; hasten -- NEAR : <пристати, -станѫ, -станєши> stand near; be near, be present; come, arrive -- NEAR : <словѣнинъ> Slovene, of the Slovene tribe (located on Lake Ilmen near Novgorod) -- NEAR : <чюдь> (collective) the Chuds (a Finnish tribe, in Estonia near Lake Peipus) -- NEAR : <ѹ> (w. gen.) near, at, by -- NECESSITY : <нєволꙗ> need, necessity -- NECKLACE : <гривьна> collar, necklace -- NEED : <нєволꙗ> need, necessity -- NEGATION : <брѣшти, брѣгѫ, брѣжєши> be an object of care or thought, be a concern; (with negation) have no care for, be neglectful of, be careless, be negligent; look down upon, despise -- NEGLECT : <оставити, -вл҄ѭ, -виши> let, leave, neglect, forget -- NEGLECT : <ѹнꙑньѥ> mourning, sadness; carelessness, negligence, neglect -- NEGLECTFUL : <брѣшти, брѣгѫ, брѣжєши> be an object of care or thought, be a concern; (with negation) have no care for, be neglectful of, be careless, be negligent; look down upon, despise -- NEGLIGENCE : <ѹнꙑньѥ> mourning, sadness; carelessness, negligence, neglect -- NEGLIGENT : <брѣшти, брѣгѫ, брѣжєши> be an object of care or thought, be a concern; (with negation) have no care for, be neglectful of, be careless, be negligent; look down upon, despise -- NEITHER : <ни> and not, nor, no; (repeated) neither... nor -- NEST : <гнѣздо> couch, bed; nest -- NEWTOWN : <Новъ Градъ> Novgorod (literally 'Newtown') -- NEXT : <прочьи, -чьѥ, -чьꙗ> the rest, next, remaining -- NICEPHORUS : <никифоровъ> of Nicephorus -- NINE : <ѳ> nine -- NINTH : <дєвятꙑи> ninth, 9th -- NO : <брѣшти, брѣгѫ, брѣжєши> be an object of care or thought, be a concern; (with negation) have no care for, be neglectful of, be careless, be negligent; look down upon, despise -- NO : <ни> and not, nor, no; (repeated) neither... nor -- NO : <никътожє> no one, nobody -- NOBILITY : <вєльможа> member of the nobility, member of the aristocracy, noble, aristocrat -- NOBLE : <боꙗринъ> noble, aristocrat, bojar, boyar -- NOBLE : <вєльможа> member of the nobility, member of the aristocracy, noble, aristocrat -- NOBLE : <нарочитъ> established, well established, noteworthy, notable, noble -- NOBODY : <никътожє> no one, nobody -- NOM. : <о> (vocative particle followed by voc. or nom.) o!; (exclamatory particle followed by nom. or gen., less often dat.) oh! -- NOR : <ни> and not, nor, no; (repeated) neither... nor -- NORMANS : <нѹрманє> (pl.) the Normans, the Northmen, the Norse, Norwegians (a Scandinavian tribe) -- NORSE : <нѹрманє> (pl.) the Normans, the Northmen, the Norse, Norwegians (a Scandinavian tribe) -- NORTHMEN : <нѹрманє> (pl.) the Normans, the Northmen, the Norse, Norwegians (a Scandinavian tribe) -- NORWEGIANS : <нѹрманє> (pl.) the Normans, the Northmen, the Norse, Norwegians (a Scandinavian tribe) -- NOT : <готинъ> Goth, Gothic, of the Goths (likely the inhabitants of Gotland, not the East Germanic tribe) -- NOT : <ни> and not, nor, no; (repeated) neither... nor -- NOT : <нє> not -- NOT : <ѥда> if, if only, would that; that not, lest; unless, otherwise -- NOTABLE : <нарочитъ> established, well established, noteworthy, notable, noble -- NOTEWORTHY : <нарочитъ> established, well established, noteworthy, notable, noble -- NOURISHED : <въздрасти, -стѫ, -стєши> be nourished, grow -- NOVGOROD : <Новъ Градъ> Novgorod (literally 'Newtown') -- NOVGOROD : <новъгородькъ> Novgorodian, of Novgorod -- NOVGOROD : <словѣнинъ> Slovene, of the Slovene tribe (located on Lake Ilmen near Novgorod) -- NOVGORODIAN : <новъгородькъ> Novgorodian, of Novgorod -- NOW : <нꙑн҄ꙗ, нꙑнѣ> now -- NUMBER : <число> number -- NUMERALS : <до> (w. gen.) to, up to; (with numerals) about -- OAR : <вєсло> oar -- OBEDIENT : <покорити, -рѭ, -риши> place under, submit, subject; be obedient, obey -- OBEY : <покорити, -рѭ, -риши> place under, submit, subject; be obedient, obey -- OBJECT : <брѣшти, брѣгѫ, брѣжєши> be an object of care or thought, be a concern; (with negation) have no care for, be neglectful of, be careless, be negligent; look down upon, despise -- OBJECT : <подъ> (w. acc.) under, below (object of motion); (w. instr.) under, below (location) -- OBTAIN : <състигнѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> follow, pursue, catch up with, overtake, obtain, procure -- OFF : <вєсти, вєдѫ, вєдєши> lead; lead off, lead away; carry; drag, draw -- OFF : <вꙑносити, -шѫ, -сиши> carry off, make off with -- OFF : <отъсѣкнѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> cut off -- OFF : <пожѧти, -жьнѭ, -жьнѥши> mow, reap, cut off, gather, crop, harvest -- OFF : <порѣзати, -заѭ, -заѥши> cut off (from life) -- OFTEN : <варѧгъ> Varangian, of the Varangian tribe (name of a particular group of Scandinavians); bodyguard (of Viking descent, often applied to members of the Byzantine Emperor's personal guard) -- OFTEN : <дѣть> children; (often pl.) infants, children -- OFTEN : <о> (vocative particle followed by voc. or nom.) o!; (exclamatory particle followed by nom. or gen., less often dat.) oh! -- OH : <о> (vocative particle followed by voc. or nom.) o!; (exclamatory particle followed by nom. or gen., less often dat.) oh! -- OKA : <мурома> the Muroma (a Finnish tribe inhabiting the region along the Oka river) -- OLD : <старость> old age -- OLD : <старъ> old -- OLGA : <Ольга> Olga, Helga (Scandinavian name) -- OLGA : <ользинъ> of Olga, related to Olga -- ONE : <братонєвавидьникъ> hostile to one's brother -- ONE : <никътожє> no one, nobody -- ONE : <овъ, ово, ова> this, this one; (repeated) the one... the other -- ONE : <онъ, оно, она> that, that one -- ONE : <свои, своє, своꙗ> own, one's own -- ONE : <сь, сє, си> this, this one -- ONE : <тъ, то, та> that, that one -- ONE : <єдинъ> one, only -- ONESELF : <въвадити, -важдѫ, -вадиши> join; (refl.) introduce oneself, enter -- ONESELF : <самъ> self, oneself -- ONESELF : <сєбє> -self, oneself -- ONLY : <єдинъ> one, only -- ONLY : <ѥда> if, if only, would that; that not, lest; unless, otherwise -- ONTO : <на> (w. acc.) onto, against, for, to the extent; (w. loc.) on, at -- OPINION : <разѹмъ> understanding, sense, opinion, basic thought -- OPPOSITE : <противъ, противѫ> (adv.) opposite; (prep. w. dat.) according to; to meet -- OPPRESS : <насилити, -лѭ, -лиши> do violence to, force, oppress (w. dat.) -- ORDER : <да> in order to, that; may, let; and, then -- ORDER : <нарѧдъ> order -- ORDER : <ꙗко> as, when; in order to; that; because; (introduces quotation) -- ORIGINALLY : <деместиковъ> of the domesticus, relating to the domesticus (originally within Byzantine tradition a term denoting the leader of certain guard units; later a term applied to certain civil and ecclesiastica -- ORPHAN : <ѹсирити, -рѭ, -риши> deprive of parents, orphan; deprive (in general) -- OTHER : <дрѹгъ> other -- OTHER : <овъ, ово, ова> this, this one; (repeated) the one... the other -- OTHERWISE : <ѥда> if, if only, would that; that not, lest; unless, otherwise -- OUR : <нашь> our, of us -- OUTRAGE : <обида> injustice, outrage, injury -- OUTSIDE : <внѣ> (w. gen.) outside (of) -- OUTSIDE : <кромѣ> (adv., prep. w. gen.) outside, far away, on the side, against -- OVER : <владѣти, -дѣѭ, -дѣѥши> (freq. w. instr.) rule, rule over, hold power (over) -- OVER : <възгарати, -раѭ, -раѥши> burn; boil over -- OVER : <дръжати, -жѫ, -жиши> hold, have power over, rule -- OVER : <засꙑпати, -плѭ, -плѥши> cover, cover over, hide, bury -- OVER : <надъ> (w. acc. or instr.) over, above -- OVER : <обладати, -даѭ, -даѥши> (freq. w. instr.) rule, rule (over), lead, reign -- OVER : <облиꙗти, -лѣѭ, -лѣѥши> pour over -- OVER : <посꙑпати, -плѭ, -плѥши> cover, cover over, hide, bury -- OVER : <прокъ> remaining, left over; (subst.) the remnants, the rest -- OVER : <прѣдати, -дамь, -даси> hand over, commend -- OVERTAKE : <състигнѫти, -нѫ, -нєши> follow, pursue, catch up with, overtake, obtain, procure -- OWN : <свои, своє, своꙗ> own, one's own -- PARENTS : <ѹсирити, -рѭ, -риши> deprive of parents, orphan; deprive (in general) -- PARK : <градъ> walled structure, walled fortification; garden, enclosed park; home, dwelling, household; city -- PART : <стрѣха> roof; projecting part of a wall, cornice, eaves -- PART : <чѧсть> part -- PARTICLE : <о> (vocative particle followed by voc. or nom.) o!; (exclamatory particle followed by nom. or gen., less often dat.) oh! -- PARTICULAR : <варѧгъ> Varangian, of the Varangian tribe (name of a particular group of Scandinavians); bodyguard (of Viking descent, often applied to members of