Albanian Online

Tosk: English Meaning Index

This English Index lists, in alphabetical order, seemingly significant words used in the "general meaning" glosses of Base Forms underlying one or more surface (word) forms in lesson texts. For each English word, base forms having that word in their general meanings are shown, along with links to every usage, in every numbered lesson, of the associated surface forms. With this index, one may click on any link to perform a quick "usage look-up," and thereby study how surface forms in texts are constructed from base forms sharing a general English meaning word. In order to reduce clutter in this index, certain high-frequency English "function" words are ignored unless there are no "content" words in the meaning.

This index was created by software, not by human hand, using lesson materials authored with very few constraints on the expression of "meaning" other than it being in English. Selecting significant words from free-form text via software is a notoriously difficult task. For example, while most meanings in these lessons are expressed as "glosses," some or parts may be comments directed toward the human reader, who is expected to discern the difference. Computer software cannot yet make such subtle linguistic distinctions, so all words in a meaning are treated alike. With few exceptions, then, all words are indexed. The results are neither produced nor presented with any claims to superior linguistic sensitivity, but at least the full meaning texts are shown for your inspection and judgment. Modest effort was invested in tuning the software to ignore [apparently] superfluous, high-frequency words (e.g., the preposition "of") that, in the presence of [apparently] more important words, contribute little or no useful information to an index; unfortunately this may result in some words, in some contexts, being unfairly omitted.




ABOUT : <për> for, about -- ACCOMPLISHED : <kryhem> be accomplished -- ACCORDANCE : <pajtim> accordance -- AIRPORT : <aeroport> airport -- ALBANIA : <Shqipëri> Albania -- ALBANIAN : <shqip> Albanian -- ALL : <mbarë> all, the entire -- ALONE : <vetëm> alone, only -- ALSO : <edhe> also, yet, still, even -- ALWAYS : <gjithmonë> always -- AMONG : <midis> between, among -- AND : <dhe> and -- AND : <e> and -- ANTHEM : <himn> anthem -- APPEARANCE : <pamje> appearance -- AREA : <fushë> field, area -- ARID : <thatë, e> arid -- ARRIVED : <porsaardhur, e> newly arrived -- AS : <sa> as -- AS : <si> as -- ASPHALT : <asfalt> asphalt -- AT : <në> in, on, at -- ATTRACTION : <tërheqje> pull, attraction, withdrawal -- AUGUST : <gusht> August -- AUTUMN : <vjeshtë> autumn -- BANK : <breg> bank, hill -- BASED : <bazohem> be based -- BASIC : <themelor> basic -- BE : <jam> be -- BEAUTIFUL : <bukur, e> beautiful -- BECAUSE : <se> that, than, because -- BECAUSE : <sepse> because -- BEFORE : <para> before -- BEGIN : <filloj> start, begin -- BEGINNING : <fillim> beginning -- BETWEEN : <midis> between, among -- BEYOND : <që> since, from, beyond -- BIG : <madh, e> big, large, great -- BLACK : <zi, e> black -- BONE : <eshtër> bone -- BOOK : <libër> book -- BOSNIAN : <boshnjak> Bosnian -- BUILDING : <ndërsë> building -- BURNING : <flaktë, e> burning, passionate -- BUT : <por> but, however -- BY : <me> with, by -- CAN : <mund> can, may -- CARRY : <kryej> carry out, perform -- CASE : <rast> case, opportunity -- CHARACTER : <karakter> character -- CLIMATE : <klimë> climate -- CLOUDY : <vranësirë> cloudy sky -- COINCIDENCE : <koicidencë> coincidence -- COME : <vij> come -- COMPLETELY : <plot> fully, completely, quite -- CONCRETE : <beton> concrete -- CONDITIONAL : <do> FUTURE/CONDITIONAL -- CONSTITUTIONAL : <kushtetues> constitutional -- CONTRACT : <kontratë> contract -- CULTURAL : <kulturor> cultural -- DEFENSE : <mbrojtje> defense, protection -- DEMOCRACY : <demokraci> democracy -- DEMOCRATIC : <demokratik> democratic -- DEPEND : <varem> hang, depend -- DESERVE : <meritoj> deserve -- DEVELOPMENT : <zhvillim> development -- DISGRACE : <turp> shame, disgrace -- DRENCH : <qull> drench -- ECONOMIC : <ekonomik> economic -- ECONOMY : <ekonomi> economy -- END : <fund> end -- ENSURE : <siguroj> ensure -- ENTIRE : <mbarë> all, the entire -- ENTRY : <hyrje> entry -- ENVIRONMENT : <mjedis> environment -- EPIRUS : <Epir> Epirus -- EQUAL : <barabartë, e> equal -- EQUALITY : <barazi> equality -- EVEN : <edhe> also, yet, still, even -- EVERY : <çdo> every -- EXAMPLE : <shëmbëllë> example -- EXCEPT : <përveç> except -- FALL : <bie> fall -- FATE : <fat> fate -- FATHERLAND : <atdhe> fatherland -- FEMALE : <femër> female -- FIDELITY : <besnikëri> fidelity, loyalty, honesty -- FIELD : <fushë> field, area -- FIERY : <zjarrtë, e> fiery, passionate -- FIGHT : <luftoj> fight -- FINAL : <përfundimtar> final -- FIRST : <parë, e> first -- FLAG : <flamur> flag -- FOREIGN : <huaj, e> foreign -- FREEDOM : <liri> liberty, freedom -- FULLY : <plot> fully, completely, quite -- FUTURE : <do> FUTURE/CONDITIONAL -- GARRISON : <rojë> garrison, guard -- GENDER : <gjinor> gender -- GENERAL : <gjeneral> general -- GIVE : <jap> give -- GOD : <zot> master, lord, god -- GOOD : <mirë, e> good -- GOVERNMENT : <qeveri> government -- GRAB : <rrëmbej> grab, seize -- GREAT : <madh, e> big, large, great -- GUARD : <rojë> garrison, guard -- HANG : <varem> hang, depend -- HAVE : <kam> have -- HE : <ai, ajo> (s)he, it, that -- HEALTH : <kthen> turn, return, regain health -- HEART : <zëmër> heart -- HERE : <këtu> here -- HIGH : <lart, e> high, loud -- HIGHWAY : <xhade> highway -- HILL : <breg> bank, hill -- HIS : <tij, e> his, its -- HONESTY : <besnikëri> fidelity, loyalty, honesty -- HONOR : <nder> honor -- HOWEVER : <por> but, however -- HUMAN : <njeri> human, person -- HUMID : <lagët, e> rainy, humid -- IF : <sikur> as if, as though -- IMPOSSIBLE : <pamundur, e> impossible -- IN : <në> in, on, at -- INHABITANT : <svetigradas> inhabitant of Svetigrad -- INTO : <për në> into, towards -- IT : <ai, ajo> (s)he, it, that -- ITS : <tij, e> his, its -- JUSTICE : <drejtësi> justice -- KILL : <vras> kill -- KINGDOM : <mbretëri> kingdom -- KNOW : <di> know -- KOSOVO : <Kosovë> Kosovo -- LAND : <tokë> soil, land -- LANGUAGE : <gjuhë> language -- LARGE : <madh, e> big, large, great -- LAST : <fundit, e> last -- LAW : <ligj> law -- LEADERSHIP : <udhëheqje> leadership -- LEARN : <mësoj> learn -- LEAVE : <lë> leave -- LETHARGY : <plogështi> sloth, lethargy -- LEVEL : <nivel> level -- LIBERTY : <liri> liberty, freedom -- LIFE : <jetë> life -- LONG : <sa> as many as, as soon as, as long as, so much -- LOOK : <dukem> look, seem -- LORD : <zot> master, lord, god -- LOUD : <lart, e> high, loud -- LOYALTY : <besnikëri> fidelity, loyalty, honesty -- MAKE : <lag> make wet -- MALE : <mashkull> male -- MANNER : <mënyrë> manner -- MANY : <sa> as many as, as soon as, as long as, so much -- MARK : <vulos> seal, mark -- MARKET : <treg> market -- MASTER : <zot> master, lord, god -- MAY : <mund> can, may -- MISSION : <mision> mission -- MIX : <përziej> mix -- MONOTONOUS : <monoton> monotonous -- MORE : <më> more -- MUCH : <sa> as many as, as soon as, as long as, so much -- MULTIETHNIC : <shumetnik> multiethnic -- MURAD : <Murat> Murad -- MUST : <duhem> must, should -- MY : <im> my -- NATIONAL : <kombëtar> national -- NEGATOR : <mos> NEGATOR -- NEGATOR : <nuk> NEGATOR -- NEWLY : <porsaardhur, e> newly arrived -- NON-ACTIVE : <u> NON-ACTIVE -- NONDISCRIMINATION : <mosdiskriminim> nondiscrimination -- NOW : <tani> now -- NYJE : <e> NYJE -- OFFICIAL : <zyrtar> official -- ON : <në> in, on, at -- ONE : <një> a, one -- ONLY : <vetëm> alone, only -- ONTO : <mbi> on, onto -- OPPORTUNITY : <rast> case, opportunity -- OPPOSITE : <kundrejt> opposite, towards -- OPPOSITE : <pëkundrazi> quite the opposite -- OR : <ose> or -- ORDER : <rend> order -- OTHER : <tjetër, e> other -- PART : <pjesë> part, section, share -- PARTICIPATION : <pjesëmarrje> participation -- PASSIONATE : <flaktë, e> burning, passionate -- PASSIONATE : <zjarrtë, e> fiery, passionate -- PEACE : <paqe> peace -- PERFORM : <kryej> carry out, perform -- PERSON : <njeri> human, person -- PLURALISM : <pluralizm> pluralism -- POLITICAL : <politik> political -- POSSIBILITY : <mundësi> possibility -- POWER : <pushtet> power -- PRAISE : <lavde> praise -- PRECISELY : <taman> precisely -- PRINCIPLE : <parim> principle -- PROGRESSIVE : <po> PROGRESSIVE -- PROPERTY : <pronë> property -- PROTECTION : <mbrojtje> defense, protection -- PROVINCE : <komunë> province -- PULL : <tërheqje> pull, attraction, withdrawal -- QUITE : <pëkundrazi> quite the opposite -- QUITE : <plot> fully, completely, quite -- RAIN : <shi> rain -- RAINY : <lagët, e> rainy, humid -- READ : <lexoj> read -- REASON : <shkak> reason -- REFLECT : <pasqyroj> reflect -- REGAIN : <kthen> turn, return, regain health -- REGULATED : <rregullohem> be regulated -- REPUBLIC : <republikë> republic -- RESCUE : <shpëtim> rescue, salvation -- RESPECT : <respektim> respect -- RETURN : <kthen> turn, return, regain health -- RIGHT : <drejtë, e> right -- ROMANI : <rom> Romani -- RULE : <sundim> rule -- RUNWAY : <pistë> runway -- SAD : <trishtuar, e> sad -- SALVATION : <shpëtim> rescue, salvation -- SEAL : <stemë> seal -- SEAL : <vulos> seal, mark -- SECTION : <pjesë> part, section, share -- SEEM : <dukem> look, seem -- SEIZE : <rrëmbej> grab, seize -- SEPARATION : <ndarje> separation -- SERBIAN : <serb> Serbian -- SET : <nisem> set out -- SHAME : <turp> shame, disgrace -- SHARE : <pjesë> part, section, share -- SHINE : <shkëlqej> shine -- SHOULD : <duhem> must, should -- SIGN : <nënshkruaj> sign -- SINCE : <që> since, from, beyond -- SKY : <vranësirë> cloudy sky -- SLEET : <sqotë> sleet -- SLOTH : <plogështi> sloth, lethargy -- SNOW : <dëborë> snow -- SO : <pra> so, therefore -- SO : <sa> as many as, as soon as, as long as, so much -- SOCIAL : <shoqëror> social -- SOCIAL : <social> social -- SOCIETY : <shoqëri> society -- SOIL : <tokë> soil, land -- SOLDIER : <ushtar> soldier -- SOMETHING : <diçka> something -- SOON : <sa> as many as, as soon as, as long as, so much -- SPRING : <pranvëre> spring -- START : <filloj> start, begin -- STATE : <shetëror> state -- STATE : <shtet> state -- STATE : <shtetëror> state -- STATUS : <status> status -- STILL : <edhe> also, yet, still, even -- STRIVE : <përpiqem> try, strive -- SUBORDINATOR : <të> SUBORDINATOR -- SUCCESS : <sukses> success -- SUDDEN : <papritur, e> unexpected, sudden -- SUN : <diell> sun -- SVETIGRAD : <svetigradas> inhabitant of Svetigrad -- SYMBOL : <simbol> symbol -- TALK : <bisedim> talk -- THAN : <se> that, than, because -- THAT : <ai, ajo> (s)he, it, that -- THAT : <cili, e> that, which -- THAT : <që> that, which -- THAT : <se> that, than, because -- THEREFORE : <pra> so, therefore -- THEY : <ata, ato> they, those -- THIS : <ky, kjo> this -- THOSE : <ata, ato> they, those -- THOUGH : <sikur> as if, as though -- THROUGH : <nga> from, through -- TIME : <kohë> time, weather -- TODAY : <sot> today -- TOGETHER : <bashkë> together -- TOWARDS : <kundrejt> opposite, towards -- TOWARDS : <për në> into, towards -- TRUE : <vërtetë> true -- TRY : <përpiqem> try, strive -- TURKISH : <turk> Turkish -- TURN : <kthen> turn, return, regain health -- TWO : <dy> two -- UNDER : <nën> under -- UNEXPECTED : <papritur, e> unexpected, sudden -- UNTIL : <gjer> up to, until -- UP : <gjer> up to, until -- USE : <përdorim> use -- VALUE : <vlerë> value -- VICTORY : <fitore> victory -- VOCATIVE : <o> VOCATIVE -- WALL : <mur> wall -- WAR : <luftë> war -- WE : <ne> we -- WEAPON : <armë> weapon -- WEATHER : <kohë> time, weather -- WET : <lag> make wet -- WHEN : <kur> when -- WHICH : <cili, e> that, which -- WHICH : <që> that, which -- WHICHEVER : <cilido> whichever -- WITHDRAWAL : <tërheqje> pull, attraction, withdrawal -- WORLD : <botëror> world -- WRITTEN : <shkruhem> be written -- YET : <edhe> also, yet, still, even -- YOU : <ju> you (pl.) -- YOUR : <juaj> your (pl.) --