PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes
Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.
Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.
All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.
Pokorny Etymon: aigu̯h- 'to be ashamed'
Semantic Field(s): Shame (n)
|Old English:||ǣwan||vb||to scorn, despise, contemn||IEW/ASD|
|ǣwisc||adj||abashed, ashamed, disgraced||ASD|
|ǣwisc||n.str.fem||shame, insult, disgrace, dishonor||GED/ASD|
|Middle Low German:||eichelen, e̐chelen, ēgelen||vb||to revolt, disgust, nauseate||IEW|
|Middle High German:||ekeln||vb||to revolt, disgust, nauseate||IEW|
|German:||Ekel||n.masc||disgust, loathing, revulsion||LRC|
|ekeln||vb||to revolt, disgust, nauseate||LRC|
|Gothic:||*aiwiski, aiwisks||n||shame, disgrace, dishonor||GED/ASD|
|áiwiskōn||vb.wk.II||to act/treat shamefully||LRC|
|*un-aiwisks||adj||shameless, without shame||GED|
Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:
Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):
|ASD||=||Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller: An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1898)|
|GED||=||Winfred P. Lehmann: A Gothic Etymological Dictionary (1986)|
|IEW||=||Julius Pokorny: Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (1959)|
|LRC||=||Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin|