Indo-European Lexicon

Pokorny Master PIE Etyma

The table below lists Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etyma adapted from Julius Pokorny's book, Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (Bern: Francke, 1959, 1989). Entry head-words are listed, with their page numbers and cross-references to other entries (following Pokorny) plus our own English glosses; for more information, the reader is referred to the book. Some misprints in Pokorny have been corrected, including repairs to diacritics and missing, incorrect, or extraneous homograph numbers.

In our table, cross-references under "See also" may include IE links to our own lists of more modern Indo-European reflexes -- words derived from the ancient Proto-Indo-European etyma. IE reflex lists are under active construction (see our IE Lexicon home page): they are subject to change at any time, and might possibly exhibit errors not yet corrected. See our Language Index page for links from reflexes (listed by IE language) to their PIE etyma.

Pokorny head-word entries with page numbers, cross-references, and English glosses
Page(s) Pokorny entry See also English gloss
1

IE    (an exclamation)
1 ab- IE    2. ā̆p- water, river
1-2 ā̆bel-, ā̆bō̆l-, abel- IE    apple
2 abh- IE    abhro- swift, quick, abrupt
2 abhro- IE    abh- strong, mighty
2-3 abō(n) IE    ape, monkey
3 1. ad- IE    2. ad- at, by, to
3 2. ad- IE    1. ad- to fix, put in order
3 ades-, ados- IE    spelt (type of grain)
4 ad(u)-, ad-ro- current, water course
4-6 ag̑- IE    ag̑ro-s to lead, drive, agitate
6-7 ā̆g̑- aig̑- goat
7 ag̑h- animal that may bear young
7 ā̆g̑her-, ā̆g̑hen-, ā̆g̑hes-, or ō̆g̑her etc. IE    day, dawn
7-8 agh- IE    agh-(lo-) to ail, fear, be depressed
8 agh-(lo-) agh- disgusting, unpleasant
8 aghl(u)- dark cloud; rainy weather
8 agos- IE    sin, guilt; fault, blemish
8-9 agro-, egro-? first, highest; apex, beginning
9 ag̑ro-s IE    ag̑- field, acre
9 ag(e)sī, aksī IE    axe
9 agh-no-s IE    lamb
10 1. ai aik- (an exclamation)
10 2. ai- to drive, close in; harm, overwhelm
10 3. ai- IE    to give
10-11 ai-ti-, ai-to-, oi-to- IE    part, portion
11 4. ā̆i- IE    ai-dh- to burn, shine
11 5. ai- : oi- IE    oath, significant speech
11 aid- oid- to swell; strong
11-12 ai-dh-, i-dh-, nasalized i-n-dh- IE    ā̆ier- to burn, shine
12 ā̆ier-, ā̆ien- IE    ai̯os- day(light), morning
13 aig̑- IE    ā̆g̑- goat
13 1. aig-, nasalized ing- IE    ill, sick; depressed, dispirited
13 2. aig- IE    oak
13-14 3. aig- IE    to swing, vibrate, move violently
14 aigh- IE    to be ashamed
14-15 ā(i)g̑h- : īg̑h- to need, desire
15 ā̆ik̑- : ī̆k̑- IE    pike, spear, spit
15 aik- IE    1. ai to call to
15-16 ai̯os- IE    aisk- ore, metal (copper, bronze, iron)
16 ai-rā (type of grass)
16 1. ais- IE    to wish, desire, ask/search for
16 2. ais- IE    to respect, worship, be in awe
16-17 aisk- IE    ai-tro- clear, bright, shining
17 ai-tro- 4. ā̆i- sharp, bitter
17-18 aiu̯-, ai̯u- IE    vitality, life force
18 1. ak̑-, ak̑ō- to eat
18-22 2. ak̑-, ok̑- IE    ok̑tō(u) sharp, acute, angular; stone
23 akkā mama (nursery word)
23 ak̑ru dak̑ru- tear(drop)
23 ak- to hurt, damage
23 akā-, more accurately əkā, ēk- IE    aqua, water, river
24-26 1. al-, ol- IE    ario-? beyond; other, alien
26-27 2. al- IE    to grow, nourish, enhance
27-28 3. ā̆l- IE    to roam, wander; be crazy/confused
28 4. al- to burn
28-29 5. al- IE    to mill, grind
29 6. al-, alōu- : aləu- white, gleaming
29 alā IE    hello! (greeting)
29 albhi- albho- barley
30-31 albho- IE    1. el- white, albino
31-32 aldh- trough
32 aleq- IE    areg- to protect, ward off
32 algh- IE    cold, frost, algidity
32-33 algh- IE    to gain, earn; price, value
33 alp- small, weak
33 ālu-, ālo- a bitter plant?
33-34 alu-, alu-d-, alu-t- IE    bitter; ale, beer
34-35 ambhi, m̥bhi IE    ebhi? around, at both sides
35 1. am-, mē- IE    1. mē- to grab, seize
35 2. am-, mē- IE    2. mē- to mow
35 āmer-, āmōr, āmr̥ IE    day
35-36 ames-, or omes- IE    blackbird: merl, ousel
36 amə- omə- to proceed energetically; firm up; suffer
36 am(m)a, amī̆ IE    mama, amah (nursery word)
36-37 1. an- IE    relative, ancestor
37-38 2. an- IE    there, other side
38-39 3. an(ə)- IE    ansu- to breathe, respire, animate
39-40 4. an-, anu, anō, nō IE    on, along, over there
40-41 andh-, anedh- IE    to sprout, bloom, blossom; herb, anther
41 andher-, ṇdher- stem, spike
41 andho- IE    blind, dark, somber
41-42 anət- IE    ētī- duck, solan
42 anətā, enətā IE    anta, doorpost
42-43 ang̑h- IE    augh- tight, narrow, anguished; to constrict
43 ang̑hen- scent, smell, odor; person
43-45 ang(h)i- IE    eg̑hi- eel, worm, snake, serpent
45 1. ank- IE    nek̑- force; need, necessity
45-47 2. ank-, ang- IE    to flex, bend, angle
47 āno- IE    ring, annulus
47 ans- IE    favorable, well inclined
48 ansā, ansi- IE    noose, snare; ansa, handle
48 ansu-, ṇsu- IE    antro-m ghost, spirit, demon
48-50 ant-s IE    brow, front, anterior
50 antro-m IE    3. an(ə)- cave, hollow
50-51 1. ap-, more accurately əp- : ēp- IE    to take, reach, grasp
51-52 2. ā̆p- IE    1. *u̯ep- water, river
52 3. ap-, āp- old, fragile; harm, damage
52 appa pap(p)a papa (nursery word)
52 apelo- IE    strength
53 āpero- IE    shore, bank (of river)
53-55 apo-, pō̆, ap-u, pu IE    pos off, out of, away from
55 apsā IE    aspen (tree)
55-61 1. ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base arə-, rē-, and i-base (a)rī̆-, rēi- IE    to fit, suit
61 2. ar-, or er- IE    1. rē- to share, distribute
61 3. ar- 2. rēi- nut
62 4. ar, er, or?, r̥ IE    now, therefore; (interrogative particle)
62 5. ar- ōr- to deny, refuse, renounce
62-63 ar(ə)- IE    arenko- to ear, plow
63 ardh- pole, stake
63 ardi-, r̥di- 5. er- tip, point, edge
64 areg- areq- to lock, shut away
64-65 ar(e)-g̑-, arg̑-?, r̥g̑i- IE    erk- white, argent, glittering
65-66 areq- IE    aleq- to lock, guard, protect
66-67 arenko- IE    ar(ə)- (type of grain?)
67 ario-? IE    1. al- host, lord, master
67-68 arqu- IE    arc, arch, something bent
68 arōd-, arəd- (type of waterbird)
68 aro-m reed?
68 aru̯ā intestines?
68-69 ā̆s-, based on it azd-, azg(h)- IE    to burn, glow; ash
69 ast(h)- ost(h)- bone
69 at- IE    to go; year, annum
69 āt(e)r- IE    ētro- fire
70 *ati-, ateli- (type of fish)
70-71 ati, ato- IE    2. to- over, beyond
71 ā̆tos, atta IE    daddy, mommy (nursery word)
71 1. au- IE    ow! (exclamation of pain)
72 2. au-, au̯-es-, au-s- 1. u̯es- to sleep, stay overnight
72-73 3. au-, au̯e, u̯ē̆- IE    4. u̯e- down, away from
73-75 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- IE    2. u- other; that (one)
75-76 5. au̯-, au̯ē- IE    2. u̯e- to plait, weave
76-77 6. au̯-, au̯ed- IE    to speak
77-78 7. au̯-, au̯ē-, au̯ēi- IE    to like, help
78 8. au̯-, au̯ēi- IE    to perceive, understand, be aware of
78-81 9. au̯(e)-, au̯ed-, au̯er- IE    10. u̯er- to wet, flow, sprinkle; water, river, etc.
81-84 10. au̯(e)-, au̯ē(i)-, u̯ē- IE    3. u̯ē- to vent, blow
84 11. au̯ē-, (u̯e-d(h)-?) IE    to strain, take pains
84-85 au̯eg-, u̯ōg-, aug-, ug- IE    u̯eg̑- to augment, increase, magnify
86 au̯ei-, əu̯ei-? IE    ō(u̯)i̯-om bird, avifauna
86-87 au̯es- IE    eus- to shine
87 aug- IE    to shine, gleam, glitter
87 augh-, ugh- u̯ing̑- nape of the neck
88 au̯ig̑- oats; type of grass
88 auq(h)- : uq(h)-, probably also u̯eq(h)- IE    cooking pot
88-89 au-lo-s : ēu-l- IE    tube, pipe, aulos
89 au̯o-s IE    maternal grandfather
90 aus- IE    to draw (water); scoop, ladle
91 baˣb-, bhaˣbh-, paˣp- IE    baˣmb- to swell
91-92 baba- IE    bal-bal- babble, babbling, unclear speech
92 badi̯os IE    bay, brown; gold, yellow
92-93 baitā, or paitā? IE    goatskin; cloak, mantle
93 bak- IE    stick, staff; to hit, peg
93 bal-, balbal- to dance, shake, whirl
93 bal-bal- bar-bar- babbling, unclear speech
93-94 baˣmb- (type of noise)
94-95 baˣmb-, bhaˣmbh-, paˣmp-, phaˣmph- pank- to swell
95 band- IE    drop (of liquid)?
95 bar-bar- blat- babbling, unclear speech
95 bata- babble, murmur, meaningless stuttering
95 bau IE    bow-wow (onomatopoeic: dog barking)
95 bdel- to suck
96 bē, bā baa (onomatopoeic: sheep bleating)
96 bed- IE    to swell
96 1. bel- to cut off, cut out
96 2. bel- IE    strong
96-97 bend-, bṇd-no- IE    spike, needle, tip jutting out
97-98 1. b(e)u-, bh(e)u- IE    (onomatopoeic: dull noise)
98-102 2. b(e)u-, bh(e)ū̆- IE    pāuson- to boil, swell, puff up
102 bis-(t)li- gall
102 blat- blē- to chat, prattle
102 blē- 6. bhel- to bleat
102 blou-, bhlou-?, plou- IE    flea
103 bol- IE    bulb, tuber
103 brangh-, brongh-? hoarse?
103 breuq- to jump
103 bronk- IE    to lock, shut in
103 bu- IE    lip; kiss, buss
104-5 1. bhā-, bhō-, bhə- IE    2. bhāu- to shine, glisten
105-6 2. bhā- IE    to speak
106 bhabhā IE    bean
106 bhā̆d- IE    good, better
107 1. bhag- IE    to divide, apportion
107 2. bhag- bhorgo-s sharp
107-8 bhāgó-s IE    beech (tree)
108 bhā̆gh- bhō̆gh- bog, swamp, lowland
108 bhāg̑hú-s IE    elbow, forearm
108-9 bhar- : bhor- : bhr̥- IE    bhares- burr, stubble; something jutting out
109 bharu- IE    (fir) tree, forest
109-10 bhares-, bhores- IE    bhardhā point, bristle, stubble (with formants)
110 bhardhā IE    bhares- beard
110-11 bharek-, or bherek- IE    to farce, stuff full
111 bhares- IE    bhar- barley
111 bhasko- IE    heap, bundle, fascicle
111 bhāso-, or bhēso- (large bird of prey)
111-12 bhāt- : bhət- IE    1. bhā̆u- to bat, hit
112 1. bhā̆u- : bhū̆- IE    bhāt- to hit, beat
112 2. bhāu- 1. bhā- to shine, glisten
112-13 1. b(h)e, and b(h)eg̑h IE    beside, outside, without
113 2. bhē̆, bhō̆ IE    (emphatic particle)
113 bhē-, bhō- IE    to warm, bake, roast, fry
113 bhebhru-, bhebhro- 5. bher- glittering; bright brown
113-14 1. bhedh- IE    to dig, stab, pierce, embed
114 2. bhedh- IE    to flex, bend, crook
114-15 bheg-, bheng- IE    bhog- to bang, break, smash
115 bhēgh- : bhōgh- to resist, dispute
116 bheg- IE    to flee, run away
116 bhei- IE    bee (insect)
116-17 bheid- IE    bhei(ə)- to bite, prick, pierce, split
117 1. bheidh- IE    to force; advise, confide, encourage
117 2. bheidh- bhidh- to bind, plait
117-18 bhei(ə)-, bhī- IE    bheid- to hit
118 bheig- IE    to shine, glitter?
118-20 1. bhel-, Balto-Slavic also bhelə- IE    2. bhel- glittering white
120 2. bhel- bheleg- henbane
120-22 3. bhel-, bhlē- IE    2. bhlei- to grow, spread, swell, inflate
122 4. bhel-, and bhlē-, bhlō-, bhlə- IE    leaf, foil, blade; bloom
122-23 5. bhel-, chiefly with suffixes: bheləg̑-, bhelə-n-g̑-, bheleg̑-, bhl̥k̑- IE    balk, beam, rafter
123-24 6. bhel- IE    bhlē- to speak, bell, bellow, resound
124 bh(e)lāg- weak, silly, ridiculous
124 bheld- IE    to hit, poke
124-25 bheleg- IE    bhlendh- to shine, glisten
125 bheleu- IE    2. bhlēu- to hit, weaken; ill, weak
125-26 bhelg̑h- IE    to swell, bulge, billow
126 bhen- IE    to hit, wound
126-27 bhend- to sing, rejoice
127 bhendh- IE    to tie, bind
127-28 bheng̑h-, bhn̥g̑h-, adj. bhn̥g̑hú-s IE    fat, thick, dense
128-32 1. bher- IE    bhren- to bear, bring, carry
132-33 2. bher- IE    bh(e)reu- to boil, swell, well up
133-35 3. bher- IE    bhrēi- to bore, cut, scrape, use sharp tool
135-36 4. bher- IE    bhereg- to hum, buzz
136-37 5. bher- IE    bherəg̑- shining; bright brown
137 6. bher- IE    to cook, bake, fry, roast
137-38 7. bher- to plait, weave
138 bheredh-, bhṛdho- IE    to cut; board
138-39 bhereg- IE    2. bherem- (onomatopoeic: to bark, cry, roar, etc.)
139-40 bherəg̑-, bhrēg̑- IE    bherək̑- to shine; bright, white
140-41 bhereg̑h-, bherg̑hos- IE    bherg̑h- high, noble; barrow, mountain
141-42 bherək̑-, bhrēk̑- IE    bhebhru- to shine, glitter
142 1. bherem- IE    to stand out; brim, edge, hem
142-43 2. bherem- IE    bhlos-q- to hum, buzz, drone
143 bheres- IE    quick, festinate
143-45 bh(e)reu- : bh(e)rū̆- IE    bhrag- to brew, boil, surge, be wild
145 bherg̑h- IE    bhereg̑h- to keep, hide, bury
145 bherug-, bhrug-, bhorg- throat
145-46 1. bhes- IE    bhoso-s to spread, smear, rub on
146 2. bhes- IE    perd- to blow, breathe
146-50 bheu-, bheu̯ə-, bhu̯ā-, bhu̯ē- : bhō̆u- : bhū- IE    to be, exist; grow, prosper
150-52 bheudh-, nasalized bhu-n-dh- IE    to awaken, be aware
152 1. bheug- IE    to flee, escape, seek refuge
152 2. bheug-, bheugh- to free, put away
152-53 3. bheug-, bheugh- IE    to bow, flex, bend, crook
153 4. bheug- IE    to enjoy
153 bhidh- 2. bheidh- pot, vat, cauldron
153-54 bhili-, bhilo- IE    good, friendly, harmonious
154 bhlag̑- IE    to hit, flog, flail
154 bhlagh-men- IE    priest, flamen, wizard
154-55 bhlē- IE    bhlē̆d- to bleat, weep, howl
155 bhlē̆d-, bhl̥d- IE    baba- to boil, bubble up; boast, chatter
155 bhleg- IE    to swell, become bloated
155-56 1. bhlē̆i- : bhləi- : bhlī- IE    bhlē̆ig̑- to shine, glitter
156 2. bhlei- IE    bhleu- to swell, burst, blow up
156-57 bhlē̆ig̑-, bhlīg̑- IE    bhleiq- to shine, glitter
157 bhleiq- bhləido-s to shine, glitter
157-58 bhlendh- IE    bhles- dim, pale, blond, reddish
158 bhles- IE    1. bhlēu- to shine, glitter
158-59 bhleu- IE    3. bhel- to bloat, swell, blow up; flow
159 1. bhlēu- : bhləu- : bhlū- IE    bhleu-(k-) to shine, glitter
159 2. bhlēu- : bhləu- : bhlū- IE    bhleus- bad, weak, miserable
159-60 bhleu-(k-) IE    bhlē-u̯o-s to burn
160 bhlē-u̯o-s IE    1. bhel- a light color (blue, yellow)
160 bhleus- bheleu- mild, weak
160 bhləido-s 1. bhlē̆i- pale, light
160-61 bhlīg̑- : *bhlēig- IE    to hit, strike, inflict
161 bhlō̆k- IE    flock, tow, wool; cloth?
161 bhlos-q- 4. bher- (onomatopoeic: to bark, cry, roar, etc.)
161 bhog- IE    bheg- beck, flowing water
161 bhō̆gh-, or bhā̆gh- IE    bhā̆gh- bog, swamp, lowland
161-62 bhōi- : bhəi- : bhī-, bhii̯ə- IE    to fear, be afraid
162 bhok- IE    to burn?
162 bholo- mist, smoke, steam?
163 bhorgo-s 2. bhag- gruff, unfriendly
163 bhoso-s IE    1. bhes- bare, naked
163 bhoudhi- victory
163 bhoukos a buzzing insect
163 bhrag-, better bhrə-g- IE    2. bher- to scent, smell
163-64 bhrā́ter- IE    brother, family member
164 bhred(h?)- to wade, wander
165 1. bhreg̑- IE    bhre(n)k̑- to break
166 2. bhreg̑- IE    to stick up
166-67 bhrēi-, bhrī̆- IE    1. bhrē̆u- to fray, pierce, cut with sharp tool
167 bhren- IE    bhrendh- to bulge, stick out; edge, brink
167-68 bhrendh- IE    bhrenk- to sprout, swell up
168 bhrenk-, bhronk- IE    2. bhrēu- to bring
168 bhre(n)k̑- bhres- to err, be ensnared
168-69 bhren-to-s deer, horned animal
169 bhres- IE    1. bhreg̑- to burst, break
169 bhreu-, bhreu-d- IE    1. bhreu-s- to swell, sprout
169 1. bhrē̆u-, bhrū̆- IE    bhreu-k̑- to break, cut, pierce
170 2. bhrēu-, bhrū- 1. bher- edge
170 bhreu-k̑- IE    2. bhreu-s- to strike, throw
170-71 1. bhreu-s- IE    bhrugh-no- to swell, sprout
171 2. bhreu-s- IE    bhroisqo- to bruise, break to pieces
171-72 3. bhreus-, bhrū̆s- IE    to boil, sound, etc.
172 bhroisqo-, bhrisqo- 3. bher- bitter
172-73 1. bhrū- IE    brow, eyebrow
173 2. bhrū-, bhrēu- IE    beam, bridge
173 bhrūg- IE    fruit; to brook, enjoy
174 bhrugh-no- bhreu- twig
174 bhudh-m(e)n IE    base, ground, bottom, fundament
174 bhū̆g̑o-s, familiar form bhukko-s IE    buck, goat
175 dā- IE    fluid; river; to flow
175-79 dā : də-, and dāi- : dəi-, dī̆- IE    3. del- to share, divide
179 dāiu̯ēr, genitive daiu̯rés IE    brother-in-law
179 dak̑ru- IE    ak̑ru tear (from the eye)
179-81 dāu-, dəu-, dū̆- IE    to burn, injure, torment
181 *dəg̑h-mó- dəg̑h-mó-s slanting
181-83 de-, do- IE    I-deictic; here
183 dē- : də-, and dēi-, dī- IE    to tie, bind
183 dēg- IE    to take, grab, pack?
183-87 1. dei-, dei̯ə-, dī-, di̯ā- IE    to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity
187 2. dei̯ə-, di̯ā-, di̯ə-, dī- IE    to move, spin, swing
187-88 deig̑h- IE    to itch, prick; tick
188-89 deik̑- IE    to teach, show
189-91 1. dek̑- IE    des- to take
191 2. dek̑- : dok̑-, dēk̑- IE    denk̑- to tear, rip to pieces
191-92 dek̑m̥, dek̑m̥-t, dek̑u- IE    u̯ī-k̑m̥t-ī ten, decade
193 1. del- IE    to tell, count, calculate
193-94 2. del- to shake, totter
194-96 3. del-, dol-, delə- IE    1. dhā̆bh- to split, divide
196 4. del- IE    to rain, dribble
196-97 5. del- IE    long
198-99 dem-, demə- IE    to build, timber; house, domicile
199-200 demə-, domə-, domə- IE    to tame
201 demel- worm?
201 denk̑- IE    2. dek̑- to bite
201-2 1. dens- IE    2. dens- to learn; mental power
202-3 2. dens- IE    1. dens- dense
203 deph- IE    to push, stamp, thrust
203 1. der- : dōr-, der-, or dōr- : dər- IE    4. der- hand span
203-4 2. der-, reduplicated der-der-, dr̥dor-, broken reduplication dor-d-, dr̥-d- IE    3. dher- (onomatopoeic: to mutter, grumble)
204-6 3. der-, drā-, dreb-, drem-, dreu- IE    to run, trip, tread, tramp
206-11 4. der-, heavy-base derə-, drē- IE    1. der- to cut, skin, split, tear
211-12 derbh- IE    to wind, put together
212 der(ep)- IE    derk̑- to see?
212 derə-, drā- IE    to work
212-13 dergh- IE    to grasp
213 derk̑- IE    der(ep)- to look
214-17 deru-, dō̆ru-, dr(e)u-, drou-, dreu̯ə- : drū- IE    firm, solid; tree, wood
217 des-, dēs- 1. dek̑- to find
217-18 1. deu- IE    to sink in, plunge into
218-19 2. deu-, or dou- : du- IE    to worship, venerate; mighty
219-20 3. deu-, deu̯ə-, du̯ā-, dū- IE    to pass, move forward
220-21 deuk- IE    to tug, pull, drag, tow
221-22 deup- : kteup-? (onomotopoeic: dull thud)
222 dəg̑h-mó-s gei- slanting
222 digh- IE    goat
222 dī̆p-ro-, dī̆p-erā sacrificial animal
222 dl̥kú- IE    sweet, dulcet
223 dn̥g̑hū, dn̥g̑hu̯ā IE    tongue
223-26 dō- : də-, also dō-u- : dəu- : du- IE    to give, donate
226 dous- arm
226 drē- : drə-, extended dr-ē̆m- IE    to sleep
226-27 dreg̑h- vexed, displeased, unwilling
227 dumb-, dumbh-? IE    tail, penis
227 dus- IE    bad, foul, evil
227-28 du̯ei- IE    to fear
228-32 du̯ō(u) IE    gis-ti-s two, duo
233 1. dhā̆bh-, nasalized dhamb(h)- IE    dā to be speechless, astonished; to dab, be touched, affected
233-34 2. dhabh- IE    to fix, suit; proper
234 dhā̆l- IE    2. dhel- to bloom, be green
234 dhanu-, or dhonu- IE    (type of tree)
235 dhau- IE    to press, strangle
235 1. dhē-, reduplicated dhē-dh(ē)- IE    dhē(i)- older family member (nursery word)
235-39 2. dhē- IE    u̯eidh- to do, put, place, set
239 3. dhē-, dhə- IE    to disappear, pass away
239 dheb- IE    fat, thick, heavy
240 dhebh-, dhebh-eu- IE    dhembh- to harm, injure
240-41 dhegh- IE    to burn
241-42 dhē(i)-, also dh-ei-? IE    1. dhē- to suck, suckle
243 dhei̯ə- : dhi̯ā- : dhī- IE    to look, see, show
243-44 dhēig- : dhōig- : dhīg- IE    to dig, plant, stab, stick
244-45 dheig̑h- IE    to build, knead clay
245-46 1. dhel-, dholo- IE    curve; dell, hollow
246 2. dhel- IE    dhā̆l- to light; shining
246 3. dhel- IE    to tremble
246 dhelbh- IE    to dig, delve, bury
247 dhelg- IE    to stab, stick; needle
247 dhelgh-, dhelg- IE    to hit
247-48 dhem-, dhemə- IE    to blow, fly about like dust
248-49 dhembh-, dhm̥bh- IE    dheu-b- to dig
249 1. dhen- IE    to flow, run
249 2. dhen- IE    flat of hand, surface of land, etc.
249-50 3. dhen- IE    to hit, ding, push, thrust
250 1. dhengh- IE    to press, cover
250 2. dhengh- IE    to get, grip, reach
251-52 1. dher-, dherə- IE    4. dher- dirt, dreg, some type of deposit
252-55 2. dher-, dherə- IE    to hold, support
255-56 3. dher-, dhereu-, dhrē̆n- IE    2. der- (onomatopoeic: to drone, growl, purr, etc.)
256 4. dher- : dhor- : dher- IE    5. dher- to jump (at)
256 5. dher-, dhrei-d- IE    1. dher- to defecate; dirt
257 dherāgh- IE    dhreg̑- to drag, pull
257 dherbh-, dherəbh-? IE    to work
257-58 dherebh- IE    to harden; coagulated
258 dheregh- bushy plants
258 dhereg̑h-, dhr̥g̑h-nā- IE    to turn, wind
259 dhers- IE    to dare, be bold
259 dhēs-, dhəs- IE    (used in religious terms)
259-60 1. dheu- IE    to flow, run
260-61 2. dheu-, dhu̯-ēi- IE    to die, faint, vanish
261 3. dheu- to shine brightly
261-67 4. dheu-, dheu̯ə-, presumably dhu̯ē-, compare suffixes dhu̯ē-k-, dhu̯ē̆-s- IE    dheu̯es- to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.
267-68 dheu-b-, dheu-p- IE    dhebh- deep, hollow
268 dheubh-, dhubh- IE    peg, wedge
268-71 dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆s- IE    4. dheu- to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.
271 dheugh- IE    to milk, press, touch
271 dhlas-, or dhels- : dhl̥s- to press, squeeze; squash?
271-72 dhl̥gh- IE    debt, guilt, duty
272 dhō- to sharpen
272 dhō[u]- : dhū- rope?
272-73 dhrebh- IE    to drub, crush, grind to pieces
273 dhreg̑- IE    terk- to pull
273 1. dhregh- IE    to run
273-74 2. dhregh- IE    to hurt, torment
274 dhreibh- IE    to drive, push, thrust
274-75 dhreu- IE    to grind, crumble
275 1. dhreugh- to shake, tremble
276 2. dhreugh- IE    to harm, deceive
276 dhrigh-, or dhreikh- hair, bristle
276-77 dhrono- multicolored?
277 dhug(h)əter- IE    daughter
277 dhu̯en-, dhun- IE    to hum, drone
277 dhu̯er-, dhu̯erə- to harm by trickery/deception
278-79 dhu̯ē̆r-, dhu̯ō̆r-, dhur-, dhu̯r̥- IE    door
279 dhu̯ergh- : drugh- IE    crippled, dwarf-like, low in stature
280-81 1. ē̆, ō̆ IE    1. o (particle: he, this, etc.)
281 2. ē, ō IE    2. ō oh (vocative interjection)
281-86 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- IE    i̯āi (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)
287 ebhi? : obhi : bhi epi from, around, (up) to, etc.
287-89 ed- IE    to eat
289-90 1. edh- tip, point
290 2. edh- IE    fence of stakes
290 eg- IE    lack (of something)
290-91 ēg̑-, ōg̑-, əg̑- IE    to say, speak
291 eg̑-, eg̑(h)om, eg̑ō IE    1. me- ego, I (pronoun)
291-92 eg̑hero- IE    (inland) lake
292 eg̑hi- ang(h)i- hedgehog
292-93 eg̑hs, eg̑hz IE    from, out of, ex-
293 egnis : ognis IE    fire
293 ehem, eheu, eho IE    aha! oho! (exclamation)
293-97 1. ei- IE    i̯ā- to go, exit
297 2. ē̆i oiu̯ā O (vocative particle)
297-98 3. ei- IE    bright; reddish
298 4. ei- : oi- IE    pole, stake
298 eibh- : oibh-, i̯ebh- IE    i̯ebh- to copulate
298 eig-, oig- IE    to lament, complain
298-99 ēik- IE    to own, possess, be capable
299-301 1. eis- IE    to move rapidly/violently
301 2. ei-s-, ei-n- IE    ice, frost
301-2 ek̑u̯o-s IE    horse
302-4 1. el-, ol-, el- IE    4. el- red, brown
304-5 2. el- 2. lei- to lie, recline
305 3. el- : ol- to rot, be moldy
306 4. el-, ol- IE    ul- (a noise)
306 5. el-, ol- IE    to destroy
306-7 6. el-, elə- : lā-, el-eu-(dh-) IE    2. leu-dh- to go, move, drive
307 7. el-, elə-, with k-suffix elk-, elək- IE    elk- hungry; bad?
307-9 8. el-, elē̆i-, lē̆i-, olī̆nā IE    1. lē̆i- to bend; elbow
309-10 ēl- IE    line, strip
310 ēlā IE    awl, bodkin
310 elg- poor, needy
310 elk-, elək- 7. el- hungry; bad?
310 elkos- IE    boil, abscess
310-11 em- IE    to take
311 embhi-, empi- bee, gnat, mosquito
311-14 1. en IE    3. nei- in
314 2. en- IE    year
314 ēn behold! look here!
314-15 1. enebh-, embh-, ombh-, nō̆bh-, nēbh-?, m̥bh- IE    navel
315-16 2. enebh- : nebh-, embh-, m̥bh- IE    2. nebh- wet, damp; cloud, nimbus; water
316-18 enek̑-, nek̑-, enk̑-, n̥k̑- IE    to reach, obtain
318 ē̆neu, ē̆nu IE    without
318-19 e-neu̯en, neu̯n̥, enu̯n̥ IE    neu̯os nine
319 eng-, n̥gḗn IE    bump, swelling
319-21 eno-, possibly e-no- : ono- : no- : -ne- IE    2. ne that
321 en(o)mn̥-, (o)nomn̥, nōmn̥ IE    nōmn̥ name
321-22 enos-, or onos- IE    onus, burden
322 enq-, onq- to sigh, groan
322 ent-, better ant-? to weave
323 epero- wild boar
323-25 epi, opi, pi IE    obhi- at, near, epi-
325 ēpi- comrade, companion
325 epop, opop (onomatopoeic: call of hoopoe bird)
325 eph- to cook
325-26 1. er-, or- IE    erne, eagle
326 2. er-, eri- goat, sheep
326-32 3. er- : or- : r- IE    2. ereu- to move, set in motion
332 4. er-, er-t-, er-u̯- IE    earth
332-33 5. er-, erə-, thematic (e)r-ĕ- IE    2. rē̆- loose, crumbly
333 ereb-, orob-, rōb- to drill, make holes, hollow out
334 ē̆reb(h)-, ō̆rob(h)- IE    regos- (dark color, reddish brown)
334 ered- red- to flow away; dampness
335 ereg(h)o-, erog(h)o- IE    pea, legume
335 1. erek-, er[e]gh- tick, mite, louse
335 2. er(e)k-, rek-, rok- to tear, cut, split
335 1. eres- to stab, pierce
336-37 2. ere-s-, ers-, r̥s-, eres-, and rē̆s-, rō̆s- IE    rēs- to flow
337 1. ereu- IE    4. reu- to ask, seek
338 2. ereu- ers- to tear, rip up
338 1. erə-, rē-, er(e)- IE    3. rē- to row; oar
338-39 2. erə-, rē- IE    4. rē- to rest, be still
339 er(ə)d-, (er(ə)d-), er(ə)dh- IE    high; to grow
339 ergh- IE    to shake, tremble
340 erk- ar(e)-g̑- to beam, shine; to praise
340 ers- : orsos IE    1. rebh- tail; arse, rump, backside
340-42 es- IE    is, to be
342 esu-s : su- IE    good, able
342-43 ē̆s- IE    niz-do- to sit
343 es-en-, os-en- IE    summer, harvest time
343 ē̆s-r̥(g), genitive es-n-és IE    blood
343 et(e)n- seed, grain
344 ēter- IE    intestines
344 eti IE    out, beyond, etc.
345 ētī- IE    anət- eider (duck)
345 ēt-mén- IE    breath
345 ētro- IE    āt(e)r- quick, swift, hurried
345-46 1. eu-, euə- : u̯ā-, u̯ə- IE    u̯āsto-s to lack, want; empty, vacant
346 2. eu- IE    to dress, put on
346 3. eu- to feel
347 4. eu- (exclamation of joy)
347 ēudh-, ōudh-, ūdh- IE    udder
347 euk- IE    to accustom oneself, be used to
347-48 eus- IE    9. u̯es- to burn
348 eu̯egh- IE    to praise, worship, avow, speak formally
349 g̑ā̆b- to show, watch out for
349 gag-, gōg- IE    something round/lumpy
349-50 1. gal- IE    bald, callow, naked
350-51 2. gal- IE    ghel- to call, cry
351 3. gal-, or ghal- IE    to be able
351 gan(dh)- vessel
352 gang- IE    to mock, scorn
352 g̑ā̆r- IE    2. ger- to call, cry
353 garəg̑- grim, grievous, dreadful
353 gāu- IE    to rejoice, be glad
353 g̑ebh- g̑egh- bough, branch, stick
354 g̑egh-, g̑ogh- g̑ebh- branch, bush; picket
354-55 gei- IE    *dəg̑h-mó- to bend, turn
355 gē(i)- : gō(i)- : gī- to cry, sing
355-56 g̑ēi-, g̑ī- IE    to sprout
356 geid- IE    to stab; kittle, tickle
356 g̑eid- to suck
356 geig̑- to bite, prick, stab
356 g̑eis- gravel
357-64 1. gel- IE    to curl, form into ball; round
365 2. gel-, and gel- IE    to glut, devour, envelop
365-66 3. gel(ə)- IE    cool, cold; to keel, freeze
366-67 g̑el-, g̑elə-, g̑lē-, also *gelēi- : g̑(e)ləi- IE    bright; to shine, be joyful
367 gelebh- IE    gleubh- to flay, scrape
367 geli-, glī- mouse
367-68 g̑(e)lōu̯- IE    sister-in-law
368-69 gem- IE    to grasp, grip; be full
369 g̑embh-, g̑m̥bh-, g̑ombhos IE    g̑ep(h)- to bite; tooth
369-70 g̑em(e)- IE    to marry
370-73 gen- IE    1. ken- to pinch, press together, etc.
373-75 1. g̑en-, g̑enə-, g̑nē-, g̑nō- IE    to bear, produce, generate
376-78 2. g̑en-, g̑enə-, g̑nē-, g̑nō- IE    to ken, know, recognize
378-79 genebh-, genobh- IE    pin, wooden plug
379-80 geng-, gong- lump
380 gengh- to turn, weave
380-81 1. g̑enu-, g̑neu- IE    knee, joint
381-82 2. g̑enu-, fem., g̑enədh- : g̑onədh- IE    chin, jaw(bone)
382 g̑ep(h)-, g̑ebh- IE    g̑embh- jaw, jowl, mouth; to eat
382-83 1. ger-, gere- IE    to cram, collect, put together
383-85 2. ger- IE    4. ger(ə)- (onomatopoeic: to crow, shriek, etc.)
385-90 3. ger- IE    to turn, wind, curl
390 4. ger-, grēi- to grow, awaken
390-91 g̑er-, g̑erə-, g̑rē- IE    to rub; rotten; to age, ripen; grain
392 gerebh- IE    grēb(h)o-s to carve, scratch; write
392-93 g̑ers- IE    to bend, turn
393-98 gēu-, gəu-, gū- IE    gou̯ə- to bend, curl; cup, vessel
399 g̑eu-, g̑eu̯ə-, also geu̯ə- IE    to hurry, promote
399 g(e)u-lo- IE    glowing coal
399-400 g̑eus- IE    to taste, degust, enjoy
400 g(i̯)eu-, g̑(i̯)eu- IE    to chew
400-1 glag-, or glak- IE    milk
401 gleg̑- soft, tender
401 g̑lei- to attack, run at
401-2 gleubh- IE    gelebh- to cut, cleave, pare, slice
402 glōgh- : gləgh- IE    barb, spike
402 1. gol-, lengthened grade gōl-, reduced grade gol- to camp, lie down; den (of animals)
403 2. gol- bough, branch, twig
403 gō̆u-, gou̯ə-, gū- to call, cry
403-4 gou̯ə-, or gau̯ə-? : gū- IE    gēu- hand; to grab
404 gras- : grō̆s- IE    to gnaw, eat, devour
404 grēb(h)o-s : grōb(h)o-s gred- beech or hornbeam (tree)
405 gred- : grod- IE    gerebh- to grate, scratch
405 grem- IE    to be damp; to sink
405-6 1. greus- to crush, crumble, crackle
406 2. greus- to burn, smolder
406 greut- IE    to crush, press; curd
406 grōd-, grəd- 2. gher- hail?
406 gru- IE    to grunt (of pigs)
407 gha gha, ghe ghe, ghi ghi IE    g̑han- to cackle, gaggle (of geese)
407-9 ghabh- IE    to take, grab, seize
409 ghabh(o)lo-, masc., ghabh(o)lā fem. IE    branch, fork
409 g̑hāgh- young bird/animal
409-10 ghaido-, or g̑haido- IE    goat, kid
410 ghais- IE    to stick, be fixed to
410 g̑haiso-, or g̑həiso- : g̑hēiso- IE    dart; staff, stick
410 ghait-ā curly/wavy hair
411 g̑hal-, g̑hal-ar- flaw, defect; harm
411 g̑halg(h)- IE    flexible twig
411 g̑han- g̑han-s- to yawn
412 g̑han-s- IE    1. g̑hē- goose
412-13 1. g̑hasto-, g̑hazdho- IE    pole, rod, gad; twig
413 2. g̑hasto- arm, hand
413-14 g̑hau-, g̑hau̯ə- IE    to call
414 ghau̯o- false
414-16 g̑hðem-, g̑hðom-, genitive-ablative g̑h(ð)m-és IE    earth, ground, soil, humus
416 g̑hði̯és, zero-grade g̑hðis, simplified to g̑hðés, g̑hi̯és, g̑hés IE    yesterday
416-17 g̑hðū-, or g̑hi̯ū-? IE    fish, ichthyoid
417-18 ghe-, gho- IE    g̑hō (enclitic (emphatic?) particle)
418-19 1. g̑hē-, g̑hēi- IE    2. g̑hē- to lack, be empty; leave, go out
419-22 2. g̑hē- : ghə-, and g̑hēi- : g̑hī- IE    gha gha to gape, yawn
423 ghebh-el-, ghebh-el-, ghebh-elo- IE    gable, head
423 ghed- IE    to defecate; hole, opening
423-24 ghedh-, ghodh- IE    to join, unite, gather, make a bond
424 ghegh- to bend, curve
424 g̑(h)eg̑h- ferret (or similar carnivorous mammal)
424-25 1. g̑hei-, g̑hēi- IE    g̑hēu- to goad, drive; to throw, wound
425-26 2. g̑hei- : g̑hi- IE    snow; winter
426-27 gheidh- IE    gheig̑h- to desire, yearn for
427 gheig̑h- IE    gheidh- to desire, yearn for
427 gheis-, and g̑heiz-d- IE    shocked, aghast, confused
428 ghel- IE    6. kel- to yell, call, cry
429-34 1. g̑hel-, and ghel-?, also as i-, u-, or n-stem; g̑helə-, g̑hlē-, g̑hlō-, g̑hlə- IE    ghlādh- to shine, glare, glow; gold, yellow, bright color
434 2. g̑hel- IE    to cut?
434 g̑hēlā wine?
434 gheldh- to desire, wish for
435 ghel(ē̆)g̑h- IE    (type of metal)
435 gheləd- IE    hail, ice
435 ghelg̑h- gland
435 ghel-ond-, ghol-n̥d- stomach, intestines
435 ghel-ōu-, ghelū- IE    turtle, tortoise
436 ghel-tō, Germanic and ghel-dhō Slavic IE    to cost, pay, be worth
436 ghelunā IE    jaw, gill
436-37 ghen- IE    to grind, crack open, gnaw to pieces
437-38 ghend-, and ghed- IE    to get, grasp, seize
438 ghendh-, ghondh- IE    boil, abscess
438-39 g̑hengh- IE    to step, stride, march
439 1. gher- IE    g̑hlād- (onomatopoeic: to snarl, rattle, etc.)
439-40 2. gher- ghrēi- to rub, stroke hard
440 3. gher-, ghrē- : ghrō- : ghrə- IE    7. g̑her- to come out, jut out
440-41 1. g̑her- IE    to desire, yearn for
441 2. g̑her- IE    g̑herzd(h) to gash, slit, scrape, scratch
441-42 3. g̑her-, and g̑herə-, g̑hrē- IE    to beam, shine, shimmer
442-43 4. g̑her- IE    g̑herdh- to grab, grip, seize
443 5. g̑her-, g̑hor-nā IE    bowels
443 6. g̑her-, g̑herə- : g̑hrē-? IE    short, small
443 7. g̑her- g̑hers- to stiffen, stand out
444 g̑herdh-, and gherdh- IE    g̑hesto- to gird, enclose, encompass
445 1. ghers-, ghres- horror, disgust, revulsion
445 2. ghers- (type of weed, e.g. goat's foot)
445-46 g̑hers- IE    ghrē- to stiffen, bristle, stand out
446 gherto- milk, butter
446 g̑herzd(h), genitive g̑hr̥zd(h)-es, g̑herzdā IE    2. g̑her- barley, prickly grain
446 g̑héslo- IE    thousand, chiliad
447 g̑hesor-, g̑hesr- IE    hand
447 g̑hesto- IE    4. g̑her- arm, hand
447-48 1. g̑heu- IE    to gush, pour, found
448 2. g̑heu-, g̑heu-d- IE    to die, disappear, get away
449 g̑hēu- : g̑hō(u)- : g̑həu- IE    1. g̑hei- to gape, yawn
450 gheub(h)- to bend, move
450 gheug̑h-, ghū̆g̑h- to conceal, do secretly
451 gheu̯ei̯ā, g̑heu̯ei̯ā pit, hollow
451 ghlādh- 1. g̑hel- bright, brilliant
451 g̑hlād- 1. gher- to call, sound
451 ghleu- IE    to be happy, joyful, gleeful
451-52 g̑hō IE    ū̆d- behind; towards
452 ghoilo-s IE    foaming, turbulent, frothing up
452 ghom- stall
452 ghō̆s- to eat
453 ghosti-s IE    guest, stranger
453 ghou̯(ē)- IE    to gawk, be aware of, pay attention to
453-54 ghou-ro-s IE    frightened, frightening
454 ghous- to sound, hear
454 ghrē- : ghrō- : ghrə- IE    3. gher- to grow, become green
455 1. ghrebh-, gherbh-, root extension ghrebhā- IE    2. ghrebh- to grab, grasp
455-56 2. ghrebh- IE    ghreib- to dig, grub, grave, scratch
456-57 ghredh- IE    to stride, march
457 ghrēi- : ghrəi- : ghrī-, and lit. ghrei- IE    1. ghrem- to smear over
457-58 ghreib- IE    1. ghrebh- to grip, grab
458 1. ghrem- IE    ghren- to rub, scratch
458-59 2. ghrem- IE    to grumble; resound, thunder
459 ghren- IE    2. ghrēu- to grind, rub, stroke hard
459-60 ghrendh- beam
460 1. ghrēu- : ghrəu- : ghrū- IE    to collapse, fall down
460-62 2. ghrēu- : ghrəu- : ghrū- IE    grōd- to crush, rub sharply
462 ghroud- (round body part, e.g. cheek, bosom)
463-65 gā-, gem- IE    gem- to come, go
465 gā̆dh- IE    to dive, sink, submerge
465-66 1. gēbh-, or gābh-?, gəbh- IE    to plunge, dive in
466 2. gēb(h)- IE    slimy; frog
466-67 gedh- IE    to hit, push; harm, injure
467 1. gei- IE    to cry, weep, complain
467 2. gei- to enclose, push together
467-69 3. gei̯-, and gei̯ə- IE    to live, survive
469 gēi-, or gei̯ə- : gī- hide, skin
469 geid(h)- IE    mud
469-70 gei̯ə- IE    to prevail, overpower, be mighty
470-71 1. gel- IE    to stab; pain, death, quell
471-72 2. gel-, gelə-, glē- IE    to flow, drip down; throw
472-73 3. gel-, gel-, glā- IE    acorn, valonia; oak?
473 gelbh- IE    womb, uterus; young animal
473 gem- gā- to go, come
473-74 gē̆nā IE    wife, queen, woman
474-76 1. ger-, gerə- IE    to swallow; craw, gorge, throat
476-77 2. ger-, gerə-, gerəu-, gerī- IE    grave, heavy
477-78 3. ger-, gor- IE    gretso- mountain
478 4. ger(ə)- IE    g̑ā̆r- to praise, congratulate, raise one's voice
479 g̑u̯er-, g̑u̯erə- IE    to burn, be hot
479 geru- pole, spit
479-80 ges-, zges- IE    to quench, extinguish
480 gu̯es-, gȗos-, gus-, extended gu̯oz-do- leaves, branches
480 1. get- IE    resin
480-81 2. get- IE    to speak, talk
481 gu̯et- IE    swelling
481 gii̯ā, gii̯ós sinew
481 gis-ti-s du̯ō(u) finger
482 gīu̯- resin
482 gl̥tur(os) vulture
482 gor-g(or)o- dirt, dung
482-83 gou- IE    cow, ox, gaur
483-85 gōu-, gū- IE    dirt, dung
485 gu̯ozd(h)o-, gu̯ozd(h)i- nail, penis
485 grebh- IE    young, embryo
485 greig̑- to sleep, dream
485 grendh- IE    to swell; breast
485 gretso- IE    3. ger- big, thick, gross
485-86 grēug̑h-, grū̆g̑h- to bite, grind one's teeth
487 ghðei(ə)- IE    kþei- to destroy, perish
487-88 ghðer- IE    to flow, run
488 ghedh- IE    to ask, beg, wish for
488-89 *ghēi- : ghəi-, ghəi-d- : ghīd- IE    bright, shining
489 gheiə- : ghī- IE    vein, sinew, tendon
489 ghel- IE    to want, wish
489-90 g̑hu̯el- IE    to bend, swerve
490 g̑hu̯elg- to glance, look at
490 ghemb- to hop, spring (happily)
490-91 g̑hu̯en- to sound
491 1. ghen- IE    to swell, abound
491-93 2. ghen(-ə)- IE    to hit, strike, fend
493 g̑hu̯ē̆r- IE    wild animal
493-95 gher- IE    warm, hot
495 g̑hu̯oig- IE    to shine; star
495 g̑hu̯ōk-, g̑hu̯ək- to shine, shimmer
495 ghrē- IE    to scent, smell
496 ghren- IE    diaphragm; mind, soul
497 hā̆ IE    (surprise: ha! oh!)
497 ha ha! IE    (laughter)
499 īl-, īlu- dirt, mud; black
499 īli- IE    groin, intestines
501 i̯ā- : i̯ō- IE    to punish, be angry, excited
501 i̯ā- i̯ē-ro- to go
501-2 i̯ag- IE    to worship, venerate
502 i̯agh- to hunt, wish for
502 i̯āi i̯ām (demonstrative stem: one, this, etc.)
502 i̯ā̆m-, or i̯em- : i̯em- : i̯ōm- to dig
502 i̯ām i̯o- (demonstrative stem: one, this, etc.)
502 i̯ē- : i̯ə- IE    to do, throw, project
503 i̯ebh- eibh- to copulate
503 i̯eg- IE    ice, icicle
503 i̯ēg IE    force, strength
503-4 i̯ek- IE    i̯ēk- to speak
504 i̯ēk- : i̯ək- IE    i̯ek- to heal
504 i̯ē̆k-r̥(t-), genitive i̯ek-n-és IE    liver
504-5 iēlo- : i̯əlo- raw, unripe
505 i̯em- IE    to hold, match, defeat, geminate; twin
505-6 i̯énəter-, weak case i̯enətr-, i̯n̥̄tr- sister-in-law
506 i̯ē-ro- 1. ei- year, summer
506 i̯es- IE    to boil, foam up
506-7 i̯et- to set out, strive for
507 1. i̯eu- IE    to mix, mingle (of meal preparation)
508-10 2. i̯eu-, i̯eu̯ə-, i̯eu-g- IE    4. i̯eu- to yoke, join, tie together
510-11 3. i̯eu- IE    young
511 4. i̯eu- IE    i̯eu̯os- to separate, hold apart
511-12 i̯eu-dh- IE    to fight, move swiftly
512 i̯eug̑- to excite, arouse; unsteady
512 i̯eu-ni-, or i̯ou-ni- the right place/way
512 i̯eu̯o- IE    grain, esp. barley
512 i̯eu̯os- IE    2. i̯eu- rule, right, justice, statute
513 i̯o- i̯ou (relative stem: one, this, etc.)
513 i̯oi-ni- reed (bulrush)
513 i̯ork- (type of deer)
513 i̯ou, i̯u oi- (demonstrative stem: one, this, etc.)
513 i̯ō[u]s- : i̯ūs- IE    belt; to gird
513-14 1. i̯u- IE    6. u̯ē̆s- you (plural)
514 2. i̯ū̆ IE    yowl (exclamation of joy/wonder)
515 kā- IE    kā̆m- to like, wish, desire
515-16 kā̆, ke, kom IE    well! (particle)
516 kā̆d- k̑ād- to rob, harm, damage; chase
516 kadh- IE    to guard, cover, protect
516 1. k̑ad- IE    to fall
516-17 2. k̑ad- to shine, sparkle
517 k̑ād- : k̑ədes- : k̑əd-s- IE    kā̆d- hate, displeasure, uneasiness
517-18 kag̑o-, masc., kag̑ā- fem. IE    goat
518 kagh- : kogh- IE    to sew, plait, etc.
518 kaghlo- IE    chalk, pebble
519 1. kai-, kai-u̯o-, kai-u̯elo- IE    kai-ko- alone
519 2. kai IE    and
519 3. kā̆i-, kī̆- IE    heat
519 4. kāi-d-, kāi-t- kāi-t- bright, shining
519-20 kai-ko- IE    kai-lo- one-eyed, cyclopean
520 kaik̑-, or koik̑- kais- to itch, scratch
520 kai-lo-, kai-lu- IE    1. kai- bright; hale, whole, healthy
520 kais- kaik̑- hair
521 kāi-t- (s)kāi- bright, shining
521 kaito- IE    chet, woods, forest
521 kaiu̯r̥-t, kaiu̯n̥-t IE    cleft, hollow, ravine
521 kakka- IE    k̑ek- to cack, defecate (nursery word)
521 kāk- to croak; cracking sound
521-22 1. k̑ak- to become thin
522 2. k̑ak-, k̑ek-? IE    to help, enable
522-23 1. k̑āk- : k̑ək-, probably k̑ā[i]k- : k̑īk- IE    k̑ank- to jump, spring out
523 2. k̑ā̆k- IE    keg- branch
523-24 1. kal- IE    2. kel- hard, callous; blister
524 2. kal-, kali-, kalu- IE    handsome, beautiful; healthy
524 3. kā̆l-, kō̆l-? IE    to be captured; prison
524 kalni- IE    narrow path/passage
524-25 kam-er- IE    kam-p- to bend, curve
525 kā̆m- kā- to like, wish, desire
525 kamb- (s)kamb- to bend, curve
525 kam-p- IE    kam-er- to bend
525-26 kan- IE    to sing, chant, sound
526 kand-, skand-, and Indo-Iranian (s)kend- IE    (s)kand- to glow, shine; bright, candent
526 k̑ank- 1. k̑āk- to jump, spring out
526-27 kan-tho- IE    curve, angle, corner
527-28 kap- IE    to cop, grab, grasp; have?
529 kāp-, kəp- piece of land
529 kā̆po- thing in the water
529 kapro- IE    he-goat
529-30 kap-ut IE    head
530 kā̆pho-, or k̑ō̆pho- IE    hoof
530 1. kar- koro-s to scold, punish, revile
530-31 2. kar-, karə- IE    to glorify, praise aloud
531-32 3. kar-, reduplicated karkar- IE    hard
532 kār- wax
532-33 kars- IE    to rub, scratch
533 k̑as-, k̑as-no- IE    gray
533 k̑ās-, k̑əs- IE    to teach, show the way
534 1. kat- IE    to link, plait, weave; chain, net
534 2. kat- IE    to bear young; young animal
534 k̑at- IE    to fight, struggle; battle
535 kau- IE    to humble, discourage
535 kāu-, kəu- IE    to hew, cut, hit
535-36 kā̆u-, kē̆u-, kū- IE    to howl
536-37 kā̆u(ə)lā : kūlā boil, abscess, swelling
537 kau-l-, ku-l- IE    2. keu- hole, hollow; bone
537 kaus- to draw lots
537 k̑e- k̑o- this
537 ked- IE    to smoke
537-38 keg-, keng-, and kek-, kenk- IE    keng- peg, handle, (grappling) hook
538-39 kēi- IE    to move, set in motion
539-40 1. k̑ei- IE    to lie, recline; camp, home
540-41 2. k̑ei- IE    k̑ē-ro- (dark color: brown, gray)
541-42 k̑ē(i)- : k̑ō(i)- : k̑ə(i)- IE    to hone, whet, sharpen
542 k̑ēi-bh- IE    k̑ēi-gh- fast, hasty, violent
542 keid- IE    to fall
542-43 k̑ēi-gh- IE    k̑ēi-bh- fast, hasty, violent
543 k̑eip- to slant, slope; to wag, wave
543 k̑eipo-, k̑oipo- IE    peg, stake, sharp wood/stone chip/piece
543 keis- arm; thigh, shin
543 kek̑- weasel
543 keku- cudgel, hammer-shaped stick
544 k̑ēko- green grass/fodder
544 k̑ek- kakka- to defecate; dung, excrement
544 1. kel-, kelə- IE    to project, tower up; hill
545 2. kel- IE    3. kel- to stab, stick, sting
545-47 3. kel-, kelə-, klā-, extended klād- IE    8. kel- to hit, hew, cut down
547-48 4. kel-, and kāl- 3. ker(ə)- light and dark spots
548 5. kel- IE    keleu- to drive, compel, accelerate, move quickly
548-50 6. kel-, k(e)lē-, k(e)lā-, or kl̥̄-? IE    koli- to call, cry
550-51 7. kel-, kol-, kol- IE    calix, chalice, goblet, beaker
551 8. kel- 2. sē̆k- to cut
551 9. kel- 2. (s)kel- to owe, be guilty
551 10. kel- 3. (s)kel- to dry out
551 11. kel- kolə- to bend; crooked
551 kēl-, kōl-, kəl- IE    to deceive, dumbfound, enthrall
551-52 1. k̑el- IE    cold; warm, caloric
552 2. k̑el- IE    k̑lei- to bow, lean, incline
552-53 3. k̑el- IE    k̑oləmo-s thin shaft, stalk
553-54 4. k̑el- IE    k̑lep- to hide, conceal
554 k̑elb-, k̑elp- IE    to help
554 keleu- IE    5. kel- to wander; way, path
554 keləu̯o-, keleu̯o- IE    bald, bare
554 kelg- to wind around; windings, intrigue
555 kelp-, kl̥p- jug, pot, cauldron
555 1. kem- IE    to squeeze, hem in, press together
556 2. kem- IE    to hum, buzz, croon
556 1. k̑em-, or k̑am- horn, pole, stick
556 2. k̑em- IE    (s)k̑em- hornless (normally horned) animal
556-57 3. k̑em- IE    to wrap, cover, conceal
557 4. k̑em(ə)- IE    to be/make tired
557-58 kemə-, komə-, kmā- IE    bite, piece
558 kemero-, komero-, kemero- (plant name)
558 kemer- IE    armored animal (crab, turtle, etc.)
558-59 1. ken- IE    gen- to pinch, press, etc.
559-63 2. ken-, kenə-, keni-, kenu- IE    to rub, scrape, scratch off; ashes
563-64 3. ken- IE    to begin, be born, come forth anew; young, recent
564 4. ken- IE    to strain, strive eagerly
564 k̑en- void, empty
564-65 kenəkó- IE    golden, honey-colored
565 keng-, kenk- k̑enk- peg, handle, (grappling) hook
565 1. kenk- IE    to bind, gird
565 2. kenk- IE    to burn, hurt; dry feeling: thirst, hunger
566 3. kenk- IE    heel, hock, back of knee
566 k̑enk-, k̑onk- IE    2. k̑ā̆k- to hang, sway, dangle
566 k̑ens- IE    sengh- to announce, proclaim, speak formally
567 kenth(o)- rag, cloth
567 k̑ent- IE    to stab, stick
567-71 1. ker-, kor-, kr- IE    k̑re- (onomatopoeic: hoarse sound)
571 2. ker- kerəp- to cut
571-72 3. ker(ə)- IE    kers- to burn
572-73 4. ker- IE    cherry
573 5. ker-?, kō̆r- to hang
573-74 6. ker-, and k̑er- k̑erbero- dirty, dark-colored, etc.
574 7. ker- 2. (s)ker- to jump, turn
574-77 1. k̑er-, k̑erə- : k̑rā-, k̑erei-, k̑ereu- IE    horn, head, upper part of body
577 2. k̑er-, k̑erə-, k̑rē- IE    to grow, increase
577-78 3. k̑er- rope, string; to plait, weave
578 4. k̑er-, and k̑erə- : k̑rē- IE    k̑rē- to harm, injure; ruined, spoiled
578 k̑erbero-, and kerbero- k̑ormen- checkered, variegated
579 1. kerd- to gird
579 2. kerd- IE    craft, talent; skilled
579 k̑erdho-, k̑erdhā IE    line, row, herd
579-80 k̑ered- : k̑erd-, k̑ērd-, k̑r̥d-, k̑red- IE    k̑red- heart
580-81 kerem-, krem- : krom-, and kerm- IE    krem- onion or garlic; ash (tree)
581 kerəp-, krēp- 2. krēp- cloth, leather rag; shoe
581 kerk̑- : kork̑- : kr̥k̑- to wrinkle, shrivel up
582 k̑erə-, k̑rā- IE    k̑rā- to cook
582 kerm- to rest, tire
582 kerno- jaw, chin(bone)
582 k̑ē-ro- 2. k̑ei- colorful (or a color term)
583 kers- IE    1. k̑er(s)- black, dirty; dark color
583 1. k̑er(s)- IE    4. kel- bristle, stiff hair
583-84 2. k̑ers- IE    to run, course
584-85 kert-, kerət-, krāt- IE    krāt- to roll, turn, wind
585-86 kes- IE    ks-en- to comb, itch, scratch
586 k̑es- IE    to cut
586-87 kē̆t-, kot- IE    room, dwelling place
587-88 1. keu-, skeu-, lengthened grade kēu- IE    4. (s)keu- to see, hear, observe, hearken, attend to
588-92 2. keu-, keu̯ə- IE    kau-l- to bend
592-94 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- IE    to swell
594-95 2. k̑eu- IE    to shine, be bright
595 1. k̑ēu- : k̑ū- to sway, totter
595 2. k̑ēu- : k̑əu-, k̑ū- IE    to burn, light (a fire)
595 k̑eub- thorn
595-96 keuəd-, kū̆d- 1. skeud- to cry, shout
596-97 keu̯əp- : ku̯ēp-, ku̯əp-, kū̆p-, and occasionally keu̯(e)p-, k(e)u̯ep- IE    to boil, cook, smoke
597 k̑ēu̯ero-, k̑ōu̯ero-, also sk̑ūro-? IE    north (wind)
597 k̑euk- IE    to glow, shine, be bright white
597 k̑euk̑-, k̑uk̑- to whirl, mix together
598 kik- jay (bird)
598 1. k̑ik- IE    belt, strap, thong
598 2. k̑ī̆k- to rain, drizzle
598 k̑ik̑er- pea
598 k̑īō̆n-, k̑īsō̆n-? pillar
598 k̑iph- thin flexible twig/root
599 kistā basket, plaited container
599 klā- IE    to lade, place, heap up, lay down
599 klādhrā alder (tree)
599 klau- to weep
599-600 klēg-, klōg-, kləg-, klang-, kleg-, klōg-, kleig-, kleik- IE    to cry, shout, scream
600-2 k̑lei- IE    2. k̑el- to lean, incline, tip (over)
602 kleik̑- to press/squeeze (painfully)
602-3 klem-, klēm-, klem- weak, slack, feeble, ailing
603 kleng-, and klenk- IE    to bend, wind
603 kleno- maple (tree)
603 klep- 2. k̑leu- wet, damp
604 k̑lep-, sk̑lep-? IE    4. k̑el- to steal, cover, secrete
604 klēp- to hold in arms and/or lap
604-5 klēu-, also klĕu-?, and klāu- IE    hook, crook
605-7 1. k̑leu-, k̑leu̯ə- : k̑lū- IE    to hear, listen
607 2. k̑leu- : *k̑lō[u]- : k̑lū- IE    sk̑lēk- to clean, rinse, swill
607-8 k̑lou-ni- hip, buttock
608 knei-gh-, knei-b- IE    to bow, kneel
608 kneug- (onomatopoeic: to growl, whimper)
608 knid-, k̑nid-, sknid- nit, louse
609-10 k̑o-, k̑e-, with the particle k̑e, k̑(e)i-, k̑(i)i̯o- IE    k̑e- this; here
610 kob- IE    to fit, fare well, be happy/successful
610 koi-, ku̯ī- (creaking noise)
610 koi-lo- naked; miserable
610 k̑oi-no- grass
611 kois- IE    to cure, worry, care for
611 ko ko, kak(k)-, ku(r)kur- (onomatopoeic: sound of cock/hen)
611 kok̑sā IE    body part: foot, coxa, etc.
611-12 kolə- : klō- IE    4. (s)kel- to spin
612 k̑oləmo-s, k̑oləmā IE    3. k̑el- reed, stalk, stem, culm
612 kol(ē̆)i̯- IE    glue
612 koli- 5. (s)kel- young dog/animal
612-13 kom IE    at, by, cum, with, alongside
613-14 konəmo-, knāmo-, or kenəmo- IE    shinbone
614 k̑onk- IE    to doubt, vacillate
614 k̑onkho- IE    conch, clam(shell), mussel
614 k̑op(h)elo-s, or k̑ap(h)elo-s (type of carp)
614-15 kopso- blackbird
615 k̑orkā grit, gravel
615 k̑ormen- 6. ker- weasel
615 k̑ormno-, k̑r̥mno- corrosive liquid: lye, wine, urine, etc.
615 k̑ormo- IE    harm, pain, torment, suffering
615-16 koro-s, kori̯o-s IE    1. kar- war, army, warrior
616 kos(e)lo- IE    hazel (tree)
616 kost- IE    leg, bone, costa
616 k̑rā̆po-, k̑rō̆po-? IE    roof
616 k̑rā- k̑erə- to cook, mix
616 krāt- kert- to roll, turn, wind
616-17 krā[u]- : krəu- : krū̆- IE    to heap up, pile together; heap; roof
617 k̑re-, k̑rei-, k̑r̥̄- kreb- (hoarse sound)
617 k̑rē- 4. k̑er- to harm, injure; ruined, spoiled
617 kreb- 2. kreg- (hoarse sound)
617 k̑rebh-, k̑rō̆bh-, k̑rembh- to entrust
617-18 kred- IE    beams
618 k̑red- k̑ered- heart
618 1. kreg-, and kerg-? to torment
618 2. kreg- 2. krei- (hoarse sound)
618 1. krei- IE    to brush, stroke, touch
618 2. krei-, kreig-, kreik- 3. krek- (hoarse sound)
618 k̑rei- IE    to appear, show forth
618-19 1. krek- IE    to hit
619 2. krek-, kr̥k- IE    roe, fish/frog spawn
619 3. krek- 2. krep- (hoarse sound)
619 4. krē̆k- : krok- to tower, jut out; beams
619 krem- kerem- onion or garlic; ash (tree)
620 1. krep-, kr̥p- IE    form; corpse, body
620 2. krep- 4. kreu- (hoarse sound)
620 1. krēp- firm, strong
620 2. krēp- 4. (s)ker- cloth, leather; shoe
620 1. kret- IE    to shake
621 2. kret- IE    to hit
621-22 1. kreu-, kreuə- : krū-, kreus-, krus- IE    raw flesh, thick/clotting blood; ice, crust
622 2. kreu- to crash, collapse, fall down
622-23 3. kreu-, krou-s- IE    to push, hit, break
623 4. kreu- 5. (s)ker- (hoarse sound)
623 kreup- scab
623 kreu-t-, kreu-dh-? IE    to shake, move visibly
623-24 krom- lattice, framework, wooden fence, etc.
624 kr(o)k-sko- arm
624 k̑rūs- leg, shank, thigh
624 krū̆t- IE    breast, belly; vault, protuberance
624 k̑sā- k̑sē̆-ro- to burn
625 kseip-, kseib- to toss, throw
625 ks-en-, ks-es-, ks-eu- kes- to comb, itch, scratch
625 k̑sē̆-ro- IE    k̑sā- dry, xeric, bright (of weather)
625 kseubh- to sway, swing, totter
625 kseud- to grind, stamp to little pieces
626 k̑þei- IE    to settle
626 kþē(i)-, kþə(i)- IE    to gain, acquire, possess
626 ku-, kus- IE    to kiss
626-27 k̑ū- sharp, pointed; pike, stake
627 k̑ū̆dh- dirt, dung
627 kuku IE    (onomatopoeic: to coo, cuckoo)
627 k̑up- shoulder
627 ku̯ak- IE    (onomatopoeic: to quack, croak)
627-28 ku̯at(h)- IE    to ferment, become sour
628 1. k̑u̯ei-, k̑u̯ei-no- dirt, mud; to defile
628 2. k̑u̯ei- IE    to hiss, twitter, whistle, etc.
628-29 3. k̑uei-, extended kuei-d-, kuei-s-, kuei-t- IE    to shine; white
629 k̑u̯ek-, nasalized k̑u̯enk- : k̑uk- to gape
629 k̑u̯el- muddy
630 ku̯elək-, or kelək-, kolək- 2. ku̯elp- bale, bundle
630 1. ku̯elp-, ku̯elb- : ku̯l̥p/b- : klup/b- IE    to stumble, buckle at the knees; to trot
630 2. ku̯elp- IE    ku̯elək- to curve, vault
630 k̑u̯en- IE    to celebrate; saint
631 k̑u̯endh-ro-, -no- (type of plant)
631 ku̯erp-, also ku̯erb- IE    to turn, wind
631-32 k̑u̯es-, k̑us- IE    to pant, puff, sigh, wheeze
632 ku̯ēt-, ku̯ət- : kū̆t- IE    (s)kū̆t- to shake, winnow
632 ku̯oi-, ku̯ī- to want, wish for
632-33 k̑u̯on-, k̑un- IE    hound, dog
633 ku̯res-, ku̯ers-, ku̯r̥s- small wood, trees
634 kha kha (laughter)
635 kalo-s (s)kalo-s (big fish)
635 kas-i̯o-, -lo- basket, plaited work
635-36 1. ke IE    kene (enclitic) and
636 2. ke- ko- (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)
636 kē̆d-, kō̆d- IE    to bore, drill, prick, stab
636-37 1. kei(-t)- IE    to observe with respect, pay attention to
637-38 2. kei- IE    to stow, gather, pile up
638 kei̯ə-, kii̯ē- IE    to rest comfortably; quiet, peaceful, tranquil
638-39 kek̑-, kōk̑-, kek̑-s- IE    to see, show, appear
639-40 1. kel-, kelə- IE    to turn; wheel; neck?
640 2. kel- IE    far away
640 3. kel- IE    crowd, herd, swarm
640-41 kem- to gulp, sip, swallow
641 kene 1. ke (particle: uncertainty, generalization)
641 kenth- IE    to suffer, endure
641-42 1. ker- IE    (s)ker- to do, make, form
642 2. ker- IE    dish, pot
642 keru- to chew, grind
642-44 ketu̯er-, ketu̯ō̆r-, ketur- (masc.), ketes(o)r- (fem.) IE    four, fourth
644-48 ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- IE    2. ke- (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)
648 krei- IE    to buy
649 kr̥mi- grub, worm, maggot
649 ksep- dark
649 kþei- ghðei(ə)- to destroy, perish
649 kās- : kəs- IE    to cough
650-51 1. lā-, and lē- IE    lē- (onomatopoeic: to bark, howl, etc.)
651 2. lā- IE    to be hidden, covered, latent
651 lab-, and labh-, lap(h)- IE    lak- to lap, lick, smack (the lips), etc.
652 labh- IE    rabh- to grab, hold, seize
652 lā̆gh- lāgh- to cut; cutting tool
652 lāgh- (s)lā̆g- to grab, seize
652 lai- fat, lard
652 laidh-, lidh- IE    to cut, hurt, injure
652 laiu̯o- IE    (on the) left
652-53 lā[i]p-, ləip-, ləp- IE    to burn, shine
653 lak- lab- to lap, lick
653 lak̑- IE    to spot, sprinkle
653 laku- IE    (water in) lake, pond, ditch, etc.
653-54 lāmā swamp, puddle
654 lāp- cow
654 las- IE    greedy, covetous
654-55 lat- IE    wet, damp; swamp
655 lāu- IE    to acquire (as booty), enjoy something
655 lauk(o)-, ləuk- (s)leug- jaw; throat
655 lē- 3. lēu- (onomatopoeic: to bark, howl, etc.)
655-57 lē̆b-, lō̆b-, lāb-, leb- IE    (s)leb- lip; to slump, hang down slackly
657 1. leg- IE    to leak, drip, dribble, ooze out
658 2. leg- to worry
658 leg̑- IE    to gather, collect
658-59 legh- IE    2. lēg̑h- to lie, recline, set down
660 1. lēg̑(h)- : ləg̑(h)- branch, twig
660 2. lēg̑h- : ləg̑h- IE    legh- to crawl; low
660-61 legh- IE    to move easily
661 1. lē̆i-, lek- 2. leik- to flex, bend
661-62 2. lei- IE    1. leig- to dissipate, disappear; thin, weak
662-64 3. lei- IE    4. lē̆i- slimy; to slip, glide
664-65 4. lē̆i- IE    1. lendh- to pour
665 1. lē[i]- : ləi- IE    to want, wish
665 2. lē(i)- IE    3. lē(i)- to grant/acquire possession
666 3. lē(i)- IE    lēs to weaken, leave behind; feeble
666 leibh- 1. leip- to smear, stick
666 leid- IE    to play, joke
667 1. leig-, and leik-, better oleig-, oleik- IE    1. leik- needy, miserable
667 2. lē̆ig-, līg- IE    form, appearance; like, similar
667-68 3. leig-, loig- IE    to hop, jump, tremble
668 4. leig-, leig̑- IE    to tie, bind, ligate
668 leig̑h-, sleig̑h- IE    to lick
669 1. leik- 2. leit(h)- to offer for sale
669 2. leik- IE    8. el- to bend
669-70 leik- IE    to leave, relinquish
670-71 1. leip- IE    leibh- to smear (with fat), stick
671 2. leip- to desire, request, wish for
671 leis- IE    to furrow; learn
672 1. leit- IE    to loathe, detest, abhor; violate
672 2. leit(h)- IE    2. el- to die, go away
672-73 leizd-, loizd- IE    edge, fringe, hem
673 1. lek-? : lok- to blame, scold, reprove
673 2. lek- : lek-, and lēk- : lək- IE    r̥ksā joint, leg, body member; to bend, wind
673-74 1. lēk- : lək- IE    tendril; trap
674 2. lēk- : lək- IE    to lacerate, tear to pieces
674 1. lem- IE    to break, crush to pieces; lame, fragile
675 2. lem- astonishment (with the notion of wide open jaws)
675 1. lendh- (s)leidh- spring (of water), wetness
675 2. lendh- IE    hip, loins; kidney
675 3. lendh- IE    heath, steppe, open land
676 leng- lenk- to sway, bend oneself
676 lengh- to scold, scorn
676-77 lenk- IE    leng- to bend
677 lento- IE    lithe, flexible, pliable
677-78 1. lep- (onomatopoeic root)
678 2. lep- IE    to flay, peel, skin
678 3. lep- rock, stone
679 lēp-, lōp-, ləp- IE    flat
679 lerd- to twist, shrivel up
679 lerg- lorgā- even, smooth, slippery
680 les- IE    to lease, collect, pick up
680 lēs : ləs- 2. lē(i)- weak, slack, feeble
680 leto-, lēti-, lēto-, lōto- heat, burning, anger
680 lēto-, ləto- IE    daytime; summer, warm season
681 letro- IE    3b. pel- leather
681 1. leu-, *leu̯ə- : lū̆- IE    2. leu-g- dirt
681-82 2. leu- IE    leup- to free, cut off, separate
682-83 1. lēu- to leave behind
683 2. lēu- : ləu- IE    stone
683 3. lēu-, or lāu- IE    1. lā- (onomatopoeic: to bark, howl, etc.)
683-84 leubh- IE    to love, like, care for
684 leud- IE    to lout, bend over, duck down; bent, little, etc.
684-85 1. leudh- IE    to grow up; free; people
685 2. leu-dh- 6. el- to go, move, drive
685-86 1. leug- IE    to bend
686 2. leu-g- : lu-g- : lū-g- 1. leu- blackish; swamp
686 leug̑- IE    to break
686-87 1. leugh- IE    to lie, belie, prevaricate
687 2. leugh-, lugh- oath
687-90 leuk- IE    to light, shine; see
690-91 leup-, and leub-, leubh- IE    2. leu- to lift, peel, cut/break off, etc.
691 lēut- : lūt- angry, raging, wrathful
691 lī̆-no- IE    flax, linen
691 log̑- rod, twig
691-92 lorgā-, lorgi- lerg- stick, club
692 lou-, lou̯ə- IE    to lave, wash
692 lū̆s, genitive luu̯-ós IE    louse
693 1. mā- to beckon, wave (hand); deceive
693 2. mā- IE    timely, opportune
694 3. mā IE    mātér- ma, mama (nursery words)
694-95 mad- IE    to drip; wet; fat, glossy, well-fed
695 magh- : māgh- IE    to help, be able; might, power
696 maghos IE    maiden, young person
696-97 mag̑- IE    2. māk- to knead, press, stroke
697 mag̑h- IE    to fight, struggle
697 1. mai- IE    to maim, hew, cut with sharp instrument
697 2. mai-, moi-? IE    to smudge, stain
698 mak- IE    skin, leather bag
698 1. mā̆k- IE    wet, damp; to soak
698 2. māk- IE    men(ə)k- to knead, press
698 mā̆k(en)- poppy
699 mak̑o-, or mok̑-o- fly, gnat
699 māk̑- : mək̑- IE    long and slender
699 makh-o-s bold, wild, frisky, unbridled
699 mand- mend- pen/hurdle of plaited rods/twigs
699-700 mā-no-, mā-ni- IE    wet, damp
700 manu-s, or monu-s IE    man, human being
700 marko- IE    mare, horse
700 1. math-, or moth- IE    moth, harmful insect
700 2. mat- IE    club, hoe, mattock
700-1 mātér- IE    3. mā mother
701 mau-ro- tired, weak; dark
701-2 mazdo-s IE    mast, pole
702 1. me- IE    eg̑- me (1st pers. sg. oblique pronoun stem)
702-3 2. me- IE    medhi- by, with, amidst, around
703 1. mē- IE    1. am- (prohibitive particle: lest, that not)
703 2. mē-, m-e-t- IE    met- to mow, reap
703-4 3. mē-, m-e-t- IE    1. med- to measure
704 4. mē-, mō- IE    big, important
704-5 5. mē-, mō-, mə- IE    to be intent; of strong will
705-6 1. med- IE    mēnōt to mete, allot; medicate, give advice
706 2. med- IE    to swell
706-7 medhi-, medhi̯o- IE    2. me- middle
707 médhu IE    mead, honey
707 mē̆gh- IE    friendly, well-disposed
708-9 meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)- IE    big, much, great, major, mega-
709 1. mei- IE    4. mei- to mure, repair, strengthen; pole
710 2. mei- IE    mei-g- to change, mutate, exchange
710 3. mei- IE    to go, wander
710 4. mei- IE    1. mei- to tie, bind
711 5. mei-, mi-neu- IE    to lessen, diminish; small, minor
711 6. mei-, mei̯u-, min(u)-, mim(ei)- mek- (onomatopoeic: high thin sound)
711-12 7. mēi- : mōi- : mī- IE    mild, soft
712-13 meigh-, also meik- meis- to flicker, twinkle; mist
713 meig̑h- IE    to micturate, urinate
713 mei-g- IE    mei-k̑- to (ex)change
714 mei-k̑-, and mei-g̑-? IE    2. mei-t(h)- to mix, mash, stir
714 mei-no- IE    view, opinion, intention
714 meis- meigh- to flicker, twinkle; mist
715 1. meit(h)- place to stay
715 2. mei-t(h)- IE    2. mei- to commute, (ex)change
715-16 mek- 1. mū̆- (onomatopoeic: to bleat)
716-19 1. mel-, also smel-, melə- : mlē-, mel-d- : ml-ed-, mel-dh-, ml-ēi- : mlī̆-, melə-k- : mlā-k-, mlēu- : mlū̆- IE    to mill, grind; fine, ground
719-20 2. mel- IE    to deceive
720 3. mel- IE    to hesitate
720 4. mel- IE    melg̑h- big, strong
720 5. mel- IE    limb; to join
720-21 6. mel-, melə- IE    2. smel- dark color (black, dirty, etc.)
721 7. mel- wool, woolen garment
721-22 8. mel-, melə- : mlō- to appear, come forth
722 1. meldh- IE    to utter ritual words (to deity)
722 2. meldh- IE    lightning
722-23 mē̆lg̑-, or meləg̑-? IE    1. melk- to milk, pluck, wipe off
723 melg̑h- 4. mel- to swell
723-24 meli-t, genitive mel-nés IE    honey
724 1. melk- mē̆lg̑- to rub, stroke
724 2. melk-, melg- IE    wet
724 mēlo-, smēlo- IE    small animal
725 melōdh-, molədh-, molədh- head; elevation
725 mels- to taste
725 membh- to reproach
725 mēmso-, mē(m)s-ro- IE    meat, flesh
726 1. men- IE    2. menth- to rise, mount, tower
726 2. men- to press, step on, tread down
726-28 3. men- IE    5. men- to think; mind, spiritual activity
728-29 4. men- IE    meni- to diminish; small
729 5. men- IE    3. men- to stay, remain, stand still
729 mend-, mond-, mn̥d-? mand- to feed, suck(le); breast
729-30 mendā IE    flaw, defect, mistake
730 mendh- IE    to direct attention to; vivacious
730 men(e)gh-, mon(e)gh-, mn̥gh- IE    many, copious, abundant, excessive
730-31 men(ə)k- IE    mag̑- to knead
731 meng- to make pretty, beautiful
731 meni- IE    4. men- minnow (or other type of fish)
731-32 mēnōt, genitive mēneses, from which mēnes-, mēns-, mēs-, mēn- IE    3. mē- month; moon
732 1. menth-, meth- IE    to stir, swirl, mix up
732-33 2. menth- IE    mono- to chew, eat
733 1. mer- to plait, weave; rope
733-34 2. mer- IE    to flicker, shimmer
734 3. mer-, mor-(u-) to blacken; dark color, dirt spot
735 4. mer-, merə- IE    5. mer- to die
735-37 5. mer-, merə- IE    1. merg̑- to rub, wipe; pack, rob
737-38 6. mer-, mer-s- IE    to anger, bother, disturb, etc.
738 merədh-, mrādh- to boil, bubble up
738 mereg̑- IE    march, edge, border, frontier
738 meregh- IE    to soak, moisten, drizzle
738 1. merg̑- 1. merk- to wipe off
738 2. merg̑- merk̑- to grab, seize
738-39 meri̯o- IE    young man/woman
739 merk̑- IE    2. merg̑- to grab, seize
739-40 1. merk-, merg̑-, merək-, merəg̑- 2. merk- to rot
740 2. merk-, mork- smerd- vexed, sullen
740-41 mə-r, genitive mə-n-és, mn̥tós IE    hand
741 met- 2. am- to reap, measure
741-43 1. meu-, meu̯ə- : mū̆- IE    wet, damp; to wash; dirt, mud, mire
743 2. meu̯-, meu̯ə- IE    meu-s- to move, push away
743 mēudh-, məudh-, mūdh- IE    to complain, care about, be intent
743-44 1. meug- to lie in wait, take by surprise; wily
744-45 2. meug-, meuk- IE    to slip, slide; meek
745 meuk̑- to tear, slit, scratch
745 meu-s- mūs to steal
745-46 1. mezg- IE    to dive, plunge, immerse
746 2. mezg- IE    to bind, knit, knot, attach
746 mizdhó- IE    fee, pay, meed, reward
746 mō-, mo-lo- IE    to strain, trouble oneself
746-47 mōd- : məd-, or mād- : məd- IE    to meet, approach
747 modhro-, or madhro- IE    blue; madder
747 moiso-s, or maiso-s sheep; hide, pelt, leatherwork
747 mok̑s, Indo-Iranian *mok̑sū̆ IE    soon
747 molko- IE    pouch, leather bag
747-48 mono- IE    1. men- neck; mane
748 mori, mōri IE    mere, sea
748-49 mormor-, murmur- IE    to murmur (dully)
749 mormo(ro)- fear, dread, horror
749 moro- IE    murrey, mulberry, blackberry
749 moru̯ī̆- IE    maur, mire, ant
750 mo[u]-lo- : mū-lo- root, plant
750 mō[u]-ro- : mū-ro- crazy, stupid
750 moz-g-o-, moz-g-en-, mos-k-o- IE    brain
750 mozg̑ho-s young cattle
750 mrk- IE    more, carrot, edible root
750 mregh-m(n)o- IE    brain, skull
750-51 mreg̑hu-, mr̥g̑hu- IE    brief, short
751-52 1. mū̆- IE    6. mei- (onomatopoeic: to moo, hum, etc.)
752 2. mū-, mus- IE    fly, gnat, midge, muscid, mosquito
752 mū̆k- heap, etc.
752-53 mūs IE    2. meu̯- mouse; muscle
753 mut-o-s IE    trimmed, stunted, circumcised, mutilated
754 1. nā- IE    to help, be useful
754 2. nā- to be afraid, ashamed
754 nāgh- sober?
754 nak- fur, pelt
754 nana, nena IE    nana (nursery word: (grand)mother, etc.)
755 nant- IE    to dare, risk
755 nas- IE    nose
755-56 1. nāus- IE    boat, ship
756 2. nāu- : nəu- : nū- IE    death; corpse
756-58 1. nĕ, nē, nei IE    (negative particle: no, etc.)
758 2. ne, nē no- that (enclitic particle)
758 3. ne-, nō-, plural nē̆s-, nō̆s- IE    1. u̯ē̆- we
758 1. nebh- to burst
758 2. nebh- IE    snā- wet, damp; clouds; water
758-59 1. ned- : ned- IE    2. ner- to net, bind, connect, roll up, twist together
759 2. ned- to roar, sound, bellow
759 nedo- reed
760 neg̑h- to bore, pierce, stab, stick
760 1. nei-, neiə- : nī- to lead
760 2. nei-, neiə-, nī- IE    to be moved, excited; to shine
760 3. nei-, ni- IE    ni- in
760 1. neid- to scold, shame, abuse
761 2. neid- : nid- to flow; stream
761 neig- IE    to wash
761 neik- to winnow (grain)
761 nēik- : nīk- : nik- IE    to rail, fight, assault
762 nek̑- IE    1. ank- death, dying, necrosis; corpse
762-63 nek-(t-), nok-t-s IE    nok-(t-) night
763-64 1. nem- IE    to nim, take, give, count, apportion
764 2. nem- IE    to bend
764 nepōt- IE    nephew; grandchild
765 1. ner(-t)-, aner-, əner-? IE    vital force; man
765-66 2. ner- IE    3. ner- below, under
766 3. ner- nē-tr- to penetrate; hiding place, hollow
766-67 nes- IE    to unite; be concealed
767 ni-, nei- 1. en in
767 nē-tr-, nə-tr- IE    (s)nē- snake, adder
767 1. neu- IE    to call, praise
767 2. neu- IE    to push (someone); to nod
768 neu-d- IE    to grasp, make use of
768 neu-dh- to lust, desire, yearn for
768 neuk- dark, unclear, indistinct
768-69 neu-ks-, neu-s- IE    to scent, smell, sniff
769 neu̯os, neu̯i̯os IE    nū̆- new
769 niz-do- sed- nest
769 no- eno- that
769 nog-, nogod(h)o-, nog-no- IE    nude, naked
770 nogo-, or nago- IE    tree
770 nok-(t-) nek-(t-) night
770 nōmn̥ en(o)mn̥- name
770 nōt-, nət- IE    rump, nates, backside
770 nū̆- IE    e-neu̯en now
771 n̥dhos, n̥dheri IE    under
771 n̥si- black, dirty
771 n̥si-s IE    sword
772 1. o 1. ē̆ to, with
772 2. ō IE    2. ē O (vocative particle)
772 obhel- IE    to sweep; multiply
772 obhi- opi to, from, around, etc.
772-73 1. od- IE    2. od- to smell
773 2. od- IE    1. od- hatred, disgust, odium, aversion
773 ō̆d(e)go-, or ō̆d(e)go- stem, stalk
773 ōg-, əg- IE    to grow; fruit, berry
773 oi- oi-no- (pronoun stem)
774 oid- IE    aid- to swell; strong
774 oi-no-, oi-u̯o- IE    3. e- (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)
774 oiu̯ā 2. ē̆i (vocative particle)
774 ok- IE    ok- to consider
775 ok̑tō(u) IE    ōk̑ú-s eight, octad
775 ōk̑ú-s IE    2. ak̑- quick(ly)
775-77 ok- IE    ok- to see, ogle; eye
777 ol-(e-) IE    to destroy
777-78 om- IE    raw, coarse, bitter
778 om(e)so-s IE    shoulder
778 omə- amə- to suffer; firm up, proceed energetically
778 ond-, n̥d- rock, stone
779 oner- IE    dream
779 ong-, better ang- coal
779 ong- IE    to anoint
779 ono-, and onə-, also (o)no-d- to scold, abuse, revile
780 onogh- : ongh-, nogh-, Celtic n̥gh-, ongh-li- IE    claw, (finger/toe) nail
780 1. op- IE    to work, perform, operate, bring about
781 2. op- IE    to opt, choose, opine, suggest
781 opi ambhi at, by
781 ōr-, ər- IE    5. ar- to call, speak, talk, orate
781-82 orbho- IE    weak, abandoned; slave, orphan
782 oreu̯-, ereu- entrails
782 org̑hi-, r̥g̑hi- IE    testicle
782 org- 3. per- to hit, kill
782 ort- vine
782 *ōs, ōs-i-s, ō̆s-en-, os-k- IE    ash (tree)
783 ost(h)-, ost(h)i, ost(h)r̥(g), oblique ost(h)-(e)n- IE    ast(h)- os, bone
783 oug-, ou-? cold
783-84 ō(u̯)i̯-om IE    au̯ei- egg, ovum
784 óu̯i-s IE    ewe, sheep
784-85 1. ōus- : əus- IE    os, mouth
785 2. ōus- : əus- : us- IE    ear
785-86 ozdo-s IE    branch
786 ozgho- bud, sprout, twig
787 pā- : pə-, and pā-t- : pə-t- IE    1. pen- to feed, graze, pasture
787-88 pā̆k̑-, and pā̆g̑- IE    pn̥ksti- to repair, strengthen
788 pā̆n- IE    sp(h)ē- pane, panel, woven fabric
788 pando-s 1. pet- crooked
789 pank-, pang- baˣb- to swell
789 pap(p)a IE    pətḗ(r) papa (nursery word); food, meal
789 pā̆r- IE    to show, be visible
789 parīkā concubine
789 pāsó-s IE    a relative
789 pasto- IE    firm, fast, solid
790 paus- IE    to free, let loose
790 pāuson-, pūson- 3. peu- (name of a deity)
790 1. pē̆d-, pō̆d- IE    to hold; vat, vessel, container
790-92 2. pē̆d-, pō̆d- IE    foot
792 peg- : pog- : pōg-, pō̆k-s- IE    hip, side, shoulder
792-93 pē(i)-, pī- IE    to hurt, scold, shame
793-94 pei̯(ə)-, pī̆- IE    peisk- fat; milk
794-95 1. peig-, and peik- IE    colored, speckled
795 2. peig̑-, and peik̑- IE    to be hostile
795 pei-m(i)- IE    swift, quick, rapid, nimble
796 1. peis-? : pis- IE    to grind, trample
796 2. peis-, speis- IE    to blow, fizz
796 peisk-, pisk- IE    pei̯(ə)- fish
796-97 1. pek̑-, pēk̑-, pōk̑- IE    to be joyful, make pretty
797 2. pek̑- IE    plek̑- to fleece; fee, cattle
798 pek- IE    to cook
798-801 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- IE    pleu- to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?
801-2 2a. pel-, pelə- : plā- IE    3a. pel- to drive, propel, set in motion
802 2b. pel-, pel-en-, pel-t-, pel-u̯- IE    dust, powder; meal, flour
802-3 3a. pel- IE    4. pel- to fold
803-4 3b. pel-, pelə-, plē- IE    letro- to wrap, cover; cloth; fell, pelt
804 4. pel- 2a. pel- dish, vessel
804 5. pel- IE    to earn, sell
804-5 6. pel- IE    gray, dull color; pallor
805 7. pel-, pol-, plē-, plō̆- IE    to burn, be warm
805-7 pelə-, plā- IE    1. plā-k- plane, flat, wide, broad
807 peli-s-, pel-s- IE    fell, rock
807 pelk̑- : polk̑- IE    to turn, bend
807 pelpo-, or polpo- woodwork
807 1. pen- IE    pā- to feed
807-8 2. pen-, pen-ko- IE    mud, fen, swamp, water; wet
808 penke IE    five, fifth
808-9 pent- IE    to go, walk, pad, tread; way, path
809-10 1. per-, perə- : prē-, preu- IE    2. perk̑- to spray, sprinkle, drizzle
810-16 2a. per- IE    prō̆- to pass over/beyond
816-17 2b. per-, perə- IE    to fare, ferry, transport, go/carry over
817 2c. per-, perə- IE    to sell, impart
818 2d. per- IE    to bear (a child)
818 2e. per- IE    to dare, risk, try; peril, danger
818-19 3. per-, per-g- IE    org- to hit, kill
819 perd- IE    pezd- to fart, break wind (loudly)
819-20 1. perg- pole, stem, trunk
820 2. perg- IE    fear; to frighten
820 1. perk-, prek- to fill up
820 2. perk- : pr̥k- coals, glowing ash
820 1. perk̑- breast, rib cage
820-21 2. perk̑-, prek̑- IE    2. (s)p(h)er- spotted, speckled
821 3. perk̑-, pr̥k̑- IE    pork̑o-s to open, dig out, rip up; furrow
821-22 4. perk̑-, prek̑-, pr̥k̑- IE    to request, ask/pray for
822-23 perku-s IE    oak
823 pers- to spray, sprinkle, drizzle; dust, ashes
823 persnā, persnī̆-, persno- IE    heel
823 perth- pole, stick
823-24 1. pē̆s- IE    2. pēs- to blow
824 2. pēs-, nasalized pēns- 1. pē̆s- dust, sand
824 3. pes-, pesos IE    penis
824-25 1. pet-, pet-, petə- IE    pando-s to stretch out (esp. arms)
825-26 2. pet-, petə- : ptē-, ptō-, Hellenic ptā- IE    to fall, tumble down
827 1. peu-, peu̯ə- : pū̆- IE    to sift, clean, purge, purify
827 2. peu- IE    to repute, explore, understand
827 3. peu- 1. pū̆- foam, froth
827 pēu- : pəu- : pū̆- IE    3. pū̆- to hit; sharp
828 peuk̑-, and peug̑- IE    to pink, stab, stick
828 peu̯ə- 2. pū̆- to rot, stink
828 peu̯ōr, pū̆r, genitive pu-n-és, locative puu̯éni IE    fire
829 pezd- IE    pīzdā- to break wind (softly)
829 pətḗ(r), genitive pətr-és IE    appa father
830 pid- IE    to bear, give birth?
830 pik(h)o- knot, lump
830 pi-lo- IE    hair, pile, pilus
830 pi-n- 1. (s)p(h)ē̆i- piece of wood
830 pī̆p(p)- IE    to peep, squeak
831 pīzdā- IE    2. bhes- vulva
831 plab- IE    to babble, prattle, etc.
831-32 1. plā-k- : plə-k-, ple-k- : plō̆-k-, plei-k-, and pelə-g- : plā-g- : plə-g- IE    2. plāk- flat, wide, broad; spread out
832-33 2. plāk-, plāg-, also plēk-, plēg- IE    plā̆t- to hit, beat, fling
833-34 plā̆t-, plā̆d-, plē̆t-, plō̆t-, plət- IE    pləi- flat, wide, broad; spread out
834 plē-, plə- IE    plēk̑- to cut, split off
834 plēi-, pləi-, plī- bald, bare, naked
834-35 plek̑- IE    2. pek̑- to ply, pleach, plait, weave
835 plēk̑-, plək̑-, and plēik̑-, plīk̑- IE    phel- to flay, peel, rip, tear off
835-37 pleu- IE    pl(e)u-mon- to flee, fly, run; flow, swim
837 pleuk- IE    floc, hair, feather
837-38 pl(e)u-mon-, pleu-ti̯o- IE    1. pel- lung
838 pleus- IE    to pluck, deplume, pull out; plucked hair/feathers
838 pləi-, pləu- pelə- to broaden, show off
838 plouto-, pluto- (wooden object)
838-39 pneu- IE    to pant, breathe
839 pn̥ksti- IE    pā̆k̑- fist
839 1. pō(i)- : pəi-? : pī- IE    to graze, pasture
839-40 2. pō(i)- : pī-, and (from pō-), po- IE    to bib, drink
840-41 polo- : pōlo- IE    big, fat, thick, swollen
841 pork̑o-s IE    3. perk̑- porker, pig(let)
841-42 pos IE    apo- about, around; by, beside; in front of
842 po-ti against, opposite, toward
842 poti-s IE    host, husband, lord, master, owner
842-43 pōu- : pəu- : pū̆- IE    few, small, little; young (of animals)
843 pougo-, or pougho- pure, clear
843-44 prā- IE    to bend
844 prāi-, prəi-, prī-, pri- IE    to like, feel friendly/well-disposed
845 preg- IE    greedy, covetous; willful, violent
845 prep- IE    to catch sight of
845 pret-, prō̆t- IE    to understand
845-46 preu- IE    to hop, jump
846 preus- IE    to burn, freeze
846 prīs- to granulate, reduce to small pieces
846 prō̆- 2a. per- to pass over/beyond
846 prōk̑to- : prək̑to- IE    rump, backside
846 pr̥so- leek, onion, garlic
846-47 pster-, pstereu- IE    to sneeze
847 ptel(e)i̯ā IE    (type of tree, e.g. poplar/popple)
847-48 1. pū̆-, peu-, pou-, also phu- IE    phu- to blow (up)
848-49 2. pū̆- : peu̯ə- IE    peu̯ə- to rot, stink
849 3. pū̆- pēu- to hit; sharp
849 1. pū̆k-, peuk- IE    thick-haired
849 2. puk̑- to enclose, press together
850 pu-lo- IE    (stiff) hair
850 pū-ro- IE    grain, kernel
851 phel- 1. (s)p(h)el- to cut, split, tear off; board
851 pher- 1. sp(h)er- to rush, act rashly, push away, etc.
851 phō̆l- IE    to fall
851 phu- 2. b(e)u- to blow (up)
852 rabh-, or rebh- : rebh- IE    labh- to rage, be furious
852 rāp-, rēp- IE    rape (plant), turnip
852 rā̆s- IE    to cry, (re)sound
853 1. rē-, rə-, extended rē-dh- 1. rēi- to count, compute
853 2. rē̆-, extended rē-dh- ardi- separate
853 3. rē- 1. erə- to row; oar
853 4. rē- 2. erə- to rest, be still
853 5. rē- dark
853 6. rē- 3. rei- to cry
853 1. rebh- rei̯ə- to move, hurry about
853 2. rebh- IE    to roof, thatch
853 red-, rod- ered- to flow
853 1. rēd- IE    to excite, cheer up, be joyful
854 2. rēd- : rōd- : rəd- IE    to gnaw, scrape, scratch
854 1. reg-, and sreg-? IE    to dye
854 2. reg- IE    to see
854-57 1. reg̑- IE    reig̑- to regulate, make just/right; king, reign
857 2. reg̑-, rek̑-, rek-? IE    damp; rain
857 regos- IE    ē̆reb(h)- darkness
857-59 1. rei- IE    reig- to cut, reap, rive, tear, scratch
859 2. rei-, roi- IE    spotted, speckled, brightly variegated
859-60 3. rei-, rē(i)- IE    reibh- to cry, scream, bellow, etc.
860 4. rei- : rēi- IE    thing, possession
860 5. rei- reid- to support
860 1. rēi- : rī- 2. ar- to count, arrange
860 2. rēi-, rōi- 3. ar- nut
860 reibh- 1. reu- (onomatopoeic: to resound?)
860 reid- reik- to support, lean against
861 reidh- IE    to ride, go (in vehicle)
861-62 reig-, or reig̑- IE    roi-no- to rig, tie, bind
862 reig̑-, rēig̑- IE    1. reg̑- to reach, stretch out
862 rei̯ə-, rī- 2. reu- to flow, move
862 reik- 1. rek- to stretch oneself; pole
862 rei-r(ēi)- IE    (onomatopoeic: to quake, tremble)
863 rēito-, rēiti- joint, shoulder (of animals)
863 1. rek- IE    rem- to project, tower up; pole
863 2. rē̆k- IE    to reck, reckon, arrange, prepare
863 rek̑-, reg̑- to bind
864 rek̑þh- ŕ̥k̑þo-s to harm, injure
864 rem-, remə- IE    5. rei- to rest; to support
864-65 remb-, romb-, romb- to hack, hoe
865 rendh- IE    to rend, rip, tear to pieces
865 rent- thing?
865 rep- IE    to grab, rip out, ravish
865 1. rēp-, rep-? IE    to creep, crawl
866 2. rēp-, rəp- IE    pole, stake, beam, rafter
866 rēs-, rōs- 2. ere-s- to flow
866 ret(h)- IE    to run, roll, rotate
866 rēt-, rōt-, rət- IE    pole, rood; stem, stick, trunk
867-68 1. reu-, rēu-, rū̆- IE    6. rē- (onomatopoeic: to roar, rout, round, etc.)
868-71 2. reu-, reu̯ə- : rū̆- IE    3. reu- to open, tear out, dig/rip up, etc.
871 3. reu-, reu-s- 3. er- to hasten
871 4. reu- 1. ereu- to search
871-72 reu-b-, and reu-g- IE    to belch, eruct, retch, vomit
872-73 reudh- IE    red
873 reugh-m(e)n- IE    ream, cream?
873 reus- elm (tree)
873 reu-smen- IE    to chew, ruminate; throat, rumen
873-74 reuto-, routo-, rut- stomach, intestines (of an animal)
874 reu̯ə- : rū- IE    to ream, open; wide, roomy
874 rezg- IE    to plait, weave, wind
874 roi-no- 1. rei- hill, road
874 rughi̯o- u̯rughi̯o- rye
874 ruk(k)-, rouk(k)- IE    yarn; fabric
875 r̥ksā 2. lek- fetlock; tether
875 ŕ̥k̑þo-s IE    rek̑þh- bear (animal)
876 sā-, sə- IE    sāno-s enough, satiate, sufficient
876-77 sāg- IE    to seek, track, trail
877 sāi- IE    pain, illness; sore
878 saip- IE    fence, stall, enclosure
878 sak- IE    to sacrifice, sanctify, make a treaty
878-79 1. sal- IE    2. sal- sal, salt; brackish water
879 2. sal- IE    1. sal- gray, dirty, sallow
879-80 sā̆lo- wavy
880 sāno-s IE    sā-ti- sane, healthy?
880 sap-, sab- IE    to taste, savvy, perceive
880 sasi̯o- (type of grain)
880 sā-ti- sā- satiated
880-81 saus-, sus- IE    sere, dry
881-82 sā́u̯el-, sāu̯ol-, suu̯él-, su̯el-, sūl- IE    2. su̯el- Sol, sun
882-84 se- IE    seni- self, one's own
884-87 sed- IE    ē̆s- to sit, set, settle
887 1. seg- 1. sē(i)- to sow (seed)
887-88 2. seg-, nasalized seng- IE    to attach, tack on
888-89 seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- IE    to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory
889 sei-, soi- IE    seik- to drip, be damp
889 1. sē(i)- IE    2. sē(i)- to sift
889-91 2. sē(i)- : səi- : sī-, sē- : sə-, and sei- : si- IE    3. sēk- to sow, dispatch, disseminate, let fall
891-92 3. sē(i)-, səi- : sī-, and sei- : si- IE    si̯ē[u]-ro- to bind, strap, tie
892 sē[i]dh- : sī̆dh-, and sədh- to aim at, strive for
893 sē̆ik-, sī̆k- IE    to grip, reach for
893-94 seik- IE    seip- to spill, pour out
894 seip-, seib- IE    sei- to sift, pour out
894-95 1. sek- to run off, dry out (re: water)
895-96 2. sē̆k- IE    (s)k(h)ed- to cut, section, dissect
896 3. sēk- IE    1. seg- to abate; lazy, quiet
896-97 1. sek- IE    2. sek- to segue, follow
897-98 2. sek- IE    1. sek- to see, notice; show, say, speak
898 1. sel- IE    salon, dwelling place
898-99 2. sel-, su̯el- IE    4. su̯el- sill, beam, board
899 3. sel- IE    to grab, seize, take
899 4. sel- IE    to jump, leap, spring, exult
900 5. sel- to creep, crawl
900 6. sel-, selə- : slā- IE    solo- lucky, favorable; luck
900-1 selg̑- IE    to pour out, set free, send/throw away
901 selk- IE    8. u̯el- to pull, drag; sulcus, furrow
901 selos- IE    sea, lake, swamp
901 selp- IE    salve, fat, butter
901-2 1. sem- to draw, pour, scoop
902-5 2. sem- IE    one, some, together
905 3. sem- IE    summer
905-6 sēmi- IE    half, semi-
906 sen-, sene-, sen(e)u-, senə- IE    sneubh- to prepare, work on
906 sendhro- IE    clotted, coagulated; fluid, melted, etc.
906 seng- IE    to sink, sag, fall
906-7 sengh- IE    k̑ens- to sing
907 seni-, senu-, seni-, sn̥-ter- IE    su- for oneself; sundry, separate
907 senk- IE    to singe, burn, dry
907-8 sen(o)- IE    old, senile, senior
908 sent- IE    to send, go, choose direction; to sense
909 sep- IE    to honor, care for, concern oneself with
909 septm̥ IE    seven
909-10 1. ser- IE    sr-edh- to flow, stream
910 2. ser- IE    to serve, guard, protect, shelter
910-11 3. ser-, sor- IE    red
911 4. ser- IE    to insert, line up, put/bind together
911-12 5. ser-, extended serp- IE    sickle
912 serk- IE    to fence; hedge, plaited work
912 serp- IE    to creep, crawl
912-13 1. seu-, seə- : sū- IE    sū-ro- sop, soup, juice, liquid
913-14 2. seu-, seu̯ə-, sū̆- IE    sū̆-s to bear (a child); son
914 3. seu- : su-, seu̯ə- : sū- seu̯i̯o- to bend, turn
914-15 4. seu-, seu-t- IE    to seethe, boil
915 seug- IE    sad, sick, grievous, afflicted
915 seu̯ə-, sū- to leave behind?
915 seu̯i̯o- su̯ē̆(i)- (to the) left
915 si̯ē[u]-ro- : si̯ə-ur(i̯o)- si̯ū- brother-in-law
915-16 si̯ū-, sīu̯- IE    soi-to- to sew
916 skabh-, skambh- IE    to support
916-17 (s)kāi- IE    sk̑āi- bright, shining
917 (s)k(h)ai-, (s)k(h)ai-d-, (s)k(h)ai-t- IE    to cuff, kick
917-18 sk̑āi-, sk̑əi- : sk̑ī- IE    4. kāi-d- to shine/shimmer dully; shadow
918 (s)kamb-, and (s)kemb- IE    kamb- to bend, curve, hump
918 (s)kand-, (s)kend- kand- to glow; bright
918-19 (s)k(h)ed-, (s)k(h)e-n-d- IE    skē̆i- to crush, shatter, split to pieces
919 sk̑ed- to cover
919-22 skē̆i- IE    1. (s)kel- to cut, skive, exscind, separate
922 skē̆i-bh-, nasalized ski-m-bh- to limp; slanting
922-23 (s)kek-, skeg- IE    to jump, spring, move quickly; shake
923-27 1. (s)kel- IE    (s)ken-(d-) to cut, halve
927 2. (s)kel- IE    9. kel- to owe, be guilty
927 3. (s)kel- IE    10. kel- to parch, dessicate, dry out
928 4. (s)kel-, extended klā-, klō- IE    11. kel- to bend; crooked
928 5. (s)kel-, (s)kel- 2. gal- to call, resound
929 (s)k̑el- to jump, spring
929 skhel- to stumble
929 (s)k̑em- IE    2. k̑em- deformed, disabled, mutilated; hornless
929-30 (s)ken-(d-) IE    6. skēu(-t)- to skin, flay, split off
930 skendh- IE    to dive, plunge
930 (s)keng- IE    to hobble; lame, slanted
930 1. (s)kep- to hide, cover
930-33 2. (s)kē̆p-, (s)kō̆p-, and (s)kā̆p-, (s)kē̆b(h)-, skob(h)-, and skā̆b(h)- IE    to cut, shave, split with sharp tool
933 1. (s)ker- to shrink, dry out, wrinkle up; dry, thin
933-35 2. (s)ker-, skerə- : skrē- IE    7. ker- to jump
935-38 3. (s)ker- IE    to bend, curve, turn
938-47 4. (s)ker-, (s)kerə-, (s)krē- IE    (s)ker-dh- to cut, shear, score, scribe
947 5. (s)ker- 1. ker- (onomatopoeic: hoarse sound)
947 (s)ker- 1. ker- to do, make
947-48 sk̑er-(d-) IE    to defecate; dung, excrement
948-49 (s)kerb(h)-, (s)kreb(h)-, nasalized (s)kremb- IE    to curve, turn
949 (s)ker-dh-, (s)kor-dh- (s)kert-s- small, pitiful, miserable
949-50 (s)kert-s- 2. ker- across, straight along
950 skēt- : skət- IE    to jump, spring
950 skēth-, skəth- IE    to scold, scathe, injure, damage
950-51 1. (s)keu- to perform, carry out
951-53 2. (s)keu-, (s)keu̯ə : (s)kū- IE    to hide, wrap, cover
953 3. skē̆u-, ksē̆u- to sneeze
954 4. (s)keu- 1. keu- to notice, observe, pay attention to
954 5. skē̆u- sk̑ē̆u- to push, shoot, throw
954 6. skēu(-t)- IE    1. kal- to cut, scratch, separate
954-55 sk̑ē̆u- IE    skeub- to push, shoot, throw
955 skeub-, skeubh-, skeug- IE    2. (s)keud- to shove, move, shoot, throw
955 1. skeud- keuəd- to grumble, protest; unwilling
955-56 2. (s)keud- IE    5. skē̆u- to shoot, throw
956 (s)keup-, skeub(h)- IE    sheaf, bunch, flock, etc.
956-57 (s)keut-, (s)keudh- to shrink, shrivel up
957 sk̑lēk-, sk̑lək- sresk- to spray, sprinkle; wet
957 skordho- pan, vessel; potsherd
957 skot- IE    shade, shadow, darkness
957-58 (s)kū̆t- IE    ku̯ēt- to shake, shudder
958 (s)kalo-s IE    kalo-s (type of large fish, e.g. whale)
958 sku̯erb(h)- to pierce, stick (of thorns)
958 sk(h)u̯oi̯-, sk(h)u̯i(i̯)- thorn, needle
958 (s)lā̆g- IE    lā̆gh- to grab, latch, seize
959 slak- IE    to hit, hammer
959 (s)leb-, (s)lob-, (s)lep-, (s)lop- lē̆b- lip; to hang down slackly
959-60 (s)lēg- : (s)ləg-, and (s)leg- IE    weak, feeble, languid
960 slēg- to oppress, maltreat, mishandle
960 (s)leib- sleub(h)- to slip; slimy
960-61 (s)leidh- IE    3. lei- to slide; slippery
961 (s)leig- to hack, hit
961-62 slenk-, sleng- IE    to turn, wind; creep, slink
962 sler- (s)lr̥g- chasm
962-63 (s)leu- IE    slack, feeble, loosely hanging
963-64 sleub(h)- IE    (s)leug̑- to slide, slip
964 (s)leug-, (s)leuk- IE    lauk(o)- to swallow
964 (s)leug̑-, (s)leuk̑- IE    (s)leib- to slide, slip
964-65 (s)leup-, (s)leub(h)- IE    to hang slackly
965 (s)lī- : sləi-, or slōi-, slī-u̯o- IE    livid, bluish
965 slougo-, slougā- (fem.) IE    help, service
965-66 (s)lr̥g-, and sler- sler- (onomatopoeic: to swallow)
966 sme, smā̆ IE    really, truly (emphatic particle)
966-67 smē-, smeī-, sm-ei- IE    3. smēi- to rub, smear
967 smeg(h)- IE    to smack, taste
967-68 1. (s)mei-, smeu- IE    smeu- to smile
968 2. smēi- : sməi- : smī̆- IE    to carve, work with sharp tool
968 3. smēi-, smeid-, smēig-, smēik- smē- to rub, smear
968 smeit-, smit- IE    to throw
968 smek- beard, chin
969 1. smel- IE    to smolder, burn slowly
969 2. smel- IE    6. mel- gray
969-70 (s)mer- IE    to mourn, remember, think of, care for
970 smerd-, smord- IE    4. mer- to stink
970-71 smeru- IE    fat, grease, smear
971 smeu- 1. (s)mei- to laugh, smile
971 (s)meukh-, (s)meug-, (s)meugh- IE    to smoke; smoke
971 smog- heavy, burdensome
971-72 snā-, snə-(t-), snāu-, sn-eu-, sn-et- IE    sneu- to flow, swim; damp
972-73 (s)nadh- to cut, slice
973 (s)nē-, and (s)nēi- IE    snēp- to spin, twist threads together
973-74 (s)nēbh-ri-, (s)nōbh-ri- thin, narrow
974 sneig- IE    to crawl, snake
974 sneigh- IE    to snow; snow
974 sneit- IE    to cut
974-75 snēp-, snōp-, snəp- 2. (s)ner- to gather in sheaves/bundles; twist into rope
975 1. (s)ner-, (s)nur- IE    to snarl, growl
975-77 2. (s)ner- IE    snēu- to turn, wind, etc.
977 (s)nerb- IE    to cut?
977 sneu- 2. enebh- to flow, swim; damp
977 snēu- : snū-, and snĕu- IE    1. ned- to turn, bind, attach; band, sinew
977-78 sneubh- IE    snusós to woo, marry
978 1. sneud(h)- IE    2. sneudh- to drowse, slumber; drowsy, sleepy
978 2. sneudh- IE    1. sneud(h)- fog, mist
978 snusós IE    sen- daughter-in-law
978-79 so(s), sā IE    1. to- (nom. sg. demonstrative stem: he, she)
979 soi-to- 3. sē(i)- magic
979-80 solo-, sol(e)u̯o- IE    6. sel- whole, well-kept, salubrious
980 sō[u]rā : sōrā calf (of leg)
980 spako- point; small drop
980 sp(h)ē-, sp(h)ə-(dh-) IE    2. sp(h)ei long flat piece of wood
981 speg̑-, or spō̆g̑- IE    spek̑- to watch sharply, be attentive
981-82 1. (s)p(h)ē̆i- : (s)p(h)ī̆- IE    pi-n- sharp/pointed stick: spile, spit, etc.
982 2. sp(h)ei : sp(h)ī̆, and sp(h)ē : sp(h)ə- IE    3. sp(h)ē(i)- to pull, drag
983-84 3. sp(h)ē(i)-, spī-, and sphē- : sphə- IE    1. (s)pen(-d)- to fatten, prosper, succeed, etc.
984 spek̑- IE    speg̑- to watch, inspect, spy on
985 (s)pel- IE    to speak aloud, tell with emphasis
985-87 1. (s)p(h)el- IE    (s)p(h)elg- to cut, split, spall, tear off; board
987 2. (s)p(h)el- IE    to shine, glitter
987 (s)p(h)elg- (s)plei- to split, splinter
987 sp(h)elg̑h(en), spleng̑h-, splē̆g̑h- IE    milt; spleen
988 1. (s)pen(-d)- IE    (s)p(h)eu-d- to pull, spin
989 2. *(s)pen-, (s)pon-, (s)pondho- wooden pail
989 spend- IE    to offer a libation
989 sp(h)e(n)d- to shake, quiver
989-90 sp(h)eng- IE    to shine, glitter
990 speno-, stē̆no-, p(ə)stē̆no- teat, breast, nipple
990-91 1. (s)per- IE    pole, spar, rafter
991 2. sper(-g)- IE    (type of bird, esp. sparrow)
991-92 3. sper- IE    to turn, wind
992 4. (s)p(h)er-, (s)p(h)erəg- to rip, tear; rag, snippet
992-93 1. sp(h)er-, sp(h)erə- IE    sp(h)erd(h)- to rush, push away, act rashly, etc.
993-95 2. (s)p(h)er-, sprei-, spreu- IE    sprei- to sow, strew, spread, scatter, sprinkle
995 3. sp(h)er- balls of goat/sheep excrement
995-96 sp(h)erd(h)-, (s)p(h)red(h)-, nasalized sp(h)rend(h)- IE    *(s)p(h)ereg- to rush, sprint, spring; running
996-98 *(s)p(h)ereg-, (s)p(h)erəg-, (s)p(h)rēg-, nasalized spreng- IE    sperg̑h- to rush, hurry; strew, sprinkle, disperse
998 sperg̑h-, spreg̑h-, nasalized spreng̑h- IE    pher- to rush, hurry, spring, jump
998-99 (s)p(h)eu-d- pā̆n- to press, hurry
999 (s)pī̆ko- IE    woodpecker (or other large bird)
999 (s)pingo- IE    finch, sparrow
999-1000 (s)p(h)i̯ēu- : (s)pi̯ū-, (s)pīu̯- IE    to spit, spew, sputter
1000 (s)plei- IE    plē- to cut, split
1000 (s)pleig̑h- to splay (legs)
1001 (s)poimno- IE    foam, spume, spray
1001 sprei-, spreu- sp(h)reig- to sow, strew, scatter
1001 sp(h)reig- 1. per- to teem, abound, overflow
1001 srak-to- sharp-edged
1001 srebh-, sr̥bh-, and serbh- IE    su̯erbh- to sip, slurp, swallow
1001-2 sr-edh-, sr-et- IE    sreu- to boil, spout, whirl
1002 (s)reigh- to creep, climb, clamber
1002 srenk- IE    to snore
1002 srēno- body part (e.g. hip, loins)
1002 sresk- klep- to drip, drizzle
1003 sreu- IE    1. ser- to stream, flow
1004 sreup- dirty, scabby
1004 srīg-, srīgos- IE    cold, frost
1004 srō̆mo- lame
1004-10 stā- : stə- IE    stāk- to stand
1010 stag- IE    to drip, drizzle, trickle
1010 (s)tāi- IE    stāi- to steal, do secretly
1010-11 stāi-, stī̆-, sti̯-ā- IE    stē̆ib(h)- to condense, press together; stiff; stone
1011 stāk-, stek- IE    steb(h)- to place, stand
1011-13 steb(h)-, and stēb(h)- : stəbh-, nasalized stemb(h)-, step-, also stēp-?, nasalized stemp-, nominal stəbho-s, stemb(h)ro-s, stomb(h)o-s IE    stā- stump, post, pillar; to support, etc.
1013-14 1. (s)teg- IE    tāg- to deck, thatch, cover; house, roof
1014 2. (s)teg- IE    stegh- stake, pole, beam
1014-15 stegh-, nasalized stengh- IE    2. (s)teg- stick, stalk, stang, etc.
1015 (s)tei- IE    tei- sharp, pointed; spike, style, stylus
1015-16 stē̆ib(h)-, stī̆b(h)-, stē̆ip-, stī̆p- IE    steu̯ə- stick, pole, stake; stiff
1016-17 (s)teig- IE    teig- to stick, prick; sharp
1017-18 steigh- IE    to climb, ascend; stride, march
1018 (s)teig- IE    teig- arm, shoulder; thigh, hip
1018 (s)teigh- to endure, wait patiently
1018 1. (s)tel- 4. tel- to urinate, let flow
1018-19 2. stel-, stelə- IE    3. stel- to dilate, broaden, stretch out; broad
1019-20 3. stel- IE    2. stel- to put, place
1021 stem- to push, thrust; stumble, stutter
1021 1. (s)ten- IE    2. ten- to drone, groan, thunder, etc.
1021-22 2. sten- IE    to narrow, hem in
1022-27 1. (s)ter-, (s)terə- : (s)trē- IE    6. ster- stark, stiff, solid, rigid, etc.
1027-28 2. stē̆r- IE    star
1028 3. ster- IE    to rob, steal
1028-29 4. ster-, also sterə- : strē-, strei-, streu- IE    line, streak, strip, stripe
1029-31 5. ster-, sterə- : strē-, steru- : streu- IE    to strew, scatter, spread out
1031 6. ster- IE    7. (s)ter-n- barren, sterile, unfruitful
1031 7. (s)ter-n- IE    2. streig- thorn, prickly stalk
1031-32 8. (s)ter- IE    dung, stercory, dirty water; to rot, befoul
1032 sterg-, sterk- IE    to care for, pay careful attention to
1032-34 1. (s)teu- IE    1. teu- to hit, push, thrust
1035 2. steu- IE    to praise (aloud)
1035 steu̯ə- (s)tāi- to coagulate, become dense/thick
1035 stilp-, stilb- IE    to shine; to look, show
1035 stomen- IE    mouth, stoma
1036 storos, stornos, str̥nos? IE    starling, songbird
1036 1. streig- IE    to halt, pause, falter, be(come) stuck
1036 2. streig- IE    strenk- taut, stiff, strict; to twist; rope
1036 3. (s)treig-, streid(h)- IE    treig- to hiss
1036-37 strenk-, streng- IE    7. ter- tight, cramped; cord, string
1037 (s)trep-, (s)treb- IE    3. trep- to cry, make wild noises
1037 stru- gray-haired, old (man)
1037-38 su-, sū- su̯e-lo- good, well
1038-39 sū̆-s, suu̯-ós IE    2. sūs- pig, sow, swine
1039 sū-ro-, sou-ro- IE    1. seu- sour, bitter, salty; cheese
1039 1. sūs- to whistle (of wind)
1039 2. sūs- 2. seu- parent, creator, producer
1039-40 su̯ād- IE    sweet; to enjoy something
1040 su̯ard- to laugh
1040-41 su̯ei-, su̯i- IE    to pipe, whistle, sibilate
1041-42 su̯ē̆(i)- IE    su̯eng- to bend, turn, swing, swivel
1042 1. su̯eid- IE    su̯ēid- to shine, glisten
1043 2. su̯eid- IE    to sweat, perspire; sweat
1043 su̯ēid- 1. su̯eid- milk
1043 su̯ek- to smell (good)
1043-44 su̯ekrū́- husband's mother
1044 su̯ek̑s, sek̑s, ksek̑s, ksu̯ek̑s, u̯ek̑s : uk̑s IE    six
1044 s(u̯)eko-s IE    sap, pitch, resin
1045 1. su̯el(-k)- IE    to eat, drink, swill, swallow
1045 2. su̯el- IE    su̯elplo-s to burn, smolder, swelter
1046 3. su̯el-, su̯ol-, sul- IE    sole of foot; ground
1046 4. su̯el- 2. sel- beam, board
1046 su̯e-lo-, su̯elii̯o(n)- se- brother-in-law
1046 su̯elplo-s IE    sā́u̯el- sulphur
1046 su̯em- IE    to swim, move
1046-47 su̯en- IE    to sound, resound
1047 (s)u̯endh- su̯ī- to dwindle, disappear
1047-48 su̯eng-, su̯enk- : su̯eg-, su̯ek- IE    u̯eib- to bend, swing, swag
1048 su̯enk-, sunk- IE    heavy; pregnant
1048 su̯ento-, sunto- IE    sound, active, healthy, vigorous
1048-49 1. su̯ep-, sup- IE    to sleep
1049 2. su̯ep-, sup-, su̯eb- IE    to throw
1049 1. su̯er-, also ser-? IE    2. su̯er- to speak, swear, answer
1049-50 2. su̯er- IE    1. su̯er- to buzz, hiss
1050 3. su̯er- stake
1050 4. su̯er- IE    to cut, prick, pierce
1050 5. su̯er- 1. u̯er- heavy
1050-51 su̯erbh-, also su̯er-? IE    srebh- to turn, sweep, swerve
1051 su̯ergh- IE    to be ill; to sorrow, care for
1051 su̯esor- IE    sister
1052 su̯ī- IE    2. u̯endh- to fade, dwindle, become silent
1052 su̯omb(h)o-s IE    porous, spongy, swampy
1052 su̯ordo-s IE    black, swarthy; dark/dirty color
1053-54 tā-, tə-, tāi-, təi-, tī̆-; [tāu-], təu-, tū̆- IE    to thaw, melt, decay, dissipate
1054 tād- to act purposefully
1054-55 tag-, or teg- : tog- : teg- IE    2. tong- to grip, seize, touch
1055 tāg- IE    teg- to tidy up
1055 tak-, takē(i)- IE    to be tacit, silent
1055 tāl- IE    to grow, turn green; plant, young sprout
1056 1. tap- to dip
1056 2. tap- IE    to press down/together
1056 tata-, and similarly tē̆ta- IE    daddy (nursery word)
1056-57 taus- calm, still, silent, peaceful
1057 teg- 1. (s)teg- to cover
1057 tēg-, təg- to burn
1057 tegu- IE    thick, fat
1057 tei- (s)tei- sharp, pointed; spike
1057 teig- (s)teig- to prick, stick; sharp
1057 teig- (s)teig- arm, shoulder; thigh, hip
1057 1. tek- IE    to bear, produce
1057-58 2. tek- IE    to reach, stretch out (hand) for
1058 3. tek- IE    to plait, weave
1058-59 tek̑þ- IE    to plait
1059-60 tek- IE    to flow, run
1060-61 1. tel-, telə-, tlē(i)-, tlā- IE    to bear, carry; weigh, lift up
1061 2. tel-, telə-, telu- IE    flat (board, ground)
1061-62 3. tel- to be calm/still
1062 4. tel- 1. (s)tel- to urinate, let flow
1062 teleg̑h- telek- to hit
1062 telek- IE    teleg̑h- to hit, push
1062 telp- to have room; spacious
1062-63 1. tem-, tend- IE    tend- to cut
1063 2. tem- stunned, confused
1063-64 tem(ə)- IE    dark
1064-65 temp- IE    1. ten- to span, stretch, extend
1065-66 1. ten-, tend- IE    tengh- to span, stretch, extend
1067 2. ten- 1. (s)ten- to drone, groan, thunder, etc.
1067 tend- 1. tem- to cut
1067 tenəgos, tenəgos ground (under water)
1067 1. teng- IE    to dunk, soak, wet
1067 2. teng- 1. tong- to feel, think
1067 tengh- 1. tenk- to span, extend; pull, stretch
1067 1. tenk- IE    2. tenk- to span, extend; pull, stretch
1068 2. tenk- IE    tens- to clot, thicken, contract; tight, solid
1068-69 tens- IE    temp- to span, stretch, extend
1069 tenu-s, tenu-s IE    thin
1069-70 tep- IE    to be warm, tepid
1070 1. ter- trem- to quiver, tremble
1070-71 2. ter-, teru- IE    weak, feeble, tender, fragile
1071-74 3. ter-, terə-, and teri-, trēi-, trī-, also teru- : treu- IE    6. ter- to bore, drill, rub, thresh
1074-75 4. ter-, terə- : tr̥̄-, trā-, teru- IE    5. ter- to cross, get over, etc.
1075-76 5. ter- IE    tet(e)r- through, over, etc.
1076 6. ter- 3. ter- (boring/gnawing insect)
1076 7. ter-, terə-, terbh-, terd-, terg-, terp- treg- stiff, rigid, solid, etc.
1076 terd-, tred- to bore, drill through
1076-77 terg- to warn, threaten; fright, horror
1077 terk-, trek-, tork-, trok- IE    trāgh- to torque, turn
1077-78 terp-, trep- IE    to enjoy, satisfy oneself
1078-79 ters- IE    to toast, dry; thirst
1079 tet(e)r- tor- (onomatopoeic: to quack)
1079 1. teu-, teud-, teug-, teuk-, teup- tu̯en- to hit, push, thrust
1079-80 2. teu- IE    to notice, observe, listen to
1080-85 tēu-, təu-, teu̯ə-, tu̯ō-, tū̆- IE    teuk- to swell, intumesce
1085 teuk- tēu- germ, seed, sprout, offspring
1085 teup- IE    to crouch down, conceal oneself
1085 teus- to empty
1085 teu̯ə-, tu̯ā- to sift
1086 ti-ti-, (ti)til- (onomatopoeic: chirping of small bird)
1086 ti̯eg- to retreat, step back in fear; shy
1086-87 1. to-, tā-, ti̯o- IE    so(s) that, him (neut. or non-nom. demonstrative stem)
1088 2. to- ati (prefix)
1088 tolk- IE    to speak
1088 1. tong-, *teng- IE    2. teng- to think, feel
1088 2. tong- tag- to touch, grip, seize
1088 top- IE    to reach, stay; place
1088-89 tor-, toro-s IE    trozdos- loud, distinct, audible
1089 trāgh-, trō̆gh-, and trē̆gh- IE    trek- to drag, train, pull, move
1090 trē̆b-, trōb-, treb-, or trəb-, tr̥b- IE    building, dwelling
1090 treg- 1. (s)ter- to make an effort, use all one's strength; battle, force; solid
1090-92 trei- IE    three, trio
1092 treig- 3. (s)treig- to hiss
1092 treisti-, or trīsti- sulky, moody, stubborn
1092 trek- IE    dherāgh- to pull, run
1092-93 trem-, trems- IE    1. trep- to shake, tremble; to stomp, trample
1093 1. trenk- IE    2. trenk- to throng, push, press together
1094 2. trenk- 1. trenk- to wash, bathe, cleanse
1094 1. trep- IE    tres- to trip, tread, trample
1094 2. trep- IE    to bow the head, turn away in shame
1095 3. trep-, treb- (s)trep- to cry, make wild noises
1095 tres-, ters-, *teres- IE    1. ter- to quiver, tremble
1095 trē̆u- to prosper
1095-96 tr-eu-d- IE    trū̆des- to thrust, push, press, squash
1096 trii̯əto-, trīto- sea; wet, watery
1096 tris- vine; stem, stalk
1096 trozdos- : tr̥zdos- IE    4. ter- thrush, blackbird
1096-97 trū̆des- tr-eu-d- scratchy; leprosy?
1097 truk̑- tu̯erk̑- to cut
1097 trus- reed
1097 tu, tutu IE    (onomatopoeic: chirping of bird)
1097-98 tū̆ IE    thou, you
1098 tū-lo- slow, lazy, sluggish; boring
1098 1. tu̯ā̆k-, tuk- to bind, close up, pull together
1098 2. tu̯ak- IE    to bathe
1099 tu̯akos skin
1099 1. tu̯ē̆i- to hack, hew, cut down, hit sharply
1099 2. tu̯ei-, extended tu̯ei-s- IE    to shake, excite, move back and forth, shimmer
1099 tu̯en- 1. (s)teu- to hit, push, thrust
1099-1100 tu̯eng̑h- IE    to twinge, oppress, constrain, close in
1100-1 1. tu̯er- : tur-, and tu̯r̥- IE    to twirl, turn
1101 2. tu̯er- : tur-, tu̯erə- IE    to grab, hold
1102 tu̯erk̑- IE    truk̑- to cut
1102 tu̯ī̆bh- hollow
1102 tu̯ō[u]- : tu̯əu- : tū-l- pipe, tube
1103 1. u- (onomatopoeic: owl's hoot, etc.)
1103 2. u- 5. u̯e- ooh! (interjection of pain)
1103 ub- to drag, press down
1103-4 ū̆d- IE    ghe- out, away, up(wards)
1104-5 udero-, u̯ēdero- IE    belly, uterus
1105 ul- IE    albhi- (onomatopoeic: to howl, ululate)
1105-6 upér, upéri IE    upo over, above
1106-7 upo, up, eup, (e)up-s- IE    upér under, (from) below, etc.
1108 1. u̯ā-, u̯ō-, u̯ə- 2. u̯en- to hit, wound
1108 u̯en- IE    to hit, wound
1108-9 2. u̯ā- IE    (to pull) apart
1109 u̯āb- IE    1. u̯ap- to call, cry, weep, lament
1109 u̯adh- IE    pledge
1109 u̯ādh-, u̯ədh- IE    to go, wade, stride, march
1110 1. u̯ā̆g- IE    sheath, cover, hollow lid
1110 2. u̯ā̆g- u̯ā̆gh- to cry, shriek
1110 u̯ā̆gh-, suā̆gh- IE    2. u̯ā̆g- to cry, shriek, sough
1110-11 u̯ai IE    woe; wolf
1111 u̯ā̆i-, u̯ī- IE    weak, miserable
1111 u̯ā̆kā IE    cow
1111-12 u̯al-, u̯al-d(h)- IE    to prevail, be strong
1112 u̯ank̑- beam
1112 1. u̯ap- 2. u̯ap- to chatter
1112-13 2. u̯ap-, ū̆p- IE    u̯āb- to call, cry
1113 u̯āsto-s 1. eu- to lack; empty
1113 1. u̯āt-, better u̯ōt- IE    wood, vatic, mentally animated
1113 2. u̯ā̆t- IE    u̯əg- to bend, curve
1113-14 u̯azdh-, better u̯ozdh- long, wide
1114 1. u̯ē̆-, u̯ei- IE    3. ne- we two (dual), we (plural)
1114 2. u̯e-, u̯edh- 1. u̯ebh- to weave
1114 3. u̯ē-, u̯ə- IE    u̯ēp- to blow
1114 4. u̯e-, u̯o-, u̯es- 3. au- from, away, downward
1114 5. u̯e-, u̯o- 4. au- other; that (one)
1114 1. u̯ebh- IE    5. au̯- to plait, weave, waver, move back and forth
1114-15 2. u̯ebh- u̯obhsā to roam, swarm, wander
1115 u̯ed- 2. u̯edh- to lead
1115 1. u̯edh- IE    to hit, push
1115-16 2. u̯edh-, before nasals u̯ed- IE    u̯ed- to lead
1116-17 3. u̯edh- 1. u̯endh- to tie, bind, attach
1117 u̯eg- IE    u̯okso- to bind, weave
1117-18 u̯eg̑- IE    au̯eg- fresh, strong
1118 u̯eg- : ū̆g-, uks- IE    damp, moist; to wet, sprinkle, irrigate; ox
1118-20 u̯eg̑h- IE    to move, drive, carry, convey
1120 u̯əg- : u̯āg- 1. u̯ei- bent, curved
1120-22 1. u̯ei-, u̯ei̯ə- : u̯ī̆- IE    1. u̯eid- to bend, turn, wind
1123 2. u̯ei-, u̯ei̯ə- : u̯ī̆- IE    3. u̯eis- to wizen, wither
1123-24 3. u̯ei-, u̯eiə- : u̯ī- IE    u̯ī̆ro-s to wish, pursue, go for, reach towards; strong, violent
1124 u̯eib- u̯eip- to sway, turn
1124 1. u̯eid- 4. u̯eik- to bend, turn
1125-27 2. u̯(e)id- IE    to vide, see, wit, know
1127-28 u̯eidh-, u̯idh- IE    1. u̯ī̆- to divide, separate; widow
1128 1. u̯eik- IE    to choose, filter, sort out
1128-29 2. u̯eik- IE    force, energy (in battle, victory, etc.)
1129 3. u̯eik- IE    to happen, become equal, come together
1130-31 4. u̯eik-, u̯eig-, extended form of u̯ei- IE    2. u̯eis- to bend, curve; exchange, pass around
1131 u̯eik̑-, u̯ik̑-, u̯oik̑o- IE    house, village, settlement
1131-32 u̯eip-, u̯eib- IE    3. seu- to turn, whip, sway, vibrate
1133 1. u̯eis- IE    to grow, sprout
1133-34 2. u̯eis- u̯ek- to bend, turn
1134 3. u̯eis- IE    2. u̯ei- to flow (away); ooze, virus, poison
1134-35 u̯ek-, u̯e-n-k- u̯ək- to bend
1135 u̯ək- : *u̯āk- IE    u̯e-n-g- bent
1135 u̯ek̑- IE    to want, wish
1135-36 u̯ek- IE    to voice, speak, evoke
1136 u̯ek-ti- IE    whit, thing
1136-37 1. u̯el- IE    to see
1137-38 2. u̯el-, u̯lei-, u̯lē(i)- IE    5. u̯el- to will, want, wish, choose
1138 3. u̯el- IE    7. u̯el- to crowd, press, push
1139-40 4. u̯el-, u̯elə- IE    wool, hair; grass, wold, forest
1140 5. u̯el-, u̯elə- 2. u̯el- to deceive
1140 6. u̯el- warm
1140-44 7. u̯el-, u̯elə-, u̯lē- IE    3. u̯el- to turn, wind; round, voluble
1144-45 8. u̯el- IE    1. u̯elk- to steal; to wound, tear, avulse
1145 1. u̯elk- selk- to pull, drag
1145-46 2. u̯elk-, u̯elg- IE    wet, damp
1146 u̯em-, u̯emə- IE    to spit, spew, wamble, vomit
1146-47 1. u̯en-, u̯enə- IE    to love, venerate, strive/wish for
1147 2. u̯en- 1. u̯ā- to hit, wound
1148 1. u̯endh- IE    3. u̯edh- to turn, wind, wend
1148 2. u̯endh- (s)u̯endh- to wane, disappear
1148 3. u̯endh- hair, beard
1148-49 u̯e-n-g- IE    u̯e-n-gh- bent
1149 u̯e-n-gh- IE    u̯e-n-k- bent
1149 u̯e-n-k- 2. u̯ā̆t- bent
1149 1. *u̯ep- : u̯ō̆p- : up- ab- water
1149 2. u̯ep- to strew, throw out
1149-50 u̯ēp- : u̯əp- 10. au̯(e)- to blow; to soar
1150-51 1. u̯er-, also su̯er- IE    3. u̯er- to bind, attach; strive
1151-52 2. u̯er- IE    highland, raised place; high, top
1152 3. u̯er- IE    5. u̯er- to bend, turn, wrap
1152 3a. u̯er-, u̯r̥mi-s, u̯r̥mo-s IE    worm
1153 3b. u̯er-, u̯er-b-, and u̯er-bh- IE    to bend, turn, warp
1153-54 3c. u̯er-, u̯(e)r-ed- IE    to sway, bend down
1154 3d. u̯er-, u̯er-g- IE    3e. u̯er- to turn, wrench
1154-55 3e. u̯er-, u̯er-g̑h- IE    3f. u̯er- to turn, press, wring, strangle
1155 3f. u̯er-, u̯er-k- IE    u̯er-g- to bend, turn, wind
1156 3g. u̯er-, u̯er-p-, u̯r-ep- IE    to turn, wind
1156-58 3h. u̯er-, u̯er-t- IE    to turn, wind, invert
1158-60 3i. u̯er-, u̯r-ei- IE    to clench the teeth; wroth, confused
1160 4. u̯er- IE    to find, take
1160-62 5. u̯er- IE    1. u̯erg̑- to shut, close, cover; guard, warn, save
1162-63 6. u̯er- IE    u̯rek- to speak, talk formally
1163-64 7. u̯er- IE    to root, open, tear up
1164 8. u̯er- IE    to notice, observe, attend, be aware
1165 9. u̯er- : u̯eru-s IE    wide, broad
1165 10. u̯er- 9. au̯(e)- to flow; wet; water, river, etc.
1165-66 11. u̯er-, u̯erə- IE    to show friendship; true, very, veracious, trustworthy
1166 12. u̯er- IE    to burn
1166 13. u̯er- IE    squirrel, weasel, etc.
1167 u̯(e)rād-, u̯erəd-, u̯rəd- IE    root, branch, twig
1167 u̯erdh-, u̯redh- IE    to grow; high
1168 1. u̯erg̑-, u̯reg̑- IE    u̯ōro- to (en)close, shut off; pen
1168-69 2. u̯erg̑-, u̯reg̑- IE    to do, work, be effective
1169 3. u̯erg̑-, u̯org̑- IE    to abound, be very strong; to swarm, swell
1169 u̯er-g-, u̯er-g̑h-, u̯er-k- 3d. u̯er- to bend, turn
1169 u̯er-(e)nā IE    alder, poplar
1169-70 u̯ers- IE    to drag along the ground
1170 eren- IE    lamb, ram, sheep
1170-71 1. u̯es- IE    2. au- to live, stay overnight
1171 2. u̯es- IE    u̯ē̆su- to feast
1171-72 3. u̯es- IE    to ooze, dampen; wet
1172 4. u̯es- to stick, stab, pierce
1172-73 5. u̯es- IE    to dress, clothe, wear
1173 6. u̯ē̆s- 1. i̯u- you (plural)
1173 7. u̯es- to turn, wind, wrap
1173 8. u̯es- IE    to buy, sell, exchange
1173 u̯es-no- price
1173 9. u̯es- u̯es-r̥ to shine
1173-74 u̯esperos, u̯ekeros IE    vesper, evening
1174 u̯es-r̥ IE    au̯es- spring
1174-75 u̯ē̆su- IE    2. u̯es- good
1175 u̯et- IE    year
1175-76 1. u̯ī̆- IE    2. dhē- apart, separate from, in two; both
1176 2. u̯ī̆-, u̯oi- (onomatopoeic root)
1177 u̯idhu- IE    tree, wood
1177 u̯ī-k̑m̥t-ī IE    dek̑m̥ twenty
1177 u̯ī̆ks- mistletoe, tree with sticky(?) sap
1177 u̯ing̑-, and u̯eig̑-, u̯ig̑-? ang̑h- elm (tree)
1177-78 u̯ī̆ro-s IE    3. u̯ei- man, warrior
1178 u̯i̯eth-, u̯ith- to shake
1178 u̯lek-, u̯l̥k- to light, shine; fiery
1178-79 u̯l̥kos IE    wolf, lobo
1179 u̯l̥p-, lup- IE    (carnivorous animal, esp. fox, wolf, etc.)
1179 u̯obhsā IE    2. u̯ebh- wasp
1179-80 u̯oghni-s, u̯oghnes- IE    plowshare
1180 u̯okso- IE    u̯eg- wax
1180 u̯ōro- IE    5. su̯er- madness; dizziness, weariness
1180 u̯ortoko- IE    quail
1180 1. u̯rā̆g̑h- : u̯rəg̑h- spike, thorn
1181 2. u̯rāg̑h- : u̯rəg̑h- to hit, push
1181 u̯reg-, and u̯erg-? IE    to drag, push, drive, thrust
1181-82 u̯rēg̑-, u̯rōg̑-, u̯rəg̑- IE    to break
1182 u̯rek- 6. u̯er- to speak, talk formally
1182 u̯reik-, u̯ereik- heather
1182 u̯ren- to splash, sprinkle
1183 u̯reth- : u̯roth-, or u̯rath- to support
1183 u̯rughi̯o- IE    rughi̯o- rye

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  • Linguistics Research Center

    University of Texas at Austin
    PCL 5.556
    Mailcode S5490
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