Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: bhlīg̑- : *bhlēig-   'to hit, strike, inflict'

Semantic Field(s): to Hit, Strike, Beat


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Middle English: afflight adj disturbed, frightened AHD
afflighten, afflicten vb to afflict W7
conflict n conflict W7
English: afflict vb.trans to humble, overthrow AHD/W7
conflict n disagreement AHD/W7
inflict vb.trans to give by striking AHD/W7
profligate adj given to dissipation/licentiousness AHD/W7
Latin: afflīgō, afflīgere, afflictus vb to cast down W7
cōnflīctus, cōnflīctūs n.masc act of striking together W7
cōnflīgō, cōnflīgere, cōnflictus vb to strike together W7
flīgō, flīgere vb to strike W7
īnflīgō, īnflīgere, īnflīctus vb to knock W7
prōflīgō, prōflīgāre, prōflīgātus vb to strike down W7
Old Church Slavonic: blizь prep near (to) LRC
Greek: thlibein vb to squeeze W7


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
masc=masculine (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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