PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes
Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.
Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.
All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.
Pokorny Etymon: bhrag-, better bhrə-g- 'to scent, smell'
|English:||brach||n.arch||hound that hunts by scent||W2I|
|fragrant||adj||marked by smell||AHD/W7|
|Old High German:||bracko, bracc(h)o||n||brach||W2I/AHD|
|Middle High German:||bræhen||vb||to smell||W7|
|Latin:||fragro, fragrare||vb||to be fragrant, perfumed||W7|
|Late Latin:||flagro, flagrāre||vb||to burn||W7|
|flair||n.masc||odor, action of smelling||W7|
|flairier||vb||to give off an odor||W7|
|French:||flair||n.masc||sense of smell (esp. for dogs)||W7|
Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:
Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):
|AHD||=||Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)|
|W2I||=||Webster's New International Dictionary of the English Language, 2nd ed. (1959)|
|W7||=||Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)|