Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: 6. el-, elə- : lā-, el-eu-(dh-)   'to go, move, drive'

Semantic Field(s): to Go, to Move, to Drive


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Old Irish: luid he went W7
Middle English: proselite n proselyte W7
English: elasmobranch adj fish with lamellate gills, incl. shark/ray/chimaera AHD/W7
elastic adj able to recover size/shape after deformation AHD/W7
elater n click beetle AHD/W7
elaterite n dark brown elastic resin AHD/W7
proselyte n neophyte, new convert AHD/W7
West Germanic  
German: Elaterit n elaterite W7
Late Latin: proselytus n.masc proselyte, alien resident W7
New Latin: elasticus adj ductile W7
elater n.masc click beetle W7
Greek: elasmos n.masc metal plate W7
elatēr n.masc driver W7
ἐλαύνω vb to drive, set in motion LRC
elthein vb to go W7
-ήλυτος sfx (one who has) come LRC
προσήλυτος n.masc convert LRC
Late Greek: elastos adj ductile, beaten W7
Classical Armenian: elanem vb to come, go up LRC
ełanim vb to become LRC


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
masc=masculine (gender)
pret=preterite (tense)
sg=singular (number)
3=3rd person

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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