Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: eu̯egh-   'to praise, worship, avow, speak formally'

Semantic Field(s): Praise (n), to Worship, to Speak, Talk


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Middle English: avowen, avouen vb to avow CDC/W7
devot adj devout W7
vowe n vow W7
vowen vb to vow W7
English: avow vb to claim, declare as fact W7
devote vb.trans to dedicate via solemn act AHD/W7
devout adj devoted to religion/religious duties/exercises AHD/W7
votary n sworn adherent AHD/W7
vote n formal expression of will/opinion AHD/W7
votive adj offered/performed in devotion/gratitude/fulfillment of vow AHD/W7
vow n solemn promise/assertion AHD/W7
vow vb to avow, declare AHD/W7
Latin: advoco, advocare vb to call, summon (to one's aid) W7
dēvoveō, dēvovēre, dēvōvī, dēvōtum vb to vow, devote, consecrate LRC
votivus adj votive W7
votum n.neut vow, wish W7
voveo, vovēre, vōvī, vōtum vb to vow, pledge, dedicate LRC
Late Latin: devotus vb.ptc devout W7
Old French: avo(u)er vb to avow CDC/W7
devot adj/n.masc devout W7
voeu n.masc vow W7
Old Occitan: avoar vb to avow CDC
Homeric Greek: εὐχετάομαι vb.dep to vow, pray LRC
εὐχή n.fem vow, prayer LRC
Hittite: huk- vb to conjure, treat by incantation LRC
Sanskrit: óhate, ūhate vb to claim, declare; bless, glorify LRC


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)
neut=neuter (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
CDC=W.D. Whitney and B.E. Smith: The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia (1889-1911)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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