Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: laidh-, lidh-   'to cut, hurt, injure'

Semantic Field(s): to Cut, to Harm, Injure, Damage


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
English: collide vb to meet/strike forcefully CDC
elide vb to omit, remove, eliminate CDC
lesion n cut, wound, injury CDC
West Germanic  
Dutch: collideren vb to collide CDC
German: collidiren vb to collide CDC
North Germanic  
Danish: kollidere vb to collide CDC
Latin: conlīdō, conlīdere vb to collide, clash together CDC
ēlīdō, ēlīdere vb to elide, strike out CDC
laedō, laedere, laesī, laesum vb to hurt, strike, offend LRC
laesiō, laesiōnis n.fem injury, personal attack CDC
Portuguese: collidir vb to collide CDC
elidir vb to elide CDC
lesão n lesion CDC
Spanish: elidir vb to elide CDC
lesion n lesion CDC
French: lésion n lesion CDC
Italian: collidere vb to collide CDC
elidere vb to elide CDC
lesione n lesion CDC


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
CDC=W.D. Whitney and B.E. Smith: The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia (1889-1911)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin

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