Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: lā[i]p-, ləip-, ləp-   'to burn, shine'

Semantic Field(s): to Burn, Scorch, to Shine, Glisten


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Middle English: lamp n lamp W7
lanterne n lantern W7
English: eclampsia n convulsive state AHD/W7
lamp n vessel with wick for burning flammable liquid to produce light AHD/W7
lantern n protective lamp case with (transparent) openings AHD/W7
West Germanic  
Dutch: lamp n lamp TLL
German: Lampe n.fem lamp LRC
Laterne n.fem lantern LRC
North Germanic  
Old Norse: leiptr n lightning W7
Danish: lampe n lamp TLL
Swedish: lampa n lamp TLL
Latin: lampas n.fem torch W7
lanterna n.fem lamp, lantern W7
Old French: lampe n.fem lamp W7
Middle French: lanterne n.fem lantern W7
Greek: eklampw vb to shine forth W7
eklampsis n.fem sudden flashing W7
lampas, lampados n.fem torch W7
λαμπρός adj shiny LRC
lamptēr n.masc lantern W7
lampw vb to shine W7
περιλάμπω vb to shine around LRC


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
TLL=Frederick Bodmer: The Loom of Language (1944)
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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