Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: las-   'greedy, covetous'

Semantic Field(s): to Desire, to Will, Wish


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Old English: lust n.masc lust, desire LRC
lystan vb.wk to list W7/ASD
Middle English: lust n lust W7
lysten vb to list W7
English: larva n wingless immature vermiform insect hatched from egg W7
lascivious adj lewd, lustful AHD/W7
list vb to suit, please, satisfy desire AHD/W7
lust n delight, pleasure AHD/W7
wanderlust n strong impulse/longing to wander AHD/W7
West Germanic  
Old Frisian: lust n lust, desire ASD
Old Saxon: lust n lust, desire ASD
lustean vb to list ASD
Old High German: lust n.fem lust W7
lustjan vb to list ASD
lustōn vb to lust, desire ASD
German: Lust n.fem lust, joy, desire W7/ASD
lüsten vb to lust, list, covet ASD
Wanderlust n.fem wanderlust W7
North Germanic  
Icelandic: lysta vb to list ASD
Swedish: larv n larva, caterpillar TLL
East Germanic  
Gothic: lustōn vb to lust, desire ASD
lustus n lust, desire, pleasure ASD
Latin: Larēs Roman cultic deities with local/specific scope as protector-gods LRC
lārva n.fem mask, ghost, specter W7
lascivia n.fem wantonness W7
lascivus adj wanton W7
New Latin: lārva n.fem larva W7
Greek: λιλαίομαι vb to desire, be eager for LRC


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)
pl=plural (number)
wk=weak (inflection)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
ASD=Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller: An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1898)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
TLL=Frederick Bodmer: The Loom of Language (1944)
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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