Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: 4. lē̆i-   'to pour'

Semantic Field(s): to Pour


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
English: libation n pouring liquid as sacrifice (to deity) AHD/W7
littoral adj re: seashore AHD/W7
prelibation n foretaste AHD/W7
North Germanic  
Old Norse: lið n.neut people; band, host; herd LRC
Latin: libatio, libationis n.fem libation, drink offering W7
libo, libare, libavi, libatus vb to pour as an offering W7
litoralis adj of the seashore W7
litus, litoris n.neut seashore LRC
praelibatio, praelibationis n.fem prelibation W7
praelibatus, praelibatūs vb.ptc drink offered in advance W7
praelibo, praelibare vb to taste beforehand W7
Lithuanian: Lietuvà prop.n.fem Lithuania LRC
lietùvis n.masc Lithuanian LRC
lietùviškas, lietùviška adj Lithuanian LRC
Greek: leibw vb to pour W7


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)
neut=neuter (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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