Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: 1. mezg-   'to dive, plunge, immerse'

Semantic Field(s): to Jump, Leap, to Sink


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
English: demersal adj sinking in water; dwelling at/near bottom AHD/CDC
emerge vb.intrans to rise (as if) from enveloping fluid AHD/W7
immerse vb.trans to plunge into fluid that covers/surrounds AHD/W7
merge vb to immerse, plunge/engulf in something AHD/W7
submerge vb to put under water AHD/W7
Latin: emergo, emergere vb to emerge, come out of water W7
immergo, immergere, immersi, immersus vb to immerse W7
mergo, mergere, mersi, mersus vb to dip, dive, plunge W7
submergo, submergere vb to submerge, immerse W7
Sanskrit: majjati vb to dive W7


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
CDC=W.D. Whitney and B.E. Smith: The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia (1889-1911)
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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