PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes
Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.
Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.
All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.
Pokorny Etymon: rem-, remə- 'to rest; to support'
|Old English:||rand||n.masc||edge, brink, margin; shore||GED/ASD|
|sǣ-rima||n.masc||seashore, seacoast, lit. sea-rim||LRC|
|Middle English:||rim(e), rym||n||rim||CDC|
|English:||rim||n||outer edge/border of object||CDC|
|Old High German:||rama||n||column, support||KDW|
|rant||n.masc||rim, shield rim||GED|
|German:||Rahmen||n.masc||frame, support, housing||LRC|
|Old Norse:||rǫnd||n.fem||rim, shield rim||LRC|
|rimi||n||strip of land||CDC|
|Norwegian:||rind(e)||n||ridge, crest of hill||GED|
Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:
Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):
|ASD||=||Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller: An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1898)|
|CDC||=||W.D. Whitney and B.E. Smith: The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia (1889-1911)|
|CGo||=||MacDonald Stearns, Jr: Crimean Gothic (1978)|
|GED||=||Winfred P. Lehmann: A Gothic Etymological Dictionary (1986)|
|KDW||=||Gerhard Köbler: Althochdeutsches Wörterbuch, 4th ed. (1993)|
|LRC||=||Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin|
|TLL||=||Frederick Bodmer: The Loom of Language (1944)|