Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: (s)leidh-   'to slide; slippery'

Semantic Field(s): to Slip, Slide


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Old English: slīdan vb.str to slide W7/ASD
slidrian vb.freq to slither W7
Middle English: sledde n sled W7
sliden vb to slide W7
slideren vb to slither W7
English: Schlitterbahn prop.n Texas water amusement park LRC
sled n vehicle on runners for use on snow/ice AHD/W7
sledge n sleigh AHD/W7
sleigh n large sled for transport AHD/W7
slide, slid vb.str to slip, move smoothly along surface AHD/W7
slither vb to slip, slide, glide OED
West Germanic  
Middle Dutch: sledde n sled W7
Dutch: slede n sled W7
slee n sleigh W7
sleedse n sledge W7
Middle High German: slīten vb to slide W7
German: Schlitten n.masc sled LRC
schlittern vb to slide LRC
Homeric Greek: λεῖος adj smooth, even, level LRC


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
freq=frequentative (aspect)
masc=masculine (gender)
str=strong (inflection)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
ASD=Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller: An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1898)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
OED=James A.H. Murray et al: The Oxford English Dictionary (1933)
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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