Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: 1. teng-   'to dunk, soak, wet'

Semantic Field(s): Wet, Damp


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Middle English: steynen vb to stain W7
tainten, taynten vb to taint, color W7
tingen vb to tinge W7
English: dunk vb to dip into liquid AHD/W7
intinction n dipping bread in wine (in Communion) AHD/W7
stain vb to soil, discolor AHD/W7
taint vb to touch/affect slightly but badly AHD/W7
tinct adj tinted, tinged AHD/W7
tinge vb.trans to tint, color with weak shade/stain AHD/W7
tint n hue, slight/pale coloration AHD/W7
West Germanic  
Pennsylvania German: dunke vb to dunk W7
Old High German: dunkōn vb to dunk W7
Middle High German: dunken vb to dunk W7
German: dunken vb to dunk LRC
North Germanic  
Old Norse: steina vb to stain, paint W7
Latin: intinctus vb.ptc dipped in W7
intingo, intingere vb to dip in W7
tinctus n.masc act of dyeing W7
tinctus vb.ptc dyed W7
tingo, tingere vb to dip, moisten; tinge, dye W7
Late Latin: intinctio, intinctionis n.fem baptism W7
Anglo-French: teinter vb to color W7
Middle French: teindre vb to dye W7
teint vb.ptc colored W7
Greek: τέγγω vb to wet, moisten LRC


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

Nearby etymon:    previous   |   next

  • Linguistics Research Center

    University of Texas at Austin
    PCL 5.556
    Mailcode S5490
    Austin, Texas 78712

  • For comments and inquiries, or to report issues, please contact the Web Master at