Classical Greek Online

Greek: Base Form Dictionary

This Base Form Dictionary index lists, in an alphabetical order suitable to the language and the script employed for it, every unique base form underlying one or more surface (word) forms in lesson texts. For each base form a general meaning (if any) is shown, along with links to every usage, in every numbered lesson, of the associated surface forms. With this index, one may click on any link to perform a quick "usage look-up," and thereby study how surface forms in texts are constructed from base forms.

A new, experimental feature is being introduced to these EIEOL lessons, namely the addition of pointers to Proto-Indo-European roots identified by Julius Pokorny in his monumental work, Indogermanisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (2 vols. Bern: Franke, 1959-1969; reprinted in 1989). Because Pokorny is becoming increasingly outdated, we may revise these links in the future; however, for the time being, this information might prove interesting to those who are curious about Indo-European etymology. Notice of potential error is always welcome.

<ἄγαθος> good -- <ἄγαμαι> to wonder, admire -- [Pokorny meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)- :: big, much, great, major, mega-]   -- <ἄγγελος> messenger -- <ἀδάμας> steel -- <Αδείμαντος> Adeimontus -- <ἀδικέω> wrong -- [Pokorny deik̑- :: to teach, show]   -- <ἀδύνατος> impossible -- [Pokorny 2. deu-, or dou- : du- :: to worship, venerate; mighty]   -- <ἀέθλος> battle, woe -- [Pokorny 11. au̯ē-, (u̯e-d(h)-?) :: to strain, take pains]   -- <ἀεί> always -- [Pokorny aiu̯-, ai̯u- :: vitality, life force]   -- <ἀείδω> sing, chant -- [Pokorny 6. au̯-, au̯ed- :: to speak]   -- <ἅζομαι> stand in awe of -- [Pokorny i̯ag- :: to worship, venerate]   -- <ἀθάνατος> immortal -- [Pokorny 4. dheu-, dheu̯ə-, presumably dhu̯ē-, compare suffixes dhu̯ē-k-, dhu̯ē̆-s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <ἁθρόος> together -- [Pokorny 2. dher-, dherə- :: to hold, support]   -- <Αἰγεύς> Aegeus -- <Αἵδης> Hades -- [Pokorny 2. u̯(e)id- :: to vide, see, wit, know]   -- <αἰεί> always -- [Pokorny aiu̯-, ai̯u- :: vitality, life force]   -- <αἰπύς> deep -- <αἰτέω> request -- [Pokorny ai-ti-, ai-to-, oi-to- :: part, portion]   -- <αἰτία> cause, reason -- [Pokorny ai-ti-, ai-to-, oi-to- :: part, portion]   -- <αἴτιος> blameworthy -- [Pokorny ai-ti-, ai-to-, oi-to- :: part, portion]   -- <ἀκήδης> without sorrow -- [Pokorny k̑ād- : k̑ədes- : k̑əd-s- :: hate, displeasure, uneasiness]   -- <ἀκλεός> without fame -- [Pokorny 1. k̑leu-, k̑leu̯ə- : k̑lū- :: to hear, listen]   -- <ἀκούω> hear, listen -- <ἄκρον> mountain-top, peak -- [Pokorny 2. ak̑-, ok̑- :: sharp, acute, angular; stone]   -- <ἀκρόπολις> Acropolis -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <ἄλγος> woe -- <Ἀλέξανδρος> Alexandros -- <ἀληθῶς> really, truly -- [Pokorny 2. lā- :: to be hidden, covered, latent]   -- <Ἁλικαρνησεύς> Halicarnassian -- <ἀλλά> but -- <ἀλλήλων> one another -- [Pokorny 1. al-, ol- :: beyond; other, alien]   -- <ἄλλος> other -- [Pokorny 1. al-, ol- :: beyond; other, alien]   -- <ἄλλως> otherwise, especially -- [Pokorny 1. al-, ol- :: beyond; other, alien]   -- <ἅμα> at the same time -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <ἀμειξία> lack of intercourse -- [Pokorny mei-k̑-, and mei-g̑-? :: to mix, mash, stir]   -- <ἁμόθεν> from any point -- [Pokorny i̯ag- :: to worship, venerate]   -- <ἀμφί> around, between -- [Pokorny ambhi, m̥bhi :: around, at both sides]   -- <ἄν> if -- [Pokorny 2. an- :: there, other side]   -- <ἀνά> on -- [Pokorny 4. an-, anu, anō, nō :: on, along, over there]   -- <ἀναβαίνω> mount, go up -- [Pokorny gā-, gem- :: to come, go]   -- <ἀνάγκη> force, compulsion -- [Pokorny 1. ank- :: force; need, necessity]   -- <ἀνάγομαι> put out to sea -- <ἀνακαλέω> designate -- [Pokorny 6. kel-, k(e)lē-, k(e)lā-, or kl̥̄-? :: to call, cry]   -- <ἀναλαμβάνω> take along -- [Pokorny (s)lā̆g- :: to grab, latch, seize]   -- <ἄναξ> ruler -- <ἀνήρ> man -- [Pokorny 1. ner(-t)-, aner-, əner-? :: vital force; man]   -- <ἄνθρωπος> human being -- [Pokorny 1. ner(-t)-, aner-, əner-? :: vital force; man]   -- <ἀντί> instead of -- [Pokorny ant-s :: brow, front, anterior]   -- <ἀντίθεος> godlike -- [Pokorny dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <ἀντίπαλος> contrast -- <ἀπαιρέω> take off -- [Pokorny 1. ser- :: to flow, stream]   -- <ἀπαιτέω> request -- [Pokorny ai-ti-, ai-to-, oi-to- :: part, portion]   -- <ἅπας> all -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <ἀπείρων> boundless -- [Pokorny āpero- :: shore, bank (of river)]   -- <ἀπερείσιος> countless -- <ἀπό> from -- [Pokorny apo-, pō̆, ap-u, pu :: off, out of, away from]   -- <ἀποδείκνυμι> propose -- [Pokorny deik̑- :: to teach, show]   -- <ἀπόδεξις> exposition, publication -- [Pokorny deik̑- :: to teach, show]   -- <ἄποινα> ransom -- <ἀποκρατέω> exceed -- <ἀποκρίνω> separate, answer -- [Pokorny 4. (s)ker-, (s)kerə-, (s)krē- :: to cut, shear, score, scribe]   -- <ἀποκτείνω> kill -- <Ἀπόλλων> Apollo -- [Pokorny apelo- :: strength]   -- <ἀπότομος> precipitous -- <Ἄπτερος> Wingless -- <ἆρα> then -- [Pokorny 4. ar, er, or?, r̥ :: now, therefore; (interrogative particle)]   -- <Ἀργεῖος> Argive -- [Pokorny ar(e)-g̑-, arg̑-?, r̥g̑i- :: white, argent, glittering]   -- <ἀργύρεος> silver -- [Pokorny ar(e)-g̑-, arg̑-?, r̥g̑i- :: white, argent, glittering]   -- <ἀρετῆ> virtue -- [Pokorny 1. ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base arə-, rē-, and i-base (a)rī̆-, rēi- :: to fit, suit]   -- <Ἄρης> Ares -- [Pokorny 2. ere-s-, ers-, r̥s-, eres-, and rē̆s-, rō̆s- :: to flow]   -- <ἀρητήρ> priest -- <Ἀριάδνη> Ariadne -- <ἁρμόττω> fit together -- <ἄρνυμαι> win -- [Pokorny 2. ar-, or er- :: to share, distribute]   -- <ἁρπαγή> abduction -- [Pokorny 5. ser-, extended serp- :: sickle]   -- <ἁρπάζω> carry off -- [Pokorny 5. ser-, extended serp- :: sickle]   -- <ἀρχαιος> old -- <ἀρχή> beginning, first principle -- <ἄρχω> begin -- <ἀσθένεια> weakness -- <Ἀσία> Asia -- <ἀσπερχές> unceasingly -- [Pokorny sperg̑h-, spreg̑h-, nasalized spreng̑h- :: to rush, hurry, spring, jump]   -- <ἄστυ> city -- [Pokorny 1. u̯es- :: to live, stay overnight]   -- <ἀτασθαλία> folly -- <ἄτερ> without -- [Pokorny ati, ato- :: over, beyond]   -- <ἀτιμάζω> dishonor -- [Pokorny 1. kei(-t)- :: to observe with respect, pay attention to]   -- <ἀτμίς> steam, vapor -- [Pokorny 10. au̯(e)-, au̯ē(i)-, u̯ē- :: to vent, blow]   -- <Ἀτρείδης> son of Atreus -- <αὐτάρ> but -- [Pokorny ati, ato- :: over, beyond]   -- <αὖτε> then, again -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <αὔτις> again -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <αὐτόματος> by itself -- [Pokorny 3. men- :: to think; mind, spiritual activity]   -- <αὐτός> oneself, he -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <ἀφαιρέω> take away -- [Pokorny 1. ser- :: to flow, stream]   -- <ἀφίημι> send forth, throw down, permit, forgive -- [Pokorny 3. u̯ei-, u̯eiə- : u̯ī- :: to wish, pursue, go for, reach towards; strong, violent]   -- <ἀφικνέομαι> come to, reach -- <ἀφομοιο̃ω> to make like -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <Ἀχαιός> Achaean -- <Ἀχιλλεύς> Achilles -- <βάρβαρος> foreigner, non-Greek -- [Pokorny baba- :: babble, babbling, unclear speech]   -- <βάρβαρος> foreign, not Greek -- [Pokorny baba- :: babble, babbling, unclear speech]   -- <βασιλεύς> king -- <βλέπω> see -- <βοάω> shout -- [Pokorny 1. b(e)u-, bh(e)u- :: (onomatopoeic: dull noise)]   -- <βοή> shout -- [Pokorny 1. b(e)u-, bh(e)u- :: (onomatopoeic: dull noise)]   -- <βουλή> will -- [Pokorny 2. gel-, gelə-, glē- :: to flow, drip down; throw]   -- <βούλομαι> wish, request -- [Pokorny 2. gel-, gelə-, glē- :: to flow, drip down; throw]   -- <βοῦς> cow, ox -- [Pokorny gou- :: cow, ox, gaur]   -- <γαῖα> land -- <γάρ> for -- [Pokorny 4. ar, er, or?, r̥ :: now, therefore; (interrogative particle)]   -- <γε> indeed -- [Pokorny ghe-, gho- :: (enclitic (emphatic?) particle)]   -- <γενεή> family, generation, race -- [Pokorny 1. g̑en-, g̑enə-, g̑nē-, g̑nō- :: to bear, produce, generate]   -- <γένος> race -- [Pokorny 1. g̑en-, g̑enə-, g̑nē-, g̑nō- :: to bear, produce, generate]   -- <γέρρον> ox-hide wicker shield -- [Pokorny g̑ers- :: to bend, turn]   -- <γίγνομαι> happen, become -- [Pokorny 1. g̑en-, g̑enə-, g̑nē-, g̑nō- :: to bear, produce, generate]   -- <γιγνώσκω> know, learn -- [Pokorny 2. g̑en-, g̑enə-, g̑nē-, g̑nō- :: to ken, know, recognize]   -- <γλαφυρός> hollow -- [Pokorny gelebh- :: to flay, scrape]   -- <γραφικῆ> painting -- [Pokorny gerebh- :: to carve, scratch; write]   -- <γυνή> woman -- [Pokorny gē̆nā :: wife, queen, woman]   -- <δακρύω> weep -- [Pokorny dak̑ru- :: tear (from the eye)]   -- <Δαναοί> Danaans -- [Pokorny dā- :: fluid; river; to flow]   -- <δασύς> hairy, shaggy -- [Pokorny 2. dens- :: dense]   -- <δέ> and, on the other hand -- [Pokorny de-, do- :: I-deictic; here]   -- <δεινός> terrible -- [Pokorny du̯ei- :: to fear]   -- <δεξιά> the right hand -- [Pokorny 1. dek̑- :: to take]   -- <Δευκαλίων> Deucalion -- [Pokorny deuk- :: to tug, pull, drag, tow]   -- <δεύτερον> second -- [Pokorny 3. deu-, deu̯ə-, du̯ā-, dū- :: to pass, move forward]   -- <δεύτερος> second -- [Pokorny 3. deu-, deu̯ə-, du̯ā-, dū- :: to pass, move forward]   -- <δέχομαι> receive -- [Pokorny 1. dek̑- :: to take]   -- <δή> indeed -- [Pokorny de-, do- :: I-deictic; here]   -- <δῆλος> clear, obvious -- [Pokorny 1. dei-, dei̯ə-, dī-, di̯ā- :: to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity]   -- <δηλόω> be clear, reveal -- [Pokorny 1. dei-, dei̯ə-, dī-, di̯ā- :: to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity]   -- <δημιουργός> craftsman -- [Pokorny 1. u̯erg̑-, u̯reg̑- :: to (en)close, shut off; pen]   -- <δημοσίᾳ> in public -- [Pokorny dā : də-, and dāi- : dəi-, dī̆- :: to share, divide]   -- <δημοτικός> of the people, in common use -- [Pokorny dā : də-, and dāi- : dəi-, dī̆- :: to share, divide]   -- <διά> through, by -- [Pokorny du̯ō(u) :: two, duo]   -- <διαβολή> false accusation, calumny -- <διαγιγνώσκω> discern, distinguish -- [Pokorny 2. g̑en-, g̑enə-, g̑nē-, g̑nō- :: to ken, know, recognize]   -- <διάνοια> thought, mind -- <διαφανής> transparent, red-hot -- [Pokorny 1. bhā-, bhō-, bhə- :: to shine, glisten]   -- <διαφθείρω> destroy, kill -- [Pokorny ghðei(ə)- :: to destroy, perish]   -- <δίδωμι> give -- [Pokorny dō- : də-, also dō-u- : dəu- : du- :: to give, donate]   -- <δι-ίστημι> separate, strive -- [Pokorny stā- : stə- :: to stand]   -- <δίκαιος> just, righteous -- [Pokorny deik̑- :: to teach, show]   -- <δικαιοσύνη> justice, righteousness -- [Pokorny deik̑- :: to teach, show]   -- <δίκη> custom, right -- [Pokorny deik̑- :: to teach, show]   -- <διόπερ> therefore, so -- [Pokorny du̯ō(u) :: two, duo]   -- <δῖος> godlike, noble -- [Pokorny 1. dei-, dei̯ə-, dī-, di̯ā- :: to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity]   -- <δοκέω> seem, think -- [Pokorny 1. dek̑- :: to take]   -- <δρόμος> run -- [Pokorny 3. der-, drā-, dreb-, drem-, dreu- :: to run, trip, tread, tramp]   -- <δύναμαι> be able -- [Pokorny 2. deu-, or dou- : du- :: to worship, venerate; mighty]   -- <δύναμις> power -- [Pokorny 2. deu-, or dou- : du- :: to worship, venerate; mighty]   -- <δυνατός> possible -- [Pokorny 2. deu-, or dou- : du- :: to worship, venerate; mighty]   -- <δύο> two -- [Pokorny du̯ō(u) :: two, duo]   -- <δυσμένεια> enmity, hate -- [Pokorny 3. men- :: to think; mind, spiritual activity]   -- <δῶμα> house, home -- [Pokorny dem-, demə- :: to build, timber; house, domicile]   -- <ἑαυτός> himself -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <ἐγγύς> near -- [Pokorny gou̯ə-, or gau̯ə-? : gū- :: hand; to grab]   -- <ἐγώ> I -- [Pokorny eg̑-, eg̑(h)om, eg̑ō :: ego, I (pronoun)]   -- <ἐθέλω> wish, want -- [Pokorny ghel- :: to want, wish]   -- <ἔθνος> nation, people, tribe -- <εἰ> if -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <εἶδον> saw -- [Pokorny 2. u̯(e)id- :: to vide, see, wit, know]   -- <εἴδω> see, know -- [Pokorny 2. u̯(e)id- :: to vide, see, wit, know]   -- <εἴκοσι> twenty -- [Pokorny u̯ī-k̑m̥t-ī :: twenty]   -- <εἰκών> image, portrait -- [Pokorny 3. u̯eik- :: to happen, become equal, come together]   -- <εἷμα> clothing -- [Pokorny 5. u̯es- :: to dress, clothe, wear]   -- <εἶμι> go -- [Pokorny 1. ei- :: to go, exit]   -- <εἰμί> I am -- [Pokorny es- :: is, to be]   -- <εἵνεκεν> because of -- [Pokorny u̯ək- : *u̯āk- :: bent]   -- <εἴρω> speak, say -- [Pokorny 6. u̯er- :: to speak, talk formally]   -- <εἰς> towards -- [Pokorny 1. en :: in]   -- <εἷς> one -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <εἴτε> whether...or -- <εἴχω> have, be -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <ἐκ> from, out of -- [Pokorny eg̑hs, eg̑hz :: from, out of, ex-]   -- <ἕκαστος> each, every -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ἐκδιδώμι> give up -- [Pokorny dō- : də-, also dō-u- : dəu- : du- :: to give, donate]   -- <ἐκεῖ> there -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἐκεῖνος> that -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἑκηβόλος> far-shooting -- [Pokorny u̯ek̑- :: to want, wish]   -- <ἐκνικάω> prevail -- [Pokorny nēik- : nīk- : nik- :: to rail, fight, assault]   -- <ἐκπέρθω> destroy -- [Pokorny bheredh-, bhṛdho- :: to cut; board]   -- <ἐλαύνω> set in motion -- [Pokorny 6. el-, elə- : lā-, el-eu-(dh-) :: to go, move, drive]   -- <ἐλεαίρω> pity -- <Ἑλένη> Helen -- <Ἑλλάς> Greece -- <Ἕλλην> Greek -- <Ἑλληνικός> Greek -- <Ἕλληνος> Hellenos -- <ἑλώριον> spoils, booty -- [Pokorny 3. sel- :: to grab, seize, take]   -- <ἐμβασιλεύω> be king in -- <ἔμμετρος> metrical -- [Pokorny 3. mē-, m-e-t- :: to measure]   -- <ἔμπης> nevertheless -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <ἐμπίπλημι> fill -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <ἔμπροσθεν> before, in front -- <ἐμφέρης> resembling -- <ἐν> in -- [Pokorny 1. en :: in]   -- <ἐναλείψω> paint, smear -- <ἐναλίγκιος> resembling, like -- <ἐνέδρα> ambush -- [Pokorny sed- :: to sit, set, settle]   -- <ἔνειμι> to be in, to be possible -- [Pokorny 1. en :: in]   -- <ἐνέπω> tell, tell of -- [Pokorny u̯ek- :: to voice, speak, evoke]   -- <ἔνθα> then, there -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἐνιαυτός> year -- [Pokorny 2. en- :: year]   -- <ἐνοικέω> dwelling in -- [Pokorny u̯eik̑-, u̯ik̑-, u̯oik̑o- :: house, village, settlement]   -- <ἐνταῦθα> then, there -- [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   -- <ἐντεῦθεν> from there -- [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   -- <ἐξ> from, out of -- [Pokorny eg̑hs, eg̑hz :: from, out of, ex-]   -- <ἐξαπίνης> on a sudden -- [Pokorny eg̑hs, eg̑hz :: from, out of, ex-]   -- <ἐξίτηλος> fading, forgotten -- [Pokorny eg̑hs, eg̑hz :: from, out of, ex-]   -- <ἐός> his, her -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ἐπάγω> bring in, invite -- [Pokorny ag̑- :: to lead, drive, agitate]   -- <ἐπεάν> when, after -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἐπεί> when, after -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἐπειδή> after -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἔπειτα> thereupon -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἐπί> on, about -- [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   -- <ἐπιβάλλω> throw on -- [Pokorny 2. gel-, gelə-, glē- :: to flow, drip down; throw]   -- <ἐπίειμι> come near -- [Pokorny 1. ei- :: to go, exit]   -- <ἐπίκλησις> name, title -- [Pokorny 6. kel-, k(e)lē-, k(e)lā-, or kl̥̄-? :: to call, cry]   -- <ἐπικλώθω> spin; decide -- [Pokorny kolə- : klō- :: to spin]   -- <ἐπίσταμαι> know -- [Pokorny stā- : stə- :: to stand]   -- <ἐπιτίθημι> attack -- [Pokorny 2. dhē- :: to do, put, place, set]   -- <ἕπομαι> follow -- [Pokorny 1. sek- :: to segue, follow]   -- <ἔπος> words, saying -- [Pokorny u̯ek- :: to voice, speak, evoke]   -- <ἐπωνυμία> name, designation -- [Pokorny en(o)mn̥-, (o)nomn̥, nōmn̥ :: name]   -- <ἐργάζομαι> work, make -- [Pokorny 2. u̯erg̑-, u̯reg̑- :: to do, work, be effective]   -- <ἔργον> work, deed -- [Pokorny 1. u̯erg̑-, u̯reg̑- :: to (en)close, shut off; pen]   -- <ἐρίζω> quarrel -- [Pokorny 3. er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion]   -- <ἔρις> strife -- [Pokorny 3. er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion]   -- <ἑρμηνεία> interpretation -- <ἐρύκω> hold back -- [Pokorny 5. u̯er- :: to shut, close, cover; guard, warn, save]   -- <ἔρχομαι> come, go -- [Pokorny 3. er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion]   -- <ἐς> towards -- [Pokorny 1. en :: in]   -- <ἐσθίω> eat -- [Pokorny ed- :: to eat]   -- <ἐσθλόν> good -- [Pokorny es- :: is, to be]   -- <ἔσοδος> entrance -- [Pokorny sed- :: to sit, set, settle]   -- <ἕταιρος> comrade -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ἕταρος> comrade -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ἕτερος> other -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <ἔτι> still -- [Pokorny eti :: out, beyond, etc.]   -- <ἔτος> year -- [Pokorny u̯et- :: year]   -- <εὔ> well -- [Pokorny esu-s : su- :: good, able]   -- <εὐκνῆμις> well-greaved -- [Pokorny konəmo-, knāmo-, or kenəmo- :: shinbone]   -- <εὐπρέπεια> appearance, beauty -- [Pokorny prep- :: to catch sight of]   -- <Εὐρώπη> Europe -- <εὐφραίνω> delight, please -- [Pokorny ghren- :: diaphragm; mind, soul]   -- <εὐωδίη> fragrant scent -- <ἐχυρός> strong, secure -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <ἔχω> have -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <Ζεύς> Zeus -- [Pokorny 1. dei-, dei̯ə-, dī-, di̯ā- :: to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity]   -- <ζωγρέω> capture alive -- <ζώω> live -- [Pokorny 3. gei̯-, and gei̯ə- :: to live, survive]   -- <ἤ> or, than -- [Pokorny 2. ē, ō :: oh (vocative interjection)]   -- <ἧ> verily -- <ἡγέομαι> lead, regard, rule -- [Pokorny sāg- :: to seek, track, trail]   -- <ἠδέ> and, also -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἤδη> already -- [Pokorny 2. ē, ō :: oh (vocative interjection)]   -- <Ἠέλιος> Helios -- [Pokorny sā́u̯el-, sāu̯ol-, suu̯él-, su̯el-, sūl- :: Sol, sun]   -- <Ἡερόδοτος> Herodotus -- <ἦθος> custom, character -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ἥκιστα> least -- [Pokorny 3. sēk- :: to abate; lazy, quiet]   -- <ἧμαρ> day -- [Pokorny āmer-, āmōr, āmr̥ :: day]   -- <ἡμέρα> day -- [Pokorny āmer-, āmōr, āmr̥ :: day]   -- <ἡμίθεος> demi-god -- [Pokorny dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <ἤν> if -- [Pokorny 2. an- :: there, other side]   -- <ἥρως> hero -- [Pokorny 2. ser- :: to serve, guard, protect, shelter]   -- <θάλασσα> sea -- <θάλαττα> sea -- <θεά> goddess -- [Pokorny dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θεάομαι> see -- <θεῖος> deity, divinity -- [Pokorny dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θεῖος> divine, godlike -- [Pokorny dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θεός> god -- [Pokorny dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θέω> run -- <Θησεύς> Theseus -- <Θήχης> Theches -- <θνήσκω> die -- [Pokorny 4. dheu-, dheu̯ə-, presumably dhu̯ē-, compare suffixes dhu̯ē-k-, dhu̯ē̆-s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θοός> fast -- [Pokorny 1. dheu- :: to flow, run]   -- <Θρῆ́ιξ> Thracian -- <θυγάτηρ> daughter -- [Pokorny dhug(h)əter- :: daughter]   -- <θυμιάω> burn with smoke -- [Pokorny 4. dheu-, dheu̯ə-, presumably dhu̯ē-, compare suffixes dhu̯ē-k-, dhu̯ē̆-s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θυμός> soul, heart -- [Pokorny 4. dheu-, dheu̯ə-, presumably dhu̯ē-, compare suffixes dhu̯ē-k-, dhu̯ē̆-s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θωμαστός> wonderful -- [Pokorny dhei̯ə- : dhi̯ā- : dhī- :: to look, see, show]   -- <ἰδίᾳ> privately -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ἵεμαι> desire -- [Pokorny 3. u̯ei-, u̯eiə- : u̯ī- :: to wish, pursue, go for, reach towards; strong, violent]   -- <ἱερός> sacred -- [Pokorny 1. eis- :: to move rapidly/violently]   -- <Ἰθάκη> Ithaca -- <ἱκνέομαι> reach -- [Pokorny sē̆ik-, sī̆k- :: to grip, reach for]   -- <ἱππεύς> horseman -- [Pokorny ek̑u̯o-s :: horse]   -- <ἵππος> horse -- [Pokorny ek̑u̯o-s :: horse]   -- <ἱστίον> sail -- <ἱστορία> inquiry, history -- [Pokorny 2. u̯(e)id- :: to vide, see, wit, know]   -- <ἰσχύω> be strong -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <ἴσχω> stay -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <ἴφθιμος> valiant -- <καθαιρέω> take down, destroy -- [Pokorny 1. ser- :: to flow, stream]   -- <καθαρός> clean, pure -- <καί> and -- [Pokorny 2. kai :: and]   -- <καίω> burn -- [Pokorny 2. k̑ēu- : k̑əu-, k̑ū- :: to burn, light (a fire)]   -- <κακός> evil, poor -- [Pokorny kakka- :: to cack, defecate (nursery word)]   -- <καλέω> call, summon -- [Pokorny 6. kel-, k(e)lē-, k(e)lā-, or kl̥̄-? :: to call, cry]   -- <καλός> good, beautiful -- [Pokorny 2. kal-, kali-, kalu- :: handsome, beautiful; healthy]   -- <καλύπτω> cover -- [Pokorny 4. k̑el- :: to hide, conceal]   -- <Καλυψώ> Calypso -- [Pokorny 4. k̑el- :: to hide, conceal]   -- <κάματος> toil, labor -- [Pokorny 4. k̑em(ə)- :: to be/make tired]   -- <κάνναβις> hemp -- <κάρτα> very much, extremely -- [Pokorny 3. kar-, reduplicated karkar- :: hard]   -- <κατά> completely, down, under -- [Pokorny kom :: at, by, cum, with, alongside]   -- <καταπλάσσω> plaster over -- [Pokorny pelə-, plā- :: plane, flat, wide, broad]   -- <καταπλαστύς> plaster -- [Pokorny pelə-, plā- :: plane, flat, wide, broad]   -- <κατασώχω> rub in pieces -- <κάτω> downward -- <κέδρος> cedar -- [Pokorny ked- :: to smoke]   -- <κοινός> common -- [Pokorny kom :: at, by, cum, with, alongside]   -- <κολωνός> heap -- [Pokorny 1. kel-, kelə- :: to project, tower up; hill]   -- <κομίζω> provide for -- <κοσμήτωρ> commander -- <κόσμιος> orderly -- <κόσμιος> decorum, order -- <κόσμος> beauty, order, world -- <κρατερόφρων> stout-hearted, dauntless -- [Pokorny ghren- :: diaphragm; mind, soul]   -- <κρατέω> hold fast, take to heart; rule, conquer -- [Pokorny 3. kar-, reduplicated karkar- :: hard]   -- <κραυγή> shout -- [Pokorny 1. ker-, kor-, kr- :: (onomatopoeic: hoarse sound)]   -- <Κρήτη> Crete -- <Κρονίδης> son of Kronos -- <Κρόνος> Cronos -- <κυπαρίσσος> cypress -- <κύων> dog -- [Pokorny k̑u̯on-, k̑un- :: hound, dog]   -- <κώ> yet -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <Λακεδαιμόνιος> Lacedemonian, Spartan -- <λαμβάνω> receive, capture -- [Pokorny (s)lā̆g- :: to grab, latch, seize]   -- <λαμπρός> shiny -- [Pokorny lā[i]p-, ləip-, ləp- :: to burn, shine]   -- <λαός> people -- <λέγω> say -- [Pokorny leg̑- :: to gather, collect]   -- <λέξις> style -- [Pokorny leg̑- :: to gather, collect]   -- <λευκο-γραφέω> paint in white on a black background -- [Pokorny gerebh- :: to carve, scratch; write]   -- <λευκός> white -- [Pokorny leuk- :: to light, shine; see]   -- <λήθη> forgetting -- [Pokorny 2. lā- :: to be hidden, covered, latent]   -- <Λητώ> Leto -- <λίβανος> frankincense, frankincense tree -- <λίθος> stone -- <λιλαίομαι> desire -- [Pokorny las- :: greedy, covetous]   -- <λίνεος> of linen -- [Pokorny lī̆-no- :: flax, linen]   -- <λίνον> linen -- [Pokorny lī̆-no- :: flax, linen]   -- <λίσσομαι> pray -- [Pokorny 3. lei- :: slimy; to slip, glide]   -- <λόγος> word, reason -- [Pokorny leg̑- :: to gather, collect]   -- <λούομαι> wash oneself -- [Pokorny lou-, lou̯ə- :: to lave, wash]   -- <λουτρόν> bathing -- [Pokorny lou-, lou̯ə- :: to lave, wash]   -- <λοχαγός> captain -- <Λύκιος> Lycius -- [Pokorny u̯l̥kos :: wolf, lobo]   -- <λύω> loosen, free -- [Pokorny 2. leu- :: to free, cut off, separate]   -- <μάλα> very -- [Pokorny 4. mel- :: big, strong]   -- <μᾶλλον> more and more -- [Pokorny 4. mel- :: big, strong]   -- <μάχομαι> fight, quarrel -- [Pokorny mag̑h- :: to fight, struggle]   -- <μεγάθης> height -- [Pokorny meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)- :: big, much, great, major, mega-]   -- <μεγάλος> great -- [Pokorny meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)- :: big, much, great, major, mega-]   -- <μεγάλως> greatly -- [Pokorny meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)- :: big, much, great, major, mega-]   -- <μέγας> great -- [Pokorny meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)- :: big, much, great, major, mega-]   -- <μέγεθος> size -- [Pokorny meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)- :: big, much, great, major, mega-]   -- <μέλαν> black -- [Pokorny 6. mel-, melə- :: dark color (black, dirty, etc.)]   -- <μελετάω> care for, practice -- [Pokorny 3. mel- :: to hesitate]   -- <μελία> the ash tree -- [Pokorny 2. smel- :: gray]   -- <μέλω> to care, to be an object of care -- [Pokorny 3. mel- :: to hesitate]   -- <μέν> on the one hand -- [Pokorny sme, smā̆ :: really, truly (emphatic particle)]   -- <μεναίνω> rage -- <μέντοι> but, however -- <μέριμνα> care, anxious thought -- [Pokorny (s)mer- :: to mourn, remember, think of, care for]   -- <μέροψ> endowed with speech -- <μετά> after, with -- [Pokorny 2. me- :: by, with, amidst, around]   -- <μετόπισθε> afterwards -- [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   -- <μέχρι> until -- [Pokorny 2. me- :: by, with, amidst, around]   -- <μή> not -- [Pokorny 1. mē- :: (prohibitive particle: lest, that not)]   -- <μηδέ> and not -- [Pokorny 1. mē- :: (prohibitive particle: lest, that not)]   -- <Μηδεία> Medea -- <μήν> verily -- [Pokorny sme, smā̆ :: really, truly (emphatic particle)]   -- <μῆνις> anger -- [Pokorny 2. mā- :: timely, opportune]   -- <μήτε> and not, neither -- [Pokorny 1. mē- :: (prohibitive particle: lest, that not)]   -- <μηχανή> instrument -- [Pokorny magh- : māgh- :: to help, be able; might, power]   -- <μίγνυμι> mix -- [Pokorny mei-k̑-, and mei-g̑-? :: to mix, mash, stir]   -- <μιμέομαι> imitate -- <μίμησις> representation -- <μιν> it -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <Μίνος> Minos -- <μόνον> alone -- [Pokorny 4. men- :: to diminish; small]   -- <μοῦνος> alone -- [Pokorny 4. men- :: to diminish; small]   -- <Μοῦσα> Muse -- [Pokorny 5. mē-, mō-, mə- :: to be intent; of strong will]   -- <μῦθος> speech, plot -- [Pokorny mēudh-, məudh-, mūdh- :: to complain, care about, be intent]   -- <μυρίος> countless -- [Pokorny 1. meu-, meu̯ə- : mū̆- :: wet, damp; to wash; dirt, mud, mire]   -- <ναός> temple -- [Pokorny nes- :: to unite; be concealed]   -- <ναῦς> ship -- [Pokorny 1. nāus- :: boat, ship]   -- <νέομαι> return -- [Pokorny nes- :: to unite; be concealed]   -- <νήπιος> childish, foolish -- [Pokorny 2. peu- :: to repute, explore, understand]   -- <Νίκη> Victory -- [Pokorny nēik- : nīk- : nik- :: to rail, fight, assault]   -- <νόημα> thought, understanding -- <νόος> mind -- <νόστιμος> returning -- [Pokorny nes- :: to unite; be concealed]   -- <νόστος> return -- [Pokorny nes- :: to unite; be concealed]   -- <νόσφι> apart, afar, except -- <νούσος> sickness -- <νύκτωρ> by night -- [Pokorny nek-(t-), nok-t-s :: night]   -- <νύμφη> nymph -- [Pokorny sneubh- :: to woo, marry]   -- <νῦν> now -- [Pokorny nū̆- :: now]   -- <Ξενοφῶν> Xenophon -- [Pokorny ghosti-s :: guest, stranger]   -- <ξύλον> wood -- <ξύμπας> all together -- <ξυνίημι> bring together, understand -- <ὁ> the -- [Pokorny so(s), sā :: (nom. sg. demonstrative stem: he, she)]   -- <ὄβριμος> strong -- [Pokorny 1. ē̆, ō̆ :: (particle: he, this, etc.)]   -- <ὅδε> this -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <Ὀδυσεύς> Odysseus -- <οἰζύς> misery, suffering -- <οἴκαδε> home -- [Pokorny u̯eik̑-, u̯ik̑-, u̯oik̑o- :: house, village, settlement]   -- <οἰκηιεύω> claim -- <οἴκοι> at home -- [Pokorny u̯eik̑-, u̯ik̑-, u̯oik̑o- :: house, village, settlement]   -- <οἶκόνδε> to his home -- [Pokorny u̯eik̑-, u̯ik̑-, u̯oik̑o- :: house, village, settlement]   -- <οἶμαι> think -- [Pokorny 1. eis- :: to move rapidly/violently]   -- <οἴομαι> think, imagine -- [Pokorny 1. eis- :: to move rapidly/violently]   -- <οἶον> so to say -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <οἷος> like, such that -- <οἶος> alone -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <οἰωνός> large bird, bird of prey -- [Pokorny ō(u̯)i̯-om :: egg, ovum]   -- <ὄλεθρος> destruction -- [Pokorny 5. el-, ol- :: to destroy]   -- <ὀλέκω> kill -- [Pokorny 5. el-, ol- :: to destroy]   -- <ὄλλυμαι> perish -- [Pokorny 5. el-, ol- :: to destroy]   -- <ὀλόω> to destroy -- [Pokorny 5. el-, ol- :: to destroy]   -- <Ὀλύμπιος> Olympian -- <ὅλως> wholly -- [Pokorny solo-, sol(e)u̯o- :: whole, well-kept, salubrious]   -- <Ὅμερος> Homer -- [Pokorny 1. ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base arə-, rē-, and i-base (a)rī̆-, rēi- :: to fit, suit]   -- <ὁμιλέω> consort with, busy oneself with -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <ὁμιλία> being together -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <ὅμοιος> like, similar -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <ὁμοίως> similarly -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <ὄνομα> name -- [Pokorny en(o)mn̥-, (o)nomn̥, nōmn̥ :: name]   -- <ὀνομάζω> speak of by name -- [Pokorny en(o)mn̥-, (o)nomn̥, nōmn̥ :: name]   -- <ὀνομασία> language -- [Pokorny en(o)mn̥-, (o)nomn̥, nōmn̥ :: name]   -- <ὄπισθεν> behind -- [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   -- <ὀπισθοφύλαξ> rear-guard -- <ὀπίσω> back -- [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   -- <ὁπος> what sort of -- <ὁράω> see -- [Pokorny 8. u̯er- :: to notice, observe, attend, be aware]   -- <ὄρνυμι> stir up -- [Pokorny 3. er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion]   -- <ὄρος> mountain -- [Pokorny 1. ser- :: to flow, stream]   -- <ὀροφή> roof -- [Pokorny 2. rebh- :: to roof, thatch]   -- <ὅς> this, that, he, she, it -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ὅς> his -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ὅς> who, which -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ὅσος> as many -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <ὅσπερ> it -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <ὅστις> whoever, whatever -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <ὅτε> when -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ὅτι> because, that -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ὅτος> someone -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <οὐ> not -- <οὐδαμοῦ> nowhere -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <οὐδέ> not -- <οὐδείς, οὐδεμία, οὐδέν> no one, nothing -- <οὐδέν> in no way -- <οὐκ> not -- <οὖν> indeed -- <οὕνεκα> because -- <οὐρανός> heaven -- [Pokorny 2. u̯er- :: highland, raised place; high, top]   -- <οὔτε> neither, nor -- <οὗτος> this -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <οὔτω> thus -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <οὕτως> so, thus -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <παῖς> child -- [Pokorny pōu- : pəu- : pū̆- :: few, small, little; young (of animals)]   -- <παλαιός> old, ancient -- [Pokorny 2. kel- :: far away]   -- <παντάπασι> absolutely -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <πάντως> altogether -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <πάνυ> at all -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <παρά> from, of -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <παραβοηθέω> come up to help -- [Pokorny 1. dheu- :: to flow, run]   -- <παράπαν> absolutely -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <παραπλήσιος> such-like -- [Pokorny 2a. pel-, pelə- : plā- :: to drive, propel, set in motion]   -- <παραχέω> pour in -- [Pokorny 1. g̑heu- :: to gush, pour, found]   -- <παρεγγυάω> pass along -- [Pokorny gou̯ə-, or gau̯ə-? : gū- :: hand; to grab]   -- <παρέχω> provide -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <πάρος> until -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πᾶς> all, every -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <πάσχω> suffer -- [Pokorny kenth- :: to suffer, endure]   -- <πατήρ> father -- [Pokorny pətḗ(r), genitive pətr-és :: father]   -- <παύω> stop, cease -- [Pokorny paus- :: to free, let loose]   -- <παχύς> thick -- [Pokorny bheng̑h-, bhn̥g̑h-, adj. bhn̥g̑hú-s :: fat, thick, dense]   -- <παχύτης> thickness -- [Pokorny bheng̑h-, bhn̥g̑h-, adj. bhn̥g̑hú-s :: fat, thick, dense]   -- <Πελασγικός> Pelasgian -- [Pokorny 1. plā-k- : plə-k-, ple-k- : plō̆-k-, plei-k-, and pelə-g- : plā-g- : plə-g- :: flat, wide, broad; spread out]   -- <πέμπτος> fifth -- [Pokorny penke :: five, fifth]   -- <πέμπω> send -- <πέρ> although -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <περ> indeed -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πέρθω> destroy, sack -- [Pokorny bheredh-, bhṛdho- :: to cut; board]   -- <περί> around -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <περιβάλλω> throw around -- [Pokorny 2. gel-, gelə-, glē- :: to flow, drip down; throw]   -- <περιπέλομαι> revolve -- [Pokorny 1. kel-, kelə- :: to turn; wheel; neck?]   -- <Πέρσης> Persian -- <Πηληιάδης> son of Peleus -- <πῖλος> mat -- [Pokorny pi-lo- :: hair, pile, pilus]   -- <πλάζω> wander, toss -- <πλάττω> mould, shape -- [Pokorny pelə-, plā- :: plane, flat, wide, broad]   -- <πλεῖστος> most -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πλέω> sail -- [Pokorny pleu- :: to flee, fly, run; flow, swim]   -- <πλήν> except -- [Pokorny 2a. pel-, pelə- : plā- :: to drive, propel, set in motion]   -- <ποιέω> make, do -- [Pokorny 2. kei- :: to stow, gather, pile up]   -- <πολεμέω> fight, be at war -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πολέμιος> enemy -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πολέμιος> hostile, inimical -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πόλεμος> war -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πόλις> city -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πολιτική> politics -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πολιτικῶς> like statesmen -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πολύς> many -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πολύτροπος> much-turned, much-traveled -- [Pokorny 1. trep- :: to trip, tread, trample]   -- <πόνος> grief -- [Pokorny 1. (s)pen(-d)- :: to pull, spin]   -- <πόντος> sea -- [Pokorny pent- :: to go, walk, pad, tread; way, path]   -- <Ποσειδάων> Poseidon -- <πόσις> husband -- [Pokorny poti-s :: host, husband, lord, master, owner]   -- <ποτέ> at some time, ever -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <πότνια> revered, queenly -- [Pokorny poti-s :: host, husband, lord, master, owner]   -- <που> anywhere, perhaps -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <πουλυβότειρα> all nourishing, fruitful -- [Pokorny gou- :: cow, ox, gaur]   -- <πραγματεία> hard work, affairs -- <πράξις> action in actual life -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πράσσω> achieve, manage -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πράττω> achieve, manage -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <Πρίαμος> Priam -- <πρό> before -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <προαίρεσις> choice -- [Pokorny 1. ser- :: to flow, stream]   -- <προαιρέω> choose -- [Pokorny 1. ser- :: to flow, stream]   -- <προείχω> to be superior, excel -- <προιάπτω> send forth -- <προ-λέγω> say beforehand -- [Pokorny leg̑- :: to gather, collect]   -- <προπύλαια> gateway -- <πρός> to -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πρόσωπον> face -- [Pokorny ok- :: to see, ogle; eye]   -- <πρότερον> earlier, before -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πρότερος> first, before -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <προφέρω> bring forth -- [Pokorny 1. bher- :: to bear, bring, carry]   -- <πρώτιστα> first of all -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πρῶτον> first -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πρῶτος> first -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πτολίεθρον> city -- <πῦρ> fire -- [Pokorny peu̯ōr, pū̆r, genitive pu-n-és, locative puu̯éni :: fire]   -- <πυρίη> vapor bath -- [Pokorny peu̯ōr, pū̆r, genitive pu-n-és, locative puu̯éni :: fire]   -- <πω> yet -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <ῥητορική> rhetoric -- [Pokorny 6. u̯er- :: to speak, talk formally]   -- <ῥητορικῶς> like rhetoricians -- [Pokorny 6. u̯er- :: to speak, talk formally]   -- <ῥίπτω> throw down -- [Pokorny 3i. u̯er-, u̯r-ei- :: to clench the teeth; wroth, confused]   -- <ῥύομαι> save -- [Pokorny 5. u̯er- :: to shut, close, cover; guard, warn, save]   -- <σαφῶς> truly -- <σιδήρεος> of iron -- <σῖτος> corn, bread -- <σκήπτρον> sceptre -- [Pokorny 2. (s)kē̆p-, (s)kō̆p-, and (s)kā̆p-, (s)kē̆b(h)-, skob(h)-, and skā̆b(h)- :: to cut, shave, split with sharp tool]   -- <Σκύθης> Scythian -- <σπείρω> sow -- [Pokorny 2. (s)p(h)er-, sprei-, spreu- :: to sow, strew, spread, scatter, sprinkle]   -- <σπέος> cave, grotto -- <σπέρμα> seed -- [Pokorny 2. (s)p(h)er-, sprei-, spreu- :: to sow, strew, spread, scatter, sprinkle]   -- <στ́εμμα> wreath, garland -- <στόλος> army -- [Pokorny 3. stel- :: to put, place]   -- <στονόεις> sad, wretched -- [Pokorny 1. (s)ten- :: to drone, groan, thunder, etc.]   -- <στρατεία> expedition -- [Pokorny 5. ster-, sterə- : strē-, steru- : streu- :: to strew, scatter, spread out]   -- <στρατεύω> take the field, attack -- [Pokorny 5. ster-, sterə- : strē-, steru- : streu- :: to strew, scatter, spread out]   -- <στρατηγός> general -- [Pokorny 5. ster-, sterə- : strē-, steru- : streu- :: to strew, scatter, spread out]   -- <στρατιώτης> soldier -- [Pokorny 5. ster-, sterə- : strē-, steru- : streu- :: to strew, scatter, spread out]   -- <στρατός> army -- [Pokorny 5. ster-, sterə- : strē-, steru- : streu- :: to strew, scatter, spread out]   -- <σύ> you -- [Pokorny tū̆ :: thou, you]   -- <συναγείρω> assemble -- [Pokorny 1. ger-, gere- :: to cram, collect, put together]   -- <συνέρχομαι> unite, come together -- [Pokorny 3. er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion]   -- <συνίημι> bring together -- [Pokorny i̯ē- : i̯ə- :: to do, throw, project]   -- <σύνοπτος> visible -- [Pokorny ok- :: to see, ogle; eye]   -- <σφεῖς> they -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <σφέτερος> own -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <σφωε> those two -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <σχολή> leisure -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <σῶμα> body -- [Pokorny tēu-, təu-, teu̯ə-, tu̯ō-, tū̆- :: to swell, intumesce]   -- <σωφροσύνη> moderation, discretion -- [Pokorny tēu-, təu-, teu̯ə-, tu̯ō-, tū̆- :: to swell, intumesce]   -- <τάσσω> arrange, put in order -- [Pokorny tāg- :: to tidy up]   -- <ταῦρος> bull -- [Pokorny tēu-, təu-, teu̯ə-, tu̯ō-, tū̆- :: to swell, intumesce]   -- <τάχα> presently, soon -- <τε> and -- [Pokorny 1. ke :: (enclitic) and]   -- <τεῖχος> wall -- [Pokorny dheig̑h- :: to build, knead clay]   -- <τεκμηριόω> prove positively -- <τελείω> fulfill, complete -- [Pokorny 1. kel-, kelə- :: to turn; wheel; neck?]   -- <τελευτέω> finish, die -- [Pokorny 1. kel-, kelə- :: to turn; wheel; neck?]   -- <τέταρτος> fourth -- [Pokorny ketu̯er-, ketu̯ō̆r-, ketur- (masc.), ketes(o)r- (fem.) :: four, fourth]   -- <τεύχω> make ready, make -- [Pokorny dheugh- :: to milk, press, touch]   -- <τι> in any way -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <τίθημι> put, place -- [Pokorny 2. dhē- :: to do, put, place, set]   -- <τίς> who, what -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <τις> someone, something -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <τό> the -- [Pokorny 1. to-, tā-, ti̯o- :: that, him (neut. or non-nom. demonstrative stem)]   -- <τοιοῦτος> such -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <τόλμα> courage, venture -- [Pokorny 1. tel-, telə-, tlē(i)-, tlā- :: to bear, carry; weigh, lift up]   -- <τοσοῦτος> such -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <τραγῳδία> tragedy -- [Pokorny 3. ter-, terə-, and teri-, trēi-, trī-, also teru- : treu- :: to bore, drill, rub, thresh]   -- <τρηχύς> rough -- [Pokorny 1. dher-, dherə- :: dirt, dreg, some type of deposit]   -- <τρίβω> skilled, experienced -- [Pokorny 3. ter-, terə-, and teri-, trēi-, trī-, also teru- : treu- :: to bore, drill, rub, thresh]   -- <τρίτος> third -- [Pokorny trei- :: three, trio]   -- <Τροίη> Troy -- <Τρωικός> Trojan -- <ὕβρις> violence -- [Pokorny 2. ger-, gerə-, gerəu-, gerī- :: grave, heavy]   -- <ὕδωρ> water -- [Pokorny 9. au̯(e)-, au̯ed-, au̯er- :: to wet, flow, sprinkle; water, river, etc.]   -- <υἱός> son -- [Pokorny 2. seu-, seu̯ə-, sū̆- :: to bear (a child); son]   -- <Ὑπερίων> Hyperion -- <ὑπερφέρω> surpass -- [Pokorny 1. bher- :: to bear, bring, carry]   -- <ὑπό> under, by -- [Pokorny upo, up, eup, (e)up-s- :: under, (from) below, etc.]   -- <ὑποδύω> go under -- [Pokorny 1. deu- :: to sink in, plunge into]   -- <ὑποζύγιον> pack animal -- [Pokorny 2. i̯eu-, i̯eu̯ə-, i̯eu-g- :: to yoke, join, tie together]   -- <ὕστερον> later -- [Pokorny ū̆d- :: out, away, up(wards)]   -- <φαίνω> seem -- [Pokorny 1. bhā-, bhō-, bhə- :: to shine, glisten]   -- <φάρμακον> paint, color -- [Pokorny 3. bher- :: to bore, cut, scrape, use sharp tool]   -- <φέρω> bear, bring, carry -- [Pokorny 1. bher- :: to bear, bring, carry]   -- <φεύγω> escape, flee -- [Pokorny 1. bheug- :: to flee, escape, seek refuge]   -- <φημί> say -- [Pokorny 2. bhā- :: to speak]   -- <φθείρω> perish -- [Pokorny ghðei(ə)- :: to destroy, perish]   -- <Φθιῶτις> Phthiotis -- <φθόνος> envy, ill-will -- [Pokorny gedh- :: to hit, push; harm, injure]   -- <φίλος> dear one, friend -- [Pokorny bhili-, bhilo- :: good, friendly, harmonious]   -- <φίλος> dear, friendly -- [Pokorny bhili-, bhilo- :: good, friendly, harmonious]   -- <φιλόσοφος> wise man -- <φύη> stature -- [Pokorny bheu-, bheu̯ə-, bhu̯ā-, bhu̯ē- : bhō̆u- : bhū- :: to be, exist; grow, prosper]   -- <φύω> grow -- [Pokorny bheu-, bheu̯ə-, bhu̯ā-, bhu̯ē- : bhō̆u- : bhū- :: to be, exist; grow, prosper]   -- <χαλεπός> difficult -- <χάλκειος> of bronze -- [Pokorny ghel(ē̆)g̑h- :: (type of metal)]   -- <χείρ> hand -- [Pokorny g̑hesor-, g̑hesr- :: hand]   -- <χθών> earth -- [Pokorny g̑hðem-, g̑hðom-, genitive-ablative g̑h(ð)m-és :: earth, ground, soil, humus]   -- <χολόω> anger -- [Pokorny 1. g̑hel-, and ghel-?, also as i-, u-, or n-stem; g̑helə-, g̑hlē-, g̑hlō-, g̑hlə- :: to shine, glare, glow; gold, yellow, bright color]   -- <χράομαι> need, use -- [Pokorny 6. g̑her-, g̑herə- : g̑hrē-? :: short, small]   -- <χρόνος> time -- <χρύσεος> golden -- <Χρύσης> Chryses -- <χύδην> at random, promiscuously -- [Pokorny 1. g̑heu- :: to gush, pour, found]   -- <χώρα> land, country -- [Pokorny 1. g̑hē-, g̑hēi- :: to lack, be empty; leave, go out]   -- <χωρίζω> separate -- [Pokorny 1. g̑hē-, g̑hēi- :: to lack, be empty; leave, go out]   -- <ψυχή> soul -- [Pokorny 2. bhes- :: to blow, breathe]   -- <ῶ> Oh -- [Pokorny 2. ō :: O (vocative particle)]   -- <ὠμοβόειος> of raw, untanned oxhide -- [Pokorny om- :: raw, coarse, bitter]   -- <ὦν> indeed -- <ὠρύομαι> howl -- [Pokorny 1. reu-, rēu-, rū̆- :: (onomatopoeic: to roar, rout, round, etc.)]   -- <ὡς> as, thus -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ὡς> so, thus -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ὥσπερ> as -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <ὥστε> like, so that -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ὠφελία> aid -- [Pokorny obhel- :: to sweep; multiply]   --

  • Linguistics Research Center

    University of Texas at Austin
    PCL 5.556
    Mailcode S5490
    Austin, Texas 78712
    512-471-4566

  • For comments and inquiries, or to report issues, please contact the Web Master at UTLRC@utexas.edu