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Greek: Base Form Dictionary

This Base Form Dictionary index lists, in an alphabetical order suitable to the language and the script employed for it, every unique base form underlying one or more surface (word) forms in lesson texts. For each base form a general meaning (if any) is shown, along with links to every usage, in every numbered lesson, of the associated surface forms. With this index, one may click on any link to perform a quick "usage look-up," and thereby study how surface forms in texts are constructed from base forms.

A new, experimental feature is being introduced to these EIEOL lessons, namely the addition of pointers to Proto-Indo-European roots identified by Julius Pokorny in his monumental work, Indogermanisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (2 vols. Bern: Franke, 1959-1969; reprinted in 1989). Because Pokorny is becoming increasingly outdated, we may revise these links in the future; however, for the time being, this information might prove interesting to those who are curious about Indo-European etymology. Notice of potential error is always welcome.

<ἄγαθος> good -- <ἄγαμαι> to wonder, admire -- [Pokorny meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)- :: big, much, great, major, mega-]   -- <ἄγγελος> messenger -- <ἄκρον> mountain-top, peak -- [Pokorny 2. ak̑-, ok̑- :: sharp, acute, angular; stone]   -- <ἄλγος> woe -- <ἄλλος> other -- [Pokorny 1. al-, ol- :: beyond; other, alien]   -- <ἄλλως> otherwise, especially -- [Pokorny 1. al-, ol- :: beyond; other, alien]   -- <ἄν> if -- [Pokorny 2. an- :: there, other side]   -- <ἄναξ> ruler -- <ἄνθρωπος> human being -- [Pokorny 1. ner(-t)-, aner-, əner-? :: vital force; man]   -- <ἄποινα> ransom -- <Ἄπτερος> Wingless -- <Ἄρης> Ares -- [Pokorny 2. ere-s-, ers-, r̥s-, eres-, and rē̆s-, rō̆s- :: to flow]   -- <ἄρνυμαι> win -- [Pokorny 2. ar-, or er- :: to share, distribute]   -- <ἄρχω> begin -- <ἄστυ> city -- [Pokorny 1. u̯es- :: to live, stay overnight]   -- <ἄτερ> without -- [Pokorny ati, ato- :: over, beyond]   -- <ἆρα> then -- [Pokorny 4. ar, er, or?, r̥ :: now, therefore; (interrogative particle)]   -- <ἀδάμας> steel -- <ἀδικέω> wrong -- [Pokorny deik̑- :: to teach, show]   -- <ἀδύνατος> impossible -- [Pokorny 2. deu-, or dou- : du- :: to worship, venerate; mighty]   -- <ἀέθλος> battle, woe -- [Pokorny 11. au̯ē-, (u̯e-d(h)-?) :: to strain, take pains]   -- <ἀεί> always -- [Pokorny aiu̯-, ai̯u- :: vitality, life force]   -- <ἀείδω> sing, chant -- [Pokorny 6. au̯-, au̯ed- :: to speak]   -- <ἀθάνατος> immortal -- [Pokorny 4. dheu-, dheu̯ə-, presumably dhu̯ē-, compare suffixes dhu̯ē-k-, dhu̯ē̆-s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <ἀκήδης> without sorrow -- [Pokorny k̑ād- : k̑ədes- : k̑əd-s- :: hate, displeasure, uneasiness]   -- <ἀκλεός> without fame -- [Pokorny 1. k̑leu-, k̑leu̯ə- : k̑lū- :: to hear, listen]   -- <ἀκούω> hear, listen -- <ἀκρόπολις> Acropolis -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <Ἀλέξανδρος> Alexandros -- <ἀληθῶς> really, truly -- [Pokorny 2. lā- :: to be hidden, covered, latent]   -- <ἀλλά> but -- <ἀλλήλων> one another -- [Pokorny 1. al-, ol- :: beyond; other, alien]   -- <ἀμειξία> lack of intercourse -- [Pokorny mei-k̑-, and mei-g̑-? :: to mix, mash, stir]   -- <ἀμφί> around, between -- [Pokorny ambhi, m̥bhi :: around, at both sides]   -- <ἀνά> on -- [Pokorny 4. an-, anu, anō, nō :: on, along, over there]   -- <ἀνάγκη> force, compulsion -- [Pokorny 1. ank- :: force; need, necessity]   -- <ἀνάγομαι> put out to sea -- <ἀναβαίνω> mount, go up -- [Pokorny gā-, gem- :: to come, go]   -- <ἀνακαλέω> designate -- [Pokorny 6. kel-, k(e)lē-, k(e)lā-, or kl̥̄-? :: to call, cry]   -- <ἀναλαμβάνω> take along -- [Pokorny (s)lā̆g- :: to grab, latch, seize]   -- <ἀνήρ> man -- [Pokorny 1. ner(-t)-, aner-, əner-? :: vital force; man]   -- <ἀντί> instead of -- [Pokorny ant-s :: brow, front, anterior]   -- <ἀντίθεος> godlike -- [Pokorny dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <ἀντίπαλος> contrast -- <ἀπαιρέω> take off -- [Pokorny 1. ser- :: to flow, stream]   -- <ἀπαιτέω> request -- [Pokorny ai-ti-, ai-to-, oi-to- :: part, portion]   -- <ἀπείρων> boundless -- [Pokorny āpero- :: shore, bank (of river)]   -- <ἀπερείσιος> countless -- <ἀπό> from -- [Pokorny apo-, pō̆, ap-u, pu :: off, out of, away from]   -- <ἀπόδεξις> exposition, publication -- [Pokorny deik̑- :: to teach, show]   -- <Ἀπόλλων> Apollo -- [Pokorny apelo- :: strength]   -- <ἀπότομος> precipitous -- <ἀποδείκνυμι> propose -- [Pokorny deik̑- :: to teach, show]   -- <ἀποκρατέω> exceed -- <ἀποκρίνω> separate, answer -- [Pokorny 4. (s)ker-, (s)kerə-, (s)krē- :: to cut, shear, score, scribe]   -- <ἀποκτείνω> kill -- <Ἀργεῖος> Argive -- [Pokorny ar(e)-g̑-, arg̑-?, r̥g̑i- :: white, argent, glittering]   -- <ἀργύρεος> silver -- [Pokorny ar(e)-g̑-, arg̑-?, r̥g̑i- :: white, argent, glittering]   -- <ἀρετῆ> virtue -- [Pokorny 1. ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base arə-, rē-, and i-base (a)rī̆-, rēi- :: to fit, suit]   -- <ἀρητήρ> priest -- <Ἀριάδνη> Ariadne -- <ἀρχαιος> old -- <ἀρχή> beginning, first principle -- <ἀσθένεια> weakness -- <Ἀσία> Asia -- <ἀσπερχές> unceasingly -- [Pokorny sperg̑h-, spreg̑h-, nasalized spreng̑h- :: to rush, hurry, spring, jump]   -- <ἀτασθαλία> folly -- <ἀτιμάζω> dishonor -- [Pokorny 1. kei(-t)- :: to observe with respect, pay attention to]   -- <ἀτμίς> steam, vapor -- [Pokorny 10. au̯(e)-, au̯ē(i)-, u̯ē- :: to vent, blow]   -- <Ἀτρείδης> son of Atreus -- <ἀφαιρέω> take away -- [Pokorny 1. ser- :: to flow, stream]   -- <ἀφίημι> send forth, throw down, permit, forgive -- [Pokorny 3. u̯ei-, u̯eiə- : u̯ī- :: to wish, pursue, go for, reach towards; strong, violent]   -- <ἀφικνέομαι> come to, reach -- <ἀφομοιο̃ω> to make like -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <Ἀχαιός> Achaean -- <Ἀχιλλεύς> Achilles -- <ἅζομαι> stand in awe of -- [Pokorny i̯ag- :: to worship, venerate]   -- <ἅμα> at the same time -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <ἅπας> all -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <ἁθρόος> together -- [Pokorny 2. dher-, dherə- :: to hold, support]   -- <Ἁλικαρνησεύς> Halicarnassian -- <ἁμόθεν> from any point -- [Pokorny i̯ag- :: to worship, venerate]   -- <ἁρμόττω> fit together -- <ἁρπάζω> carry off -- [Pokorny 5. ser-, extended serp- :: sickle]   -- <ἁρπαγή> abduction -- [Pokorny 5. ser-, extended serp- :: sickle]   -- <Αδείμαντος> Adeimontus -- <αἴτιος> blameworthy -- [Pokorny ai-ti-, ai-to-, oi-to- :: part, portion]   -- <Αἰγεύς> Aegeus -- <αἰεί> always -- [Pokorny aiu̯-, ai̯u- :: vitality, life force]   -- <αἰπύς> deep -- <αἰτέω> request -- [Pokorny ai-ti-, ai-to-, oi-to- :: part, portion]   -- <αἰτία> cause, reason -- [Pokorny ai-ti-, ai-to-, oi-to- :: part, portion]   -- <Αἵδης> Hades -- [Pokorny 2. u̯(e)id- :: to vide, see, wit, know]   -- <αὔτις> again -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <αὖτε> then, again -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <αὐτάρ> but -- [Pokorny ati, ato- :: over, beyond]   -- <αὐτόματος> by itself -- [Pokorny 3. men- :: to think; mind, spiritual activity]   -- <αὐτός> oneself, he -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <βάρβαρος> foreign, not Greek -- [Pokorny baba- :: babble, babbling, unclear speech]   -- <βάρβαρος> foreigner, non-Greek -- [Pokorny baba- :: babble, babbling, unclear speech]   -- <βασιλεύς> king -- <βλέπω> see -- <βοάω> shout -- [Pokorny 1. b(e)u-, bh(e)u- :: (onomatopoeic: dull noise)]   -- <βοή> shout -- [Pokorny 1. b(e)u-, bh(e)u- :: (onomatopoeic: dull noise)]   -- <βούλομαι> wish, request -- [Pokorny 2. gel-, gelə-, glē- :: to flow, drip down; throw]   -- <βοῦς> cow, ox -- [Pokorny gou- :: cow, ox, gaur]   -- <βουλή> will -- [Pokorny 2. gel-, gelə-, glē- :: to flow, drip down; throw]   -- <γάρ> for -- [Pokorny 4. ar, er, or?, r̥ :: now, therefore; (interrogative particle)]   -- <γαῖα> land -- <γε> indeed -- [Pokorny ghe-, gho- :: (enclitic (emphatic?) particle)]   -- <γένος> race -- [Pokorny 1. g̑en-, g̑enə-, g̑nē-, g̑nō- :: to bear, produce, generate]   -- <γέρρον> ox-hide wicker shield -- [Pokorny g̑ers- :: to bend, turn]   -- <γενεή> family, generation, race -- [Pokorny 1. g̑en-, g̑enə-, g̑nē-, g̑nō- :: to bear, produce, generate]   -- <γίγνομαι> happen, become -- [Pokorny 1. g̑en-, g̑enə-, g̑nē-, g̑nō- :: to bear, produce, generate]   -- <γιγνώσκω> know, learn -- [Pokorny 2. g̑en-, g̑enə-, g̑nē-, g̑nō- :: to ken, know, recognize]   -- <γλαφυρός> hollow -- [Pokorny gelebh- :: to flay, scrape]   -- <γραφικῆ> painting -- [Pokorny gerebh- :: to carve, scratch; write]   -- <γυνή> woman -- [Pokorny gē̆nā :: wife, queen, woman]   -- <δακρύω> weep -- [Pokorny dak̑ru- :: tear (from the eye)]   -- <Δαναοί> Danaans -- [Pokorny dā- :: fluid; river; to flow]   -- <δασύς> hairy, shaggy -- [Pokorny 2. dens- :: dense]   -- <δέ> and, on the other hand -- [Pokorny de-, do- :: I-deictic; here]   -- <δέχομαι> receive -- [Pokorny 1. dek̑- :: to take]   -- <δεινός> terrible -- [Pokorny du̯ei- :: to fear]   -- <δεξιά> the right hand -- [Pokorny 1. dek̑- :: to take]   -- <δεύτερον> second -- [Pokorny 3. deu-, deu̯ə-, du̯ā-, dū- :: to pass, move forward]   -- <δεύτερος> second -- [Pokorny 3. deu-, deu̯ə-, du̯ā-, dū- :: to pass, move forward]   -- <Δευκαλίων> Deucalion -- [Pokorny deuk- :: to tug, pull, drag, tow]   -- <δή> indeed -- [Pokorny de-, do- :: I-deictic; here]   -- <δῆλος> clear, obvious -- [Pokorny 1. dei-, dei̯ə-, dī-, di̯ā- :: to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity]   -- <δηλόω> be clear, reveal -- [Pokorny 1. dei-, dei̯ə-, dī-, di̯ā- :: to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity]   -- <δημιουργός> craftsman -- [Pokorny 1. u̯erg̑-, u̯reg̑- :: to (en)close, shut off; pen]   -- <δημοσίᾳ> in public -- [Pokorny dā : də-, and dāi- : dəi-, dī̆- :: to share, divide]   -- <δημοτικός> of the people, in common use -- [Pokorny dā : də-, and dāi- : dəi-, dī̆- :: to share, divide]   -- <δίδωμι> give -- [Pokorny dō- : də-, also dō-u- : dəu- : du- :: to give, donate]   -- <δίκαιος> just, righteous -- [Pokorny deik̑- :: to teach, show]   -- <δίκη> custom, right -- [Pokorny deik̑- :: to teach, show]   -- <δῖος> godlike, noble -- [Pokorny 1. dei-, dei̯ə-, dī-, di̯ā- :: to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity]   -- <διά> through, by -- [Pokorny du̯ō(u) :: two, duo]   -- <διάνοια> thought, mind -- <διαβολή> false accusation, calumny -- <διαγιγνώσκω> discern, distinguish -- [Pokorny 2. g̑en-, g̑enə-, g̑nē-, g̑nō- :: to ken, know, recognize]   -- <διαφανής> transparent, red-hot -- [Pokorny 1. bhā-, bhō-, bhə- :: to shine, glisten]   -- <διαφθείρω> destroy, kill -- [Pokorny ghðei(ə)- :: to destroy, perish]   -- <δι-ίστημι> separate, strive -- [Pokorny stā- : stə- :: to stand]   -- <δικαιοσύνη> justice, righteousness -- [Pokorny deik̑- :: to teach, show]   -- <διόπερ> therefore, so -- [Pokorny du̯ō(u) :: two, duo]   -- <δοκέω> seem, think -- [Pokorny 1. dek̑- :: to take]   -- <δρόμος> run -- [Pokorny 3. der-, drā-, dreb-, drem-, dreu- :: to run, trip, tread, tramp]   -- <δύναμαι> be able -- [Pokorny 2. deu-, or dou- : du- :: to worship, venerate; mighty]   -- <δύναμις> power -- [Pokorny 2. deu-, or dou- : du- :: to worship, venerate; mighty]   -- <δύο> two -- [Pokorny du̯ō(u) :: two, duo]   -- <δυνατός> possible -- [Pokorny 2. deu-, or dou- : du- :: to worship, venerate; mighty]   -- <δυσμένεια> enmity, hate -- [Pokorny 3. men- :: to think; mind, spiritual activity]   -- <δῶμα> house, home -- [Pokorny dem-, demə- :: to build, timber; house, domicile]   -- <ἔθνος> nation, people, tribe -- <ἔμμετρος> metrical -- [Pokorny 3. mē-, m-e-t- :: to measure]   -- <ἔμπης> nevertheless -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <ἔμπροσθεν> before, in front -- <ἔνειμι> to be in, to be possible -- [Pokorny 1. en :: in]   -- <ἔνθα> then, there -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἔπειτα> thereupon -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἔπος> words, saying -- [Pokorny u̯ek- :: to voice, speak, evoke]   -- <ἔργον> work, deed -- [Pokorny 1. u̯erg̑-, u̯reg̑- :: to (en)close, shut off; pen]   -- <ἔρις> strife -- [Pokorny 3. er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion]   -- <ἔρχομαι> come, go -- [Pokorny 3. er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion]   -- <ἔσοδος> entrance -- [Pokorny sed- :: to sit, set, settle]   -- <ἔτι> still -- [Pokorny eti :: out, beyond, etc.]   -- <ἔτος> year -- [Pokorny u̯et- :: year]   -- <ἔχω> have -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <ἐγγύς> near -- [Pokorny gou̯ə-, or gau̯ə-? : gū- :: hand; to grab]   -- <ἐγώ> I -- [Pokorny eg̑-, eg̑(h)om, eg̑ō :: ego, I (pronoun)]   -- <ἐθέλω> wish, want -- [Pokorny ghel- :: to want, wish]   -- <ἐκ> from, out of -- [Pokorny eg̑hs, eg̑hz :: from, out of, ex-]   -- <ἐκδιδώμι> give up -- [Pokorny dō- : də-, also dō-u- : dəu- : du- :: to give, donate]   -- <ἐκεῖ> there -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἐκεῖνος> that -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἐκνικάω> prevail -- [Pokorny nēik- : nīk- : nik- :: to rail, fight, assault]   -- <ἐκπέρθω> destroy -- [Pokorny bheredh-, bhṛdho- :: to cut; board]   -- <ἐλαύνω> set in motion -- [Pokorny 6. el-, elə- : lā-, el-eu-(dh-) :: to go, move, drive]   -- <ἐλεαίρω> pity -- <ἐμβασιλεύω> be king in -- <ἐμπίπλημι> fill -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <ἐμφέρης> resembling -- <ἐν> in -- [Pokorny 1. en :: in]   -- <ἐναλείψω> paint, smear -- <ἐναλίγκιος> resembling, like -- <ἐνέδρα> ambush -- [Pokorny sed- :: to sit, set, settle]   -- <ἐνέπω> tell, tell of -- [Pokorny u̯ek- :: to voice, speak, evoke]   -- <ἐνιαυτός> year -- [Pokorny 2. en- :: year]   -- <ἐνοικέω> dwelling in -- [Pokorny u̯eik̑-, u̯ik̑-, u̯oik̑o- :: house, village, settlement]   -- <ἐνταῦθα> then, there -- [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   -- <ἐντεῦθεν> from there -- [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   -- <ἐξ> from, out of -- [Pokorny eg̑hs, eg̑hz :: from, out of, ex-]   -- <ἐξαπίνης> on a sudden -- [Pokorny eg̑hs, eg̑hz :: from, out of, ex-]   -- <ἐξίτηλος> fading, forgotten -- [Pokorny eg̑hs, eg̑hz :: from, out of, ex-]   -- <ἐός> his, her -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ἐπάγω> bring in, invite -- [Pokorny ag̑- :: to lead, drive, agitate]   -- <ἐπεάν> when, after -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἐπεί> when, after -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἐπειδή> after -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἐπί> on, about -- [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   -- <ἐπίειμι> come near -- [Pokorny 1. ei- :: to go, exit]   -- <ἐπίκλησις> name, title -- [Pokorny 6. kel-, k(e)lē-, k(e)lā-, or kl̥̄-? :: to call, cry]   -- <ἐπίσταμαι> know -- [Pokorny stā- : stə- :: to stand]   -- <ἐπιβάλλω> throw on -- [Pokorny 2. gel-, gelə-, glē- :: to flow, drip down; throw]   -- <ἐπικλώθω> spin; decide -- [Pokorny kolə- : klō- :: to spin]   -- <ἐπιτίθημι> attack -- [Pokorny 2. dhē- :: to do, put, place, set]   -- <ἐπωνυμία> name, designation -- [Pokorny en(o)mn̥-, (o)nomn̥, nōmn̥ :: name]   -- <ἐργάζομαι> work, make -- [Pokorny 2. u̯erg̑-, u̯reg̑- :: to do, work, be effective]   -- <ἐρίζω> quarrel -- [Pokorny 3. er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion]   -- <ἐρύκω> hold back -- [Pokorny 5. u̯er- :: to shut, close, cover; guard, warn, save]   -- <ἐς> towards -- [Pokorny 1. en :: in]   -- <ἐσθίω> eat -- [Pokorny ed- :: to eat]   -- <ἐσθλόν> good -- [Pokorny es- :: is, to be]   -- <ἐχυρός> strong, secure -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <ἕκαστος> each, every -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <Ἕλλην> Greek -- <Ἕλληνος> Hellenos -- <ἕπομαι> follow -- [Pokorny 1. sek- :: to segue, follow]   -- <ἕταιρος> comrade -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ἕταρος> comrade -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ἕτερος> other -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <ἑαυτός> himself -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <ἑκηβόλος> far-shooting -- [Pokorny u̯ek̑- :: to want, wish]   -- <Ἑλένη> Helen -- <Ἑλλάς> Greece -- <Ἑλληνικός> Greek -- <ἑλώριον> spoils, booty -- [Pokorny 3. sel- :: to grab, seize, take]   -- <ἑρμηνεία> interpretation -- <εἰ> if -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <εἴδω> see, know -- [Pokorny 2. u̯(e)id- :: to vide, see, wit, know]   -- <εἴκοσι> twenty -- [Pokorny u̯ī-k̑m̥t-ī :: twenty]   -- <εἴρω> speak, say -- [Pokorny 6. u̯er- :: to speak, talk formally]   -- <εἴτε> whether...or -- <εἴχω> have, be -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <εἶδον> saw -- [Pokorny 2. u̯(e)id- :: to vide, see, wit, know]   -- <εἶμι> go -- [Pokorny 1. ei- :: to go, exit]   -- <εἰκών> image, portrait -- [Pokorny 3. u̯eik- :: to happen, become equal, come together]   -- <εἰμί> I am -- [Pokorny es- :: is, to be]   -- <εἰς> towards -- [Pokorny 1. en :: in]   -- <εἵνεκεν> because of -- [Pokorny u̯ək- : *u̯āk- :: bent]   -- <εἷμα> clothing -- [Pokorny 5. u̯es- :: to dress, clothe, wear]   -- <εἷς> one -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <εὔ> well -- [Pokorny esu-s : su- :: good, able]   -- <εὐκνῆμις> well-greaved -- [Pokorny konəmo-, knāmo-, or kenəmo- :: shinbone]   -- <εὐπρέπεια> appearance, beauty -- [Pokorny prep- :: to catch sight of]   -- <Εὐρώπη> Europe -- <εὐφραίνω> delight, please -- [Pokorny ghren- :: diaphragm; mind, soul]   -- <εὐωδίη> fragrant scent -- <Ζεύς> Zeus -- [Pokorny 1. dei-, dei̯ə-, dī-, di̯ā- :: to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity]   -- <ζώω> live -- [Pokorny 3. gei̯-, and gei̯ə- :: to live, survive]   -- <ζωγρέω> capture alive -- <ἤ> or, than -- [Pokorny 2. ē, ō :: oh (vocative interjection)]   -- <ἤδη> already -- [Pokorny 2. ē, ō :: oh (vocative interjection)]   -- <ἤν> if -- [Pokorny 2. an- :: there, other side]   -- <ἦθος> custom, character -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ἠδέ> and, also -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <Ἠέλιος> Helios -- [Pokorny sā́u̯el-, sāu̯ol-, suu̯él-, su̯el-, sūl- :: Sol, sun]   -- <ἥκιστα> least -- [Pokorny 3. sēk- :: to abate; lazy, quiet]   -- <ἥρως> hero -- [Pokorny 2. ser- :: to serve, guard, protect, shelter]   -- <ἧ> verily -- <ἧμαρ> day -- [Pokorny āmer-, āmōr, āmr̥ :: day]   -- <ἡγέομαι> lead, regard, rule -- [Pokorny sāg- :: to seek, track, trail]   -- <Ἡερόδοτος> Herodotus -- <ἡμέρα> day -- [Pokorny āmer-, āmōr, āmr̥ :: day]   -- <ἡμίθεος> demi-god -- [Pokorny dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θάλασσα> sea -- <θάλαττα> sea -- <θέω> run -- <θεά> goddess -- [Pokorny dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θεάομαι> see -- <θεῖος> divine, godlike -- [Pokorny dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θεῖος> deity, divinity -- [Pokorny dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θεός> god -- [Pokorny dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <Θήχης> Theches -- <Θησεύς> Theseus -- <θνήσκω> die -- [Pokorny 4. dheu-, dheu̯ə-, presumably dhu̯ē-, compare suffixes dhu̯ē-k-, dhu̯ē̆-s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θοός> fast -- [Pokorny 1. dheu- :: to flow, run]   -- <Θρῆ́ιξ> Thracian -- <θυγάτηρ> daughter -- [Pokorny dhug(h)əter- :: daughter]   -- <θυμιάω> burn with smoke -- [Pokorny 4. dheu-, dheu̯ə-, presumably dhu̯ē-, compare suffixes dhu̯ē-k-, dhu̯ē̆-s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θυμός> soul, heart -- [Pokorny 4. dheu-, dheu̯ə-, presumably dhu̯ē-, compare suffixes dhu̯ē-k-, dhu̯ē̆-s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θωμαστός> wonderful -- [Pokorny dhei̯ə- : dhi̯ā- : dhī- :: to look, see, show]   -- <ἴσχω> stay -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <ἴφθιμος> valiant -- <ἰδίᾳ> privately -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <Ἰθάκη> Ithaca -- <ἰσχύω> be strong -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <ἵεμαι> desire -- [Pokorny 3. u̯ei-, u̯eiə- : u̯ī- :: to wish, pursue, go for, reach towards; strong, violent]   -- <ἵππος> horse -- [Pokorny ek̑u̯o-s :: horse]   -- <ἱερός> sacred -- [Pokorny 1. eis- :: to move rapidly/violently]   -- <ἱκνέομαι> reach -- [Pokorny sē̆ik-, sī̆k- :: to grip, reach for]   -- <ἱππεύς> horseman -- [Pokorny ek̑u̯o-s :: horse]   -- <ἱστίον> sail -- <ἱστορία> inquiry, history -- [Pokorny 2. u̯(e)id- :: to vide, see, wit, know]   -- <κάματος> toil, labor -- [Pokorny 4. k̑em(ə)- :: to be/make tired]   -- <κάνναβις> hemp -- <κάρτα> very much, extremely -- [Pokorny 3. kar-, reduplicated karkar- :: hard]   -- <κάτω> downward -- <καθαιρέω> take down, destroy -- [Pokorny 1. ser- :: to flow, stream]   -- <καθαρός> clean, pure -- <καί> and -- [Pokorny 2. kai :: and]   -- <καίω> burn -- [Pokorny 2. k̑ēu- : k̑əu-, k̑ū- :: to burn, light (a fire)]   -- <κακός> evil, poor -- [Pokorny kakka- :: to cack, defecate (nursery word)]   -- <καλέω> call, summon -- [Pokorny 6. kel-, k(e)lē-, k(e)lā-, or kl̥̄-? :: to call, cry]   -- <καλός> good, beautiful -- [Pokorny 2. kal-, kali-, kalu- :: handsome, beautiful; healthy]   -- <καλύπτω> cover -- [Pokorny 4. k̑el- :: to hide, conceal]   -- <Καλυψώ> Calypso -- [Pokorny 4. k̑el- :: to hide, conceal]   -- <κατά> completely, down, under -- [Pokorny kom :: at, by, cum, with, alongside]   -- <καταπλάσσω> plaster over -- [Pokorny pelə-, plā- :: plane, flat, wide, broad]   -- <καταπλαστύς> plaster -- [Pokorny pelə-, plā- :: plane, flat, wide, broad]   -- <κατασώχω> rub in pieces -- <κέδρος> cedar -- [Pokorny ked- :: to smoke]   -- <κόσμιος> orderly -- <κόσμιος> decorum, order -- <κόσμος> beauty, order, world -- <κοινός> common -- [Pokorny kom :: at, by, cum, with, alongside]   -- <κολωνός> heap -- [Pokorny 1. kel-, kelə- :: to project, tower up; hill]   -- <κομίζω> provide for -- <κοσμήτωρ> commander -- <κρατέω> hold fast, take to heart; rule, conquer -- [Pokorny 3. kar-, reduplicated karkar- :: hard]   -- <κρατερόφρων> stout-hearted, dauntless -- [Pokorny ghren- :: diaphragm; mind, soul]   -- <κραυγή> shout -- [Pokorny 1. ker-, kor-, kr- :: (onomatopoeic: hoarse sound)]   -- <Κρήτη> Crete -- <Κρόνος> Cronos -- <Κρονίδης> son of Kronos -- <κύων> dog -- [Pokorny k̑u̯on-, k̑un- :: hound, dog]   -- <κυπαρίσσος> cypress -- <κώ> yet -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <Λακεδαιμόνιος> Lacedemonian, Spartan -- <λαμβάνω> receive, capture -- [Pokorny (s)lā̆g- :: to grab, latch, seize]   -- <λαμπρός> shiny -- [Pokorny lā[i]p-, ləip-, ləp- :: to burn, shine]   -- <λαός> people -- <λέγω> say -- [Pokorny leg̑- :: to gather, collect]   -- <λέξις> style -- [Pokorny leg̑- :: to gather, collect]   -- <λευκός> white -- [Pokorny leuk- :: to light, shine; see]   -- <λευκο-γραφέω> paint in white on a black background -- [Pokorny gerebh- :: to carve, scratch; write]   -- <λήθη> forgetting -- [Pokorny 2. lā- :: to be hidden, covered, latent]   -- <Λητώ> Leto -- <λίβανος> frankincense, frankincense tree -- <λίθος> stone -- <λίνεος> of linen -- [Pokorny lī̆-no- :: flax, linen]   -- <λίνον> linen -- [Pokorny lī̆-no- :: flax, linen]   -- <λίσσομαι> pray -- [Pokorny 3. lei- :: slimy; to slip, glide]   -- <λιλαίομαι> desire -- [Pokorny las- :: greedy, covetous]   -- <λόγος> word, reason -- [Pokorny leg̑- :: to gather, collect]   -- <λούομαι> wash oneself -- [Pokorny lou-, lou̯ə- :: to lave, wash]   -- <λουτρόν> bathing -- [Pokorny lou-, lou̯ə- :: to lave, wash]   -- <λοχαγός> captain -- <Λύκιος> Lycius -- [Pokorny u̯l̥kos :: wolf, lobo]   -- <λύω> loosen, free -- [Pokorny 2. leu- :: to free, cut off, separate]   -- <μάλα> very -- [Pokorny 4. mel- :: big, strong]   -- <μάχομαι> fight, quarrel -- [Pokorny mag̑h- :: to fight, struggle]   -- <μᾶλλον> more and more -- [Pokorny 4. mel- :: big, strong]   -- <μέγας> great -- [Pokorny meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)- :: big, much, great, major, mega-]   -- <μέγεθος> size -- [Pokorny meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)- :: big, much, great, major, mega-]   -- <μέλαν> black -- [Pokorny 6. mel-, melə- :: dark color (black, dirty, etc.)]   -- <μέλω> to care, to be an object of care -- [Pokorny 3. mel- :: to hesitate]   -- <μέν> on the one hand -- [Pokorny sme, smā̆ :: really, truly (emphatic particle)]   -- <μέντοι> but, however -- <μέριμνα> care, anxious thought -- [Pokorny (s)mer- :: to mourn, remember, think of, care for]   -- <μέροψ> endowed with speech -- <μέχρι> until -- [Pokorny 2. me- :: by, with, amidst, around]   -- <μεγάθης> height -- [Pokorny meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)- :: big, much, great, major, mega-]   -- <μεγάλος> great -- [Pokorny meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)- :: big, much, great, major, mega-]   -- <μεγάλως> greatly -- [Pokorny meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)- :: big, much, great, major, mega-]   -- <μελετάω> care for, practice -- [Pokorny 3. mel- :: to hesitate]   -- <μελία> the ash tree -- [Pokorny 2. smel- :: gray]   -- <μεναίνω> rage -- <μετά> after, with -- [Pokorny 2. me- :: by, with, amidst, around]   -- <μετόπισθε> afterwards -- [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   -- <μή> not -- [Pokorny 1. mē- :: (prohibitive particle: lest, that not)]   -- <μήν> verily -- [Pokorny sme, smā̆ :: really, truly (emphatic particle)]   -- <μήτε> and not, neither -- [Pokorny 1. mē- :: (prohibitive particle: lest, that not)]   -- <μῆνις> anger -- [Pokorny 2. mā- :: timely, opportune]   -- <μηδέ> and not -- [Pokorny 1. mē- :: (prohibitive particle: lest, that not)]   -- <Μηδεία> Medea -- <μηχανή> instrument -- [Pokorny magh- : māgh- :: to help, be able; might, power]   -- <μίγνυμι> mix -- [Pokorny mei-k̑-, and mei-g̑-? :: to mix, mash, stir]   -- <μίμησις> representation -- <Μίνος> Minos -- <μιμέομαι> imitate -- <μιν> it -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <μόνον> alone -- [Pokorny 4. men- :: to diminish; small]   -- <μοῦνος> alone -- [Pokorny 4. men- :: to diminish; small]   -- <Μοῦσα> Muse -- [Pokorny 5. mē-, mō-, mə- :: to be intent; of strong will]   -- <μῦθος> speech, plot -- [Pokorny mēudh-, məudh-, mūdh- :: to complain, care about, be intent]   -- <μυρίος> countless -- [Pokorny 1. meu-, meu̯ə- : mū̆- :: wet, damp; to wash; dirt, mud, mire]   -- <ναός> temple -- [Pokorny nes- :: to unite; be concealed]   -- <ναῦς> ship -- [Pokorny 1. nāus- :: boat, ship]   -- <νέομαι> return -- [Pokorny nes- :: to unite; be concealed]   -- <νήπιος> childish, foolish -- [Pokorny 2. peu- :: to repute, explore, understand]   -- <Νίκη> Victory -- [Pokorny nēik- : nīk- : nik- :: to rail, fight, assault]   -- <νόημα> thought, understanding -- <νόος> mind -- <νόστιμος> returning -- [Pokorny nes- :: to unite; be concealed]   -- <νόστος> return -- [Pokorny nes- :: to unite; be concealed]   -- <νόσφι> apart, afar, except -- <νούσος> sickness -- <νύκτωρ> by night -- [Pokorny nek-(t-), nok-t-s :: night]   -- <νύμφη> nymph -- [Pokorny sneubh- :: to woo, marry]   -- <νῦν> now -- [Pokorny nū̆- :: now]   -- <Ξενοφῶν> Xenophon -- [Pokorny ghosti-s :: guest, stranger]   -- <ξύλον> wood -- <ξύμπας> all together -- <ξυνίημι> bring together, understand -- <ὄβριμος> strong -- [Pokorny 1. ē̆, ō̆ :: (particle: he, this, etc.)]   -- <ὄλεθρος> destruction -- [Pokorny 5. el-, ol- :: to destroy]   -- <ὄλλυμαι> perish -- [Pokorny 5. el-, ol- :: to destroy]   -- <ὄνομα> name -- [Pokorny en(o)mn̥-, (o)nomn̥, nōmn̥ :: name]   -- <ὄπισθεν> behind -- [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   -- <ὄρνυμι> stir up -- [Pokorny 3. er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion]   -- <ὄρος> mountain -- [Pokorny 1. ser- :: to flow, stream]   -- <Ὀδυσεύς> Odysseus -- <ὀλέκω> kill -- [Pokorny 5. el-, ol- :: to destroy]   -- <ὀλόω> to destroy -- [Pokorny 5. el-, ol- :: to destroy]   -- <Ὀλύμπιος> Olympian -- <ὀνομάζω> speak of by name -- [Pokorny en(o)mn̥-, (o)nomn̥, nōmn̥ :: name]   -- <ὀνομασία> language -- [Pokorny en(o)mn̥-, (o)nomn̥, nōmn̥ :: name]   -- <ὀπίσω> back -- [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   -- <ὀπισθοφύλαξ> rear-guard -- <ὀροφή> roof -- [Pokorny 2. rebh- :: to roof, thatch]   -- <ὁ> the -- [Pokorny so(s), sā :: (nom. sg. demonstrative stem: he, she)]   -- <ὅδε> this -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <ὅλως> wholly -- [Pokorny solo-, sol(e)u̯o- :: whole, well-kept, salubrious]   -- <Ὅμερος> Homer -- [Pokorny 1. ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base arə-, rē-, and i-base (a)rī̆-, rēi- :: to fit, suit]   -- <ὅμοιος> like, similar -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <ὅς> this, that, he, she, it -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ὅς> his -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ὅς> who, which -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ὅσος> as many -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <ὅσπερ> it -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <ὅστις> whoever, whatever -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <ὅτε> when -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ὅτι> because, that -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ὅτος> someone -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ὁμιλέω> consort with, busy oneself with -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <ὁμιλία> being together -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <ὁμοίως> similarly -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <ὁπος> what sort of -- <ὁράω> see -- [Pokorny 8. u̯er- :: to notice, observe, attend, be aware]   -- <οἴκαδε> home -- [Pokorny u̯eik̑-, u̯ik̑-, u̯oik̑o- :: house, village, settlement]   -- <οἴκοι> at home -- [Pokorny u̯eik̑-, u̯ik̑-, u̯oik̑o- :: house, village, settlement]   -- <οἴομαι> think, imagine -- [Pokorny 1. eis- :: to move rapidly/violently]   -- <οἶκόνδε> to his home -- [Pokorny u̯eik̑-, u̯ik̑-, u̯oik̑o- :: house, village, settlement]   -- <οἶμαι> think -- [Pokorny 1. eis- :: to move rapidly/violently]   -- <οἶον> so to say -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <οἶος> alone -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <οἰζύς> misery, suffering -- <οἰκηιεύω> claim -- <οἰωνός> large bird, bird of prey -- [Pokorny ō(u̯)i̯-om :: egg, ovum]   -- <οἷος> like, such that -- <οὐ> not -- <οὔτε> neither, nor -- <οὔτω> thus -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <οὖν> indeed -- <οὐδαμοῦ> nowhere -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <οὐδέ> not -- <οὐδέν> in no way -- <οὐδείς, οὐδεμία, οὐδέν> no one, nothing -- <οὐκ> not -- <οὐρανός> heaven -- [Pokorny 2. u̯er- :: highland, raised place; high, top]   -- <οὕνεκα> because -- <οὕτως> so, thus -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <οὗτος> this -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <πάντως> altogether -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <πάνυ> at all -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <πάρος> until -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πάσχω> suffer -- [Pokorny kenth- :: to suffer, endure]   -- <πᾶς> all, every -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <παῖς> child -- [Pokorny pōu- : pəu- : pū̆- :: few, small, little; young (of animals)]   -- <παλαιός> old, ancient -- [Pokorny 2. kel- :: far away]   -- <παντάπασι> absolutely -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <παρά> from, of -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <παράπαν> absolutely -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <παραβοηθέω> come up to help -- [Pokorny 1. dheu- :: to flow, run]   -- <παραπλήσιος> such-like -- [Pokorny 2a. pel-, pelə- : plā- :: to drive, propel, set in motion]   -- <παραχέω> pour in -- [Pokorny 1. g̑heu- :: to gush, pour, found]   -- <παρέχω> provide -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <παρεγγυάω> pass along -- [Pokorny gou̯ə-, or gau̯ə-? : gū- :: hand; to grab]   -- <πατήρ> father -- [Pokorny pətḗ(r), genitive pətr-és :: father]   -- <παύω> stop, cease -- [Pokorny paus- :: to free, let loose]   -- <παχύς> thick -- [Pokorny bheng̑h-, bhn̥g̑h-, adj. bhn̥g̑hú-s :: fat, thick, dense]   -- <παχύτης> thickness -- [Pokorny bheng̑h-, bhn̥g̑h-, adj. bhn̥g̑hú-s :: fat, thick, dense]   -- <πέμπτος> fifth -- [Pokorny penke :: five, fifth]   -- <πέμπω> send -- <πέρ> although -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πέρθω> destroy, sack -- [Pokorny bheredh-, bhṛdho- :: to cut; board]   -- <Πέρσης> Persian -- <Πελασγικός> Pelasgian -- [Pokorny 1. plā-k- : plə-k-, ple-k- : plō̆-k-, plei-k-, and pelə-g- : plā-g- : plə-g- :: flat, wide, broad; spread out]   -- <περ> indeed -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <περί> around -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <περιβάλλω> throw around -- [Pokorny 2. gel-, gelə-, glē- :: to flow, drip down; throw]   -- <περιπέλομαι> revolve -- [Pokorny 1. kel-, kelə- :: to turn; wheel; neck?]   -- <Πηληιάδης> son of Peleus -- <πῖλος> mat -- [Pokorny pi-lo- :: hair, pile, pilus]   -- <πλάζω> wander, toss -- <πλάττω> mould, shape -- [Pokorny pelə-, plā- :: plane, flat, wide, broad]   -- <πλέω> sail -- [Pokorny pleu- :: to flee, fly, run; flow, swim]   -- <πλεῖστος> most -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πλήν> except -- [Pokorny 2a. pel-, pelə- : plā- :: to drive, propel, set in motion]   -- <πόλεμος> war -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πόλις> city -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πόνος> grief -- [Pokorny 1. (s)pen(-d)- :: to pull, spin]   -- <πόντος> sea -- [Pokorny pent- :: to go, walk, pad, tread; way, path]   -- <πόσις> husband -- [Pokorny poti-s :: host, husband, lord, master, owner]   -- <πότνια> revered, queenly -- [Pokorny poti-s :: host, husband, lord, master, owner]   -- <ποιέω> make, do -- [Pokorny 2. kei- :: to stow, gather, pile up]   -- <πολέμιος> enemy -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πολέμιος> hostile, inimical -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πολεμέω> fight, be at war -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πολιτική> politics -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πολιτικῶς> like statesmen -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πολύς> many -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πολύτροπος> much-turned, much-traveled -- [Pokorny 1. trep- :: to trip, tread, trample]   -- <Ποσειδάων> Poseidon -- <ποτέ> at some time, ever -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <που> anywhere, perhaps -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <πουλυβότειρα> all nourishing, fruitful -- [Pokorny gou- :: cow, ox, gaur]   -- <πράξις> action in actual life -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πράσσω> achieve, manage -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πράττω> achieve, manage -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πραγματεία> hard work, affairs -- <Πρίαμος> Priam -- <πρό> before -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πρός> to -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πρόσωπον> face -- [Pokorny ok- :: to see, ogle; eye]   -- <πρότερον> earlier, before -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πρότερος> first, before -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <προαίρεσις> choice -- [Pokorny 1. ser- :: to flow, stream]   -- <προαιρέω> choose -- [Pokorny 1. ser- :: to flow, stream]   -- <προείχω> to be superior, excel -- <προιάπτω> send forth -- <προ-λέγω> say beforehand -- [Pokorny leg̑- :: to gather, collect]   -- <προπύλαια> gateway -- <προφέρω> bring forth -- [Pokorny 1. bher- :: to bear, bring, carry]   -- <πρώτιστα> first of all -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πρῶτον> first -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πρῶτος> first -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πτολίεθρον> city -- <πῦρ> fire -- [Pokorny peu̯ōr, pū̆r, genitive pu-n-és, locative puu̯éni :: fire]   -- <πυρίη> vapor bath -- [Pokorny peu̯ōr, pū̆r, genitive pu-n-és, locative puu̯éni :: fire]   -- <πω> yet -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <ῥητορική> rhetoric -- [Pokorny 6. u̯er- :: to speak, talk formally]   -- <ῥητορικῶς> like rhetoricians -- [Pokorny 6. u̯er- :: to speak, talk formally]   -- <ῥίπτω> throw down -- [Pokorny 3i. u̯er-, u̯r-ei- :: to clench the teeth; wroth, confused]   -- <ῥύομαι> save -- [Pokorny 5. u̯er- :: to shut, close, cover; guard, warn, save]   -- <σαφῶς> truly -- <σῖτος> corn, bread -- <σιδήρεος> of iron -- <σκήπτρον> sceptre -- [Pokorny 2. (s)kē̆p-, (s)kō̆p-, and (s)kā̆p-, (s)kē̆b(h)-, skob(h)-, and skā̆b(h)- :: to cut, shave, split with sharp tool]   -- <Σκύθης> Scythian -- <σπέος> cave, grotto -- <σπέρμα> seed -- [Pokorny 2. (s)p(h)er-, sprei-, spreu- :: to sow, strew, spread, scatter, sprinkle]   -- <σπείρω> sow -- [Pokorny 2. (s)p(h)er-, sprei-, spreu- :: to sow, strew, spread, scatter, sprinkle]   -- <στ́εμμα> wreath, garland -- <στόλος> army -- [Pokorny 3. stel- :: to put, place]   -- <στονόεις> sad, wretched -- [Pokorny 1. (s)ten- :: to drone, groan, thunder, etc.]   -- <στρατεία> expedition -- [Pokorny 5. ster-, sterə- : strē-, steru- : streu- :: to strew, scatter, spread out]   -- <στρατεύω> take the field, attack -- [Pokorny 5. ster-, sterə- : strē-, steru- : streu- :: to strew, scatter, spread out]   -- <στρατηγός> general -- [Pokorny 5. ster-, sterə- : strē-, steru- : streu- :: to strew, scatter, spread out]   -- <στρατιώτης> soldier -- [Pokorny 5. ster-, sterə- : strē-, steru- : streu- :: to strew, scatter, spread out]   -- <στρατός> army -- [Pokorny 5. ster-, sterə- : strē-, steru- : streu- :: to strew, scatter, spread out]   -- <σύ> you -- [Pokorny tū̆ :: thou, you]   -- <σύνοπτος> visible -- [Pokorny ok- :: to see, ogle; eye]   -- <συναγείρω> assemble -- [Pokorny 1. ger-, gere- :: to cram, collect, put together]   -- <συνέρχομαι> unite, come together -- [Pokorny 3. er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion]   -- <συνίημι> bring together -- [Pokorny i̯ē- : i̯ə- :: to do, throw, project]   -- <σφέτερος> own -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <σφεῖς> they -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <σφωε> those two -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <σχολή> leisure -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <σῶμα> body -- [Pokorny tēu-, təu-, teu̯ə-, tu̯ō-, tū̆- :: to swell, intumesce]   -- <σωφροσύνη> moderation, discretion -- [Pokorny tēu-, təu-, teu̯ə-, tu̯ō-, tū̆- :: to swell, intumesce]   -- <τάσσω> arrange, put in order -- [Pokorny tāg- :: to tidy up]   -- <τάχα> presently, soon -- <ταῦρος> bull -- [Pokorny tēu-, təu-, teu̯ə-, tu̯ō-, tū̆- :: to swell, intumesce]   -- <τε> and -- [Pokorny 1. ke :: (enclitic) and]   -- <τέταρτος> fourth -- [Pokorny ketu̯er-, ketu̯ō̆r-, ketur- (masc.), ketes(o)r- (fem.) :: four, fourth]   -- <τεῖχος> wall -- [Pokorny dheig̑h- :: to build, knead clay]   -- <τεκμηριόω> prove positively -- <τελείω> fulfill, complete -- [Pokorny 1. kel-, kelə- :: to turn; wheel; neck?]   -- <τελευτέω> finish, die -- [Pokorny 1. kel-, kelə- :: to turn; wheel; neck?]   -- <τεύχω> make ready, make -- [Pokorny dheugh- :: to milk, press, touch]   -- <τι> in any way -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <τίθημι> put, place -- [Pokorny 2. dhē- :: to do, put, place, set]   -- <τίς> who, what -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <τις> someone, something -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <τό> the -- [Pokorny 1. to-, tā-, ti̯o- :: that, him (neut. or non-nom. demonstrative stem)]   -- <τόλμα> courage, venture -- [Pokorny 1. tel-, telə-, tlē(i)-, tlā- :: to bear, carry; weigh, lift up]   -- <τοιοῦτος> such -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <τοσοῦτος> such -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <τραγῳδία> tragedy -- [Pokorny 3. ter-, terə-, and teri-, trēi-, trī-, also teru- : treu- :: to bore, drill, rub, thresh]   -- <τρηχύς> rough -- [Pokorny 1. dher-, dherə- :: dirt, dreg, some type of deposit]   -- <τρίβω> skilled, experienced -- [Pokorny 3. ter-, terə-, and teri-, trēi-, trī-, also teru- : treu- :: to bore, drill, rub, thresh]   -- <τρίτος> third -- [Pokorny trei- :: three, trio]   -- <Τροίη> Troy -- <Τρωικός> Trojan -- <ὕβρις> violence -- [Pokorny 2. ger-, gerə-, gerəu-, gerī- :: grave, heavy]   -- <ὕδωρ> water -- [Pokorny 9. au̯(e)-, au̯ed-, au̯er- :: to wet, flow, sprinkle; water, river, etc.]   -- <ὕστερον> later -- [Pokorny ū̆d- :: out, away, up(wards)]   -- <Ὑπερίων> Hyperion -- <ὑπερφέρω> surpass -- [Pokorny 1. bher- :: to bear, bring, carry]   -- <ὑπό> under, by -- [Pokorny upo, up, eup, (e)up-s- :: under, (from) below, etc.]   -- <ὑποδύω> go under -- [Pokorny 1. deu- :: to sink in, plunge into]   -- <ὑποζύγιον> pack animal -- [Pokorny 2. i̯eu-, i̯eu̯ə-, i̯eu-g- :: to yoke, join, tie together]   -- <υἱός> son -- [Pokorny 2. seu-, seu̯ə-, sū̆- :: to bear (a child); son]   -- <φάρμακον> paint, color -- [Pokorny 3. bher- :: to bore, cut, scrape, use sharp tool]   -- <φαίνω> seem -- [Pokorny 1. bhā-, bhō-, bhə- :: to shine, glisten]   -- <φέρω> bear, bring, carry -- [Pokorny 1. bher- :: to bear, bring, carry]   -- <φεύγω> escape, flee -- [Pokorny 1. bheug- :: to flee, escape, seek refuge]   -- <φημί> say -- [Pokorny 2. bhā- :: to speak]   -- <φθείρω> perish -- [Pokorny ghðei(ə)- :: to destroy, perish]   -- <Φθιῶτις> Phthiotis -- <φθόνος> envy, ill-will -- [Pokorny gedh- :: to hit, push; harm, injure]   -- <φίλος> dear, friendly -- [Pokorny bhili-, bhilo- :: good, friendly, harmonious]   -- <φίλος> dear one, friend -- [Pokorny bhili-, bhilo- :: good, friendly, harmonious]   -- <φιλόσοφος> wise man -- <φύη> stature -- [Pokorny bheu-, bheu̯ə-, bhu̯ā-, bhu̯ē- : bhō̆u- : bhū- :: to be, exist; grow, prosper]   -- <φύω> grow -- [Pokorny bheu-, bheu̯ə-, bhu̯ā-, bhu̯ē- : bhō̆u- : bhū- :: to be, exist; grow, prosper]   -- <χάλκειος> of bronze -- [Pokorny ghel(ē̆)g̑h- :: (type of metal)]   -- <χαλεπός> difficult -- <χείρ> hand -- [Pokorny g̑hesor-, g̑hesr- :: hand]   -- <χθών> earth -- [Pokorny g̑hðem-, g̑hðom-, genitive-ablative g̑h(ð)m-és :: earth, ground, soil, humus]   -- <χολόω> anger -- [Pokorny 1. g̑hel-, and ghel-?, also as i-, u-, or n-stem; g̑helə-, g̑hlē-, g̑hlō-, g̑hlə- :: to shine, glare, glow; gold, yellow, bright color]   -- <χράομαι> need, use -- [Pokorny 6. g̑her-, g̑herə- : g̑hrē-? :: short, small]   -- <χρόνος> time -- <χρύσεος> golden -- <Χρύσης> Chryses -- <χύδην> at random, promiscuously -- [Pokorny 1. g̑heu- :: to gush, pour, found]   -- <χώρα> land, country -- [Pokorny 1. g̑hē-, g̑hēi- :: to lack, be empty; leave, go out]   -- <χωρίζω> separate -- [Pokorny 1. g̑hē-, g̑hēi- :: to lack, be empty; leave, go out]   -- <ψυχή> soul -- [Pokorny 2. bhes- :: to blow, breathe]   -- <ὦν> indeed -- <ὠμοβόειος> of raw, untanned oxhide -- [Pokorny om- :: raw, coarse, bitter]   -- <ὠρύομαι> howl -- [Pokorny 1. reu-, rēu-, rū̆- :: (onomatopoeic: to roar, rout, round, etc.)]   -- <ὠφελία> aid -- [Pokorny obhel- :: to sweep; multiply]   -- <ὥσπερ> as -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <ὥστε> like, so that -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ὡς> as, thus -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ὡς> so, thus -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ῶ> Oh -- [Pokorny 2. ō :: O (vocative particle)]   --

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