Classical Greek Online

Greek: Base Form Dictionary

This Base Form Dictionary index lists, in an alphabetical order suitable to the language and the script employed for it, every unique base form underlying one or more surface (word) forms in lesson texts. For each base form a general meaning (if any) is shown, along with links to every usage, in every numbered lesson, of the associated surface forms. With this index, one may click on any link to perform a quick "usage look-up," and thereby study how surface forms in texts are constructed from base forms.

A new, experimental feature is being introduced to these EIEOL lessons, namely the addition of pointers to Proto-Indo-European roots identified by Julius Pokorny in his monumental work, Indogermanisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (2 vols. Bern: Franke, 1959-1969; reprinted in 1989). Because Pokorny is becoming increasingly outdated, we may revise these links in the future; however, for the time being, this information might prove interesting to those who are curious about Indo-European etymology. Notice of potential error is always welcome.

<ἄγαθος> good -- <ἄγαμαι> to wonder, admire -- [Pokorny meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)- :: big, much, great, major, mega-]   -- <ἄγγελος> messenger -- <Αἰγεύς> Aegeus -- <ἀδάμας> steel -- <Αδείμαντος> Adeimontus -- <Αἵδης> Hades -- [Pokorny 2. u̯(e)id- :: to vide, see, wit, know]   -- <ἀδικέω> wrong -- [Pokorny deik̑- :: to teach, show]   -- <ἀδύνατος> impossible -- [Pokorny 2. deu-, or dou- : du- :: to worship, venerate; mighty]   -- <αἰεί> always -- [Pokorny aiu̯-, ai̯u- :: vitality, life force]   -- <ἀεί> always -- [Pokorny aiu̯-, ai̯u- :: vitality, life force]   -- <ἀείδω> sing, chant -- [Pokorny 6. au̯-, au̯ed- :: to speak]   -- <ἀέθλος> battle, woe -- [Pokorny 11. au̯ē-, (u̯e-d(h)-?) :: to strain, take pains]   -- <ἅζομαι> stand in awe of -- [Pokorny i̯ag- :: to worship, venerate]   -- <ἀθάνατος> immortal -- [Pokorny 4. dheu-, dheu̯ə-, presumably dhu̯ē-, compare suffixes dhu̯ē-k-, dhu̯ē̆-s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <ἁθρόος> together -- [Pokorny 2. dher-, dherə- :: to hold, support]   -- <ἀκήδης> without sorrow -- [Pokorny k̑ād- : k̑ədes- : k̑əd-s- :: hate, displeasure, uneasiness]   -- <ἀκλεός> without fame -- [Pokorny 1. k̑leu-, k̑leu̯ə- : k̑lū- :: to hear, listen]   -- <ἀκούω> hear, listen -- <ἄκρον> mountain-top, peak -- [Pokorny 2. ak̑-, ok̑- :: sharp, acute, angular; stone]   -- <ἀκρόπολις> Acropolis -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <ἄλγος> woe -- <Ἀλέξανδρος> Alexandros -- <ἀληθῶς> really, truly -- [Pokorny 2. lā- :: to be hidden, covered, latent]   -- <Ἁλικαρνησεύς> Halicarnassian -- <ἀλλά> but -- <ἀλλήλων> one another -- [Pokorny 1. al-, ol- :: beyond; other, alien]   -- <ἄλλος> other -- [Pokorny 1. al-, ol- :: beyond; other, alien]   -- <ἄλλως> otherwise, especially -- [Pokorny 1. al-, ol- :: beyond; other, alien]   -- <ἅμα> at the same time -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <ἀμειξία> lack of intercourse -- [Pokorny mei-k̑-, and mei-g̑-? :: to mix, mash, stir]   -- <ἁμόθεν> from any point -- [Pokorny i̯ag- :: to worship, venerate]   -- <ἀμφί> around, between -- [Pokorny ambhi, m̥bhi :: around, at both sides]   -- <ἄν> if -- [Pokorny 2. an- :: there, other side]   -- <ἀνά> on -- [Pokorny 4. an-, anu, anō, nō :: on, along, over there]   -- <ἀναβαίνω> mount, go up -- [Pokorny gā-, gem- :: to come, go]   -- <ἀνάγκη> force, compulsion -- [Pokorny 1. ank- :: force; need, necessity]   -- <ἀνάγομαι> put out to sea -- <ἀνακαλέω> designate -- [Pokorny 6. kel-, k(e)lē-, k(e)lā-, or kl̥̄-? :: to call, cry]   -- <ἀναλαμβάνω> take along -- [Pokorny (s)lā̆g- :: to grab, latch, seize]   -- <ἄναξ> ruler -- <ἀνήρ> man -- [Pokorny 1. ner(-t)-, aner-, əner-? :: vital force; man]   -- <ἄνθρωπος> human being -- [Pokorny 1. ner(-t)-, aner-, əner-? :: vital force; man]   -- <ἀντί> instead of -- [Pokorny ant-s :: brow, front, anterior]   -- <ἀντίθεος> godlike -- [Pokorny dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <ἀντίπαλος> contrast -- <ἀπαιρέω> take off -- [Pokorny 1. ser- :: to flow, stream]   -- <ἅπας> all -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <ἀπαιτέω> request -- [Pokorny ai-ti-, ai-to-, oi-to- :: part, portion]   -- <ἀπερείσιος> countless -- <ἀπείρων> boundless -- [Pokorny āpero- :: shore, bank (of river)]   -- <ἀπό> from -- [Pokorny apo-, pō̆, ap-u, pu :: off, out of, away from]   -- <ἀποδείκνυμι> propose -- [Pokorny deik̑- :: to teach, show]   -- <ἀπόδεξις> exposition, publication -- [Pokorny deik̑- :: to teach, show]   -- <ἀποκρατέω> exceed -- <ἀποκρίνω> separate, answer -- [Pokorny 4. (s)ker-, (s)kerə-, (s)krē- :: to cut, shear, score, scribe]   -- <ἀποκτείνω> kill -- <Ἀπόλλων> Apollo -- [Pokorny apelo- :: strength]   -- <ἄποινα> ransom -- <ἀπότομος> precipitous -- <Ἄπτερος> Wingless -- <αἰπύς> deep -- <ἆρα> then -- [Pokorny 4. ar, er, or?, r̥ :: now, therefore; (interrogative particle)]   -- <Ἀριάδνη> Ariadne -- <Ἀργεῖος> Argive -- [Pokorny ar(e)-g̑-, arg̑-?, r̥g̑i- :: white, argent, glittering]   -- <ἀργύρεος> silver -- [Pokorny ar(e)-g̑-, arg̑-?, r̥g̑i- :: white, argent, glittering]   -- <ἀρετῆ> virtue -- [Pokorny 1. ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base arə-, rē-, and i-base (a)rī̆-, rēi- :: to fit, suit]   -- <Ἄρης> Ares -- [Pokorny 2. ere-s-, ers-, r̥s-, eres-, and rē̆s-, rō̆s- :: to flow]   -- <ἀρητήρ> priest -- <ἁρμόττω> fit together -- <ἄρνυμαι> win -- [Pokorny 2. ar-, or er- :: to share, distribute]   -- <ἁρπαγή> abduction -- [Pokorny 5. ser-, extended serp- :: sickle]   -- <ἁρπάζω> carry off -- [Pokorny 5. ser-, extended serp- :: sickle]   -- <ἀρχαιος> old -- <ἀρχή> beginning, first principle -- <ἄρχω> begin -- <Ἀσία> Asia -- <ἀσθένεια> weakness -- <ἀσπερχές> unceasingly -- [Pokorny sperg̑h-, spreg̑h-, nasalized spreng̑h- :: to rush, hurry, spring, jump]   -- <ἄστυ> city -- [Pokorny 1. u̯es- :: to live, stay overnight]   -- <αἰτία> cause, reason -- [Pokorny ai-ti-, ai-to-, oi-to- :: part, portion]   -- <ἀτασθαλία> folly -- <ἄτερ> without -- [Pokorny ati, ato- :: over, beyond]   -- <αἰτέω> request -- [Pokorny ai-ti-, ai-to-, oi-to- :: part, portion]   -- <ἀτιμάζω> dishonor -- [Pokorny 1. kei(-t)- :: to observe with respect, pay attention to]   -- <ἀτμίς> steam, vapor -- [Pokorny 10. au̯(e)-, au̯ē(i)-, u̯ē- :: to vent, blow]   -- <αἴτιος> blameworthy -- [Pokorny ai-ti-, ai-to-, oi-to- :: part, portion]   -- <Ἀτρείδης> son of Atreus -- <αὐτάρ> but -- [Pokorny ati, ato- :: over, beyond]   -- <αὖτε> then, again -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <αὐτόματος> by itself -- [Pokorny 3. men- :: to think; mind, spiritual activity]   -- <αὐτός> oneself, he -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <αὔτις> again -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <ἀφαιρέω> take away -- [Pokorny 1. ser- :: to flow, stream]   -- <ἀφίημι> send forth, throw down, permit, forgive -- [Pokorny 3. u̯ei-, u̯eiə- : u̯ī- :: to wish, pursue, go for, reach towards; strong, violent]   -- <ἀφικνέομαι> come to, reach -- <ἀφομοιο̃ω> to make like -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <Ἀχαιός> Achaean -- <Ἀχιλλεύς> Achilles -- <βάρβαρος> foreigner, non-Greek -- [Pokorny baba- :: babble, babbling, unclear speech]   -- <βάρβαρος> foreign, not Greek -- [Pokorny baba- :: babble, babbling, unclear speech]   -- <βασιλεύς> king -- <βλέπω> see -- <βοάω> shout -- [Pokorny 1. b(e)u-, bh(e)u- :: (onomatopoeic: dull noise)]   -- <βοή> shout -- [Pokorny 1. b(e)u-, bh(e)u- :: (onomatopoeic: dull noise)]   -- <βουλή> will -- [Pokorny 2. gel-, gelə-, glē- :: to flow, drip down; throw]   -- <βούλομαι> wish, request -- [Pokorny 2. gel-, gelə-, glē- :: to flow, drip down; throw]   -- <βοῦς> cow, ox -- [Pokorny gou- :: cow, ox, gaur]   -- <γαῖα> land -- <γάρ> for -- [Pokorny 4. ar, er, or?, r̥ :: now, therefore; (interrogative particle)]   -- <γίγνομαι> happen, become -- [Pokorny 1. g̑en-, g̑enə-, g̑nē-, g̑nō- :: to bear, produce, generate]   -- <γιγνώσκω> know, learn -- [Pokorny 2. g̑en-, g̑enə-, g̑nē-, g̑nō- :: to ken, know, recognize]   -- <γε> indeed -- [Pokorny ghe-, gho- :: (enclitic (emphatic?) particle)]   -- <γενεή> family, generation, race -- [Pokorny 1. g̑en-, g̑enə-, g̑nē-, g̑nō- :: to bear, produce, generate]   -- <γένος> race -- [Pokorny 1. g̑en-, g̑enə-, g̑nē-, g̑nō- :: to bear, produce, generate]   -- <γέρρον> ox-hide wicker shield -- [Pokorny g̑ers- :: to bend, turn]   -- <γλαφυρός> hollow -- [Pokorny gelebh- :: to flay, scrape]   -- <γραφικῆ> painting -- [Pokorny gerebh- :: to carve, scratch; write]   -- <γυνή> woman -- [Pokorny gē̆nā :: wife, queen, woman]   -- <διά> through, by -- [Pokorny du̯ō(u) :: two, duo]   -- <ἰδίᾳ> privately -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <διαβολή> false accusation, calumny -- <διαγιγνώσκω> discern, distinguish -- [Pokorny 2. g̑en-, g̑enə-, g̑nē-, g̑nō- :: to ken, know, recognize]   -- <δακρύω> weep -- [Pokorny dak̑ru- :: tear (from the eye)]   -- <Δαναοί> Danaans -- [Pokorny dā- :: fluid; river; to flow]   -- <διάνοια> thought, mind -- <δασύς> hairy, shaggy -- [Pokorny 2. dens- :: dense]   -- <διαφανής> transparent, red-hot -- [Pokorny 1. bhā-, bhō-, bhə- :: to shine, glisten]   -- <διαφθείρω> destroy, kill -- [Pokorny ghðei(ə)- :: to destroy, perish]   -- <δίδωμι> give -- [Pokorny dō- : də-, also dō-u- : dəu- : du- :: to give, donate]   -- <δέ> and, on the other hand -- [Pokorny de-, do- :: I-deictic; here]   -- <δεινός> terrible -- [Pokorny du̯ei- :: to fear]   -- <δεξιά> the right hand -- [Pokorny 1. dek̑- :: to take]   -- <Δευκαλίων> Deucalion -- [Pokorny deuk- :: to tug, pull, drag, tow]   -- <δεύτερον> second -- [Pokorny 3. deu-, deu̯ə-, du̯ā-, dū- :: to pass, move forward]   -- <δεύτερος> second -- [Pokorny 3. deu-, deu̯ə-, du̯ā-, dū- :: to pass, move forward]   -- <δέχομαι> receive -- [Pokorny 1. dek̑- :: to take]   -- <δή> indeed -- [Pokorny de-, do- :: I-deictic; here]   -- <δῆλος> clear, obvious -- [Pokorny 1. dei-, dei̯ə-, dī-, di̯ā- :: to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity]   -- <δηλόω> be clear, reveal -- [Pokorny 1. dei-, dei̯ə-, dī-, di̯ā- :: to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity]   -- <δημοσίᾳ> in public -- [Pokorny dā : də-, and dāi- : dəi-, dī̆- :: to share, divide]   -- <δημοτικός> of the people, in common use -- [Pokorny dā : də-, and dāi- : dəi-, dī̆- :: to share, divide]   -- <δημιουργός> craftsman -- [Pokorny 1. u̯erg̑-, u̯reg̑- :: to (en)close, shut off; pen]   -- <δίκαιος> just, righteous -- [Pokorny deik̑- :: to teach, show]   -- <δικαιοσύνη> justice, righteousness -- [Pokorny deik̑- :: to teach, show]   -- <δίκη> custom, right -- [Pokorny deik̑- :: to teach, show]   -- <δοκέω> seem, think -- [Pokorny 1. dek̑- :: to take]   -- <διόπερ> therefore, so -- [Pokorny du̯ō(u) :: two, duo]   -- <δῖος> godlike, noble -- [Pokorny 1. dei-, dei̯ə-, dī-, di̯ā- :: to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity]   -- <δρόμος> run -- [Pokorny 3. der-, drā-, dreb-, drem-, dreu- :: to run, trip, tread, tramp]   -- <δι-ίστημι> separate, strive -- [Pokorny stā- : stə- :: to stand]   -- <δύναμαι> be able -- [Pokorny 2. deu-, or dou- : du- :: to worship, venerate; mighty]   -- <δύναμις> power -- [Pokorny 2. deu-, or dou- : du- :: to worship, venerate; mighty]   -- <δυνατός> possible -- [Pokorny 2. deu-, or dou- : du- :: to worship, venerate; mighty]   -- <δύο> two -- [Pokorny du̯ō(u) :: two, duo]   -- <δυσμένεια> enmity, hate -- [Pokorny 3. men- :: to think; mind, spiritual activity]   -- <δῶμα> house, home -- [Pokorny dem-, demə- :: to build, timber; house, domicile]   -- <εἰ> if -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἑαυτός> himself -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <ἐγγύς> near -- [Pokorny gou̯ə-, or gau̯ə-? : gū- :: hand; to grab]   -- <ἐγώ> I -- [Pokorny eg̑-, eg̑(h)om, eg̑ō :: ego, I (pronoun)]   -- <εἶδον> saw -- [Pokorny 2. u̯(e)id- :: to vide, see, wit, know]   -- <εἴδω> see, know -- [Pokorny 2. u̯(e)id- :: to vide, see, wit, know]   -- <ἐθέλω> wish, want -- [Pokorny ghel- :: to want, wish]   -- <ἔθνος> nation, people, tribe -- <ἐκ> from, out of -- [Pokorny eg̑hs, eg̑hz :: from, out of, ex-]   -- <ἕκαστος> each, every -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ἐκδιδώμι> give up -- [Pokorny dō- : də-, also dō-u- : dəu- : du- :: to give, donate]   -- <ἐκεῖ> there -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἐκεῖνος> that -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἑκηβόλος> far-shooting -- [Pokorny u̯ek̑- :: to want, wish]   -- <ἐκνικάω> prevail -- [Pokorny nēik- : nīk- : nik- :: to rail, fight, assault]   -- <εἴκοσι> twenty -- [Pokorny u̯ī-k̑m̥t-ī :: twenty]   -- <ἐκπέρθω> destroy -- [Pokorny bheredh-, bhṛdho- :: to cut; board]   -- <εἰκών> image, portrait -- [Pokorny 3. u̯eik- :: to happen, become equal, come together]   -- <ἐλαύνω> set in motion -- [Pokorny 6. el-, elə- : lā-, el-eu-(dh-) :: to go, move, drive]   -- <ἐλεαίρω> pity -- <Ἑλένη> Helen -- <Ἑλλάς> Greece -- <Ἕλλην> Greek -- <Ἑλληνικός> Greek -- <Ἕλληνος> Hellenos -- <ἑλώριον> spoils, booty -- [Pokorny 3. sel- :: to grab, seize, take]   -- <εἶμι> go -- [Pokorny 1. ei- :: to go, exit]   -- <εἰμί> I am -- [Pokorny es- :: is, to be]   -- <εἷμα> clothing -- [Pokorny 5. u̯es- :: to dress, clothe, wear]   -- <ἵεμαι> desire -- [Pokorny 3. u̯ei-, u̯eiə- : u̯ī- :: to wish, pursue, go for, reach towards; strong, violent]   -- <ἐμβασιλεύω> be king in -- <ἔμμετρος> metrical -- [Pokorny 3. mē-, m-e-t- :: to measure]   -- <ἔμπης> nevertheless -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <ἐμπίπλημι> fill -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <ἔμπροσθεν> before, in front -- <ἐμφέρης> resembling -- <ἐν> in -- [Pokorny 1. en :: in]   -- <ἐναλίγκιος> resembling, like -- <ἐναλείψω> paint, smear -- <ἐνιαυτός> year -- [Pokorny 2. en- :: year]   -- <ἐνέδρα> ambush -- [Pokorny sed- :: to sit, set, settle]   -- <εἵνεκεν> because of -- [Pokorny u̯ək- : *u̯āk- :: bent]   -- <ἔνειμι> to be in, to be possible -- [Pokorny 1. en :: in]   -- <ἐνέπω> tell, tell of -- [Pokorny u̯ek- :: to voice, speak, evoke]   -- <ἔνθα> then, there -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἐνοικέω> dwelling in -- [Pokorny u̯eik̑-, u̯ik̑-, u̯oik̑o- :: house, village, settlement]   -- <ἐνταῦθα> then, there -- [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   -- <ἐντεῦθεν> from there -- [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   -- <ἐξ> from, out of -- [Pokorny eg̑hs, eg̑hz :: from, out of, ex-]   -- <ἐξαπίνης> on a sudden -- [Pokorny eg̑hs, eg̑hz :: from, out of, ex-]   -- <ἐξίτηλος> fading, forgotten -- [Pokorny eg̑hs, eg̑hz :: from, out of, ex-]   -- <ἐός> his, her -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ἐπί> on, about -- [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   -- <ἐπάγω> bring in, invite -- [Pokorny ag̑- :: to lead, drive, agitate]   -- <ἐπιβάλλω> throw on -- [Pokorny 2. gel-, gelə-, glē- :: to flow, drip down; throw]   -- <ἐπεί> when, after -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἐπεάν> when, after -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἐπειδή> after -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἐπίειμι> come near -- [Pokorny 1. ei- :: to go, exit]   -- <ἔπειτα> thereupon -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἐπίκλησις> name, title -- [Pokorny 6. kel-, k(e)lē-, k(e)lā-, or kl̥̄-? :: to call, cry]   -- <ἐπικλώθω> spin; decide -- [Pokorny kolə- : klō- :: to spin]   -- <ἕπομαι> follow -- [Pokorny 1. sek- :: to segue, follow]   -- <ἔπος> words, saying -- [Pokorny u̯ek- :: to voice, speak, evoke]   -- <ἐπίσταμαι> know -- [Pokorny stā- : stə- :: to stand]   -- <ἐπιτίθημι> attack -- [Pokorny 2. dhē- :: to do, put, place, set]   -- <ἐπωνυμία> name, designation -- [Pokorny en(o)mn̥-, (o)nomn̥, nōmn̥ :: name]   -- <ἐργάζομαι> work, make -- [Pokorny 2. u̯erg̑-, u̯reg̑- :: to do, work, be effective]   -- <ἔργον> work, deed -- [Pokorny 1. u̯erg̑-, u̯reg̑- :: to (en)close, shut off; pen]   -- <ἐρίζω> quarrel -- [Pokorny 3. er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion]   -- <ἑρμηνεία> interpretation -- <ἱερός> sacred -- [Pokorny 1. eis- :: to move rapidly/violently]   -- <ἔρις> strife -- [Pokorny 3. er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion]   -- <ἐρύκω> hold back -- [Pokorny 5. u̯er- :: to shut, close, cover; guard, warn, save]   -- <ἔρχομαι> come, go -- [Pokorny 3. er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion]   -- <εἴρω> speak, say -- [Pokorny 6. u̯er- :: to speak, talk formally]   -- <εἰς> towards -- [Pokorny 1. en :: in]   -- <εἷς> one -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <ἐς> towards -- [Pokorny 1. en :: in]   -- <ἐσθλόν> good -- [Pokorny es- :: is, to be]   -- <ἐσθίω> eat -- [Pokorny ed- :: to eat]   -- <ἔσοδος> entrance -- [Pokorny sed- :: to sit, set, settle]   -- <ἔτι> still -- [Pokorny eti :: out, beyond, etc.]   -- <ἕταιρος> comrade -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ἕταρος> comrade -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <εἴτε> whether...or -- <ἕτερος> other -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <ἔτος> year -- [Pokorny u̯et- :: year]   -- <εὔ> well -- [Pokorny esu-s : su- :: good, able]   -- <εὐκνῆμις> well-greaved -- [Pokorny konəmo-, knāmo-, or kenəmo- :: shinbone]   -- <εὐπρέπεια> appearance, beauty -- [Pokorny prep- :: to catch sight of]   -- <Εὐρώπη> Europe -- <εὐφραίνω> delight, please -- [Pokorny ghren- :: diaphragm; mind, soul]   -- <εὐωδίη> fragrant scent -- <ἐχυρός> strong, secure -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <ἔχω> have -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <εἴχω> have, be -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <Ζεύς> Zeus -- [Pokorny 1. dei-, dei̯ə-, dī-, di̯ā- :: to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity]   -- <ζωγρέω> capture alive -- <ζώω> live -- [Pokorny 3. gei̯-, and gei̯ə- :: to live, survive]   -- <ἧ> verily -- <ἤ> or, than -- [Pokorny 2. ē, ō :: oh (vocative interjection)]   -- <ἡγέομαι> lead, regard, rule -- [Pokorny sāg- :: to seek, track, trail]   -- <ἠδέ> and, also -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ἤδη> already -- [Pokorny 2. ē, ō :: oh (vocative interjection)]   -- <Ἠέλιος> Helios -- [Pokorny sā́u̯el-, sāu̯ol-, suu̯él-, su̯el-, sūl- :: Sol, sun]   -- <Ἡερόδοτος> Herodotus -- <ἦθος> custom, character -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ἥκιστα> least -- [Pokorny 3. sēk- :: to abate; lazy, quiet]   -- <ἧμαρ> day -- [Pokorny āmer-, āmōr, āmr̥ :: day]   -- <ἡμέρα> day -- [Pokorny āmer-, āmōr, āmr̥ :: day]   -- <ἡμίθεος> demi-god -- [Pokorny dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <ἤν> if -- [Pokorny 2. an- :: there, other side]   -- <ἥρως> hero -- [Pokorny 2. ser- :: to serve, guard, protect, shelter]   -- <θάλασσα> sea -- <θάλαττα> sea -- <θεά> goddess -- [Pokorny dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θεάομαι> see -- <θεῖος> deity, divinity -- [Pokorny dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θεῖος> divine, godlike -- [Pokorny dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θεός> god -- [Pokorny dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θέω> run -- <Θησεύς> Theseus -- <Θήχης> Theches -- <θνήσκω> die -- [Pokorny 4. dheu-, dheu̯ə-, presumably dhu̯ē-, compare suffixes dhu̯ē-k-, dhu̯ē̆-s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θοός> fast -- [Pokorny 1. dheu- :: to flow, run]   -- <Θρῆ́ιξ> Thracian -- <θυγάτηρ> daughter -- [Pokorny dhug(h)əter- :: daughter]   -- <θυμιάω> burn with smoke -- [Pokorny 4. dheu-, dheu̯ə-, presumably dhu̯ē-, compare suffixes dhu̯ē-k-, dhu̯ē̆-s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θυμός> soul, heart -- [Pokorny 4. dheu-, dheu̯ə-, presumably dhu̯ē-, compare suffixes dhu̯ē-k-, dhu̯ē̆-s- :: to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.]   -- <θωμαστός> wonderful -- [Pokorny dhei̯ə- : dhi̯ā- : dhī- :: to look, see, show]   -- <Ἰθάκη> Ithaca -- <καί> and -- [Pokorny 2. kai :: and]   -- <καθαιρέω> take down, destroy -- [Pokorny 1. ser- :: to flow, stream]   -- <καθαρός> clean, pure -- <κακός> evil, poor -- [Pokorny kakka- :: to cack, defecate (nursery word)]   -- <καλέω> call, summon -- [Pokorny 6. kel-, k(e)lē-, k(e)lā-, or kl̥̄-? :: to call, cry]   -- <καλός> good, beautiful -- [Pokorny 2. kal-, kali-, kalu- :: handsome, beautiful; healthy]   -- <καλύπτω> cover -- [Pokorny 4. k̑el- :: to hide, conceal]   -- <Καλυψώ> Calypso -- [Pokorny 4. k̑el- :: to hide, conceal]   -- <κάματος> toil, labor -- [Pokorny 4. k̑em(ə)- :: to be/make tired]   -- <κάνναβις> hemp -- <κάρτα> very much, extremely -- [Pokorny 3. kar-, reduplicated karkar- :: hard]   -- <κατά> completely, down, under -- [Pokorny kom :: at, by, cum, with, alongside]   -- <καταπλάσσω> plaster over -- [Pokorny pelə-, plā- :: plane, flat, wide, broad]   -- <καταπλαστύς> plaster -- [Pokorny pelə-, plā- :: plane, flat, wide, broad]   -- <κατασώχω> rub in pieces -- <κάτω> downward -- <καίω> burn -- [Pokorny 2. k̑ēu- : k̑əu-, k̑ū- :: to burn, light (a fire)]   -- <κέδρος> cedar -- [Pokorny ked- :: to smoke]   -- <ἱκνέομαι> reach -- [Pokorny sē̆ik-, sī̆k- :: to grip, reach for]   -- <κολωνός> heap -- [Pokorny 1. kel-, kelə- :: to project, tower up; hill]   -- <κομίζω> provide for -- <κοινός> common -- [Pokorny kom :: at, by, cum, with, alongside]   -- <κοσμήτωρ> commander -- <κόσμιος> decorum, order -- <κόσμιος> orderly -- <κόσμος> beauty, order, world -- <κρατερόφρων> stout-hearted, dauntless -- [Pokorny ghren- :: diaphragm; mind, soul]   -- <κρατέω> hold fast, take to heart; rule, conquer -- [Pokorny 3. kar-, reduplicated karkar- :: hard]   -- <κραυγή> shout -- [Pokorny 1. ker-, kor-, kr- :: (onomatopoeic: hoarse sound)]   -- <Κρήτη> Crete -- <Κρονίδης> son of Kronos -- <Κρόνος> Cronos -- <κυπαρίσσος> cypress -- <κύων> dog -- [Pokorny k̑u̯on-, k̑un- :: hound, dog]   -- <κώ> yet -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <Λακεδαιμόνιος> Lacedemonian, Spartan -- <λαμβάνω> receive, capture -- [Pokorny (s)lā̆g- :: to grab, latch, seize]   -- <λαμπρός> shiny -- [Pokorny lā[i]p-, ləip-, ləp- :: to burn, shine]   -- <λαός> people -- <λίβανος> frankincense, frankincense tree -- <λέγω> say -- [Pokorny leg̑- :: to gather, collect]   -- <λέξις> style -- [Pokorny leg̑- :: to gather, collect]   -- <λευκο-γραφέω> paint in white on a black background -- [Pokorny gerebh- :: to carve, scratch; write]   -- <λευκός> white -- [Pokorny leuk- :: to light, shine; see]   -- <λήθη> forgetting -- [Pokorny 2. lā- :: to be hidden, covered, latent]   -- <Λητώ> Leto -- <λίθος> stone -- <λιλαίομαι> desire -- [Pokorny las- :: greedy, covetous]   -- <λίνεος> of linen -- [Pokorny lī̆-no- :: flax, linen]   -- <λίνον> linen -- [Pokorny lī̆-no- :: flax, linen]   -- <λόγος> word, reason -- [Pokorny leg̑- :: to gather, collect]   -- <λούομαι> wash oneself -- [Pokorny lou-, lou̯ə- :: to lave, wash]   -- <λουτρόν> bathing -- [Pokorny lou-, lou̯ə- :: to lave, wash]   -- <λοχαγός> captain -- <λίσσομαι> pray -- [Pokorny 3. lei- :: slimy; to slip, glide]   -- <Λύκιος> Lycius -- [Pokorny u̯l̥kos :: wolf, lobo]   -- <λύω> loosen, free -- [Pokorny 2. leu- :: to free, cut off, separate]   -- <μάλα> very -- [Pokorny 4. mel- :: big, strong]   -- <μᾶλλον> more and more -- [Pokorny 4. mel- :: big, strong]   -- <μάχομαι> fight, quarrel -- [Pokorny mag̑h- :: to fight, struggle]   -- <μίγνυμι> mix -- [Pokorny mei-k̑-, and mei-g̑-? :: to mix, mash, stir]   -- <μεγάθης> height -- [Pokorny meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)- :: big, much, great, major, mega-]   -- <μεγάλος> great -- [Pokorny meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)- :: big, much, great, major, mega-]   -- <μεγάλως> greatly -- [Pokorny meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)- :: big, much, great, major, mega-]   -- <μέγας> great -- [Pokorny meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)- :: big, much, great, major, mega-]   -- <μέγεθος> size -- [Pokorny meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)- :: big, much, great, major, mega-]   -- <μελία> the ash tree -- [Pokorny 2. smel- :: gray]   -- <μέλαν> black -- [Pokorny 6. mel-, melə- :: dark color (black, dirty, etc.)]   -- <μελετάω> care for, practice -- [Pokorny 3. mel- :: to hesitate]   -- <μέλω> to care, to be an object of care -- [Pokorny 3. mel- :: to hesitate]   -- <μέν> on the one hand -- [Pokorny sme, smā̆ :: really, truly (emphatic particle)]   -- <μεναίνω> rage -- <μέντοι> but, however -- <μέριμνα> care, anxious thought -- [Pokorny (s)mer- :: to mourn, remember, think of, care for]   -- <μέροψ> endowed with speech -- <μετά> after, with -- [Pokorny 2. me- :: by, with, amidst, around]   -- <μετόπισθε> afterwards -- [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   -- <μέχρι> until -- [Pokorny 2. me- :: by, with, amidst, around]   -- <μή> not -- [Pokorny 1. mē- :: (prohibitive particle: lest, that not)]   -- <μηδέ> and not -- [Pokorny 1. mē- :: (prohibitive particle: lest, that not)]   -- <Μηδεία> Medea -- <μήν> verily -- [Pokorny sme, smā̆ :: really, truly (emphatic particle)]   -- <μῆνις> anger -- [Pokorny 2. mā- :: timely, opportune]   -- <μήτε> and not, neither -- [Pokorny 1. mē- :: (prohibitive particle: lest, that not)]   -- <μηχανή> instrument -- [Pokorny magh- : māgh- :: to help, be able; might, power]   -- <μιμέομαι> imitate -- <μίμησις> representation -- <μιν> it -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <Μίνος> Minos -- <μόνον> alone -- [Pokorny 4. men- :: to diminish; small]   -- <μοῦνος> alone -- [Pokorny 4. men- :: to diminish; small]   -- <Μοῦσα> Muse -- [Pokorny 5. mē-, mō-, mə- :: to be intent; of strong will]   -- <μῦθος> speech, plot -- [Pokorny mēudh-, məudh-, mūdh- :: to complain, care about, be intent]   -- <μυρίος> countless -- [Pokorny 1. meu-, meu̯ə- : mū̆- :: wet, damp; to wash; dirt, mud, mire]   -- <ναός> temple -- [Pokorny nes- :: to unite; be concealed]   -- <ναῦς> ship -- [Pokorny 1. nāus- :: boat, ship]   -- <νέομαι> return -- [Pokorny nes- :: to unite; be concealed]   -- <νήπιος> childish, foolish -- [Pokorny 2. peu- :: to repute, explore, understand]   -- <Νίκη> Victory -- [Pokorny nēik- : nīk- : nik- :: to rail, fight, assault]   -- <νόημα> thought, understanding -- <νόος> mind -- <νόστιμος> returning -- [Pokorny nes- :: to unite; be concealed]   -- <νόστος> return -- [Pokorny nes- :: to unite; be concealed]   -- <νόσφι> apart, afar, except -- <νούσος> sickness -- <νύκτωρ> by night -- [Pokorny nek-(t-), nok-t-s :: night]   -- <νύμφη> nymph -- [Pokorny sneubh- :: to woo, marry]   -- <νῦν> now -- [Pokorny nū̆- :: now]   -- <Ξενοφῶν> Xenophon -- [Pokorny ghosti-s :: guest, stranger]   -- <ξύλον> wood -- <ξύμπας> all together -- <ξυνίημι> bring together, understand -- <ὁ> the -- [Pokorny so(s), sā :: (nom. sg. demonstrative stem: he, she)]   -- <ὄβριμος> strong -- [Pokorny 1. ē̆, ō̆ :: (particle: he, this, etc.)]   -- <ὅδε> this -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <Ὀδυσεύς> Odysseus -- <οἰζύς> misery, suffering -- <οἴκαδε> home -- [Pokorny u̯eik̑-, u̯ik̑-, u̯oik̑o- :: house, village, settlement]   -- <οἰκηιεύω> claim -- <οἴκοι> at home -- [Pokorny u̯eik̑-, u̯ik̑-, u̯oik̑o- :: house, village, settlement]   -- <οἶκόνδε> to his home -- [Pokorny u̯eik̑-, u̯ik̑-, u̯oik̑o- :: house, village, settlement]   -- <ὄλεθρος> destruction -- [Pokorny 5. el-, ol- :: to destroy]   -- <ὀλέκω> kill -- [Pokorny 5. el-, ol- :: to destroy]   -- <ὄλλυμαι> perish -- [Pokorny 5. el-, ol- :: to destroy]   -- <ὀλόω> to destroy -- [Pokorny 5. el-, ol- :: to destroy]   -- <Ὀλύμπιος> Olympian -- <ὅλως> wholly -- [Pokorny solo-, sol(e)u̯o- :: whole, well-kept, salubrious]   -- <οἶμαι> think -- [Pokorny 1. eis- :: to move rapidly/violently]   -- <Ὅμερος> Homer -- [Pokorny 1. ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base arə-, rē-, and i-base (a)rī̆-, rēi- :: to fit, suit]   -- <ὁμιλία> being together -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <ὁμιλέω> consort with, busy oneself with -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <ὅμοιος> like, similar -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <ὁμοίως> similarly -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <ὄνομα> name -- [Pokorny en(o)mn̥-, (o)nomn̥, nōmn̥ :: name]   -- <ὀνομάζω> speak of by name -- [Pokorny en(o)mn̥-, (o)nomn̥, nōmn̥ :: name]   -- <ὀνομασία> language -- [Pokorny en(o)mn̥-, (o)nomn̥, nōmn̥ :: name]   -- <οἴομαι> think, imagine -- [Pokorny 1. eis- :: to move rapidly/violently]   -- <οἶον> so to say -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <οἶος> alone -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <οἷος> like, such that -- <ὁπος> what sort of -- <ὄπισθεν> behind -- [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   -- <ὀπισθοφύλαξ> rear-guard -- <ὀπίσω> back -- [Pokorny epi, opi, pi :: at, near, epi-]   -- <ὁράω> see -- [Pokorny 8. u̯er- :: to notice, observe, attend, be aware]   -- <ὄρνυμι> stir up -- [Pokorny 3. er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion]   -- <ὄρος> mountain -- [Pokorny 1. ser- :: to flow, stream]   -- <ὀροφή> roof -- [Pokorny 2. rebh- :: to roof, thatch]   -- <ὅς> his -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ὅς> who, which -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ὅς> this, that, he, she, it -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ὅσος> as many -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <ὅσπερ> it -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <ὅστις> whoever, whatever -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <ὅτι> because, that -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ὅτε> when -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ὅτος> someone -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <οὐ> not -- <οὐδαμοῦ> nowhere -- [Pokorny 2. sem- :: one, some, together]   -- <οὐδέ> not -- <οὐδέν> in no way -- <οὐδείς, οὐδεμία, οὐδέν> no one, nothing -- <οὐκ> not -- <οὖν> indeed -- <οὕνεκα> because -- <οὐρανός> heaven -- [Pokorny 2. u̯er- :: highland, raised place; high, top]   -- <οὔτε> neither, nor -- <οὗτος> this -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <οὔτω> thus -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <οὕτως> so, thus -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <οἰωνός> large bird, bird of prey -- [Pokorny ō(u̯)i̯-om :: egg, ovum]   -- <παλαιός> old, ancient -- [Pokorny 2. kel- :: far away]   -- <παντάπασι> absolutely -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <πάντως> altogether -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <πάνυ> at all -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <παρά> from, of -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <παραβοηθέω> come up to help -- [Pokorny 1. dheu- :: to flow, run]   -- <παράπαν> absolutely -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <παραπλήσιος> such-like -- [Pokorny 2a. pel-, pelə- : plā- :: to drive, propel, set in motion]   -- <παραχέω> pour in -- [Pokorny 1. g̑heu- :: to gush, pour, found]   -- <παρεγγυάω> pass along -- [Pokorny gou̯ə-, or gau̯ə-? : gū- :: hand; to grab]   -- <παρέχω> provide -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <πάρος> until -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πᾶς> all, every -- [Pokorny 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- : k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- :: to swell]   -- <παῖς> child -- [Pokorny pōu- : pəu- : pū̆- :: few, small, little; young (of animals)]   -- <πάσχω> suffer -- [Pokorny kenth- :: to suffer, endure]   -- <πατήρ> father -- [Pokorny pətḗ(r), genitive pətr-és :: father]   -- <παύω> stop, cease -- [Pokorny paus- :: to free, let loose]   -- <παχύς> thick -- [Pokorny bheng̑h-, bhn̥g̑h-, adj. bhn̥g̑hú-s :: fat, thick, dense]   -- <παχύτης> thickness -- [Pokorny bheng̑h-, bhn̥g̑h-, adj. bhn̥g̑hú-s :: fat, thick, dense]   -- <Πελασγικός> Pelasgian -- [Pokorny 1. plā-k- : plə-k-, ple-k- : plō̆-k-, plei-k-, and pelə-g- : plā-g- : plə-g- :: flat, wide, broad; spread out]   -- <πέμπτος> fifth -- [Pokorny penke :: five, fifth]   -- <πέμπω> send -- <περ> indeed -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <περί> around -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πέρ> although -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <περιβάλλω> throw around -- [Pokorny 2. gel-, gelə-, glē- :: to flow, drip down; throw]   -- <πέρθω> destroy, sack -- [Pokorny bheredh-, bhṛdho- :: to cut; board]   -- <περιπέλομαι> revolve -- [Pokorny 1. kel-, kelə- :: to turn; wheel; neck?]   -- <Πέρσης> Persian -- <Πηληιάδης> son of Peleus -- <πλάζω> wander, toss -- <πλάττω> mould, shape -- [Pokorny pelə-, plā- :: plane, flat, wide, broad]   -- <πλεῖστος> most -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πλέω> sail -- [Pokorny pleu- :: to flee, fly, run; flow, swim]   -- <πλήν> except -- [Pokorny 2a. pel-, pelə- : plā- :: to drive, propel, set in motion]   -- <πῖλος> mat -- [Pokorny pi-lo- :: hair, pile, pilus]   -- <ποιέω> make, do -- [Pokorny 2. kei- :: to stow, gather, pile up]   -- <πολεμέω> fight, be at war -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πόλεμος> war -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πολέμιος> enemy -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πολέμιος> hostile, inimical -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πόλις> city -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πολιτική> politics -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πολιτικῶς> like statesmen -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πολύς> many -- [Pokorny 1. pel-, pelə-, plē- :: to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?]   -- <πολύτροπος> much-turned, much-traveled -- [Pokorny 1. trep- :: to trip, tread, trample]   -- <πόνος> grief -- [Pokorny 1. (s)pen(-d)- :: to pull, spin]   -- <πόντος> sea -- [Pokorny pent- :: to go, walk, pad, tread; way, path]   -- <Ποσειδάων> Poseidon -- <πόσις> husband -- [Pokorny poti-s :: host, husband, lord, master, owner]   -- <ποτέ> at some time, ever -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <πότνια> revered, queenly -- [Pokorny poti-s :: host, husband, lord, master, owner]   -- <που> anywhere, perhaps -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <πουλυβότειρα> all nourishing, fruitful -- [Pokorny gou- :: cow, ox, gaur]   -- <ἱππεύς> horseman -- [Pokorny ek̑u̯o-s :: horse]   -- <ἵππος> horse -- [Pokorny ek̑u̯o-s :: horse]   -- <πραγματεία> hard work, affairs -- <Πρίαμος> Priam -- <πράξις> action in actual life -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πράσσω> achieve, manage -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πράττω> achieve, manage -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πρό> before -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <προιάπτω> send forth -- <προαίρεσις> choice -- [Pokorny 1. ser- :: to flow, stream]   -- <προαιρέω> choose -- [Pokorny 1. ser- :: to flow, stream]   -- <προείχω> to be superior, excel -- <προ-λέγω> say beforehand -- [Pokorny leg̑- :: to gather, collect]   -- <προπύλαια> gateway -- <πρός> to -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πρόσωπον> face -- [Pokorny ok- :: to see, ogle; eye]   -- <πρότερον> earlier, before -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πρότερος> first, before -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <προφέρω> bring forth -- [Pokorny 1. bher- :: to bear, bring, carry]   -- <πρῶτον> first -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πρῶτος> first -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πρώτιστα> first of all -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <πτολίεθρον> city -- <πῦρ> fire -- [Pokorny peu̯ōr, pū̆r, genitive pu-n-és, locative puu̯éni :: fire]   -- <πυρίη> vapor bath -- [Pokorny peu̯ōr, pū̆r, genitive pu-n-és, locative puu̯éni :: fire]   -- <πω> yet -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <ῥητορική> rhetoric -- [Pokorny 6. u̯er- :: to speak, talk formally]   -- <ῥητορικῶς> like rhetoricians -- [Pokorny 6. u̯er- :: to speak, talk formally]   -- <ῥίπτω> throw down -- [Pokorny 3i. u̯er-, u̯r-ei- :: to clench the teeth; wroth, confused]   -- <ῥύομαι> save -- [Pokorny 5. u̯er- :: to shut, close, cover; guard, warn, save]   -- <σαφῶς> truly -- <σιδήρεος> of iron -- <σκήπτρον> sceptre -- [Pokorny 2. (s)kē̆p-, (s)kō̆p-, and (s)kā̆p-, (s)kē̆b(h)-, skob(h)-, and skā̆b(h)- :: to cut, shave, split with sharp tool]   -- <Σκύθης> Scythian -- <σπέος> cave, grotto -- <σπέρμα> seed -- [Pokorny 2. (s)p(h)er-, sprei-, spreu- :: to sow, strew, spread, scatter, sprinkle]   -- <σπείρω> sow -- [Pokorny 2. (s)p(h)er-, sprei-, spreu- :: to sow, strew, spread, scatter, sprinkle]   -- <στ́εμμα> wreath, garland -- <στόλος> army -- [Pokorny 3. stel- :: to put, place]   -- <ἱστίον> sail -- <στονόεις> sad, wretched -- [Pokorny 1. (s)ten- :: to drone, groan, thunder, etc.]   -- <ἱστορία> inquiry, history -- [Pokorny 2. u̯(e)id- :: to vide, see, wit, know]   -- <σῖτος> corn, bread -- <στρατεία> expedition -- [Pokorny 5. ster-, sterə- : strē-, steru- : streu- :: to strew, scatter, spread out]   -- <στρατεύω> take the field, attack -- [Pokorny 5. ster-, sterə- : strē-, steru- : streu- :: to strew, scatter, spread out]   -- <στρατηγός> general -- [Pokorny 5. ster-, sterə- : strē-, steru- : streu- :: to strew, scatter, spread out]   -- <στρατός> army -- [Pokorny 5. ster-, sterə- : strē-, steru- : streu- :: to strew, scatter, spread out]   -- <στρατιώτης> soldier -- [Pokorny 5. ster-, sterə- : strē-, steru- : streu- :: to strew, scatter, spread out]   -- <σύ> you -- [Pokorny tū̆ :: thou, you]   -- <συναγείρω> assemble -- [Pokorny 1. ger-, gere- :: to cram, collect, put together]   -- <συνέρχομαι> unite, come together -- [Pokorny 3. er- : or- : r- :: to move, set in motion]   -- <συνίημι> bring together -- [Pokorny i̯ē- : i̯ə- :: to do, throw, project]   -- <σύνοπτος> visible -- [Pokorny ok- :: to see, ogle; eye]   -- <σφεῖς> they -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <σφέτερος> own -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <σφωε> those two -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <σχολή> leisure -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <ἰσχύω> be strong -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <ἴσχω> stay -- [Pokorny seg̑h-, seg̑hi-, seg̑hu- :: to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory]   -- <σῶμα> body -- [Pokorny tēu-, təu-, teu̯ə-, tu̯ō-, tū̆- :: to swell, intumesce]   -- <σωφροσύνη> moderation, discretion -- [Pokorny tēu-, təu-, teu̯ə-, tu̯ō-, tū̆- :: to swell, intumesce]   -- <τι> in any way -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <τάσσω> arrange, put in order -- [Pokorny tāg- :: to tidy up]   -- <ταῦρος> bull -- [Pokorny tēu-, təu-, teu̯ə-, tu̯ō-, tū̆- :: to swell, intumesce]   -- <τάχα> presently, soon -- <τε> and -- [Pokorny 1. ke :: (enclitic) and]   -- <τεκμηριόω> prove positively -- <τελευτέω> finish, die -- [Pokorny 1. kel-, kelə- :: to turn; wheel; neck?]   -- <τελείω> fulfill, complete -- [Pokorny 1. kel-, kelə- :: to turn; wheel; neck?]   -- <τέταρτος> fourth -- [Pokorny ketu̯er-, ketu̯ō̆r-, ketur- (masc.), ketes(o)r- (fem.) :: four, fourth]   -- <τεύχω> make ready, make -- [Pokorny dheugh- :: to milk, press, touch]   -- <τεῖχος> wall -- [Pokorny dheig̑h- :: to build, knead clay]   -- <τίθημι> put, place -- [Pokorny 2. dhē- :: to do, put, place, set]   -- <τό> the -- [Pokorny 1. to-, tā-, ti̯o- :: that, him (neut. or non-nom. demonstrative stem)]   -- <τόλμα> courage, venture -- [Pokorny 1. tel-, telə-, tlē(i)-, tlā- :: to bear, carry; weigh, lift up]   -- <τοιοῦτος> such -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <τοσοῦτος> such -- [Pokorny 4. au-, u- : u̯ē̆-, u̯o- :: other; that (one)]   -- <τραγῳδία> tragedy -- [Pokorny 3. ter-, terə-, and teri-, trēi-, trī-, also teru- : treu- :: to bore, drill, rub, thresh]   -- <τρίβω> skilled, experienced -- [Pokorny 3. ter-, terə-, and teri-, trēi-, trī-, also teru- : treu- :: to bore, drill, rub, thresh]   -- <τρηχύς> rough -- [Pokorny 1. dher-, dherə- :: dirt, dreg, some type of deposit]   -- <Τροίη> Troy -- <τρίτος> third -- [Pokorny trei- :: three, trio]   -- <Τρωικός> Trojan -- <τις> someone, something -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <τίς> who, what -- [Pokorny ko-, ke-, fem. kā, kei- :: (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)]   -- <ὕβρις> violence -- [Pokorny 2. ger-, gerə-, gerəu-, gerī- :: grave, heavy]   -- <ὕδωρ> water -- [Pokorny 9. au̯(e)-, au̯ed-, au̯er- :: to wet, flow, sprinkle; water, river, etc.]   -- <υἱός> son -- [Pokorny 2. seu-, seu̯ə-, sū̆- :: to bear (a child); son]   -- <ὑπερφέρω> surpass -- [Pokorny 1. bher- :: to bear, bring, carry]   -- <Ὑπερίων> Hyperion -- <ὑπό> under, by -- [Pokorny upo, up, eup, (e)up-s- :: under, (from) below, etc.]   -- <ὑποδύω> go under -- [Pokorny 1. deu- :: to sink in, plunge into]   -- <ὑποζύγιον> pack animal -- [Pokorny 2. i̯eu-, i̯eu̯ə-, i̯eu-g- :: to yoke, join, tie together]   -- <ὕστερον> later -- [Pokorny ū̆d- :: out, away, up(wards)]   -- <φαίνω> seem -- [Pokorny 1. bhā-, bhō-, bhə- :: to shine, glisten]   -- <φάρμακον> paint, color -- [Pokorny 3. bher- :: to bore, cut, scrape, use sharp tool]   -- <φέρω> bear, bring, carry -- [Pokorny 1. bher- :: to bear, bring, carry]   -- <φεύγω> escape, flee -- [Pokorny 1. bheug- :: to flee, escape, seek refuge]   -- <φημί> say -- [Pokorny 2. bhā- :: to speak]   -- <φθείρω> perish -- [Pokorny ghðei(ə)- :: to destroy, perish]   -- <ἴφθιμος> valiant -- <φθόνος> envy, ill-will -- [Pokorny gedh- :: to hit, push; harm, injure]   -- <Φθιῶτις> Phthiotis -- <φίλος> dear one, friend -- [Pokorny bhili-, bhilo- :: good, friendly, harmonious]   -- <φίλος> dear, friendly -- [Pokorny bhili-, bhilo- :: good, friendly, harmonious]   -- <φιλόσοφος> wise man -- <φύη> stature -- [Pokorny bheu-, bheu̯ə-, bhu̯ā-, bhu̯ē- : bhō̆u- : bhū- :: to be, exist; grow, prosper]   -- <φύω> grow -- [Pokorny bheu-, bheu̯ə-, bhu̯ā-, bhu̯ē- : bhō̆u- : bhū- :: to be, exist; grow, prosper]   -- <χαλεπός> difficult -- <χάλκειος> of bronze -- [Pokorny ghel(ē̆)g̑h- :: (type of metal)]   -- <χείρ> hand -- [Pokorny g̑hesor-, g̑hesr- :: hand]   -- <χθών> earth -- [Pokorny g̑hðem-, g̑hðom-, genitive-ablative g̑h(ð)m-és :: earth, ground, soil, humus]   -- <χολόω> anger -- [Pokorny 1. g̑hel-, and ghel-?, also as i-, u-, or n-stem; g̑helə-, g̑hlē-, g̑hlō-, g̑hlə- :: to shine, glare, glow; gold, yellow, bright color]   -- <χράομαι> need, use -- [Pokorny 6. g̑her-, g̑herə- : g̑hrē-? :: short, small]   -- <χρόνος> time -- <χρύσεος> golden -- <Χρύσης> Chryses -- <χύδην> at random, promiscuously -- [Pokorny 1. g̑heu- :: to gush, pour, found]   -- <χώρα> land, country -- [Pokorny 1. g̑hē-, g̑hēi- :: to lack, be empty; leave, go out]   -- <χωρίζω> separate -- [Pokorny 1. g̑hē-, g̑hēi- :: to lack, be empty; leave, go out]   -- <ψυχή> soul -- [Pokorny 2. bhes- :: to blow, breathe]   -- <ῶ> Oh -- [Pokorny 2. ō :: O (vocative particle)]   -- <ὠμοβόειος> of raw, untanned oxhide -- [Pokorny om- :: raw, coarse, bitter]   -- <ὦν> indeed -- <ὠρύομαι> howl -- [Pokorny 1. reu-, rēu-, rū̆- :: (onomatopoeic: to roar, rout, round, etc.)]   -- <ὡς> as, thus -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ὡς> so, thus -- [Pokorny 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- :: (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)]   -- <ὥσπερ> as -- [Pokorny 2a. per- :: to pass over/beyond]   -- <ὥστε> like, so that -- [Pokorny se- :: self, one's own]   -- <ὠφελία> aid -- [Pokorny obhel- :: to sweep; multiply]   --

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