Old English Online

English: English Meaning Index

This English Index lists, in alphabetical order, seemingly significant words used in the "general meaning" glosses of Base Forms underlying one or more surface (word) forms in lesson texts. For each English word, base forms having that word in their general meanings are shown, along with links to every usage, in every numbered lesson, of the associated surface forms. With this index, one may click on any link to perform a quick "usage look-up," and thereby study how surface forms in texts are constructed from base forms sharing a general English meaning word. In order to reduce clutter in this index, certain high-frequency English "function" words are ignored unless there are no "content" words in the meaning.

This index was created by software, not by human hand, using lesson materials authored with very few constraints on the expression of "meaning" other than it being in English. Selecting significant words from free-form text via software is a notoriously difficult task. For example, while most meanings in these lessons are expressed as "glosses," some or parts may be comments directed toward the human reader, who is expected to discern the difference. Computer software cannot yet make such subtle linguistic distinctions, so all words in a meaning are treated alike. With few exceptions, then, all words are indexed. The results are neither produced nor presented with any claims to superior linguistic sensitivity, but at least the full meaning texts are shown for your inspection and judgment. Modest effort was invested in tuning the software to ignore [apparently] superfluous, high-frequency words (e.g., the preposition "of") that, in the presence of [apparently] more important words, contribute little or no useful information to an index; unfortunately this may result in some words, in some contexts, being unfairly omitted.




ABANDON : <forlǣtan, forlēt, forlēton, forlǣten> leave, abandon -- ABJECT : <hēan> abject, depressed, miserable -- ABLE : <magan, mæg, magon, meahte> may, be able to -- ABOVE : <uppe> up, above -- ABOVE : <wið uppan> upwards, above -- ACCEPT : <geþicgan, geþeah, geþǣgon, geþegen> take, accept, receive -- ACCEPT : <onfōn, onfēng, onfēngon, onfangen> accept, receive -- ACCOMPLISH : <gewyrcan, geworhte, geworht> perform, achieve, accomplish -- ACCUSE : <cwīðan, cwīðe, cwīðed> accuse; bewail, lament -- ACCUSTOM : <wennan, wenede, wened> accustom; entertain (joyfully) -- ACHIEVE : <gewyrcan, geworhte, geworht> perform, achieve, accomplish -- ACQUIRE : <begietan, begeat, begēaton, begieten> get, acquire -- ACROSS : <ofer> over, across -- ACT : <gedōn> act, do, bring to pass -- ACTION : <dǣd> deed, action -- ADDRESS : <maðelian, maðelode, maðelod> speak, address, harangue -- ADMONISH : <manian, manode, manod> warn, exhort, admonish -- ADORN : <tēon, tēode, tēodod> adorn, settle -- ADVANCE : <gefremman, gefremede, gefremed> advance, further -- ADVANCED : <gelyfed> advanced -- ADVISE : <lǣran, lǣrde, lǣred> teach, advise, exhort -- AETHELGAR : <Æþelgār> Aethelgar -- AFFECTION : <mine> mind, affection -- AFFECTIONS : <brēost-cofa> heart, affections -- AFFLICT : <dreccan, drehte, dreht> afflict, harass -- AFFLICT : <gebrocian, gebrocede, gebroced> crush; hurt, afflict -- AFTER : <æfter> after(wards), then -- AFTERWARDS : <eft> afterwards, thereupon -- AFTERWARDS : <siððan> since, when, afterwards -- AFTERWARDS : <syððan> afterwards -- AGAINST : <ongēan> against, back -- AGAINST : <wið> against, along -- AGAINST : <æt> at, against -- AGE : <yldu> (old) age -- AID : <helpe> help, aid -- ALFRED : <Ælfred> Alfred -- ALIEN : <elðēodig> alien, foreign, strange -- ALIVE : <cwic> quick, alive -- ALL : <eall> all -- ALL : <eall> all, entirely -- ALL : <nā> no, nor, not (at all) -- ALL : <nālæs> not at all -- ALL : <ǣghwilc> all, every -- ALL : <ǣlc> all, any -- ALLOW : <lǣtan, lēt, lēton, lǣten> let, allow -- ALMIGHTY : <ælmihtig> almighty -- ALMOST : <fulnēah> almost, very nearly -- ALMOST : <wel hwǣr> almost everywhere -- ALONE : <ān> alone, single -- ALONG : <emnlange> along -- ALONG : <wið> against, along -- ALONGSIDE : <tōemnes> alongside -- ALSO : <ēac> also, even, moreover -- ALSO : <somod> also, together -- ALTHOUGH : <ðēah ðe> although, even if -- ALWAYS : <ā> always, ever -- ALWAYS : <simle> ever, always -- ALWAYS : <ǣfre> ever, always -- AND : <and> and -- ANGLE : <Angel-cynn> English, lit. Angle kin -- ANGLES : <Ēast-Engle> East Angles, East Anglia -- ANGLIA : <Ēast-Engle> East Angles, East Anglia -- ANGRY : <wrāð> wroth, angry -- ANNOUNCE : <ābēodan, ābēad, ābudon, āboden> bid, announce -- ANSWER : <andswarian, andswarode, andswarod> answer, respond -- ANSWER : <andswaru> answer, response -- ANSWER : <oncweðan, oncwæð, oncwǣdon, oncweden> answer, reply to -- ANXIETY : <brēost-cearu> anxiety, heart-care -- ANXIOUS : <mōd-cearig> anxious, sorrowful, lit. mood-caring -- ANY : <ǣlc> all, any -- ANY : <ǣnig> any -- APPEAR : <ðyncan, ðūhte, geðūht> seem, appear; think -- APPOINT : <gesettan, gesette, geseted> set (out), appoint, establish -- APPROACH : <grētan, grētte, grēted> greet, approach -- APPROACH : <nēalǣcan, nēalǣcte, nēalǣced> approach, draw near -- ARISE : <ārīsan, ārās, ārison, ārisen> arise -- ARK : <earc> ark -- ARMOR : <hyrst> armor, ornament -- ARMY : <here> (enemy) army -- ARMY : <stæl-here> marauding army -- ARMY : <werod> army, band, host -- AROUND : <ymbe> at, around -- ARRANGED : <ārǣd> arranged, inexorable -- ARTERY : <ædre> artery, channel -- AS : <tō> as, for -- AS : <ðē> as -- ASCEND : <gestīgan, gestāh, gestigon, gestigen> mount, ascend -- ASCEND : <stīgan, stāh, stigon, stigen> rise, ascend -- ASH : <æsc> ash (tree), spear; boat, ship -- ASLEEP : <onslǣpan, onslēp, onslēpon, onslǣpen> fall asleep -- ASSEMBLY : <gemōt> meeting, council, assembly -- ATTACK : <storm> storm, tempest; attack -- ATTAIN : <gebīdan, gebād, gebidon, gebiden> remain; await; experience; attain -- ATTEMPT : <onginnan, ongonn, ongunnon, ongunnen> begin, attempt -- ATTRACT : <wēman, wēmde, wēmed> attract, entice, treat -- AWAIT : <gebīdan, gebād, gebidon, gebiden> remain; await; experience; attain -- AWAY : <ā-gān> pass, occur, lit. away go -- AWAY : <fram> away -- BACK : <ongēan> against, back -- BAND : <gebind> band, binding, fastening -- BAND : <werod> army, band, host -- BAND : <ðrēat> band, troop -- BANE : <bana> bane, slayer -- BASE : <ārlēas> base, dishonorable, wicked -- BATTLE : <gewinn> battle, strife, struggle -- BATTLE : <gūð> battle -- BATTLE : <hild> battle, war -- BATTLE : <wīg-plega> battle, lit. war-play -- BATTLE-BOLD : <hilde-dēor> lit. battle-bold -- BATTLE-RESOLVED : <nīð-hēdig> lit. battle-resolved -- BATTLEFIELD : <wæl> carnage; battlefield -- BEACON : <bēcn> beacon, sign -- BEAR : <Bēo-wulf> bear, lit. bee wolf -- BEAR : <beran, bær, bǣron, boren> bear, carry -- BEAT : <bēatan, bēot, bēoton, bēaten> beat, pound, strike -- BEAT : <cnyssan, cnysede, cnysed> beat, strike -- BEAUTIFULLY : <fæger> fairly, beautifully -- BECAUSE : <for þon> because, therefore -- BECAUSE : <for> for, because of -- BECOME : <bēon> be, become, exist -- BECOME : <is> be, become, exist -- BECOME : <weorðan, wearð, wurdon, worden> become, happen -- BEE : <Bēo-wulf> bear, lit. bee wolf -- BEER : <gebēorscipe> feast, beer party -- BEFALL : <limpan, lamp, lumpon, lumpen> befall, happen -- BEFORE : <foran> before, in front -- BEFORE : <fore> for, before -- BEFORE : <gīo> before, of old -- BEFORE : <ǣr> ere, before, formerly -- BEGET : <cennan, cennede, cenned> beget, conceive, bring forth -- BEGIN : <onginnan, ongonn, ongunnon, ongunnen> begin, attempt -- BEGINNING : <ord> source, beginning -- BEHAVIOR : <gebǣre> cry, behavior -- BEHEST : <hǣs> behest, command -- BEHIND : <beæftan> behind -- BELIEVE : <gelīefan, gelīefde, gelīefed> grant; believe, trust -- BELONG : <hīeran, hīerde, hīered> hear, obey; belong -- BELOVED : <dȳre> dear, beloved -- BELOVED : <lēof> lief, dear, beloved -- BEQUEATH : <lǣfan, lǣfde, lǣfed> leave, bequeath -- BEREAVE : <bedrēosan, bedrēas, bedruron, bedroren> bereave, deprive of -- BEREFT : <lēas> without, bereft of -- BERNUFF : <Beornulf> Bernuff -- BERTULF : <Beorhtulf> Bertulf -- BESEECH : <biddan, bæd, bǣdon, beden> bid, beseech, urge -- BESIEGE : <ymbsittan, ymbsæt, ymbsǣton, ymbseten> besiege, lit. sit round -- BESTOW : <unnan, ann, unnon, ūðe> grant, bestow -- BETTER : <sēlla> better -- BETWEEN : <betux> between -- BEWAIL : <cwīðan, cwīðe, cwīðed> accuse; bewail, lament -- BID : <ābēodan, ābēad, ābudon, āboden> bid, announce -- BID : <bēodan, bēad, budon, boden> bid, command, offer -- BID : <biddan, bæd, bǣdon, beden> bid, beseech, urge -- BIDE : <bīdan, bād, bidon, biden> bide, endure, remain -- BILLOW : <wǣg> wave, billow -- BIND : <bindan, bond, bundon, bunden> bind, tie -- BIND : <sǣlan, sǣlde, sǣled> bind -- BINDING : <gebind> band, binding, fastening -- BISHOP : <bisceop> bishop, prelate -- BITTER : <bitre> bitter, sharp -- BLACK : <sweart> dark, black, swarthy -- BLADE : <blǣd> blade, leaf -- BLESS : <segnian, segnade, segnad> bless, consecrate -- BLISS : <bliss> bliss, joy, happiness -- BOARD : <bord> board, shield -- BOARD : <stēor-bord> starboard, lit. stear(ing)-board -- BOAT : <naca> boat, ship -- BOAT : <æsc> ash (tree), spear; boat, ship -- BODY : <duguð> host, body of retainers; glory -- BODY : <feorh-hūs> body, lit. life-house -- BODY : <flǣsc-homa> body -- BODY : <līc-homa> body, flesh -- BOLD : <beadurōf> bold, heroic -- BOLD : <cēne> bold -- BOLD : <from> bold, brave, splendid -- BOLD : <hwætt> bold, valiant -- BOLDLY : <bald-līce> boldly -- BOND : <clom> bond, fetter; grasp -- BOSOM : <bearm> bosom, lap -- BOTH : <bēgen> both -- BOTH : <ge> both...and, either...or -- BOTH : <ǣg-hwæðer> both...and -- BRANDISH : <ācweccan, ācwehte, ācweht> shake, brandish; quiver -- BRAVE : <dēor> brave, valiant -- BRAVE : <from> bold, brave, splendid -- BRAVE : <stīð> stiff, stern, brave -- BRAVELY : <unwāclīce> bravely, unwaveringly -- BREAK : <gebrecan, gebræc, gebrǣcon, gebrocen> break, destroy, subdue -- BREAST : <ferð-loca> breast, heart, lit. spirit enclosure -- BREATH : <blǣd> breath, spirit, life -- BRING : <cennan, cennede, cenned> beget, conceive, bring forth -- BRING : <gedōn> act, do, bring to pass -- BRING : <lǣdan, lǣde, lǣded> lead, bring -- BRITISH : <Bryttisc> British -- BROAD : <brād> broad, open -- BROOCH : <sigle> brooch, jewel, necklace -- BROTHER : <gebrōþor> brother -- BUILD : <betimbran, betimbrede, betimbred> build, construct -- BUILD : <timbran, timbrede, timbred> build, construct -- BURST : <springan, sprang, sprungon, sprungen> spring, burst forth, spread -- BUT : <ac> and, but, however -- BUT : <hwæðere> but, yet, however -- BY : <be> at, by, near -- BY : <gelǣstan, gelǣste, gelǣset> serve, stand by -- BY : <gewunian, gewunode, gewunod> remain with, stand by -- BY : <þurh> through, by (means of) -- BYRHTWOLD : <Byrhtwold> Byrhtwold -- CA : <Cædmon> Ca|edmon -- CALAMITY. : <bealu-sīð> peril, calamity. lit. harm-journey -- CALL : <hātan, heht, hēton, hāten> call, name; order -- CALL : <nemnan, nemde, nemed> name, call -- CAMP : <wician, wīcode, wīcod> camp, lodge -- CAN : <cunnan, cann, cunnon, cūðe> can, know how to -- CARE : <cear> care, sorrow -- CARE : <cearu> care, grief, sorrow -- CARE : <heord> care, custody -- CARE-PLACE : <cear-seld> place of sorrow, care-place -- CARNAGE : <wæl> carnage; battlefield -- CARNAGE : <wælsleaht> slaughter, carnage -- CARRY : <beran, bær, bǣron, boren> bear, carry -- CATTLE : <cēap> cattle -- CATTLE : <feoh-lēas> moneyless, lit. without cattle -- CATTLE : <feoh> cattle, goods, money -- CATTLE-GIFT : <feoh-gift> money-, lit. cattle-gift -- CAUSE : <intinga> cause, reason -- CEOLMUND : <Cēolmund> Ceolmund -- CERTAIN : <sum> some, a certain -- CHAMBER : <hord-cofa> treasure chamber, lit. hoard cove -- CHANNEL : <ædre> artery, channel -- CHEER : <byldan, bylde, bylded> cheer, encourage -- CHEER : <frēfran, frēfrede, frēfred> cheer, comfort -- CHILD : <bearn> child -- CHILL : <frēorig> chill, cold, freezing -- CLEARLY : <sweotole> clearly, plainly -- CLEVER : <fore-snotor> clever, prudent -- CLIFF : <clif> cliff -- CLIFF : <hlið> cliff, hill -- CLIFF : <stān-clif> stony cliff -- CLOSE : <belūcan, belēac, belucon, belocen> close, lock, shut -- COLD : <ceald> cold -- COLD : <frēorig> chill, cold, freezing -- COME : <cuman, cwōm, cwōmon, cumen> come -- COMFORT : <frēfran, frēfrede, frēfred> cheer, comfort -- COMMAND : <bebēodan, bebēad, bebudon, beboden> command, instruct -- COMMAND : <bēodan, bēad, budon, boden> bid, command, offer -- COMMAND : <hǣs> behest, command -- COMMOTION : <gelāc> tumult, commotion -- COMPANION : <gefēra> companion, comrade -- COMPANION : <genēat> companion, retainer -- COMPANION : <wilgesīð> dear companion -- COMPLETELY : <ful> fully, completely -- COMPOSE : <singan, sang, sungon, sungen> sing, compose -- COMRADE : <gefēra> companion, comrade -- CONCEAL : <bewrēon, biwrāh, biwrigon, biwrigen> cover, conceal -- CONCEAL : <ðeccan, ðeahte, ðeaht> cover, conceal -- CONCEALMENT : <heolstor> cover, concealment -- CONCEIVE : <cennan, cennede, cenned> beget, conceive, bring forth -- CONCEPTION : <mōdgeþonc> conception, purpose -- CONFIDANT : <gehola> friend, confidant, protector -- CONSECRATE : <segnian, segnade, segnad> bless, consecrate -- CONSOLATION : <frōfor> relief, solace, consolation -- CONSTRUCT : <betimbran, betimbrede, betimbred> build, construct -- CONSTRUCT : <bewyrcan, beworhte, beworht> work, construct, cover -- CONSTRUCT : <timbran, timbrede, timbred> build, construct -- CORN : <corn> corn, grain -- COUNCIL : <gemōt> meeting, council, assembly -- COUNTRY : <lond> land, realm, country -- COURAGE : <ellen-weorc> work of courage -- COURAGE : <ellen> valor, courage -- COURT : <hof> court; dwelling -- COVE : <hord-cofa> treasure chamber, lit. hoard cove -- COVER : <bewrēon, biwrāh, biwrigon, biwrigen> cover, conceal -- COVER : <bewyrcan, beworhte, beworht> work, construct, cover -- COVER : <heolstor> cover, concealment -- COVER : <nihts-cūa> night's cover -- COVER : <wrēon, wrāh, wrigon, wrigen> hide, cover -- COVER : <ðeccan, ðeahte, ðeaht> cover, conceal -- COW : <nēat> ox, cow -- CREATE : <gescieppan, gescōp, gescōpon, gesceapen> shape, create -- CREATION : <frumsceaft> creation -- CREATOR : <metod> creator -- CREATOR : <scieppend> shaper, creator -- CRINGE : <cringan, crong, crungon, crungen> cringe, yield; die -- CRINGE : <gecringan, gecranc, gecrungon, gecrungen> cringe, fall, perish -- CROWD : <þringan, þrong, þrungon, þrungen> throng, crowd, press -- CROWN : <bēag> ring, crown -- CRUEL : <rēðe> fierce, cruel -- CRUEL : <slīðen> cruel, dire, evil -- CRUEL : <wællgrim> fierce, cruel -- CRUSH : <gebrocian, gebrocede, gebroced> crush; hurt, afflict -- CRY : <gebǣre> cry, behavior -- CURLEW : <hwilpe> curlew? water-bird -- CURRENT : <ēagor-strēam> sea-stream, current -- CUSTODY : <heord> care, custody -- CUSTOM : <ðēaw> habit, custom -- CUT : <forhēawan, forhēow, forhēowon, forhēawen> hew, cut down -- CUT : <hēawan, hēow, hēowon, hēawen> hew, cut down, kill -- CWENA : <Cwēnas> Cwenas, Cwena people -- CWENAS : <Cwēnas> Cwenas, Cwena people -- DANISH : <Denisc> Danish -- DANISH : <Scedeland> Danish land -- DARE : <durran, dearr, durron, dorste> dare -- DARK : <nīpan, nāp, nipon, nipen> grow dark, obscure -- DARK : <sweart> dark, black, swarthy -- DARK : <wonn> dark -- DAWN : <ūhta> dawn, twilight -- DAY : <dæg> day -- DAY : <geswinc-dæg> day of toil -- DEADLY : <wæl-spere> deadly spear -- DEAR : <dȳre> dear, beloved -- DEAR : <lēof> lief, dear, beloved -- DEAR : <wilgesīð> dear companion -- DEAR : <wine-mǣg> dear-, lit. friend-kinsman -- DEATH : <hryre> death, fall, ruin -- DECISION : <dōm> doom, decision; glory -- DEED : <dǣd> deed, action -- DEED : <lof-dǣd> praiseworthy deed -- DEED : <weorc> work, deed -- DEEDS : <eorlscipe> nobility, heroic deeds -- DEEM : <dēman, dēmde, dēmed> deem, judge; praise -- DEFEND : <werian, werede, wered> wear; defend, protect -- DEITY : <God> God, Deity -- DELIGHT : <wynn> joy, delight -- DELUGE : <flōd> flood, deluge -- DENY : <oftēon, oftēah, oftugon, oftogen> deny, deprive -- DEPART : <forð-fēran, forð-fērde, forð-fēred> die, depart, lit. go forth -- DEPART : <gewītan, gewāt, gewiton, gewiten> depart, go -- DEPRESSED : <hēan> abject, depressed, miserable -- DEPRIVE : <bedrēosan, bedrēas, bedruron, bedroren> bereave, deprive of -- DEPRIVE : <bedǣlan, bidǣlde, bidǣled> deprive, release -- DEPRIVE : <oftēon, oftēah, oftugon, oftogen> deny, deprive -- DESIRE : <gesēcan, gesōhte, gesōht> seek, desire -- DESIRE : <lust> lust, desire, pleasure -- DESIRE : <sēcan, sōhte, sōht> seek, desire -- DESPISE : <hȳnan, hȳnde, hȳned> despise, injure, insult -- DESTINY : <wyrd> fate, destiny -- DESTITUTE : <fēasceaft> poor, destitute -- DESTITUTE : <fēasceaftig> poor, destitute -- DESTROY : <gebrecan, gebræc, gebrǣcon, gebrocen> break, destroy, subdue -- DESTROY : <ofslean, ofslōh, ofslōgon, ofslægen> slay, destroy -- DEVONIANS : <Defenas> Devonians, Devonshire -- DEVONSHIRE : <Defenas> Devonians, Devonshire -- DEWEY-FEATHERED : <ūrig-feðera> lit. dewey-feathered -- DIE : <cringan, crong, crungon, crungen> cringe, yield; die -- DIE : <forð-fēran, forð-fērde, forð-fēred> die, depart, lit. go forth -- DIMINISH : <lȳtlian, lȳtlode, lȳtlod> lessen, diminish -- DIRE : <atol> dire, repulsive -- DIRE : <fyren-ðearf> dire distress -- DIRE : <slīðen> cruel, dire, evil -- DIRECT : <wealdan, wēold, wēoldon, wealden> wield, direct -- DISEASE : <cwild> disease, plague, pestilence -- DISGRACEFULLY : <unhēanlīce> not disgracefully, not ignobly -- DISHONORABLE : <ārlēas> base, dishonorable, wicked -- DISPERSE : <tō-faran, tō-fōr, tō-fōron, tō-faren> disperse, separate -- DISTINGUISHED : <geðungen> grown, excellent, distinguished -- DISTRESS : <fyren-ðearf> dire distress -- DISTRESS : <sorg> sorrow, grief, distress -- DISTRIBUTOR : <brytta> giver, distributor -- DISTRICT : <scīr> shire, district, division -- DISTURBANCE : <unstilnes> disturbance, tumult -- DIVISION : <scīr> shire, district, division -- DO : <dōn> do, make -- DO : <fremman, fremede, fremed> do, perform -- DO : <gedōn> act, do, bring to pass -- DOOM : <dōm> doom, decision; glory -- DOOMED : <fǣge> doomed, fated -- DOOR : <duru> door -- DORCHESTER : <Dorce-ceastre> Dorchester -- DOWN : <forhēawan, forhēow, forhēowon, forhēawen> hew, cut down -- DOWN : <hēawan, hēow, hēowon, hēawen> hew, cut down, kill -- DRAW : <nēalǣcan, nēalǣcte, nēalǣced> approach, draw near -- DREAM : <swefn> dream -- DREARILY : <drēorig> drearily, sadly -- DREARY : <drēorig> dreary, sad -- DRIVE : <cnossian, cnossode, cnossod> drive, pitch -- DRY : <drȳge> dry -- DUST : <grēot> grit, dust, earth -- DWELL : <būan, būde, bȳne> dwell, live -- DWELL : <eardian, eardode, eardod> live, dwell -- DWELL : <wunian, wunode, wunod> dwell, live, remain -- DWELLING : <geard> yard, enclosure; dwelling -- DWELLING : <hof> court; dwelling -- EACH : <gehwā> each, everyone -- EACH : <gehwylc> each, every one -- EADULF : <Ēadulf> Eadulf -- EAGER : <lof-georn> eager for praise -- EAGLE : <earn> eagle -- EALDWOLD : <Ealdwold> Ealdwold -- EARL : <eorl> earl, nobleman, warrior -- EARTH : <eorð> earth -- EARTH : <folde> earth, ground -- EARTH : <grēot> grit, dust, earth -- EARTH : <grund> ground, earth -- EARTH : <hrūse> earth, ground -- EARTH-STEPPER : <eard-stapa> wanderer, lit. earth-stepper -- EARTHLY : <worold-cyning> earthly king -- EAST : <Ēast-Engle> East Angles, East Anglia -- EAST : <Ēast-Seaxan> East Saxons, Essex -- EAST : <wið ēastan> to the east -- EASTWARD : <ēast-weard> eastward -- EASY : <lēoht> light, easy -- EDMON : <Cædmon> Ca|edmon -- EGULF : <Ecgulf> Egulf -- EITHER : <āhwæþer> either -- EITHER : <ge> both...and, either...or -- ELDER : <ealdor> elder, parent, prince -- ELEGY : <wordgyd> lay, elegy -- ELHARD : <Ealhheard> Elhard -- EMPLOY : <nēotan, nēat, nudon, noden> use, employ -- ENCLOSURE : <burg> enclosure, stonghold -- ENCLOSURE : <ferð-loca> breast, heart, lit. spirit enclosure -- ENCLOSURE : <geard> yard, enclosure; dwelling -- ENCOURAGE : <byldan, bylde, bylded> cheer, encourage -- ENCOURAGE : <trymian, trymede, trymed> exhort, encourage -- ENDURE : <bīdan, bād, bidon, biden> bide, endure, remain -- ENDURE : <drēogan, drēag, drugon, drogen> endure, suffer -- ENDURE : <ðolian, ðolade, ðolad> endure, hold out -- ENDURE : <ðrōwian, ðrōwade, ðrōwad> endure, suffer -- ENEMY : <here> (enemy) army -- ENEMY : <sceaða> enemy, warrior -- ENGLISH : <Angel-cynn> English, lit. Angle kin -- ENMITY : <nīð> enmity, hostility -- ENRAGE : <gegremian, gegremode, gegremod> enrage -- ENTERTAIN : <wennan, wenede, wened> accustom; entertain (joyfully) -- ENTERTAINMENT : <gomen> pastime, pleasure, entertainment -- ENTICE : <wēman, wēmde, wēmed> attract, entice, treat -- ENTIRELY : <eall> all, entirely -- ERE : <ǣr> ere, before, formerly -- ESCAPE : <oðwindan, oðwand, oðwundon, oðwunden> escape -- ESSEX : <Ēast-Seaxan> East Saxons, Essex -- ESTABLISH : <gesettan, gesette, geseted> set (out), appoint, establish -- ESTABLISH : <onstellan, onstealde, onsteled> establish, institute -- ESTEEM : <eahtian, eahtode, eahtod> praise, esteem -- ESTEEM : <onmunan, onman, onmunon, onmunde> esteem, remember, think worthy -- ESTUARY : <mūða> mouth of a river, estuary -- ETERNAL : <ēce> eternal, everlasting -- EVEN : <ēac> also, even, moreover -- EVEN : <ðēah ðe> although, even if -- EVER : <ā> always, ever -- EVER : <simle> ever, always -- EVER : <ǣfre> ever, always -- EVERLASTING : <ēce> eternal, everlasting -- EVERY : <gehwylc> each, every one -- EVERY : <gehwær> on every side, everywhere -- EVERY : <ǣghwilc> all, every -- EVERYONE : <gehwā> each, everyone -- EVERYWHERE : <gehwær> on every side, everywhere -- EVERYWHERE : <wel hwǣr> almost everywhere -- EVIL : <slīðen> cruel, dire, evil -- EVIL : <yfel> evil, mischief, wickedness -- EXCEEDINGLY : <swīðe> very, exceedingly -- EXCELLENT : <geðungen> grown, excellent, distinguished -- EXCELLENT : <gōd> good, excellent -- EXCEPT : <būton> unless; except (that) -- EXCEPT : <būton> without, except for -- EXCESSIVELY : <forswīðe> utterly, excessively -- EXHAUSTED : <wērig> weary, exhausted -- EXHORT : <lǣran, lǣrde, lǣred> teach, advise, exhort -- EXHORT : <manian, manode, manod> warn, exhort, admonish -- EXHORT : <trymian, trymede, trymed> exhort, encourage -- EXILE : <wrecca> wretch, exile -- EXILE : <wræc-lāst> path of exile, lit. misery track -- EXIST : <bēon> be, become, exist -- EXIST : <is> be, become, exist -- EXPERIENCE : <cunnian, cunnode, cunnod> seek, explore, experience -- EXPERIENCE : <gebīdan, gebād, gebidon, gebiden> remain; await; experience; attain -- EXPERIENCED : <frōd> old, wise, experienced -- EXPLORE : <cunnian, cunnode, cunnod> seek, explore, experience -- EXTEND : <licgan, læg, lǣgon, legen> lie, extend, be situated -- EXTENSIVE : <sīd> wide, extensive -- EXTOL : <herian, herede, hered> praise, extol -- FAIL : <gedrēosan, gedrēas, gedruron, gedroren> fall, fail -- FAIR : <ambyr> favorable, fair -- FAIRLY : <fæger> fairly, beautifully -- FALL : <feallan, fēoll, fēollon, feallen> fall, flow -- FALL : <gecringan, gecranc, gecrungon, gecrungen> cringe, fall, perish -- FALL : <gedrēosan, gedrēas, gedruron, gedroren> fall, fail -- FALL : <hryre> death, fall, ruin -- FALL : <onslǣpan, onslēp, onslēpon, onslǣpen> fall asleep -- FAMOUS : <brēme> famous, renowned -- FAR : <feor> far (from) -- FAR : <oð> until, up to, as far as -- FAR : <wīde> widely, far -- FAST : <fæste> fast, firmly, securely -- FASTENING : <gebind> band, binding, fastening -- FATE : <wyrd> fate, destiny -- FATED : <fǣge> doomed, fated -- FATHER : <fæder> father -- FAVOR : <ār> honor, favor -- FAVOR : <giefu> gift, favor -- FAVOR : <milts> mercy, favor, kindness -- FAVORABLE : <ambyr> favorable, fair -- FAVORABLE : <hold> gracious, favorable -- FEAST : <gebēorscipe> feast, beer party -- FEAST : <symbel> feast -- FEAST : <wist> feast, food, provision -- FERVID : <hāt> hot, fervid -- FETTER : <clom> bond, fetter; grasp -- FETTER : <fetor> fetter, shackle -- FIERCE : <hrēo> fierce, wild, savage -- FIERCE : <rēðe> fierce, cruel -- FIERCE : <wællgrim> fierce, cruel -- FIGHT : <feohtan, feaht, fuhton, fohten> fight -- FIND : <findan, fond, fundon, funden> find -- FIND : <mētan, mētte, mēted> meet, find -- FIND : <onfindan, onfond, onfundon, onfunden> find out, realize -- FINNS : <Finnas> Finns -- FIRE : <brand> fire, flame -- FIRMLY : <fæste> fast, firmly, securely -- FIRST : <forma> first -- FITTING : <gedēfe> fitting, seemly -- FIVE : <fīf> five -- FLAME : <brand> fire, flame -- FLEE : <flēogan, flēag, flugon, flogen> flee, fly -- FLEE : <forbūgan, forbēah, forbugon, forbogen> flee from -- FLESH : <līc-homa> body, flesh -- FLOOD : <flōd> flood, deluge -- FLOW : <feallan, fēoll, fēollon, feallen> fall, flow -- FLY : <flēogan, flēag, flugon, flogen> flee, fly -- FOLK : <folc> folk, people -- FOLLOW : <folgian, folgode, folgod> follow, obey, serve -- FOOD : <wist> feast, food, provision -- FOOD-GIVER : <æt-gifa> food-giver -- FOOT : <fōt> foot -- FOOTPRINT : <lāst> track, footprint -- FOR : <tō> as, for -- FORCE : <wrecan, wræc, wræcon, wrecen> wreak, force; tell, utter -- FOREIGN : <elðēodig> alien, foreign, strange -- FORMERLY : <ǣr> ere, before, formerly -- FORTH : <cennan, cennede, cenned> beget, conceive, bring forth -- FORTH : <forð-fēran, forð-fērde, forð-fēred> die, depart, lit. go forth -- FORTH : <forð> forth, thence -- FORTH : <springan, sprang, sprungon, sprungen> spring, burst forth, spread -- FORTY : <fēowertig> forty -- FREE : <frēo-mǣg> noble (lit. free) kinsman -- FREEZING : <frēorig> chill, cold, freezing -- FREQUENTLY : <oft> often, frequently -- FRESH : <fersc> fresh -- FRESH : <nīwe> new, fresh -- FRIEND : <gehola> friend, confidant, protector -- FRIEND-KINSMAN : <wine-mǣg> dear-, lit. friend-kinsman -- FRIEND-LESS : <frēond-lēas> friend-less -- FRIEND-LORD : <wine-dryhten> lit. friend-lord -- FRISIAN : <Frēsisc> Frisian -- FROM : <fram> from -- FROM : <of> from, of -- FRONT : <for-faran, for-fōr, for-fōron, for-faren> obstruct, get in front of -- FRONT : <foran> before, in front -- FROST : <forst> frost -- FROSTY : <hrīm-ceald> ice-cold, frosty -- FULL : <nearu> narrow; full of hardship -- FULLY : <ful> fully, completely -- FURTHER : <gefremman, gefremede, gefremed> advance, further -- FURTHER : <gēn> still, yet, further -- GANNET : <ganot> gannet, goose -- GATE : <geat> gate -- GEAT : <Gēat> Geat -- GENTLE : <milde> mild, gentle -- GENTLE : <monðwǣre> kind, gentle -- GET : <begietan, begeat, begēaton, begieten> get, acquire -- GET : <for-faran, for-fōr, for-fōron, for-faren> obstruct, get in front of -- GIFT : <giefu> gift, favor -- GIVE : <forgifan, forgeaf, forgēafon, forgiefen> give, grant -- GIVER : <brytta> giver, distributor -- GLORY : <dōm> doom, decision; glory -- GLORY : <duguð> host, body of retainers; glory -- GLORY : <weorðmynd> glory, honor, reverence -- GLORY : <wuldor> glory, praise -- GLORY : <þrymm> glory, renown -- GLORY-DESIROUS : <dōm-georn> lit. glory-desirous -- GO : <ā-gān> pass, occur, lit. away go -- GO : <faran, fōr, fōron, faren> go, ride, travel -- GO : <fēran, fērde, fēred> go, travel -- GO : <forð-fēran, forð-fērde, forð-fēred> die, depart, lit. go forth -- GO : <gān> go, walk, move -- GO : <gefaran, gefōr, gefōron, gefaren> go, proceed -- GO : <gewītan, gewāt, gewiton, gewiten> depart, go -- GO : <gongan, gēong, gēongon, gongen> go, walk -- GO : <wendan, wende, wended> wend, turn, go -- GOD : <God> God, Deity -- GODRIC : <Godrīc> Godric -- GODSON : <godsunu> godson -- GOLD : <gold> gold -- GOLD-FRIEND : <gold-wine> lit. gold-friend -- GOOD : <gōd> good, excellent -- GOODS : <feoh> cattle, goods, money -- GOOSE : <ganot> gannet, goose -- GOTH : <Got-land> Goth land -- GRACE : <ðanc> thanks, grace, mercy -- GRACIOUS : <hold> gracious, favorable -- GRACIOUS : <līðe> kind, gracious -- GRAIN : <corn> corn, grain -- GRANT : <forgifan, forgeaf, forgēafon, forgiefen> give, grant -- GRANT : <gelīefan, gelīefde, gelīefed> grant; believe, trust -- GRANT : <unnan, ann, unnon, ūðe> grant, bestow -- GRASP : <clom> bond, fetter; grasp -- GRASP : <grīpan, grāp, gripon, gripen> grasp, seize -- GRASP : <ongietan, ongeat, ongēaton, ongieten> grasp, understand -- GRAZE : <ettan, ettede, etted> graze, pasture -- GREAT : <mā> great, stout -- GREAT : <micel> much, great -- GREET : <grētan, grētte, grēted> greet, approach -- GRIEF : <cearu> care, grief, sorrow -- GRIEF : <sorg> sorrow, grief, distress -- GRIT : <grēot> grit, dust, earth -- GROUND : <folde> earth, ground -- GROUND : <grund> ground, earth -- GROUND : <hrūse> earth, ground -- GROW : <nīpan, nāp, nipon, nipen> grow dark, obscure -- GROW : <weaxan, wēox, wēoxon, wēaxen> wax, grow -- GROWN : <geðungen> grown, excellent, distinguished -- GUARD : <warian, warode, warod> guard, protect, occupy -- GUARD : <weard> ward, guard, keeper -- HABIT : <ðēaw> habit, custom -- HAIL : <hagol> hail -- HAIL : <hālettan, hālette, hāleted> hail, salute -- HALF : <healf> half, part, side -- HALL : <sele-secg> retainer, lit. hall hero -- HALL : <sele> hall, house -- HAMPSHIRE : <Hāmtūn-scīr> Hampshire -- HAND : <hond> hand -- HAND : <mund> hand -- HANG : <behōn, behēng, behēngon, behongen> hang round -- HAPPEN : <limpan, lamp, lumpon, lumpen> befall, happen -- HAPPEN : <weorðan, wearð, wurdon, worden> become, happen -- HAPPEN : <wesan> be, happen -- HAPPINESS : <bliss> bliss, joy, happiness -- HARANGUE : <maðelian, maðelode, maðelod> speak, address, harangue -- HARASS : <dreccan, drehte, dreht> afflict, harass -- HARBOR : <port> port, harbor -- HARDSHIP : <earfeðe> hardship, suffering -- HARDSHIP : <nearu> narrow; full of hardship -- HARDSHIP-TIME : <earfoð-hwīl> lit. hardship-time -- HARM-JOURNEY : <bealu-sīð> peril, calamity. lit. harm-journey -- HARP : <hearpe> harp -- HARRY : <hergian, hergode, gehergod> harry, raid, ravage -- HASTEN : <rǣsan, rǣsde, rǣsed> rush, hasten -- HASTY : <hraðe> quick, hasty -- HAUGHTY : <mōd-wlonc> haughty, lit. mood-proud -- HAVE : <āgan, āh, āgon, āhte> have, possess -- HAVE : <habban, hæfde, hæfd> have, possess -- HE : <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it -- HE : <sē, sēo, ðæt> he, she, it -- HEAR : <gefrīnan, gefrān, gefrūnon, gefrūnen> learn, hear of -- HEAR : <gehīeran, gehīerede, gehīered> hear (of) -- HEAR : <hīeran, hīerde, hīered> hear, obey; belong -- HEART : <brēost-cofa> heart, affections -- HEART : <ferð-loca> breast, heart, lit. spirit enclosure -- HEART : <heorte> heart -- HEART : <hyge> heart, mind, soul -- HEART-CARE : <brēost-cearu> anxiety, heart-care -- HEARTH-COMPANION : <heorð-genēat> lit. hearth-companion -- HEAVEN : <heofon-rīce> kingdom of heaven -- HEAVEN : <heofon> heaven, sky -- HEAVEN : <rodor> sky, heaven -- HEAVEN : <wolcen> sky, heaven -- HEEL : <hōh> heel; promontory -- HEIR : <eafora> son, heir -- HELGELAND : <Hālgo-land> Helgeland -- HELP : <helpe> help, aid -- HENCE : <heonon> hence -- HERE : <hēr> here -- HERE : <hider> here, hither -- HERO : <guma> man, hero -- HERO : <sele-secg> retainer, lit. hall hero -- HEROIC : <beadurōf> bold, heroic -- HEROIC : <eorlscipe> nobility, heroic deeds -- HEW : <forhēawan, forhēow, forhēowon, forhēawen> hew, cut down -- HEW : <hēawan, hēow, hēowon, hēawen> hew, cut down, kill -- HIDE : <wrēon, wrāh, wrigon, wrigen> hide, cover -- HIGH : <hēah> high -- HILL : <beorg> hill, mountain -- HILL : <hlið> cliff, hill -- HITHER : <hider> here, hither -- HOAR-FROST : <hrīm> rime, hoar-frost -- HOARD : <hord-cofa> treasure chamber, lit. hoard cove -- HOARD : <hord> hoard, treasure -- HOLD : <healdan, hēold, hēoldon, lealden> hold, retain, preserve -- HOLD : <ðolian, ðolade, ðolad> endure, hold out -- HOLY : <hālig> holy -- HOME : <eard> home, land -- HOME : <ēðel> home, native land -- HOME : <hām> home, homewards -- HOMEWARDS : <hām> home, homewards -- HONOR : <ār> honor, favor -- HONOR : <weorðmynd> glory, honor, reverence -- HONOR : <worold-ār> worldly honor -- HONORABLY : <weorðlīc> worthily, honorably -- HORSE-THANE : <hors-þegn> horse-thane -- HOST : <duguð> host, body of retainers; glory -- HOST : <werod> army, band, host -- HOSTAGE : <gīsel> hostage -- HOSTILITY : <nīð> enmity, hostility -- HOT : <hāt> hot, fervid -- HOUSE : <hūs> house -- HOUSE : <sele> hall, house -- HOW : <cunnan, cann, cunnon, cūðe> can, know how to -- HOW : <hū> how -- HOWEVER : <ac> and, but, however -- HOWEVER : <hwæðere> but, yet, however -- HOWEVER : <þēah> yet, though, however -- HUNDRED : <hund> hundred -- HUNDRED : <siex-hund> six hundred -- HUNGER : <hungor> hunger -- HURT : <gebrocian, gebrocede, gebroced> crush; hurt, afflict -- ICE-COLD : <hrīm-ceald> ice-cold, frosty -- ICE-COLD : <īs-ceald> ice-cold -- ICICLE : <hrīm-gicel> icicle -- ICY-FEATHERED : <īsig-feðera> lit. icy-feathered -- IF : <gif> if -- IF : <ðēah ðe> although, even if -- IGNOBLY : <unhēanlīce> not disgracefully, not ignobly -- IMMEDIATELY : <sōna> immediately -- IN : <tō> (in)to -- INEXORABLE : <ārǣd> arranged, inexorable -- ING : <stēor-bord> starboard, lit. stear(ing)-board -- INHABITED : <bȳn> inhabited, occupied -- INJURE : <hȳnan, hȳnde, hȳned> despise, injure, insult -- INJURY : <hygeteona> injury, insult -- INSTITUTE : <onstellan, onstealde, onsteled> establish, institute -- INSTRUCT : <bebēodan, bebēad, bebudon, beboden> command, instruct -- INSULT : <hygeteona> injury, insult -- INSULT : <hȳnan, hȳnde, hȳned> despise, injure, insult -- INTEND : <ðencan, ðōhte, ðōht> think, intend, resolve -- INTO : <in> in, into -- INTOXICATED : <wīn-gāl> intoxicated, lit. wine-gay -- IRELAND : <Īra-land> Ireland -- ISLAND : <īglond> island -- ISLE : <Wiht> (Isle of) Wight -- IT : <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it -- IT : <sē, sēo, ðæt> he, she, it -- JEWEL : <sigle> brooch, jewel, necklace -- JEWELS : <sinc> jewels, riches, treasure -- JOURNEY : <lagu-lād> water-way, ocean journey -- JOURNEY : <sīð> journey, voyage -- JOY : <bliss> bliss, joy, happiness -- JOY : <wynn> joy, delight -- JOYFULLY : <wennan, wenede, wened> accustom; entertain (joyfully) -- JUBILATION : <hleahtor> laughter, jubilation -- JUDGE : <dēman, dēmde, dēmed> deem, judge; praise -- KEEL : <cēol> keel (of a ship) -- KEEPER : <weard> ward, guard, keeper -- KENT : <Cent> Kent -- KILL : <hēawan, hēow, hēowon, hēawen> hew, cut down, kill -- KIN : <Angel-cynn> English, lit. Angle kin -- KIND : <līðe> kind, gracious -- KIND : <monðwǣre> kind, gentle -- KINDNESS : <milts> mercy, favor, kindness -- KING : <cyning> king -- KING : <worold-cyning> earthly king -- KINGDOM : <heofon-rīce> kingdom of heaven -- KINGDOM : <rīce> kingdom, reign -- KINSMAN : <frēo-mǣg> noble (lit. free) kinsman -- KINSMAN : <mǣg> kinsman -- KNOW : <cunnan, cann, cunnon, cūðe> can, know how to -- KNOW : <gecunnian, gecunnade, gecunnad> know; try, test, make trial of -- KNOW : <witan, wāt, witon, wiste> know, observe -- KNOWN : <cȳðan, cȳðde, cȳðed> reveal, make known -- LAKE : <mere> mere, lake, sea -- LAKE : <sǣ> sea, lake -- LAMECH : <Lamech> Lamech -- LAMENT : <begnornian, begnornode, begnornod> mourn, lament -- LAMENT : <cwīðan, cwīðe, cwīðed> accuse; bewail, lament -- LAMENT : <gnornian, gnornode, gnornod> mourn, lament -- LAMENT : <seofian, seofade, seofad> sigh, lament -- LAND : <Got-land> Goth land -- LAND : <Scedeland> Danish land -- LAND : <eard> home, land -- LAND : <ēðel-land> native land -- LAND : <ēðel> home, native land -- LAND : <lond> land, realm, country -- LANE : <brim-lād> path of the sea, lit. sea lane -- LAP : <bearm> bosom, lap -- LARBOARD : <bæc-bord> larboard, port side -- LAUGHTER : <hleahtor> laughter, jubilation -- LAY : <wordgyd> lay, elegy -- LEAD : <lǣdan, lǣde, lǣded> lead, bring -- LEADING : <Norðweg> Norway, lit. way leading north -- LEAF : <blǣd> blade, leaf -- LEARN : <gefrīnan, gefrān, gefrūnon, gefrūnen> learn, hear of -- LEARN : <geleornian, geleornode, geleornod> learn, study -- LEAVE : <forlǣtan, forlēt, forlēton, forlǣten> leave, abandon -- LEAVE : <lǣfan, lǣfde, lǣfed> leave, bequeath -- LEFT : <lāf> remnant, what is left -- LESSEN : <lȳtlian, lȳtlode, lȳtlod> lessen, diminish -- LET : <lǣtan, lēt, lēton, lǣten> let, allow -- LIE : <licgan, læg, lǣgon, legen> lie, extend, be situated -- LIEF : <lēof> lief, dear, beloved -- LIFE : <blǣd> breath, spirit, life -- LIFE : <feorh> life -- LIFE : <līf> life -- LIFE : <weorold hād> secular life -- LIFE-HOUSE : <feorh-hūs> body, lit. life-house -- LIFE-LORD : <Līf-frea͡> lit. Life-lord -- LIFT : <āhebban, āhōf, āhōfon, āhafen> raise, lift up -- LIFT : <hafenian, hafenode, hafenod> raise, lift up -- LIGHT : <lēoht> light, easy -- LIKEWISE : <swilce> such (manner), thus, likewise -- LIMB : <lim> limb -- LITTLE : <hwōn> somewhat, a little -- LITTLE : <lȳt> little, small number -- LITTLE : <lȳtel> little, small -- LIVE : <būan, būde, bȳne> dwell, live -- LIVE : <eardian, eardode, eardod> live, dwell -- LIVE : <libban, lifde, lifd> live -- LIVE : <wunian, wunode, wunod> dwell, live, remain -- LOCK : <belūcan, belēac, belucon, belocen> close, lock, shut -- LODGE : <wician, wīcode, wīcod> camp, lodge -- LONG : <geāra> yore, long since -- LONG : <lang> long -- LONG : <longe> for long (time) -- LOOK : <locian, locode, locod> look -- LOOK : <sēon, seah, sǣgon, segen> see, look -- LORD : <drihten> lord, prince, ruler -- LORD : <frēa> lord, master -- LORD : <hlāford> lord, master -- LORD : <wealdend> wielder, ruler, lord -- LOVE : <frēogan, frēoge, frēog> love -- LUST : <lust> lust, desire, pleasure -- MAKE : <cȳðan, cȳðde, cȳðed> reveal, make known -- MAKE : <dōn> do, make -- MAKE : <gecunnian, gecunnade, gecunnad> know; try, test, make trial of -- MAN : <beorn> man, nobleman -- MAN : <brim-man> sailor, lit. sea man -- MAN : <ealdor-monn> nobleman, lit. older man -- MAN : <guma> man, hero -- MAN : <monn> man, person -- MAN : <secg> man, warrior -- MAN : <wer> man -- MANKIND : <monn-cynn> mankind -- MANNER : <swilce> such (manner), thus, likewise -- MANY : <fela> much, many -- MANY : <monig> many -- MANY : <mænig> many -- MARAUDING : <stæl-here> marauding army -- MASTER : <frēa> lord, master -- MASTER : <hlāford> lord, master -- MAY : <magan, mæg, magon, meahte> may, be able to -- MEAD-DRINK : <medu-drinc> mead-drink -- MEAD-HALL : <medu-heall> mead-hall -- MEAD-SEAT : <medu-setl> lit. mead-seat -- MEANS : <spēd> means, riches, success -- MEANS : <þurh> through, by (means of) -- MEET : <mētan, mētte, mēted> meet, find -- MEETING : <gemōt> meeting, council, assembly -- MEMBER : <lēod> person, member of tribe -- MEN : <firas> men, people -- MEN : <ylde> men -- MERCY : <milts> mercy, favor, kindness -- MERCY : <ðanc> thanks, grace, mercy -- MERE : <mere> mere, lake, sea -- MEW : <mǣw> mew, sea-gull -- MID-WARD : <midde-weard> mid-ward, middling -- MIDDLE-EARTH : <middan-eard> middle-earth, world -- MIDDLING : <midde-weard> mid-ward, middling -- MIGHT : <miht> might, power -- MIGHT : <mægen> might, strength -- MILD : <milde> mild, gentle -- MILE : <mīl> mile -- MIND : <ferð> mind, soul, spirit -- MIND : <hyge> heart, mind, soul -- MIND : <mine> mind, affection -- MIND : <mōd-sefa> mind, spirit -- MIND : <mōd> mood, mind -- MINDFUL : <gemunan, geman, gemunon, gemunde> remember, be mindful of -- MINDFUL : <gemyndig> mindful -- MIRACLE : <wundor> miracle, wonder -- MISCHIEF : <yfel> evil, mischief, wickedness -- MISERABLE : <earm-cearig> miserable, lit. wretched-caring -- MISERABLE : <hēan> abject, depressed, miserable -- MISERY : <wræc-lāst> path of exile, lit. misery track -- MOAN : <mǣnan, mǣnde, mǣned> moan, relate, speak of -- MONEY : <feoh-gift> money-, lit. cattle-gift -- MONEY : <feoh> cattle, goods, money -- MONEYLESS : <feoh-lēas> moneyless, lit. without cattle -- MONTH : <mōnað> month -- MOOD : <mōd> mood, mind -- MOOD-CARING : <mōd-cearig> anxious, sorrowful, lit. mood-caring -- MOOD-PROUD : <mōd-wlonc> haughty, lit. mood-proud -- MOOR : <mōr> moor; mountainous region -- MOREOVER : <ēac> also, even, moreover -- MORNING : <morgen> morning -- MOUND : <hlǣw> mound -- MOUNT : <gestīgan, gestāh, gestigon, gestigen> mount, ascend -- MOUNTAIN : <beorg> hill, mountain -- MOUNTAINOUS : <mōr> moor; mountainous region -- MOURN : <begnornian, begnornode, begnornod> mourn, lament -- MOURN : <gnornian, gnornode, gnornod> mourn, lament -- MOUTH : <mūð> mouth -- MOUTH : <mūða> mouth of a river, estuary -- MOVE : <gān> go, walk, move -- MOVE : <hrēran, hrērde, hrēred> move, stir -- MUCH : <fela> much, many -- MUCH : <micel> much, great -- MUCH : <micel> much, very -- NAME : <hātan, heht, hēton, hāten> call, name; order -- NAME : <nama> name -- NAME : <nemnan, nemde, nemed> name, call -- NARROW : <nearu> narrow; full of hardship -- NARROW : <smæl> small, narrow -- NATION : <mǣgþ> tribe, nation -- NATIVE : <ēðel-land> native land -- NATIVE : <ēðel> home, native land -- NEAR : <be> at, by, near -- NEAR : <nēah> near -- NEAR : <nēalǣcan, nēalǣcte, nēalǣced> approach, draw near -- NEARLY : <fulnēah> almost, very nearly -- NECKLACE : <sigle> brooch, jewel, necklace -- NEED : <ðearf> need, requirement -- NEITHER : <nā-hwæðer> neither...nor -- NEW : <nīwe> new, fresh -- NEXT : <ōðer> other, next, second -- NIGHT : <niht> night -- NIGHT : <nihts-cūa> night's cover -- NIGHT-WATCH : <niht-waco> night-watch -- NINE : <nigon> nine -- NO : <nā> no, nor, not (at all) -- NO : <nā> no, not -- NOAH : <Noe> Noah -- NOBILITY : <eorlscipe> nobility, heroic deeds -- NOBLE : <frēo-mǣg> noble (lit. free) kinsman -- NOBLE : <indrihten> (very) noble -- NOBLE : <æðelo> noble race -- NOBLEMAN : <beorn> man, nobleman -- NOBLEMAN : <ealdor-monn> nobleman, lit. older man -- NOBLEMAN : <eorl> earl, nobleman, warrior -- NOBLEMAN : <æðeling> nobleman, prince -- NOISE : <swēg> noise, sound -- NOR : <nā-hwæðer> neither...nor -- NOR : <nā> no, nor, not (at all) -- NORTH : <Norðweg> Norway, lit. way leading north -- NORTH : <be norðan> north of -- NORTH : <norð> north(wards) -- NORTH : <norðan> from the north -- NORTH-MAN : <Norð-mann> Norwegian, lit. north-man -- NORTHUMBRIA : <Norð-hymbre> Northumbrians, Northumbria -- NORTHUMBRIANS : <Norð-hymbre> Northumbrians, Northumbria -- NORTHWARD : <norð-weard> northward -- NORWAY : <Norðweg> Norway, lit. way leading north -- NORWEGIAN : <Norð-mann> Norwegian, lit. north-man -- NOT : <nā> no, nor, not (at all) -- NOT : <nā> no, not -- NOT : <nālæs> not at all -- NOT : <ne> not -- NOT : <unhēanlīce> not disgracefully, not ignobly -- NOW : <nū> now -- NUMBER : <lȳt> little, small number -- OAR : <ār> oar -- OBEY : <folgian, folgode, folgod> follow, obey, serve -- OBEY : <hīeran, hīerde, hīered> hear, obey; belong -- OBSCURE : <nīpan, nāp, nipon, nipen> grow dark, obscure -- OBSERVE : <gesēon, geseah, gesǣgon, gesegen> see, observe -- OBSERVE : <witan, wāt, witon, wiste> know, observe -- OBSTRUCT : <for-faran, for-fōr, for-fōron, for-faren> obstruct, get in front of -- OCCASION : <cierr> occasion, time, turn -- OCCASION : <mǣl> time, occasion -- OCCUPIED : <bȳn> inhabited, occupied -- OCCUPY : <warian, warode, warod> guard, protect, occupy -- OCCUR : <ā-gān> pass, occur, lit. away go -- OCEAN : <lagu-lād> water-way, ocean journey -- OF : <of> from, of -- OFFER : <bēodan, bēad, budon, boden> bid, command, offer -- OFFER : <gebēodan, gebēad, gebudon, geboden> offer -- OFFSPRING : <fæsl> progeny, offspring -- OFTEN : <oft> often, frequently -- OHTHERE : <Ōhthere> Ohthere -- OLD : <eald> old -- OLD : <frōd> old, wise, experienced -- OLD : <gīo> before, of old -- OLD : <yldu> (old) age -- OLDER : <ealdor-monn> nobleman, lit. older man -- ONE : <ān> a, an, one -- ONE : <gehwylc> each, every one -- OPEN : <brād> broad, open -- OPEN : <ūter-mere> outer sea, open sea -- OR : <oððe> or -- ORDER : <endebyrdnes> order, sequence -- ORDER : <hātan, heht, hēton, hāten> call, name; order -- ORDER : <þæt> so/in order that -- ORNAMENT : <hyrst> armor, ornament -- OSRIC : <Ōsrīc> Osric -- OSWOLD : <Ōswold> Oswold -- OTHER : <ōðer> other, next, second -- OUGHT : <sculan, sceal, sculon, scolde> shall, ought to -- OUT : <ūt> out -- OUTER : <ūter-mere> outer sea, open sea -- OUTWARD : <ūte-weard> outward -- OVER : <geond> over, through(out) -- OVER : <ofer> over, across -- OVER : <wadan, wōd, wōdon, waden> wade, stride over -- OWN : <āgen> own -- OX : <nēat> ox, cow -- PARENT : <ealdor> elder, parent, prince -- PART : <healf> half, part, side -- PARTY : <gebēorscipe> feast, beer party -- PASS : <ā-gān> pass, occur, lit. away go -- PASS : <gedōn> act, do, bring to pass -- PASTIME : <gomen> pastime, pleasure, entertainment -- PASTURE : <ettan, ettede, etted> graze, pasture -- PATH : <brim-lād> path of the sea, lit. sea lane -- PATH : <wræc-lāst> path of exile, lit. misery track -- PAY : <gieldan, geald, guldon, golden> yield, pay -- PENETRATE : <fēolan, fealh, fulgon, folen> reach, penetrate -- PENETRATE : <ðurhwadan, ðurhwōd, ðurhwōdon, ðurhwaden> pierce, penetrate -- PEOPLE : <Cwēnas> Cwenas, Cwena people -- PEOPLE : <firas> men, people -- PEOPLE : <folc> folk, people -- PEOPLE-KING : <ðēod-cyning> lit. people-king -- PERFORM : <fremman, fremede, fremed> do, perform -- PERFORM : <gewyrcan, geworhte, geworht> perform, achieve, accomplish -- PERIL : <bealu-sīð> peril, calamity. lit. harm-journey -- PERISH : <gecringan, gecranc, gecrungon, gecrungen> cringe, fall, perish -- PERSON : <lēod> person, member of tribe -- PERSON : <monn> man, person -- PESTILENCE : <cwild> disease, plague, pestilence -- PIERCE : <ðurhwadan, ðurhwōd, ðurhwōdon, ðurhwaden> pierce, penetrate -- PIRATE : <wīcing> Viking, pirate -- PITCH : <cnossian, cnossode, cnossod> drive, pitch -- PLACE : <cear-seld> place of sorrow, care-place -- PLACE : <rest> rest, resting place -- PLACE : <stōw> place -- PLAGUE : <cwild> disease, plague, pestilence -- PLAINLY : <sweotole> clearly, plainly -- PLEASURE : <gomen> pastime, pleasure, entertainment -- PLEASURE : <lust> lust, desire, pleasure -- PLOW : <erian, erede, ered> plow -- POEM : <lēoð> song, poem -- POOR : <fēasceaft> poor, destitute -- POOR : <fēasceaftig> poor, destitute -- PORT : <bæc-bord> larboard, port side -- PORT : <port> port, harbor -- POSSESS : <āgan, āh, āgon, āhte> have, possess -- POSSESS : <habban, hæfde, hæfd> have, possess -- POUND : <bēatan, bēot, bēoton, bēaten> beat, pound, strike -- POWER : <miht> might, power -- PRAISE : <dēman, dēmde, dēmed> deem, judge; praise -- PRAISE : <eahtian, eahtode, eahtod> praise, esteem -- PRAISE : <herenes> praise -- PRAISE : <herian, herede, hered> praise, extol -- PRAISE : <lof-georn> eager for praise -- PRAISE : <wuldor> glory, praise -- PRAISEWORTHY : <lof-dǣd> praiseworthy deed -- PRELATE : <bisceop> bishop, prelate -- PREPARED : <gearo> prepared, ready -- PRESERVE : <healdan, hēold, hēoldon, lealden> hold, retain, preserve -- PRESERVER : <nergend> preserver, savior -- PRESS : <þringan, þrong, þrungon, þrungen> throng, crowd, press -- PRINCE : <drihten> lord, prince, ruler -- PRINCE : <ealdor> elder, parent, prince -- PRINCE : <æðeling> nobleman, prince -- PROCEED : <gefaran, gefōr, gefōron, gefaren> go, proceed -- PROGENY : <fæsl> progeny, offspring -- PROMONTORY : <hōh> heel; promontory -- PROSPER : <geþēon, geþāh, geþigon, geþigen> thrive, prosper -- PROSPER : <ðēon, ðāh, ðigon, ðigen> thrive, prosper -- PROTECT : <generian, generede, genered> save, protect -- PROTECT : <warian, warode, warod> guard, protect, occupy -- PROTECT : <werian, werede, wered> wear; defend, protect -- PROTECTOR : <gehola> friend, confidant, protector -- PROTECTOR-KINSMAN : <hlēo-mǣg> lit. protector-kinsman -- PROUD : <wlonc> proud -- PROVISION : <wist> feast, food, provision -- PROW : <stefn> stem; prow, stern -- PRUDENT : <fore-snotor> clever, prudent -- PRUDENT : <glēaw> wise, prudent -- PURPOSE : <mōdgeþonc> conception, purpose -- QUICK : <cwic> quick, alive -- QUICK : <hraðe> quick, hasty -- QUIVER : <ācweccan, ācwehte, ācweht> shake, brandish; quiver -- RACE : <æðelo> noble race -- RAID : <hergian, hergode, gehergod> harry, raid, ravage -- RAIN : <regn> rain -- RAISE : <āhebban, āhōf, āhōfon, āhafen> raise, lift up -- RAISE : <hafenian, hafenode, hafenod> raise, lift up -- RAMPART : <weall> wall, rampart -- RAVAGE : <hergian, hergode, gehergod> harry, raid, ravage -- REACH : <fēolan, fealh, fulgon, folen> reach, penetrate -- READY : <gearo> prepared, ready -- REALIZE : <onfindan, onfond, onfundon, onfunden> find out, realize -- REALM : <lond> land, realm, country -- REASON : <intinga> cause, reason -- RECEIPT : <sinc-þegu> lit. treasure receipt -- RECEIVE : <geþicgan, geþeah, geþǣgon, geþegen> take, accept, receive -- RECEIVE : <onfōn, onfēng, onfēngon, onfangen> accept, receive -- RECLUSE : <ānhaga> recluse, wanderer -- REGION : <mōr> moor; mountainous region -- REIGN : <rīce> kingdom, reign -- RELATE : <āsecgan, āsægde, āsægd> say, relate -- RELATE : <mǣnan, mǣnde, mǣned> moan, relate, speak of -- RELEASE : <bedǣlan, bidǣlde, bidǣled> deprive, release -- RELIEF : <frōfor> relief, solace, consolation -- REMAIN : <bīdan, bād, bidon, biden> bide, endure, remain -- REMAIN : <gebīdan, gebād, gebidon, gebiden> remain; await; experience; attain -- REMAIN : <gewunian, gewunode, gewunod> remain with, stand by -- REMAIN : <wunian, wunode, wunod> dwell, live, remain -- REMEMBER : <gemunan, geman, gemunon, gemunde> remember, be mindful of -- REMEMBER : <onmunan, onman, onmunon, onmunde> esteem, remember, think worthy -- REMNANT : <lāf> remnant, what is left -- RENOWN : <þrymm> glory, renown -- RENOWNED : <brēme> famous, renowned -- REPLY : <oncweðan, oncwæð, oncwǣdon, oncweden> answer, reply to -- REPULSIVE : <atol> dire, repulsive -- REQUIREMENT : <ðearf> need, requirement -- RESIST : <wiðstandan, wiðstōd, wiðstōdon, wiðstanden> withstand, resist -- RESOLVE : <hycgan, hogode, hogod> think, resolve -- RESOLVE : <ðencan, ðōhte, ðōht> think, intend, resolve -- RESOUND : <hlimman, hlamm, hlumon, hlummen> roar, resound -- RESOUND : <swogan, swēog, swēogon, swōgen> resound, roar -- RESPOND : <andswarian, andswarode, andswarod> answer, respond -- RESPONSE : <andswaru> answer, response -- REST : <rest> rest, resting place -- RESTING : <rest> rest, resting place -- RETAIN : <healdan, hēold, hēoldon, lealden> hold, retain, preserve -- RETAINER : <genēat> companion, retainer -- RETAINER : <sele-secg> retainer, lit. hall hero -- RETAINERS : <duguð> host, body of retainers; glory -- REVEAL : <cȳðan, cȳðde, cȳðed> reveal, make known -- REVERENCE : <weorðmynd> glory, honor, reverence -- RICHES : <sinc> jewels, riches, treasure -- RICHES : <spēd> means, riches, success -- RIDE : <faran, fōr, fōron, faren> go, ride, travel -- RIDE : <rīdan, rād, ridon, riden> ride -- RIME : <hrīm> rime, hoar-frost -- RING : <bēag> ring, crown -- RISE : <stīgan, stāh, stigon, stigen> rise, ascend -- RIVER : <mūða> mouth of a river, estuary -- ROAR : <hlimman, hlamm, hlumon, hlummen> roar, resound -- ROAR : <swogan, swēog, swēogon, swōgen> resound, roar -- ROCHESTER : <Hrōfe-ceaster> Rochester -- ROCKY : <clūdig> rocky -- ROLLING : <gewealc> rolling, tossing -- ROOF : <hrōf> roof -- ROOMY : <rūm> roomy, spacious -- ROUND : <behōn, behēng, behēngon, behongen> hang round -- ROUND : <ymbsittan, ymbsæt, ymbsǣton, ymbseten> besiege, lit. sit round -- RUIN : <hryre> death, fall, ruin -- RULER : <drihten> lord, prince, ruler -- RULER : <wealdend> wielder, ruler, lord -- RUN : <yrnan, arn, urnon, urnen> run -- RUSH : <rǣsan, rǣsde, rǣsed> rush, hasten -- SAD : <drēorig> dreary, sad -- SADLY : <drēorig> drearily, sadly -- SAFE : <gesund> safe, unharmed -- SAIL : <geseglian, geseglode, geseglod> sail -- SAIL : <seglian, seglode, seglod> sail -- SAILOR : <brim-man> sailor, lit. sea man -- SALT-WAVE : <sealt-ȳð> lit. salt-wave -- SALUTE : <hālettan, hālette, hāleted> hail, salute -- SAME : <ilca> same -- SAME : <self> self, same -- SAVAGE : <hrēo> fierce, wild, savage -- SAVE : <generian, generede, genered> save, protect -- SAVIOR : <nergend> preserver, savior -- SAXONS : <Ēast-Seaxan> East Saxons, Essex -- SAXONS : <Sūð-Seaxan> South Saxons, Sussex -- SAXONS : <West-Seaxan> West Saxons, Wessex -- SAY : <āsecgan, āsægde, āsægd> say, relate -- SAY : <cweðan, cwæð, cwǣdon, cweden> say, speak -- SAY : <secgan, sægde, sægd> say -- SAY : <sprecan, spræc, sprǣcon, sprecen> speak, say -- SCEFING : <Scyld Scēfing> Scyld Scefing -- SCREAM : <begiellan, begeall, begullon, begollen> yell, scream, screech -- SCREECH : <begiellan, begeall, begullon, begollen> yell, scream, screech -- SCYLD : <Scyld Scēfing> Scyld Scefing -- SCYLD : <Scyld> Scyld -- SEA : <brim-lād> path of the sea, lit. sea lane -- SEA : <brim-man> sailor, lit. sea man -- SEA : <hron-rād> sea, lit. whale-road -- SEA : <mere> mere, lake, sea -- SEA : <sund> sea, water -- SEA : <sǣ> sea, lake -- SEA : <ūter-mere> outer sea, open sea -- SEA : <waðum> wave, sea -- SEA-GULL : <mǣw> mew, sea-gull -- SEA-HOUSE : <mere-hūs> sea-house -- SEA-STREAM : <ēagor-strēam> sea-stream, current -- SEA-SWALLOW : <stearn> tern, sea-swallow -- SEA-VOYAGE : <sǣ-fōr> sea-voyage -- SEA-WEARY : <mere-wērig> sea-weary -- SEACOAST : <sǣ-rima> seashore, seacoast -- SEASHORE : <sǣ-rima> seashore, seacoast -- SECOND : <ōðer> other, next, second -- SECULAR : <weorold hād> secular life -- SECURELY : <fæste> fast, firmly, securely -- SEE : <gesēon, geseah, gesǣgon, gesegen> see, observe -- SEE : <sēon, seah, sǣgon, segen> see, look -- SEEK : <cunnian, cunnode, cunnod> seek, explore, experience -- SEEK : <gesēcan, gesōhte, gesōht> seek, desire -- SEEK : <sēcan, sōhte, sōht> seek, desire -- SEEM : <ðyncan, ðūhte, geðūht> seem, appear; think -- SEEMLY : <gedēfe> fitting, seemly -- SEINE : <Sigen> Seine -- SEIZE : <gefōn, gefēng, gefēngon, gefangen> take, seize -- SEIZE : <geniman, genam, genāmon, genumen> seize, take -- SEIZE : <grīpan, grāp, gripon, gripen> grasp, seize -- SELF : <self> self, same -- SEND : <sendan, sende, sened> send -- SENTENCE : <fers> sentence, verse -- SEPARATE : <tō-faran, tō-fōr, tō-fōron, tō-faren> disperse, separate -- SEQUENCE : <endebyrdnes> order, sequence -- SERVE : <folgian, folgode, folgod> follow, obey, serve -- SERVE : <gelǣstan, gelǣste, gelǣset> serve, stand by -- SET : <gesettan, gesette, geseted> set (out), appoint, establish -- SETTLE : <tēon, tēode, tēodod> adorn, settle -- SHACKLE : <fetor> fetter, shackle -- SHAKE : <ācweccan, ācwehte, ācweht> shake, brandish; quiver -- SHALL : <sculan, sceal, sculon, scolde> shall, ought to -- SHAME : <scomu> shame -- SHAPE : <gescieppan, gescōp, gescōpon, gesceapen> shape, create -- SHAPER : <scieppend> shaper, creator -- SHARP : <bitre> bitter, sharp -- SHE : <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it -- SHE : <sē, sēo, ðæt> he, she, it -- SHED : <scypen> shed -- SHIELD : <bord> board, shield -- SHIP : <cēol> keel (of a ship) -- SHIP : <naca> boat, ship -- SHIP : <scip> ship -- SHIP : <wæg-þel> ship, lit. wave-planking -- SHIP : <æsc> ash (tree), spear; boat, ship -- SHIRE : <scīr> shire, district, division -- SHORE : <sūð-stæð> south shore -- SHORE-WALL : <stæð-weall> shore-wall -- SHOWER : <scūr> shower -- SHUT : <belūcan, belēac, belucon, belocen> close, lock, shut -- SIDE : <bæc-bord> larboard, port side -- SIDE : <gehwær> on every side, everywhere -- SIDE : <healf> half, part, side -- SIGH : <seofian, seofade, seofad> sigh, lament -- SIGN : <bēcn> beacon, sign -- SINCE : <geāra> yore, long since -- SINCE : <siððan> since, when, afterwards -- SING : <singan, sang, sungon, sungen> sing, compose -- SINGLE : <ān> alone, single -- SIT : <ymbsittan, ymbsæt, ymbsǣton, ymbseten> besiege, lit. sit round -- SITUATED : <licgan, læg, lǣgon, legen> lie, extend, be situated -- SIX : <siex-hund> six hundred -- SIX : <siex> six -- SIXTY : <siextig> sixty -- SKIRINGSSAL : <Scīringes-hēal> Skiringssal -- SKY : <heofon> heaven, sky -- SKY : <rodor> sky, heaven -- SKY : <wolcen> sky, heaven -- SLAUGHTER : <wælsleaht> slaughter, carnage -- SLAY : <ofslean, ofslōh, ofslōgon, ofslægen> slay, destroy -- SLAYER : <bana> bane, slayer -- SLIT : <slītan, slāt, sliton, sliten> slit, tear -- SMALL : <lȳt> little, small number -- SMALL : <lȳtel> little, small -- SMALL : <smæl> small, narrow -- SNOW : <snīwan, snīwde, snīwed> snow -- SO : <swā> so, thus -- SO : <tō þæs> so -- SO : <þæs> so -- SO : <þæt> so/in order that -- SOLACE : <frōfor> relief, solace, consolation -- SOME : <sum> some, a certain -- SOMETHING : <hwæt-hwegu> something -- SOMEWHAT : <hwōn> somewhat, a little -- SON : <eafora> son, heir -- SON : <sunu> son -- SONG : <hlēoðor> song, sound -- SONG : <lēoð> song, poem -- SONG : <song> song -- SORROW : <cear-seld> place of sorrow, care-place -- SORROW : <cear> care, sorrow -- SORROW : <cearu> care, grief, sorrow -- SORROW : <sorg> sorrow, grief, distress -- SORROWFUL : <mōd-cearig> anxious, sorrowful, lit. mood-caring -- SORROWFUL : <winter-cearig> sorrowful, lit. winter-caring -- SOUL : <ferð> mind, soul, spirit -- SOUL : <hyge> heart, mind, soul -- SOUND : <hlēoðor> song, sound -- SOUND : <swēg> noise, sound -- SOURCE : <ord> source, beginning -- SOUTH : <Sūð-Seaxan> South Saxons, Sussex -- SOUTH : <sūð-stæð> south shore -- SOUTH : <sūð> south(wards) -- SOUTH : <wið sūðan> to the south -- SOUTHWARD : <sūðe-weard> southward -- SPACIOUS : <rūm> roomy, spacious -- SPEAK : <cweðan, cwæð, cwǣdon, cweden> say, speak -- SPEAK : <maðelian, maðelode, maðelod> speak, address, harangue -- SPEAK : <mǣnan, mǣnde, mǣned> moan, relate, speak of -- SPEAK : <sprecan, spræc, sprǣcon, sprecen> speak, say -- SPEAR : <gār> spear -- SPEAR : <wæl-spere> deadly spear -- SPEAR : <æsc> ash (tree), spear; boat, ship -- SPEAR-DANES : <gār-Dene> spear-Danes -- SPEECH : <word> word, speech -- SPIRIT : <blǣd> breath, spirit, life -- SPIRIT : <ferð-loca> breast, heart, lit. spirit enclosure -- SPIRIT : <ferð> mind, soul, spirit -- SPIRIT : <mōd-sefa> mind, spirit -- SPLENDID : <from> bold, brave, splendid -- SPREAD : <springan, sprang, sprungon, sprungen> spring, burst forth, spread -- SPRING : <springan, sprang, sprungon, sprungen> spring, burst forth, spread -- STAND : <gelǣstan, gelǣste, gelǣset> serve, stand by -- STAND : <gewunian, gewunode, gewunod> remain with, stand by -- STAND : <standan, stōd, stōdon, standen> stand -- STARBOARD : <stēor-bord> starboard, lit. stear(ing)-board -- STEADY : <unwealt> steady -- STEAR : <stēor-bord> starboard, lit. stear(ing)-board -- STEM : <stefn> stem; prow, stern -- STERN : <heard> stern, strong -- STERN : <stefn> stem; prow, stern -- STERN : <stīð> stiff, stern, brave -- STIFF : <stīð> stiff, stern, brave -- STILL : <gēn> still, yet, further -- STIR : <hrēran, hrērde, hrēred> move, stir -- STONGHOLD : <burg> enclosure, stonghold -- STONY : <stān-clif> stony cliff -- STORM : <storm> storm, tempest; attack -- STOUT : <mā> great, stout -- STRANGE : <elðēodig> alien, foreign, strange -- STREAM : <strēam> stream -- STRENGTH : <mægen> might, strength -- STRIDE : <wadan, wōd, wōdon, waden> wade, stride over -- STRIFE : <gewinn> battle, strife, struggle -- STRIFE : <wīg> war, strife -- STRIKE : <bēatan, bēot, bēoton, bēaten> beat, pound, strike -- STRIKE : <cnyssan, cnysede, cnysed> beat, strike -- STRONG : <heard> stern, strong -- STRONG : <strang> strong -- STRUGGLE : <gewinn> battle, strife, struggle -- STUDY : <geleornian, geleornode, geleornod> learn, study -- SUBDUE : <gebrecan, gebræc, gebrǣcon, gebrocen> break, destroy, subdue -- SUCCESS : <spēd> means, riches, success -- SUCH : <swilc> such -- SUCH : <swilce> such (manner), thus, likewise -- SUFFER : <drēogan, drēag, drugon, drogen> endure, suffer -- SUFFER : <ðrōwian, ðrōwade, ðrōwad> endure, suffer -- SUFFERING : <earfeðe> hardship, suffering -- SUITABLE : <gelimplic> suitable -- SUMMER : <sumor> summer -- SUSSEX : <Sūð-Seaxan> South Saxons, Sussex -- SWAN : <ilfetu> swan -- SWARTHY : <sweart> dark, black, swarthy -- SWEDEN : <Swēo-land> Sweden -- SWIFT : <swift> swift -- SWITHULF : <Swīðulf> Swithulf -- TAKE : <gefōn, gefēng, gefēngon, gefangen> take, seize -- TAKE : <geniman, genam, genāmon, genumen> seize, take -- TAKE : <geþicgan, geþeah, geþǣgon, geþegen> take, accept, receive -- TALE : <sōð-gied> lit. true tale -- TEACH : <lǣran, lǣrde, lǣred> teach, advise, exhort -- TEAR : <slītan, slāt, sliton, sliten> slit, tear -- TELL : <wrecan, wræc, wræcon, wrecen> wreak, force; tell, utter -- TEMPEST : <storm> storm, tempest; attack -- TEN : <tīen> ten -- TERN : <stearn> tern, sea-swallow -- TERRIFY : <egsian, egsode, egsod> terrify -- TEST : <gecunnian, gecunnade, gecunnad> know; try, test, make trial of -- THAN : <þe> than, where -- THANE : <þegn> thane, warrior -- THANKS : <ðanc> thanks, grace, mercy -- THAT : <būton> unless; except (that) -- THAT : <se, sēo, ðæt> that -- THAT : <sē, sēo, ðæt> that -- THAT : <sē, sēo, ðæt> who, which, that -- THAT : <þe> that, which, who -- THAT : <þæt> so/in order that -- THAT : <þæt> that -- THE : <se, sēo, ðæt> the -- THE : <þȳ> the -- THEN : <æfter> after(wards), then -- THEN : <þā> then, when -- THEN : <þonne> then, when -- THENCE : <forð> forth, thence -- THENCE : <ðonan> thence, from there -- THERE : <ðonan> thence, from there -- THERE : <þǣr> there, where -- THEREFORE : <for þon> because, therefore -- THEREIN : <þǣr inne> therein -- THERETO : <þǣr tō> thereto -- THEREUPON : <eft> afterwards, thereupon -- THING : <wiht> whit, thing -- THINK : <hycgan, hogode, hogod> think, resolve -- THINK : <onmunan, onman, onmunon, onmunde> esteem, remember, think worthy -- THINK : <ðencan, ðōhte, ðōht> think, intend, resolve -- THINK : <ðyncan, ðūhte, geðūht> seem, appear; think -- THIRTY : <þrītig> thirty -- THIS : <ðes, ðēos, ðis> this -- THIS : <ðēs, ðēos, ðis> this -- THITHER : <þider> thither -- THITHER : <þyder> thither -- THOUGH : <þēah> yet, though, however -- THOUGHT : <geðōht> thought -- THREE : <þrīe, þrēo, þrēo> three -- THRIVE : <geþēon, geþāh, geþigon, geþigen> thrive, prosper -- THRIVE : <ðēon, ðāh, ðigon, ðigen> thrive, prosper -- THRONG : <geþrang> throng, tumult -- THRONG : <þringan, þrong, þrungon, þrungen> throng, crowd, press -- THROUGH : <geond> over, through(out) -- THROUGH : <þurh> through, by (means of) -- THURSTAN : <Þūrstān> Thurstan -- THUS : <swā> so, thus -- THUS : <swilce> such (manner), thus, likewise -- TIE : <bindan, bond, bundon, bunden> bind, tie -- TIME : <cierr> occasion, time, turn -- TIME : <hwīl> while, time -- TIME : <longe> for long (time) -- TIME : <mǣl> time, occasion -- TIME : <tīd> time -- TO : <tō> (in)to -- TOGETHER : <somod> also, together -- TOIL : <geswinc-dæg> day of toil -- TOSSING : <gewealc> rolling, tossing -- TRACK : <lāst> track, footprint -- TRACK : <wræc-lāst> path of exile, lit. misery track -- TRAVEL : <faran, fōr, fōron, faren> go, ride, travel -- TRAVEL : <fēran, fērde, fēred> go, travel -- TRAVERSE : <oferfēran, oferfērde, oferfēred> traverse -- TREASURE : <gestrēon> wealth, treasure -- TREASURE : <hord-cofa> treasure chamber, lit. hoard cove -- TREASURE : <hord> hoard, treasure -- TREASURE : <sinc-þegu> lit. treasure receipt -- TREASURE : <sinc> jewels, riches, treasure -- TREAT : <wēman, wēmde, wēmed> attract, entice, treat -- TREE : <æsc> ash (tree), spear; boat, ship -- TRIAL : <gecunnian, gecunnade, gecunnad> know; try, test, make trial of -- TRIBE : <lēod> person, member of tribe -- TRIBE : <mǣgþ> tribe, nation -- TRIBUTE : <gombe> tribute -- TRIFLE : <hwōn> trifle -- TROOP : <ðrēat> band, troop -- TRUE : <sōð-gied> lit. true tale -- TRUST : <gelīefan, gelīefde, gelīefed> grant; believe, trust -- TRUTH : <sōð> truth -- TRY : <gecunnian, gecunnade, gecunnad> know; try, test, make trial of -- TUMULT : <gelāc> tumult, commotion -- TUMULT : <geþrang> throng, tumult -- TUMULT : <unstilnes> disturbance, tumult -- TURN : <cierr> occasion, time, turn -- TURN : <wendan, wende, wended> wend, turn, go -- TURN : <windan, wond, wundon, wunden> wind, twist, turn -- TWAIN : <twēgen, twā, tū> twain, two -- TWELVE : <twelf> twelve -- TWILIGHT : <ūhta> dawn, twilight -- TWIST : <windan, wond, wundon, wunden> wind, twist, turn -- TWO : <twēgen, twā, tū> twain, two -- UNDER : <under> under -- UNDERSTAND : <ongietan, ongeat, ongēaton, ongieten> grasp, understand -- UNHARMED : <gesund> safe, unharmed -- UNLESS : <būton> unless; except (that) -- UNTAMED : <wilde> wild, untamed -- UNTIL : <oð þæt> until -- UNTIL : <oð> until -- UNTIL : <oð> until, up to, as far as -- UNWAVERINGLY : <unwāclīce> bravely, unwaveringly -- UP : <āhebban, āhōf, āhōfon, āhafen> raise, lift up -- UP : <hafenian, hafenode, hafenod> raise, lift up -- UP : <oð> until, up to, as far as -- UP : <uppe> up, above -- UP : <ūp> up, upwards -- UPON : <on> on(to), upon -- UPWARD : <ufe-weard> upward -- UPWARDS : <ūp> up, upwards -- UPWARDS : <wið uppan> upwards, above -- URGE : <biddan, bæd, bǣdon, beden> bid, beseech, urge -- USE : <nēotan, nēat, nudon, noden> use, employ -- USEFUL : <nyt-wyrðe> useful -- USELESS : <unnyt> useless -- UTTER : <wrecan, wræc, wræcon, wrecen> wreak, force; tell, utter -- UTTERLY : <forswīðe> utterly, excessively -- VALIANT : <dēor> brave, valiant -- VALIANT : <hwætt> bold, valiant -- VALOR : <ellen> valor, courage -- VERSE : <fers> sentence, verse -- VERY : <fulnēah> almost, very nearly -- VERY : <indrihten> (very) noble -- VERY : <micel> much, very -- VERY : <swīðe> very, exceedingly -- VICTORY : <sigor> victory -- VIKING : <wīcing> Viking, pirate -- VOYAGE : <sīð> journey, voyage -- WADE : <wadan, wōd, wōdon, waden> wade, stride over -- WALK : <gān> go, walk, move -- WALK : <gongan, gēong, gēongon, gongen> go, walk -- WALL : <weall> wall, rampart -- WANDERER : <ānhaga> recluse, wanderer -- WANDERER : <eard-stapa> wanderer, lit. earth-stepper -- WAR : <hild> battle, war -- WAR : <wīg> war, strife -- WAR-PLAY : <wīg-plega> battle, lit. war-play -- WARD : <weard> ward, guard, keeper -- WARDS : <norð> north(wards) -- WARDS : <sūð> south(wards) -- WARDS : <æfter> after(wards), then -- WARN : <manian, manode, manod> warn, exhort, admonish -- WARRIOR : <eorl> earl, nobleman, warrior -- WARRIOR : <sceaða> enemy, warrior -- WARRIOR : <secg> man, warrior -- WARRIOR : <wiga> warrior -- WARRIOR : <wīgend> warrior -- WARRIOR : <þegn> thane, warrior -- WATER : <sund> sea, water -- WATER : <wæter> water -- WATER-BIRD : <hwilpe> curlew? water-bird -- WATER-WAY : <lagu-lād> water-way, ocean journey -- WAVE : <waðum> wave, sea -- WAVE : <wǣg> wave, billow -- WAVE : <ȳð> wave -- WAVE-PLANKING : <wæg-þel> ship, lit. wave-planking -- WAVE-TRAVELER : <wæg-līðend> lit. wave-traveler -- WAX : <weaxan, wēox, wēoxon, wēaxen> wax, grow -- WAY : <Norðweg> Norway, lit. way leading north -- WAY : <weg> way -- WEALTH : <gestrēon> wealth, treasure -- WEAPON : <wǣpen> weapon -- WEAR : <werian, werede, wered> wear; defend, protect -- WEARY : <wērig> weary, exhausted -- WEDER : <Weder> Weder -- WEEK : <wucu> week -- WELL-SPRING : <willeburne> well-spring -- WEND : <wendan, wende, wended> wend, turn, go -- WESSEX : <West-Seaxan> West Saxons, Wessex -- WEST : <West-Seaxan> West Saxons, Wessex -- WHALE-ROAD : <hron-rād> sea, lit. whale-road -- WHAT : <hwā, hwā, hwæt> who, what -- WHAT : <lāf> remnant, what is left -- WHEN : <siððan> since, when, afterwards -- WHEN : <þā> then, when -- WHEN : <þonne> then, when -- WHERE : <hwǣr> where -- WHERE : <þe> than, where -- WHERE : <þǣr> there, where -- WHICH : <sē, sēo, ðæt> who, which, that -- WHICH : <þe> that, which, who -- WHILE : <hwīl> while, time -- WHIT : <wiht> whit, thing -- WHO : <hwā, hwā, hwæt> who, what -- WHO : <sē, sēo, ðæt> who, which, that -- WHO : <þe> that, which, who -- WHOSOEVER : <swā hwilc swā> whosoever -- WHY : <tō hwon> why -- WICK-REEVE : <wīc-gerēfa> lit. wick-reeve -- WICKED : <ārlēas> base, dishonorable, wicked -- WICKEDNESS : <mānfǣhðu> wickedness -- WICKEDNESS : <yfel> evil, mischief, wickedness -- WIDE : <sīd> wide, extensive -- WIDELY : <wīde> widely, far -- WIELD : <wealdan, wēold, wēoldon, wealden> wield, direct -- WIELDER : <wealdend> wielder, ruler, lord -- WIFE : <wīf> wife, woman -- WIFERTH : <Wīferþ> Wiferth -- WIGELIN : <Wīgelm> Wigelin -- WIGHT : <Wiht> (Isle of) Wight -- WILD : <hrēo> fierce, wild, savage -- WILD : <wilde> wild, untamed -- WILLING : <willan> wish, be willing -- WINCHESTER : <Winte-ceastre> Winchester -- WIND : <wind> wind -- WIND : <windan, wond, wundon, wunden> wind, twist, turn -- WINE-GAY : <wīn-gāl> intoxicated, lit. wine-gay -- WINTER : <winter> winter, year -- WINTER-CARING : <winter-cearig> sorrowful, lit. winter-caring -- WISE : <frōd> old, wise, experienced -- WISE : <glēaw> wise, prudent -- WISH : <willan> wish, be willing -- WISTAN : <Wīstān> Wistan -- WITH : <mid> with -- WITHIN : <innan> in, within -- WITHIN : <mid> within -- WITHOUT : <būton> without, except for -- WITHOUT : <feoh-lēas> moneyless, lit. without cattle -- WITHOUT : <lēas> without, bereft of -- WITHSTAND : <wiðstandan, wiðstōd, wiðstōdon, wiðstanden> withstand, resist -- WOLF : <Bēo-wulf> bear, lit. bee wolf -- WOMAN : <wīf> wife, woman -- WONDER : <wundor> miracle, wonder -- WORD : <word> word, speech -- WORK : <bewyrcan, beworhte, beworht> work, construct, cover -- WORK : <ellen-weorc> work of courage -- WORK : <weorc> work, deed -- WORLD : <middan-eard> middle-earth, world -- WORLD : <woruld> world -- WORLDLY : <worold-ār> worldly honor -- WORTHILY : <weorðlīc> worthily, honorably -- WORTHY : <onmunan, onman, onmunon, onmunde> esteem, remember, think worthy -- WOUND : <gewundian, gewundode, gewundod> wound -- WOUND : <wund> wound -- WREAK : <wrecan, wræc, wræcon, wrecen> wreak, force; tell, utter -- WRETCH : <wrecca> wretch, exile -- WRETCHED-CARING : <earm-cearig> miserable, lit. wretched-caring -- WROTH : <wrāð> wroth, angry -- WULFRED : <Wulfred> Wulfred -- YARD : <geard> yard, enclosure; dwelling -- YEAR : <gēar> year -- YEAR : <winter> winter, year -- YEAR-DAY : <gēar-dæg> lit. year-day -- YELL : <begiellan, begeall, begullon, begollen> yell, scream, screech -- YET : <gēn> still, yet, further -- YET : <hwæðere> but, yet, however -- YET : <þēah> yet, though, however -- YIELD : <cringan, crong, crungon, crungen> cringe, yield; die -- YIELD : <gieldan, geald, guldon, golden> yield, pay -- YORE : <geāra> yore, long since -- YOU : <ðū> you -- YOUNG : <geong> young -- YOUNGSTER : <geogoð> youth, youngster -- YOUTH : <geogoð> youth, youngster -- ZEALAND : <Sillende> Zealand --

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