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English: Master Glossary

This Master Glossary page lists, in an alphabetical order suitable to the language and the script employed for it, every unique word form that appears in lesson texts and, for each word, its unique glosses. In addition to the gloss information, sans contextual translation, links are provided to every appearance, in every numbered lesson, of the word/gloss in question. With this index one may perform a quick "word look-up" and, in addition, study how words are used in context by clicking on their links.


- adverb; <ā> always, ever abead - strong verb, class II; 3rd person singular preterite of <ābēodan, ābēad, ābudon, āboden> bid, announce ac - conjunction; <ac> and, but, however ācwehte - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <ācweccan, ācwehte, ācweht> shake, brandish; quiver ædra - noun, feminine; <ædre> artery, channel æfter - adverb; <æfter> after(wards), then āgāne - anomalous verb; past participle of <ā-gān> pass, occur, lit. away go āgenne - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <āgen> own agenum - adjective; dative of <āgen> own ǣghwylc - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <ǣghwilc> all, every ǣgðer - conjunction; <ǣg-hwæðer> both...and āh - preterite-present verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite indicative of <āgan, āh, āgon, āhte> have, possess ahof - strong verb, class VI; 3rd person singular preterite of <āhebban, āhōf, āhōfon, āhafen> raise, lift up ǣlce - adjective; instrumental singular of <ǣlc> all, any aldorlēase - noun, masculine; <ealdor> elder, parent, prince + adjective; nominative plural masculine <lēas> without, bereft of aldormon - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <ealdor-monn> nobleman, lit. older man aldormonnes - noun, masculine; genitive singular of <ealdor-monn> nobleman, lit. older man Ælfred - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Ælfred> Alfred alle - adjective; nominative plural of <eall> all ælmihtig - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <ælmihtig> almighty ambyrne - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <ambyr> favorable, fair ān - indefinite article; nominative singular of <ān> a, an, one āna - adjective; <ān> alone, single and - conjunction; <and> and andsware - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <andswaru> answer, response andswarode - weak verb, class II; 3rd person singular preterite of <andswarian, andswarode, andswarod> answer, respond Angelcyn - proper noun, neuter; accusative singular of <Angel-cynn> English, lit. Angle kin ānhaga - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <ānhaga> recluse, wanderer ǣnig - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <ǣnig> any ǣnig - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <ǣnig> any ānum - indefinite article; dative singular masculine of <ān> a, an, one ǣr - adverb; <ǣr> ere, before, formerly āra - noun, feminine; genitive plural of <ār> oar ārǣd - adjective; <ārǣd> arranged, inexorable ārās - strong verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <ārīsan, ārās, ārison, ārisen> arise āre - strong noun, feminine; genitive singular of <ār> honor, favor ǣrest - adverb; superlative of <ǣr> ere, before, formerly arleasra - adjective; <ārlēas> base, dishonorable, wicked ǣror - adverb; comparative of <ǣr> ere, before, formerly æsc - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <æsc> ash (tree), spear; boat, ship æscas - noun, masculine; accusative plural of <æsc> ash (tree), spear; boat, ship æscum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <æsc> ash (tree), spear; boat, ship āsecgan - weak verb, class III; infinitive of <āsecgan, āsægde, āsægd> say, relate æt - preposition; <æt> at, against ætgifan - noun, masculine; dative singular of <æt-gifa> food-giver atol - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <atol> dire, repulsive Æþelgāres - proper noun, masculine; genitive singular of <Æþelgār> Aethelgar æþeling - strong noun, masculine; accusative singular of <æðeling> nobleman, prince æþeling - strong noun, masculine; nominative singular of <æðeling> nobleman, prince æþelinga - strong noun, masculine; genitive plural of <æðeling> nobleman, prince æþelingas - strong noun, masculine; nominative plural of <æðeling> nobleman, prince æðelo - indeclinable noun, feminine; accusative singular of <æðelo> noble race āþer - correlative conjunction; <āhwæþer> either bæcbord - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <bæc-bord> larboard, port side bǣdon - strong verb, class V; 3rd person plural preterite of <biddan, bæd, bǣdon, beden> bid, beseech, urge baldlīce - adverb; <bald-līce> boldly bana - weak noun, masculine; nominative singular of <bana> bane, slayer banan - weak noun, masculine; accusative singular of <bana> bane, slayer be - preposition; <be> at, by, near be norðan - adverb; <be norðan> north of beadurōfes - adjective; <beadurōf> bold, heroic beæftan - preposition; <beæftan> behind bealosīþa - noun, masculine; genitive plural of <bealu-sīð> peril, calamity. lit. harm-journey bearme - noun, masculine; dative singular of <bearm> bosom, lap bearn - noun, neuter; nominative plural of <bearn> child bearn - noun, neuter; accusative plural of <bearn> child bearn - noun, neuter; nominative singular of <bearn> child bearnum - noun, neuter; dative plural of <bearn> child beboden - strong verb, class II; past participle of <bebēodan, bebēad, bebudon, beboden> command, instruct bēcn - noun, neuter; <bēcn> beacon, sign bēg - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <bēag> ring, crown bēgen - pronoun; nominative dual masculine of <bēgen> both begēton - strong verb, class V; 3rd person plural preterite of <begietan, begeat, begēaton, begieten> get, acquire begnornodon - weak verb, class II; 3rd person plural preterite of <begnornian, begnornode, begnornod> mourn, lament beleac - strong verb, class II; preterite singular of <belūcan, belēac, belucon, belocen> close, lock, shut belocen - strong verb, class II; past participle of <belūcan, belēac, belucon, belocen> close, lock, shut bēon - anomalous verb; infinitive of <bēon> be, become, exist beorg - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <beorg> hill, mountain beorgas - noun, masculine; accusative plural of <beorg> hill, mountain Beorhtulf - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Beorhtulf> Bertulf beornas - noun, masculine; accusative plural of <beorn> man, nobleman Beornulf - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Beornulf> Bernuff bēotan - strong verb, class VII; 3rd person plural preterite of <bēatan, bēot, bēoton, bēaten> beat, pound, strike Bēowulf - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Bēo-wulf> bear, lit. bee wolf berað - strong verb, class IV; 3rd person plural present of <beran, bær, bǣron, boren> bear, carry betimbredon - weak verb, class I; 3rd person plural preterite of <betimbran, betimbrede, betimbred> build, construct betux - preposition; <betux> between beworhton - weak verb, class I; 3rd person plural preterite of <bewyrcan, beworhte, beworht> work, construct, cover bidǣled - weak verb, class I; past participle of <bedǣlan, bidǣlde, bidǣled> deprive, release bīdan - strong verb, class I; infinitive of <bīdan, bād, bidon, biden> bide, endure, remain bidroren - strong verb, class II; past participle of <bedrēosan, bedrēas, bedruron, bedroren> bereave, deprive of bigeal - strong verb, class III; 3rd person singular preterite of <begiellan, begeall, begullon, begollen> yell, scream, screech bigeat - strong verb, class V; 3rd person singular preterite of <begietan, begeat, begēaton, begieten> get, acquire bihongen - strong verb, class VII; past participle of <behōn, behēng, behēngon, behongen> hang round bindað - strong verb, class III; 3rd person plural present of <bindan, bond, bundon, bunden> bind, tie binde - strong verb, class III; 3rd person singular present subjunctive of <bindan, bond, bundon, bunden> bind, tie bīon - anomalous verb; infinitive of <bēon> be, become, exist biscop - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <bisceop> bishop, prelate bitre - adjective; accusative singular feminine of <bitre> bitter, sharp biþ - anomalous verb; 3rd person singular present indicative of <bēon> be, become, exist bið - anomalous verb; 3rd person singular present indicative of <bēon> be, become, exist biwrāh - strong verb, class I; 1st person singular preterite of <bewrēon, biwrāh, biwrigon, biwrigen> cover, conceal blǣd - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <blǣd> breath, spirit, life blǣd - noun, neuter; nominative singular of <blǣd> blade, leaf blisse - strong noun, feminine; genitive singular of <bliss> bliss, joy, happiness bond - strong verb, class III; 3rd person singular preterite of <bindan, bond, bundon, bunden> bind, tie bord - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <bord> board, shield borda - noun, neuter; genitive plural of <bord> board, shield brād - adjective; nominative singular of <brād> broad, open brādost - adjective; superlative of <brād> broad, open brādre - adjective; comparative of <brād> broad, open brēme - adjective; nominative singular of <brēme> famous, renowned brēostceare - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <brēost-cearu> anxiety, heart-care brēostcofan - noun, masculine; dative singular of <brēost-cofa> heart, affections brimlāde - noun, feminine; dative singular of <brim-lād> path of the sea, lit. sea lane brimmen - noun, masculine; nominative plural of <brim-man> sailor, lit. sea man bronda - noun, masculine; genitive plural of <brand> fire, flame bryttan - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <brytta> giver, distributor Bryttiscum - proper adjective; dative singular masculine of <Bryttisc> British būde - irregular verb; 3rd person singular preterite of <būan, būde, bȳne> dwell, live budon - strong verb, class II; 3rd person plural preterite of <bēodan, bēad, budon, boden> bid, command, offer burgum - strong noun, feminine; dative plural of <burg> enclosure, stonghold būtan - preposition; <būton> without, except for būton - preposition; <būton> without, except for būton - conjunction; <būton> unless; except (that) bylde - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <byldan, bylde, bylded> cheer, encourage bȳne - adjective; nominative singular neuter of <bȳn> inhabited, occupied bȳnum - adjective; dative singular neuter of <bȳn> inhabited, occupied Byrhtwold - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Byrhtwold> Byrhtwold byrig - strong noun, feminine; dative singular of <burg> enclosure, stonghold Cædmon - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Cædmon> Ca|edmon caldast - adjective; superlative of <ceald> cold calde - adjective; dative singular masculine of <ceald> cold caldum - adjective; dative plural masculine of <ceald> cold care - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <cearu> care, grief, sorrow cēapes - noun, masculine; genitive singular of <cēap> cattle ceare - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <cear> care, sorrow ceare - noun, feminine; nominative plural of <cearu> care, grief, sorrow cearselda - noun, neuter; genitive plural of <cear-seld> place of sorrow, care-place cenned - weak verb, class I; past participle of <cennan, cennede, cenned> beget, conceive, bring forth cēnre - adjective; comparative of <cēne> bold Cent - proper noun, feminine; dative singular of <Cent> Kent cēole - noun, masculine; dative singular of <cēol> keel (of a ship) Cēolmund - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Cēolmund> Ceolmund cirre - noun, masculine; dative singular of <cierr> occasion, time, turn clifum - noun, neuter; dative plural of <clif> cliff clommum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <clom> bond, fetter; grasp clūdig - adjective; nominative singular of <clūdig> rocky cnossað - weak verb, class II; 3rd person singular present of <cnossian, cnossode, cnossod> drive, pitch cnyssað - weak verb, class I; 3rd person plural present of <cnyssan, cnysede, cnysed> beat, strike cōmon - strong verb, class IV; 3rd person plural preterite of <cuman, cwōm, cwōmon, cumen> come con - modal (preterit-present) verb, class III; 1st person singular present indicative of <cunnan, cann, cunnon, cūðe> can, know how to corna - noun, neuter; genitive plural of <corn> corn, grain cruncon - strong verb, class III; 3rd person plural preterite of <cringan, crong, crungon, crungen> cringe, yield; die cuǣdon - strong verb, class V; 3rd person plural preterite of <cweðan, cwæð, cwǣdon, cweden> say, speak cume - strong verb, class IV; 3rd person singular present optative of <cuman, cwōm, cwōmon, cumen> come cunnað - weak verb, class II; 3rd person singular present of <cunnian, cunnode, cunnod> seek, explore, experience cunnige - weak verb, class II; 1st person singular present subjunctive of <cunnian, cunnode, cunnod> seek, explore, experience cūðe - modal (preterit-present) verb, class III; 1st person singular preterite indicative of <cunnan, cann, cunnon, cūðe> can, know how to cwǣdon - strong verb, class V; 3rd person plural preterite of <cweðan, cwæð, cwǣdon, cweden> say, speak cwæð - strong verb, class V; 3rd person singular preterite of <cweðan, cwæð, cwǣdon, cweden> say, speak Cwēna - proper noun, masculine plural; genitive of <Cwēnas> Cwenas, Cwena people Cwēnas - proper noun, masculine plural; nominative of <Cwēnas> Cwenas, Cwena people cwicra - adjective; genitive plural of <cwic> quick, alive cwilde - noun, masc/fem/neut; dative singular of <cwild> disease, plague, pestilence cwīðan - weak verb, class I; infinitive of <cwīðan, cwīðe, cwīðed> accuse; bewail, lament cwīþan - weak verb, class I; infinitive of <cwīðan, cwīðe, cwīðed> accuse; bewail, lament cymð - strong verb, class IV; 3rd person singular present of <cuman, cwōm, cwōmon, cumen> come cyng - strong noun, masculine; nominative singular of <cyning> king cynges - strong noun, masculine; genitive singular of <cyning> king cyning - strong noun, masculine; nominative singular of <cyning> king cyning - strong noun, masculine; accusative singular of <cyning> king cyninge - strong noun, masculine; dative singular of <cyning> king cyninges - strong noun, masculine; genitive singular of <cyning> king cȳþdon - weak verb, class I; 3rd person plural preterite of <cȳðan, cȳðde, cȳðed> reveal, make known dǣdum - noun, feminine; dative plural of <dǣd> deed, action daga - noun, masculine; genitive plural of <dæg> day dæge - noun, masculine; instrumental singular of <dæg> day dagum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <dæg> day Defenum - proper noun, masculine plural; dative of <Defenas> Devonians, Devonshire dēmdon - weak verb, class I; 3rd person plural preterite of <dēman, dēmde, dēmed> deem, judge; praise Denisc - proper adjective; accusative singular of <Denisc> Danish dēor - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <dēor> brave, valiant dōm - strong noun, masculine; accusative singular of <dōm> doom, decision; glory dōmgeorne - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <dōm-georn> lit. glory-desirous Dorceceastre - proper noun, feminine; dative singular of <Dorce-ceastre> Dorchester drehton - weak verb, class I; 3rd person plural preterite of <dreccan, drehte, dreht> afflict, harass drēorig - adverb; <drēorig> drearily, sadly drēorigne - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <drēorig> dreary, sad drihten - noun, masculine; <drihten> lord, prince, ruler drihten - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <drihten> lord, prince, ruler drugon - strong verb, class II; 3rd person plural preterite of <drēogan, drēag, drugon, drogen> endure, suffer drȳgum - adjective; dative singular of <drȳge> dry dryhten - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <drihten> lord, prince, ruler dugeðum - noun, feminine; dative plural of <duguð> host, body of retainers; glory duguðum - noun, feminine; dative plural of <duguð> host, body of retainers; glory durre - preterite-present verb, class III; 1st person singular present optative of <durran, dearr, durron, dorste> dare duru - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <duru> door dyde - anomalous verb; 1st person singular preterite indicative of <dōn> do, make dyde - anomalous verb; 3rd person singular preterite indicative of <dōn> do, make dydon - anomalous verb; 3rd person plural preterite indicative of <dōn> do, make dyrum - adjective; dative plural of <dȳre> dear, beloved eac - adverb; <ēac> also, even, moreover ēac - adverb; <ēac> also, even, moreover Ēadulf - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Ēadulf> Eadulf eafera - weak noun, masculine; nominative singular of <eafora> son, heir eaforan - weak noun, masculine; accusative plural of <eafora> son, heir eahtodan - weak verb, class II; 3rd person plural preterite of <eahtian, eahtode, eahtod> praise, esteem eal - adverb; <eall> all, entirely eal - adjective; nominative singular of <eall> all eald - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <eald> old ealdor - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <ealdor> elder, parent, prince ealdormon - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <ealdor-monn> nobleman, lit. older man Ealdwold - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Ealdwold> Ealdwold Ealhheard - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Ealhheard> Elhard eall - adjective; <eall> all eall - adverb; <eall> all ealle - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <eall> all ealle - adjective; accusative plural masculine of <eall> all ealle - adjective; accusative singular feminine of <eall> all ealles - adjective; genitive singular of <eall> all ealne - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <eall> all ealra - adjective; genitive plural masculine of <eall> all earce - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <earc> ark earce - noun, feminine; genitive singular of <earc> ark eard - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <eard> home, land eardiað - weak verb, class II; 3rd person plural present of <eardian, eardode, eardod> live, dwell eardstapa - weak noun, masculine; nominative singular of <eard-stapa> wanderer, lit. earth-stepper earfeþa - noun, neuter; genitive plural of <earfeðe> hardship, suffering earfoðhwīle - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <earfoð-hwīl> lit. hardship-time earmcearig - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <earm-cearig> miserable, lit. wretched-caring earn - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <earn> eagle Ēastengle - proper noun, masculine plural; accusative of <Ēast-Engle> East Angles, East Anglia Ēastenglum - proper noun, masculine plural; dative of <Ēast-Engle> East Angles, East Anglia ēasteweard - adverb; <ēast-weard> eastward ēastewerd - adverb; <ēast-weard> eastward Ēastseaxum - proper noun, masculine plural; dative of <Ēast-Seaxan> East Saxons, Essex ēce - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <ēce> eternal, everlasting Ecgulf - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Ecgulf> Egulf eft - adverb; <eft> afterwards, thereupon egorstreamas - noun, masculine; nominative plural of <ēagor-strēam> sea-stream, current egsode - weak verb, class II; 3rd person singular preterite of <egsian, egsode, egsod> terrify eldum - indeclinable noun, masculine plural; dative of <ylde> men ellen - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <ellen> valor, courage ellenweorc - noun, neuter; accusative plural of <ellen-weorc> work of courage elþēodigra - adjective used as noun; <elðēodig> alien, foreign, strange emnlange - preposition; <emnlange> along endebyrdnes - noun, feminine; nominative singular of <endebyrdnes> order, sequence endebyrdnesse - noun, feminine; dative singular of <endebyrdnes> order, sequence ēode - anomalous verb; 3rd person singular preterite indicative of <gān> go, walk, move ēodon - anomalous verb; 3rd person plural preterite indicative of <gān> go, walk, move eom - anomalous verb; 1st person singular present indicative of <is> be, become, exist eorla - noun, masculine; genitive plural of <eorl> earl, nobleman, warrior eorlas - noun, masculine; accusative plural of <eorl> earl, nobleman, warrior eorle - noun, masculine; dative singular of <eorl> earl, nobleman, warrior eorlscipe - indeclinable noun, masculine; accusative singular of <eorlscipe> nobility, heroic deeds eorþan - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <eorð> earth eorðan - noun, feminine; genitive singular of <eorð> earth ēowre - 2nd person pronoun; used as adjective <ðū> you erian - weak verb, class I; infinitive of <erian, erede, ered> plow ettan - weak verb, class I; infinitive of <ettan, ettede, etted> graze, pasture eðelland - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <ēðel-land> native land ēðle - noun, masculine; dative singular of <ēðel> home, native land fæder - noun, masculine; genitive singular of <fæder> father fæge - adjective; accusative singular of <fǣge> doomed, fated fǣges - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <fǣge> doomed, fated fægrost - adverb; superlative of <fæger> fairly, beautifully faran - strong verb, class VI; infinitive of <faran, fōr, fōron, faren> go, ride, travel fæsle - noun, neuter; dative singular of <fæsl> progeny, offspring fæste - adverb; <fæste> fast, firmly, securely feaht - strong verb, class III; 3rd person singular preterite of <feohtan, feaht, fuhton, fohten> fight fēasceaft - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <fēasceaft> poor, destitute fēasceaftig - adjective; <fēasceaftig> poor, destitute fela - indeclinable adjective; <fela> much, many feoh - strong noun, neuter; accusative singular of <feoh> cattle, goods, money feohgiftum - noun, feminine; dative plural of <feoh-gift> money-, lit. cattle-gift feohlēase - adjective; nominative plural of <feoh-lēas> moneyless, lit. without cattle feohtende - strong verb, class III; present participle of <feohtan, feaht, fuhton, fohten> fight fēol - strong verb, class VII; 3rd person singular preterite of <feallan, fēoll, fēollon, feallen> fall, flow feor - adverb; <feor> far (from) feor - preposition; <feor> far (from) fēores - strong noun, masc/neut; genitive singular of <feorh> life feorh - strong noun, masc/neut; accusative singular of <feorh> life feorhhūs - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <feorh-hūs> body, lit. life-house fēos - strong noun, neuter; genitive singular of <feoh> cattle, goods, money feowertig - numeral; <fēowertig> forty fēran - weak verb, class I; infinitive of <fēran, fērde, fēred> go, travel ferhðum - noun, masc/neut; dative plural of <ferð> mind, soul, spirit fers - noun, neuter; accusative plural of <fers> sentence, verse fersce - adjective; nominative plural of <fersc> fresh ferð - noun, masc/neut; accusative singular of <ferð> mind, soul, spirit ferðloca - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <ferð-loca> breast, heart, lit. spirit enclosure ferðlocan - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <ferð-loca> breast, heart, lit. spirit enclosure fēt - noun, masculine; nominative plural of <fōt> foot feterum - noun, feminine; dative plural of <fetor> fetter, shackle fīfum - numeral; dative plural of <fīf> five findan - strong verb, class III; infinitive of <findan, fond, fundon, funden> find Finnas - proper noun, masculine plural; nominative of <Finnas> Finns fīrum - noun, masculine plural; dative of <firas> men, people flæschoman - weak noun, masculine; accusative singular of <flǣsc-homa> body flēag - strong verb, class II; 3rd person singular preterite of <flēogan, flēag, flugon, flogen> flee, fly flod - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <flōd> flood, deluge folc - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <folc> folk, people folce - noun, neuter; dative singular of <folc> folk, people foldan - noun, feminine; genitive singular of <folde> earth, ground foldan - noun, feminine; dative singular of <folde> earth, ground foldan - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <folde> earth, ground folgian - weak verb, class II; infinitive of <folgian, folgode, folgod> follow, obey, serve for - preposition; <for> for, because of for ðon - conjunction; <for þon> because, therefore for þon - conjunction; <for þon> because, therefore foran - adverb; <foran> before, in front forbēah - strong verb, class II; 3rd person singular preterite of <forbūgan, forbēah, forbugon, forbogen> flee from fore - preposition; <fore> for, before foresnotre - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <fore-snotor> clever, prudent forfōran - strong verb, class VI; 3rd person plural preterite of <for-faran, for-fōr, for-fōron, for-faren> obstruct, get in front of forgeaf - strong verb, class V; 3rd person singular preterite of <forgifan, forgeaf, forgēafon, forgiefen> give, grant forhēawen - strong verb, class VII; past participle <forhēawan, forhēow, forhēowon, forhēawen> hew, cut down forlēt - strong verb, class VII; 3rd person singular preterite of <forlǣtan, forlēt, forlēton, forlǣten> leave, abandon forlēton - strong verb, class VII; 3rd person plural preterite of <forlǣtan, forlēt, forlēton, forlǣten> leave, abandon fōron - strong verb, class VI; 3rd person plural preterite of <faran, fōr, fōron, faren> go, ride, travel forste - noun, masculine; dative singular of <forst> frost forswīðe - adverb; <forswīðe> utterly, excessively forð - adverb; <forð> forth, thence forðfērdon - weak verb, class I; 3rd person plural preterite of <forð-fēran, forð-fērde, forð-fēred> die, depart, lit. go forth fram - preposition; <fram> from frea - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <frēa> lord, master frēa - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <frēa> lord, master frēfran - weak verb, class I; infinitive of <frēfran, frēfrede, frēfred> cheer, comfort fremedon - weak verb, class I; 3rd person plural preterite of <fremman, fremede, fremed> do, perform frēoge - weak verb, class II; 3rd person singular present optative of <frēogan, frēoge, frēog> love frēomǣgum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <frēo-mǣg> noble (lit. free) kinsman frēondlēasne - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <frēond-lēas> friend-less frēorig - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <frēorig> chill, cold, freezing Frēsisc - proper adjective; accusative singular of <Frēsisc> Frisian frōd - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <frōd> old, wise, experienced frōfre - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <frōfor> relief, solace, consolation frōfre - noun, feminine; dative singular of <frōfor> relief, solace, consolation from - preposition; <fram> from from - adverb; <fram> away fromum - adjective; dative plural feminine of <from> bold, brave, splendid frumsceaft - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <frumsceaft> creation ful - adverb; <ful> fully, completely fulgon - strong verb, class III; 3rd person plural preterite of <fēolan, fealh, fulgon, folen> reach, penetrate fulnēah - adverb; <fulnēah> almost, very nearly funden - strong verb, class III; past participle of <findan, fond, fundon, funden> find fylð - strong verb, class VII; 3rd person singular present of <feallan, fēoll, fēollon, feallen> fall, flow fyrenðearfe - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <fyren-ðearf> dire distress fyrmest - adjective; superlative of <forma> first ganetes - noun, masculine; genitive singular of <ganot> gannet, goose gār - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <gār> spear gār - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <gār> spear Gār-Dena - proper noun, masculine plural; genitive of <gār-Dene> spear-Danes gatu - strong noun, neuter; accusative plural of <geat> gate ge - conjunction; <ge> both...and, either...or gēara - noun, neuter; genitive plural of <gēar> year geāra - adverb; <geāra> yore, long since gēardagum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <gēar-dæg> lit. year-day geardum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <geard> yard, enclosure; dwelling gēare - noun, neuter; instrumental singular of <gēar> year gēares - noun, neuter; genitive singular of <gēar> year gearo - adjective; nominative singular of <gearo> prepared, ready gēarum - noun, neuter; dative plural of <gēar> year Gēata - proper noun, masculine; genitive plural of <Gēat> Geat gebād - strong verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <gebīdan, gebād, gebidon, gebiden> remain; await; experience; attain gebǣrum - strong noun, neuter; dative plural of <gebǣre> cry, behavior gebēad - strong verb, class II; 3rd person singular preterite of <gebēodan, gebēad, gebudon, geboden> offer gebēorscipe - noun, masculine; dative singular of <gebēorscipe> feast, beer party gebēorscipes - noun, masculine; genitive singular of <gebēorscipe> feast, beer party gebiden - strong verb, class I; past participle of <gebīdan, gebād, gebidon, gebiden> remain; await; experience; attain gebīdeð - strong verb, class I; 3rd person singular present of <gebīdan, gebād, gebidon, gebiden> remain; await; experience; attain gebind - noun, neuter; <gebind> band, binding, fastening geboden - strong verb, class II; past participle of <gebēodan, gebēad, gebudon, geboden> offer gebræc - strong verb, class IV; 3rd person singular preterite of <gebrecan, gebræc, gebrǣcon, gebrocen> break, destroy, subdue gebrocede - weak verb, class II; past participle <gebrocian, gebrocede, gebroced> crush; hurt, afflict gebrocod - weak verb, class II; past participle of <gebrocian, gebrocede, gebroced> crush; hurt, afflict gebrōþru - noun, masculine; nominative plural of <gebrōþor> brother gebunden - strong verb, class III; past participle of <bindan, bond, bundon, bunden> bind, tie gecranc - strong verb, class III; 3rd person singular preterite of <gecringan, gecranc, gecrungon, gecrungen> cringe, fall, perish gecunnad - weak verb, class II; past participle of <gecunnian, gecunnade, gecunnad> know; try, test, make trial of gedēfe - adjective; nominative singular neuter of <gedēfe> fitting, seemly gedēmed - weak verb, class I; past participle of <dēman, dēmde, dēmed> deem, judge; praise gedōn - anomalous verb; past participle of <gedōn> act, do, bring to pass gedrēas - strong verb, class II; 3rd person singular preterite of <gedrēosan, gedrēas, gedruron, gedroren> fall, fail gedydon - anomalous verb; 3rd person plural preterite indicative of <gedōn> act, do, bring to pass gefēngon - strong verb, class VII; 3rd person plural preterite of <gefōn, gefēng, gefēngon, gefangen> take, seize gefēran - weak noun, masculine; nominative plural of <gefēra> companion, comrade gefērum - weak noun, masculine; dative plural of <gefēra> companion, comrade gefor - strong verb, class VI; 3rd person singular preterite of <gefaran, gefōr, gefōron, gefaren> go, proceed gefremman - weak verb, class I; infinitive of <gefremman, gefremede, gefremed> advance, further gefrūnon - strong verb, class III; 1st person plural preterite of <gefrīnan, gefrān, gefrūnon, gefrūnen> learn, hear of gegremode - weak verb, class II; past participle <gegremian, gegremode, gegremod> enrage gehīerdun - weak verb, class I; 3rd person plural preterite of <gehīeran, gehīerede, gehīered> hear (of) geholena - noun, masculine; genitive plural of <gehola> friend, confidant, protector gehwære - adverb; <gehwær> on every side, everywhere gehwǣre - pronoun; dative singular feminine of <gehwā> each, everyone gehwæs - pronoun; genitive singular of <gehwā> each, everyone gehwelcum - indefinite pronoun; dative singular masculine of <gehwylc> each, every one gehwylce - indefinite pronoun; instrumental singular masculine of <gehwylc> each, every one gehȳrde - weak verb, class I; 1st person singular preterite of <gehīeran, gehīerede, gehīered> hear (of) gehȳrde - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <gehīeran, gehīerede, gehīered> hear (of) gelāc - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <gelāc> tumult, commotion gelǣsten - weak verb, class I; 3rd person plural present optative of <gelǣstan, gelǣste, gelǣset> serve, stand by geleornade - weak verb, class II; 3rd person singular preterite of <geleornian, geleornode, geleornod> learn, study gelimplicre - adjective; dative singular feminine of <gelimplic> suitable gelȳfedre - adjective; genitive singular feminine of <gelyfed> advanced gelȳfeð - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular present of <gelīefan, gelīefde, gelīefed> grant; believe, trust gemon - preterite-present verb, class IV; 3rd person singular present indicative of <gemunan, geman, gemunon, gemunde> remember, be mindful of gemōt - noun, neuter; nominative singular of <gemōt> meeting, council, assembly gemyndig - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <gemyndig> mindful gēn - adverb; <gēn> still, yet, further genēat - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <genēat> companion, retainer generede - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <generian, generede, genered> save, protect genumen - strong verb, class IV; past participle of <geniman, genam, genāmon, genumen> seize, take geogoðe - noun, feminine; dative singular of <geogoð> youth, youngster geoguþe - noun, feminine; dative singular of <geogoð> youth, youngster geoguðe - noun, feminine; dative singular of <geogoð> youth, youngster geond - preposition; <geond> over, through(out) geong - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <geong> young gēre - noun, neuter; dative singular of <gēar> year gescæpene - strong verb, class VI; past participle <gescieppan, gescōp, gescōpon, gesceapen> shape, create gesceōp - strong verb, class VI; 3rd person singular preterite of <gescieppan, gescōp, gescōpon, gesceapen> shape, create geseah - strong verb, class V; 3rd person singular preterite of <gesēon, geseah, gesǣgon, gesegen> see, observe gesēce - weak verb, class I; 1st person singular present of <gesēcan, gesōhte, gesōht> seek, desire geseglian - weak verb, class II; infinitive of <geseglian, geseglode, geseglod> sail geseted - weak verb, class I; past participle of <gesettan, gesette, geseted> set (out), appoint, establish gesette - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <gesettan, gesette, geseted> set (out), appoint, establish gestah - strong verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <gestīgan, gestāh, gestigon, gestigen> mount, ascend gestrēon - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <gestrēon> wealth, treasure gesunde - adjective; nominative plural of <gesund> safe, unharmed geswincdagum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <geswinc-dæg> day of toil gesȳne - strong verb, class V; past participle of <gesēon, geseah, gesǣgon, gesegen> see, observe geþeo͡n - strong verb, class I; infinitive <geþēon, geþāh, geþigon, geþigen> thrive, prosper geþicgean - strong verb, class V; infinitive of <geþicgan, geþeah, geþǣgon, geþegen> take, accept, receive geþōhtas - noun, masculine; accusative plural of <geðōht> thought geþrange - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <geþrang> throng, tumult geþrungen - strong verb, class III; past participle of <þringan, þrong, þrungon, þrungen> throng, crowd, press geðungnestan - adjective used as substantive; superlative <geðungen> grown, excellent, distinguished gewat - strong verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <gewītan, gewāt, gewiton, gewiten> depart, go gewāt - strong verb, class I; 1st person singular preterite of <gewītan, gewāt, gewiton, gewiten> depart, go gewealc - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <gewealc> rolling, tossing gewinne - noun, neuter; dative singular of <gewinn> battle, strife, struggle geworhton - weak verb, class I; 3rd person plural preterite of <gewyrcan, geworhte, geworht> perform, achieve, accomplish gewundad - weak verb, class II; past participle of <gewundian, gewundode, gewundod> wound gewundode - weak verb, class II; 3rd person singular preterite of <gewundian, gewundode, gewundod> wound gewunigen - weak verb, class II; 3rd person plural present optative of <gewunian, gewunode, gewunod> remain with, stand by gewyrcean - weak verb, class I; infinitive of <gewyrcan, geworhte, geworht> perform, achieve, accomplish gif - conjunction; <gif> if gifena - strong noun, feminine; genitive plural of <giefu> gift, favor gīsle - noun, masculine; dative singular of <gīsel> hostage gleaw - adjective; nominative singular of <glēaw> wise, prudent gnornian - weak verb, class II; infinitive of <gnornian, gnornode, gnornod> mourn, lament gōd - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <gōd> good, excellent God - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <God> God, Deity gōde - adjective; dative singular neuter of <gōd> good, excellent Godes - proper noun, masculine; genitive singular of <God> God, Deity Godrīc - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Godrīc> Godric godsunu - strong noun, masculine; nominative singular of <godsunu> godson gold - noun, neuter; nominative singular of <gold> gold gold - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <gold> gold goldwine - noun, masculine; nominative singular <gold-wine> lit. gold-friend goldwine - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <gold-wine> lit. gold-friend gomban - weak noun, feminine; accusative singular of <gombe> tribute gomene - noun, neuter; dative singular of <gomen> pastime, pleasure, entertainment gongende - strong verb, class VII; present participle of <gongan, gēong, gēongon, gongen> go, walk Gotland - proper noun, neuter; nominative singular of <Got-land> Goth land grap - strong verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <grīpan, grāp, gripon, gripen> grasp, seize grēote - noun, neuter; dative singular of <grēot> grit, dust, earth grētte - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <grētan, grētte, grēted> greet, approach grund - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <grund> ground, earth guma - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <guma> man, hero gūðe - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <gūð> battle gūðe - noun, feminine; dative singular of <gūð> battle gūþe - noun, feminine; dative singular of <gūð> battle gyf - conjunction; <gif> if gyldan - strong verb, class III; infinitive of <gieldan, geald, guldon, golden> yield, pay habban - weak verb, class III; infinitive of <habban, hæfde, hæfd> have, possess habbað - weak verb, class III; 3rd person plural present of <habban, hæfde, hæfd> have, possess hæbbe - weak verb, class III; 1st person singular present of <habban, hæfde, hæfd> have, possess hafað - weak verb, class III; 3rd person singular present of <habban, hæfde, hæfd> have, possess hæfde - weak verb, class III; 3rd person singular preterite of <habban, hæfde, hæfd> have, possess hæfdon - weak verb, class III; 3rd person plural preterite indicative of <habban, hæfde, hæfd> have, possess hafenode - weak verb, class II; 3rd person singular preterite of <hafenian, hafenode, hafenod> raise, lift up hægl - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <hagol> hail hālette - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <hālettan, hālette, hāleted> hail, salute Hālgoland - proper noun, neuter; nominative singular of <Hālgo-land> Helgeland hālig - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <hālig> holy hām - adverb; <hām> home, homewards Hāmtūnscīre - proper noun, feminine; dative singular of <Hāmtūn-scīr> Hampshire hæse - noun, feminine; dative singular of <hǣs> behest, command hǣt - strong verb, class VII; 3rd person singular present of <hātan, heht, hēton, hāten> call, name; order hāte - adjective; nominative plural feminine of <hāt> hot, fervid hātte - strong verb, class VII; 3rd person singular passive of <hātan, heht, hēton, hāten> call, name; order he - 3rd person pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it hē - 3rd person pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it hea - adjective; accusative plural masculine of <hēah> high hēah - adjective; nominative singular of <hēah> high healdan - strong verb, class VII; infinitive of <healdan, hēold, hēoldon, lealden> hold, retain, preserve healde - strong verb, class VII; 3rd person singular present subjunctive of <healdan, hēold, hēoldon, lealden> hold, retain, preserve healfe - noun, feminine; dative singular of <healf> half, part, side hēan - adjective; accusative plural masculine of <hēan> abject, depressed, miserable hēan - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <hēan> abject, depressed, miserable heardra - adjective; comparative of <heard> stern, strong hearpan - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <hearpe> harp helpe - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <helpe> help, aid heofon - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <heofon> heaven, sky heofonrices - noun, neuter; genitive singular of <heofon-rīce> kingdom of heaven heofonrīces - noun, neuter; genitive singular of <heofon-rīce> kingdom of heaven heofonum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <heofon> heaven, sky heolstre - noun, masculine; dative singular of <heolstor> cover, concealment heonan - adverb; <heonon> hence heora - 3rd person pronoun; genitive plural of <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it heord - noun, feminine; nominative singular of <heord> care, custody heortan - noun, feminine; genitive singular of <heorte> heart heortan - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <heorte> heart heorte - noun, feminine; nominative singular of <heorte> heart heorðgenēatas - noun, masculine; nominative plural of <heorð-genēat> lit. hearth-companion hēow - strong verb, class VII; 3rd person singular preterite of <hēawan, hēow, hēowon, hēawen> hew, cut down, kill hēr - adverb; <hēr> here here - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <here> (enemy) army herenesse - noun, feminine; dative singular of <herenes> praise hergas - noun, masculine; nominative plural of <here> (enemy) army herge - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular present optative of <herian, herede, hered> praise, extol hergiað - weak verb, class II; 3rd person plural present of <hergian, hergode, gehergod> harry, raid, ravage hergode - weak verb, class II; 3rd person singular preterite of <hergian, hergode, gehergod> harry, raid, ravage herian - weak verb, class I; infinitive of <herian, herede, hered> praise, extol hēt - strong verb, class VII; 3rd person singular preterite of <hātan, heht, hēton, hāten> call, name; order het - strong verb, class VII; 3rd person singular preterite of <hātan, heht, hēton, hāten> call, name; order hī - 3rd person pronoun; accusative plural of <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it hī - 3rd person pronoun; nominative plural of <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it hider - adverb; <hider> here, hither hīe - 3rd person pronoun; used as reflexive <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it hīe - 3rd person pronoun; accusative plural of <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it hīe - 3rd person pronoun; nominative plural of <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it hiera - 3rd person pronoun; genitive plural of <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it hīerran - adjective; comparative <hēah> high hige - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <hyge> heart, mind, soul hilde - strong noun, feminine; dative singular of <hild> battle, war hildedēore - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <hilde-dēor> lit. battle-bold him - 3rd person pronoun; dative of <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it him - 3rd person pronoun; used as reflexive <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it him - 3rd person pronoun; dative plural of <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it him - 3rd person pronoun; dative singular masculine of <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it hine - 3rd person pronoun; used as reflexive <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it hine - 3rd person pronoun; accusative singular masculine of <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it his - 3rd person pronoun; genitive singular masculine of <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it his - 3rd person pronoun; genitive singular neuter of <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it hit - 3rd person pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it hit - 3rd person pronoun; nominative singular neuter of <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it hlāford - strong noun, masculine; nominative singular of <hlāford> lord, master hlāforde - strong noun, masculine; dative singular of <hlāford> lord, master hlāfordes - strong noun, masculine; genitive singular of <hlāford> lord, master hlǣw - strong noun, masculine; accusative singular of <hlǣw> mound hleahtor - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <hleahtor> laughter, jubilation hlēomǣga - noun, masculine; genitive plural of <hlēo-mǣg> lit. protector-kinsman hlēoþor - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <hlēoðor> song, sound hlimman - strong verb, class III; infinitive of <hlimman, hlamm, hlumon, hlummen> roar, resound hliðe - noun, neuter; dative singular of <hlið> cliff, hill hof - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <hof> court; dwelling hold - adjective; <hold> gracious, favorable hondum - noun, feminine; dative plural of <hond> hand hordcofan - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <hord-cofa> treasure chamber, lit. hoard cove horde - noun, neuter; dative singular of <hord> hoard, treasure horsþegn - strong noun, masculine; nominative singular of <hors-þegn> horse-thane hrēo - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <hrēo> fierce, wild, savage hreoh - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <hrēo> fierce, wild, savage hrēran - weak verb, class I; infinitive of <hrēran, hrērde, hrēred> move, stir hrīm - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <hrīm> rime, hoar-frost hrīmcealde - adjective; accusative singular feminine of <hrīm-ceald> ice-cold, frosty hrīmgicelum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <hrīm-gicel> icicle hrof - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <hrōf> roof hrōfe - noun, masculine; dative singular of <hrōf> roof Hrōfesceastre - proper noun, feminine; dative singular of <Hrōfe-ceaster> Rochester hronrāde - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <hron-rād> sea, lit. whale-road hrūsan - noun, feminine; genitive singular of <hrūse> earth, ground hryre - strong noun, masculine; accusative singular of <hryre> death, fall, ruin hryre - strong noun, masculine; genitive plural of <hryre> death, fall, ruin hū - conjunction; <hū> how hū - adverbial conjunction; <hū> how huilpan - noun, feminine; genitive singular of <hwilpe> curlew? water-bird hund - numeral; <hund> hundred hungor - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <hungor> hunger hūs - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <hūs> house hūse - noun, neuter; dative singular of <hūs> house hwǣr - adverbial conjunction; <hwǣr> where hwæt - interrogative pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <hwā, hwā, hwæt> who, what hwæt - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <hwætt> bold, valiant hwæthwegu - indefinite pronoun; accusative singular of <hwæt-hwegu> something hwæðere - conjunction; <hwæðere> but, yet, however hwēne - adverb; <hwōn> somewhat, a little hwīle - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <hwīl> while, time hwīlum - noun, feminine; dative plural of <hwīl> while, time hwōn - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <hwōn> trifle hȳ - 3rd person pronoun; accusative plural of <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it hȳ - 3rd person pronoun; nominative plural of <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it hycge - weak verb, class III; 3rd person singular present subjunctive of <hycgan, hogode, hogod> think, resolve hyge - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <hyge> heart, mind, soul hygeteonan - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <hygeteona> injury, insult hȳnde - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <hȳnan, hȳnde, hȳned> despise, injure, insult hyra - 3rd person pronoun; genitive plural of <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it hȳran - weak verb, class I; infinitive of <hīeran, hīerde, hīered> hear, obey; belong hyrsta - noun, feminine; accusative plural of <hyrst> armor, ornament hyt - 3rd person pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it ic - 1st person pronoun; nominative singular of <ic> I īgland - noun, neuter; nominative plural of <īglond> island ilcan - adjective; instrumental singular neuter of <ilca> same ilcan - adjective; genitive singular neuter of <ilca> same ilce - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <ilca> same in - preposition; <in> in, into indryhten - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <indrihten> (very) noble innan - preposition; <innan> in, within innan - preposition used as adverb; <innan> in, within intinga - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <intinga> cause, reason Īraland - proper noun, neuter; nominative singular of <Īra-land> Ireland Īralande - proper noun, neuter; dative singular of <Īra-land> Ireland is - anomalous verb; 3rd person singular present indicative of <bēon> be, become, exist īscaldne - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <īs-ceald> ice-cold īscealdne - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <īs-ceald> ice-cold īsigfeþera - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <īsig-feðera> lit. icy-feathered iū - adverb; <gīo> before, of old kyning - strong noun, masculine; accusative singular of <cyning> king lædan - weak verb, class I; infinitive of <lǣdan, lǣde, lǣded> lead, bring lǣded - weak verb, class I; past participle of <lǣdan, lǣde, lǣded> lead, bring lǣfde - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <lǣfan, lǣfde, lǣfed> leave, bequeath lāfe - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <lāf> remnant, what is left læg - strong verb, class V; 3rd person singular preterite of <licgan, læg, lǣgon, legen> lie, extend, be situated lǣge - strong verb, class V; 3rd person singular preterite subjunctive of <licgan, læg, lǣgon, legen> lie, extend, be situated lǣgon - strong verb, class V; 3rd person plural preterite of <licgan, læg, lǣgon, legen> lie, extend, be situated lagulāde - strong noun, feminine; accusative singular of <lagu-lād> water-way, ocean journey Lameches - proper noun, masculine; genitive singular of <Lamech> Lamech land - strong noun, neuter; accusative singular of <lond> land, realm, country land - strong noun, neuter; nominative singular of <lond> land, realm, country lande - strong noun, neuter; dative singular of <lond> land, realm, country lang - adjective; accusative plural of <lang> long lang - adjective; nominative singular of <lang> long lange - adjective; nominative plural of <lang> long lange - adjective; accusative singular feminine of <lang> long lǣrde - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <lǣran, lǣrde, lǣred> teach, advise, exhort lāstum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <lāst> track, footprint lēode - noun, masculine; accusative plural of <lēod> person, member of tribe lēode - noun, masculine; nominative plural of <lēod> person, member of tribe lēodum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <lēod> person, member of tribe lēofan - adjective; dative singular of <lēof> lief, dear, beloved lēofra - adjective; comparative <lēof> lief, dear, beloved lēofra - adjective; comparative of <lēof> lief, dear, beloved lēohte - adjective; accusative plural of <lēoht> light, easy lēoð - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <lēoð> song, poem let - strong verb, class VII; 3rd person singular preterite of <lǣtan, lēt, lēton, lǣten> let, allow licgan - strong verb, class V; infinitive of <licgan, læg, lǣgon, legen> lie, extend, be situated licgað - strong verb, class V; 3rd person plural present of <licgan, læg, lǣgon, legen> lie, extend, be situated lichaman - weak noun, masculine; dative singular of <līc-homa> body, flesh lifað - weak verb, class III; 3rd person singular present of <libban, lifde, lifd> live līfes - noun, neuter; genitive singular of <līf> life Līffrea͡ - proper noun, weak masculine; nominative singular of <Līf-frea͡> lit. Life-lord limo - noun, neuter; accusative plural of <lim> limb limpeð - strong verb, class III; 3rd person singular present of <limpan, lamp, lumpon, lumpen> befall, happen līð - strong verb, class V; 3rd person singular present of <licgan, læg, lǣgon, legen> lie, extend, be situated līðost - adjective; superlative of <līðe> kind, gracious lōcude - weak verb, class II; 3rd person singular preterite of <locian, locode, locod> look lofdǣdum - strong noun, feminine; dative plural of <lof-dǣd> praiseworthy deed lofgeornost - adjective; superlative of <lof-georn> eager for praise lond - strong noun, neuter; accusative singular of <lond> land, realm, country londe - strong noun, neuter; dative singular of <lond> land, realm, country londes - strong noun, neuter; genitive singular of <lond> land, realm, country longe - adverb; <longe> for long (time) lust - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <lust> lust, desire, pleasure LX - numeral; <siextig> sixty lȳt - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <lȳt> little, small number lȳtlað - weak verb, class II; 3rd person singular present of <lȳtlian, lȳtlode, lȳtlod> lessen, diminish lȳtle - adjective; accusative plural of <lȳtel> little, small mā - adjective; anomalous comparative of <micel> much, great mæg - modal (preterit-present) verb, class V; 3rd person singular present indicative of <magan, mæg, magon, meahte> may, be able to mæg - modal (preterit-present) verb, class V; 1st person singular present indicative of <magan, mæg, magon, meahte> may, be able to mǣg - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <mǣg> kinsman mǣgas - noun, masculine; nominative plural of <mǣg> kinsman mæge - modal (preterit-present) verb, class V; 3rd person singular present optative of <magan, mæg, magon, meahte> may, be able to mægen - noun, neuter; nominative singular of <mægen> might, strength mǣgþa - noun, feminine; genitive plural of <mǣgþ> tribe, nation mǣgþum - noun, feminine; dative plural of <mǣgþ> tribe, nation mǣgum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <mǣg> kinsman mǣla - noun, neuter; genitive plural of <mǣl> time, occasion man - strong noun, masculine; nominative singular of <monn> man, person mǣnan - weak verb, class I; infinitive of <mǣnan, mǣnde, mǣned> moan, relate, speak of manfæhðu - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <mānfǣhðu> wickedness mænig - adjective; nominative singular of <mænig> many manige - adjective; nominative plural of <monig> many manna - strong noun, masculine; genitive plural of <monn> man, person māre - adjective; comparative of <mā> great, stout maþelode - weak verb, class II; 3rd person singular preterite of <maðelian, maðelode, maðelod> speak, address, harangue mǣw - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <mǣw> mew, sea-gull mē - 1st person pronoun; dative singular of <ic> I mē - 1st person pronoun; accusative singular of <ic> I meaht - modal (preterit-present) verb, class V; 2nd person singular present indicative of <magan, mæg, magon, meahte> may, be able to meahte - modal (preterit-present) verb, class V; 1st person singular preterite indicative of <magan, mæg, magon, meahte> may, be able to meahte - modal (preterit-present) verb, class V; 3rd person singular preterite indicative of <magan, mæg, magon, meahte> may, be able to meahten - modal (preterit-present) verb, class V; 3rd person plural preterite subjunctive of <magan, mæg, magon, meahte> may, be able to mec - 1st person pronoun; accusative singular of <ic> I medodrince - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <medu-drinc> mead-drink men - strong noun, masculine; nominative plural of <monn> man, person men - strong noun, masculine; dative singular of <monn> man, person men - strong noun, masculine; accusative plural of <monn> man, person meodosetla - noun, neuter; genitive plural of <medu-setl> lit. mead-seat meoduhealle - noun, feminine; dative singular of <medu-heall> mead-hall meras - noun, masculine; nominative plural of <mere> mere, lake, sea meras - noun, masculine; accusative plural of <mere> mere, lake, sea mere - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <mere> mere, lake, sea merehuses - noun, neuter; genitive singular of <mere-hūs> sea-house merewērges - adjective; <mere-wērig> sea-weary metod - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <metod> creator metodes - noun, masculine; genitive singular of <metod> creator mētton - weak verb, class I; 3rd person plural preterite of <mētan, mētte, mēted> meet, find metudes - noun, masculine; genitive singular of <metod> creator micle - adjective; nominative plural of <micel> much, great micle - adverb; <micel> much, very miclum - adverb; <micel> much, very mid - adverb; <mid> within mid - preposition; <mid> with middangeard - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <middan-eard> middle-earth, world middangeardes - noun, masculine; genitive singular of <middan-eard> middle-earth, world middeweard - adverb; <midde-weard> mid-ward, middling mihte - modal (preterit-present) verb, class V; 3rd person singular preterite optative of <magan, mæg, magon, meahte> may, be able to mihte - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <miht> might, power mihton - modal (preterit-present) verb, class V; 3rd person plural preterite indicative of <magan, mæg, magon, meahte> may, be able to mīla - noun, feminine; genitive plural of <mīl> mile mildust - adjective; superlative of <milde> mild, gentle miltse - strong noun, feminine; genitive singular of <milts> mercy, favor, kindness mīn - 1st person pronoun; genitive singular of <ic> I mīne - 1st person pronoun; used as adjective <ic> I mine - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <mine> mind, affection mīnne - 1st person pronoun; used as adjective <ic> I mīnum - 1st person pronoun; used as adjective <ic> I mōd - noun, neuter; nominative singular of <mōd> mood, mind mōdcearig - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <mōd-cearig> anxious, sorrowful, lit. mood-caring mōdes - noun, neuter; genitive singular of <mōd> mood, mind mōdgeþonc - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <mōdgeþonc> conception, purpose mōdsefan - weak noun, masculine; accusative singular of <mōd-sefa> mind, spirit mōdwlonc - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <mōd-wlonc> haughty, lit. mood-proud mon - strong noun, masculine; nominative singular of <monn> man, person monað - weak verb, class II; 3rd person singular present of <manian, manode, manod> warn, exhort, admonish moncynnes - noun, neuter; genitive singular of <monn-cynn> mankind monegum - adjective; dative plural feminine of <monig> many monna - strong noun, masculine; genitive plural of <monn> man, person monnum - strong noun, masculine; dative plural of <monn> man, person mōnðe - noun, masculine; dative singular of <mōnað> month monðwǣrust - adjective; superlative of <monðwǣre> kind, gentle mōr - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <mōr> moor; mountainous region mōr - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <mōr> moor; mountainous region mōras - noun, masculine; accusative plural of <mōr> moor; mountainous region mōre - noun, masculine; dative singular of <mōr> moor; mountainous region mōres - noun, masculine; genitive singular of <mōr> moor; mountainous region morgenne - strong noun, masculine; dative singular of <morgen> morning mōrum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <mōr> moor; mountainous region mundum - noun, feminine; dative plural of <mund> hand muð - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <mūð> mouth mūðan - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <mūða> mouth of a river, estuary mūðan - noun, masculine; dative singular of <mūða> mouth of a river, estuary mycel - adjective; nominative singular feminine of <micel> much, great mycel - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <micel> much, great nā - adverb; <nā> no, nor, not (at all) næbbe - contraction; adverb <ne> not + weak verb, class III; 3rd person singular present subjunctive <habban, hæfde, hæfd> have, possess nacan - noun, masculine; genitive singular of <naca> boat, ship næfde - adverb; <ne> not + weak verb, class III; 3rd person singular preterite <habban, hæfde, hæfd> have, possess nǣfre - contraction; adverb <ne> not + adverb; <ǣfre> ever, always nālæs - adverb; <nālæs> not at all nāles - adverb; <nālæs> not at all naman - weak noun, masculine; dative singular of <nama> name nān - contraction; adverb <ne> not + indefinite article; <ān> a, an, one nǣnig - contraction; adverb <ne> not + adjective; <ǣnig> any nāp - strong verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <nīpan, nāp, nipon, nipen> grow dark, obscure nǣre - contraction; adverb <ne> not + anomalous verb; 3rd person singular preterite subjunctive of <wesan> be, happen nǣron - contraction; adverb <ne> not + anomalous verb; 3rd person plural preterite indicative of <wesan> be, happen næs - contraction; adverb <ne> not + anomalous verb; 3rd person singular preterite indicative of <wesan> be, happen nāwðer - conjunction; <nā-hwæðer> neither...nor ne - adverb; <ne> not nēah - adverb; <nēah> near nēalǣcan - weak verb, class I; infinitive of <nēalǣcan, nēalǣcte, nēalǣced> approach, draw near nearo - adjective; accusative singular feminine of <nearu> narrow; full of hardship nēata - noun, neuter; genitive plural of <nēat> ox, cow nemde - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <nemnan, nemde, nemed> name, call nēotan - strong verb, class II; infinitive of <nēotan, nēat, nudon, noden> use, employ nergend - noun, masculine; <nergend> preserver, savior nigonum - numeral; dative plural of <nigon> nine niht - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <niht> night nihta - noun, feminine; genitive plural of <niht> night nihte - noun, feminine; dative singular of <niht> night nihtscua - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <nihts-cūa> night's cover nihtwaco - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <niht-waco> night-watch nis - contraction; adverb <ne> not + anomalous verb; 3rd person singular present indicative of <is> be, become, exist nið - noun, masculine; <nīð> enmity, hostility nīðhēdige - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <nīð-hēdig> lit. battle-resolved nīwena - adjective; genitive plural of <nīwe> new, fresh Noe - proper noun, masculine; <Noe> Noah nōht - adjective; <nā> no, not + noun, neuter; accusative <wiht> whit, thing nolde - contraction; adverb <ne> not + anomalous verb; 3rd person singular preterite indicative of <willan> wish, be willing noldon - contraction; adverb <ne> not + anomalous verb; 3rd person plural preterite indicative of <willan> wish, be willing norþan - adverb; <norðan> from the north norðeweard - adverb; <norð-weard> northward norðeweardum - adjective; dative singular neuter of <norð-weard> northward Norðhymbre - proper noun, masculine plural; accusative of <Norð-hymbre> Northumbrians, Northumbria Norðhymbrum - proper noun, masculine plural; dative of <Norð-hymbre> Northumbrians, Northumbria Norðmanna - proper noun, masculine; genitive plural of <Norð-mann> Norwegian, lit. north-man Norðmen - proper noun, masculine; nominative plural of <Norð-mann> Norwegian, lit. north-man Norðmen - proper noun, masculine; accusative plural of <Norð-mann> Norwegian, lit. north-man norðor - adverb; comparative of <norð> north(wards) Norðweg - proper noun, neuter; nominative singular of <Norðweg> Norway, lit. way leading north nū - adverb; <nū> now nytwyrðoste - adjective; superlative <nyt-wyrðe> useful of - preposition; <of> from, of ofer - preposition; <ofer> over, across oferfēran - weak verb, class I; infinitive of <oferfēran, oferfērde, oferfēred> traverse ofslægen - strong verb, class VI; past participle of <ofslean, ofslōh, ofslōgon, ofslægen> slay, destroy ofslægene - strong verb, class VI; past participle of <ofslean, ofslōh, ofslōgon, ofslægen> slay, destroy ofslægenne - strong verb, class VI; past participle of <ofslean, ofslōh, ofslōgon, ofslægen> slay, destroy ofslōgon - strong verb, class VI; 3rd person plural preterite of <ofslean, ofslōh, ofslōgon, ofslægen> slay, destroy oft - adverb; <oft> often, frequently oftēah - strong verb, class II; 3rd person singular preterite of <oftēon, oftēah, oftugon, oftogen> deny, deprive Ōhthere - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Ōhthere> Ohthere on - preposition; <on> on(to), upon on hoh - preposition; <on> on(to), upon + noun, masculine; <hōh> heel; promontory oncwæð - strong verb, class V; 3rd person singular preterite of <oncweðan, oncwæð, oncwǣdon, oncweden> answer, reply to ond - conjunction; <and> and onfēng - strong verb, class VII; 3rd person singular preterite of <onfōn, onfēng, onfēngon, onfangen> accept, receive onfundon - strong verb, class III; 3rd person plural preterite of <onfindan, onfond, onfundon, onfunden> find out, realize ongan - strong verb, class III; 3rd person singular preterite of <onginnan, ongonn, ongunnon, ongunnen> begin, attempt ongēan - adverb; <ongēan> against, back ongeat - strong verb, class V; 3rd person singular preterite of <ongietan, ongeat, ongēaton, ongieten> grasp, understand ongēn - preposition; <ongēan> against, back onmunden - preterite-present verb, class IV; 3rd person plural preterite subjunctive of <onmunan, onman, onmunon, onmunde> esteem, remember, think worthy onslǣpte - strong verb, class VII; 3rd person singular preterite of <onslǣpan, onslēp, onslēpon, onslǣpen> fall asleep onstealde - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <onstellan, onstealde, onsteled> establish, institute ord - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <ord> source, beginning Ōsrīc - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Ōsrīc> Osric Ōswold - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Ōswold> Oswold - adverbial conjunction; <oð> until - preposition; <oð> until, up to, as far as - adverbial conjunction; <oð> until oð þæt - adverbial conjunction; <oð þæt> until oþ þæt - adverbial conjunction; <oð þæt> until oðer - adjective; <ōðer> other, next, second ōðre - adjective; dative singular feminine of <ōðer> other, next, second ōðru - adjective used as substantive; nominative plural of <ōðer> other, next, second oððe - correlative conjunction; <oððe> or oþþe - correlative conjunction; <oððe> or oðwand - strong verb, class III; 3rd person singular preterite of <oðwindan, oðwand, oðwundon, oðwunden> escape port - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <port> port, harbor radost - adjective; superlative of <hraðe> quick, hasty rǣsde - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <rǣsan, rǣsde, rǣsed> rush, hasten regn - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <regn> rain reste - noun, feminine; dative singular of <rest> rest, resting place reðe - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <rēðe> fierce, cruel rīces - weak noun, neuter; genitive singular of <rīce> kingdom, reign ridon - strong verb, class I; 3rd person plural preterite of <rīdan, rād, ridon, riden> ride riodan - strong verb, class I; 3rd person plural preterite of <rīdan, rād, ridon, riden> ride roderum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <rodor> sky, heaven rume - adverb; <rūm> roomy, spacious sǣ - noun, feminine; nominative singular of <sǣ> sea, lake sǣ - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <sǣ> sea, lake sǣde - weak verb, class III; 3rd person singular preterite of <secgan, sægde, sægd> say sǣfōre - noun, feminine; dative singular of <sǣ-fōr> sea-voyage sǣlan - weak verb, class I; infinitive of <sǣlan, sǣlde, sǣled> bind sǣriman - noun, masculine; dative singular of <sǣ-rima> seashore, seacoast sæs - noun, feminine; nominative plural <sǣ> sea, lake sceal - modal (preterit-present) verb, class IV; 3rd person singular present indicative of <sculan, sceal, sculon, scolde> shall, ought to sceal - modal (preterit-present) verb, class IV; 1st person singular present indicative of <sculan, sceal, sculon, scolde> shall, ought to sceaþena - weak noun, masculine; genitive plural of <sceaða> enemy, warrior Scedelandum - proper noun, neuter; dative plural of <Scedeland> Danish land sceolde - modal (preterit-present) verb, class IV; 3rd person singular preterite indicative of <sculan, sceal, sculon, scolde> shall, ought to sceolde - modal (preterit-present) verb, class IV; 1st person singular preterite indicative of <sculan, sceal, sculon, scolde> shall, ought to sceolden - modal (preterit-present) verb, class IV; 3rd person plural preterite subjunctive of <sculan, sceal, sculon, scolde> shall, ought to sceoldon - modal (preterit-present) verb, class IV; 3rd person plural preterite indicative of <sculan, sceal, sculon, scolde> shall, ought to scile - modal (preterit-present) verb, class IV; 3rd person singular present optative of <sculan, sceal, sculon, scolde> shall, ought to scip - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <scip> ship scipa - noun, neuter; genitive plural of <scip> ship scipu - noun, neuter; nominative plural of <scip> ship scipu - noun, neuter; accusative plural of <scip> ship scipum - noun, neuter; dative plural of <scip> ship scīr - noun, feminine; nominative singular of <scīr> shire, district, division Scīrincges hēale - proper noun, masculine; dative singular of <Scīringes-hēal> Skiringssal Scīringes hēal - proper noun, masculine; accusative singular of <Scīringes-hēal> Skiringssal Scīringes hēal - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Scīringes-hēal> Skiringssal scolde - modal (preterit-present) verb, class IV; 3rd person singular preterite indicative of <sculan, sceal, sculon, scolde> shall, ought to scome - noun, feminine; dative singular of <scomu> shame sculan - modal (preterit-present) verb, class IV; 3rd person plural present indicative of <sculan, sceal, sculon, scolde> shall, ought to scūrum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <scūr> shower Scyld Scēfing - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Scyld Scēfing> Scyld Scefing Scyldes - proper noun, masculine; genitive singular of <Scyld> Scyld scypa - noun, neuter; accusative plural of <scip> ship scypene - noun, neuter; dative singular of <scypen> shed scyppend - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <scieppend> shaper, creator scyppendes - noun, masculine; genitive singular of <scieppend> shaper, creator scypu - noun, neuter; accusative plural of <scip> ship se - demonstrative used as 3rd person pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <sē, sēo, ðæt> he, she, it se - definite article; nominative singular masculine of <se, sēo, ðæt> the sē - demonstrative used as relative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <sē, sēo, ðæt> who, which, that sē - demonstrative used as 3rd person pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <sē, sēo, ðæt> he, she, it sealtȳþa - strong noun, feminine; genitive plural of <sealt-ȳð> lit. salt-wave secgan - weak verb, class III; infinitive of <secgan, sægde, sægd> say secgas - noun, masculine; accusative plural of <secg> man, warrior seglian - weak verb, class II; infinitive of <seglian, seglode, seglod> sail segnade - weak verb, class II; 3rd person singular preterite of <segnian, segnade, segnad> bless, consecrate sele - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <sele> hall, house selesecgas - noun, masculine; accusative plural of <sele-secg> retainer, lit. hall hero sēlestena - adjective; comparative <sēlla> better selfa - reflexive pronoun; nominative singular of <self> self, same selfum - reflexive pronoun; dative singular of <self> self, same sende - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <sendan, sende, sened> send sēo - demonstrative used as 3rd person pronoun; nominative singular feminine of <sē, sēo, ðæt> he, she, it sēo - definite article; nominative singular feminine of <se, sēo, ðæt> the seofedun - weak verb, class II; 3rd person plural preterite of <seofian, seofade, seofad> sigh, lament sēon - strong verb, class V; infinitive of <sēon, seah, sǣgon, segen> see, look sex - numeral; <siex> six sidne - adjective; accusative singular of <sīd> wide, extensive Sigene - proper noun, feminine; dative singular of <Sigen> Seine siglu - noun, neuter; accusative plural of <sigle> brooch, jewel, necklace sigora - noun, masculine; genitive plural of <sigor> victory Sillende - proper noun, neuter; nominative singular of <Sillende> Zealand simle - adverb; <simle> ever, always sinces - noun, neuter; genitive singular of <sinc> jewels, riches, treasure sincþege - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <sinc-þegu> lit. treasure receipt sing - strong verb, class III; 2nd person singular imperative of <singan, sang, sungon, sungen> sing, compose singan - strong verb, class III; infinitive of <singan, sang, sungon, sungen> sing, compose singende - strong verb, class III; present participle of <singan, sang, sungon, sungen> sing, compose sint - anomalous verb; 3rd person plural present indicative of <is> be, become, exist sinum - 3rd person pronoun; used as adjective <hē, hēo, hit> he, she, it sīo - definite article; nominative singular feminine of <se, sēo, ðæt> the sīþas - noun, masculine; accusative plural of <sīð> journey, voyage siþþan - adverb; <siððan> since, when, afterwards siððan - adverb; <siððan> since, when, afterwards slāt - strong verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <slītan, slāt, sliton, sliten> slit, tear slīþen - adjective; nominative singular feminine of <slīðen> cruel, dire, evil smæl - adjective; nominative singular of <smæl> small, narrow smalost - adjective; superlative of <smæl> small, narrow smælre - adjective; comparative of <smæl> small, narrow snīwde - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <snīwan, snīwde, snīwed> snow sōhte - weak verb, class I; 1st person singular preterite of <sēcan, sōhte, sōht> seek, desire somed - adverb; <somod> also, together sōna - adverb; <sōna> immediately song - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <song> song sorg - noun, feminine; nominative singular of <sorg> sorrow, grief, distress sorge - noun, feminine; dative singular of <sorg> sorrow, grief, distress sōþe - noun, neuter; dative singular of <sōð> truth sōðgied - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <sōð-gied> lit. true tale spedum - noun, feminine; dative plural of <spēd> means, riches, success sprang - strong verb, class III; 3rd person singular preterite of <springan, sprang, sprungon, sprungen> spring, burst forth, spread sprecan - strong verb, class V; infinitive of <sprecan, spræc, sprǣcon, sprecen> speak, say sprecende - strong verb, class V; present participle of <sprecan, spræc, sprǣcon, sprecen> speak, say stælhergum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <stæl-here> marauding army stānclifu - noun, neuter; accusative plural of <stān-clif> stony cliff stæðweallas - noun, masculine; accusative plural of <stæð-weall> shore-wall stearn - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <stearn> tern, sea-swallow stefnan - noun, masculine; dative singular of <stefn> stem; prow, stern stēorbord - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <stēor-bord> starboard, lit. stear(ing)-board stigon - strong verb, class I; 3rd person plural preterite of <stīgan, stāh, stigon, stigen> rise, ascend stīð - adjective; nominative singular neuter of <stīð> stiff, stern, brave stōd - strong verb, class VI; 3rd person singular preterite of <standan, stōd, stōdon, standen> stand stōdon - strong verb, class VI; 3rd person plural preterite of <standan, stōd, stōdon, standen> stand stormas - noun, masculine; nominative plural of <storm> storm, tempest; attack stōwum - strong noun, feminine; dative plural of <stōw> place strang - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <strang> strong strēamas - noun, masculine; accusative plural of <strēam> stream sum - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <sum> some, a certain sum - adjective used as substantive; nominative singular masculine of <sum> some, a certain sume - adjective used as substantive; nominative plural of <sum> some, a certain sumera - noun, masculine; dative singular of <sumor> summer sumre - adjective; dative singular feminine of <sum> some, a certain sumum - adjective; dative singular masculine of <sum> some, a certain sumum - adjective; dative plural of <sum> some, a certain sund - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <sund> sea, water sunu - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <sunu> son sūð - adverb; <sūð> south(wards) sūðeweardum - adjective; dative singular of <sūðe-weard> southward Sūðseaxum - proper noun, masculine plural; dative of <Sūð-Seaxan> South Saxons, Sussex sūðstæðe - noun, neuter; dative singular of <sūð-stæð> south shore swā - adverb; <swā> so, thus swā - adverbial conjunction; <swā> so, thus swa - adverb; <swā> so, thus swā hwelc swā - pronoun; <swā hwilc swā> whosoever swearte - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <sweart> dark, black, swarthy swefn - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <swefn> dream swēg - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <swēg> noise, sound Swēoland - proper noun, neuter; nominative singular of <Swēo-land> Sweden sweotule - adverb; <sweotole> clearly, plainly swiftran - adjective; comparative <swift> swift swilc - pronoun; <swilc> such swiðe - adverb; <swīðe> very, exceedingly swīþe - adverb; <swīðe> very, exceedingly swīðe - adverb; <swīðe> very, exceedingly swīþor - adverb; comparative of <swīðe> very, exceedingly swīþost - adverb; superlative of <swīðe> very, exceedingly Swīðulf - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Swīðulf> Swithulf swīþust - adverb; superlative of <swīðe> very, exceedingly swogan - strong verb, class VII; infinitive of <swogan, swēog, swēogon, swōgen> resound, roar swylce - adverb; <swilce> such (manner), thus, likewise swȳðe - adverb; <swīðe> very, exceedingly swȳþe - adverb; <swīðe> very, exceedingly sylf - reflexive pronoun; <self> self, same sylfum - reflexive pronoun; dative singular of <self> self, same symble - noun, neuter; dative singular of <symbel> feast symle - adverb; <simle> ever, always synd - anomalous verb; 3rd person plural present indicative of <is> be, become, exist syðþan - adverb; <syððan> afterwards syððan - adverb; <syððan> afterwards syx - numeral; <siex> six syxhund - numeral; <siex-hund> six hundred syxtig - numeral; <siextig> sixty tæt - definite article; nominative singular neuter of <se, sēo, ðæt> the tēode - weak verb, class II; 3rd person singular preterite of <tēon, tēode, tēodod> adorn, settle tīde - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <tīd> time tīde - noun, feminine; dative singular of <tīd> time timbran - weak verb, class I; infinitive of <timbran, timbrede, timbred> build, construct timbredon - weak verb, class I; 3rd person plural preterite of <timbran, timbrede, timbred> build, construct to - adverb; <tō> as, for tō - preposition; <tō> (in)to tō hwon - interrogative pronoun; instrumental singular of <tō hwon> why tō þæs - adverb; <tō þæs> so tōemnes - preposition; <tōemnes> alongside tōfōr - strong verb, class VI; 3rd person plural preterite of <tō-faran, tō-fōr, tō-fōron, tō-faren> disperse, separate trymedon - weak verb, class I; 3rd person plural preterite of <trymian, trymede, trymed> exhort, encourage tū - numeral; accusative plural neuter of <twēgen, twā, tū> twain, two tū - numeral; nominative plural neuter of <twēgen, twā, tū> twain, two twām - numeral; feminine plural of <twēgen, twā, tū> twain, two twelfe - numeral; <twelf> twelve tȳn - numeral; <tīen> ten þā - definite article; accusative plural of <se, sēo, ðæt> the þā - adverbial conjunction; <þā> then, when þā - definite article; nominative plural of <se, sēo, ðæt> the þa - demonstrative article; accusative singular feminine of <se, sēo, ðæt> that ðā - definite article; accusative singular feminine of <se, sēo, ðæt> the þā - definite article; accusative singular feminine of <se, sēo, ðæt> the þā - demonstrative pronoun; nominative plural of <sē, sēo, ðæt> that þa - demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular feminine of <sē, sēo, ðæt> that ðā - definite article; accusative plural of <se, sēo, ðæt> the þā - demonstrative used as 3rd person pronoun; nominative plural of <sē, sēo, ðæt> he, she, it þa - adverbial conjunction; <þā> then, when þā - adverb; <þā> then, when þā - demonstrative article; accusative plural of <se, sēo, ðæt> that ðā - adverb; <þā> then, when ðā - definite article; nominative plural of <se, sēo, ðæt> the þāh - strong verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <ðēon, ðāh, ðigon, ðigen> thrive, prosper ðǣm - definite article; dative plural of <se, sēo, ðæt> the þǣm - demonstrative used as 3rd person pronoun; dative singular neuter of <sē, sēo, ðæt> he, she, it þǣm - definite article; dative singular neuter of <se, sēo, ðæt> the þām - demonstrative used as relative pronoun; dative singular masculine of <sē, sēo, ðæt> who, which, that þǣm - demonstrative article; dative singular neuter of <se, sēo, ðæt> that ðǣm - demonstrative used as 3rd person pronoun; dative singular masculine of <sē, sēo, ðæt> he, she, it þām - definite article; dative singular masculine of <se, sēo, ðæt> the ðǣm - definite article; dative singular masculine of <se, sēo, ðæt> the þǣm - definite article; dative singular masculine of <se, sēo, ðæt> the þǣm - demonstrative used as 3rd person pronoun; dative plural of <sē, sēo, ðæt> he, she, it þǣm - demonstrative article; dative plural of <se, sēo, ðæt> that þanon - adverb; <ðonan> thence, from there þær - adverb; <þǣr> there, where þǣr - adverb; <þǣr> there, where þāra - definite article; genitive plural of <se, sēo, ðæt> the þāra - demonstrative pronoun; genitive plural of <sē, sēo, ðæt> that þǣre - definite article; dative singular feminine of <se, sēo, ðæt> the þǣrinne - adverb; <þǣr inne> therein þǣrtō - adverb; <þǣr tō> thereto þās - demonstrative article; accusative singular feminine of <ðes, ðēos, ðis> this þæs - definite article; genitive singular neuter of <se, sēo, ðæt> the þæs - demonstrative used as 3rd person pronoun; genitive singular masculine of <sē, sēo, ðæt> he, she, it þæs - adverb; <þæs> so þās - demonstrative article; accusative plural of <ðes, ðēos, ðis> this þæs - definite article; genitive singular masculine of <se, sēo, ðæt> the þæs - demonstrative pronoun; genitive singular neuter of <sē, sēo, ðæt> that þæs - demonstrative used as 3rd person pronoun; genitive singular neuter of <sē, sēo, ðæt> he, she, it þæt - demonstrative used as relative pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <sē, sēo, ðæt> who, which, that þæt - definite article; accusative singular neuter of <se, sēo, ðæt> the ðæt - demonstrative article; accusative singular neuter of <se, sēo, ðæt> that ðæt - subordinating conjunction; <þæt> that þæt - demonstrative used as relative pronoun; nominative singular neuter of <sē, sēo, ðæt> who, which, that þæt - demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <sē, sēo, ðæt> that þæt - subordinating conjunction; <þæt> that þæt - demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular neuter of <sē, sēo, ðæt> that þæt - demonstrative article; accusative singular neuter of <se, sēo, ðæt> that þæt - conjunction; <þæt> so/in order that þæt - definite article; nominative singular neuter of <se, sēo, ðæt> the ðe - relative particle; <þe> that, which, who þe - conjunction; <þe> than, where þe - relative particle; <þe> that, which, who þē - conjunction; <ðē> as þē - relative particle; <þe> that, which, who þē - adverb; <þȳ> the þēah - adverb; <þēah> yet, though, however þēah - adverbial conjunction; <þēah> yet, though, however þēah þe - conjunction; <ðēah ðe> although, even if þeahte - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <ðeccan, ðeahte, ðeaht> cover, conceal ðearfe - noun, feminine; dative singular of <ðearf> need, requirement þēaw - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <ðēaw> habit, custom þegn - strong noun, masculine; nominative singular of <þegn> thane, warrior þegnas - strong noun, masculine; nominative plural of <þegn> thane, warrior þēh - adverbial conjunction; <þēah> yet, though, however þēna - strong noun, masculine; nominative plural of <þegn> thane, warrior þence - weak verb, class I; 1st person singular present of <ðencan, ðōhte, ðōht> think, intend, resolve þenceð - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular present of <ðencan, ðōhte, ðōht> think, intend, resolve þēodcyninga - noun, masculine; genitive plural of <ðēod-cyning> lit. people-king þider - adverb; <þider> thither þīs - demonstrative article; instrumental singular masculine of <ðes, ðēos, ðis> this þis - demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular neuter of <ðēs, ðēos, ðis> this þis - demonstrative article; nominative singular neuter of <ðes, ðēos, ðis> this þissum - demonstrative article; dative singular neuter of <ðes, ðēos, ðis> this þolian - weak verb, class II; infinitive of <ðolian, ðolade, ðolad> endure, hold out þon - adverb; <þonne> then, when þonan - adverb; <ðonan> thence, from there þonces - noun, masculine; genitive singular of <ðanc> thanks, grace, mercy þone - demonstrative used as 3rd person pronoun; accusative singular masculine of <sē, sēo, ðæt> he, she, it ðone - definite article; accusative singular masculine of <se, sēo, ðæt> the þone - demonstrative used as personal pronoun; accusative singular masculine of <sē, sēo, ðæt> he, she, it þone - demonstrative used as relative pronoun; accusative singular masculine of <sē, sēo, ðæt> who, which, that þone - definite article; accusative singular masculine of <se, sēo, ðæt> the ðonne - adverb; <þonne> then, when þonne - adverb; <þonne> then, when þrēatum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <ðrēat> band, troop þrēo - numeral; nominative plural neuter of <þrīe, þrēo, þrēo> three þrēora - numeral; genitive plural of <þrīe, þrēo, þrēo> three þrim - numeral; dative plural of <þrīe, þrēo, þrēo> three þringan - strong verb, class III; infinitive of <þringan, þrong, þrungon, þrungen> throng, crowd, press þrītig - numeral; <þrītig> thirty þrōwade - weak verb, class II; 1st person singular preterite of <ðrōwian, ðrōwade, ðrōwad> endure, suffer þrym - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <þrymm> glory, renown þrym - numeral; dative plural of <þrīe, þrēo, þrēo> three þū - 2nd person pronoun; nominative singular of <ðū> you ðūhte - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <ðyncan, ðūhte, geðūht> seem, appear; think þurh - preposition; <þurh> through, by (means of) þurhwōd - strong verb, class VI; 3rd person singular preterite of <ðurhwadan, ðurhwōd, ðurhwōdon, ðurhwaden> pierce, penetrate Þūrstānes - proper noun, masculine; genitive singular of <Þūrstān> Thurstan þȳ - definite article; instrumental singular neuter of <se, sēo, ðæt> the þyder - adverb; <þyder> thither þyssum - demonstrative pronoun; dative singular neuter of <ðēs, ðēos, ðis> this ðysum - demonstrative article; dative singular neuter of <ðes, ðēos, ðis> this ufeweardum - adjective; dative singular of <ufe-weard> upward ūhtna - weak noun, masculine; genitive plural of <ūhta> dawn, twilight under - preposition; <under> under unhēanlīce - adverb; <unhēanlīce> not disgracefully, not ignobly unnyt - adjective; nominative singular neuter of <unnyt> useless unstilnesse - strong noun, feminine; accusative singular of <unstilnes> disturbance, tumult unwāclīce - adverb; <unwāclīce> bravely, unwaveringly unwealtran - adjective; comparative <unwealt> steady ūp - adverb; <ūp> up, upwards up - adverb; <ūp> up, upwards uppe - adverb; <uppe> up, above ūre - 1st person pronoun; genitive plural of <ic> I ūrigfeþra - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <ūrig-feðera> lit. dewey-feathered urnon - strong verb, class III; 3rd person plural preterite of <yrnan, arn, urnon, urnen> run usser - 1st person pronoun; genitive plural of <ic> I ūt - adverb; <ūt> out ūtermere - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <ūter-mere> outer sea, open sea ūteweardum - adjective; dative singular masculine of <ūte-weard> outward ūþon - preterite-present verb, class III; 3rd person plural preterite subjunctive of <unnan, ann, unnon, ūðe> grant, bestow wadan - strong verb, class VI; infinitive of <wadan, wōd, wōdon, waden> wade, stride over wǣg - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <wǣg> wave, billow wæge - noun, masculine; dative singular of <wǣg> wave, billow wæglīðendum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <wæg-līðend> lit. wave-traveler wægþæl - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <wæg-þel> ship, lit. wave-planking wæl - noun, neuter; nominative singular of <wæl> carnage; battlefield waldend - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <wealdend> wielder, ruler, lord wæle - noun, neuter; dative singular of <wæl> carnage; battlefield wællgrim - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <wællgrim> fierce, cruel wælsleahta - strong noun, masculine; genitive plural of <wælsleaht> slaughter, carnage wælspere - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <wæl-spere> deadly spear wǣpna - noun, neuter; genitive plural of <wǣpen> weapon wǣran - anomalous verb; 3rd person plural preterite indicative of <wesan> be, happen warað - weak verb, class II; 3rd person singular present of <warian, warode, warod> guard, protect, occupy wǣre - anomalous verb; 3rd person singular preterite subjunctive of <wesan> be, happen wǣron - anomalous verb; 3rd person plural preterite indicative of <wesan> be, happen wǣrun - anomalous verb; 3rd person plural preterite indicative of <wesan> be, happen wæs - anomalous verb; 3rd person singular preterite indicative of <wesan> be, happen wæs - anomalous verb; 1st person singular preterite indicative of <wesan> be, happen wāt - preterite-present verb, class I; 3rd person singular present indicative of <witan, wāt, witon, wiste> know, observe wætrum - noun, neuter; dative plural of <wæter> water waþema - noun, masculine; genitive plural of <waðum> wave, sea wē - 1st person pronoun; nominative plural of <ic> I wealdend - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <wealdend> wielder, ruler, lord wealle - noun, masculine; dative singular of <weall> wall, rampart weard - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <weard> ward, guard, keeper weard - noun, masculine; <weard> ward, guard, keeper weard - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <weard> ward, guard, keeper wearð - strong verb, class III; 3rd person singular preterite of <weorðan, wearð, wurdon, worden> become, happen wearþ - strong verb, class III; 3rd person singular preterite of <weorðan, wearð, wurdon, worden> become, happen Wedra - proper noun, neuter; genitive plural of <Weder> Weder weg - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <weg> way wel hwǣr - adverb; <wel hwǣr> almost everywhere wēman - weak verb, class I; infinitive of <wēman, wēmde, wēmed> attract, entice, treat wendan - weak verb, class I; infinitive of <wendan, wende, wended> wend, turn, go wenede - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <wennan, wenede, wened> accustom; entertain (joyfully) weold - strong verb, class VII; 3rd person singular preterite of <wealdan, wēold, wēoldon, wealden> wield, direct weorc - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <weorc> work, deed weorðan - strong verb, class III; infinitive of <weorðan, wearð, wurdon, worden> become, happen weorðlīcost - adverb; superlative of <weorðlīc> worthily, honorably weorðmyndum - noun, feminine; dative plural of <weorðmynd> glory, honor, reverence weoruldhāde - noun, masculine; dative singular of <weorold hād> secular life wēox - strong verb, class VII; 3rd person singular preterite of <weaxan, wēox, wēoxon, wēaxen> wax, grow wer - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <wer> man wera - noun, masculine; genitive plural of <wer> man weras - noun, masculine; nominative plural of <wer> man werede - weak verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <werian, werede, wered> wear; defend, protect wērig - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <wērig> weary, exhausted wērige - adjective; nominative plural of <wērig> weary, exhausted wērigmōd - adjective; <wērig> weary, exhausted + noun, neuter; nominative singular of <mōd> mood, mind weroda - noun, neuter; genitive plural of <werod> army, band, host werum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <wer> man Westseaxna - proper noun, masculine plural; genitive of <West-Seaxan> West Saxons, Wessex wīcgerēfa - noun, masculine; nominative singular of <wīc-gerēfa> lit. wick-reeve wīcingas - noun, masculine; accusative plural of <wīcing> Viking, pirate wīcode - weak verb, class II; 3rd person singular preterite of <wician, wīcode, wīcod> camp, lodge wīde - adverb; <wīde> widely, far wif - noun, neuter; nominative plural of <wīf> wife, woman Wīferþ - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Wīferþ> Wiferth wīfes - noun, neuter; genitive singular of <wīf> wife, woman wīg - noun, neuter; nominative singular of <wīg> war, strife wigan - noun, masculine; nominative plural of <wiga> warrior Wīgelmes - proper noun, masculine; genitive singular of <Wīgelm> Wigelin wīgend - noun, masculine; nominative plural of <wīgend> warrior wīgplegan - noun, masculine; instrumental singular of <wīg-plega> battle, lit. war-play Wiht - proper noun, feminine; accusative singular of <Wiht> (Isle of) Wight wilde - adjective; accusative plural of <wilde> wild, untamed wilgesīþas - noun, masculine; nominative plural of <wilgesīð> dear companion wille - anomalous verb; 1st person singular present indicative of <willan> wish, be willing wille - anomalous verb; 3rd person singular present indicative of <willan> wish, be willing wille - anomalous verb; 3rd person singular present subjunctive of <willan> wish, be willing willeburnan - noun, feminine; nominative plural of <willeburne> well-spring wind - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <wind> wind windan - strong verb, class III; infinitive of <windan, wond, wundon, wunden> wind, twist, turn winedryhten - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <wine-dryhten> lit. friend-lord winemǣga - noun, masculine; genitive plural of <wine-mǣg> dear-, lit. friend-kinsman winemāgas - noun, masculine; accusative plural of <wine-mǣg> dear-, lit. friend-kinsman winemǣgum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <wine-mǣg> dear-, lit. friend-kinsman wīngāl - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <wīn-gāl> intoxicated, lit. wine-gay Winteceastre - proper noun, feminine; dative singular of <Winte-ceastre> Winchester winter - noun, masculine; accusative singular of <winter> winter, year wintercearig - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <winter-cearig> sorrowful, lit. winter-caring wintra - noun, masculine; genitive plural of <winter> winter, year wisse - preterite-present verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite indicative of <witan, wāt, witon, wiste> know, observe Wīstān - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Wīstān> Wistan wiste - noun, feminine; dative singular of <wist> feast, food, provision wið - preposition; <wið> against, along wið ēastan - adverb; <wið ēastan> to the east wið sūðan - adverb; <wið sūðan> to the south wið uppon - adverb; <wið uppan> upwards, above wiðstondan - strong verb, class VI; infinitive of <wiðstandan, wiðstōd, wiðstōdon, wiðstanden> withstand, resist wlonc - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <wlonc> proud wōd - strong verb, class VI; 1st person singular preterite of <wadan, wōd, wōdon, waden> wade, stride over wōdon - strong verb, class VI; 3rd person plural preterite of <wadan, wōd, wōdon, waden> wade, stride over wolcnum - noun, masculine; dative plural of <wolcen> sky, heaven wolde - anomalous verb; 3rd person singular preterite indicative of <willan> wish, be willing woldon - anomalous verb; 3rd person plural preterite indicative of <willan> wish, be willing wonnan - adjective; dative singular masculine of <wonn> dark word - noun, neuter; accusative plural of <word> word, speech wordgyd - strong noun, neuter; accusative singular of <wordgyd> lay, elegy wordon - noun, neuter; instrumental plural of <word> word, speech wordum - noun, neuter; dative plural of <word> word, speech woroldāre - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <worold-ār> worldly honor woruld - noun, feminine; accusative singular of <woruld> world wræc - strong verb, class V; 3rd person singular preterite of <wrecan, wræc, wræcon, wrecen> wreak, force; tell, utter wræccan - weak noun, masculine; genitive singular of <wrecca> wretch, exile wræclāst - strong noun, masculine; nominative singular of <wræc-lāst> path of exile, lit. misery track wræclāstas - strong noun, masculine; accusative plural of <wræc-lāst> path of exile, lit. misery track wræcon - strong verb, class V; 3rd person plural preterite of <wrecan, wræc, wræcon, wrecen> wreak, force; tell, utter wrāþra - adjective; genitive plural of <wrāð> wroth, angry wreah - strong verb, class I; 3rd person singular preterite of <wrēon, wrāh, wrigon, wrigen> hide, cover wrecan - strong verb, class V; infinitive of <wrecan, wræc, wræcon, wrecen> wreak, force; tell, utter wucum - noun, feminine; dative plural of <wucu> week wuldorcyninges - noun, neuter; <wuldor> glory, praise + strong noun, masculine; genitive singular <cyning> king wuldorfæder - noun, neuter; <wuldor> glory, praise + noun, masculine; genitive singular <fæder> father wuldres - noun, neuter; genitive singular of <wuldor> glory, praise Wulfred - proper noun, masculine; nominative singular of <Wulfred> Wulfred wunade - weak verb, class II; 1st person singular preterite of <wunian, wunode, wunod> dwell, live, remain wunden - strong verb, class III; past participle of <windan, wond, wundon, wunden> wind, twist, turn wundra - noun, neuter; genitive plural of <wundor> miracle, wonder wundum - noun, feminine; dative plural of <wund> wound wyn - strong noun, feminine; nominative singular of <wynn> joy, delight wynnum - strong noun, feminine; dative plural of <wynn> joy, delight wyrd - strong noun, feminine; nominative singular of <wyrd> fate, destiny wyrde - strong noun, feminine; dative singular of <wyrd> fate, destiny wyruldcyninga - noun, masculine; genitive plural of <worold-cyning> earthly king yfel - noun, neuter; accusative singular of <yfel> evil, mischief, wickedness ylde - indeclinable noun, masculine plural; nominative of <ylde> men yldo - noun, feminine; genitive singular of <yldu> (old) age ylfete - noun, feminine; genitive singular of <ilfetu> swan ymb - preposition; <ymbe> at, around ymbe - preposition; <ymbe> at, around ymbsittendra - strong verb, class V; present participle <ymbsittan, ymbsæt, ymbsǣton, ymbseten> besiege, lit. sit round ȳþa - strong noun, feminine; genitive plural of <ȳð> wave yða - strong noun, feminine; nominative plural of <ȳð> wave

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