Old French Online

French: English Meaning Index

This English Index lists, in alphabetical order, seemingly significant words used in the "general meaning" glosses of Base Forms underlying one or more surface (word) forms in lesson texts. For each English word, base forms having that word in their general meanings are shown, along with links to every usage, in every numbered lesson, of the associated surface forms. With this index, one may click on any link to perform a quick "usage look-up," and thereby study how surface forms in texts are constructed from base forms sharing a general English meaning word. In order to reduce clutter in this index, certain high-frequency English "function" words are ignored unless there are no "content" words in the meaning.

This index was created by software, not by human hand, using lesson materials authored with very few constraints on the expression of "meaning" other than it being in English. Selecting significant words from free-form text via software is a notoriously difficult task. For example, while most meanings in these lessons are expressed as "glosses," some or parts may be comments directed toward the human reader, who is expected to discern the difference. Computer software cannot yet make such subtle linguistic distinctions, so all words in a meaning are treated alike. With few exceptions, then, all words are indexed. The results are neither produced nor presented with any claims to superior linguistic sensitivity, but at least the full meaning texts are shown for your inspection and judgment. Modest effort was invested in tuning the software to ignore [apparently] superfluous, high-frequency words (e.g., the preposition "of") that, in the presence of [apparently] more important words, contribute little or no useful information to an index; unfortunately this may result in some words, in some contexts, being unfairly omitted.




ABANDON : <aviler> abandon, disgrace -- ABANDON : <fuir, fuier> flee from, abandon -- ABANDON : <guerpir> abandon, leave -- ABANDON : <laissier> leave, let, abandon -- ABJURE : <renoier, renier> abjure, deny -- ABLE : <pooir, poeir, poier> can, be able -- ABOVE : <seur, soure, sur, sor> on, over, to, above -- ABOVE : <sus, suz> up, above -- ACCUSE : <apeler> accuse, summon, call -- ACCUSTOMED : <soloir> be accustomed -- ACHAR : <Achar de Vercli> Achar de Vercli -- ADVISOR : <conseillier, conseilleor> counsellor, advisor -- AFFAIR : <cas> fall, event, affair -- AFFAIR : <chose, cose> thing, affair, creature -- AFFLICT : <corocier> anger, afflict -- AFRAID : <doter> doubt, be afraid -- AFRAID : <redoter> be afraid, fear -- AFTER : <apres> after, afterwards -- AFTER : <post> after -- AFTERWARDS : <apres> after, afterwards -- AGAINST : <a, ad> to, up to, against, in, on -- AGAINST : <contre> against, compared with -- AGAINST : <encontre> to, towards, against -- AGREE : <acreanter> promise, allow, agree -- AGREE : <creanter, granter> grant, agree -- AGREE : <otroier, otrier> grant, agree -- AGREEMENT : <chartre> letter, agreement -- ALEXIS : <Alexis> Alexis -- ALL : <nïent> not at all -- ALL : <quanque> all that -- ALL : <tot> all, every, completely -- ALLOW : <acreanter> promise, allow, agree -- ALONE : <sol> alone -- ALREADY : <ja, jai> now, already, at once -- ALSO : <aussi> also, likewise -- ALWAYS : <sempres, sempre> always, immediately -- AMONG : <entre> between, among, in the midst of -- AMUSE : <esbanir> amuse -- AND : <e, et, ed> and -- ANGER : <corocier> anger, afflict -- ANGER : <ire> anger, distress -- ANGER : <maltalent> anger -- ANGRY : <iré, irié> angry, distressed, furious -- ANJOU : <Anjou> Anjou -- ANNOUNCE : <noncier> announce, tell -- ANSEIS : <Anseis> Anseis -- ANSWER : <respondre> answer -- ANXIETY : <cure> care, anxiety -- ANY : <nul> no, not any -- ANYTHING : <rien> anything -- APARTMENT : <chambre> chamber, territory, royal apartment -- APOLLO : <Apollin> Apollo, Satan -- APPEAL : <clameor> appeal -- APPEARANCE : <contenant> demeanour, expression, appearance -- APPRECIATE : <aviser> look at, see, recognize, appreciate -- APPRECIATE : <prisier, proisier> esteem, appreciate -- ARM : <adober> arm oneself -- ARMY : <maisniee, maisnie> household, army -- AROUND : <tornoier> whirl around, tourney -- ARRIVAL : <avenement> arrival -- ARRIVAL : <venue> arrival -- ARRIVE : <ariver> arrive -- ARRIVE : <avenir> arrive, happen -- ARRIVE : <parvenir> arrive -- ART : <art> liberal art, craft -- AS : <com, comme> as -- ASK : <demander> ask, ask for -- ASK : <quere, querre> look for, want, ask -- ASK : <requerre> ask, beseech -- ASK : <rover> ask, call upon, order -- ASPIRANT : <bacheler, bachelor> young man, young knight aspirant, page -- ASSEMBLE : <assembler, assanler> call together, assemble, meet -- ATTENTION : <entendre> try, pay attention, understand, hear -- ATTENTION : <escolter> listen to, pay attention to -- ATTENTION : <penser> think, pay attention -- ATTRACTIVE : <avenant> beautiful, attractive -- AWAY : <feindre> do nothing, shy away -- AWAY : <loing, loin, luin, lonc> far, far away -- AWAY : <se departir> leave, go away -- BACK : <arriere, arrere, arire> back -- BACK : <ravoir> have back -- BAD : <mal> bad, mean, wretched -- BAD : <vilain> ugly, bad -- BADLY : <malement> badly -- BARIND : <Barintes> Barind -- BATTLE : <bataille> battle -- BATTLE : <estor, estorm> noise, tumult, battle -- BE : <estre, iestre, aistre> be -- BE : <se faire> be -- BEAK : <bec> beak -- BEARD : <barbe> beard -- BEARER : <gunfanuner> standard bearer -- BEAUTIFUL : <avenant> beautiful, attractive -- BEAUTIFUL : <gent> fair, handsome, beautiful -- BECAUSE : <quar, car> for, because -- BECOME : <angregier> grow worse, become more painful -- BECOME : <devenir> become -- BED : <grabatum> simple bed -- BED : <lit> bed -- BEFORE : <devant> before, in front of, in the presence of -- BEFORE : <presenter> present, offer, bring before the judge -- BEG : <prier, preier> pray, beg, beseech -- BEG : <reclamer> call upon, invoke, beg -- BEGIN : <comencier> begin, start -- BELIEVE : <mescroire> refuse to believe, suspect -- BELLY : <pance> stomach, belly -- BELOVED : <bel> dear, beloved, handsome -- BELOVED : <cher> beloved, expensive -- BEND : <ploier> bend, yield -- BESEECH : <prier, preier> pray, beg, beseech -- BESEECH : <requerre> ask, beseech -- BESIDE : <deles, delé, deleiz> next to; beside -- BETRAY : <mentir> lie, betray, deny, fail -- BETRAY : <trair> betray -- BETTER : <miels, mels> better, rather -- BETWEEN : <entre> between, among, in the midst of -- BIND : <lier, loier> bind -- BIRD : <oisel> bird -- BIRTH : <damoiselle> girl of noble birth -- BLAQUIE : <Blaquie> Blaquie -- BLAST : <aleine, alaine> blast, breath -- BLOOD : <sanc> blood -- BLOODY : <sanglent> bloody -- BLOW : <empeindre> blow, protrude -- BODY : <cors> body -- BOLD : <hardi> bold, brave -- BONDINE : <Jake de Bondine> Jake de Bondine -- BOOK : <livre> book, inventory -- BOOTY : <eschec> booty, loot -- BRAINS : <cervel> brains -- BRAVE : <baron> brave warrior, brave knight -- BRAVE : <gentil> noble, brave -- BRAVE : <hardi> bold, brave -- BREAD : <pain> bread -- BREAK : <freindre, fraindre> break -- BREAK : <rompre> break, burst -- BREATH : <aleine, alaine> blast, breath -- BRENDAN : <Brandain> Brendan -- BRING : <porter> carry, bring, wear -- BRING : <presenter> present, offer, bring before the judge -- BROTHER : <frere> brother -- BURN : <ardoir, ardre> burn -- BURN : <cuire> cook, burn -- BURST : <rompre> break, burst -- BUT : <mais, mes> but -- BY : <par> through, by, by reason of -- BY : <trespasser> pass, cross, go by -- CAHU : <Cahu> Cahu -- CALL : <apeler> accuse, summon, call -- CALL : <assembler, assanler> call together, assemble, meet -- CALL : <clamer> call, proclaim, confess -- CALL : <nomer> name, call -- CALL : <reclamer> call upon, invoke, beg -- CALL : <rover> ask, call upon, order -- CAN : <pooir, poeir, poier> can, be able -- CAPTIVITY : <prison> captivity, prison -- CAPTURE : <conquerre, cunquerre> conquer, capture -- CARE : <cure> care, anxiety -- CAREFUL : <curios> careful -- CARRY : <porter> carry, bring, wear -- CASTLE : <chastel, castel> castle -- CATAPULT : <cadable> catapult -- CATCH : <ataindre> reach, regain, catch -- CAUSE : <engeindre, engendrer> cause -- CHAIR : <faldestuel, faldestuef, faldestoed> folding chair for important person, throne -- CHAMBER : <chambre> chamber, territory, royal apartment -- CHAPEL : <chapele> chapel -- CHARACTER : <figure> form, person, character -- CHARACTER : <moralité> character, lesson -- CHARLEMAGNE : <Charles> Charles, Charlemagne -- CHARLES : <Charles> Charles, Charlemagne -- CHEATING : <engin, engien> skill, cheating -- CHEESE : <fromage> cheese -- CHESS : <eschecs> chess -- CHRIST : <Christ> Christ -- CHRIST : <Christus> Christ -- CHRISTIAN : <chrestien> christian -- CHRISTIAN : <virginitét> spiritual purity, christian purity -- CITY : <cit, citet> city, town -- CLERK : <clerc, clerge> clerk -- CLEVER : <cointe> refined, clever, elegant -- CLEVER : <saige, saive> clever, educated -- CLOSE : <pres de> close to -- CLOSE : <pres> close -- CLOTH : <paile> precious cloth -- COME : <issir> go out, come out -- COME : <venir> come, go -- COMMIT : <engagier> commit -- COMMIT : <mesprendre> make a mistake, commit a crime -- COMPARED : <contre> against, compared with -- COMPLAIN : <plaindre> complain, regret, mourn -- COMPLETELY : <tot> all, every, completely -- COMPLETELY : <tresprendre> overcome completely -- CONCERN : <chaloir> concern, matter -- CONDITION : <estre> life, condition, way of life -- CONFESS : <clamer> call, proclaim, confess -- CONQUER : <conquerre, cunquerre> conquer, capture -- CONQUER : <veintre> vanquish, conquer, overcome -- CONSIDER : <tenir> hold, keep, seize, consider -- CONSOLATION : <consolation> consolation -- CONSTANTINOPLE : <Costantinoble> Constantinople -- CONVERSATION : <parlement> conversation, word, meeting -- COOK : <cuire> cook, burn -- CORDRES : <Cordres> Cordres -- COUNSELLOR : <conseillier, conseilleor> counsellor, advisor -- COUNT : <conte> count -- COUNT : <conter> count, relate -- COUNTRY : <regne> kingdom, country -- COUNTRY : <terre> land, country, earth -- COWARDLY : <recreant> exhausted, cowardly -- CRAFT : <art> liberal art, craft -- CRAZY : <fol> crazy -- CREATURE : <chose, cose> thing, affair, creature -- CREATURE : <rien, ren> thing, creature, person -- CRIME : <mesprendre> make a mistake, commit a crime -- CRIPPLED : <enferm> ill, crippled, weak, unhealthy -- CROSS : <trespasser> pass, cross, go by -- CRUEL : <dur> hard, unrefined, cruel -- CRY : <enseigne> war cry -- CRY : <escrier> cry out, shout -- CRY : <plorer> cry, shed tears -- CUT : <tolir> take off, cut off -- CUT : <trenchier> cut -- DAME : <dame> lady, dame -- DANGER : <peril> danger -- DARE : <oser> dare -- DARK : <have> dark, sick, somber -- DAUGHTER : <fille> daughter -- DAY : <di> day -- DAY : <jorn, jor> day -- DAY : <jornee> day's journey -- DEAR : <bel> dear, beloved, handsome -- DEATH : <mort> death -- DECEIT : <feintise> pretense, deceit -- DECEIVE : <deçoivre> deceive, mislead -- DECEIVE : <engignier, engeignier> invent, seduce, deceive -- DECORATIVE : <garnement> decorative object -- DEEP : <altain> high, deep -- DEFEAT : <desconfire> demolish, defeat -- DEFENSE : <garant, garent> protection, defense -- DEFENSE : <resort> restriction, remedy, defense -- DEIGN : <daignier> deign -- DELAY : <demoree> delay, stay -- DELICIOUS : <delicios> delicious -- DEMEANOUR : <contenant> demeanour, expression, appearance -- DEMOLISH : <desconfire> demolish, defeat -- DEMON : <malfé> devil, demon -- DENY : <mentir> lie, betray, deny, fail -- DENY : <renoier, renier> abjure, deny -- DEPRIVE : <conserrer, consirrer> deprive, resign -- DESCEND : <descendre> descend, dismount -- DESIRE : <faim> hunger, desire -- DESTROY : <abatre> knock down, destroy -- DESTROY : <perir> perish, destroy -- DESTRUCTION : <perte> fall, destruction -- DEVIL : <deable, diavle> devil -- DEVIL : <enemi> enemy, devil -- DEVIL : <malfé> devil, demon -- DEVOTION : <servise> devotion, favor, task -- DEVOUR : <devorer> devour -- DIE : <morir> kill, die -- DIRECT : <droit> direct, right, proper -- DIRECTION : <devers, de vers> in the direction of, from the direction of -- DIRECTION : <sen, sens> direction, sense -- DISASTER : <mal> evil, disaster, illness -- DISGRACE : <aviler> abandon, disgrace -- DISGRACE : <honte> shame, disgrace -- DISMAYED : <esmaier> be dismayed -- DISMOUNT : <descendre> descend, dismount -- DISTAFF : <quenoille, queloigne> distaff -- DISTRESS : <ire> anger, distress -- DISTRESSED : <iré, irié> angry, distressed, furious -- DO : <feindre> do nothing, shy away -- DOUBT : <doter> doubt, be afraid -- DOVE : <colon, colomb> pigeon, dove -- DOWN : <abatre> knock down, destroy -- DOWN : <couchier> lie down -- DOWN : <se coucher> lie down -- DOWNWARDS : <adenz> face downwards -- DRINK : <bevre> drink -- DUKE : <duc> duke -- DWELLING : <ostel> house, dwelling -- EARLIER : <ainc, ainz, ains> earlier, rather -- EARTH : <terre> land, country, earth -- EARTHLY : <siecle, secle, seule> earthly life, world -- EAT : <mangier, manjuer> eat -- EDUCATED : <saige, saive> clever, educated -- EIGHT : <huit> eight -- EIGHTY : <.LXXX.> eighty -- ELEGANT : <cointe> refined, clever, elegant -- ELL : <alne> ell -- EMPEROR : <empereor> emperor -- EMPTY : <vain> weak, empty -- EMPTY : <vuit, vuide> empty -- END : <fenir, finir> end, stop -- ENEMY : <enemi> enemy, devil -- ENERGY : <element> force, energy, god -- ENTIRELY : <tot> entirely -- ESCORT : <convoier> escort -- ESTEEM : <onor, enor, anor> honor, respect, esteem, fief -- ESTEEM : <prisier, proisier> esteem, appreciate -- EUFEMIEN : <Eufemïen> Eufemien -- EULALIA : <Eulalia> Eulalia -- EVENT : <cas> fall, event, affair -- EVER : <ja> ever -- EVER : <onques> once, ever -- EVERY : <tot> all, every, completely -- EVIL : <mal> evil, disaster, illness -- EXCEPT : <fors> except -- EXCEPT : <hors> out, out of, except -- EXCESSIVELY : <trop> too much, extremely, excessively -- EXHAUSTED : <mat> feeble, exhausted, sad -- EXHAUSTED : <recreant> exhausted, cowardly -- EXHORT : <enorter> exhort, urge, seduce -- EXPEDITION : <chevauchie> expedition, ride -- EXPENSIVE : <cher> beloved, expensive -- EXPLAINE : <demostrer> show, indicate, explaine -- EXPRESSION : <contenant> demeanour, expression, appearance -- EXTREMELY : <trop> too much, extremely, excessively -- EYE : <oeuil, oil> eye -- FACE : <adenz> face downwards -- FAIL : <mentir> lie, betray, deny, fail -- FAINT : <se pasmer> faint, swoon -- FAIR : <gent> fair, handsome, beautiful -- FAITH : <foi, fei> faith, honor -- FALL : <cas> fall, event, affair -- FALL : <cheoir, chaeir> fall -- FALL : <perte> fall, destruction -- FALSE : <fals, faus> false -- FAMILY : <feu, fou> fire, family -- FAMILY : <lignage> lineage, family -- FAMILY : <parage> family, origin, rank -- FAR : <jusqu'a> as far as, up to -- FAR : <loing, loin, luin, lonc> far, far away -- FAR : <lonc, long, loing> long, far -- FATHER : <parent> father, parent -- FATHER : <pere> father -- FAVOR : <servise> devotion, favor, task -- FEAR : <paor, peor> fear -- FEAR : <redoter> be afraid, fear -- FEEBLE : <mat> feeble, exhausted, sad -- FEED : <paistre, pestre> feed -- FEEL : <sentir> smell, feel -- FENCE : <escremir, escrimer> fence -- FERVOR : <balt> happy, full of fervor -- FEW : <poi, pou, pau> little, few -- FEWER : <meins, mains, moins> less, fewer -- FIEF : <onor, enor, anor> honor, respect, esteem, fief -- FIERCE : <fier> fierce, strong, proud -- FIERCE : <fort> strong, hard, fierce -- FIFTEEN : <.XV.> fifteen -- FIFTEEN : <quinze> fifteen -- FIND : <trover> find -- FINEPOPLE : <Finepople> Finepople -- FINERY : <parament> finery, precious object -- FINGER : <doi, dei> finger -- FIRE : <feu, fou> fire, family -- FLEE : <fuir, fuier> flee from, abandon -- FLESH : <charn, char> flesh, meat -- FLOWER : <flor> flower -- FLOWER : <florir> flower -- FLY : <voler> fly -- FOLDING : <faldestuel, faldestuef, faldestoed> folding chair for important person, throne -- FOOT : <pié> foot -- FOR : <por> for -- FORBID : <veer> refuse, forbid -- FORCE : <element> force, energy, god -- FOREHEAD : <temple> temple, forehead -- FOREST : <bos, bois> forest, tree -- FORGIVE : <pardoner> forgive, pardon -- FORM : <figure> form, person, character -- FORMERLY : <ça en arriere> formerly, until now -- FORTUNE : <bien, ben> good, good fortune, well-being -- FOUR : <trente et quatre> thirty four -- FRANCE : <France> France -- FRANCE : <Franceis> free, noble, subject of the king of France -- FREE : <Franceis> free, noble, subject of the king of France -- FREQUENTLY : <sovent> frequently, often -- FRIEND : <ami> friend -- FRIEND : <amie> friend -- FRIGHTENED : <esbai> frightened, troubled, surprised -- FROM : <de> of, from -- FRONT : <devant> before, in front of, in the presence of -- FULL : <balt> happy, full of fervor -- FULL : <joieus> full of joy -- FULL : <plein, plain> full -- FURIOUS : <enragié> furious -- FURIOUS : <iré, irié> angry, distressed, furious -- FURTHER : <mais> more, further, rather -- GAME : <table> game -- GARDEN : <vergier> orchard, garden -- GEFREID : <Gefreid> Gefreid -- GENEROUS : <riche> powerful, strong, generous -- GENTLE : <dolz, dous> sweet, gentle -- GERER : <Gerer> Gerer -- GERIN : <Gerin> Gerin -- GILES : <Giles> Giles -- GIRL : <damoiselle> girl of noble birth -- GIRL : <polle> girl -- GIRL : <pucele> girl, servant, maiden -- GIVE : <baillier> own, receive, give -- GIVE : <comander> give, recommend, order -- GIVE : <concreidre> give in -- GIVE : <doner> give -- GIVE : <rendre> give, return -- GLORY : <gloire> glory -- GLOVE : <gant> glove -- GO : <aler> go -- GO : <issir> go out, come out -- GO : <se departir> leave, go away -- GO : <secorer> go to the help of -- GO : <trespasser> pass, cross, go by -- GO : <venir> come, go -- GOD : <Dieu, Deu> God -- GOD : <element> force, energy, god -- GODSON : <filuel> son, godson -- GOLD : <or> gold -- GOOD : <bien, ben> good, good fortune, well-being -- GOOD : <bon> good -- GRACE : <clementiam> grace -- GRACE : <merci> grace, mercy, pity -- GRACE : <pardon> grace, permission -- GRANDSON : <nevot, neveu> grandson, nephew -- GRANT : <creanter, granter> grant, agree -- GRANT : <otroier, otrier> grant, agree -- GRASS : <erbre> grass -- GREAT : <grant> great, large, tall -- GREAT : <magne> great -- GREATLY : <durement> greatly, sorely, very -- GREATLY : <forment> greatly, very, very much -- GREEK : <gré, grieu, griu, gri> Greek -- GREEN : <vert> green -- GREET : <saluer> salute, greet -- GRIEF : <dol, duel> suffering, grief -- GROW : <angregier> grow worse, become more painful -- GROW : <croistre, creistre> grow -- GUARD : <garder> watch over, guard -- GUEST : <herbergier> lodge, shelter, receive as guest -- HA : <ha> ha, hello -- HANDSOME : <bel> dear, beloved, handsome -- HANDSOME : <gent> fair, handsome, beautiful -- HANG : <pendre> hang -- HAPPEN : <avenir> arrive, happen -- HAPPY : <balt> happy, full of fervor -- HAPPY : <lié, liet> happy, joyful -- HARBOUR : <port> harbour, port -- HARD : <dur> hard, unrefined, cruel -- HARD : <fort> strong, hard, fierce -- HARM : <damage> trouble, harm -- HARM : <foler> harm -- HASTEN : <se haster, se hasteier> hasten -- HATRED : <haine> hatred -- HAUBERK : <halberc, osberc> hauberk -- HAVE : <avoir, aveir> have, be -- HAVE : <devoir> have to -- HAVE : <ravoir> have back -- HE : <il> he -- HE : <se> he -- HEAD : <chief> head -- HEAD : <teste> head -- HEALTH : <santé> health, well-being -- HEAR : <entendre> try, pay attention, understand, hear -- HEAR : <oir, odir> hear -- HEART : <cuer, coer, cor> heart -- HEATHEN : <paien, pagien> pagan, heathen -- HEATHEN : <paien> pagan, heathen -- HEAVEN : <ciel> heaven -- HELL : <enfern> hell -- HELLO : <ha> ha, hello -- HELP : <secorer> go to the help of -- HERE : <ceanz, seans> in here -- HERE : <ci> here -- HERE : <ça, çai> here, hither -- HERE : <ici, issi> here -- HERSEN : <Hersen> Hersen -- HIGH : <alt, aut, halt> high, strong, important -- HIGH : <altain> high, deep -- HILL : <pui> mountain, hill -- HIS : <son> his -- HITHER : <ça, çai> here, hither -- HOLD : <prendre> take, take hold of, seize -- HOLD : <tenir> hold, keep, seize, consider -- HOLY : <saint> holy -- HONOR : <foi, fei> faith, honor -- HONOR : <honestét> honor -- HONOR : <onor, enor, anor> honor, respect, esteem, fief -- HONORED : <honore> honored -- HORN : <corn, cor> horn -- HORN : <olifant> ivory horn -- HORROR : <tristece> sadness, horror -- HOUR : <ore, eure> hour, time -- HOUSE : <maison> house -- HOUSE : <ostel> house, dwelling -- HOUSEHOLD : <maisniee, maisnie> household, army -- HUNDRED : <.VIXX.> six times twenty, one hundred and twenty -- HUNGER : <faim> hunger, desire -- HUNT : <chasser> hunt -- IF : <se> if -- IF : <si> if -- IGNORANCE : <nonsavoir> ignorance -- ILL : <enferm> ill, crippled, weak, unhealthy -- ILLNESS : <enfermeté> physical or moral weakness, illness -- ILLNESS : <mal> evil, disaster, illness -- IMMEDIATELY : <endreit> precisely, right, immediately -- IMMEDIATELY : <maintenant> immediately, soon -- IMMEDIATELY : <sempres, sempre> always, immediately -- IMMEDIATELY : <tantost> immediately -- IMMEDIATELY : <tost> soon, immediately, quickly -- IMPORTANT : <alt, aut, halt> high, strong, important -- IMPORTANT : <faldestuel, faldestuef, faldestoed> folding chair for important person, throne -- INDEED : <voir> truly, indeed -- INDICATE : <demostrer> show, indicate, explaine -- INFORM : <enseignier> teach, inform, point out -- INTENTION : <maniere> way, intention -- INTO : <en> in, into, on, on top of -- INVENT : <engignier, engeignier> invent, seduce, deceive -- INVENTORY : <livre> book, inventory -- INVOKE : <reclamer> call upon, invoke, beg -- IRON : <fer> iron, weapon -- ISLAND : <isle, ille> island -- IT : <ço, ceo, ce, ceu> this, that, it -- IT : <en> of it -- IVORY : <olifant> ivory horn -- JAKE : <Jake de Bondine> Jake de Bondine -- JESUS : <Iesus> Jesus -- JOHN : <Johan> John -- JOURNEY : <jornee> day's journey -- JOY : <joi, joie> joy -- JOY : <joieus> full of joy -- JOYFUL : <lié, liet> happy, joyful -- JUDGE : <presenter> present, offer, bring before the judge -- KEEP : <astenir> keep from -- KEEP : <tenir> hold, keep, seize, consider -- KILL : <morir> kill, die -- KILL : <ocire> kill -- KING : <Franceis> free, noble, subject of the king of France -- KING : <regal> royal, of the king -- KING : <regem> king -- KING : <roi> king -- KINGDOM : <regne> kingdom, country -- KISS : <baisier> kiss -- KNIGHT : <bacheler, bachelor> young man, young knight aspirant, page -- KNIGHT : <baron> brave warrior, brave knight -- KNIGHT : <chevalier> knight -- KNOCK : <abatre> knock down, destroy -- KNOW : <apercevoir> notice, know -- KNOW : <savoir> know -- KNOWLEDGE : <escïent> knowledge -- KNOWN : <reveler> reveal, make known -- LADY : <dame> lady, dame -- LAMENT : <se dementer> lament -- LAND : <terre> land, country, earth -- LARGE : <grant> great, large, tall -- LAY : <asseoir> place, set up, lay siege -- LEAD : <deduire> lead, live -- LEAD : <mener> take, lead, show -- LEAVE : <congié> permission to leave, permission, leave -- LEAVE : <guerpir> abandon, leave -- LEAVE : <laissier> leave, let, abandon -- LEAVE : <se departir> leave, go away -- LEGITIMATE : <leal, loial> loyal, legitimate -- LEND : <prester> lend -- LESS : <meins, mains, moins> less, fewer -- LESSON : <moralité> character, lesson -- LET : <laissier> leave, let, abandon -- LETTER : <chartre> letter, agreement -- LIBERAL : <art> liberal art, craft -- LIE : <couchier> lie down -- LIE : <favele> story, lie -- LIE : <gesir> lie -- LIE : <mentir> lie, betray, deny, fail -- LIE : <se coucher> lie down -- LIFE : <estre> life, condition, way of life -- LIFE : <siecle, secle, seule> earthly life, world -- LIFT : <lever> lift up -- LIGHT : <legier, ligier, loigier> light, supple, light-hearted -- LIGHT-HEARTED : <legier, ligier, loigier> light, supple, light-hearted -- LIKEWISE : <aussi> also, likewise -- LILY : <lil> lily -- LINEAGE : <emparenté> of noble lineage -- LINEAGE : <lignage> lineage, family -- LISTEN : <escolter> listen to, pay attention to -- LITTLE : <petit> small, little -- LITTLE : <poi, pou, pau> little, few -- LIVE : <deduire> lead, live -- LODGE : <herbergier> lodge, shelter, receive as guest -- LONG : <lonc, long, loing> long, far -- LONG : <longement> long, for a long time -- LOOK : <aviser> look at, see, recognize, appreciate -- LOOK : <quere, querre> look for, want, ask -- LOOT : <eschec> booty, loot -- LORD : <dam, dan> sir, lord -- LORD : <seignor> lord -- LOSE : <perdre> lose, perish -- LOVE : <amer> love -- LOVE : <amor> love -- LOVER : <amant> lover -- LOYAL : <leal, loial> loyal, legitimate -- MAHOMET : <Mahumez, Mahun> Mahomet -- MAIDEN : <pucele> girl, servant, maiden -- MAKE : <faire> make -- MAKE : <mesprendre> make a mistake, commit a crime -- MAKE : <reveler> reveal, make known -- MAN : <bacheler, bachelor> young man, young knight aspirant, page -- MAN : <home, ome> man -- MANIFEST : <apert> open, visible, manifest -- MANNER : <guise> way, manner -- MANY : <asez, assés> many, much, very well -- MANY : <bien> well, many, much, really -- MANY : <maint> many, many a -- MANY : <molt, mult, mout> many, much, very -- MANY : <sovent> many -- MARRY : <esposer> marry -- MARSILIE : <Marsilie> Marsilie -- MASS : <masse> mass -- MATTER : <chaloir> concern, matter -- MATTING : <nate> matting -- MAXIMIAN : <Maximiien> Maximian -- MEAN : <mal> bad, mean, wretched -- MEAT : <charn, char> flesh, meat -- MEET : <assembler, assanler> call together, assemble, meet -- MEET : <encontrer> meet -- MEETING : <parlement> conversation, word, meeting -- MELODY : <chant> song, melody -- MENACE : <menace, manace> menace -- MERCY : <merci> grace, mercy, pity -- MERNOC : <Mernoc> Mernoc -- MESSENGER : <message> messenger -- MIDDLE : <parmi, par mi> through, in the middle -- MIDST : <entre> between, among, in the midst of -- MIGHT : <vertu> might, power, strength -- MILE : <liue, live> mile -- MIRACLE : <miracle> miracle -- MISERABLE : <chaitif> miserable -- MISERY : <poverté> poverty, misery -- MISLEAD : <deçoivre> deceive, mislead -- MISTAKE : <colpe, corpe, cope> sin, mistake -- MISTAKE : <mesprendre> make a mistake, commit a crime -- MISTAKE : <pechié> sin, mistake -- MISTAKE : <tort> mistake -- MONEY : <argent> silver, money, riches -- MONK : <moine, monie> monk -- MORAL : <enfermeté> physical or moral weakness, illness -- MORE : <angregier> grow worse, become more painful -- MORE : <mais> more, further, rather -- MORE : <plus> more -- MOREOVER : <si> so, and moreover -- MOTHER : <mere> mother -- MOUNTAIN : <mont> mountain -- MOUNTAIN : <montaigne> mountain -- MOUNTAIN : <pui> mountain, hill -- MOURN : <plaindre> complain, regret, mourn -- MOUTH : <bouche, buche> mouth -- MUCH : <asez, assés> many, much, very well -- MUCH : <bien> well, many, much, really -- MUCH : <forment> greatly, very, very much -- MUCH : <molt, mult, mout> many, much, very -- MUCH : <si> thus, that way, that much -- MUCH : <tant> so, so much -- MUCH : <tres> much, very -- MUCH : <trop> too much, extremely, excessively -- MY : <mon> my -- NAIMES : <Neimes> Naimes -- NAME : <nom, non> name, title -- NAME : <nomer> name, call -- NEPHEW : <nevot, neveu> grandson, nephew -- NEVER : <nonque> never -- NEXT : <deles, delé, deleiz> next to; beside -- NINE : <.IX.> nine -- NO : <nul> no, not any -- NOBLE : <Franceis> free, noble, subject of the king of France -- NOBLE : <damoiselle> girl of noble birth -- NOBLE : <debonaire> noble, sweet -- NOBLE : <emparenté> of noble lineage -- NOBLE : <gentil> noble, brave -- NOISE : <estor, estorm> noise, tumult, battle -- NOISE : <vois, voiz> noise, word, voice -- NOR : <ne, ni> nor, and not -- NOT : <enne> not -- NOT : <mie> not -- NOT : <ne, nen> not -- NOT : <ne, ni> nor, and not -- NOT : <nïent> not at all -- NOT : <non> not -- NOT : <nul> no, not any -- NOT : <pas> not -- NOTHING : <feindre> do nothing, shy away -- NOTICE : <apercevoir> notice, know -- NOW : <ça en arriere> formerly, until now -- NOW : <ja, jai> now, already, at once -- NOW : <or> now -- OBJECT : <garnement> decorative object -- OBJECT : <parament> finery, precious object -- OBSERVE : <viseter> visit, observe -- OCTAVE : <huitaves> octave -- OF : <de> of, from -- OFF : <tolir> take off, cut off -- OFFER : <presenter> present, offer, bring before the judge -- OFTEN : <sovent> frequently, often -- OLD : <vieil, veil> old -- OLIVER : <Oliver> Oliver -- ONCE : <ja, jai> now, already, at once -- ONCE : <onques> once, ever -- ONE : <.VIXX.> six times twenty, one hundred and twenty -- ONE : <om, on> one -- ONESELF : <adober> arm oneself -- OPEN : <apert> open, visible, manifest -- OPPOSE : <contredire> oppose, resist -- OR : <o, u> or -- ORCHARD : <vergier> orchard, garden -- ORDER : <com, cum> in order that -- ORDER : <comander> give, recommend, order -- ORDER : <rover> ask, call upon, order -- ORIGIN : <parage> family, origin, rank -- OTHER : <altre> other -- OUR : <nostre> our -- OUTSIDE : <fors> out, outside -- OVER : <garder> watch over, guard -- OVER : <seur, soure, sur, sor> on, over, to, above -- OVERCOME : <tresprendre> overcome completely -- OVERCOME : <veintre> vanquish, conquer, overcome -- OVERLOAD : <encombrer> overload -- OWN : <baillier> own, receive, give -- PAGAN : <paien, pagien> pagan, heathen -- PAGAN : <paien> pagan, heathen -- PAGE : <bacheler, bachelor> young man, young knight aspirant, page -- PAIN : <dolor> pain, suffering -- PAIN : <enoi, enui> torment, pain -- PAINFUL : <angregier> grow worse, become more painful -- PARDON : <pardoner> forgive, pardon -- PARENT : <parent> father, parent -- PART : <part> part, portion -- PASS : <trespasser> pass, cross, go by -- PATH : <sentier> path -- PAY : <entendre> try, pay attention, understand, hear -- PAY : <escolter> listen to, pay attention to -- PAY : <penser> think, pay attention -- PEOPLE : <gent> race, people -- PERIOD : <terme> term, period, period of time -- PERIOD : <termine> period of time -- PERISH : <perdre> lose, perish -- PERISH : <perir> perish, destroy -- PERMISSION : <congié> permission to leave, permission, leave -- PERMISSION : <pardon> grace, permission -- PERSECUTION : <empedement> persecution -- PERSON : <entrepris> unhappy person -- PERSON : <faldestuel, faldestuef, faldestoed> folding chair for important person, throne -- PERSON : <figure> form, person, character -- PERSON : <rien, ren> thing, creature, person -- PETER : <Perre> Peter -- PHYNEPOPLE : <Phynepople> Phynepople -- PHYSICAL : <enfermeté> physical or moral weakness, illness -- PIECE : <piece> piece, segment -- PIECES : <pecier> smash to pieces -- PIGEON : <colon, colomb> pigeon, dove -- PINE : <pin> pine tree -- PITY : <merci> grace, mercy, pity -- PLACE : <asseoir> place, set up, lay siege -- PLAY : <joer> play -- PLEASE : <plaire> please -- POINT : <enseignier> teach, inform, point out -- POOR : <povre> poor -- PORT : <port> harbour, port -- PORTION : <part> part, portion -- POVERTY : <poverté> poverty, misery -- POWER : <vertu> might, power, strength -- POWERFUL : <riche> powerful, strong, generous -- PRAY : <orer> pray -- PRAY : <prier, preier> pray, beg, beseech -- PRAYER : <orison, oraison> prayer, speech -- PRAYER : <priement> prayer -- PRECIOUS : <paile> precious cloth -- PRECIOUS : <parament> finery, precious object -- PRECISELY : <endreit> precisely, right, immediately -- PREPARE : <atorner> turn, prepare -- PRESENCE : <devant> before, in front of, in the presence of -- PRESENT : <porofrir> present -- PRESENT : <presenter> present, offer, bring before the judge -- PRETENSE : <feintise> pretense, deceit -- PRISON : <piere, pierre> stone, prison -- PRISON : <prison> captivity, prison -- PRISON : <serre> prison -- PROCLAIM : <clamer> call, proclaim, confess -- PROFESSION : <menestier> service, profession -- PROMISE : <acreanter> promise, allow, agree -- PROPER : <droit> direct, right, proper -- PROSECUTE : <asproier> torment, prosecute -- PROTECTION : <garant, garent> protection, defense -- PROTRUDE : <empeindre> blow, protrude -- PROUD : <fier> fierce, strong, proud -- PULL : <tirer> pull -- PURE : <mer, mier> pure -- PURITY : <virginitét> spiritual purity, christian purity -- PURSUE : <porchacier> seek, pursue -- PURVEYOR : <porveor> purveyor -- PUT : <metre, mectre, mettre> put -- QUEEN : <reine, raine, roine> queen -- QUICKLY : <menu, menut> quickly -- QUICKLY : <tost> soon, immediately, quickly -- RACE : <gent> race, people -- RANK : <parage> family, origin, rank -- RATHER : <ainc, ainz, ains> earlier, rather -- RATHER : <mais> more, further, rather -- RATHER : <miels, mels> better, rather -- RAVEN : <Corbiau> Raven -- REACH : <ataindre> reach, regain, catch -- REAL : <verai> real, true -- REALLY : <bien> well, many, much, really -- REALLY : <voirement> really -- REASON : <par> through, by, by reason of -- REASON : <raison> reason, speech, word -- RECEIVE : <baillier> own, receive, give -- RECEIVE : <herbergier> lodge, shelter, receive as guest -- RECOGNIZE : <aviser> look at, see, recognize, appreciate -- RECOGNIZE : <reconoistre> recognize -- RECOMMEND : <comander> give, recommend, order -- REFINED : <cointe> refined, clever, elegant -- REFUSE : <mescroire> refuse to believe, suspect -- REFUSE : <veer> refuse, forbid -- REGAIN : <ataindre> reach, regain, catch -- REGRET : <plaindre> complain, regret, mourn -- REJECT : <geter, giter> throw, reject, utter -- REJOICE : <esleecier> rejoice -- RELATE : <conter> count, relate -- REMAIN : <demorer> stay, remain -- REMAIN : <ester> stand, remain, be -- REMAIN : <maindre> stay, remain -- REMAIN : <remanoir> stay, remain, resist -- REMAINS : <relef> remains, scraps -- REMEDY : <resort> restriction, remedy, defense -- REMEMBER : <resovenir> remember -- RENART : <Renart> Renart -- RENIER : <Renier de Trit> Renier de Trit -- RENIER : <Renier> Renier -- REPAIR : <refaire> repair -- RESIGN : <conserrer, consirrer> deprive, resign -- RESIST : <contredire> oppose, resist -- RESIST : <remanoir> stay, remain, resist -- RESPECT : <onor, enor, anor> honor, respect, esteem, fief -- REST : <se reposer> rest -- RESTRICTION : <resort> restriction, remedy, defense -- RETURN : <rendre> give, return -- RETURN : <retor, retorn> return -- RETURN : <torner> turn, return -- REVEAL : <reveler> reveal, make known -- REVOLT : <reveler> revolt -- REWARD : <guerredoner> reward -- RICHES : <argent> silver, money, riches -- RIDE : <chevauchie> expedition, ride -- RIGHT : <droit> direct, right, proper -- RIGHT : <endreit> precisely, right, immediately -- RING : <anel> ring -- ROAD : <veie> road -- ROLAND : <Rollant> Roland -- ROME : <Rome> Rome -- RONCEVAUX : <Rencesvals> Roncevaux -- ROSE : <aiglantier> wild rose -- ROSE : <aiglent> wild rose -- ROSE : <rose> rose -- ROYAL : <chambre> chamber, territory, royal apartment -- ROYAL : <regal> royal, of the king -- RUIN : <essil, eissil, issil> wretchedness, ruin -- RUN : <corre> run -- SAD : <mat> feeble, exhausted, sad -- SADNESS : <tristece> sadness, horror -- SAKE : <enpur, anpur> for the sake of -- SALUTE : <saluer> salute, greet -- SANSUN : <Sansun> Sansun -- SARAGOSSA : <Saraguce> Saragossa -- SATAN : <Apollin> Apollo, Satan -- SATAN : <Satan> Satan -- SAY : <dire> say, tell -- SCRAPS : <relef> remains, scraps -- SEA : <mer> sea -- SEATED : <seoir> sit, be seated -- SEDUCE : <engignier, engeignier> invent, seduce, deceive -- SEDUCE : <enorter> exhort, urge, seduce -- SEE : <aviser> look at, see, recognize, appreciate -- SEE : <veoir> see -- SEEK : <porchacier> seek, pursue -- SEGMENT : <piece> piece, segment -- SEIZE : <prendre> take, take hold of, seize -- SEIZE : <tenir> hold, keep, seize, consider -- SENSE : <sen, sens> direction, sense -- SERVANT : <pucele> girl, servant, maiden -- SERVANT : <servant> servant -- SERVE : <servir> serve -- SERVICE : <menestier> service, profession -- SET : <asseoir> place, set up, lay siege -- SEVEN : <set> seven -- SEVERAL : <plusor, pluisor> several -- SHAME : <honte> shame, disgrace -- SHED : <plorer> cry, shed tears -- SHELTER : <herbergier> lodge, shelter, receive as guest -- SHIELD : <escu> shield -- SHIP : <nef> ship -- SHOUT : <braire> shout, sing -- SHOUT : <crier> shout -- SHOUT : <escrier> cry out, shout -- SHOW : <demostrer> show, indicate, explaine -- SHOW : <mener> take, lead, show -- SHY : <feindre> do nothing, shy away -- SICK : <have> dark, sick, somber -- SIEGE : <asseoir> place, set up, lay siege -- SILVER : <argent> silver, money, riches -- SIMPLE : <grabatum> simple bed -- SIN : <colpe, corpe, cope> sin, mistake -- SIN : <pechié> sin, mistake -- SING : <braire> shout, sing -- SING : <chanter> sing -- SIR : <dam, dan> sir, lord -- SIT : <seoir> sit, be seated -- SIX : <.VIXX.> six times twenty, one hundred and twenty -- SKILL : <engin, engien> skill, cheating -- SLEEP : <som, some> sleep -- SMALL : <petit> small, little -- SMASH : <pecier> smash to pieces -- SMELL : <sentir> smell, feel -- SO : <si> so, and moreover -- SO : <tant> so, so much -- SOMBER : <have> dark, sick, somber -- SOME : <aucun> some -- SOMEBODY : <anme, alme, arme, ame> soul, somebody -- SON : <fil> son -- SON : <filuel> son, godson -- SONG : <chant> song, melody -- SOON : <maintenant> immediately, soon -- SOON : <tost> soon, immediately, quickly -- SORELY : <durement> greatly, sorely, very -- SORROWFUL : <dolent> sorrowful, wetched -- SOUL : <anima> soul -- SOUL : <anme, alme, arme, ame> soul, somebody -- SOUND : <suner, soner> sound, utter -- SPAIN : <Espaigne> Spain -- SPEAK : <parler> speak, talk -- SPEECH : <orison, oraison> prayer, speech -- SPEECH : <parole> word, speech -- SPEECH : <raison> reason, speech, word -- SPIN : <filer> spin -- SPIRITUAL : <virginitét> spiritual purity, christian purity -- STAIRCASE : <degré> staircase -- STAKE : <ré, rei, rez> stake -- STAND : <ester> stand, remain, be -- STANDARD : <gunfanuner> standard bearer -- STANEMAC : <Stanemac> Stanemac -- START : <comencier> begin, start -- STAY : <demoree> delay, stay -- STAY : <demorer> stay, remain -- STAY : <maindre> stay, remain -- STAY : <remanoir> stay, remain, resist -- STILL : <encore, encor, uncore> still, yet -- STOMACH : <pance> stomach, belly -- STONE : <piere, pierre> stone, prison -- STOP : <fenir, finir> end, stop -- STORY : <favele> story, lie -- STREET : <rue> street, village -- STRENGTH : <vertu> might, power, strength -- STRONG : <alt, aut, halt> high, strong, important -- STRONG : <fier> fierce, strong, proud -- STRONG : <fort> strong, hard, fierce -- STRONG : <riche> powerful, strong, generous -- STUDY : <estude, estudie> study, zeal -- SUBJECT : <Franceis> free, noble, subject of the king of France -- SUBSEQUENTLY : <ent, end> subsequently -- SUBSEQUENTLY : <puis> subsequently -- SUCH : <tel> such -- SUFFER : <pener> torture, suffer -- SUFFERING : <dol, duel> suffering, grief -- SUFFERING : <dolor> pain, suffering -- SUFFERING : <peine, paine> torment, suffering -- SUMMON : <apeler> accuse, summon, call -- SUPPLE : <legier, ligier, loigier> light, supple, light-hearted -- SUPPORT : <sostenir> sustain, support -- SURE : <seur> sure -- SURPRISED : <esbai> frightened, troubled, surprised -- SURPRISING : <merveille> what is surprising, wonder -- SUSPECT : <mescroire> refuse to believe, suspect -- SUSTAIN : <sostenir> sustain, support -- SWEET : <debonaire> noble, sweet -- SWEET : <dolz, dous> sweet, gentle -- SWOON : <se pasmer> faint, swoon -- SWORD : <espee> sword -- TABLE : <table> table -- TAKE : <mener> take, lead, show -- TAKE : <prendre> take, take hold of, seize -- TAKE : <tolir> take off, cut off -- TALK : <parler> speak, talk -- TALL : <grant> great, large, tall -- TASK : <servise> devotion, favor, task -- TEACH : <enseignier> teach, inform, point out -- TEARS : <plorer> cry, shed tears -- TELL : <dire> say, tell -- TELL : <noncier> announce, tell -- TEMPLE : <temple> temple, forehead -- TENDERLY : <tendrement> tenderly -- TERM : <terme> term, period, period of time -- TERRITORY : <chambre> chamber, territory, royal apartment -- THAN : <que> than -- THAT : <cil> that -- THAT : <com, cum> in order that -- THAT : <ço, ceo, ce, ceu> this, that, it -- THAT : <quanque> all that -- THAT : <que> that -- THAT : <qui> that -- THAT : <si> thus, that way, that much -- THE : <li> the -- THEIR : <lor, leur> their -- THEN : <donc> then, therefore -- THEOPHILE : <Theophile> Theophile -- THERE : <i> there -- THERE : <iluec, ilec, iluoc> there -- THERE : <la> there -- THEREFORE : <donc> then, therefore -- THEY : <il> they -- THING : <chose, cose> thing, affair, creature -- THING : <rien, ren> thing, creature, person -- THINK : <cuidier> think -- THINK : <penser> think, pay attention -- THIRTY : <.XXX.> thirty -- THIRTY : <trente et quatre> thirty four -- THIS : <cest, cist> this -- THIS : <ço, ceo, ce, ceu> this, that, it -- THIS : <o, ou, euc> this -- THOUSAND : <millier> thousand -- THREE : <trois> three -- THRONE : <faldestuel, faldestuef, faldestoed> folding chair for important person, throne -- THROUGH : <par> through, by, by reason of -- THROUGH : <parmi, par mi> through, in the middle -- THROW : <geter, giter> throw, reject, utter -- THUS : <si> and, and thus -- THUS : <si> thus, that way, that much -- TIERCELIN : <Tiercelin> Tiercelin -- TIME : <feiz, veiz> time -- TIME : <longement> long, for a long time -- TIME : <ore, eure> hour, time -- TIME : <tens, tans> time, weather -- TIME : <terme> term, period, period of time -- TIME : <termine> period of time -- TIMES : <.VIXX.> six times twenty, one hundred and twenty -- TITLE : <nom, non> name, title -- TO : <de> to -- TODAY : <ui, ue, oi> today -- TOGETHER : <assembler, assanler> call together, assemble, meet -- TOGETHER : <ensemble od> together with -- TOGETHER : <ensemble> together -- TOO : <trop> too much, extremely, excessively -- TOP : <en> in, into, on, on top of -- TORMENT : <asproier> torment, prosecute -- TORMENT : <enoi, enui> torment, pain -- TORMENT : <peine, paine> torment, suffering -- TORTURE : <pener> torture, suffer -- TOURNEY : <tornoier> whirl around, tourney -- TOWARDS : <encontre> to, towards, against -- TOWARDS : <envers> towards -- TOWARDS : <vers> towards -- TOWER : <tor> tower -- TOWN : <cit, citet> city, town -- TREE : <bos, bois> forest, tree -- TREE : <pin> pine tree -- TREMBLE : <trembler> tremble -- TRISTAN : <Tristan> Tristan -- TRIT : <Renier de Trit> Renier de Trit -- TROOPS : <compaigne> troops -- TROUBLE : <damage> trouble, harm -- TROUBLE : <guerre> war, trouble -- TROUBLED : <esbai> frightened, troubled, surprised -- TRUE : <verai> real, true -- TRUE : <voir> true -- TRULY : <voir> truly, indeed -- TRY : <entendre> try, pay attention, understand, hear -- TUMULT : <estor, estorm> noise, tumult, battle -- TURN : <atorner> turn, prepare -- TURN : <torner> turn, return -- TWENTY : <.VIXX.> six times twenty, one hundred and twenty -- TWENTY : <.XX.> twenty -- UGLY : <vilain> ugly, bad -- UNDER : <desos, desous> under -- UNDER : <sos, soz> under -- UNDERSTAND : <entendre> try, pay attention, understand, hear -- UNHAPPY : <entrepris> unhappy person -- UNHEALTHY : <enferm> ill, crippled, weak, unhealthy -- UNREFINED : <dur> hard, unrefined, cruel -- UNTIL : <ça en arriere> formerly, until now -- UNTIL : <tresqu', trusqu'> up to, until -- UP : <a, ad> to, up to, against, in, on -- UP : <asseoir> place, set up, lay siege -- UP : <jusqu'a> as far as, up to -- UP : <lever> lift up -- UP : <sus, suz> up, above -- UP : <tresqu', trusqu'> up to, until -- UPON : <reclamer> call upon, invoke, beg -- UPON : <rover> ask, call upon, order -- URGE : <enorter> exhort, urge, seduce -- UTTER : <geter, giter> throw, reject, utter -- UTTER : <suner, soner> sound, utter -- VAIN : <mar> wrongly, in vain -- VANQUISH : <veintre> vanquish, conquer, overcome -- VARIOUS : <divers> various -- VERCLI : <Achar de Vercli> Achar de Vercli -- VERY : <asez, assés> many, much, very well -- VERY : <durement> greatly, sorely, very -- VERY : <forment> greatly, very, very much -- VERY : <molt, mult, mout> many, much, very -- VERY : <tres> much, very -- VILLAGE : <rue> street, village -- VIRGIN : <virge> virgin -- VISIBLE : <aparant> visible -- VISIBLE : <apert> open, visible, manifest -- VISIT : <viseter> visit, observe -- VOICE : <vois, voiz> noise, word, voice -- WALL : <mur> wall -- WANT : <quere, querre> look for, want, ask -- WANT : <voloir> want -- WAR : <enseigne> war cry -- WAR : <guerre> war, trouble -- WARRIOR : <baron> brave warrior, brave knight -- WATCH : <garder> watch over, guard -- WAY : <estre> life, condition, way of life -- WAY : <guise> way, manner -- WAY : <maniere> way, intention -- WAY : <si> thus, that way, that much -- WE : <nos> we -- WEAK : <enferm> ill, crippled, weak, unhealthy -- WEAK : <vain> weak, empty -- WEAKNESS : <enfermeté> physical or moral weakness, illness -- WEAPON : <fer> iron, weapon -- WEAR : <porter> carry, bring, wear -- WEATHER : <tens, tans> time, weather -- WELL : <asez, assés> many, much, very well -- WELL : <bien> well, many, much, really -- WELL-BEING : <bien, ben> good, good fortune, well-being -- WELL-BEING : <santé> health, well-being -- WETCHED : <dolent> sorrowful, wetched -- WHAT : <merveille> what is surprising, wonder -- WHAT : <quel> what -- WHAT : <qui> what -- WHEN : <com, comme> when -- WHEN : <quant> when -- WHEN : <que> when -- WHERE : <ou, u> where -- WHERE : <ou> where -- WHICH : <dont, dunt> of whom, of which, whose -- WHICH : <quel> which -- WHIRL : <tornoier> whirl around, tourney -- WHITE : <blanc> white -- WHO : <qui> who -- WHOLE : <tot> whole -- WHOM : <dont, dunt> of whom, of which, whose -- WHOSE : <dont, dunt> of whom, of which, whose -- WILD : <aiglantier> wild rose -- WILD : <aiglent> wild rose -- WINE : <vin> wine -- WITH : <atot> with -- WITH : <avuec, avec, avoc> with -- WITH : <ot, od, of, o> with -- WONDER : <merveille> what is surprising, wonder -- WORD : <mot> word -- WORD : <parlement> conversation, word, meeting -- WORD : <parole> word, speech -- WORD : <raison> reason, speech, word -- WORD : <vois, voiz> noise, word, voice -- WORLD : <siecle, secle, seule> earthly life, world -- WORSE : <angregier> grow worse, become more painful -- WORSHIP : <adurer> worship -- WRETCHED : <mal> bad, mean, wretched -- WRETCHEDNESS : <essil, eissil, issil> wretchedness, ruin -- WRONGLY : <mar> wrongly, in vain -- YEAR : <an> year -- YET : <encore, encor, uncore> still, yet -- YET : <si> yet -- YIELD : <ploier> bend, yield -- YOU : <tu> you -- YOU : <vos> you -- YOUNG : <bacheler, bachelor> young man, young knight aspirant, page -- YOUR : <ton> your -- YOUR : <vostre> your -- YVAIN : <Yvain> Yvain -- ZEAL : <estude, estudie> study, zeal --

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