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French: Master Glossary

This Master Glossary page lists, in an alphabetical order suitable to the language and the script employed for it, every unique word form that appears in lesson texts and, for each word, its unique glosses. In addition to the gloss information, sans contextual translation, links are provided to every appearance, in every numbered lesson, of the word/gloss in question. With this index one may perform a quick "word look-up" and, in addition, study how words are used in context by clicking on their links.


a - preposition; <a, ad> to, up to, against, in, on a - verb; third person singular present <avoir, aveir> have, be a tot le moins - preposition; <a, ad> to, up to, against, in, on + adverb; <tot> entirely + definite article; oblique singular masculine <li> the + adverb; <meins, mains, moins> less, fewer abatied - verb; third person singular preterite <abatre> knock down, destroy Achars de Vercli - proper name; nominative singular <Achar de Vercli> Achar de Vercli ad - verb; third person singular present <avoir, aveir> have, be ad - preposition; <a, ad> to, up to, against, in, on adenz - adverb; <adenz> face downwards adubez vos - verb; second person plural imperative <adober> arm oneself + personal pronoun; second person plural direct object <vos> you aduret - verb; third person singular subjunctive present <adurer> worship ai - verb; first person singular present <avoir, aveir> have, be aiez - verb; second person plural imperative <avoir, aveir> have, be aimet - verb; third person singular present <amer> love ait - verb; third person singular subjunctive present <avoir, aveir> have, be alai - verb; first person singular preterite <aler> go aleine - noun; oblique singular <aleine, alaine> blast, breath alet - verb; perfective participle nominative singular masculine <aler> go Alexis - proper name; nominative singular <Alexis> Alexis alne - noun; oblique singular <alne> ell altaigne - adjective; oblique singular feminine <altain> high, deep altra pur altre - indefinite adjective; oblique singular feminine <altre> other + preposition; <por> for + indefinite adjective; oblique singular feminine <altre> other altres - indefinite adjective; oblique plural masculine <altre> other amanz - noun; nominative singular <amant> lover amast - verb; third person singular subjunctive imperfective <amer> love ames - noun; oblique plural <anme, alme, arme, ame> soul, somebody amet - verb; third person singular present <amer> love amferm - adjective; nominative singular masculine <enferm> ill, crippled, weak, unhealthy ami - noun; object singular <ami> friend amor - noun; oblique singular <amor> love amors - noun; oblique plural <amor> love amur - noun; oblique singular <amor> love an - pronoun; inanimate <en> of it an - noun; oblique singular <an> year an - preposition; <en> in, into, on, on top of ancuntret - verb; third person singular present <encontrer> meet andreit - adverb; <endreit> precisely, right, immediately anel - noun; oblique singular <anel> ring anfermetét - noun; nominative singular <enfermeté> physical or moral weakness, illness angreget - verb; third person singular present <angregier> grow worse, become more painful anima - noun; oblique singular <anima> soul Anseis - proper name; nominative singular <Anseis> Anseis ansembl'ot - preposition; <ensemble od> together with anuy - noun; oblique singular <enoi, enui> torment, pain anz - noun; oblique plural <an> year AOI - interjection; <AOI> ... apelét - verb; perfective participle oblique singular masculine <apeler> accuse, summon, call apielee - verb; perfective participle nominative singular feminine <apeler> accuse, summon, call Apollin - proper name; oblique singular <Apollin> Apollo, Satan apparent - adjective; nominative singular <aparant> visible aprés - preposition; <apres> after, afterwards aprés - adverb; <apres> after, afterwards apries - preposition; <apres> after, afterwards arde - verb; third person singular subjunctive present <ardoir, ardre> burn ardoir - verb; infinitive <ardoir, ardre> burn argent - noun; oblique singular <argent> silver, money, riches arivet - verb; third person singular present <ariver> arrive arriere - adverb; <arriere, arrere, arire> back art - noun; oblique singular <art> liberal art, craft as - verb; second person singular present <avoir, aveir> have, be as - preposition; <a, ad> to, up to, against, in, on + definite article; oblique plural feminine <li> the asemblé - verb; perfective participle nominative plural masculine <assembler, assanler> call together, assemble, meet asez - adverb; <asez, assés> many, much, very well assés - adverb; <asez, assés> many, much, very well assez - adverb; <asez, assés> many, much, very well assis - verb; perfective participle nominative singular masculine <asseoir> place, set up, lay siege astenir - verb; infinitive <astenir> keep from ateignet - verb; third person singular subjunctive present <ataindre> reach, regain, catch atout - preposition; <atot> with aturnét - verb; perfective participle nominative singular masculine <atorner> turn, prepare au - preposition; <a, ad> to, up to, against, in, on + definite article; oblique singular masculine <li> the au retor - preposition; <a, ad> to, up to, against, in, on + definite article; oblique singular masculine <li> the + noun; oblique singular <retor, retorn> return aucun - indefinite adjective; nominative singular masculine <aucun> some aueoc - preposition; <avuec, avec, avoc> with auoit - verb; third person singular imperfective <avoir, aveir> have, be auons - verb; first person plural present <avoir, aveir> have, be auret - verb; third person singular pluperfect <avoir, aveir> have, be aussi - adverb; <aussi> also, likewise autre - adjective; oblique singular feminine <altre> other autre - adjective; nominative plural masculine <altre> other auuisset - verb; third person singular subjunctive imperfective <avoir, aveir> have, be avec - preposition; <avuec, avec, avoc> with avenant - adjective; nominative singular masculine <avenant> beautiful, attractive avenement - noun; oblique singular <avenement> arrival avenir - verb; infinitive <avenir> arrive, happen avez - verb; second person plural present <avoir, aveir> have, be aviler - verb; infinitive <aviler> abandon, disgrace avoec - preposition; <avuec, avec, avoc> with avoient - verb; third person plural imperfective <avoir, aveir> have, be avoir - verb; infinitive <avoir, aveir> have, be avoit - verb; third person singular imperfective <avoir, aveir> have, be bacheler - noun; nominative plural <bacheler, bachelor> young man, young knight aspirant, page baillas - verb; second person singular preterite <baillier> own, receive, give baillier - verb; infinitive <baillier> own, receive, give baisa - verb; third person singular preterite <baisier> kiss balz - adjective; nominative singular masculine <balt> happy, full of fervor barbe - noun; oblique singular <barbe> beard Barintes - proper name; nominative singular <Barintes> Barind baron - noun; nominative plural <baron> brave warrior, brave knight baron - noun; nominative singular <baron> brave warrior, brave knight bataille - noun; oblique singular <bataille> battle beau - adjective; nominative singular masculine <bel> dear, beloved, handsome bech - noun; oblique singular <bec> beak bel - adjective; oblique singular masculine <bel> dear, beloved, handsome bel - adjective; nominative singular masculine <bel> dear, beloved, handsome bele - adjective; nominative singular feminine <bel> dear, beloved, handsome bellezour - adjective; comparative oblique singular feminine <bel> dear, beloved, handsome bels - adjective; nominative singular masculine <bel> dear, beloved, handsome ben - adverb; <bien> well, many, much, really bials - adjective; nominative singular masculine <bel> dear, beloved, handsome biau - adjective; nominative singular masculine <bel> dear, beloved, handsome biax - adjective; nominative singular masculine <bel> dear, beloved, handsome bien - noun; oblique singular <bien, ben> good, good fortune, well-being bien - adverb; <bien> well, many, much, really biens - noun; nominative singular <bien, ben> good, good fortune, well-being Blakie - proper name; oblique singular <Blaquie> Blaquie blanche - adjective; oblique singular feminine <blanc> white blancs - adjective; oblique plural masculine <blanc> white boen - adjective; nominative singular masculine <bon> good boens - adjective; nominative singular masculine <bon> good boire - verb; infinitive <bevre> drink bois - noun; oblique singular <bos, bois> forest, tree brere - verb; infinitive <braire> shout, sing buche - noun; oblique singular <bouche, buche> mouth buona - adjective; nominative singular feminine <bon> good ça - adverb; <ça, çai> here, hither ça en arriere - adverb; <ça en arriere> formerly, until now cadables - noun; oblique plural <cadable> catapult Cahu - proper name; oblique singular <Cahu> Cahu car - conjunction; <quar, car> for, because Carles - proper name; nominative singular <Charles> Charles, Charlemagne carn - noun; oblique singular <charn, char> flesh, meat castel - noun; oblique singular <chastel, castel> castle ce - demonstrative; oblique singular neuter <cil> that ce - demonstrative; oblique singular masculine <cil> that ce qui - demonstrative; oblique singular neuter <ço, ceo, ce, ceu> this, that, it + relative pronoun; subject <qui> that ceanz - adverb; <ceanz, seans> in here cel - demonstrative; nominative singular masculine <cil> that cel - demonstrative; oblique singular neuter <cil> that cel - demonstrative; oblique singular masculine <cil> that celle - demonstrative; oblique singular feminine <cil> that cels - demonstrative; oblique plural masculine <cil> that cels - noun; oblique plural <ciel> heaven celui - demonstrative; oblique singular masculine <cil> that cervel - noun; oblique singular <cervel> brains c'est - demonstrative; oblique singular neuter <cil> that + verb; third person singular present <estre, iestre, aistre> be cest - demonstrative; oblique singular masculine <cest, cist> this ceste - demonstrative; oblique singular feminine <cest, cist> this cevaler - noun; nominative plural <chevalier> knight chace - verb; third person singular present <chasser> hunt chambres - noun; oblique plural <chambre> chamber, territory, royal apartment chant - noun; oblique singular <chant> song, melody chanter - verb; infinitive <chanter> sing chantés - verb; second person singular present <chanter> sing chantissiez - verb; second person plural subjunctive imperfective <chanter> sing chapele - noun; oblique singular <chapele> chapel chartre - noun; oblique singular <chartre> letter, agreement chassant - verb; present participle nominative singular masculine <chasser> hunt chastiaux - noun; nominative singular <chastel, castel> castle chef - noun; oblique singular <chief> head cheï - verb; third person singular preterite <cheoir, chaeir> fall cher - adjective; oblique singular masculine <cher> beloved, expensive chers - adjective; oblique plural masculine <cher> beloved, expensive chetis - adjective; nominative singular masculine <chaitif> miserable chevaler - noun; nominative plural <chevalier> knight chevalier - noun; oblique singular <chevalier> knight chevalier - noun; nominative plural <chevalier> knight chevaliers - noun; oblique plural <chevalier> knight chevauchie - noun; oblique singular <chevauchie> expedition, ride chi - relative pronoun; subject <qui> who chief - noun; oblique singular <chief> head chielt - impersonal verb; third person singular present <chaloir> concern, matter chier le tient - adjective; oblique singular masculine <cher> beloved, expensive + personal pronoun; third person singular direct object masculine <il> he + verb; third person singular present <tenir> hold, keep, seize, consider chiere - adjective; nominative singular feminine <cher> beloved, expensive chose - noun; oblique singular <chose, cose> thing, affair, creature chrestien - noun; nominative singular <chrestien> christian christiien - adjective; oblique singular <chrestien> christian Christus - proper name; nominative singular <Christus> Christ ci - adverb; <ci> here ciel - noun; oblique singular <ciel> heaven cil - demonstrative; nominative singular masculine <cil> that cil - demonstrative; nominative plural masculine <cil> that cis - demonstrative; nominative singular masculine <cest, cist> this cist - demonstrative pronoun; nominative plural masculine <cest, cist> this citet - noun; nominative singular <cit, citet> city, town clamor - noun; oblique singular <clameor> appeal cleimet - verb; third person singular present <clamer> call, proclaim, confess clementia - noun; oblique singular <clementiam> grace clerc - noun; oblique singular <clerc, clerge> clerk ço - demonstrative; oblique singular neuter <ço, ceo, ce, ceu> this, that, it cointe - adjective; nominative singular masculine <cointe> refined, clever, elegant coloingne - noun; oblique singular <quenoille, queloigne> distaff colomb - noun; oblique singular <colon, colomb> pigeon, dove colpes - noun; oblique plural <colpe, corpe, cope> sin, mistake com - conjunction; <com, cum> in order that comander - verb; infinitive <comander> give, recommend, order commencha - verb; third person singular preterite <comencier> begin, start commencier - verb; infinitive <comencier> begin, start concreidre - verb; infinitive <concreidre> give in congié - noun; oblique singular <congié> permission to leave, permission, leave conselliers - noun; oblique plural <conseillier, conseilleor> counsellor, advisor consirrer - verb; infinitive <conserrer, consirrer> deprive, resign consolation - noun; oblique singular <consolation> consolation conte - verb; third person singular present <conter> count, relate contre - preposition; <contre> against, compared with contredist - verb; third person singular preterite <contredire> oppose, resist convoier - verb; infinitive <convoier> escort Corbiau - proper name; nominative singular <Corbiau> Raven Cordres - proper name; oblique singular <Cordres> Cordres corn - noun; nominative singular <corn, cor> horn corps - noun; oblique singular <cors> body cors - noun; oblique singular <cors> body cors - noun; nominative singular <cors> body cose - noun; nominative singular <chose, cose> thing, affair, creature Costantinople - proper name; oblique singular <Costantinoble> Constantinople courechier - verb; infinitive <corocier> anger, afflict couroit - verb; third person singular imperfective <corre> run creant - verb; first person singular present <creanter, granter> grant, agree crier - verb; infinitive <crier> shout criez - verb; second person plural imperative <crier> shout crist - proper name; oblique singular <Christ> Christ croist - verb; third person singular present <croistre, creistre> grow cuers - noun; nominative singular <cuer, coer, cor> heart c'ui an cest jor - demonstrative; neuter <ço, ceo, ce, ceu> this, that, it + adverb; <ui, ue, oi> today + preposition; <en> in, into, on, on top of + demonstrative; oblique singular masculine <cest, cist> this + noun; oblique singular <jorn, jor> day cuide - verb; third person singular present <cuidier> think cuit - verb; first person singular present <cuidier> think culpe - noun; oblique singular <colpe, corpe, cope> sin, mistake cum - conjunction; <com, comme> as cumencer - verb; infinitive <comencier> begin, start cumpaignes - noun; nominative plural <compaigne> troops cunquerant - verb; present participle nominative singular masculine <conquerre, cunquerre> conquer, capture cunquist - verb; third person singular preterite <conquerre, cunquerre> conquer, capture cuntenant - noun; oblique singular <contenant> demeanour, expression, appearance curant - verb; participle present nominative singular masculine <corre> run curieus - adjective; nominative singular masculine <curios> careful czo - demonstrative; oblique singular neuter <ço, ceo, ce, ceu> this, that, it d'aler - particle; <de> to + verb; infinitive <aler> go dales - preposition; <dales, dalles, dallĂŠ> next to, along Dame - noun; nominative singular <dame> lady, dame dame - noun; oblique singular <dame> lady, dame dame - noun; nominative singular <dame> lady, dame d'Anjou - preposition; <de> of, from + proper name; oblique singular <Anjou> Anjou danz - noun; nominative singular <dam, dan> sir, lord d'argent - preposition; <de> of, from + noun; oblique singular <argent> silver, money, riches de - particle; <de> to de - preposition; <de> of, from de devant mi - preposition; <de> of, from + preposition; <devant> before, in front of, in the presence of + personal pronoun; first person singular direct object <jo, jou, jeu> I de rien nule - preposition; <de> of, from + noun; oblique singular <rien, ren> thing, creature, person + adjective; oblique singular feminine <nul> no, not any de voir - preposition; <de> of, from + adjective; oblique singular masculine <voir> true debonere - adjective; nominative singular feminine <debonaire> noble, sweet deçoit - verb; third person singular present <deçoivre> deceive, mislead deduit - verb; third person singular present <deduire> lead, live degnet - verb; third person singular subjunctive present <daignier> deign degrét - noun; oblique singular <degré> staircase del - preposition; <de> of, from + definite article; oblique singular masculine <li> the delez - preposition; <deles, delé, deleiz> next to; beside delisieuse - adjective; oblique singular feminine <delicios> delicious demander - verb; infinitive <demander> ask, ask for demanderent - verb; third person plural preterite <demander> ask, ask for demandet - verb; third person singular present <demander> ask, ask for demonstre - verb; perfective participle oblique singular masculine <demostrer> show, indicate, explaine demoura - verb; third person singular preterite <demorer> stay, remain demoustre - verb; second person singular imperative <demostrer> show, indicate, explaine Deo - proper name; oblique singular <Dieu, Deu> God des - preposition; <de> of, from + definite article; oblique plural masculine <li> the descendirent - verb; third person plural preterite <descendre> descend, dismount descent - verb; third person singular present <descendre> descend, dismount desconfit - verb; perfective participle nominative plural masculine <desconfire> demolish, defeat desuz - preposition; <desos, desous> under Deu - proper name; oblique singular <Dieu, Deu> God Deus - proper name; nominative singular <Dieu, Deu> God deüssent - verb; third person plural subjunctive imperfective <devoir> have to devanra - verb; third person singular future <devenir> become devant - preposition; <devant> before, in front of, in the presence of devers - preposition; <devers, de vers> in the direction of, from the direction of devez - verb; second person plural imperative <devoir> have to devient - verb; third person singular subjunctive present <devenir> become devient - verb; third person singular present <devenir> become devoree - verb; perfective participle nominative singular feminine <devorer> devour dex - proper name; nominative singular <Dieu, Deu> God diau - noun; nominative singular <dol, duel> suffering, grief diaule - noun; oblique singular <deable, diavle> devil diet - verb; third person singular subjunctive present <dire> say, tell Dieu - proper name; oblique singular <Dieu, Deu> God dirai - verb; first person singular future <dire> say, tell dire - verb; infinitive <dire> say, tell dis - noun; oblique plural <di> day dist - verb; third person singular preterite <dire> say, tell dit - verb; third person singular present <dire> say, tell diu - proper name; oblique singular <Dieu, Deu> God divers - adjective; oblique plural masculine <divers> various doi - verb; first person singular present <devoir> have to doi - noun; oblique singular <doi, dei> finger doing - verb; first person singular present <doner> give dois - verb; second person singular present <devoir> have to dolent - adjective; nominative singular masculine <dolent> sorrowful, wetched dolur - noun; oblique singular <dolor> pain, suffering dommaige - noun; oblique singular <damage> trouble, harm dommaiges - noun; nominative singular <damage> trouble, harm domnizelle - noun; nominative singular <damoiselle> girl of noble birth donc - adverb; <donc> then, therefore dont - adverb; <donc> then, therefore dont - relative pronoun; <dont, dunt> of whom, of which, whose d'or - preposition; <de> of, from + noun; oblique singular <or> gold doterent - verb; third person plural preterite <doter> doubt, be afraid dreit - adjective; oblique singular masculine <droit> direct, right, proper du - preposition; <de> of, from + definite article; oblique singular masculine <li> the du tot en tot - preposition; <de> of, from + definite article; oblique singular masculine <li> the + noun; oblique singular <tot> whole + preposition; <en> in, into, on, on top of + noun; oblique singular <tot> whole duel - noun; oblique singular <dol, duel> suffering, grief dulce - adjective; oblique singular feminine <dolz, dous> sweet, gentle dulor - noun; oblique singular <dolor> pain, suffering d'une - preposition; <de> of, from + indefinite article; oblique singular feminine <un> a dunt - relative pronoun; <dont, dunt> of whom, of which, whose durai - verb; first person singular future <doner> give durement - adverb; <durement> greatly, sorely, very durs - adjective; nominative singular masculine <dur> hard, unrefined, cruel dux - noun; nominative singular <duc> duke e - conjunction; <e, et, ed> and e si - conjunction; <e, et, ed> and + particle; <si> so, and moreover ed - conjunction; <e, et, ed> and eglentier - noun; oblique singular <aiglent> wild rose eil - personal pronoun; third person plural direct object <il> they einz mes - adverb; <ainc, ainz, ains> earlier, rather + conjunction; <mais> more, further, rather eist - verb; third person singular present <issir> go out, come out el - preposition; <en> in, into, on, on top of + definite article; oblique singular masculine <li> the ele - personal pronoun; third person singular nominative feminine <il> he element - noun; oblique singular <element> force, energy, god elle - personal pronoun; third person singular nominative feminine <il> he ell'ent - personal pronoun; third person singular nominative feminine <il> he + adverb; <ent, end> subsequently els - personal pronoun; third person plural direct object masculine <il> they empedementz - noun; oblique plural <empedement> persecution empeint - verb; third person singular present <empeindre> blow, protrude emperere - noun; nominative singular <empereor> emperor empereres - noun; nominative singular <empereor> emperor empur - preposition; <enpur, anpur> for the sake of en - pronoun; inanimate <en> of it en - preposition; <en> in, into, on, on top of en apert - preposition; <en> in, into, on, on top of + adjective; oblique singular masculine <apert> open, visible, manifest encontre - preposition; <encontre> to, towards, against encor - adverb; <encore, encor, uncore> still, yet enfer - noun; oblique singular <enfern> hell engagié - verb; perfective participle oblique singular masculine <engagier> commit engendre - verb; third person singular present <engeindre, engendrer> cause engin - noun; oblique singular <engin, engien> skill, cheating enl - preposition; <en> in, into, on, on top of + definite article; oblique singular masculine <li> the enne - interrogative adverb; <enne> not enor - noun; oblique singular <onor, enor, anor> honor, respect, esteem, fief enortet - verb; third person singular present <enorter> exhort, urge, seduce enparentés - adjective; nominative singular masculine <emparenté> of noble lineage enragié - adjective; oblique singular masculine <enragié> furious enseigne - noun; oblique singular <enseigne> war cry enseigner - verb; infinitive <enseignier> teach, inform, point out ensemble - adverb; <ensemble> together ensembl'od - preposition; <ensemble od> together with entendre - verb; infinitive <entendre> try, pay attention, understand, hear entre - preposition; <entre> between, among, in the midst of entrepris - noun; nominative singular <entrepris> unhappy person envers - preposition :; <envers> towards enz - adverb, reinforcing element; <ens, enz> ... ere - verb; third person singular imperfective <estre, iestre, aistre> be eret - verb; third person singular imperfective <estre, iestre, aistre> be es - preposition; <en> in, into, on, on top of + definite article; oblique plural masculine <li> the es - verb; second person singular present <estre, iestre, aistre> be esbaï - adjective; nominative singular masculine <esbai> frightened, troubled, surprised esbaneier - verb; infinitive <esbanir> amuse eschech - noun; oblique singular <eschec> booty, loot eschecs - noun; oblique plural <eschecs> chess escil - noun; oblique singular <essil, eissil, issil> wretchedness, ruin escremissent - verb; third person plural present <escremir, escrimer> fence escriet - verb; third person singular present <escrier> cry out, shout escuz - noun; nominative singular <escu> shield eskoltet - verb; third person singular present <escolter> listen to, pay attention to esleechier - verb; infinitive <esleecier> rejoice esmaier - verb; infinitive <esmaier> be dismayed Espaigne - proper name; oblique singular <Espaigne> Spain espusede - verb; perfective participle oblique singular feminine <esposer> marry est - verb; third person singular present <estre, iestre, aistre> be esteit - verb; third person singular imperfective <estre, iestre, aistre> be estes - verb; second person plural present <estre, iestre, aistre> be estet - verb; perfective participle nominative singular masculine <ester> stand, remain, be estoient - verb; third person plural imperfective <estre, iestre, aistre> be estre - verb; infinitive <estre, iestre, aistre> be estude - noun; oblique singular <estude, estudie> study, zeal et - conjunction; <e, et, ed> and et si - conjunction; <e, et, ed> and + conjunction; <si> yet eü - verb; first person preterite <avoir, aveir> have, be Eufemïen - proper name; nominative singular <Eufemïen> Eufemien Eulalia - proper name; nominative singular <Eulalia> Eulalia face - verb; third person singular subjunctive present <faire> make fai - verb; second person singular imperative <faire> make fain - noun; oblique singular <faim> hunger, desire faintise - noun; oblique singular <feintise> pretense, deceit faire - verb; infinitive <faire> make fait - verb; perfective participle oblique singular masculine <faire> make fait la peine - verb; third person singular present <faire> make + definite article; oblique singular feminine <li> the + noun; oblique singular <peine, paine> torment, suffering faldestoed - noun; oblique singular <faldestuel, faldestuef, faldestoed> folding chair for important person, throne fausse - adjective; nominative singular feminine <fals, faus> false favele - noun; oblique singular <favele> story, lie feindre - verb; infinitive <feindre> do nothing, shy away feiz - noun; oblique plural <feiz, veiz> time fera demoree - verb; third person singular future <faire> make + noun; oblique singular <demoree> delay, stay ferai - verb; first person singular future <faire> make fere - verb; infinitive <faire> make feroit - verb; third person singular conditional <faire> make fers - noun; nominative singular <fer> iron, weapon fet - verb; perfective participle oblique singular masculine <faire> make fier - adjective; oblique singular masculine <fier> fierce, strong, proud fiers - adjective; nominative singular masculine <fier> fierce, strong, proud figure - noun; oblique singular <figure> form, person, character fil - noun; oblique singular <fil> son file - noun; oblique singular <fille> daughter filer - verb; infinitive <filer> spin filluel - noun; oblique singular <filuel> son, godson fils - noun; nominative singular <fil> son Filz - noun; nominative singular <fil> son filz - noun; oblique singular <fil> son Finepople - proper name; oblique singular <Finepople> Finepople finirai - verb; first person singular future <fenir, finir> end, stop fist - verb; third person singular preterite <faire> make flors d'aiglentier - noun; nominative singular <flor> flower + preposition; <de> of, from + noun; oblique singular <aiglantier> wild rose flurit - verb; perfective participle oblique singular masculine <florir> flower fole - adjective; oblique singular feminine <fol> crazy fols - adjective; nominative plural masculine <fol> crazy forment - adverb; <forment> greatly, very, very much fors - adverb; <fors> out, outside fors - preposition; <fors> except fort - adjective; nominative singular masculine <fort> strong, hard, fierce fou - noun; oblique singular <feu, fou> fire, family foulerai - verb; first person singular future <foler> harm fraindre - verb; infinitive <freindre, fraindre> break France - proper name; oblique singular <France> France Franceis - proper name; oblique singular <Franceis> free, noble, subject of the king of France Franceis - proper name; nominative plural <Franceis> free, noble, subject of the king of France freres - noun; oblique plural <frere> brother freres - noun; nominative singular <frere> brother fromage - noun; nominative singular <fromage> cheese fromage - noun; oblique singular <fromage> cheese fromaige - noun; oblique singular <fromage> cheese fu - verb; third person singular preterite <estre, iestre, aistre> be fui - verb; first person singular preterite <estre, iestre, aistre> be fuiet - verb; third person singular subjunctive present <fuir, fuier> flee from, abandon fuisse - verb; first person singular subjunctive imperfective <estre, iestre, aistre> be funt - verb; third person plural present <faire> make furent - verb; third person plural preterite <estre, iestre, aistre> be furet - verb; third person singular pluperfect <estre, iestre, aistre> be fuson - verb; first person plural subjunctive imperfective <estre, iestre, aistre> be fut - verb; third person singular preterite <estre, iestre, aistre> be garent - noun; oblique singular <garant, garent> protection, defense gart - verb; third person singular subjunctive present <garder> watch over, guard Gefreid - proper name; nominative singular <Gefreid> Gefreid gent - adjective; oblique singular masculine <gent> fair, handsome, beautiful gent - noun; oblique singular <gent> race, people gent - noun; nominative singular <gent> race, people gente - adjective; oblique singular feminine <gent> fair, handsome, beautiful gentilz - adjective; nominative singular masculine <gentil> noble, brave Gerers - proper name; nominative singular <Gerer> Gerer Gerin - proper name; nominative singular <Gerin> Gerin getterent - verb; third person plural preterite <geter, giter> throw, reject, utter gié - personal pronoun; first person singular nominative <jo, jou, jeu> I Giles - proper name; nominative singular <Giles> Giles gist - verb; third person singular present <gesir> lie gloire - noun; oblique singular <gloire> glory gloire - noun; nominative singular <gloire> glory grabatum - noun; oblique singular <grabatum> simple bed grand - adjective; oblique singular feminine <grant> great, large, tall grand - adjective; oblique singular masculine <grant> great, large, tall grant - adjective; nominative singular feminine <grant> great, large, tall grant - adjective; oblique singular masculine <grant> great, large, tall grant - adjective; oblique singular feminine <grant> great, large, tall granz - adjective; oblique plural feminine <grant> great, large, tall Grieu - proper name; nominative plural <gré, grieu, griu, gri> Greek Griex - proper name; oblique plural <gré, grieu, griu, gri> Greek guant - noun; oblique singular <gant> glove guarder - verb; infinitive <garder> watch over, guard guarnemenz - noun; oblique plural <garnement> decorative object guereduner - verb; infinitive <guerredoner> reward guerpi - verb; third person singular preterite <guerpir> abandon, leave guerpirent - verb; third person plural preterite <guerpir> abandon, leave guerre - noun; oblique singular <guerre> war, trouble gunfanuner - noun; nominative singular <gunfanuner> standard bearer ha - interjection; <ha> ha, hello haïne - noun; nominative singular <haine> hatred halt - adjective; nominative plural masculine <alt, aut, halt> high, strong, important hardie - adjective; nominative singular feminine <hardi> bold, brave haubers - noun; nominative singular <halberc, osberc> hauberk haves - adjective; nominative singular masculine <have> dark, sick, somber herberges - verb; second person singular subjunctive present <herbergier> lodge, shelter, receive as guest Hersen - proper name; oblique singular <Hersen> Hersen hom - noun; nominative singular <home, ome> man home - noun; nominative singular <home, ome> man home - noun; oblique singular <home, ome> man honestét - noun; oblique singular <honestét> honor honneur - noun; nominative singular <onor, enor, anor> honor, respect, esteem, fief honoree - adjective; nominative singular feminine <honore> honored honte - noun; oblique singular <honte> shame, disgrace hors de - preposition; <hors> out, out of, except + preposition; <de> of, from huit - numeral; <huit> eight huitaves - noun; nominative plural <huitaves> octave hume - noun; nominative plural <home, ome> man humes - noun; oblique plural <home, ome> man i - particle; <i> there ici - adverb; <ici, issi> here ie - personal pronoun; first person singular nominative <jo, jou, jeu> I iert - verb; third person singular future <estre, iestre, aistre> be iert - verb; third person singular imperfective <estre, iestre, aistre> be iestres - noun; oblique singular <estre> life, condition, way of life ihu - proper name; oblique singular <Iesus> Jesus il - personal pronoun; third person plural nominative masculine <il> they il - personal pronoun; third person singular nominative masculine <il> he iloec - adverb; <iluec, ilec, iluoc> there iluec - adverb; <iluec, ilec, iluoc> there imais - conjunction; <mais, mes> but in - preposition; <en> in, into, on, on top of inimi - noun; nominative plural <enemi> enemy, devil iours - noun; oblique plural <jorn, jor> day iret - adjective; nominative singular masculine <iré, irié> angry, distressed, furious is - verb; second person singular imperative <issir> go out, come out isle - noun; oblique singular <isle, ille> island .IX. - number; <.IX.> nine ja - personal pronoun; first person singular nominative <jo, jou, jeu> I ja - adverb; <ja, jai> now, already, at once ja mes ne - adverb; <ja> ever + adverb; <mais> more, further, rather + negation; <ne, nen> not ja n'en - adverb; <ja> ever + negation; <ne, nen> not + pronoun; inanimate <en> of it ja n'en mantirai - adverb; <ja> ever + negation; <ne, nen> not + pronoun; inanimate <en> of it + verb; first person singular future <mentir> lie, betray, deny, fail j'ai - personal pronoun; first person singular nominative <jo, jou, jeu> I + verb; first person singular present <avoir, aveir> have, be j'aim miex - personal pronoun; first person singular nominative <jo, jou, jeu> I + verb; first person singular present <amer> love + comparative adverb; <miels, mels> better, rather Jakes de Bondine - proper name; nominative singular <Jake de Bondine> Jake de Bondine je - personal pronoun; first person singular nominative <jo, jou, jeu> I j'en - personal pronoun; first person singular nominative <jo, jou, jeu> I + pronoun; inanimate <en> of it jo - personal pronoun; first person singular nominative <jo, jou, jeu> I joie - noun; nominative singular <joi, joie> joy joiose - adjective; nominative singular feminine <joieus> full of joy jor - noun; oblique singular <jorn, jor> day jornees - noun; oblique plural <jornee> day's journey jorz - noun; oblique plural <jorn, jor> day juent - verb; third person plural present <joer> play jusqu'a - preposition; <jusqu'a> as far as, up to Karles - proper name; nominative singular <Charles> Charles, Charlemagne ki - relative pronoun; subject <qui> that kil - relative pronoun; subject <qui> who + personal pronoun; third person singular direct object masculine <il> he kose - noun; oblique singular <chose, cose> thing, affair, creature Krist - proper name; oblique singular <Christ> Christ la - adverb; <la> there la - personal pronoun; third person singular direct object feminine <il> he la - definite article; nominative singular feminine <li> the la - definite article; oblique singular feminine <li> the la Saint Johan - definite article; oblique singular feminine <li> the + adjective; oblique singular masculine <saint> holy + proper name; oblique singular <Johan> John l'ad - personal pronoun; third person singular direct object masculine <il> he + verb; third person singular present <avoir, aveir> have, be laissié - verb; perfective participle oblique singular masculine <laissier> leave, let, abandon laist - verb; third person singular subjunctive present <laissier> leave, let, abandon l'amors - definite article; nominative singular masculine <li> the + noun; nominative singular <amor> love l'an - definite article; nominative singular masculine <li> the + personal pronoun; third person singular nominative <om, on> one l'anme - definite article; oblique singular feminine <li> the + noun; oblique singular <anme, alme, arme, ame> soul, somebody l'apialt - personal pronoun; third person singular direct object masculine <il> he + verb; third person singular present <apeler> accuse, summon, call l'at - personal pronoun; third person singular direct object masculine <il> he + verb; third person singular present <avoir, aveir> have, be l'aviserent - personal pronoun; third person singular direct object masculine <il> he + verb; third person plural preterite <aviser> look at, see, recognize, appreciate l'avoient - personal pronoun; third person singular direct object <il> he + verb; third person plural imperfective <avoir, aveir> have, be lazsier - verb; infinitive <laissier> leave, let, abandon le - definite article; nominative singular masculine <li> the le - definite article; nominative singular feminine <li> the le - definite article; oblique singular masculine <li> the le - personal pronoun; third person singular direct object masculine <il> he le - definite article; oblique singular feminine <li> the leax - adjective; nominative singular masculine <leal, loial> loyal, legitimate leger - adjective; nominative plural masculine <legier, ligier, loigier> light, supple, light-hearted lei - personal pronoun; third person singular indirect object feminine <il> he l'en - definite article; nominative singular masculine <li> the + personal pronoun; third person singular nominative <om, on> one l'encumbrent - personal pronoun; third person singular direct object masculine <il> he + verb; third person plural subjunctive present <encombrer> overload l'engingne - personal pronoun; third person singular direct object masculine <il> he + verb; third person singular present <engignier, engeignier> invent, seduce, deceive l'entendent - personal pronoun; third person singular direct object masculine <il> he + verb; third person plural present <entendre> try, pay attention, understand, hear l'erbe - definite article; oblique singular feminine <li> the + noun; oblique singular <erbre> grass les - definite article; oblique plural masculine <li> the les - personal pronoun; third person plural direct object masculine <il> they les - definite article; oblique plural feminine <li> the les - definite article; nominative plural masculine <li> the l'estoet - personal pronoun; third person singular indirect object masculine <il> he + verb; third person singular imperfective <estre, iestre, aistre> be l'estur - definite article; oblique singular masculine <li> the + noun; oblique singular <estor, estorm> noise, tumult, battle leur - possessive; third person plural oblique singular masculine <lor, leur> their l'eure - definite article; oblique singular feminine <li> the + noun; oblique singular <ore, eure> hour, time leva - verb; third person singular preterite <lever> lift up l'honur - definite article; oblique singular masculine <li> the + noun; oblique singular <onor, enor, anor> honor, respect, esteem, fief l'i - personal pronoun; third person singular direct object singular masculine <il> he + particle; <i> there li - definite article; nominative plural masculine <li> the li - personal pronoun; third person singular indirect object feminine <il> he li - personal pronoun; third person singular indirect object masculine <il> he li - definite article; nominative singular masculine <li> the lie - adjective; nominative singular feminine <lié, liet> happy, joyful liez - adjective; nominative singular masculine <lié, liet> happy, joyful linage - noun; oblique singular <lignage> lineage, family lis - noun; nominative singular <lil> lily lit - noun; oblique singular <lit> bed livres - noun; nominative singular <livre> book, inventory liwes - noun; oblique plural <liue, live> mile lo - definite article; oblique singular masculine <li> the loié - verb; perfective participle oblique singular masculine <lier, loier> bind loing - adverb; <loing, loin, luin, lonc> far, far away l'oïrent - personal pronoun; third person singular direct object masculine <il> he + verb; third person plural preterite <oir, odir> hear l'oït - personal pronoun; third person singular direct object masculine <il> he + verb; third person singular preterite <oir, odir> hear l'olifan - definite article; oblique singular masculine <li> the + noun; oblique singular <olifant> ivory horn longhement - adverb; <longement> long, for a long time longuement - adverb; <longement> long, for a long time lor - personal pronoun; third person plural indirect object masculine <il> they lui - personal pronoun; third person singular direct object masculine <il> he l'um - definite article; nominative singular masculine <li> the + personal pronoun; nominative singular <om, on> one lunge - adjective; oblique singular feminine <lonc, long, loing> long, far lunge - adjective; nominative singular feminine <lonc, long, loing> long, far lur - possessive; third person plural oblique plural masculine <lor, leur> their lur - personal pronoun; third person plural indirect object <il> they .LXXX. - number; <.LXXX.> eighty ma - possessive; first person singular nominative singular feminine <mon> my ma - possessive; first person singular oblique singular feminine <mon> my m'acreantez - personal pronoun; first person singular indirect object <jo, jou, jeu> I + verb; second person plural imperative <acreanter> promise, allow, agree maent - verb; third person singular present <maindre> stay, remain magnes - adjective; nominative singular masculine <magne> great Mahumet - proper name; oblique singular <Mahumez, Mahun> Mahomet mains - adverb; <meins, mains, moins> less, fewer maint - adjective; oblique singular masculine <maint> many, many a maintenant - adverb; <maintenant> immediately, soon mais - conjunction; <mais> more, further, rather maisnee - noun; oblique singular <maisniee, maisnie> household, army maison - noun; oblique singular <maison> house malement - adverb; <malement> badly mals - noun; nominative singular <mal> evil, disaster, illness mals - adjective; oblique plural masculine <mal> bad, mean, wretched m'ame - possessive; first person singular nominative singular feminine <mon> my + noun; nominative singular <anme, alme, arme, ame> soul, somebody m'amor - possessive; first person singular oblique singular feminine <mon> my + noun; oblique singular <amor> love manatce - noun; oblique singular <menace, manace> menace maniere - noun; oblique singular <maniere> way, intention mantez - verb; second person plural present <mentir> lie, betray, deny, fail mar - adverb; <mar> wrongly, in vain Marsilie - proper name; nominative singular <Marsilie> Marsilie m'as - personal pronoun; first person singular indirect object <jo, jou, jeu> I + verb; second person singular present <avoir, aveir> have, be m'as - personal pronoun; first person direct object <jo, jou, jeu> I + verb; third person singular present <avoir, aveir> have, be masse - noun; nominative singular <masse> mass maufé - noun; oblique singular <malfé> devil, demon maufé - noun; nominative plural <malfé> devil, demon mautalent - noun; oblique singular <maltalent> anger m'avez chiere - personal pronoun; first person singular direct object <jo, jou, jeu> I + verb; second person plural present <avoir, aveir> have, be + adjective; oblique singular feminine <cher> beloved, expensive max - noun; nominative singular <mal> evil, disaster, illness Maximiien - proper name; oblique singular <Maximiien> Maximian maz - adjective; nominative singular masculine <mat> feeble, exhausted, sad me - personal pronoun; first person singular indirect object <jo, jou, jeu> I me - personal pronoun; first person singular nominative <jo, jou, jeu> I me - possessive; first person singular oblique singular feminine <mon> my me - personal pronoun; first person singular direct object <jo, jou, jeu> I medra - noun; nominative singular <mere> mother melz - comparative adverb; <miels, mels> better, rather m'en - personal pronoun; first person singular direct object <jo, jou, jeu> I + pronoun; inanimate <en> of it men - possessive; first person singular oblique singular masculine <mon> my mener - verb; infinitive <mener> take, lead, show menestier - noun; oblique singular <menestier> service, profession menja - verb; third person singular preterite <mangier, manjuer> eat menut e suvent - adverb; <menu, menut> quickly + conjunction; <e, et, ed> and + adverb; <sovent> frequently, often mer - adjective; oblique singular masculine <mer, mier> pure mer - noun; oblique singular <mer> sea merci - noun; oblique singular <merci> grace, mercy, pity mercit - noun; oblique singular <merci> grace, mercy, pity mere - noun; nominative singular <mere> mother Mernoc - proper name; nominative singular <Mernoc> Mernoc mervelle - noun; nominative singular <merveille> what is surprising, wonder mervoille - noun; oblique singular <merveille> what is surprising, wonder mes - conjunction; <mais, mes> but mes - possessive; first person singular nominative singular masculine <mon> my mescroit - verb; third person singular present <mescroire> refuse to believe, suspect mespris - verb; perfective participle oblique singular masculine <mesprendre> make a mistake, commit a crime message - noun; nominative plural <message> messenger met - verb; third person singular present <metre, mectre, mettre> put mete a raison - verb; first person singular subjunctive present <metre, mectre, mettre> put + preposition; <a, ad> to, up to, against, in, on + noun; oblique singular <raison> reason, speech, word metroiz - verb; second person plural conditional <metre, mectre, mettre> put mi - personal pronoun; first person singular direct object <jo, jou, jeu> I mie - negation; <mie> not mien - possessive; first person singular oblique singular masculine <mon> my miex - comparative adverb; <miels, mels> better, rather millers - numeral; nominative plural <millier> thousand milliers - numeral; oblique plural <millier> thousand miracles - noun; oblique plural <miracle> miracle mis - verb; perfective participle oblique singular masculine <metre, mectre, mettre> put mis - possessive; first person singular nominative singular masculine <mon> my moi - personal pronoun; first person singular direct object <jo, jou, jeu> I moie - possessive; first person singular oblique singular feminine <mon> my moines - noun; oblique plural <moine, monie> monk molt - adverb, adjective; <molt, mult, mout> many, much, very mon - possessive; first person singular oblique singular masculine <mon> my mont - noun; oblique singular <mont> mountain moralité - noun; nominative singular <moralité> character, lesson morir - verb; infinitive <morir> kill, die mort - noun; nominative singular <mort> death mort - verb; perfective participle nominative singular masculine <morir> kill, die mort - noun; oblique singular <mort> death morte - verb; perfective participle nominative singular feminine <morir> kill, die morz - verb; perfective participle nominative singular masculine <morir> kill, die mot - noun; oblique singular <mot> word mouroit - verb; third person singular imperfective <morir> kill, die mout - adverb, adjective; <molt, mult, mout> many, much, very mult - adverb, adjective; <molt, mult, mout> many, much, very mun - possessive; first person singular oblique singular masculine <mon> my muntaigne - noun; oblique singular <montaigne> mountain mur - noun; nominative singular <mur> wall murs - noun; oblique plural <mur> wall n'ai cure de - negation; <ne, nen> not + verb; first person singular present <avoir, aveir> have, be + noun; oblique singular <cure> care, anxiety + preposition; <de> of, from n'aperçoit - negation; <ne, nen> not + verb; third person singular present <apercevoir> notice, know nate - noun; oblique singular <nate> matting n'avoit - negation; <ne, nen> not + verb; third person singular imperfective <avoir, aveir> have, be n'avra - negation; <ne, nen> not + verb; third person singular future <avoir, aveir> have, be n'avreie - negation; <ne, nen> not + verb; first person singular conditional <avoir, aveir> have, be ne - negation; <ne, ni> nor, and not ne l'en est rien - negation; <ne, ni> nor, and not + personal pronoun; third person singular indirect object masculine <il> he + pronoun; inanimate <en> of it + verb; third person singular present <estre, iestre, aistre> be + indefinite pronoun; <rien> anything ned - negation; <ne, ni> nor, and not nef - noun; oblique singular <nef> ship nef - noun; nominative singular <nef> ship Neimes - proper name; nominative singular <Neimes> Naimes nel - negation; <ne, nen> not + personal pronoun; third person singular direct object masculine <il> he nen - negation; <ne, nen> not n'en - negation; <ne, nen> not + pronoun; inanimate <en> of it nes - negation; <ne, nen> not n'eüst - negation; <ne, nen> not + verb; third person singular subjunctive imperfective <avoir, aveir> have, be n'i - negation; <ne, nen> not + particle; <i> there niers - noun; nominative singular <nevot, neveu> grandson, nephew niés - noun; nominative singular <nevot, neveu> grandson, nephew n'iestes - negation; <ne, nen> not + verb; second person plural present <estre, iestre, aistre> be n'il - negation; <ne, ni> nor, and not + personal pronoun; third person singular nominative masculine <il> he niule - adjective; nominative singular feminine <nul> no, not any no - possessive; first person plural oblique singular feminine <nostre> our nom - noun; oblique singular <nom, non> name, title non - negation; <non> not non - noun; oblique singular <nom, non> name, title nonchiet - verb; perfective participle nominative singular masculine <noncier> announce, tell nonque - adverb; <nonque> never nonsavoir - noun; oblique singular <nonsavoir> ignorance no'nt - negation; <non> not + adverb; <ent, end> subsequently nos - possessive; first person plural oblique plural feminine <nostre> our nos - personal pronoun; first person plural nominative <nos> we nos - negation; <non> not + personal pronoun; third person singular direct object <se> he nos - personal pronoun; first person plural direct object <nos> we nos coist - negation; <non> not + personal pronoun; third person singular direct object <se> he + verb; third person singular preterite <cuire> cook, burn n'ose - negation; <ne, nen> not + verb; first person singular present <oser> dare nostre - possessive; first person plural nominative singular masculine <nostre> our nostre - possessive; first person plural nominative plural masculine <nostre> our Nostre Dame - possessive; first person plural nominative singular feminine <nostre> our + noun; nominative singular <dame> lady, dame nous - personal pronoun; first person plural direct object <nos> we nous - personal pronoun; first person plural nominative <nos> we nous - personal pronoun; first person plural indirect object <nos> we nu - negation; <ne, nen> not + personal pronoun; third person singular direct object <il> he num - noun; oblique singular <nom, non> name, title numet - verb; third person singular present <nomer> name, call nus - adjective; nominative singular masculine <nul> no, not any o - conjunction; <o, u> or o - demonstrative; oblique singular neuter <o, ou, euc> this ocis - verb; perfective participle nominative singular masculine <ocire> kill od - preposition; <ot, od, of, o> with oez - verb; second person plural present <oir, odir> hear oil - noun; nominative plural <oeuil, oil> eye oilz - noun; oblique plural <oeuil, oil> eye oïr - verb; infinitive <oir, odir> hear oisel - noun; oblique singular <oisel> bird Oliver - proper name; nominative singular <Oliver> Oliver omque - adverb; <onques> once, ever oncques - adverb; <onques> once, ever ont - verb; third person plural present <avoir, aveir> have, be or - adverb; <or> now or - noun; oblique singular <or> gold or - conjunction; <or> now oram - verb; first person plural imperative <orer> pray orisons - noun; oblique singular <orison, oraison> prayer, speech os - demonstrative; oblique plural neuter <o, ou, euc> this ostel - noun; oblique singular <ostel> house, dwelling ot - verb; third person singular preterite <avoir, aveir> have, be ot - verb; third person singular present <oir, odir> hear otroie - verb; third person singular present <otroier, otrier> grant, agree ou - relative pronoun; <ou, u> where out - verb; third person singular preterite <avoir, aveir> have, be pagiens - noun; oblique plural <paien, pagien> pagan, heathen pagiens - adjective; nominative singular masculine <paien> pagan, heathen paien - noun; oblique singular <paien, pagien> pagan, heathen paiene - adjective; oblique singular feminine <paien> pagan, heathen pain - noun; oblique singular <pain> bread pais - verb; second person singular imperative <paistre, pestre> feed paist - verb; third person singular present <paistre, pestre> feed palies - noun; oblique plural <paile> precious cloth pance - noun; oblique singular <pance> stomach, belly pansez - verb; second person plural imperative <penser> think, pay attention par - preposition; <par> through, by, by reason of par foi - preposition; <par> through, by, by reason of + noun; oblique singular <foi, fei> faith, honor par le men escïentre - preposition; <par> through, by, by reason of + definite article; oblique singular masculine <li> the + possessive; first person singular oblique singular masculine <mon> my + noun; oblique singular <escïent> knowledge par mi - preposition; <parmi, par mi> through, in the middle par nule guise unces - preposition; <par> through, by, by reason of + adjective; oblique singular feminine <nul> no, not any + noun; oblique singular <guise> way, manner + adverb; <onques> once, ever parage - noun; oblique singular <parage> family, origin, rank paramenz - noun; oblique plural <parament> finery, precious object pardon - noun; oblique singular <pardon> grace, permission pardounot - verb; third person singular preterite <pardoner> forgive, pardon parenz - noun; oblique plural <parent> father, parent parlement - noun; oblique singular <parlement> conversation, word, meeting parler - verb; infinitive <parler> speak, talk parlez - verb; second person plural present <parler> speak, talk parole - verb; third person singular present <parler> speak, talk parole - noun; oblique singular <parole> word, speech parolle - noun; oblique singular <parole> word, speech part - noun; oblique singular <part> part, portion parvient - verb; third person singular present <parvenir> arrive pas - negation; <pas> not pecchez - noun; oblique plural <pechié> sin, mistake peceiez - verb; perfective participle oblique plural masculine <pecier> smash to pieces pedre - noun; oblique singular <pere> father pedre - noun; nominative singular <pere> father peine - noun; oblique singular <peine, paine> torment, suffering pende - verb; third person singular subjunctive present <pendre> hang penét - verb; perfective participle oblique singular masculine <pener> torture, suffer pensas - verb; second person singular preterite <penser> think, pay attention per - preposition; <par> through, by, by reason of perdesse - verb; third person singular subjunctive imperfective <perdre> lose, perish pere - noun; nominative singular <pere> father Pere - noun; oblique singular <Perre> Peter peril - noun; oblique singular <peril> danger perir - verb; infinitive <perir> perish, destroy pert - verb; third person singular present <perdre> lose, perish perte - noun; oblique singular <perte> fall, destruction petit - adjective, adverb; <petit> small, little Phynepople - proper name; oblique singular <Phynepople> Phynepople pieche - noun; oblique singular <piece> piece, segment pied - noun; oblique singular <pié> foot piere - noun; oblique singular <piere, pierre> stone, prison pierre - noun; oblique singular <piere, pierre> stone, prison pin - noun; oblique singular <pin> pine tree plaint - verb; perfective participle nominative plural masculine <plaindre> complain, regret, mourn plaire - verb; infinitive <plaire> please pleier - verb; infinitive <ploier> bend, yield plein - adjective; oblique singular masculine <plein, plain> full pleins - adjective; oblique plural masculine <plein, plain> full pleüst - verb; third person singular subjunctive imperfective <plaire> please ploré - verb; perfective participle oblique singular masculine <plorer> cry, shed tears plourer - verb; infinitive <plorer> cry, shed tears pluiseurs - indefinite pronoun; nominative plural masculine <plusor, pluisor> several plurent - verb; third person plural present <plorer> cry, shed tears plurer - verb; infinitive <plorer> cry, shed tears plus - adverb; <plus> more plus est pres de - adverb; <plus> more + verb; third person singular present <estre, iestre, aistre> be + preposition; <pres de> close to poet - verb; third person singular present <pooir, poeir, poier> can, be able poez - verb; second person plural present <pooir, poeir, poier> can, be able pois - verb; first person singular present <pooir, poeir, poier> can, be able polle - noun; nominative singular <polle> girl poor - noun; oblique singular <paor, peor> fear por - preposition; <por> for por ce que - preposition; <por> for + demonstrative; oblique singular neuter <cil> that + conjunction; <que> that porroit - verb; third person singular conditional <pooir, poeir, poier> can, be able porte - verb; third person singular present <porter> carry, bring, wear porz - noun; oblique plural <port> harbour, port post - preposition; <post> after pou - adverb; <poi, pou, pau> little, few poués - verb; second person singular present <pooir, poeir, poier> can, be able pour - preposition; <por> for pour coi - preposition; <por> for + interrogative; oblique <qui> what pourchace - verb; third person singular present <porchacier> seek, pursue poures - noun; oblique plural <povre> poor pouret - verb; third person singular pluperfect <pooir, poeir, poier> can, be able pourueeres - noun; nominative singular <porveor> purveyor poverte - noun; oblique singular <poverté> poverty, misery preiement - noun; oblique singular <priement> prayer preier - verb; infinitive <prier, preier> pray, beg, beseech prendrai - verb; first person singular future <prendre> take, take hold of, seize prendre - verb; infinitive <prendre> take, take hold of, seize prent - verb; third person singular present <prendre> take, take hold of, seize prés - adverb; <pres> close presentede - verb; perfective participle oblique singular feminine <presenter> present, offer, bring before the judge prest - verb; first person singular present <prester> lend prester - verb; infinitive <prester> lend pries - adverb; <pres> close pris - verb; perfective participle oblique singular masculine <prendre> take, take hold of, seize prisa - verb; third person singular preterite <prisier, proisier> esteem, appreciate prise - verb; perfective participle oblique singular feminine <prendre> take, take hold of, seize prison - noun; oblique singular <prison> captivity, prison pristrent - verb; third person plural preterite <prendre> take, take hold of, seize proier - verb; infinitive <prier, preier> pray, beg, beseech pucele - noun; nominative singular <pucele> girl, servant, maiden puet - verb; third person singular present <pooir, poeir, poier> can, be able pui - noun; nominative plural <pui> mountain, hill puis - adverb; <puis> subsequently pulcele - noun; nominative singular <pucele> girl, servant, maiden pulcella - noun; nominative singular <pucele> girl, servant, maiden pur - preposition; <por> for puroffrid - verb; third person singular preterite <porofrir> present quanque - pronoun; <quanque> all that quant - conjunction; <quant> when quar - conjunction; <quar, car> for, because qu'asproier - conjunction; <que> that + verb; infinitive <asproier> torment, prosecute que - relative pronoun; object <qui> that que - interrogative; oblique <qui> what que - conjunction; <que> that quë - conjunction; <que> that qued - conjunction; <que> that quel - interrogative; oblique singular feminine <quel> what qu'el - conjunction; <que> that + personal pronoun; third person singular nominative feminine <il> he qu'elle - conjunction; <que> that + personal pronoun; third person singular nominative feminine <il> he quels - interrogative; nominative singular masculine <quel> what qu'en - conjunction; <que> that + preposition; <en> in, into, on, on top of quens - noun; nominative singular <conte> count quer - noun; oblique singular <cuer, coer, cor> heart querre - verb; infinitive <quere, querre> look for, want, ask quet - relative pronoun; oblique <qui> who quex - relative pronoun; nominative singular feminine <quel> which qui - relative pronoun; object <qui> who qu'i - relative pronoun; object <qui> who + personal pronoun; third person plural nominative <il> they qui - interrogative; nominative singular <qui> who qui - relative pronoun; subject <qui> that quierent - verb; third person plural present <quere, querre> look for, want, ask quiert - verb; third person singular present <quere, querre> look for, want, ask qu'il - conjunction; <que> that + personal pronoun; third person singular nominative masculine <il> he quinze - numeral; <quinze> fifteen quis - verb; perfective participle oblique singular masculine <quere, querre> look for, want, ask randre - verb; infinitive <rendre> give, return raneiet - verb; third person singular subjunctive present <renoier, renier> abjure, deny ravoir - verb; infinitive <ravoir> have back ré - noun; oblique singular <ré, rei, rez> stake recleimet - verb; third person singular present <reclamer> call upon, invoke, beg reconut - verb; third person singular preterite <reconoistre> recognize recreant - adjective; oblique singular masculine <recreant> exhausted, cowardly recunuissent - verb; third person plural subjunctive present <reconoistre> recognize refai - verb; second person singular imperative <refaire> repair regiel - adjective; oblique singular masculine <regal> royal, of the king regne - noun; oblique singular <regne> kingdom, country rei - noun; oblique singular <roi> king reis - noun; nominative singular <roi> king relef - noun; oblique singular <relef> remains, scraps remaigne - verb; third person singular subjunctive present <remanoir> stay, remain, resist remés - verb; perfective participle oblique singular masculine <remanoir> stay, remain, resist remés - verb; perfective participle nominative singular masculine <remanoir> stay, remain, resist remest - verb; third person singular preterite <remanoir> stay, remain, resist Renart - proper name; nominative singular <Renart> Renart Rencesvals - proper name; oblique singular <Rencesvals> Roncevaux rendirent - verb; third person plural preterite <rendre> give, return Renier de Trit - proper name; oblique singular <Renier de Trit> Renier de Trit Reniers - proper name; nominative singular <Renier> Renier Reniers de Trit - proper name; nominative singular <Renier de Trit> Renier de Trit rent - verb; second person singular imperative <rendre> give, return requerre - verb; infinitive <requerre> ask, beseech requiert - verb; third person singular present <requerre> ask, beseech resort - noun; oblique singular <resort> restriction, remedy, defense resovient - verb; third person singular present <resovenir> remember respont - verb; third person singular present <respondre> answer respundre - verb; infinitive <respondre> answer reuele - verb; perfective participle oblique singular masculine <reveler> reveal, make known revellee - verb; perfective participle oblique singular feminine <reveler> revolt rex - noun; nominative singular <regem> king riches - adjective; nominative singular masculine <riche> powerful, strong, generous rien - noun; oblique singular <rien, ren> thing, creature, person roevet - verb; third person singular present <rover> ask, call upon, order roi - noun; oblique singular <roi> king roîne - noun; nominative singular <reine, raine, roine> queen rois - noun; nominative singular <roi> king Rollant - proper name; nominative singular <Rollant> Roland Rome - proper name; oblique singular <Rome> Rome rose - noun; nominative singular <rose> rose roveret - verb; third person singular pluperfect <rover> ask, call upon, order rues - noun; oblique plural <rue> street, village rumput - verb; perfective participle nominative singular masculine <rompre> break, burst ruovet - verb; third person singular present <rover> ask, call upon, order sa - possessive; third person singular nominative singular feminine <son> his sa - possessive; third person singular oblique singular feminine <son> his sacet - verb; third person singular subjunctive present <savoir> know saches - verb; second person singular subjunctive present <savoir> know sachiez - verb; second person plural imperative <savoir> know saciés - verb; second person plural subjunctive present <savoir> know sai - verb; first person singular present <savoir> know saige - adjective; oblique singular feminine <saige, saive> clever, educated sains Barintes - adjective; nominative singular masculine <saint> holy + proper name; nominative singular <Barintes> Barind sains Brandains - adjective; nominative singular masculine <saint> holy + proper name; nominative singular <Brandain> Brendan saint - adjective; oblique singular masculine <saint> holy saint Brandain - adjective; oblique singular masculine <saint> holy + proper name; oblique singular <Brandain> Brendan saive - adjective; nominative plural masculine <saige, saive> clever, educated saluerent - verb; third person plural preterite <saluer> salute, greet s'amie - possessive; third person singular oblique singular feminine <son> his + noun; object singular <amie> friend sanc - noun; oblique singular <sanc> blood sanglente - adjective; oblique singular feminine <sanglent> bloody Sansun - proper name; nominative singular <Sansun> Sansun santez - noun; nominative singular <santé> health, well-being Saraguce - proper name; oblique singular <Saraguce> Saragossa Sathan - proper name; nominative singular <Satan> Satan savoit - verb; third person singular imperfective <savoir> know scet - verb; third person singular present <savoir> know se - conjunction; <se> if së - conjunction; <se> if se coucha - verb; third person singular preterite <se coucher> lie down se dementet - verb; third person singular present <se dementer> lament se departi - verb; third person singular preterite <se departir> leave, go away se fait - verb; third person singular present <se faire> be se hasta - verb; third person singular preterite <se haster, se hasteier> hasten se n'est - conjunction; <se> if + negation; <ne, nen> not + verb; third person singular present <estre, iestre, aistre> be se pasment - verb; third person plural present <se pasmer> faint, swoon se repose - verb; third person singular present <se reposer> rest secle - noun; oblique singular <siecle, secle, seule> earthly life, world sei - pronoun personal; third person singular direct object <se> he seit - verb; third person singular subjunctive present <estre, iestre, aistre> be sempre - adverb; <sempres, sempre> always, immediately s'en - personal pronoun; third person singular direct object <se> he + pronoun; inanimate <en> of it sen - noun; oblique singular <sen, sens> direction, sense s'en alerent - personal pronoun; third person plural direct object <se> he + pronoun; inanimate <en> of it + verb; third person plural preterite <aler> go s'en cuidoient venir - personal pronoun; third person plural direct object <se> he + pronoun; inanimate <en> of it + verb; third person plural imperfective <cuidier> think + verb; infinitive <venir> come, go s'en deit aler - personal pronoun; third person singular direct object <se> he + pronoun; inanimate <en> of it + verb; third person singular present <devoir> have to + verb; infinitive <aler> go s'en redutet - personal pronoun; third person singular direct object <se> he + pronoun; inanimate <en> of it + verb; third person singular present <redoter> be afraid, fear sent - verb; third person singular present <sentir> smell, feel sent - verb; first person singular present <sentir> smell, feel senter - noun; oblique singular <sentier> path sera - verb; third person singular future <estre, iestre, aistre> be seret - verb; third person singular conditional <estre, iestre, aistre> be seroie - verb; first person singular conditional <estre, iestre, aistre> be serre - noun; oblique singular <serre> prison sert - verb; third person singular present <servir> serve servant - noun; oblique singular <servant> servant servir - verb; infinitive <servir> serve servise - noun; oblique singular <servise> devotion, favor, task ses - possessive; third person singular oblique plural masculine <son> his ses - possessive; third person singular nominative singular masculine <son> his s'es - conjunction; <se> if + verb; second person singular present <estre, iestre, aistre> be ses - possessive; third person singular nominative plural feminine <son> his ses - possessive; third person singular nominative plural masculine <son> his s'espee - possessive; third person singular oblique singular feminine <son> his + noun; oblique singular <espee> sword s'est - conjunction; <si> and, and thus + verb third person singular present; <estre, iestre, aistre> be set - verb; third person singular present <savoir> know set - numeral; <set> seven seü - verb; perfective participle oblique singular masculine <savoir> know seule - noun; oblique singular <siecle, secle, seule> earthly life, world seürs - adjective; nominative singular masculine <seur> sure si - possessive; third person singular nominative plural masculine <son> his si - adverb; <si> thus, that way, that much si - conjunction; <si> and, and thus s'i est culchet - personal pronoun; third person singular direct object <se> he + particle; <i> there + verb; third person singular present <estre, iestre, aistre> be + verb; perfective participle nominative singular masculine <couchier> lie down siedent - verb; third person plural present <seoir> sit, be seated siet - verb; third person singular present <seoir> sit, be seated sieulent - verb; third person plural present <soloir> be accustomed s'il - conjunction; <se> if + personal pronoun; third person singular nominative masculine <il> he sil - conjunction; <si> and, and thus + personal pronoun; third person singular direct object masculine <il> he sim - conjunction; <si> and, and thus + personal pronoun; first person singular direct object <jo, jou, jeu> I sire - noun; nominative singular <seignor> lord s'ire - possessive; third person singular oblique singular feminine <son> his + noun; oblique singular <ire> anger, distress sires - noun; nominative singular <seignor> lord si'st - adverb; <si> thus, that way, that much + verb; third person singular present <estre, iestre, aistre> be soi - verb; first person singular present <estre, iestre, aistre> be soiez - verb; second person plural imperative <estre, iestre, aistre> be sole - adjective; nominative singular feminine <sol> alone some - noun; oblique singular <som, some> sleep son - possessive; third person singular nominative singular masculine <son> his son - possessive; third person singular oblique singular masculine <son> his sont - verb; third person plural present <estre, iestre, aistre> be s'or - conjunction; <si> if + adverb; <or> now sostendreiet - verb; third person singular conditional <sostenir> sustain, support soure - preposition; <seur, soure, sur, sor> on, over, to, above souue - possessive; third person singular oblique singular feminine <son> his souvent - adverb; <sovent> frequently, often sovent - adverb; <sovent> frequently, often soventes - adjective; oblique plural feminine <sovent> many soz - preposition; <sos, soz> under spede - noun; oblique singular <espee> sword Stanemac - proper name; oblique singular <Stanemac> Stanemac sucurez - verb; second person plural imperative <secorer> go to the help of sue - possessive; third person singular nominative singular feminine <son> his sue - possessive; third person singular oblique singular feminine <son> his sui - verb; first person singular present <estre, iestre, aistre> be sun - possessive; third person singular oblique singular masculine <son> his s'un - conjunction; <se> if + indefinite article; oblique singular masculine <un> a sunet - verb; third person singular present <suner, soner> sound, utter sunt - verb; third person plural present <estre, iestre, aistre> be suon - possessive; third person singular oblique masculine <son> his sur - preposition; <seur, soure, sur, sor> on, over, to, above sus en - adverb; <sus, suz> up, above + preposition; <en> in, into, on, on top of suz - preposition; <sos, soz> under ta - possessive; second person singular oblique singular feminine <ton> your tabla - noun; oblique singular <table> table tables - noun; oblique plural <table> game t'ai - personal pronoun; second person singular direct object <tu> you + verb; first person singular present <avoir, aveir> have, be tans - noun; oblique singular <tens, tans> time, weather tant - adverb; <tant> so, so much tantost - adverb; <tantost> immediately te - personal pronoun; second person singular direct object <tu> you te - personal pronoun; second person singular indirect object <tu> you te - possessive; second person singular oblique singular feminine <ton> your tel - adjective; oblique singular feminine <tel> such temples - noun; nominative singular <temple> temple, forehead tendrement - adverb; <tendrement> tenderly tendroie - verb; first person singular conditional <tenir> hold, keep, seize, consider tenir - verb; infinitive <tenir> hold, keep, seize, consider tenis - verb; second person singular preterite <tenir> hold, keep, seize, consider tenoit - verb; third person singular imperfective <tenir> hold, keep, seize, consider tere - noun; oblique singular <terre> land, country, earth terme - noun; oblique singular <terme> term, period, period of time termine - noun; oblique singular <termine> period of time terre - noun; oblique singular <terre> land, country, earth teste - noun; oblique singular <teste> head testes - noun; oblique plural <teste> head Theophile - proper name; nominative singular <Theophile> Theophile Theophile - proper name; oblique singular <Theophile> Theophile Theophiles - proper name; nominative singular <Theophile> Theophile tien - verb; first person singular present <tenir> hold, keep, seize, consider tient - verb; third person singular present <tenir> hold, keep, seize, consider Tiercelin - proper name; nominative singular <Tiercelin> Tiercelin tiret - verb; third person singular present <tirer> pull tolir - verb; infinitive <tolir> take off, cut off tolirent - verb; third person plural preterite <tolir> take off, cut off ton - possessive; second person singular oblique singular masculine <ton> your tornoier - verb; infinitive <tornoier> whirl around, tourney tort - noun; oblique singular <tort> mistake tost - adverb; <tost> soon, immediately, quickly tot - adverb; <tot> entirely tote - adjective; nominative singular feminine <tot> all, every, completely tous - adjective; oblique plural masculine <tot> all, every, completely tout - adjective; oblique singular masculine <tot> all, every, completely toz - adjective; nominative singular masculine <tot> all, every, completely traït - verb; perfective participle oblique singular masculine <trair> betray trenble - verb; third person singular present <trembler> tremble trencier - verb; infinitive <trenchier> cut trent'e quatre - numeral; <trente et quatre> thirty four tres - adverb; <tres> much, very trespassïez - verb; second person plural imperfective <trespasser> pass, cross, go by tresprent - verb; third person singular present <tresprendre> overcome completely tresqu'en - preposition; <tresqu', trusqu'> up to, until + preposition; <en> in, into, on, on top of trestout - reinforcing element; <tres> ... + adjective; oblique singular masculine <tot> all, every, completely trestut - reinforcing element; <tres> ... + adjective; oblique singular masculine <tot> all, every, completely trestute - reinforcing element; <tres> ... + adjective; nominative singular feminine <tot> all, every, completely Tristan - proper name; nominative singular <Tristan> Tristan tristeche - noun; oblique singular <tristece> sadness, horror trois - numeral; <trois> three trop - adverb; <trop> too much, extremely, excessively trouva - verb; third person singular preterite <trover> find troverent - verb; third person plural preterite <trover> find tu - personal pronoun; second person singular nominative <tu> you tuit - adjective; nominative plural masculine <tot> all, every, completely tun - possessive; second person singular oblique singular masculine <ton> your turnat - verb; third person singular preterite <torner> turn, return turs - noun; oblique plural <tor> tower tut - adjective; oblique singular masculine <tot> all, every, completely tut - adverb; <tot> entirely tutes - adjective; nominative plural feminine <tot> all, every, completely tuz - adjective; oblique plural masculine <tot> all, every, completely u - interrogative adverb; <ou> where u - relative pronoun; <ou, u> where u - conjunction; <o, u> or un - indefinite article; oblique singular masculine <un> a unces nïent - adverb; <onques> once, ever + adverb; <nïent> not at all une - indefinite article; oblique singular feminine <un> a uns - indefinite article; nominative singular masculine <un> a unt - verb; third person plural present <avoir, aveir> have, be va - verb; third person singular present <aler> go va t'en - verb; second person singular imperative <aler> go + personal pronoun; second person singular direct object <tu> you + pronoun; inanimate <en> of it vaine - adjective; oblique singular feminine <vain> weak, empty vainne - adjective; oblique singular feminine <vain> weak, empty vait - verb; third person singular present <aler> go vas - verb; second person singular present <aler> go veer - verb; infinitive <veer> refuse, forbid veie - noun; oblique singular <veie> road veill - adjective; nominative plural masculine <vieil, veil> old veintre - verb; infinitive <veintre> vanquish, conquer, overcome veirement - adverb; <voirement> really veit - verb; third person singular present <veoir> see venir - verb; infinitive <venir> come, go venistes - verb; second person plural subjunctive imperfective <venir> come, go venue - noun; oblique singular <venue> arrival venuz - verb; perfective participle nominative singular masculine <venir> come, go verais - adjective; nominative singular masculine <verai> real, true verger - noun; oblique singular <vergier> orchard, garden vers - preposition; <vers> towards verte - adjective; oblique singular feminine <vert> green vertut - noun; oblique singular <vertu> might, power, strength veü - verb; perfective participle oblique singular masculine <veoir> see veus - verb; perfective participle oblique plural masculine <veoir> see veut - verb; third person singular present <voloir> want vialt - verb; third person singular present <voloir> want vieng - verb; first person singular present <venir> come, go viengne - verb; third person singular subjunctive present <venir> come, go vilain cas - adjective; oblique singular masculine <vilain> ugly, bad + noun; oblique singular <cas> fall, event, affair vin - noun; oblique singular <vin> wine vint - verb; third person singular preterite <venir> come, go virent - verb; third person plural preterite <veoir> see virge - noun; nominative singular <virge> virgin virginitét - noun; oblique singular <virginitét> spiritual purity, christian purity visiter - verb; infinitive <viseter> visit, observe vit - verb; third person singular preterite <veoir> see viut - verb; third person singular present <voloir> want .VIXX. - number; <.VIXX.> six times twenty, one hundred and twenty voel - verb; first person singular present <voloir> want voelt - verb; third person singular present <voloir> want voide - adjective; oblique singular feminine <vuit, vuide> empty voie - noun; oblique singular <veie> road voir - adverb; <voir> truly, indeed vois - verb; first person singular present <aler> go vois m'en - verb; first person singular present <aler> go + personal pronoun; first person singular direct object <jo, jou, jeu> I + pronoun; inanimate <en> of it voiz - noun; nominative singular <vois, voiz> noise, word, voice volat - verb; third person singular preterite <voler> fly voldrent - verb; third person plural pluperfect <voloir> want voldret - verb; third person singular pluperfect <voloir> want volez - verb; second person plural present <voloir> want volt - verb; third person singular present <voloir> want vos - personal pronoun; second person plural indirect object <vos> you vos - personal pronoun; second person plural direct object <vos> you vos - verb; first person singular preterite <voloir> want vos - personal pronoun; second person plural nominative <vos> you vostre - possessive; second person plural nominative singular masculine <vostre> your vostre - possessive; second person plural oblique singular masculine <vostre> your vostre - possessive; second person plural oblique singular feminine <vostre> your vous - personal pronoun; second person plural nominative <vos> you vous - personal pronoun; second person plural direct object <vos> you vous - personal pronoun; second person plural indirect object <vos> you voz - personal pronoun; second person plural nominative <vos> you vuel - verb; first person singular present <voloir> want .XV. - number; <.XV.> fifteen .XX. - number; <.XX.> twenty .XXX. - number; <.XXX.> thirty Yvains - proper name; nominative singular <Yvain> Yvain

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