Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: bhabhā   'bean'

Semantic Field(s): Bean


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Welsh: ffaen n bean CDC
Old English: bēan, biēn n.fem bean ASD/IEW
Middle English: ben(e) n bean CDC
English: Bamfurlong prop.n farm name in Tolkien: The Lord of the Rings LRC
bean n edible seed borne by legumes AHD/W7
favela n slum, shantytown AHD
phacoemulsification n cataract surgery via ultrasonic lens fragmentation AHD
West Germanic  
Dutch: boon n.fem bean CDC
Middle Low German: bone n bean CDC
Old High German: bōna, pōna n.fem bean ASD/W7
Middle High German: bōne n.fem bean CDC
German: Bohne n.fem bean CDC
North Germanic  
Old Norse: baun n.fem bean IEW
Icelandic: baun n bean CDC
Danish: bönne n.fem bean CDC
Swedish: böna n.fem bean CDC
Latin: faba n.fem bean CDC
Portuguese: fava n bean TLL
favela n.dim favela AHD
Spanish: haba n bean TLL
French: fève n bean TLL
Italian: fava n bean TLL
Old Prussian: babo n bean CDC
Old Church Slavonic: bobŭ n bean CDC
Russian: bobŭ n bean CDC


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
ASD=Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller: An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1898)
CDC=W.D. Whitney and B.E. Smith: The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia (1889-1911)
IEW=Julius Pokorny: Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (1959)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
TLL=Frederick Bodmer: The Loom of Language (1944)
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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