Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: 2. bhlei-   'to swell, burst, blow up'

Semantic Field(s): to Grow, to Blow


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Old English: blegen, blēgen n.fem blain, boil, blister ASD/W7
*blȳster n blister CDC
Middle English: blain, blane, blayn, bleyn, blein n blain CDC/W7
blister n blister W7
English: blain n inflammatory sore/swelling AHD/W7
blister n epidermal swelling containing watery liquid AHD/W7
West Germanic  
Middle Dutch: bl(u)yster n blister AHD/W7
Dutch: blaas n blister CDC
blein n.fem blain, blister ASD
Middle Low German: bleine n blain W7
Low German: bleien n blain CDC
German: Blase n.fem blister, bubble CDC
North Germanic  
Old Norse: blāstr n blister AHD
Danish: blegn n blain, blister ASD
Old French: blestre n blister AHD
blostre n.fem boil W7
Hesychius' Greek Lexicon: φλοιδέω, φλοιδιάω vb to seethe RPN
Greek: φλιδάω vb to be bursting with water RPN


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
ASD=Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller: An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1898)
CDC=W.D. Whitney and B.E. Smith: The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia (1889-1911)
RPN=Allan R. Bomhard: Reconstructing Proto-Nostratic (2002)
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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