PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes
Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.
Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.
All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.
Pokorny Etymon: 3. dhē-, dhə- 'to disappear, pass away'
|Old Irish:||ded-||vb||to dwindle||RPN|
|Old English:||demm||n||damage, injury, loss, misfortune||RPN|
|Middle English:||dasen||vb||to daze||IEW|
|English:||daze||vb||to stun, deaden, benumb||IEW|
|famine||n||enduring period of widespread hunger||LRC|
|famish||vb||to (cause to) starve, suffer from hunger||LRC|
|fatigue||vb||to tire, weary||W7|
|Old Icelandic:||dasaðr||adj||weary, exhausted (from cold/exertion)||RPN|
|dasast||vb||to become weary/exhausted||RPN|
|dási||adj||sluggard, lazy fellow||RPN|
|Swedish:||dasa||vb||to lie idle||RPN|
|fatīgo, fatīgare||vb||to fatigue||RPN|
Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:
Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):
|IEW||=||Julius Pokorny: Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (1959)|
|LRC||=||Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin|
|RPN||=||Allan R. Bomhard: Reconstructing Proto-Nostratic (2002)|
|TLL||=||Frederick Bodmer: The Loom of Language (1944)|
|W7||=||Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)|