Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: en(o)mn̥-, (o)nomn̥, nōmn̥   'name'

Semantic Field(s): Name


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Shelta: munik n name, moniker AHD
Old English: nama n.wk.masc name LRC
nemn(i)an, nemde, nemed vb.wk.I to name, call ASD
Middle English: misnoumer n misnomer W7
name n name W7
nominalle adj nominal W7
nowne n noun W7
pronom n pronoun W7
renown n renown W7
English: acronym n word formed by first letters of name AHD
agnomen n additional honorific cognomen AHD/W7
allonym n another name assumed by author AHD/W7
anonymous adj having/giving no name AHD/W7
antonomasia n substitution of title/epithet for name AHD
binomial n two mathematical terms connected by +/- sign AHD/W7
cognomen n surname AHD/W7
denominate vb.trans to designate, give name to AHD/W7
eponym n person for whom thing is (supposedly) named AHD/W7
eponymous adj re: eponym AHD
euonymus n evergreen shrub/vine/small tree of staff tree family AHD/W7
homonymous adj ambiguous, having same name AHD/W7
ignominy n deep personal disgrace/humiliation AHD/W7
matronymic, metronymic adj/n (re:) maternal ancestor's name AHD
metonymy n figure of speech: use of one thing's name for another AHD/W7
misnomer n misnaming of person in legal document AHD/W7
moni(c)ker personal name/nickname AHD
name n distinctive designation of person/thing AHD/W7
Nameless prop.n a.k.a. Sauron in Tolkien: The Lord of the Rings LRC
nominal adj re: word/expression taking noun construction AHD/W7
nominate vb.trans to name, designate AHD/W7
noun n word referring to person/place/thing AHD/W7
onomastic adj re: name(s) AHD/W7
-onym n.sfx name, word AHD/W7
paronomasia n pun, play on words AHD/W7
paronymous adj conjugate AHD/W7
patronymic adj/n (re:) paternal ancestor's name AHD/W7
praenomen n first name (usu. of three) of ancient Roman AHD/W7
pronoun n short word used as substitute for noun AHD/W7
pseudonym n fictitious name AHD/W7
renown n fame, being widely acclaimed/highly honored AHD/W7
synonym n word having same/similar meaning LRC
synonymous adj having same/similar meaning AHD
West Germanic  
Old Frisian: noma n name ASD
Dutch: naam n name LRC
Old Saxon: namo n name ASD
nemnian vb to name, call ASD
Old High German: namo n name W7
nemnian vb to name, call ASD
German: Name n.masc name LRC
Nomen n.neut noun LRC
Pronomen n.neut pronoun LRC
North Germanic  
Old Norse: nafn n.neut name LRC
Icelandic: nafn n name ASD
nefna vb to name, call ASD
Danish: navn n name LRC
Swedish: namn n name LRC
East Germanic  
Gothic: namnjan vb to name, call ASD
namō n.wk.neut name LRC
Latin: agnomen n.neut additional honorific name W7
agnosco, agnoscere, agnōvi, agnītum vb to recognize, know again AHD/CLD
antonomasia n antonomasia AHD
binominis adj having two names W7
cognomen n.neut nickname W7
denomino, denominare, denominavi, denominatus vb to name W7
euonymos n.fem spindle tree W7
homonymus adj having the same name W7
ignominia n.fem ignominy W7
ignoro, ignorāre vb to be ignorant of, ignore W7
metonymia n.fem metonymy W7
nomen, nominis n.neut name, repute LRC
nominalis adj of a name W7
nōmino, nōminare, nōnināvī, nōminātus vb to name W7
paronomasia n.fem paronomasia W7
praenomen, praenominis n.neut first name W7
pronomen, pronominis n.neut pronoun W7
Late Latin: anōnymus adj anonymous AHD
patronymicum n.neut patronymic, name of father W7
patronymicus adj patronymic W7
Medieval Latin: binomium n.neut binome, having two names W7
binomius adj having two names W7
nominalis adj nominal, in name W7
New Latin: binomium n.neut binomial W7
euonymus adj well-named W7
Old French: nom n.masc noun, name W7
nomer vb to name W7
renomer vb to celebrate W7
renon n.masc glory, renown W7
Anglo-French: noun n.masc name, noun W7
Middle French: ignominie n.fem ignominy W7
mesnommer vb to misname W7
nommer vb to name W7
French: allonyme adj allonym, bearing another name W7
-onyme n.sfx name W7
pseudonyme n.masc pseudonym, false name W7
Old Church Slavonic: imę n.neut name LRC
Greek: antonomazein vb to name instead AHD
anōnymos adj without a name W7
ἐπωνυμία n.fem name, designation LRC
epōnymos adj eponymous W7
euōnymos adj having an auspicious name W7
metōnymia n.fem metonymy W7
homōnymos adj having the same name W7
ὄνομα n.neut name LRC
ὀνομάζειν vb to speak of by name; to name LRC
ὀνομασία n.fem language LRC
onomastikos adj of names W7
paronomazein vb to call with a slight change of name, to derive W7
paronomasia n.fem paronomasia, making of words by slight change, derivation W7
parōnymos n.neut paronymous W7
patronymia n.fem patronymic W7
patronymikos adj patronymic W7
pseudōnymos adj bearing a false name W7
-ōnymia sfx name W7
-ōnymos sfx name W7
Classical Armenian: anun n name LRC


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
I=class 1
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)
neut=neuter (gender)
wk=weak (inflection)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
ASD=Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller: An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1898)
CLD=Cassell's Latin Dictionary (1959, rev. 1968)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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