Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: eno-, possibly e-no- : ono- : no- : -ne-   'that'

Semantic Field(s): Far (adj)


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Old English: geon dem.pron that one GED
West Germanic  
Old Frisian: jen dem.pron that one GED
Middle Dutch: gene dem.pron that one GED
Middle Low German: jene dem.pron that one GED
Old High German: enēr, jenēr dem.pron that one GED
Middle High German: geinir dem.pron that one GED
German: jener dem.pron that one LRC
North Germanic  
Old Norse: inn, enn the LRC
East Germanic  
Gothic: jains, jai- dem.pron/adj that one GED
Umbrian: enom conj then GED
Latin: enim conj for, indeed, then LRC
nam conj for LRC
Lithuanian: anàs, anà pron that LRC
añs dem.pron that one GED
jìs he GED
jõ he GED
Old Church Slavonic: onъ dem.pron that one GED
Greek: ἔνη adv day after tomorrow, third (yonder) day GED
Hittite: eni dem.adj the latter GED
Classical Armenian: na pron he, she, it LRC
-n def.sfx the, that (over there) LRC
Armenian: ain dem.pron that one GED
so-in dem.adj the same GED
Avestan: ana through this GED
Sanskrit: anáyā, anéna through this GED


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
inst=instrumental (case)
masc=masculine (gender)
sg=singular (number)
3=3rd person

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
GED=Winfred P. Lehmann: A Gothic Etymological Dictionary (1986)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin

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