Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: 2. lē(i)-   'to grant/acquire possession'

Semantic Field(s): to Give, to Take


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Old English: unlǣd adj poor, wicked W7/ASD
Middle English: idolatrer n idolater W7
larceny n larceny W7
-latrie n.sfx -latry W7
English: idolater n idol worshiper AHD/W7
larceny n theft, unlawfully taking/carrying away personal property AHD/W7
-latry n.sfx worship AHD/W7
East Germanic  
Gothic: un-lēds adj poor ASD
Latin: latro, latronis n.masc thief, mercenary soldier W7
latrocinium n.neut robbery W7
Late Latin: idololatres pagans, idolaters W7
-latria n.sfx adoration W7
Old French: -latrie n.sfx worship W7
Middle French: idolâtre adj re: idolater W7
larcin n.masc larceny W7
Greek: eidōlolatrēs n.masc idolater W7
eidōlon n.neut image, portrait W7
λατρεία n.fem service, servitude LRC
λατρεύω vb to serve LRC
λάτρον n.neut pay, hire LRC


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)
neut=neuter (gender)
pl=plural (number)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
ASD=Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller: An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1898)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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