Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: 2. mē-, m-e-t-   'to mow, reap'

Semantic Field(s): to Mow, Reap


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Old English: mǣd, mǣdwe n.fem mead, meadow ASD/W7
mǣð n.neut math ASD/IEW
māwan vb to mow W7
Middle English: mede n mead W7
medwe n meadow W7
mowen vb to mow W7
English: aftermath n rowen, unplowed stubble field, 2nd-growth crop AHD/W7
math n.obs mowing, mowed (hay) crop OED
mead n meadow AHD/W7
meadow n land (predominantly) in grass AHD/W7
mow vb to cut down with scythe/sickle/machine AHD/W7
West Germanic  
Old High German: mād n math ASD
māen vb to mow W7
Middle High German: māt n math ASD
German: Mähd n.fem math, swath ASD
Mähde n mead ASD
mähen vb to mow LRC
Matte n.fem meadow LRC
Swiss German: Mähd n.neut Alpine pasture ASD
North Germanic  
Old Swedish: maþ n math; meadow IEW
Latin: metō, metere vb to mow, reap W7
Greek: amaw vb to mow, reap, harvest W7


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
neut=neuter (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
ASD=Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller: An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1898)
IEW=Julius Pokorny: Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (1959)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
OED=James A.H. Murray et al: The Oxford English Dictionary (1933)
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

Nearby etymon:    previous   |   next

  • Linguistics Research Center

    University of Texas at Austin
    PCL 5.556
    Mailcode S5490
    Austin, Texas 78712

  • For comments and inquiries, or to report issues, please contact the Web Master at