Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: nas-   'nose'

Semantic Field(s): Nose


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Old English: nasu, n(e)osu n.fem nose ASD/W7
Middle English: nose n nose W7
noselen vb to bring nose toward ground W7
English: narc, nark n police narcotics agent AHD
naris n nostril, opening of vertebrate nose/nasal cavity AHD/W7
nark n stool pigeon, police informer AHD/W7
nasal n nosepiece of helmet AHD/W7
nose n part of face bearing nostrils leading to nasal cavity AHD/W7
nuzzle vb to rub/push against gently (as if) with nose/snout AHD
pince-nez n eyeglasses clipped to nose by spring AHD/W7
West Germanic  
Old Frisian: nose n nose ASD
Dutch: neus n nose TLL
Old High German: nasa n nose W7
German: Nase n.fem nose LRC
North Germanic  
Old Norse: nōs n nose LRC
Icelandic: nös n nose ASD
Danish: naese n nose TLL
Swedish: näsa n nose TLL
Latin: naris n.fem nose, nostrils W7
nasus n.masc nose W7
Old French: nasal adj of the nose W7
nes n.masc nose W7
Middle French: nasal adj of the nose W7
French: nez n.masc nose W7
pince-nez n.masc pince-nez, lit. pinch-nose W7
Old Prussian: nozy n nose LRC
Lithuanian: nósis n nose LRC
Latvian: nãsis n nose LRC
Old Church Slavonic: nosŭ n nose LRC
Russian: nós n nose LRC
Avestan: nāh- n nose LRC
Vedic: nāsā n.du (two) nostrils LRC
Sanskrit: nás n nose LRC
Romani: nak n nose, nark W7


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
du=dual (number)
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
ASD=Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller: An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1898)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
TLL=Frederick Bodmer: The Loom of Language (1944)
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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