PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes
Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.
Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.
All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.
Pokorny Etymon: nēik- : nīk- : nik- 'to rail, fight, assault'
Semantic Field(s): to Fight
|Nicholas||prop.n||4th century Christian saint||LRC|
|nickel||n||hard malleable ductile metal||LRC|
|Nicodemus||prop.n||character (Pharisee) in New Testament||LRC|
|Nike||prop.n||goddess of victory (Greek mythology)||LRC|
|νικάω||n||to conquer, prevail||LRC|
|Νίκη||prop.n.fem||Nike, lit. victory||LRC|
|Νικόδημος||prop.n.masc||Nicodemus, lit. victor over the people||LRC|
|Νικόλαος||n||Nicholas, lit. people's victory||LRC|
Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:
Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):
|LRC||=||Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin|
|SAO||=||Swedish Academy: Svenska Akademiens Ordbok (2011)|