Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: 1. od-   'to smell'

Semantic Field(s): to Smell (subj), to Smell (obj)


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Middle English: odour n odor W7
redolent adj redolent W7
English: anosmia n loss/impairment of sense of smell AHD/W7
cacodyl n arsenical radical (compounds noted for vile smell/poisonous properties) AHD/W7
collodion n viscous solution of pyrozylin AHD/W7
geode n stone nodule having cavity lined with crystals/mineral matter AHD/W7
odor n scent, quality that stimulates olfactory sense AHD/W7
olfactory adj re: sense of smell AHD/W7
osmatic adj depending (for orientation) on sense of smell AHD/W7
osmeterium n caterpillar's glandular sac of ill-smelling substance AHD
osmium n hard brittle blue-gray/black polyvalent metal AHD/W7
ozone n allotropic triatomic oxygen AHD/W7
ozostomia n halitosis, foul-smelling breath AHD
parosmia n distortion of sense of smell AHD
phyllode n flat expanded petiole AHD/W7
redolent adj aromatic, exuding fragrance AHD/W7
British English: odour n odor LRC
West Germanic  
German: Ozon n.neut ozone W7
Latin: geodes n.masc a gem W7
odor n.masc smell, odor W7
oleo, olēre vb to smell W7
olfacio, olfacere, olfeci, olfactus vb to smell W7
olfactorius adj of smell W7
redoleo, redolēre vb to emit a scent W7
New Latin: anosmia n.fem loss of sense of smell W7
collodium n.neut viscous solution W7
osmium n.neut metallic element W7
phyllodium n.neut phyllode W7
Middle French: redolent adj redolent, aromatic W7
French: odeur n.fem smell, odor W7
Doric: ὄσδω vb to smell LS
Homeric Greek: ὀδμή n.fem smell, scent, odor LS
Attic: ὀσμή n.fem smell, scent, odor LS
Greek: geōdēs adj earthlike W7
kakōdēs adj ill-smelling W7
kollōdēs adj glutinous W7
ὀζό-στομος adj with ozostomia LS
ὄζω vb to smell W7
ozōn vb.ptc smelling W7
osmē n odor AHD
phyllōdēs adj like a leaf W7
-ōdēs afx smelling (of); characterized by W7


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)
neut=neuter (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
LS=Liddell and Scott: Greek-English Lexicon, 7th-9th ed's (1882-1940), rev.
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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