Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: seik-   'to spill, pour out'

Semantic Field(s): to Pour


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
English: desiccate vb to (cause to) dry up AHD/W7
exsiccate vb.trans to dry, remove moisture from AHD/W7
sack n dry white wine (from southern Europe) AHD/W7
secco n art/result of dry plaster painting AHD/W7
siccative n drier AHD/W7
West Germanic  
Old High German: sīhan vb to filter W7
German: seihen vb to filter LRC
Latin: desico, desiccāre vb to desiccate W7
exsicco, exsiccare vb to exsiccate W7
siccatus vb.ptc dried W7
siccō, siccāre vb to dry, make dry W7
siccus adj dry W7
Late Latin: siccativus adj making dry W7
Middle French: sec adj dry W7
Italian: secco adj dry W7
Homeric Greek: ἰκμάς n.fem moisture LRC


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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