Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: 1. sel-   'salon, dwelling place'

Semantic Field(s): Room, House


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Old English: seld n.neut seat, throne; hall, mansion, palace ASD
sele, sæl, sel n.masc/neut hall, house, dwelling LRC
English: entresol n mezzanine AHD/W7
Meduseld prop.n Mark palace in Tolkien: The Lord of the Rings LRC
salon n apartment, living room AHD/W7
saloon n salon AHD/W7
solifluction n soil creep over frozen ground AHD
West Germanic  
Old Saxon: seli n.masc hall, house, dwelling ASD
seliða, selda n seat, throne; hall, mansion ASD
Old High German: sal n hall W7
selida n.fem hall, house, mansion, residence ASD
seli-hūs n lit. dwelling-house ASD
German: Saal n.masc hall LRC
Salon n.masc salon LRC
North Germanic  
Old Norse: salr n.masc hall; ground; [pl.] complex dwelling LRC
Icelandic: salr n hall ASD
East Germanic  
Gothic: salithwa n.fem mansion, chamber ASD
saljan vb to dwell, abide LRC
French: entresol n entresol W7
salon n.masc lounge, salon W7
Italian: sala n.fem hall, (dining) room AHD
salone n.masc hall, salon, (assembly) room W7
Lithuanian: sala n.fem island; village W7


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)
neut=neuter (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
ASD=Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller: An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1898)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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