Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: 2. stel-, stelə-   'to dilate, broaden, stretch out; broad'

Semantic Field(s): Wide, Broad, to Stretch


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Middle English: dilaten vb to dilate W7
latitude n latitude W7
English: dilate vb to widen, broaden AHD/W7
lame n lamina, thin plate of metal AHD/W7
lamella n thin flat scale/part AHD/W7
lateral adj/n (re:) side, flank W7
laterally adv sideways LRC
latitude n width, side-to-side extent/distance AHD/W7
omelet n eggs beaten/cooked with other ingredients AHD/W7
Latin: dīlāto, dīlātare vb to dilate, spread wide W7
lamella n.fem.dim small blade, little plate W7
lamina n.fem blade, thin plate W7
laterālis adj lateral W7
latitudo, latitudinis n.fem width, breadth W7
Latium, Latii prop.n.neut Latium LRC
lātus, lāta, lātum adj wide, broad ELD
latus, latēris n.neut lateral ELD
New Latin: lamella n.fem lamella W7
Portuguese: lado n lateral TLL
Spanish: lado n lateral TLL
Middle French: alumelle n.fem knife blade W7
dilater vb to dilate W7
lame n.fem blade, wave W7
French: omelette n.fem omelet W7
Armenian: layn adj wide HH/W7


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
neut=neuter (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
ELD=Charlton T. Lewis: An Elementary Latin Dictionary (1999)
HH=Heinrich Hübschmann: Armenische Grammatik (1897)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
TLL=Frederick Bodmer: The Loom of Language (1944)
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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