Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: 2. tel-, telə-, telu-   'flat (board, ground)'

Semantic Field(s): Flat


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Old English: þel(l) n.neut deal, plank, plate, thin piece of wood/metal ASD
þille n.fem thill, board, plank, beam; flooring W2I/ASD
Middle English: thille n thill W7
title n title W7
English: tellurian n apparatus to illustrate rotation of earth AHD/W7
telluric adj terrestrial, re: earth AHD
tellurion n apparatus showing motions of earth AHD
tellurium n brittle silvery-white semi-metallic element AHD/W7
thill n shaft of vehicle W7
title n inscription AHD/W7
British English: deal n board of fir/pine AHD/W7
West Germanic  
Middle Dutch: dele n deal, plank, floor W2I
Dutch: deel n deal, plank, floor W2I
Middle Low German: dele n deal, plank W7
Old High German: dili, dilla n deal, plank W2I
German: Diele n.fem deal, plank LRC
North Germanic  
Old Norse: þel n floor, board KNW
þili n plank, wainscot W2I
þilja n plank, thwart, planking W2I
þǫll n young spruce KNW
Swedish: tall n fir, pine SAO
Latin: tabula, tabulae n.fem tablet LRC
tellus, telluris n.fem earth W7
titulus n.masc title W7
New Latin: tellurium n.neut semi-metallic element W7
Old French: title n.masc title W7


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)
neut=neuter (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
ASD=Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller: An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1898)
KNW=Gerhard Köbler: Altnordisches Wörterbuch, 2nd ed. (2003)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
SAO=Swedish Academy: Svenska Akademiens Ordbok (2011)
W2I=Webster's New International Dictionary of the English Language, 2nd ed. (1959)
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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