Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: tolk-   'to speak'

Semantic Field(s): to Speak, Talk

 

Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
English  
Middle English: elocucioun n elocution W7
locucioun n locution W7
English: allocution n address AHD/W7
circumlocution n unnecessarily many words AHD/W7
colloquium n conference AHD/W7
colloquy n conversation AHD/W7
elocution n effective public speaking AHD/W7
grandiloquence n bombast, lofty/pompous eloquence AHD/W7
interlocution n conversation, interchange of speech AHD/W7
locution n peculiar/particular form of phrasing/expression AHD/W7
loquacious adj garrulous, given to excessive talking AHD/W7
obloquy n strongly condemnatory language/utterance AHD/W7
prolocutor n spokesman, one speaking for another AHD/W7
soliloquy n act of talking to self AHD/W7
ventriloquism n vocalism appearing to come from source other than speaker AHD/W7
Italic  
Latin: allocutio, allocutionis n.fem speech W7
allocutus vb.ptc spoken W7
alloquor, alloquī vb.dep to address, speak to W7
circumlocutio n.fem corollary to speech, avoidance of main subject W7
colloquium n.neut conversation W7
colloquor, colloquī vb.dep to converse W7
elocutio, elocutionis n.fem elocution W7
elocutus vb.ptc having spoken W7
eloquentia, eloquentiae n.fem eloquence LRC
eloquor, eloquī vb.dep to speak out W7
grandiloquus adj using lofty language W7
interlocutio, interlocutionis n.fem interruption of person speaking W7
interlocutus vb.ptc interrupted when speaking W7
interloquor, interloquī vb.dep to interrupt, speak between W7
locutio, locutionis n.fem speech W7
locutor n.masc speaker W7
locutus vb.ptc spoken W7
loquax, loquacis adj talkative W7
loquor, loquī, locutus vb.dep to speak LRC
prolocutor n.masc orator W7
Late Latin: obloquium n.neut speech against (someone/something) W7
obloquor, obloquī vb.dep to speak against W7
soliloquium n.neut soliloquy W7
ventriloquus n.masc ventriloquist W7
Middle French: grandiloquence n.fem grandiloquence W7

 

Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
adj=adjective
dep=deponent
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)
n=noun
neut=neuter (gender)
ptc=participle
vb=verb

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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