PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes
Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.
Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.
All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.
Pokorny Etymon: u̯eg- 'to bind, weave'
|Middle English:||revelen||vb||to reveal||W7|
|English:||reveal||vb.trans||to make known via divine inspiration||AHD/W7|
|veil||n||cloth worn by woman to cover head/face/shoulders||AHD/W7|
|velarium||n||awning over ancient Roman theater/amphitheater||AHD/W7|
|velum||n||membrane likened to veil/curtain||AHD/W7|
|vexillum||n||square flag of ancient Roman cavalry||AHD/W7|
|voile||n||fine soft sheer fabric used for curtains/summer clothing||AHD/W7|
|Latin:||revelo, revelāre||vb||to reveal, uncover||W7|
|velamen, velaminis||n.neut||cover, clothing||LRC|
|vēlō, velāre, velāvī, velātum||vb||to veil, cover||LRC|
|Old North French:||veile||n.masc||veil||W7|
|voile||n.fem||veil, voile; sail||W7|
Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:
Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):
|AHD||=||Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)|
|LRC||=||Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin|
|TLL||=||Frederick Bodmer: The Loom of Language (1944)|
|W7||=||Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)|