Baltic Online

Latvian: English Meaning Index

This English Index lists, in alphabetical order, seemingly significant words used in the "general meaning" glosses of Base Forms underlying one or more surface (word) forms in lesson texts. For each English word, base forms having that word in their general meanings are shown, along with links to every usage, in every numbered lesson, of the associated surface forms. With this index, one may click on any link to perform a quick "usage look-up," and thereby study how surface forms in texts are constructed from base forms sharing a general English meaning word. In order to reduce clutter in this index, certain high-frequency English "function" words are ignored unless there are no "content" words in the meaning.

This index was created by software, not by human hand, using lesson materials authored with very few constraints on the expression of "meaning" other than it being in English. Selecting significant words from free-form text via software is a notoriously difficult task. For example, while most meanings in these lessons are expressed as "glosses," some or parts may be comments directed toward the human reader, who is expected to discern the difference. Computer software cannot yet make such subtle linguistic distinctions, so all words in a meaning are treated alike. With few exceptions, then, all words are indexed. The results are neither produced nor presented with any claims to superior linguistic sensitivity, but at least the full meaning texts are shown for your inspection and judgment. Modest effort was invested in tuning the software to ignore [apparently] superfluous, high-frequency words (e.g., the preposition "of") that, in the presence of [apparently] more important words, contribute little or no useful information to an index; unfortunately this may result in some words, in some contexts, being unfairly omitted.




ABANDON : <atstāt, atstāju, atstāju> leave, depart, abandon -- ABLE : <jaudāt, jaudāju, jaudāju> be able, can -- ABOUT : <ap> around, by, near, about -- ACT : <rīkoties, rīkojos, rīkojos> to busy one's self, act, behave -- AFTER : <tad> then, after that -- AGE : <vecums> age -- ALL : <aizvien> all the time, the whole time -- ALL : <arvien> all the time, the whole time -- ALL : <gandrīz> almost, nearly, all but -- ALL : <viss> all -- ALL : <viss> all, everything -- ALMOST : <gandrīz> almost, nearly, all but -- ALONE : <viens> one, alone -- AMONG : <starp> between, among -- ANCESTOR : <sencis> ancestor -- AND : <un> and -- ANYONE : <kāda> someone, anyone -- APPROACH : <tuvoties, tuvojos, tuvojos> approach -- APPROACH : <tuvoties, tuvojos, tuvojos> to approach -- AROUND : <ap> around, by, near, about -- AROUND : <kustēties, kustos, kustējos> to move around, work -- ASK : <izklausīt, izklausu, izklausīju> to inquire, ask -- AWFUL : <šausmīgs> terrible, horrible, awful -- BABBLE : <muldēt, muldu, muldēju> to babble, rave -- BE : <būt, esmu, biju> to be -- BECAUSE : <jo> because -- BECAUSE : <tāpēc> therefore, because -- BECOME : <palikt, palieku, paliku> remain, become -- BEE : <bite> bee -- BEGIN : <sākt, sāku, sāku> begin -- BEHAVE : <rīkoties, rīkojos, rīkojos> to busy one's self, act, behave -- BELT : <siksna> belt -- BENEATH : <zem> under, beneath -- BETHLEHEM : <Bethlehem> Bethlehem -- BETWEEN : <starp> between, among -- BIG : <liels> big -- BIRKENBAUMS : <Birkenbaums> Birkenbaums -- BITE : <kodīt,kodu, kodīju> bite repeatedly -- BLEACH : <balināt, balinu, balināju> to bleach -- BLINK : <pamirkšķināt, pamirkšķinu, pamirkšķināju> blink -- BODY : <miesa> flesh, body -- BORN : <dzimt, dzimstu, dzimu> to be born -- BORN : <piedzimt, piedzimstu, piedzimu> to be born -- BUSY : <rīkoties, rīkojos, rīkojos> to busy one's self, act, behave -- BUT : <bet> but, yet, however -- BUT : <gandrīz> almost, nearly, all but -- BY : <ap> around, by, near, about -- BY : <garām> past, by -- BY : <pamazām> gradually, little by little -- CALM : <apmierināt, apmierinu, apmierināju> to satisfy, calm down -- CAN : <jaudāt, jaudāju, jaudāju> be able, can -- CARVED : <izmaukt, izmaucu, izmaucu> hollowed out, carved from -- CHARLIE : <Kārlēns> Charlie -- CHARM : <apvārdot, apvārdoju, apvārdoju> to charm -- CHIEF : <augsts> high, chief -- CHILD : <bērns> child -- CHRIST : <Kristus> Christ -- CHURCH : <baznīca> church -- CLOUD : <mākonītis> little cloud -- COARSE : <pakula> coarse linen -- COAT : <kažoks> fur coat -- COLLAR : <atloks> collar -- COME : <nākt, nāku, nācu> to come -- COUNTRY : <zeme> land, country -- COVER : <apsegt, apsedzu, apsedzu> to cover -- COW : <gotiņa> little cow -- DECREASE : <dilt, dilstu, dilu> decrease, wane, dwindle -- DEPART : <atstāt, atstāju, atstāju> leave, depart, abandon -- DEPARTING : <laišanās> departing -- DESCEND : <nolaisties, nolaižos, nolaidos> to descend -- DISAPPEAR : <nozust, nozūdu, nozudu> to disappear -- DISPOSAL : <rīcība> at someone's disposal -- DO : <padarīt, padaru, padaŗiju> to do, make -- DOWN : <apmierināt, apmierinu, apmierināju> to satisfy, calm down -- DOWN : <atšļūkt, atšļūcu, atšļūcu> to slip down -- DOWN : <nogāzties, nogāžos, nogāzos> to tumble down -- DRY : <izžāvēt, izžāvēju, izžāvēju> dry out -- DRY : <kaltēt, kaltēju, kaltēju> to dry -- DWINDLE : <dilt, dilstu, dilu> decrease, wane, dwindle -- EACH : <katrs> each, every -- EAST : <austrums> east -- EMBRACE : <apkampt, apkampju, apkampu> to embrace -- EQUAL : <līdzīgs> similar, equal to -- EQUALLY : <vienlīdzīgi> equally -- EVEN : <pat> even -- EVERY : <katrs> each, every -- EVERYBODY : <visi> everybody, everyone -- EVERYONE : <visi> everybody, everyone -- EVERYTHING : <viss> all, everything -- EYE : <acs> eye -- EYEBROW : <uzacs> eyebrow -- FACE : <ģīmis> face -- FACE : <seja> face -- FAMILY : <saime> family -- FIGURE : <stāvs> stature, figure, frame -- FISHERMAN : <zvejnieks> fisherman -- FLAG : <plaga> flag -- FLASH : <zibināt, zibinu, zibināju> to flash -- FLEE : <aizbēgt, aizbēgu, aizbēgu> to flee -- FLESH : <miesa> flesh, body -- FOOT : <kāja> foot -- FOR : <uz> on, for -- FRAME : <stāvs> stature, figure, frame -- FRIGHTENED : <izsabijāties, izsabijājos, izsabijājos> to be frightened -- FROM : <no> from -- FUR : <kažoks> fur coat -- GAZE : <skatīties, skatos, skatījos> look at, gaze,stare -- GIRD : <apjozt, apjožu, apjozu> to gird (round) -- GO : <palaist, palaižu, palaidu> to let go, release -- GOD : <dievins> God -- GOD : <dievs> god -- GOOD : <labs> good -- GOVERNOR : <valdnieks> governor, leader -- GRADUALLY : <pamazām> gradually, little by little -- GRANDFATHER : <vectēvs> grandfather -- GRINTALS : <Grīntāls> Grintals -- HAND : <roka> hand -- HE : <viņš> he -- HEAR : <dzirdēt, dzirdu, dzirdēju> to hear -- HEAVEN : <debess> heaven, sky -- HEROD : <Herods> Herod -- HIGH : <augsts> high, chief -- HIMSELF : <pats> himself -- HIS : <sava> his -- HIS : <savs> his -- HOLDER : <turētājs> holder -- HOLLOWED : <izmaukt, izmaucu, izmaucu> hollowed out, carved from -- HORRIBLE : <šausmīgs> terrible, horrible, awful -- HOSE : <šļīcene> hose -- HOWEVER : <bet> but, yet, however -- HUMAN : <cilvēks> person, human being -- IF : <ja> if -- IN : <iekš> in -- INCREASINGLY : <vairāk> more, increasingly -- INQUIRE : <izklausīt, izklausu, izklausīju> to inquire, ask -- INSTRUMENT : <kokle> kokle, traditional music instrument -- INVITE : <saaicināt, saaicinu, saaicināju> to invite -- ISRAEL : <Israēlis> Israel -- JERUSALEM : <Jeruzāleme> Jerusalem -- JESUS : <Jēzus> Jesus -- JEW : <jūds> Jew -- JUDAH : <Jūds> Judah -- JUNE : <jūnijs> June -- KING : <ķēniņš> king -- KOKLE : <kokle> kokle, traditional music instrument -- LADDER : <trepītes> step ladder -- LAND : <zeme> land, country -- LARGE : <liels> large -- LATVIAN : <latvietis> Latvian -- LAUGH : <smieties, smejos, smējos> to laugh -- LEAD : <valdīt, valdu, valdīju> to lead, rule -- LEADER : <valdnieks> governor, leader -- LEAVE : <aizbraukt, aizbraucu, aizbraucu> to leave -- LEAVE : <atstāt, atstāju, atstāju> leave, depart, abandon -- LET : <palaist, palaižu, palaidu> to let go, release -- LIKE : <kā> as, like -- LIKE : <patikt, patīku, patiku> to like -- LINDEN : <liepa> linden tree -- LINEN : <pakula> coarse linen -- LITTLE : <gotiņa> little cow -- LITTLE : <maza> little -- LITTLE : <mākonītis> little cloud -- LITTLE : <pamazām> gradually, little by little -- LITTLE : <stabiņš> little pillar -- LONG : <ilgi> long, for a long time -- LONGISH : <garens> longish -- LOOK : <skatīties, skatos, skatījos> look at, gaze,stare -- LOOK : <skatīties, skatos, skatījos> to look, stare -- LOOK : <skats> look, sight, view -- LORD : <kungs> lord, master -- LOVE : <mīlēt, mīlu, mīlēju> love -- MAKE : <padarīt, padaru, padaŗiju> to do, make -- MAKE : <taisīt, taisu, taisīju> to make -- MAN : <gudrais> wise man -- MASTER : <kungs> lord, master -- MAYBE : <varbūt> perhaps, maybe, possibly -- MONTH : <mēnesis> month -- MORE : <vairāk> more, increasingly -- MOVE : <kustēties, kustos, kustējos> move -- MOVE : <kustēties, kustos, kustējos> to move around, work -- MUSIC : <kokle> kokle, traditional music instrument -- MY : <mans> my -- NAME : <vārds> word, name -- NEAR : <ap> around, by, near, about -- NEARLY : <gandrīz> almost, nearly, all but -- NEEDY : <nabags> poor, needy -- NEW : <jauna> young, new -- NIGHT : <nakts> night -- NO : <neviena> nobody, no one, not a single -- NOBODY : <neviena> nobody, no one, not a single -- NOT : <ne> not -- NOT : <neviena> nobody, no one, not a single -- OLD : <vecais> the old -- OLD : <vecs> old -- ON : <uz> on, for -- ONE : <neviena> nobody, no one, not a single -- ONE : <rīkoties, rīkojos, rīkojos> to busy one's self, act, behave -- ONE : <runāties, runājos, runājos> to talk to one's self -- ONE : <sava> one's -- ONE : <taisīties, taisos, taisījos> to prepare one's self -- ONE : <viens> one, alone -- OPEN : <vaļā> open -- OR : <vai> or -- OVER : <pār> over -- PAST : <garām> past, by -- PASTOR : <mācītājs> pastor -- PEOPLE : <ļaudis> people -- PERHAPS : <varbūt> perhaps, maybe, possibly -- PERIOD : <laiks> time, period -- PERSON : <cilvēks> person, human being -- PILLAR : <stabiņš> little pillar -- PINE : <priedīte> pine -- PLACE : <vieta> place -- POLE : <kārts> pole -- POOR : <nabags> poor, needy -- POSSIBLY : <varbūt> perhaps, maybe, possibly -- PREPARE : <taisīties, taisos, taisījos> to prepare one's self -- PRIEST : <priesteris> priest -- PROPHET : <pravietis> prophet -- RAVE : <muldēt, muldu, muldēju> to babble, rave -- RED : <sarkanais> the red -- RELEASE : <laist, laižu, laidu> to release -- RELEASE : <palaist, palaižu, palaidu> to let go, release -- REMAIN : <palikt, palieku, paliku> remain, become -- REPEATEDLY : <kodīt,kodu, kodīju> bite repeatedly -- ROUND : <apjozt, apjožu, apjozu> to gird (round) -- RULE : <valdīt, valdu, valdīju> to lead, rule -- SATISFY : <apmierināt, apmierinu, apmierināju> to satisfy, calm down -- SAY : <sacīt, saku, sacīju> to say -- SEE : <redzēt, redzu, redzēju> to see -- SELF : <rīkoties, rīkojos, rīkojos> to busy one's self, act, behave -- SELF : <runāties, runājos, runājos> to talk to one's self -- SELF : <taisīties, taisos, taisījos> to prepare one's self -- SERVE : <apkalpot, apkalpoju, apkalpoju> serve -- SET : <mesties, metos, metos> set in -- SET : <uzlaist, uzlaižu, uzlaidu> to set on -- SHADOW : <ēna> shadow -- SHIRT : <krekls> shirt -- SIGHT : <skats> look, sight, view -- SIMILAR : <līdzināt, līdzinu, līdzināju> to be similar to -- SIMILAR : <līdzīgs> similar, equal to -- SINGLE : <neviena> nobody, no one, not a single -- SINK : <nogrimt, nogrimu, nogrimu> to sink -- SKRASTINS : <Skrastiņš> Skrastins -- SKY : <debess> heaven, sky -- SLED : <ragavas> sled, sleigh -- SLEEVE : <piedurkne> sleeve -- SLEIGH : <ragavas> sled, sleigh -- SLIP : <atšļūkt, atšļūcu, atšļūcu> to slip down -- SLOW : <lēni> slow -- SMOKE : <dūlāgs> smoke stick -- SMOKE : <dūms> smoke -- SO : <tā> so, thus -- SOMEONE : <kāda> someone, anyone -- SOMEONE : <rīcība> at someone's disposal -- SONOROUS : <skanīga> sonorous -- SPIRIT : <garš> spirit -- STAND : <stāvēt, stāvu, stāvēju> to stand -- STAR : <zvaigzne> star -- STARE : <skatīties, skatos, skatījos> look at, gaze,stare -- STARE : <skatīties, skatos, skatījos> to look, stare -- STATURE : <stāvs> stature, figure, frame -- STEAMBOAT : <tvaikonis> steamboat -- STEP : <pakāpties, pakāpjos, pakāpos> to step up -- STEP : <trepītes> step ladder -- STICK : <dūlāgs> smoke stick -- STIFF : <stīvs> stiff -- STILL : <vēl> still, yet -- SUCCUMB : <padoties, padodos, padevos> surrender, succumb -- SUMMIT : <galotne> top, summit -- SUN : <saule> sun, sunlight, sunshine -- SUNLIGHT : <saule> sun, sunlight, sunshine -- SUNSHINE : <saule> sun, sunlight, sunshine -- SURRENDER : <padoties, padodos, padevos> surrender, succumb -- SWARMING : <spietošana> swarming -- TALK : <runāties, runājos, runājos> to talk to one's self -- TERRIBLE : <šausmīgs> terrible, horrible, awful -- TEXT : <raksts> text, writing -- THAT : <ka> that -- THAT : <kas> that -- THAT : <tad> then, after that -- THAT : <tas, tā> that -- THEN : <tad> then, after that -- THERE : <tur> there -- THEREFORE : <tāpēc> therefore, because -- THICK : <bieza> thick -- THROUGH : <caur> through -- THUS : <tā> so, thus -- TIGHTLY : <cieti> tightly -- TIME : <aizvien> all the time, the whole time -- TIME : <arvien> all the time, the whole time -- TIME : <ilgi> long, for a long time -- TIME : <laiks> time -- TIME : <laiks> time, period -- TO : <būt, esmu, biju> to be -- TOGETHER : <ar> with, together, and -- TOP : <galotne> top, summit -- TRADITIONAL : <kokle> kokle, traditional music instrument -- TRAMPLE : <mīdīt, mīdu, mīdīju> to tread, trample -- TREAD : <mīdīt, mīdu, mīdīju> to tread, trample -- TREE : <koks> tree, wood -- TREE : <liepa> linden tree -- TROUSERS : <bikses> trousers -- TUMBLE : <nogāzties, nogāžos, nogāzos> to tumble down -- UNDER : <zem> under, beneath -- UNDERSTAND : <saprast, saprotu, sapratu> to understand -- UP : <pakāpties, pakāpjos, pakāpos> to step up -- UPON : <uz> on, upon -- VIEW : <skats> look, sight, view -- WANE : <dilt, dilstu, dilu> decrease, wane, dwindle -- WANT : <gribēt, gribu, gribēju> to want -- WATER : <ūdens> water -- WHEN : <kad> when -- WHERE : <kur> where -- WHICH : <kas> which -- WHITE : <balti> white -- WHITE : <balts> white -- WHOLE : <aizvien> all the time, the whole time -- WHOLE : <arvien> all the time, the whole time -- WISE : <gudrais> wise man -- WOOD : <koks> tree, wood -- WORD : <vārds> word, name -- WORK : <kustēties, kustos, kustējos> to move around, work -- WORSHIP : <pielūgt, pielūdzu, pielūdzu> to worship -- WRITE : <rakstīt, rakstu, rakstīju> to write -- WRITING : <raksts> text, writing -- YEAR : <gads> year -- YET : <bet> but, yet, however -- YET : <vēl> still, yet -- YOU : <tu> you -- YOUNG : <jauna> young, new -- ZALGA : <Zaļga> Zalga --