Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: 2. kei-   'to stow, gather, pile up'

Semantic Field(s): to Gather, Collect


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Middle English: poesie n poesy W7
poet n poet W7
English: mythopoeic adj re: making of myths AHD
onomatopoeia n naming by vocal imitation of associated sound AHD/W7
pharmacopoeia n book describing drugs/chemicals/medicinal preparations AHD/W7
poem n composition in verse AHD/W7
poesy n poem, body of poems AHD/W7
poet n one who writes poetry AHD/W7
poetic adj re: poetry AHD
poetry n poems, verse, metrical writing W7
-poiesis n.sfx production, formation AHD/W7
-poietic adj productive, formative AHD/W7
prosopopoeia n figure of speech with absent/imaginary person represented as acting/speaking AHD/W7
West Germanic  
German: Poesie n.fem poesy, poetry LRC
Poet n.masc poet LRC
Latin: poema n.neut poem W7
poesis n.fem poetry W7
poeta n.masc poet W7
Late Latin: onomatopoeia n.fem onomatopoeia W7
New Latin: pharmacopoeia n.fem stock/collection of standard drugs W7
-poiesis sfx action, creation W7
Old French: poete n.masc poet W7
Middle French: poeme n.masc poem W7
poésie n.fem poetry W7
Old Church Slavonic: činiti vb to arrange RPN
Greek: εἰρηνοποιός adj peacemaker LRC
onomatopoiia n.fem creation of names W7
ποιέω vb to make, do LRC
poiēma n.neut poem, made-up thing W7
poiēsis n.fem creation W7
poiētēs n.masc maker, poet W7
poiētikos adj of creation W7
Late Greek: pharmakopoiia n.fem preparation of drugs W7
Sanskrit: kāya n body W7
cáyati vb to arrange, heap up, gather RPN
citrakāya n tiger W7
cinóti vb to arrange, heap up, gather RPN
Gujarati: caṇvũ vb to build, make, erect RPN
ciṇvũ, cuṇvũ vb to fold into long strips RPN
Marathi: ċuṇṇē vb to fold, pile up in orderly way RPN
Panjabi: ciṇṇā vb to arrange, pile up RPN
cuṇṇā vb to plait, build up in layers RPN


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)
neut=neuter (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
RPN=Allan R. Bomhard: Reconstructing Proto-Nostratic (2002)
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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