Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: óu̯i-s   'ewe, sheep'

Semantic Field(s): Ewe, Sheep


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Old Irish: oi n sheep LRC
Old English: Ä“owu n.fem ewe ASD/W7
Middle English: ewe n ewe W7
English: ewe n female sheep AHD/W7
ovine adj re: sheep AHD/W7
West Germanic  
Frisian: ei(j) n.neut ewe ASD
Dutch: ooi n.fem ewe-lamb ASD
Old High German: awi, owi, au n.fem ewe ASD
Middle High German: owe n.fem ewe ASD
German: Aue n.fem ewe LRC
Swiss German: au(w), ow n.fem ewe ASD
East Germanic  
Gothic: aweþi n.neut herd of sheep ASD
awi n ewe, sheep LRC
awistr n.neut sheepfold ASD
Latin: ovis n.fem ewe W7
Late Latin: ovinus adj ovine W7
Old Prussian: awins n ram LRC
Lithuanian: avìs n sheep, ram LRC
Latvian: àuns n ram LRC
Old Church Slavonic: ovica, ovinu n sheep, ram LRC
Homeric Greek: ὄ(Ϝ)ις n sheep LRC
Greek: οἶς n.masc/fem sheep, ram/ewe LRC
Luwian: hawi- n sheep LRC
Armenian: hoviw n shepherd, herder LRC
Sanskrit: ávi- n sheep LRC


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)
neut=neuter (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
ASD=Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller: An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1898)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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