Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Pokorny Etymon: 1. ōus- : əus-   'os, mouth'

Semantic Field(s): Mouth


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Old English: ōra n.masc brass, border; Danish coin ASD/W7
Middle English: ussher n usher W7
English: Auriga prop.n winter constellation of northern sky LRC
inosculate vb to blend, unite by contact/apposition AHD/W7
oral adj spoken, uttered by mouth/in words AHD/W7
orinasal adj pronounced with oral/nasal passages open AHD
orotund adj pompous, bombastic, self-satisfied AHD
os n mouth, orifice AHD/W7
oscillate vb.intrans to vibrate, swing back and forth like pendulum AHD/W7
oscitancy n act of gaping/yawning AHD
osculate vb.trans to kiss AHD/W7
osculum n mouthlike opening in sponge AHD
ostiary n doorkeeper AHD/W7
ostium n mouthlike entrance/other opening AHD/W7
peroral adj occurring via mouth AHD/W7
usher n officer/servant at door of court/hall/chamber AHD/W7
Latin: Auriga n.masc the Charioteer W7
ora, orae n.fem mouth, coast, border, boundary LRC
ōs, ōris n.neut mouth, face LRC
oscillo, oscillare, oscillavi, oscillatus vb to swing, oscillate W7
oscillum n.neut swing W7
osculor, osculari, osculatus vb.dep to kiss, osculate W7
osculum n.neut kiss W7
ostiarius n.masc doorkeeper W7
ostium, ostii n.neut mouth, door, entrance LRC
ustium n.neut door, mouth of river W7
Vulgar Latin: ustiarius n.masc doorkeeper W7
New Latin: ostium n.neut mouth-like opening W7
Middle French: ussier n.masc doorkeeper W7
Old Church Slavonic: ustiti, uštǫ, ustiši vb to exhort LRC


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)
neut=neuter (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
ASD=Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller: An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1898)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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