Gothic Online

Gothic: English Meaning Index

This English Index lists, in alphabetical order, seemingly significant words used in the "general meaning" glosses of Base Forms underlying one or more surface (word) forms in lesson texts. For each English word, base forms having that word in their general meanings are shown, along with links to every usage, in every numbered lesson, of the associated surface forms. With this index, one may click on any link to perform a quick "usage look-up," and thereby study how surface forms in texts are constructed from base forms sharing a general English meaning word. In order to reduce clutter in this index, certain high-frequency English "function" words are ignored unless there are no "content" words in the meaning.

This index was created by software, not by human hand, using lesson materials authored with very few constraints on the expression of "meaning" other than it being in English. Selecting significant words from free-form text via software is a notoriously difficult task. For example, while most meanings in these lessons are expressed as "glosses," some or parts may be comments directed toward the human reader, who is expected to discern the difference. Computer software cannot yet make such subtle linguistic distinctions, so all words in a meaning are treated alike. With few exceptions, then, all words are indexed. The results are neither produced nor presented with any claims to superior linguistic sensitivity, but at least the full meaning texts are shown for your inspection and judgment. Modest effort was invested in tuning the software to ignore [apparently] superfluous, high-frequency words (e.g., the preposition "of") that, in the presence of [apparently] more important words, contribute little or no useful information to an index; unfortunately this may result in some words, in some contexts, being unfairly omitted.




ABIDE : <gabeidan> to abide, to await -- ABLE : <magan> to be able -- ABOUT : <bi> by, about; concerning; around, against; according to, on account of; for; at; after; near -- ABOUT : <swē> like, as, just as; so that; about -- ABOVE : <ufar> over, above, beyond -- ABOVE : <ufarō> above, upon, over -- ACCORDING : <afar> after, according to -- ACCORDING : <bi> by, about; concerning; around, against; according to, on account of; for; at; after; near -- ACCOUNT : <bi> by, about; concerning; around, against; according to, on account of; for; at; after; near -- ACCOUNT : <duþē> therefore, because, besides, on that account -- ACCOUNT : <fram> from, by, since, on account of -- ACCOUNT : <in> into, towards; on account of; in, among, by -- ACCOUNT : <wiþra> against, over against; by, near; to, in reply to, in return for; on account of, for -- ACCOUNT : <þaírh> through; by, by means of; on account of -- ACQUAINTANCE : <kunþs> known, acquaintance -- ACT : <áiwiskōn> to act unseemly -- ADVANTAGE : <bōta> advantage -- AFRAID : <*ōgan> to fear, to be afraid -- AFRAID : <faurhtjan> to fear, to be afraid -- AFRAID : <ōgan> to be afraid -- AFTER : <afar> after, according to -- AFTER : <afarsabbatus> day after the Sabbath, Sunday -- AFTER : <bi> by, about; concerning; around, against; according to, on account of; for; at; after; near -- AFTER : <biþē> while, when, after that, as soon as; then, thereupon -- AFTERWARDS : <þaþrōh> afterwards, thence -- AGAIN : <aftra> back, again -- AGAINST : <ana> in, on, upon, at, over; to, into; against -- AGAINST : <bi> by, about; concerning; around, against; according to, on account of; for; at; after; near -- AGAINST : <du> to, towards; against; in -- AGAINST : <gastangqjan> to dash against -- AGAINST : <wiþra> against, over against; by, near; to, in reply to, in return for; on account of, for -- AGE : <áiws> time, lifetime, age, eternity -- ALL : <all> all, every -- ALL : <alls> all, every -- ALMS : <armahaírtiþa> charity, alms -- ALMS : <armaiō> pity, alms -- ALONE : <áins> alone, only -- ALONE : <sundrō> alone, apart -- ALREADY : <ju> now, already -- ALSO : <áuk> for, because; but, also -- ALSO : <jah> and, also -- ALTHOUGH : <jabái> if, even if, although -- ALWAYS : <áinshun> (always with negative) (no) one, (n)one -- ALWAYS : <mannahun> (always with negative) (no) one, (n)one -- AMAZED : <usgeisnan> to be amazed, astonished -- AMAZEMENT : <usfilmei> amazement -- AMEN : <amēn> amen, truly -- AMONG : <in> into, towards; on account of; in, among, by -- AMONG : <miþ> with, among, together with, through, by, near -- ANDREW : <Andraías> Andrew -- ANGEL : <aggilus> angel, messenger -- ANNOINT : <gasalbōn> annoint -- ANOTHER : <anþar> other, another; second -- ANOTHER : <missō> reciprocally, the one the other, one to another -- ANSWER : <andawaúrdi> answer -- ANSWER : <andhafjan> to answer -- ANY : <ƕan> at any time -- APART : <sundrō> alone, apart -- APPEAR : <atáugjan> to show, to appear -- APPROACH : <anaqiman> to approach -- ARISE : <urreisan> to arise -- ARMY : <harjis> army, host -- AROUND : <bi> by, about; concerning; around, against; according to, on account of; for; at; after; near -- AROUND : <biskeinan> to shine around -- ARRIVE : <qiman> to come, arrive -- ASK : <bidjan> to ask, to pray -- ASK : <fraíhnan> to ask, question -- ASK : <sōkjan> to seek, ask -- ASSEMBLY : <gaqumþs> assembly, synagogue -- ASTONISHED : <usgeisnan> to be amazed, astonished -- ATTACHED : <-u> (interrogative particle, attached enclitically to first word of its clause) -- AUGUSTUS : <Agustus> Augustus -- AUTHORITY : <waldufni> authority -- AWAIT : <gabeidan> to abide, to await -- AWAKE : <þaírhwakan> to stay awake -- AWAY : <aflagjan> to put away -- AWAY : <afwalwjan> to roll away -- AWAY : <fragifts> a giving away, espousal -- BACK : <aftra> back, again -- BACK : <gawandjan> to bring back, return -- BAD : <ubils> bad, evil -- BARLEY : <barizeins> of barley -- BASKET : <táinjō> basket -- BE : <wisan> to be -- BEAR : <baíran> to bear, to carry -- BEAR : <ufhaban> to hold up, to bear up -- BEAR : <weitwōdjan> to bear witness, to testify -- BEAR : <þulan> to endure, to bear -- BECAUSE : <áuk> for, because; but, also -- BECAUSE : <duþē> therefore, because, besides, on that account -- BECAUSE : <untē> for, because, since, until -- BECAUSE : <þatei> that, because, if -- BECOME : <waírþan> to become, to happen -- BEFORE : <faurbigaggan> to go before -- BEFORE : <faúr> for, before, by -- BEFORE : <faúra> before, for -- BEFORE : <faúrþizei> before -- BEFOREHAND : <faúrþis> first, beforehand -- BEGIN : <duginnan> to begin -- BEHOLD : <sái> lo, behold -- BELIEF : <galáubeins> faith, belief -- BELIEVE : <galáubjan> to believe -- BELOVED : <liufs> dear, beloved -- BESIDES : <duþē> therefore, because, besides, on that account -- BETHLEHEM : <Bēþlahaím> Bethlehem -- BEYOND : <ufar> over, above, beyond -- BIRD : <fugls> bird, fowl -- BLOW : <haúrnjan> to blow a horn -- BODY : <leik> body, flesh -- BORN : <aírþeins> earthly, born of the earth -- BOY : <magula> little boy -- BOY : <magus> boy, son -- BREAD : <hláifs> bread, loaf -- BREAK : <gataíran> to destroy, to break -- BRIGHTNESS : <baírhtei> brightness -- BRING : <briggan> to bring -- BRING : <gabaíran> to bring forth -- BRING : <gatiuhan> to lead, to bring -- BRING : <gawandjan> to bring back, return -- BROTHER : <brōþar> brother -- BURN : <gabrannjan> to burn -- BUT : <-uh> but, and, now, therefore -- BUT : <ak> but, however -- BUT : <akei> but, yet, still, nevertheless -- BUT : <áuk> for, because; but, also -- BUT : <iþ> but, however, if -- BUT : <þan> when, as (long as); then, at that time; but, and, however -- BUT : <þaruh> therefore, but, and; there; now -- BUY : <bugjan> to buy -- BUY : <usbugjan> to buy -- BY : <at> at, by, to, with, of -- BY : <bi> by, about; concerning; around, against; according to, on account of; for; at; after; near -- BY : <faúr> for, before, by -- BY : <fram> from, by, since, on account of -- BY : <in> into, towards; on account of; in, among, by -- BY : <miþ> with, among, together with, through, by, near -- BY : <wiþra> against, over against; by, near; to, in reply to, in return for; on account of, for -- BY : <þaírh> through; by, by means of; on account of -- CAESAR : <káisar> Caesar -- CALL : <háitan> to call -- CARRY : <baíran> to bear, to carry -- CASE : <þáu> then, in that case -- CAST : <uswaírpan> to cast out, to reject -- CAST : <waírpan> to throw, to cast -- CEASE : <gaƕeilan> to cease -- CHAMBER : <hēþjō> room, chamber -- CHARITY : <armahaírtiþa> charity, alms -- CHARITY : <friaþwa> love, charity -- CHILD : <barn> child -- CHILD : <inkilþō> with child -- CHILDISH : <barniskei> childish thing -- CHILDISH : <niuklahs> young, childish -- CHOKE : <afƕapjan> to choke -- CHRIST : <Xristus> Christ -- CITY : <baúrgs> city, town -- CLANG : <klismjan> to clang -- CLAUSE : <-u> (interrogative particle, attached enclitically to first word of its clause) -- CLOSE : <galūkan> to shut, to close -- CLOTHE : <biwáibjan> to clothe, to wrap -- CLOUD : <milhma> cloud -- COIN : <skatts> coin, denarius -- COME : <atgaggan> to come, go -- COME : <gaggan> to come, go -- COME : <qiman> to come, arrive -- COME : <urrinnan> to rise, come from, go forth -- COMMAND : <anabiudan> to command, order -- COMPANION : <gasinþja> companion, company -- COMPANY : <gasinþja> companion, company -- COMPLETE : <ustiuhan> to lead out; to complete -- CONCERNING : <bi> by, about; concerning; around, against; according to, on account of; for; at; after; near -- CONSIDER : <mitōn> to think, consider -- CORNER : <waíhsta> corner -- COUNTRY : <land> land, country -- CROWD : <managei> crowd, multitude -- CRUCIFY : <ushramjan> to crucify -- CUSTOM : <biūhti> custom -- CYMBAL : <klismō> cymbal -- CYRENIUS : <Kwreinaíus> Cyrenius -- DAILY : <sinteins> daily -- DARE : <anananþjan> to dare -- DASH : <gastangqjan> to dash against -- DAVID : <Daweid> David -- DAY : <afarsabbatus> day after the Sabbath, Sunday -- DAY : <dags> day -- DEAD : <dáuþs> dead -- DEAR : <liufs> dear, beloved -- DEBT : <skula> owing, in debt, guilty; (weak subst.) debtor -- DEBTOR : <skula> owing, in debt, guilty; (weak subst.) debtor -- DECREE : <gagrēfts> decree -- DEEP : <diups> deep -- DELIVER : <atgiban> to give, deliver -- DELIVER : <láusjan> to free, to deliver -- DENARIUS : <skatts> coin, denarius -- DEPART : <afstandan> to stand off, to depart -- DESERT : <áuþida> desert, wasteland -- DESIGN : <garēhsns> time, determination, design, plan -- DESIGNATE : <*insakan> to designate, to put forth -- DESPISE : <frakunnan> to despise -- DESTROY : <gataíran> to destroy, to break -- DESTROYED : <gataúrnan> to vanish, to be destroyed -- DETERMINATION : <garēhsns> time, determination, design, plan -- DEVIL : <diabaúlus> devil -- DEVOUR : <fraitan> to devour -- DISCIPLE : <sipōneis> disciple -- DIVIDE : <gadáiljan> to divide -- DO : <gatáujan> to do, make -- DO : <taujan> to do -- DO : <táujan> to do, to make -- DOCTRINE : <láiseins> doctrine, teaching -- DOOR : <haúrds> door -- DOORWAY : <daúr> doorway -- DOWN : <anafilhan> to transmit, to hand down -- DOWN : <anakumbjan> to recline, to sit down -- DOWN : <dalaþ> down -- DURING : <miþþanei> while, during, when -- EACH : <ƕarjizuh> each, every -- EACH : <ƕazuh> each, every -- EAR : <áusō> ear -- EARLY : <áir> soon, early -- EARTH : <aírþa> earth -- EARTH : <aírþeins> earthly, born of the earth -- EARTH : <midjungards> earth, world -- EARTHLY : <aírþeins> earthly, born of the earth -- EAT : <matjan> to eat -- ELIAS : <Hēlias> Elias -- ELSE : <aíþþáu> or, else -- ELSE : <áiþþáu> or, else -- ENCLITICALLY : <-u> (interrogative particle, attached enclitically to first word of its clause) -- ENDURE : <þulan> to endure, to bear -- ENOUGH : <ganōhs> enough -- ENROLL : <anamēljan> to enroll -- ENROLL : <gamēljan> to write, enroll -- ENROLL : <mēljan> to register, to enroll -- ENVY : <aljanōn> to envy -- ESPOUSAL : <fragifts> a giving away, espousal -- ETERNITY : <áiws> time, lifetime, age, eternity -- EVEN : <jabái> if, even if, although -- EVEN : <þáuhjabái> even though -- EVERY : <all> all, every -- EVERY : <alls> all, every -- EVERY : <ƕarjizuh> each, every -- EVERY : <ƕazuh> each, every -- EVIL : <ubils> bad, evil -- EVIL : <unhulþō> unclean spirit, evil spirit -- EXALT : <háuhjan> to exalt, to glorify -- EXCEPT : <alja> than, except, unless, save; except -- EXCEPT : <nibái (niba)> unless, except -- EXCESSIVELY : <abraba> strongly, excessively, very, very much -- EXPECT : <wenjan> to hope, to expect -- EXPOSE : <gatarhjan> to expose, to make public -- EYE : <áugō> eye -- FACE : <andwaírþi> face, presence -- FAIL : <gadriusan> to fall, fail -- FAITH : <galáubeins> faith, belief -- FALL : <gadriusan> to fall, fail -- FAMILY : <fadreins> family, lineage -- FAR : <faírra> far from -- FAST : <gafastan> to keep, hold fast -- FATHER : <atta> father -- FAVOR : <ansts> grace, favor -- FEAR : <*ōgan> to fear, to be afraid -- FEAR : <agis> fear -- FEAR : <faurhtjan> to fear, to be afraid -- FEAST : <dulþs> feast -- FEM. : <hleiduma> left; (fem. subst.) left hand, left side -- FEM. : <taíhswa> right; (fem. subst.) right hand, right side -- FIGHT : <háifsts> fight, strife -- FILL : <gafulljan> to fill -- FIND : <bigitan> to find, meet -- FIRST : <-u> (interrogative particle, attached enclitically to first word of its clause) -- FIRST : <faúrþis> first, beforehand -- FIRST : <fruma> former, first -- FIRST-BORN : <frumabaúr> first-born -- FISH : <fisks> fish -- FIVE : <fimf> five -- FLEE : <gaþliuhan> to flee -- FLESH : <leik> body, flesh -- FOLLOW : <láistjan> to follow -- FOOD : <fraatjan> to give as food -- FOOT : <fōtus> foot -- FORGIVE : <aflētan> to leave, to forgive -- FORMER : <fruma> former, first -- FORMERLY : <suman> once, formerly; in part -- FORTH : <*insakan> to designate, to put forth -- FORTH : <gabaíran> to bring forth -- FORTH : <urrinnan> to rise, come from, go forth -- FORTY : <fidwōr tigjus> forty -- FOWL : <fugls> bird, fowl -- FRAGMENT : <gabruka> fragment -- FREE : <láusjan> to free, to deliver -- FRIGHTEN : <usagjan> to frighten, to terrify -- FROM : <af> from, of -- FROM : <us> out, out of, from -- FRUIT : <akran> fruit -- FULFILLED : <usfullnan> to be fulfilled -- FULL : <fulls> full -- FULLER : <wullareis> one who whitens wool, fuller -- FURTHER : <þanaseiþs> further, still -- GABLE : <gibla> gable, pinnacle -- GALILEAN : <Galeilaius> Galilean -- GALILEE : <Galeilaia> Galilee -- GARMENT : <*wasti> garment -- GARMENT : <wasti> garment -- GATHER : <galisan> to gather -- GENTILES : <þiuda> people; (pl.) heathens, Gentiles -- GIVE : <atgiban> to give, deliver -- GIVE : <awiliudōn> to give thanks -- GIVE : <fraatjan> to give as food -- GIVE : <giban> to give, yield -- GIVE : <usgiban> to reward, to give out -- GIVING : <fragifts> a giving away, espousal -- GLITTER : <glitmunjan> to glitter, to shine -- GLORIFY : <háuhjan> to exalt, to glorify -- GLORY : <wulþus> splendor, glory -- GO : <atgaggan> to come, go -- GO : <faurbigaggan> to go before -- GO : <gaggan> to come, go -- GO : <galeiþan> to go, travel -- GO : <urrinnan> to rise, come from, go forth -- GO : <usgaggan> to go out -- GO : <wratōn> to go, to journey -- GOD : <guþ> God -- GODLESS : <afguþs> godless, impious -- GOOD : <gōþs, gōds> good -- GOOD : <sēls> kind, good -- GOVERNOR : <kindins> governor -- GRACE : <ansts> grace, favor -- GRASS : <hawi> grass -- GRAVE : <hláiw> grave, tomb -- GREAT : <mikils> great -- GREATNESS : <mikilei> greatness -- GROW : <wahsjan> to grow, to increase -- GUIDE : <tiuhan> to lead, to guide -- GUILTY : <skula> owing, in debt, guilty; (weak subst.) debtor -- HALLOWED : <weihnan> to be hallowed -- HAND : <anafilhan> to transmit, to hand down -- HAND : <handus> hand -- HAND : <hleiduma> left; (fem. subst.) left hand, left side -- HAND : <inwisan> to be present, near at hand -- HAND : <taíhswa> right; (fem. subst.) right hand, right side -- HAPPEN : <waírþan> to become, to happen -- HAVE : <haban> to have -- HE : <is> he, she, it -- HE : <saei> who, he who, which -- HEAR : <andháusjan> to hear, to obey -- HEAR : <gaháusjan> to hear -- HEAR : <hausjan> to hear -- HEAR : <háusjan> to hear, listen -- HEART : <haírtō> heart -- HEATHENS : <þiuda> people; (pl.) heathens, Gentiles -- HEAVEN : <himins> heaven -- HEAVENLY : <himinakunds> heavenly -- HEED : <atsaíƕan> to observe, to take heed -- HERD : <haírda> herd -- HERDSMAN : <haírdeis> herdsman -- HERE : <her\> here -- HERE : <hēr> here -- HERSELF : <sik> himself, herself, oneself -- HIDDEN : <fulhsni> hidden thing, secret -- HIGH : <hauhs> high -- HIGH : <háuhs> high -- HIGHEST : <háuhisti> the highest -- HIMSELF : <sik> himself, herself, oneself -- HOLD : <gafastan> to keep, hold fast -- HOLD : <ufhaban> to hold up, to bear up -- HOLY : <weihs> holy -- HOPE : <wenjan> to hope, to expect -- HORN : <haúrnjan> to blow a horn -- HOST : <harjis> army, host -- HOUSE : <gards> house, household -- HOUSEHOLD : <gards> house, household -- HOW : <ƕáiwa> how, in what way -- HOWEVER : <ak> but, however -- HOWEVER : <iþ> but, however, if -- HOWEVER : <swēþáuh> indeed, however -- HOWEVER : <þan> when, as (long as); then, at that time; but, and, however -- HUNDRED : <hund> hundred -- HUNDRED : <taíhuntēhund> hundred -- HUNGRY : <grēdags> hungry -- HYPOCRITE : <liuta> hypocrite -- IF : <iþ> but, however, if -- IF : <jabái> if, even if, although -- IF : <jaþþē> and if, whether -- IF : <þatei> that, because, if -- IMAGE : <frisahts> image -- IMPIOUS : <afguþs> godless, impious -- INCREASE : <wahsjan> to grow, to increase -- INDEED : <raíhtis> indeed -- INDEED : <swēþáuh> indeed, however -- INJUSTICE : <inwindiþa> injustice -- INTERROGATIVE : <-u> (interrogative particle, attached enclitically to first word of its clause) -- INTO : <ana> in, on, upon, at, over; to, into; against -- INTO : <in> into, towards; on account of; in, among, by -- IT : <is> he, she, it -- IT : <ita> it -- ITS : <-u> (interrogative particle, attached enclitically to first word of its clause) -- JACOB : <Iakōb> Jacob, James -- JACOB : <Iakōbus> Jacob, James -- JAMES : <Iakōb> Jacob, James -- JAMES : <Iakōbus> Jacob, James -- JERUSALEM : <Iaírusalēm> Jerusalem -- JERUSALEM : <Iaírusaúlwma> Jerusalem -- JESUS : <Iēsus> Jesus -- JEW : <*Iudaieis> Jew -- JOHN : <Iōhannēs> John -- JORDAN : <*Iaúrdanus> Jordan -- JOSEPH : <Iōsēf> Joseph -- JOURNEY : <wigs> way, road, journey -- JOURNEY : <wratōn> to go, to journey -- JOY : <fahēds> joy -- JUDEA : <Iudaia> Judea -- JUST : <swaswē> as, just as; so as; so as to, so that -- JUST : <swē> like, as, just as; so that; about -- KEEP : <gafastan> to keep, hold fast -- KEEP : <witan> to keep watch, observe -- KIND : <sēls> kind, good -- KINGDOM : <þiudangardi> kingdom -- KINGDOM : <þiudinassus> kingdom -- KINSMAN : <ganiþjis> kinsman -- KNOW : <*witan> to know -- KNOW : <kunnan> to know -- KNOW : <ufkunnan> to know, to recognize -- KNOWLEDGE : <kunþi> knowledge -- KNOWN : <gakannjan> to make known -- KNOWN : <kunþs> known, acquaintance -- LAKE : <marei> sea, lake -- LAMENT : <qáinōn> to lament -- LAND : <land> land, country -- LAND : <staþs> place; land -- LANGUAGE : <razda> tongue, language -- LAY : <galagjan> to lay, put -- LEAD : <gatiuhan> to lead, to bring -- LEAD : <tiuhan> to lead, to guide -- LEAD : <ustiuhan> to lead out; to complete -- LEAVE : <aflētan> to leave, to forgive -- LEFT : <hleiduma> left; (fem. subst.) left hand, left side -- LEST : <ibái> lest, that not -- LIFETIME : <áiws> time, lifetime, age, eternity -- LIFT : <ushafjan> to lift up -- LIKE : <galeikōn> to be like -- LIKE : <samaleikō> in like manner, likewise -- LIKE : <swē> like, as, just as; so that; about -- LIKEWISE : <samaleikō> in like manner, likewise -- LINEAGE : <fadreins> family, lineage -- LISTEN : <háusjan> to hear, listen -- LITTLE : <leitils> little -- LITTLE : <magula> little boy -- LIVE : <liban> to live -- LO : <sái> lo, behold -- LOAF : <hláifs> bread, loaf -- LONG : <þan> when, as (long as); then, at that time; but, and, however -- LONG-SUFFERING : <usbeisneigs> long-suffering, patient -- LOOK : <insaíƕan> to look upon, regard -- LORD : <fráuja> lord, master -- LOST : <fraqistnan> to be lost, to perish -- LOVE : <friaþwa> love, charity -- LOVE : <frijōn> to love -- MAGDALENE : <Magdalēnē> Magdalene -- MAKE : <gabōtjan> to make useful, to restore -- MAKE : <gakannjan> to make known -- MAKE : <gatarhjan> to expose, to make public -- MAKE : <gatáujan> to do, make -- MAKE : <gawaúrkjan> to make -- MAKE : <táujan> to do, to make -- MAKE : <waúrkjan> to work, to make -- MAN : <juggaláuþs> young man -- MAN : <manna> man -- MAN : <waír> man -- MANGER : <uzēta> manger -- MANKIND : <manasēþs> mankind, the world -- MANNER : <samaleikō> in like manner, likewise -- MANY : <filu> much, many -- MANY : <filuwaúrdjan> to use many words, to be wordy -- MANY : <manag> much, many -- MANY : <managáim> much, many -- MANY : <manags> much, many -- MARCELLUS : <markaíllius> Marcellus -- MARVEL : <sildaleikjan> to wonder, to marvel -- MARY : <Maria> Mary -- MARY : <Marja> Mary -- MASTER : <fráuja> lord, master -- MASTER : <láisareis> teacher, master -- MASTER : <rabbei> rabbi, master, teacher -- MEANS : <þaírh> through; by, by means of; on account of -- MEET : <bigitan> to find, meet -- MESSENGER : <aggilus> angel, messenger -- MIDDLE : <midjis> middle -- MINE : <meins> my, mine -- MIRROR : <skuggwa> mirror -- MISDEED : <missadēþs> misdeed, sin -- MOMENT : <stiks> point, moment -- MORE : <haldis> rather, more -- MORNING : <maúrgins> morning -- MOSES : <Mōsēs> Moses -- MOTHER : <áiþei> mother -- MOUNT : <ufarsteigan> to spring up, to mount up -- MOUNTAIN : <faírguni> mountain -- MOVE : <miþsatjan> to move, to remove -- MUCH : <abraba> strongly, excessively, very, very much -- MUCH : <filu> much, many -- MUCH : <manag> much, many -- MUCH : <managáim> much, many -- MUCH : <manags> much, many -- MULTITUDE : <managei> crowd, multitude -- MY : <meins> my, mine -- MYSTERY : <rūna> mystery, secret -- NAME : <namō> name -- NAZARENE : <Nazaraíus> Nazarene, of Nazareth -- NAZARETH : <Nazaraíus> Nazarene, of Nazareth -- NAZARETH : <Nazaraíþ> Nazareth -- NEAR : <bi> by, about; concerning; around, against; according to, on account of; for; at; after; near -- NEAR : <inwisan> to be present, near at hand -- NEAR : <miþ> with, among, together with, through, by, near -- NEAR : <nēƕa> near -- NEAR : <wiþra> against, over against; by, near; to, in reply to, in return for; on account of, for -- NEED : <þaúrban> to need, to be in want -- NEGATIVE : <áinshun> (always with negative) (no) one, (n)one -- NEGATIVE : <mannahun> (always with negative) (no) one, (n)one -- NEVERTHELESS : <akei> but, yet, still, nevertheless -- NIGHT : <nahts> night -- NO : <áinshun> (always with negative) (no) one, (n)one -- NO : <mannahun> (always with negative) (no) one, (n)one -- NOT : <ibái> lest, that not -- NOT : <ni> not -- NOW : <-uh> but, and, now, therefore -- NOW : <ju> now, already -- NOW : <nu> now, therefore -- NOW : <þaruh> therefore, but, and; there; now -- NUMBER : <raþjō> number -- OBEDIENT : <ufháusjan> to obey, to be obedient -- OBEY : <andháusjan> to hear, to obey -- OBEY : <ufháusjan> to obey, to be obedient -- OBLIGED : <*skulan> to owe, be obliged -- OBSERVE : <atsaíƕan> to observe, to take heed -- OBSERVE : <gáumjan> to observe, perceive, see -- OBSERVE : <witan> to keep watch, observe -- OF : <af> from, of -- OF : <us> out, out of, from -- OFF : <afstandan> to stand off, to depart -- OLD : <twalibwintrus> twelve years old -- ONCE : <anaks> at once, suddenly -- ONCE : <suman> once, formerly; in part -- ONCE : <suns> at once, soon -- ONE : <*seins> one's own -- ONE : <áins> one -- ONE : <áins> one, some -- ONE : <áinshun> (always with negative) (no) one, (n)one -- ONE : <mannahun> (always with negative) (no) one, (n)one -- ONE : <missō> reciprocally, the one the other, one to another -- ONE : <seina> one's own -- ONE : <sums> some, one -- ONE : <wullareis> one who whitens wool, fuller -- ONESELF : <ganiman> to take to oneself, to take with oneself -- ONESELF : <sik> himself, herself, oneself -- ONLY : <áins> alone, only -- ONLY : <þatáinei> only -- ORDER : <anabiudan> to command, order -- OTHER : <anþar> other, another; second -- OTHER : <missō> reciprocally, the one the other, one to another -- OUR : <unsar> our, ours -- OURS : <unsar> our, ours -- OUT : <us> out, out of, from -- OVER : <ana> in, on, upon, at, over; to, into; against -- OVER : <ufar> over, above, beyond -- OVER : <ufarō> above, upon, over -- OVER : <wiþra> against, over against; by, near; to, in reply to, in return for; on account of, for -- OVER-SHADOW : <ufarskadwjan> to over-shadow -- OWE : <*skulan> to owe, be obliged -- OWING : <skula> owing, in debt, guilty; (weak subst.) debtor -- OWN : <*seins> one's own -- OWN : <seina> one's own -- PARABLE : <gajukō> parable -- PARENTS : <birusjōs> parents -- PART : <suman> once, formerly; in part -- PARTICLE : <-u> (interrogative particle, attached enclitically to first word of its clause) -- PARTICLE : <ei> that, so that; whether; (relative particle) -- PASSOVER : <paska> Passover -- PATIENT : <usbeisneigs> long-suffering, patient -- PEACE : <gawaírþi> peace -- PEOPLE : <þiuda> people; (pl.) heathens, Gentiles -- PERCEIVE : <gáumjan> to observe, perceive, see -- PERISH : <fraqistnan> to be lost, to perish -- PETER : <Paítrus> Peter -- PHILIP : <Filippus> Philip -- PIECE : <dráusna> piece -- PINNACLE : <gibla> gable, pinnacle -- PITY : <armaiō> pity, alms -- PLACE : <gasatjan> to set, to place -- PLACE : <staþs> place; land -- PLAN : <garēhsns> time, determination, design, plan -- POINT : <stiks> point, moment -- PORTION : <dáils> share, portion -- POSSESSION : <áihts> possession -- POWER : <mahts> power -- PRAISE : <hazjan> to praise -- PRAY : <bidjan> to ask, to pray -- PRESENCE : <andwaírþi> face, presence -- PRESENT : <inwisan> to be present, near at hand -- PRETENTIOUS : <fláutjan> be pretentious -- PROPHECY : <praúfētja> prophecy -- PROPHESY : <praúfētjan> to prophesy -- PROPHET : <praúfētus> prophet -- PROSPER : <þeihan> to thrive, to prosper -- PROVOKE : <ingramjan> to provoke -- PUBLIC : <gatarhjan> to expose, to make public -- PUFF : <ufblēsan> to puff up -- PUT : <*insakan> to designate, to put forth -- PUT : <aflagjan> to put away -- PUT : <galagjan> to lay, put -- QUESTION : <fraíhnan> to ask, question -- RABBI : <rabbei> rabbi, master, teacher -- RATHER : <haldis> rather, more -- REBUKE : <gasakan> to rebuke, to reprove -- RECEIVE : <andniman> to receive, to take -- RECEIVE : <niman> to take, receive -- RECIPROCALLY : <missō> reciprocally, the one the other, one to another -- RECLINE : <anakumbjan> to recline, to sit down -- RECOGNIZE : <ufkunnan> to know, to recognize -- REGARD : <insaíƕan> to look upon, regard -- REGISTER : <mēljan> to register, to enroll -- REJECT : <uswaírpan> to cast out, to reject -- REJOICE : <faginōn> to rejoice -- REJOICE : <miþfaginōn> to rejoice with -- RELATE : <spillōn> to tell, relate -- RELATIVE : <ei> that, so that; whether; (relative particle) -- REMAIN : <aflifnan> to remain -- REMOVE : <miþsatjan> to move, to remove -- REPLY : <wiþra> against, over against; by, near; to, in reply to, in return for; on account of, for -- REPROVE : <gasakan> to rebuke, to reprove -- RESTORE : <gabōtjan> to make useful, to restore -- RETURN : <gawandjan> to bring back, return -- RETURN : <wiþra> against, over against; by, near; to, in reply to, in return for; on account of, for -- REWARD : <láun> reward, wage -- REWARD : <mizdō> reward -- REWARD : <usgiban> to reward, to give out -- RIGHT : <taíhswa> right; (fem. subst.) right hand, right side -- RISE : <urrinnan> to rise, come from, go forth -- RISE : <usstandan> to stand up, rise -- ROAD : <wigs> way, road, journey -- ROLL : <afwalwjan> to roll away -- ROOM : <hēþjō> room, chamber -- ROOM : <rūms> room -- ROOT : <waúrts> root -- RULE : <raginōn> to rule -- SABBATH : <afarsabbatus> day after the Sabbath, Sunday -- SABBATH : <sabbatō> Sabbath -- SABBATH : <sabbatus> Sabbath -- SABELLIUS : <sabaíllius> Sabellius -- SALOME : <Salōmē> Salome -- SAME : <sama> same -- SATISFIED : <*sads> satisfied -- SATISFY : <fullafahjan> to satisfy, to serve -- SAVE : <alja> than, except, unless, save; except -- SAVE : <nasjan> to save -- SAY : <qiþan> to say, speak -- SCORCH : <ufbrinnan> to scorch -- SCRIBE : <bōkareis> scribe -- SEA : <marei> sea, lake -- SEASON : <mēl> time, season -- SECOND : <anþar> other, another; second -- SECRET : <fulhsni> hidden thing, secret -- SECRET : <rūna> mystery, secret -- SEE : <gasaíƕan> to see -- SEE : <gáumjan> to observe, perceive, see -- SEE : <saíƕan> to see -- SEED : <fráiw> seed -- SEEK : <sōkjan> to seek, ask -- SEEM : <þugkjan> to seem -- SEEM : <þungkjan> to seem -- SEIZE : <dissitan> to seize upon -- SELF : <silba> self -- SERVE : <fullafahjan> to satisfy, to serve -- SET : <gasatjan> to set, to place -- SEVEN : <sibun> seven -- SHARE : <dáils> share, portion -- SHE : <is> he, she, it -- SHINE : <biskeinan> to shine around -- SHINE : <glitmunjan> to glitter, to shine -- SHIP : <skip> ship -- SHOW : <atáugjan> to show, to appear -- SHUT : <galūkan> to shut, to close -- SICK : <siuks> sick -- SIDE : <hleiduma> left; (fem. subst.) left hand, left side -- SIDE : <taíhswa> right; (fem. subst.) right hand, right side -- SIGN : <táikns> sign, wonder -- SIMON : <Seimōn> Simon -- SIN : <frawaúrhts> sin -- SIN : <missadēþs> misdeed, sin -- SINCE : <fram> from, by, since, on account of -- SINCE : <untē> for, because, since, until -- SIT : <anakumbjan> to recline, to sit down -- SIT : <gasitan> to sit -- SIT : <sitan> to sit -- SIX : <saíhs> six -- SIXTY : <saíhs tigjus> sixty -- SIZE : <wahstus> size, stature -- SNOW : <snáiws> snow -- SO : <ei> that, so that; whether; (relative particle) -- SO : <swa> so, thus, as -- SO : <swaswē> as, just as; so as; so as to, so that -- SO : <swē> like, as, just as; so that; about -- SO : <þei> that, so that; as -- SOME : <áins> one, some -- SOME : <sums> some, one -- SON : <magus> boy, son -- SON : <sunus> son -- SOON : <áir> soon, early -- SOON : <biþē> while, when, after that, as soon as; then, thereupon -- SOON : <suns> at once, soon -- SOW : <saian> to sow -- SPEAK : <qiþan> to say, speak -- SPEAK : <rōdjan> to speak -- SPICES : <aromata> (pl.) spices -- SPIRIT : <ahmins> spirit, the Spirit -- SPIRIT : <unhulþō> unclean spirit, evil spirit -- SPLENDOR : <wulþus> splendor, glory -- SPRING : <ufarsteigan> to spring up, to mount up -- SQUARE : <*plapja> street, square -- STAND : <afstandan> to stand off, to depart -- STAND : <standan> to stand -- STAND : <usstandan> to stand up, rise -- STATURE : <wahstus> size, stature -- STAY : <gastandan> to stay -- STAY : <þaírhwakan> to stay awake -- STILL : <akei> but, yet, still, nevertheless -- STILL : <þanaseiþs> further, still -- STONE : <stáins> stone -- STONY : <stáinahs> stony -- STREET : <*plapja> street, square -- STREET : <garuns> street -- STRIFE : <háifsts> fight, strife -- STRONGLY : <abraba> strongly, excessively, very, very much -- SUCH : <swaleiks> such -- SUDDENLY : <anaks> at once, suddenly -- SUFFER : <winnan> to suffer -- SUN : <sunnō> sun -- SUNDAY : <afarsabbatus> day after the Sabbath, Sunday -- SUPPOSE : <hugjan> to think, to suppose -- SYNAGOGUE : <gaqumþs> assembly, synagogue -- SYRIA : <Swria> Syria -- SYRIAN : <Saúr> Syrian -- TABERNACLE : <*hlija> tent, tabernacle -- TAKE : <andniman> to receive, to take -- TAKE : <atsaíƕan> to observe, to take heed -- TAKE : <ganiman> to take to oneself, to take with oneself -- TAKE : <niman> to take, receive -- TAXATION : <gilstramēleins> taxation, taxing -- TAXING : <gilstramēleins> taxation, taxing -- TEACH : <láisjan> to teach -- TEACHER : <láisareis> teacher, master -- TEACHER : <rabbei> rabbi, master, teacher -- TEACHING : <láiseins> doctrine, teaching -- TELL : <gateihan> to tell -- TELL : <spillōn> to tell, relate -- TEMPLE : <alhs> temple -- TEMPT : <fráisan> to tempt -- TEMPTATION : <fráistubni> temptation -- TENT : <*hlija> tent, tabernacle -- TERRIFY : <usagjan> to frighten, to terrify -- TESTIFY : <weitwōdjan> to bear witness, to testify -- THAN : <alja> than, except, unless, save; except -- THANKS : <awiliudōn> to give thanks -- THAT : <biþē> while, when, after that, as soon as; then, thereupon -- THAT : <duþē> therefore, because, besides, on that account -- THAT : <ei> that, so that; whether; (relative particle) -- THAT : <ibái> lest, that not -- THAT : <jáins> that -- THAT : <sa, so, þata> this, that -- THAT : <swaswē> as, just as; so as; so as to, so that -- THAT : <swē> like, as, just as; so that; about -- THAT : <þan> when, as (long as); then, at that time; but, and, however -- THAT : <þata> this, that -- THAT : <þatei> that, because, if -- THAT : <þáu> then, in that case -- THAT : <þei> that, so that; as -- THE : <þata> the -- THEN : <biþē> while, when, after that, as soon as; then, thereupon -- THEN : <þan> then, when -- THEN : <þan> when, as (long as); then, at that time; but, and, however -- THEN : <þáu> then, in that case -- THENCE : <þaþrō> thence -- THENCE : <þaþrōh> afterwards, thence -- THERE : <jáinar> yonder, there -- THERE : <þar> there -- THERE : <þaruh> therefore, but, and; there; now -- THEREFORE : <-uh> but, and, now, therefore -- THEREFORE : <duþē> therefore, because, besides, on that account -- THEREFORE : <nu> now, therefore -- THEREFORE : <þaruh> therefore, but, and; there; now -- THEREUPON : <biþē> while, when, after that, as soon as; then, thereupon -- THINE : <þeins> thy, thine, your, yours -- THING : <barniskei> childish thing -- THING : <fulhsni> hidden thing, secret -- THING : <waíhts> thing -- THINK : <hugjan> to think, to suppose -- THINK : <mitōn> to think, consider -- THIRTY : <þreis tigjus> thirty -- THIS : <*his> this -- THIS : <sa, so, þata> this, that -- THIS : <þata> this, that -- THORN : <þaúrnus> thorn -- THOU : <þu> thou, you -- THOUGH : <þáuhjabái> even though -- THOUSAND : <þūsundi> thousand -- THREE : <*þreis> three -- THRIVE : <þeihan> to thrive, to prosper -- THROUGH : <miþ> with, among, together with, through, by, near -- THROUGH : <þaírh> through; by, by means of; on account of -- THROW : <waírpan> to throw, to cast -- THUS : <swa> so, thus, as -- THY : <þeins> thy, thine, your, yours -- TIBERIANS : <*Tibaíriadeis> Tiberians -- TIME : <áiws> time, lifetime, age, eternity -- TIME : <garēhsns> time, determination, design, plan -- TIME : <mēl> time, season -- TIME : <þan> when, as (long as); then, at that time; but, and, however -- TIME : <ƕan> at any time -- TO : <wisan> to be -- TOGETHER : <miþ> with, among, together with, through, by, near -- TOMB : <hláiw> grave, tomb -- TONGUE : <razda> tongue, language -- TOWARDS : <du> to, towards; against; in -- TOWARDS : <in> into, towards; on account of; in, among, by -- TOWN : <baúrgs> city, town -- TRANSFIGURE : <inmáidjan> to transfigure -- TRANSMIT : <anafilhan> to transmit, to hand down -- TRAVEL : <galeiþan> to go, travel -- TREMBLING : <reirō> trembling -- TRULY : <amēn> amen, truly -- TRUTH : <sunja> truth -- TWELVE : <twalibwintrus> twelve years old -- TWELVE : <twalif> twelve -- TWO : <twa> two -- TWO : <twái> two -- UNCLEAN : <unhulþō> unclean spirit, evil spirit -- UNDERSTAND : <fraþjan> to understand -- UNDERSTANDING : <frōdei> wisdom, understanding -- UNLESS : <alja> than, except, unless, save; except -- UNLESS : <nibái (niba)> unless, except -- UNSEEMLY : <áiwiskōn> to act unseemly -- UNTIL : <und> up to, until, for -- UNTIL : <untē> for, because, since, until -- UP : <ufarsteigan> to spring up, to mount up -- UP : <ufblēsan> to puff up -- UP : <ufhaban> to hold up, to bear up -- UP : <und> up to, until, for -- UP : <ushafjan> to lift up -- UP : <usstandan> to stand up, rise -- UPON : <ana> in, on, upon, at, over; to, into; against -- UPON : <dissitan> to seize upon -- UPON : <insaíƕan> to look upon, regard -- UPON : <ufarō> above, upon, over -- USE : <filuwaúrdjan> to use many words, to be wordy -- USEFUL : <gabōtjan> to make useful, to restore -- VANISH : <gataúrnan> to vanish, to be destroyed -- VERY : <abraba> strongly, excessively, very, very much -- VOICE : <stibna> voice -- WAGE : <láun> reward, wage -- WANT : <þaúrban> to need, to be in want -- WASTELAND : <áuþida> desert, wasteland -- WATCH : <wahtwō> watch -- WATCH : <witan> to keep watch, observe -- WAY : <wigs> way, road, journey -- WAY : <ƕáiwa> how, in what way -- WEAK : <skula> owing, in debt, guilty; (weak subst.) debtor -- WEEP : <grētan> to weep -- WHAT : <ƕas> who, what -- WHAT : <ƕáiwa> how, in what way -- WHEN : <biþē> while, when, after that, as soon as; then, thereupon -- WHEN : <miþþanei> while, during, when -- WHEN : <þan> then, when -- WHEN : <þan> when, as (long as); then, at that time; but, and, however -- WHENCE : <ƕaþrō> whence, where -- WHERE : <ƕaþrō> whence, where -- WHETHER : <ei> that, so that; whether; (relative particle) -- WHETHER : <jaþþē> and if, whether -- WHICH : <saei> who, he who, which -- WHILE : <biþē> while, when, after that, as soon as; then, thereupon -- WHILE : <miþþanei> while, during, when -- WHITE : <ƕeits> white -- WHITEN : <gaƕeitjan> to whiten -- WHITENS : <wullareis> one who whitens wool, fuller -- WHO : <saei> who, he who, which -- WHO : <wullareis> one who whitens wool, fuller -- WHO : <ƕas> who, what -- WHOEVER : <þisƕazuh> whoever, whosoever -- WHOSOEVER : <þisƕazuh> whoever, whosoever -- WHY : <ƕa> why -- WIFE : <qeins> wife -- WILL : <wilja> will -- WILL : <wiljan> to will, wish -- WISDOM : <frōdei> wisdom, understanding -- WISH : <wiljan> to will, wish -- WITHERED : <gaþaúrsnan> to be withered -- WITHOUT : <ūta> out, without -- WITNESS : <weitwōdjan> to bear witness, to testify -- WONDER : <sildaleikjan> to wonder, to marvel -- WONDER : <táikns> sign, wonder -- WOOL : <wullareis> one who whitens wool, fuller -- WORD : <-u> (interrogative particle, attached enclitically to first word of its clause) -- WORD : <waúrd> word -- WORDINESS : <filuwaúrdei> wordiness -- WORDS : <filuwaúrdjan> to use many words, to be wordy -- WORDY : <filuwaúrdjan> to use many words, to be wordy -- WORK : <waúrkjan> to work, to make -- WORLD : <manasēþs> mankind, the world -- WORLD : <midjungards> earth, world -- WORSHIP : <inweitan> to worship -- WRAP : <biwáibjan> to clothe, to wrap -- WRAP : <biwindan> to wrap -- WRITE : <gamēljan> to write, enroll -- YEAR : <jēr> year -- YEARS : <twalibwintrus> twelve years old -- YET : <akei> but, yet, still, nevertheless -- YIELD : <giban> to give, yield -- YONDER : <jáinar> yonder, there -- YOU : <þu> thou, you -- YOUNG : <juggaláuþs> young man -- YOUNG : <niuklahs> young, childish -- YOUR : <izwar> your, yours -- YOUR : <þeins> thy, thine, your, yours -- YOURS : <izwar> your, yours -- YOURS : <þeins> thy, thine, your, yours --

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