Ancient Sanskrit Online

Sanskrit: English Meaning Index

This English Index lists, in alphabetical order, seemingly significant words used in the "general meaning" glosses of Base Forms underlying one or more surface (word) forms in lesson texts. For each English word, base forms having that word in their general meanings are shown, along with links to every usage, in every numbered lesson, of the associated surface forms. With this index, one may click on any link to perform a quick "usage look-up," and thereby study how surface forms in texts are constructed from base forms sharing a general English meaning word. In order to reduce clutter in this index, certain high-frequency English "function" words are ignored unless there are no "content" words in the meaning.

This index was created by software, not by human hand, using lesson materials authored with very few constraints on the expression of "meaning" other than it being in English. Selecting significant words from free-form text via software is a notoriously difficult task. For example, while most meanings in these lessons are expressed as "glosses," some or parts may be comments directed toward the human reader, who is expected to discern the difference. Computer software cannot yet make such subtle linguistic distinctions, so all words in a meaning are treated alike. With few exceptions, then, all words are indexed. The results are neither produced nor presented with any claims to superior linguistic sensitivity, but at least the full meaning texts are shown for your inspection and judgment. Modest effort was invested in tuning the software to ignore [apparently] superfluous, high-frequency words (e.g., the preposition "of") that, in the presence of [apparently] more important words, contribute little or no useful information to an index; unfortunately this may result in some words, in some contexts, being unfairly omitted.




ABILITY : <krátu> power, intellectual ability -- ABOUT : <√maṃh, máṃhate> effect, bring about -- ABUNDANTLY : <āhanás> abundantly productive -- ABUNDANTLY : <√pī, pínvati> swell, yield abundantly -- ACCEPT : <√vr̥, vr̥ṇīté> choose, accept -- ACCOMPANY : <√sac, sácate> accompany -- ACCORDANT : <sajóṣas> accordant -- ACCOUNT : <√bhuj, bhuñjáte> turn to account -- ACT : <kárman> act, deed -- ACTIVE : <√viṣ, viveṣṭi> be active -- ADITI : <áditi> freedom, Aditi -- ADITI : <ādityá> of Aditi, son of Aditi -- AFFLICTION : <ámīvā> affliction -- AFORETIME : <purājā́> born aforetime -- AFTER : <ánu> after -- AFTER : <deváṃ-devam> god after god -- AFTER : <devó-devas> god after god -- AFTER : <divé-dive> day after day -- AGAINST : <práti> against -- AGE : <jaraṇā́> old age -- AGNI : <agní> fire, Agni -- AIRY : <antárikṣa> airy space, atmosphere -- AIRY : <rájas> airy space, dark region -- ALIVE : <jīvá> alive, living -- ALIVE : <√jīv, jī́vati> be alive -- ALL : <cit> even, all -- ALL : <sárva> whole, all -- ALL : <vaiśvānará> for all men, universal -- ALL : <víśva> all -- ALL-KNOWING : <viśvávedas> all-knowing one -- ALLIANCE : <ā́pya> alliance -- ALWAYS : <viśvā́hā> always -- AMONGST : <saṃsthé> in amongst -- ANCIENT : <pratná> ancient -- AND : <ca> and -- AND : <utá> and -- ANXIETY : <aṃhú> narrowness, anxiety -- ANYWHERE : <víśvyā> anywhere -- APART : <ví> apart -- APPEAR : <√dr̥ś> see, appear -- APPEARANCE : <ketú> appearance, shining out, ray -- APPORTIONED : <bhaktá> what is apportioned -- APPROACH : <√yā, yā́ti> approach with longing, solicit -- ARM : <bāhú> arm -- AROUND : <pári> around, out of -- ARROW : <śáru> arrow -- ARROWS : <íṣumant> bearing arrows -- ARYAMAN : <aryamán> Aryaman -- ASHVIN : <aśvín> horseman, Ashvin -- ASK : <√prach, pr̥cháti> ask, ask for -- ASSUREDLY : <maṃhánā> assuredly -- ATMOSPHERE : <antárikṣa> airy space, atmosphere -- ATTENTION : <√kāś, cā́kaśīti> observe, pay attention to -- AUSPICIOUS : <sumaṅgála> auspicious, bringing luck -- AWAY : <ápa> away -- AWAY : <dūrakám> far away -- AWAY : <√sidh, sédhati> drive away -- AWAY : <√yu, yuyóti> keep away -- BAD : <durmatí> bad thought, envy -- BARD : <kārú> bard -- BE : <√as, ásti> be -- BE : <√bhū, bhávati> be -- BEAM : <usríyā> beam -- BEAR : <√bhr̥, bhárati> bring, bear -- BEAR : <√jan, jánati> produce, create, bear -- BEARING : <íṣumant> bearing arrows -- BECAUSE : <hí> for, because -- BELOVED : <váreṇya> beloved -- BELOVED : <vāmá> dear, beloved thing -- BENEFICENT : <vásu> good, beneficent -- BENEVOLENTLY : <priyákṣatra> ruling benevolently -- BENIGN : <riśā́das> benign -- BETRAYING : <adrúh> not betraying -- BETTER : <vásyasā-vasyasā> with better and better -- BEYOND : <áti> beyond -- BILLOWING : <arṇavá> billowing, foaming -- BIRD : <śakúni> (a kind of bird) -- BIRD : <śakúnti> (a kind of bird) -- BLESSED : <śám> blessing, blessed -- BLESSED : <śáṃtāti> blessed -- BLESSING : <śám> blessing, blessed -- BLOW : <√vā, vā́ti> blow -- BOAT : <naú> boat -- BOON : <sumná> favour, boon -- BORN : <purājā́> born aforetime -- BORN : <√jā, jā́yate> be born -- BOTH : <ubháya> both -- BRIGHT : <citrá> bright, radiant -- BRIGHTENING : <vyúṣ> brightening -- BRIGHTNESS : <bhā́svant> possessing light, brightness -- BRIGHTNESS : <bhānú> brightness, shining -- BRING : <√bhr̥, bhárati> bring, bear -- BRING : <√maṃh, máṃhate> effect, bring about -- BRING : <√vah, váhati> conduct, bring -- BRINGING : <mayobhū́> bringing happiness -- BRINGING : <sávīman> bringing to life -- BRINGING : <sumaṅgála> auspicious, bringing luck -- BROAD : <urú> broad, spacious -- BROUGHT : <bráhmavāhas> brought by prayer -- BROUGHT : <gírvāhas> brought by song -- BUT : <tú> then, but -- BY : <bráhmavāhas> brought by prayer -- BY : <dívā> by day -- BY : <gírvāhas> brought by song -- BY : <náktam> by night -- BY : <yajñávr̥ddha> strengthened by worship -- CALL : <háva> call -- CALL : <√hū, hávate> invoke, call upon -- CATTLE : <gómant> consisting of cattle -- CATTLE : <paśú> cattle -- CELEBRANT : <hótr̥> celebrant -- CELEBRATED : <pravā́cya> to be celebrated -- CERTAINTY : <avayuná> without distinction, without certainty -- CERTAINTY : <vayúnavant> possessing distinction, certainty -- CHOICE : <vā́rya> choice (thing), precious gift -- CHOOSE : <√vr̥, vr̥ṇīté> choose, accept -- COIL : <pariṣád> surrounding thing, coil -- COLD : <himá> cold, frost -- COME : <√viś, viśáte> enter, come to rest -- COMMAND : <dhr̥távrata> whose command is firm -- COMMANDMENT : <vratá> holy law, divine commandment -- CONDUCT : <√nī, náyati> lead, conduct -- CONDUCT : <√vah, váhati> conduct, bring -- CONFIDENT : <vidátha> confident knowledge, wise judgement -- CONSISTING : <abdimánt> consisting of storm-clouds -- CONSISTING : <gómant> consisting of cattle -- CONTAIN : <√vr̥, vr̥ṇóti> contain, hinder -- COURSE : <ájma> course, path -- COURSE : <áyana> going, course -- COURSE : <éva> going, course -- COVER : <√vyā, vyáyati> cover -- CREATE : <√jan, jánati> produce, create, bear -- CREATURE : <prajā́> creature, progeny -- CREATURE-LORD : <prajā́pati> creature-lord, lord of creatures -- CREATURES : <prajā́pati> creature-lord, lord of creatures -- CROSS : <√tr̥̄, tiráti> cross -- CRY : <√krand, krándati> cry out -- CUT : <√vraśc, vr̥ścáti> cut up -- DARK : <rájas> airy space, dark region -- DARKNESS : <támas> darkness -- DAUGHTER : <duhitŕ̥> daughter -- DAWN : <uṣás> dawn -- DAY : <adyá> on this day, today -- DAY : <áhan> day, daylight -- DAY : <divé-dive> day after day -- DAY : <dívā> by day -- DAY : <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day -- DAYLIGHT : <áhan> day, daylight -- DAYLIGHT : <áhnā-ahnā> with repeated daylight -- DEAR : <vāmá> dear, beloved thing -- DECEIVED : <ádābhya> not to be deceived -- DEED : <kárman> act, deed -- DEED : <śrútya> deed worthy of fame -- DEED : <vīryà> heroic deed, manly strength -- DEMON : <vr̥trá> hindrance, demon, Vritra -- DESCENT : <janús> descent, kind -- DESIRABLE : <spārhá> desirable -- DESIRE : <√iṣ, icháti> long for, desire -- DESIRING : <avasyú> desiring help -- DESTROY : <√han, hánti> strike, destroy -- DIG : <√rad, rádati> dig -- DIRECTION : <pradíś> direction, region -- DISCERNING : <vicakṣaṇá> far-sighted, discerning -- DISPENSING : <ratnabhā́j> dispensing treasure -- DISTANCE : <parás> in the distance -- DISTANCE : <parāvát> distance -- DISTINCTION : <avayuná> without distinction, without certainty -- DISTINCTION : <vayúnavant> possessing distinction, certainty -- DISTRIBUTION : <bhaktí> distribution -- DIVINE : <daívya> divine -- DIVINE : <devá> divine, god -- DIVINE : <devī́> divine, goddess -- DIVINE : <vratá> holy law, divine commandment -- DO : <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make -- DOING : <purukŕ̥t> doing much -- DOWN : <áva> down -- DOWN : <ní> down -- DOWNWARD : <nyáñcana> downward slope -- DRAGON : <áhi> snake, dragon -- DRIVE : <√sidh, sédhati> drive away -- DUPLICITOUS : <ádvayas> not duplicitous, trustworthy -- EAGER : <jīrá> eager -- EAGLE : <śyená> eagle -- EARTH : <bhū́mi> earth, land -- EARTH : <dyā́vāpr̥thivī́> Heaven and Earth -- EARTH : <ihá> here, here on earth -- EARTH : <pr̥thivī́> earth -- EARTHLY : <pā́rthiva> earthly -- EASILY : <suháva> easily invoked -- EFFECT : <√maṃh, máṃhate> effect, bring about -- ENCOMPASSING : <paribhū́> encompassing -- ENJOY : <√juṣ, juṣáte> enjoy -- ENLIVENER : <prasavītŕ̥> enlivener -- ENLIVENER : <savitŕ̥> enlivener, Savitar -- ENTER : <√viś, viśáte> enter, come to rest -- ENVY : <durmatí> bad thought, envy -- EULOGY : <arká> song of praise, eulogy -- EULOGY : <stóma> eulogy -- EVEN : <cit> even, all -- EVER : <yuvanyú> ever young -- EVER-BENEFICENT : <sadā́vr̥dha> ever-beneficent -- EVERMORE : <śaśvadhā́> evermore -- EVERY : <cákṣuṣe-cakṣuṣe> to every eye -- EXISTENCE : <bhúvana> being, existence -- EXISTING : <nū́tana> now existing -- EXPRESSION : <manīṣā́> thought, expression of thought -- EXTEND : <√yam, yáchati> extend, stretch out -- EYE : <cákṣuṣe-cakṣuṣe> to every eye -- FAIL : <√sridh, srédhati> slip, fail -- FAILURE : <srídh> failure, misfortune -- FAIR : <sūnárī> fair lady -- FAME : <śrávas> fame -- FAME : <śrútya> deed worthy of fame -- FAMED : <dīrghaśrúttama> most widely known, famed -- FAR : <dūrakám> far away -- FAR : <yā́t> so far as, in as much as -- FAR-SIGHTED : <vicakṣaṇá> far-sighted, discerning -- FARTHER : <pára> former, farther -- FATHERS : <pítrya> of the fathers -- FAVOUR : <rā́dhas> favour, gift -- FAVOUR : <sumatí> good thought, favour -- FAVOUR : <sumná> favour, boon -- FERTILE : <vakṣáṇā> fertile place -- FIGHTING : <yúdh> fighting -- FILL : <pr̥̄, pr̥ṇā́ti> fill -- FILL : <√prā> fill -- FIND : <√vid, vindáti> find -- FINE : <suṣṭutí> fine hymn of praise -- FINELY-PLUMED : <suparṇá> finely-plumed -- FIRE : <agní> fire, Agni -- FIRM : <dhr̥távrata> whose command is firm -- FIXED : <dhárman> support, fixed order -- FLAMING : <arcivánt> possessing rays, flaming -- FLASH : <vidyút> lightning flash -- FLATLAND : <ájra> plain, flatland -- FLYING : <patayiṣṇú> flying -- FOAMING : <arṇavá> billowing, foaming -- FOLK : <víś> settlement, folk -- FOREST : <vánaspáti> forest lord, tree -- FORGET : <√mr̥ṣ, mŕ̥ṣyate> ignore, forget -- FORM : <rūpá> form -- FORMER : <pára> former, farther -- FORMER : <pū́rva> former, previous -- FORTH : <prá> forth -- FORTH-IMPELLING : <prasavá> (lit.) forth-impelling -- FORTUNATE : <bhadravādín> of fortunate pronouncement -- FORTUNATE : <bhadrá> fortunate, happy -- FORTUNE : <saúbhaga> gift of fortune -- FOUNDATION : <dhā́man> foundation, just law, precept -- FOUR : <catúr> four -- FOUR-CORNERED : <cáturbhr̥ṣṭi> four-cornered -- FOUR-FOOTED : <cátuṣpad> four-footed -- FREE : <√muc, muñcáte> make free -- FREEDOM : <áditi> freedom, Aditi -- FRIEND : <mitrá> friend, Mitra -- FRIEND : <sákhi> friend -- FRIEND-GREAT : <mitrámahas> friend-great, many-friended -- FROM : <ā́> from, in -- FROST : <himá> cold, frost -- FRUITFULNESS : <páyas> fruitfulness, plenty -- FUTURE : <aparám> in the future -- FUTURE : <úttara> higher, future -- GATHERING : <samudrá> gathering place of waters, sea -- GENERATE : <sū, suváti> generate, impel -- GENERATION : <yugá> generation -- GENEROUS : <sudā́nu> generous, liberal -- GIFT : <rā́dhas> favour, gift -- GIFT : <saúbhaga> gift of fortune -- GIFT : <vā́rya> choice (thing), precious gift -- GIVING : <sárāti> giving together -- GLEAMING : <márīci> particle of light, gleaming light -- GO : <√gam, gáchati> go -- GO : <√i, éti> go -- GO : <√r̥, íyarti> go, send -- GO : <√sr̥j, sr̥játi> let go -- GO : <√yā, yā́ti> go, travel -- GOD : <devá> divine, god -- GOD : <deváṃ-devam> god after god -- GOD : <devó-devas> god after god -- GOD : <marút> Marut, storm god -- GOD-MADE : <devákr̥ta> god-made -- GODDESS : <devī́> divine, goddess -- GODS : <mā́ruta> of the storm gods, the Maruts' -- GOING : <áyana> going, course -- GOING : <éva> going, course -- GOLD-TRESSED : <hárikeśa> gold-tressed -- GOOD : <sugá> good passage -- GOOD : <sumatí> good thought, favour -- GOOD : <susaraṇá> good passage -- GOOD : <suśaraṇá> good shelterer, good protector -- GOOD : <suśárman> of good shelter, tutelary -- GOOD : <suvī́ra> of good manhood -- GOOD : <vásu> good, beneficent -- GOOD-MINDED : <sumánas> good-minded, well-disposed -- GRACIOUS : <maghávan> gracious -- GRANT : <√dhā, dádhāti> place, grant -- GRANT : <√rā> grant -- GREAT : <mahánt> great, mighty -- GREAT : <máh> great -- GREATNESS : <mahán> greatness -- GREATNESS : <mahitvá> greatness, majesty -- GUIDANCE : <supráṇīti> safe guidance -- GUIDING : <supráṇīti> guiding safely -- GUILT : <ánāgas> without guilt -- GUILTLESSNESS : <anāgastvá> guiltlessness, innocence -- HAND : <abhíṣṭi> being at hand, ready help -- HAPPINESS : <mayobhū́> bringing happiness -- HAPPINESS : <máyas> happiness -- HAPPY : <bhadrá> fortunate, happy -- HARD : <durgá> hard way -- HARM : <ríṣ> harm -- HATRED : <dvéṣas> hatred -- HAVE : <√īś, ī́śe> have mastery over -- HAVING : <prajā́vant> having progeny -- HAVING : <vaśín> having sway -- HE : <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it -- HEALER : <bhiṣáj> healer -- HEAR : <√śru, śr̥ṇóti> hear -- HEAT : <√tap, tápati> heat, warm -- HEAVEN : <dyā́vāpr̥thivī́> Heaven and Earth -- HEAVEN : <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day -- HEAVEN : <svàr> sunlight, heaven -- HEAVENLY : <divyá> heavenly -- HEIGHT : <pravát> mountain slope, height -- HELP : <abhíṣṭi> being at hand, ready help -- HELP : <avasyú> desiring help -- HELP : <ávas> help -- HELP : <ūtí> help -- HERE : <ihá> here, here on earth -- HERE : <itás> from here -- HERO : <vīrá> hero, man, strong son -- HEROIC : <vīryà> heroic deed, manly strength -- HIGH : <br̥hánt> high, lofty -- HIGH : <br̥hát> on high -- HIGHER : <úttara> higher, future -- HINDER : <√vr̥, vr̥ṇóti> contain, hinder -- HINDRANCE : <vr̥trá> hindrance, demon, Vritra -- HOLY : <r̥tā́van> possessed of Truth, holy -- HOLY : <ukthá> holy song -- HOLY : <ukthyà> worthy of holy song -- HOLY : <vratá> holy law, divine commandment -- HOMAGE : <√vidh> pay homage to, honour -- HOME : <duroṇá> home -- HOME : <kṣáya> home -- HOME : <yóni> home -- HOMECOMING : <abhipitvá> homecoming -- HONOUR : <námas> honour -- HONOUR : <√vidh> pay homage to, honour -- HONOURING : <namasyú> honouring -- HORSEMAN : <aśvín> horseman, Ashvin -- HORSES : <pŕ̥ṣadaśva> with white-flecked horses -- HOSTILE : <√hīḍ> be hostile -- HOUSE : <gr̥há> house -- HUNTER : <ástr̥> shooter, hunter -- HYMN : <suṣṭutí> fine hymn of praise -- IGNORE : <√mr̥ṣ, mŕ̥ṣyate> ignore, forget -- IMMORTAL : <amŕ̥ta> immortal, undying -- IMPEL : <sū, suváti> generate, impel -- IMPRISONER : <paridhí> surrounder, imprisoner -- IN : <ā́> from, in -- INCOMPARABLE : <anehás> incomparable, peerless -- INDEED : <ít> indeed, just -- INDEED : <kam> indeed -- INDEED : <sma, smā> indeed -- INDRA : <índra> Indra -- INEXHAUSTIBLE : <ánya> inexhaustible -- INHERENT : <svadhā́> inherent power -- INHERENT : <svadhā́vant> possessing inherent power, self-powerful -- INJURY : <dhūrtí> injury -- INNOCENCE : <anāgastvá> guiltlessness, innocence -- INSPIRED : <somyá> inspired -- INTELLECTUAL : <krátu> power, intellectual ability -- INTENSIFIES : <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) -- INVOKE : <√hū, hávate> invoke, call upon -- INVOKED : <puruhūtá> much invoked -- INVOKED : <suháva> easily invoked -- IT : <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it -- JOY : <sūnŕ̥tāvant> possessing joy, joyous -- JOYOUS : <sūnŕ̥tāvant> possessing joy, joyous -- JUDGEMENT : <vidátha> confident knowledge, wise judgement -- JUST : <dhā́man> foundation, just law, precept -- JUST : <evá> so, just -- JUST : <ít> indeed, just -- KEEP : <√yu, yuyóti> keep away -- KIND : <janús> descent, kind -- KIND : <śakúni> (a kind of bird) -- KIND : <śakúnti> (a kind of bird) -- KING : <rā́jan> king, ruler -- KINSHIP : <sajātyà> kinship -- KNOW : <√vid, véda> know -- KNOWLEDGE : <vidátha> confident knowledge, wise judgement -- KNOWN : <dīrghaśrúttama> most widely known, famed -- KUSHIKA : <kuśiká> Kushika -- LACK : <ámati> lack of thought -- LACK : <śū́na> lack, want -- LADY : <sūnárī> fair lady -- LAND : <bhū́mi> earth, land -- LAW : <dhā́man> foundation, just law, precept -- LAW : <vratá> holy law, divine commandment -- LEAD : <√nī, náyati> lead, conduct -- LEAVE : <√ric, riṇákti> leave -- LET : <√sr̥j, sr̥játi> let go -- LIBERAL : <sudā́nu> generous, liberal -- LIBERTY : <anibādhá> liberty -- LIFE : <sávīman> bringing to life -- LIGHT : <bhā́svant> possessing light, brightness -- LIGHT : <jyótis> light -- LIGHT : <márīci> particle of light, gleaming light -- LIGHT : <rocaná> sphere of light -- LIGHTNING : <vidyút> lightning flash -- LIKE : <iva> like -- LIKE : <ná> like -- LIVING : <jīvá> alive, living -- LOFTY : <br̥hánt> high, lofty -- LOFTY-FAVOURED : <br̥hátsumna> lofty-favoured -- LONG : <jyók> for a long time -- LONG : <√iṣ, icháti> long for, desire -- LONGING : <kā́ma> longing -- LONGING : <√yā, yā́ti> approach with longing, solicit -- LOOK : <√khyā> look upon -- LORD : <ásura> spiritual lord -- LORD : <páti> lord -- LORD : <prajā́pati> creature-lord, lord of creatures -- LORD : <vánaspáti> forest lord, tree -- LOST : <√naś, náśyati> be lost -- LOVED : <purupriyá> much loved -- LOVELY : <vánanvant> lovely -- LOVELY-HANDED : <supāṇí> lovely-handed -- LOWER : <ávara> lower, more recent -- LOWEST : <avamá> lowest, most recent -- LUCK : <sumaṅgála> auspicious, bringing luck -- LUSTRE : <pā́jas> radiance, lustre -- MAJESTY : <mahitvaná> majesty -- MAJESTY : <mahitvá> greatness, majesty -- MAKE : <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make -- MAKE : <√muc, muñcáte> make free -- MAN : <mánu> man, mankind -- MAN : <mártya> mortal man -- MAN : <puruṣatrā́> as a man -- MAN : <vīrá> hero, man, strong son -- MANHOOD : <suvī́ra> of good manhood -- MANKIND : <mánu> man, mankind -- MANLY : <vīryà> heroic deed, manly strength -- MANTLE : <drāpí> mantle -- MANY : <katamás, katamā́, katamát> who, which (of many) -- MANY : <purú> much, many -- MANY-FRIENDED : <mitrámahas> friend-great, many-friended -- MARUT : <marút> Marut, storm god -- MARUTS : <mā́ruta> of the storm gods, the Maruts' -- MASTERY : <√īś, ī́śe> have mastery over -- MEANING : <a-> (reverses meaning) -- MEANING : <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) -- MEN : <vaiśvānará> for all men, universal -- MIDDAY : <madhyáṃdina> midday, middle time -- MIDDLE : <madhyamá> middle, middle one -- MIDDLE : <madhyáṃdina> midday, middle time -- MIDDLE : <mádhya> middle -- MIGHT : <sáhas> might -- MIGHTY : <mahánt> great, mighty -- MIND : <sámanyu> of the same mind -- MINDFUL : <prácetas> mindful -- MISFORTUNE : <srídh> failure, misfortune -- MITRA : <mitrá> friend, Mitra -- MOMENT : <idā́> at this moment -- MOMENT : <muhūrtá> moment -- MORE : <ávara> lower, more recent -- MORTAL : <martabhójana> mortal sustenance -- MORTAL : <márta> mortal -- MORTAL : <mártya> mortal man -- MOST : <avamá> lowest, most recent -- MOST : <dīrghaśrúttama> most widely known, famed -- MOTHER : <mātŕ̥> mother -- MOTION : <√inv, ínvati> set in motion -- MOUNTAIN : <párvata> mountain -- MOUNTAIN : <pravát> mountain slope, height -- MOVE : <√car, cárati> move -- MOVING : <jágat> moving world -- MUCH : <puruhūtá> much invoked -- MUCH : <purukŕ̥t> doing much -- MUCH : <purupriyá> much loved -- MUCH : <purú> much, many -- MUCH : <yā́t> so far as, in as much as -- NARROWNESS : <aṃhú> narrowness, anxiety -- NATURE : <tmán> nature, self -- NEWER : <návyāṃs> newer -- NIGHT : <náktam> by night -- NIMBLE : <ayā́s> nimble -- NOT : <adrúh> not betraying -- NOT : <ádābhya> not to be deceived -- NOT : <ádvayas> not duplicitous, trustworthy -- NOT : <mā́> not, that not -- NOT : <ná> not -- NOW : <nú> now -- NOW : <nū́tana> now existing -- NOW : <nūnám> now -- NOW : <u> and, now -- OARSMAN : <aritŕ̥> oarsman -- OBSERVE : <√budh, bódhati> wake, observe -- OBSERVE : <√kāś, cā́kaśīti> observe, pay attention to -- OFFSPRING : <túc> offspring -- OLD : <jaraṇā́> old age -- ON : <ápi> on -- ONE : <dāśvā́ṃs> the one worshipping -- ONE : <madhyamá> middle, middle one -- ONE : <ŕ̥dhak> separately, on one side -- ONE : <viśvávedas> all-knowing one -- ONE : <√yat, yátate> take one's place -- OR : <vā> or -- ORDER : <dhárman> support, fixed order -- OUTPOURING-RUSHED : <sárgatakta> (lit.) outpouring-rushed -- OVER : <√īś, ī́śe> have mastery over -- OWN : <svá> own -- PAEAN : <úpastuti> paean of praise -- PARTICLE : <márīci> particle of light, gleaming light -- PASSAGE : <sugá> good passage -- PASSAGE : <susaraṇá> good passage -- PATH : <ájma> course, path -- PAY : <√kāś, cā́kaśīti> observe, pay attention to -- PAY : <√vidh> pay homage to, honour -- PEERLESS : <anehás> incomparable, peerless -- PEOPLE : <jána> person, people -- PERSON : <jána> person, people -- PLACE : <samudrá> gathering place of waters, sea -- PLACE : <vakṣáṇā> fertile place -- PLACE : <√dhā, dádhāti> place, grant -- PLACE : <√yat, yátate> take one's place -- PLAIN : <ájra> plain, flatland -- PLANT : <óṣadhi> plant -- PLENTY : <páyas> fruitfulness, plenty -- POET : <vípra> poet -- POSSESSED : <r̥tā́van> possessed of Truth, holy -- POSSESSING : <arcivánt> possessing rays, flaming -- POSSESSING : <bhā́svant> possessing light, brightness -- POSSESSING : <énasvant> possessing sin -- POSSESSING : <sūnŕ̥tāvant> possessing joy, joyous -- POSSESSING : <svadhā́vant> possessing inherent power, self-powerful -- POSSESSING : <vayúnavant> possessing distinction, certainty -- POSSESSION : <rayí> possession, treasure -- POWER : <krátu> power, intellectual ability -- POWER : <svadhā́> inherent power -- POWER : <svadhā́vant> possessing inherent power, self-powerful -- POWER : <vā́ja> power, strength -- PRAISE : <agháśaṃsa> of wicked praise -- PRAISE : <arká> song of praise, eulogy -- PRAISE : <suṣṭutí> fine hymn of praise -- PRAISE : <ślóka> song of praise -- PRAISE : <úpastuti> paean of praise -- PRAISE : <√arc, árcati> praise -- PRAISE : <√stu, stuṣé> praise -- PRAISE : <√śaṃs, śáṃsati> praise -- PRAY : <svit> pray? -- PRAYER : <bráhmavāhas> brought by prayer -- PRECEPT : <dhā́man> foundation, just law, precept -- PRECIOUS : <vā́rya> choice (thing), precious gift -- PREVIOUS : <pū́rva> former, previous -- PRINCE : <sūrí> prince -- PRODUCE : <√jan, jánati> produce, create, bear -- PRODUCTIVE : <āhanás> abundantly productive -- PROGENY : <prajā́> creature, progeny -- PROGENY : <prajā́vant> having progeny -- PRONOUNCEMENT : <bhadravādín> of fortunate pronouncement -- PROSPERITY : <vasutvaná> prosperity -- PROTECT : <√pā, pā́ti> protect -- PROTECT : <√rakṣ, rákṣati> protect -- PROTECT : <√trā> rescue, protect -- PROTECTION : <chardís> protection, shield -- PROTECTION : <trivárūtha> with threefold protection -- PROTECTOR : <suśaraṇá> good shelterer, good protector -- PROVIDERS : <varivovíd> providers of space -- PROVISION : <dráviṇa> provision -- PURPOSEFUL : <arthín> purposeful -- RADIANCE : <pā́jas> radiance, lustre -- RADIANT : <citrá> bright, radiant -- RAY : <aktú> twilight ray -- RAY : <ketú> appearance, shining out, ray -- RAYS : <arcivánt> possessing rays, flaming -- REACH : <√aṃś, aśnóti> reach -- READY : <abhíṣṭi> being at hand, ready help -- RECENT : <avamá> lowest, most recent -- RECENT : <ávara> lower, more recent -- REFRESHMENT : <íḍ> refreshment -- REFRESHMENT : <íṣ> refreshment -- REFUGE : <śárman> refuge, shelter -- REGION : <pradíś> direction, region -- REGION : <rájas> airy space, dark region -- REPEATED : <áhnā-ahnā> with repeated daylight -- RESCUE : <√trā> rescue, protect -- REST : <nivéśana> the source of rest -- REST : <√ram, rámate> rest, stay -- REST : <√viś, viśáte> enter, come to rest -- REVERSES : <a-> (reverses meaning) -- REVERSES : <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) -- RICH : <udanimánt> rich in water -- RIGHT : <dakṣiṇatás> from the right side -- RISE : <√ruh, róhati> rise up -- RIVER : <síndhu> river -- ROAR : <√ru, ruváti> roar -- ROUSER : <codayitrī́> rouser -- RUDRA : <rudrá> Rudra -- RULE : <√rāj, rā́jati> rule, shine -- RULER : <rā́jan> king, ruler -- RULING : <priyákṣatra> ruling benevolently -- SAFE : <supráṇīti> safe guidance -- SAFELY : <supráṇīti> guiding safely -- SAGE : <kaví> sage -- SAME : <sácā> at the same time -- SAME : <sámanyu> of the same mind -- SAVITAR : <savitŕ̥> enlivener, Savitar -- SAY : <√brū, brávīti> say -- SEA : <samudrá> gathering place of waters, sea -- SEE : <√cakṣ, cáṣṭe> see -- SEE : <√dr̥ś> see, appear -- SEE : <√paś, páśyati> see -- SEEING : <cákṣas> seeing, sight -- SELF : <tmán> nature, self -- SELF-POWERFUL : <svadhā́vant> possessing inherent power, self-powerful -- SEND : <√iṣ, íṣyati> send -- SEND : <√r̥, íyarti> go, send -- SEPARATELY : <ŕ̥dhak> separately, on one side -- SET : <√inv, ínvati> set in motion -- SETTING : <nimrúc> setting, sunset -- SETTLEMENT : <víś> settlement, folk -- SHE : <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it -- SHELTER : <suśárman> of good shelter, tutelary -- SHELTER : <śárman> refuge, shelter -- SHELTERER : <suśaraṇá> good shelterer, good protector -- SHIELD : <chardís> protection, shield -- SHINE : <√rāj, rā́jati> rule, shine -- SHINE : <√vas, ucháti> shine -- SHINING : <bhānú> brightness, shining -- SHINING : <ketú> appearance, shining out, ray -- SHINING-AGAINST : <abhibhā́> lit. shining-against -- SHOOTER : <ástr̥> shooter, hunter -- SICKNESS : <anamīvá> without sickness -- SICKNESS : <arapás> without sickness, wholesome -- SICKNESS : <rápas> sickness -- SIDE : <dakṣiṇatás> from the right side -- SIDE : <ŕ̥dhak> separately, on one side -- SIGHT : <cákṣas> seeing, sight -- SIGHT : <saṃdŕ̥ś> sight -- SIN : <énas> sin -- SIN : <énasvant> possessing sin -- SING : <√gr̥, gr̥ṇā́ti> sing -- SINGER : <jaritŕ̥> singer -- SKY : <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day -- SLAY : <√vadh> slay -- SLIP : <√sridh, srédhati> slip, fail -- SLOPE : <nyáñcana> downward slope -- SLOPE : <pravát> mountain slope, height -- SNAKE : <áhi> snake, dragon -- SO : <evá> so, just -- SO : <tā́t> so -- SO : <yáthā> as, so that -- SO : <yā́t> so far as, in as much as -- SOLICIT : <√yā, yā́ti> approach with longing, solicit -- SON : <ādityá> of Aditi, son of Aditi -- SON : <putrá> son -- SON : <sūnú> son -- SON : <vaivasvatá> son of Vivasvat -- SON : <vīrá> hero, man, strong son -- SONG : <arká> song of praise, eulogy -- SONG : <gír> song -- SONG : <gírvāhas> brought by song -- SONG : <ślóka> song of praise -- SONG : <ukthá> holy song -- SONG : <ukthyà> worthy of holy song -- SOON : <makṣū́> swiftly, soon -- SOUND : <√ghuṣ, ghóṣate> sound -- SOURCE : <nivéśana> the source of rest -- SPACE : <antárikṣa> airy space, atmosphere -- SPACE : <rájas> airy space, dark region -- SPACE : <varivovíd> providers of space -- SPACE-MAKING : <urucákri> (lit.) space-making -- SPACIOUS : <urú> broad, spacious -- SPEAK : <√vac> speak -- SPEAK : <√vad, vádati> speak -- SPEECH : <vácas> word, speech -- SPEECH : <vā́c> voice, speech -- SPHERE : <rocaná> sphere of light -- SPIRIT : <mánas> understanding, spirit -- SPIRITUAL : <ásura> spiritual lord -- SPREAD : <√prath, práthate> spread -- SPRINKLE : <√ukṣ, ukṣáte> sprinkle -- STAND : <√sthā, tíṣṭhati> stand -- STANDER : <sthātŕ̥> stander, standing world -- STANDING : <sthātŕ̥> stander, standing world -- STAR : <nákṣatra> star -- STAY : <√ram, rámate> rest, stay -- STORM : <marút> Marut, storm god -- STORM : <mā́ruta> of the storm gods, the Maruts' -- STORM-CLOUDS : <abdimánt> consisting of storm-clouds -- STRAIGHT : <ūrdhvá> upright, straight -- STREAM : <nadī́> stream -- STRENGTH : <vā́ja> power, strength -- STRENGTH : <vīryà> heroic deed, manly strength -- STRENGTH-WINNING : <vā́jasāti> lit. strength-winning -- STRENGTHENED : <yajñávr̥ddha> strengthened by worship -- STRETCH : <√tan, tanute> stretch, stretch out -- STRETCH : <√yam, yáchati> extend, stretch out -- STRIKE : <√han, hánti> strike, destroy -- STRONG : <vīrá> hero, man, strong son -- SUN : <sū́rya> sun -- SUNLIGHT : <svàr> sunlight, heaven -- SUNSET : <nimrúc> setting, sunset -- SUPPORT : <dhárman> support, fixed order -- SUPPORTER : <dhartŕ̥> supporter, upholder -- SURELY : <sú> well, surely -- SURROUNDER : <paridhí> surrounder, imprisoner -- SURROUNDING : <pariṣád> surrounding thing, coil -- SUSTAINER : <abhiśrī́> sustainer -- SUSTENANCE : <martabhójana> mortal sustenance -- SWAY : <vaśín> having sway -- SWELL : <√pī, pínvati> swell, yield abundantly -- SWIFTLY : <makṣū́> swiftly, soon -- TAKE : <√yat, yátate> take one's place -- THAT : <mā́> not, that not -- THAT : <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it -- THAT : <syás, syā́, tyát> that -- THAT : <yát> that, when -- THAT : <yáthā> as, so that -- THEN : <tát> then -- THEN : <tú> then, but -- THIEF : <stená> thief -- THING : <pariṣád> surrounding thing, coil -- THING : <vā́rya> choice (thing), precious gift -- THING : <vāmá> dear, beloved thing -- THINK : <√man, mányate> think -- THIS : <adyá> on this day, today -- THIS : <ayám, iyám, idám> this -- THIS : <enā́> in this way -- THIS : <eṣás, eṣā́, etát> this -- THIS : <idā́> at this moment -- THOUGHT : <ámati> lack of thought -- THOUGHT : <dhī́> thought -- THOUGHT : <durmatí> bad thought, envy -- THOUGHT : <manīṣā́> thought, expression of thought -- THOUGHT : <matí> thought -- THOUGHT : <medhā́> wise thought -- THOUGHT : <sumatí> good thought, favour -- THREE : <tisŕ̥> three -- THREE : <trí> three -- THREEFOLD : <trivárūtha> with threefold protection -- THRICE : <trís> thrice -- THRIVE : <√edh, édhate> thrive -- THUNDER : <√stan> thunder -- THUNDERBOLT : <aśáni> thunderbolt -- TIME : <jyók> for a long time -- TIME : <madhyáṃdina> midday, middle time -- TIME : <sácā> at the same time -- TODAY : <adyá> on this day, today -- TOGETHER : <sám> together -- TOGETHER : <sárāti> giving together -- TOGETHER : <sākám> together -- TOGETHER : <smát> together with -- TOWARDS : <abhí> towards -- TOWARDS : <ácha> towards -- TRANSGRESS : <√mī, minā́ti> vary, transgress -- TRAVEL : <√yā, yā́ti> go, travel -- TREASURE : <ratnabhā́j> dispensing treasure -- TREASURE : <rayí> possession, treasure -- TREASURE : <rátna> treasure -- TREE : <vánaspáti> forest lord, tree -- TROOP : <śárdhas> troop -- TROUBLE : <áṃhas> trouble -- TRUE : <satyá> true -- TRUSTWORTHY : <ádvayas> not duplicitous, trustworthy -- TRUTH : <r̥tá> Truth -- TRUTH : <r̥tā́van> possessed of Truth, holy -- TURN : <√bhuj, bhuñjáte> turn to account -- TURN : <√vr̥t, vártate> turn -- TUTELARY : <suśárman> of good shelter, tutelary -- TWILIGHT : <aktú> twilight ray -- TWIN : <yamá> twin, Yama -- TWO-FOOTED : <dvipád> two-footed -- UNBROKEN-SUPPORT : <áriṣṭabharman> (lit.) of unbroken-support -- UNDERSTANDING : <mánas> understanding, spirit -- UNDYING : <amŕ̥ta> immortal, undying -- UNHARMED : <áriṣṭa> unharmed -- UNIVERSAL : <vaiśvānará> for all men, universal -- UP : <úpa> up to -- UP : <út> up -- UP : <√ruh, róhati> rise up -- UP : <√vraśc, vr̥ścáti> cut up -- UPHOLDER : <dhartŕ̥> supporter, upholder -- UPON : <√hū, hávate> invoke, call upon -- UPON : <√khyā> look upon -- UPRIGHT : <ūrdhvá> upright, straight -- VARIEGATED : <piśáṅga> variegated -- VARUNA : <váruṇa> Varuna -- VARY : <√mī, minā́ti> vary, transgress -- VIVASVAT : <vaivasvatá> son of Vivasvat -- VOICE : <vā́c> voice, speech -- VRITRA : <vr̥trá> hindrance, demon, Vritra -- WAKE : <√budh, bódhati> wake, observe -- WAKENING : <prabúdh> wakening -- WANT : <śū́na> lack, want -- WARM : <√tap, tápati> heat, warm -- WARMTH : <ghr̥ṇá> warmth -- WATER : <áp> water -- WATER : <udanimánt> rich in water -- WATERS : <samudrá> gathering place of waters, sea -- WAY : <ádhvan> way -- WAY : <durgá> hard way -- WAY : <enā́> in this way -- WE : <vayám> we -- WEAPON : <vájra> weapon -- WEAPON-ARMED : <vájrabāhu> weapon-armed -- WELL : <sú> well, surely -- WELL-BEING : <suvitá> well-being -- WELL-DISPOSED : <sumánas> good-minded, well-disposed -- WELL-SIGHTED : <sucákṣas> well-sighted -- WELLBEING : <svastí> wellbeing -- WHAT : <bhaktá> what is apportioned -- WHAT : <kás, kā́, kát, kím> who, which, what? -- WHAT-DESIRING : <kiṃyú> what-desiring? -- WHEN : <kadā́> when? -- WHEN : <yát> that, when -- WHERE : <kúha> where? -- WHICH : <katamás, katamā́, katamát> who, which (of many) -- WHICH : <kás, kā́, kát, kím> who, which, what? -- WHICH : <yás, yā́, yát> who, which -- WHITE-FLECKED : <pŕ̥ṣadaśva> with white-flecked horses -- WHO : <katamás, katamā́, katamát> who, which (of many) -- WHO : <kás, kā́, kát, kím> who, which, what? -- WHO : <yás, yā́, yát> who, which -- WHOLE : <sárva> whole, all -- WHOLESOME : <arapás> without sickness, wholesome -- WHOSE : <dhr̥távrata> whose command is firm -- WICKED : <agháśaṃsa> of wicked praise -- WIDELY : <dīrghaśrúttama> most widely known, famed -- WIND : <vā́ta> wind -- WISE : <medhā́> wise thought -- WISE : <vidátha> confident knowledge, wise judgement -- WISH : <vára> wish -- WITHOUT : <anamīvá> without sickness -- WITHOUT : <arapás> without sickness, wholesome -- WITHOUT : <avayuná> without distinction, without certainty -- WITHOUT : <ánāgas> without guilt -- WITHOUT : <r̥té> without -- WONDERFUL : <purumāyá> wonderful -- WORD : <vácas> word, speech -- WORLD : <jágat> moving world -- WORLD : <ródas> world -- WORLD : <sthātŕ̥> stander, standing world -- WORSHIP : <yajñá> worship -- WORSHIP : <yajñávr̥ddha> strengthened by worship -- WORSHIP : <√dāś, dā́śati> worship -- WORSHIP : <√yaj, yájati> worship -- WORSHIPPING : <dāśvā́ṃs> the one worshipping -- WORTHY : <śrútya> deed worthy of fame -- WORTHY : <ukthyà> worthy of holy song -- YAMA : <yamá> twin, Yama -- YIELD : <√pī, pínvati> swell, yield abundantly -- YOU : <tvám> you -- YOU : <yūyám> you (pl.) -- YOUNG : <yuvanyú> ever young --