Ancient Sanskrit Online

Sanskrit: Master Glossary

This Master Glossary page lists, in an alphabetical order suitable to the language and the script employed for it, every unique word form that appears in lesson texts and, for each word, its unique glosses. In addition to the gloss information, sans contextual translation, links are provided to every appearance, in every numbered lesson, of the word/gloss in question. With this index one may perform a quick "word look-up" and, in addition, study how words are used in context by clicking on their links.


ákr̥ṇot - verb; 3rd person singular active imperfect of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make aktúbhis - noun; instrumental plural masculine of <aktú> twilight ray agníbhis - noun; instrumental plural masculine of <agní> fire, Agni agnís - noun; nominative singular masculine of <agní> fire, Agni agháśaṃsas - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <agháśaṃsa> of wicked praise ácha - preverb; <ácha> towards ájījanat - verb; 3rd person singular active reduplicating aorist of <√jan, jánati> produce, create, bear ájmasya - noun; genitive singular masculine of <ájma> course, path ájre - noun; locative singular masculine of <ájra> plain, flatland áti riricé - verb; 3rd person singular middle perfect of <√ric, riṇákti> leave + preverb; <áti> beyond ádābhyas - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <ádābhya> not to be deceived áditis - noun; nominative singular feminine of <áditi> freedom, Aditi adite - noun; vocative singular feminine of <áditi> freedom, Aditi ádites - noun; genitive singular feminine of <áditi> freedom, Aditi adyá - adverb; <adyá> on this day, today adruhas - adjective; vocative plural masculine of <adrúh> not betraying ádvayās - adjective; nominative singular feminine of <ádvayas> not duplicitous, trustworthy ádhvan - noun; locative singular masculine of <ádhvan> way ádhvanas - noun; accusative plural masculine of <ádhvan> way anamīvā́s - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <anamīvá> without sickness anayat - verb; 3rd person singular active imperfect of <√nī, náyati> lead, conduct ánāgasas - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <ánāgas> without guilt anāgāstvéna - adjective; instrumental singular neuter of <anāgastvá> guiltlessness, innocence anibādhé - noun; locative singular masculine of <anibādhá> liberty ánu - preposition; <ánu> after ánu cárantīs - participle; nominative plural feminine present active participle of <√car, cárati> move + preverb; <ánu> after ánu maṃsīrata - verb; 3rd person plural middle aorist optative of <√man, mányate> think + preverb; <ánu> after ánu yemur - verb; 3rd person plural active perfect of <√yam, yáchati> extend, stretch out + preverb; <ánu> after anehásas - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <anehás> incomparable, peerless antárikṣam - noun; accusative singular neuter of <antárikṣa> airy space, atmosphere ányām - adjective; accusative singular feminine of <ánya> inexhaustible ápa - preverb; <ápa> away ápa ahan - verb; 3rd person singular active imperfect of <√han, hánti> strike, destroy + preverb; <ápa> away ápa uchat - verb; 3rd person singular active injunctive of <√vas, ucháti> shine + preverb; <ápa> away ápa vyayati - verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√vyā, vyáyati> cover + preverb; <ápa> away ápa sedhata - verb; 2nd person plural active imperative of <√sidh, sédhati> drive away + preverb; <ápa> away aparám - adverb; <aparám> in the future apás - noun; accusative plural feminine of <áp> water ápi mr̥ṣṭhās - verb; 2nd person singular middle simple aorist injunctive of <√mr̥ṣ, mŕ̥ṣyate> ignore, forget + preverb; <ápi> on abdimā́n - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <abdimánt> consisting of storm-clouds abhí rakṣati - verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√rakṣ, rákṣati> protect + preverb; <abhí> towards abhí rakṣate - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√rakṣ, rákṣati> protect + preverb; <abhí> towards abhipitvé - noun; locative singular neuter of <abhipitvá> homecoming abhibhā́ - noun; nominative singular feminine of <abhibhā́> lit. shining-against abhíṣṭaye - noun; dative singular feminine of <abhíṣṭi> being at hand, ready help abhiśrī́s - noun; nominative singular masculine of <abhiśrī́> sustainer ámatim - noun; accusative singular feminine of <ámati> lack of thought ámīvām - noun; accusative singular feminine of <ámīvā> affliction amŕ̥tam - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <amŕ̥ta> immortal, undying amŕ̥tasya - adjective; genitive singular masculine of <amŕ̥ta> immortal, undying amr̥tā - adjective; vocative dual masculine of <amŕ̥ta> immortal, undying áyanam - noun; accusative singular neuter of <áyana> going, course ayā́sas - adjective; accusative plural masculine of <ayā́s> nimble aradat - verb; 3rd person singular active imperfect of <√rad, rádati> dig arapā́s - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <arapás> without sickness, wholesome aritā́ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <aritŕ̥> oarsman áriṣṭabharman - adjective; vocative singular feminine of <áriṣṭabharman> (lit.) of unbroken-support áriṣṭas - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <áriṣṭa> unharmed arkás - noun; nominative singular masculine of <arká> song of praise, eulogy árcāmasi - verb; 1st person plural active present of <√arc, árcati> praise arcivát - adjective; nominative singular neuter of <arcivánt> possessing rays, flaming arṇavám - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <arṇavá> billowing, foaming arthínas - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <arthín> purposeful aryamā́ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <aryamán> Aryaman áva kranda - verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√krand, krándati> cry out + preverb; <áva> down avamásya - adjective; genitive singular masculine of <avamá> lowest, most recent avayunám - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <avayuná> without distinction, without certainty ávarāsas - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <ávara> lower, more recent ávasā - noun; instrumental singular neuter of <ávas> help ávase - noun; dative singular neuter of <ávas> help avasyús - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <avasyú> desiring help ávidhat - verb; 3rd person singular active simple aorist of <√vidh> pay homage to, honour ásat - verb; 3rd person singular active subjunctive of <√as, ásti> be aśánis - noun; nominative singular feminine of <aśáni> thunderbolt aśīmahi - verb; 1st person plural middle optative of <√aṃś, aśnóti> reach ásurasya - noun; genitive singular masculine of <ásura> spiritual lord asurās - noun; vocative plural masculine of <ásura> spiritual lord ástā - noun; nominative singular masculine of <ástr̥> shooter, hunter ásti - verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√as, ásti> be astu - verb; 3rd person singular active imperative of <√as, ásti> be asmát - personal pronoun; ablative of <vayám> we asmábhyam - personal pronoun; dative of <vayám> we asmāt - demonstrative pronoun; ablative singular masculine of <ayám, iyám, idám> this asmā́n - personal pronoun; accusative of <vayám> we asmé - personal pronoun; dative of <vayám> we asmai - demonstrative pronoun; dative singular masculine of <ayám, iyám, idám> this ásredhantī - participle; nominative singular feminine active participle of <√sridh, srédhati> slip, fail + privative prefix; <a-> (reverses meaning) aśvínā - noun; nominative dual masculine of <aśvín> horseman, Ashvin aśvínos - noun; genitive dual masculine of <aśvín> horseman, Ashvin áhim - noun; accusative singular masculine of <áhi> snake, dragon áheḷayan - participle; nominative singular masculine present active causative participle of <√hīḍ> be hostile + privative prefix; <a-> (reverses meaning) áhnā - noun; instrumental singular neuter of <áhan> day, daylight áhnāhnā - iterative compound; <áhnā-ahnā> with repeated daylight ahve - verb; 1st person singular middle simple aorist of <√hū, hávate> invoke, call upon áṃhasas - noun; ablative singular neuter of <áṃhas> trouble aṃhós - noun; ablative singular of <aṃhú> narrowness, anxiety ́ - preposition; <ā́> from, in ́ aprās - verb; 3rd person singular active sigmatic aorist of <√prā> fill + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) ́ gamat - verb; 3rd person singular active aorist subjunctive of <√gam, gáchati> go + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) ́ gahi - verb; 2nd person singular active aorist imperative of <√gam, gáchati> go + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) ́ ghóṣān - verb; 3rd person plural active subjunctive of <√ghuṣ, ghóṣate> sound + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) ́ carati - verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√car, cárati> move + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) ́ bhara - verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√bhr̥, bhárati> bring, bear + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) ́ vartayāmasi - verb; 1st person plural active causative of <√vr̥t, vártate> turn + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) ́ vahatam - verb; 2nd person dual active imperative of <√vah, váhati> conduct, bring + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) ́ viveśa - verb; 3rd person singular active perfect of <√viś, viśáte> enter, come to rest + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) ́dityās - noun; vocative plural masculine of <ādityá> of Aditi, son of Aditi ́dityāsas - noun; vocative plural masculine of <ādityá> of Aditi, son of Aditi ́pas - noun; nominative plural feminine of <áp> water āpr̥ṇán - participle; nominative singular masculine present active participle of <pr̥̄, pr̥ṇā́ti> fill + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) ́pyam - noun; nominative singular neuter of <ā́pya> alliance āyatī́ - participle; nominative singular feminine present active participle of <√i, éti> go + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) ́yan - verb; 3rd person plural active imperfect of <√i, éti> go āróhantam - participle; accusative singular masculine present active participle of <√ruh, róhati> rise up + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) āsúr - verb; 3rd person plural active perfect of <√as, ásti> be āhanā́s - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <āhanás> abundantly productive iḷás - noun; genitive singular feminine of <íḍ> refreshment ichámānās - participle; nominative plural feminine present middle participle of <√iṣ, icháti> long for, desire ít - emphatic particle; <ít> indeed, just itás - adverb; <itás> from here idám - demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <ayám, iyám, idám> this idā́ - adverb; <idā́> at this moment indra - noun; vocative singular masculine of <índra> Indra índram - noun; accusative singular masculine of <índra> Indra índras - noun; nominative singular masculine of <índra> Indra índrasya - noun; genitive singular masculine of <índra> Indra invati - verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√inv, ínvati> set in motion íyakṣantas - participle; nominative plural masculine desiderative present active participle of <√yaj, yájati> worship íyarti - verb; 3rd person singular active of <√r̥, íyarti> go, send íyarti - verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√r̥, íyarti> go, send iva - particle; <iva> like íṣas - noun; accusative plural feminine of <íṣ> refreshment íṣumān - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <íṣumant> bearing arrows ihá - adverb; <ihá> here, here on earth īmahe - verb; 3rd person plural middle present of <√yā, yā́ti> approach with longing, solicit īśata - verb; 3rd person singular middle aorist injunctive of <√īś, ī́śe> have mastery over u - particle; <u> and, now ukthéṣu - noun; locative plural neuter of <ukthá> holy song ukthyàm - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <ukthyà> worthy of holy song uccárasi - verb; 2nd person singular active present of <√car, cárati> move + preverb; <út> up uchántī - participle; nominative singular feminine present active participle of <√vas, ucháti> shine út ayān - verb; 3rd person singular active sigmatic aorist of <√yam, yáchati> extend, stretch out + preverb; <út> up út ásthāt - verb; 3rd person singular active simple aorist of <√sthā, tíṣṭhati> stand + preverb; <út> up út aśyās - verb; 3rd person singular active aorist optative of <√aṃś, aśnóti> reach + preverb; <út> up út ihi - verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√i, éti> go + preverb; <út> up út vadhīt - verb; 3rd person singular active aorist injunctive of <√vadh> slay + preverb; <út> up út sr̥jate - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√sr̥j, sr̥játi> let go + preverb; <út> up utá - conjunction; <utá> and úttarā - adjective; nominative plural neuter of <úttara> higher, future udanimā́n - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <udanimánt> rich in water udyát - participle; nominative singular neuter present active participle of <√i, éti> go + preverb; <út> up udyatí - participle; locative singular masculine present active participle of <√i, éti> go + preverb; <út> up udyántam - participle; accusative singular masculine present active participle of <√i, éti> go + preverb; <út> up úpa - preposition; <úpa> up to úpa ā́ ásr̥kṣi - verb; 1st person singular middle sigmatic aorist of <√sr̥j, sr̥játi> let go + preverb; <úpa> up to + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) úpa stuhi - verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√stu, stuṣé> praise + preverb; <úpa> up to úpa stheyāma - verb; 1st person plural active simple aorist optative of <√sthā, tíṣṭhati> stand + preverb; <úpa> up to upabrávāmahai - verb; 1st person plural middle subjunctive of <√brū, brávīti> say + preverb; <úpa> up to úpastutim - noun; accusative singular feminine of <úpastuti> paean of praise úpastutīnām - noun; genitive plural feminine of <úpastuti> paean of praise ubháyasya - adjective; genitive singular neuter of <ubháya> both urú - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <urú> broad, spacious urucákrayas - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <urucákri> (lit.) space-making uraú - adjective; locative singular masculine of <urú> broad, spacious urvī́s - adjective; nominative plural feminine of <urú> broad, spacious úṣas - noun; vocative singular feminine of <uṣás> dawn uṣas - noun; vocative singular feminine of <uṣás> dawn uṣásam - noun; accusative singular feminine of <uṣás> dawn uṣā́s - noun; nominative singular feminine of <uṣás> dawn usríyās - noun; accusative plural feminine of <usríyā> beam ūtyā́ - noun; instrumental singular feminine of <ūtí> help ūrdhvás - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <ūrdhvá> upright, straight r̥tám - noun; accusative singular neuter of <r̥tá> Truth ŕ̥tāvarīs - adjective; vocative plural feminine of <r̥tā́van> possessed of Truth, holy r̥té - preposition; <r̥té> without ŕ̥dhak - adverb; <ŕ̥dhak> separately, on one side etát - demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <eṣás, eṣā́, etát> this edhate - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√edh, édhate> thrive énasas - noun; ablative singular neuter of <énas> sin énasvantam - noun; accusative singular masculine of <énasvant> possessing sin enā́ - adverb; <enā́> in this way evá - adverb; <evá> so, just évais - noun; instrumental plural masculine of <éva> going, course eṣás - demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <eṣás, eṣā́, etát> this eṣā́ - demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular feminine of <eṣás, eṣā́, etát> this óṣadhīs - noun; accusative plural feminine of <óṣadhi> plant katamás - interrogative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <katamás, katamā́, katamát> who, which (of many) kadā́ - interrogative adverb; <kadā́> when? kánikradat - participle; nominative singular masculine present active intensive participle of <√krand, krándati> cry out kam - particle; <kam> indeed kám - interrogative pronoun; accusative singular masculine of <kás, kā́, kát, kím> who, which, what? karat - verb; 3rd person singular active aorist subjunctive of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make karatas - verb; 3rd person dual active aorist subjunctive of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make kárma - noun; accusative singular neuter of <kárman> act, deed kavís - noun; nominative singular masculine of <kaví> sage kás - interrogative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <kás, kā́, kát, kím> who, which, what? kā́ cit - interrogative pronoun; nominative singular feminine of <kás, kā́, kát, kím> who, which, what? + particle; <cit> even, all kā́mas - noun; nominative singular masculine of <kā́ma> longing kāro - noun; vocative singular masculine of <kārú> bard kā́su - interrogative pronoun; locative plural feminine of <kás, kā́, kát, kím> who, which, what? kiṃyús - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <kiṃyú> what-desiring? kuśikásya - noun; genitive singular masculine of <kuśiká> Kushika kúha - interrogative adverb; <kúha> where? kr̥ṇuta - verb; 2nd person plural active imperative of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make kr̥ṇute - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make kr̥ṇutha - verb; 2nd person plural active present of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make kr̥ṇoti - verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make kr̥ṇóṣi - verb; 2nd person singular active present of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make ketúnā - noun; instrumental singular masculine of <ketú> appearance, shining out, ray krátum - noun; accusative singular masculine of <krátu> power, intellectual ability kṣáyam - noun; accusative singular masculine of <kṣáya> home kṣáyāya - noun; dative singular masculine of <kṣáya> home gíram - noun; accusative singular feminine of <gír> song gírvāhasam - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <gírvāhas> brought by song gīrbhís - noun; instrumental plural feminine of <gír> song gr̥ṇántas - participle; nominative plural masculine present active participle of <√gr̥, gr̥ṇā́ti> sing gr̥hā́ṇām - noun; genitive plural masculine of <gr̥há> house gómatas - adjective; accusative plural masculine of <gómant> consisting of cattle ghr̥ṇéna - noun; instrumental singular masculine of <ghr̥ṇá> warmth ca - conjunction; <ca> and cakāra - verb; 3rd person singular active perfect of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make cakā́ra - verb; 3rd person singular active perfect of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make cákṣasā - noun; instrumental singular neuter of <cákṣas> seeing, sight cákṣase - noun; dative singular neuter of <cákṣas> seeing, sight cákṣuṣe-cakṣuṣe - iterative compound; <cákṣuṣe-cakṣuṣe> to every eye cátasras - numeral; accusative plural feminine of <catúr> four cáturbhr̥ṣṭim - adjective; accusative singular feminine of <cáturbhr̥ṣṭi> four-cornered cátuṣpādas - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <cátuṣpad> four-footed cit - particle; <cit> even, all citrám - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <citrá> bright, radiant codayitrī́ - noun; nominative singular feminine of <codayitrī́> rouser chardís - noun; accusative singular neuter of <chardís> protection, shield jágat - noun; accusative singular neuter of <jágat> moving world jágatas - noun; genitive singular neuter of <jágat> moving world jagā́ma - verb; 3rd person singular active perfect of <√gam, gáchati> go jánam - noun; accusative singular masculine of <jána> person, people janúṣam - noun; accusative singular masculine of <janús> descent, kind jaraṇā́m - noun; accusative singular feminine of <jaraṇā́> old age jaritar - noun; vocative singular masculine of <jaritŕ̥> singer jātás - verbal adjective; nominative singular masculine of past participle of <√jan, jánati> produce, create, bear jā́yamānām - adjective; accusative singular feminine of present middle participle of <√jā, jā́yate> be born jīrā́s - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <jīrá> eager jī́vantas - participle; nominative plural masculine present active participle of <√jīv, jī́vati> be alive jīváse - infinitive; dative infinitive from <√jīv, jī́vati> be alive jīvā́s - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <jīvá> alive, living johavīti - verb; 3rd person singular active present intensive of <√hū, hávate> invoke, call upon jyók - adverb; <jyók> for a long time jyótis - noun; accusative singular neuter of <jyótis> light tát - demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it tát - adverb; <tát> then tát - demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular neuter of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it tatanvát - participle; accusative singular neuter perfect active participle of <√tan, tanute> stretch, stretch out tapatu - verb; 3rd person singular active imperative of <√tap, tápati> heat, warm tám - demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular masculine of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it támas - noun; accusative singular neuter of <támas> darkness táva - personal pronoun; genitive singular of <tvám> you tásya - demonstrative pronoun; genitive singular masculine of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it tásyās - demonstrative pronoun; genitive singular feminine of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it tā́ - demonstrative pronoun; accusative plural neuter of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it tā́t - adverb; <tā́t> so tisrás - numeral; accusative plural feminine of <tisŕ̥> three tú - particle; <tú> then, but tucé - noun; dative singular feminine of <túc> offspring té - demonstrative pronoun; nominative plural masculine of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it te - personal pronoun; dative/genitive singular enclitic form of <tvám> you tmánā - noun; instrumental singular masculine of <tmán> nature, self tyā́ - demonstrative pronoun; nominative dual masculine of <syás, syā́, tyát> that trā́yante - verb; 3rd person plural middle present of <√trā> rescue, protect tribhís - numeral; instrumental plural neuter of <trí> three trivárūtham - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <trivárūtha> with threefold protection trís - adverb; <trís> thrice trī́ - numeral; accusative neuter of <trí> three trī́ṇi - numeral; accusative neuter of <trí> three tvā - personal pronoun; accusative singular enclitic form of <tvám> you dakṣiṇatás - adverb; <dakṣiṇatás> from the right side dadhá - verb; 2nd person plural active perfect of <√dhā, dádhāti> place, grant dā́śati - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√dāś, dā́śati> worship dāśúṣe - noun; dative singular masculine of <dāśvā́ṃs> the one worshipping dívam - noun; accusative singular masculine of <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day dívas - noun; accusative plural feminine of <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day divás - noun; genitive singular masculine of <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day divas - noun; genitive singular masculine of <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day dívā - adverb; <dívā> by day diví - noun; locative singular masculine of <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day divé-dive - iterative compound; <divé-dive> day after day divyā́ni - adjective; accusative plural neuter of <divyá> heavenly dīrghaśrúttamam - adjective; nominative singular neuter of <dīrghaśrúttama> most widely known, famed duroṇé - noun; locative singular neuter of <duroṇá> home durgé - noun; locative singular neuter of <durgá> hard way durmatím - noun; accusative singular feminine of <durmatí> bad thought, envy durmataú - noun; locative singular feminine of <durmatí> bad thought, envy duhitar - noun; vocative singular feminine of <duhitŕ̥> daughter duhitā́ - noun; nominative singular feminine of <duhitŕ̥> daughter duhitúr - noun; genitive singular feminine of <duhitŕ̥> daughter dūrakám - adverb; <dūrakám> far away dr̥śé - infinitive; dative infinitive of <√dr̥ś> see, appear devákr̥tam - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <devákr̥ta> god-made devás - noun; nominative singular masculine of <devá> divine, god devásya - noun; genitive singular masculine of <devá> divine, god deváṃ-devam - iterative compound; <deváṃ-devam> god after god devās - noun; vocative plural masculine of <devá> divine, god devā́s - noun; nominative plural masculine of <devá> divine, god dévāsas - noun; vocative plural masculine of <devá> divine, god devā́sas - noun; nominative plural masculine of <devá> divine, god devi - noun; vocative singular feminine of <devī́> divine, goddess devébhis - noun; instrumental plural masculine of <devá> divine, god devó-devas - iterative compound; <devó-devas> god after god devyā́ - adjective; instrumental singular feminine of <devī́> divine, goddess daívyā - adjective; nominative dual masculine of <daívya> divine dyā́vāpr̥thivī́ - noun; nominative dual feminine of <dyā́vāpr̥thivī́> Heaven and Earth dyaús - noun; nominative singular masculine of <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day dráviṇam - noun; accusative singular neuter of <dráviṇa> provision drāpím - noun; accusative singular masculine of <drāpí> mantle dvipā́das - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <dvipád> two-footed dvéṣas - noun; accusative neuter singular of <dvéṣas> hatred dvéṣāṃsi - noun; accusative plural neuter of <dvéṣas> hatred dhartā́ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <dhartŕ̥> supporter, upholder dhármaṇas - noun; ablative singular neuter of <dhárman> support, fixed order dhármaṇe - noun; dative singular neuter of <dhárman> support, fixed order dhāt - verb; 3rd person singular active aorist injunctive of <√dhā, dádhāti> place, grant dhā́ma - noun; accusative singular neuter of <dhā́man> foundation, just law, precept dhā́mabhyas - noun; dative plural neuter of <dhā́man> foundation, just law, precept dhiyā́ - noun; instrumental singular feminine of <dhī́> thought dhūrtís - noun; nominative singular feminine of <dhūrtí> injury dhr̥távratas - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <dhr̥távrata> whose command is firm dhehi - verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√dhā, dádhāti> place, grant ná - particle; <ná> not náktam - adverb; <náktam> by night nákṣatram - noun; nominative singular neuter of <nákṣatra> star nadī́nām - noun; genitive plural feminine of <nadī́> stream nadyàs - noun; accusative plural feminine of <nadī́> stream námas - noun; nominative singular neuter of <námas> honour namasyús - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <namasyú> honouring návyasīm - adjective; accusative singular feminine of <návyāṃs> newer návyase - comparative adjective; dative singular neuter of <návyāṃs> newer nas - personal pronoun; accusative/dative/genitive enclitic form of <vayám> we nā́vam - noun; accusative singular feminine of <naú> boat ní áviśran - verb; 3rd person plural middle simple aorist of <√viś, viśáte> enter, come to rest + preverb; <ní> down ní kar - verb; 2nd person singular active simple aorist injunctive of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make + preverb; <ní> down ní viśánte - verb; 3rd person plural middle present of <√viś, viśáte> enter, come to rest + preverb; <ní> down nimrúci - noun; locative singular feminine of <nimrúc> setting, sunset nivéśanas - noun; nominative singular masculine of <nivéśana> the source of rest niveśáyan - participle; nominative singular masculine present active causative participle of <√viś, viśáte> enter, come to rest + preverb; <ní> down nú - adverb; <nú> now nū́tanāsas - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <nū́tana> now existing nū́tanena - adjective; instrumental singular neuter of <nū́tana> now existing nūnám - adverb; <nūnám> now nyáñcanam - noun; accusative singular of <nyáñcana> downward slope patayiṣṇávas - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <patayiṣṇú> flying pátim - noun; accusative singular masculine of <páti> lord páyasā - noun; instrumental singular neuter of <páyas> fruitfulness, plenty parás - adverb; <parás> in the distance párāṇi - adjective; accusative plural neuter of <pára> former, farther parāvátas - noun; accusative plural feminine of <parāvát> distance párās - adjective; accusative plural feminine of <pára> former, farther pári - preposition; <pári> around, out of paridhím - noun; accusative singular masculine of <paridhí> surrounder, imprisoner paribhū́s - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <paribhū́> encompassing pariṣádas - noun; accusative plural masculine of <pariṣád> surrounding thing, coil párvatān - noun; accusative plural masculine of <párvata> mountain paśúm - noun; accusative singular masculine of <paśú> cattle pā́jasas - noun; ablative singular neuter of <pā́jas> radiance, lustre pātu - verb; 3rd person singular active imperative of <√pā, pā́ti> protect pā́rthivā - adjective; accusative plural neuter of <pā́rthiva> earthly pítryām - adjective; accusative singular feminine of <pítrya> of the fathers pínvamānās - participle; nominative plural feminine present middle participle of <√pī, pínvati> swell, yield abundantly piśáṅgam - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <piśáṅga> variegated putrā́sas - noun; nominative plural masculine of <putrá> son purājā́s - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <purājā́> born aforetime purú - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <purú> much, many purukr̥t - adjective; vocative singular masculine of <purukŕ̥t> doing much purupriye - adjective; vocative singular feminine of <purupriyá> much loved purumāyásya - adjective; genitive singular masculine of <purumāyá> wonderful puruṣatrā́ - adverb; <puruṣatrā́> as a man puruhūta - adjective; vocative singular nominative of <puruhūtá> much invoked pū́rvasmai - adjective; dative singular neuter of <pū́rva> former, previous pr̥chántas - participle; nominative plural masculine present active participle of <√prach, pr̥cháti> ask, ask for pr̥thivī́ - noun; nominative singular feminine of <pr̥thivī́> earth pr̥thivī́m - noun; accusative singular feminine of <pr̥thivī́> earth pr̥thivī́s - noun; accusative plural feminine of <pr̥thivī́> earth pr̥thivyā́m - noun; locative singular feminine of <pr̥thivī́> earth pr̥thivyā́s - noun; ablative singular feminine of <pr̥thivī́> earth pŕ̥ṣadaśvān - adjective; accusative plural masculine of <pŕ̥ṣadaśva> with white-flecked horses pr̥ṣṭás - verbal adjective; nominative singular masculine of past participle of <√prach, pr̥cháti> ask, ask for prá - preverb; <prá> forth prá aśyās - verb; 3rd person singular active aorist optative of <√aṃś, aśnóti> reach + preverb; <prá> forth prá asrāk - verb; 3rd person singular active sigmatic aorist of <√sr̥j, sr̥játi> let go + preverb; <prá> forth prá ī́rate - verb; 3rd person plural middle present of <√r̥, íyarti> go, send + preverb; <prá> forth prá ukṣámāṇas - participle; nominative singular masculine present middle participle of <√ukṣ, ukṣáte> sprinkle + preverb; <prá> forth prá jāyate - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√jā, jā́yate> be born + preverb; <prá> forth prá tirate - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√tr̥̄, tiráti> cross + preverb; <prá> forth prá bhare - verb; 1st person singular middle present of <√bhr̥, bhárati> bring, bear + preverb; <prá> forth prá vocata - verb; 2nd person plural active simple aorist imperative of <√vac> speak + preverb; <prá> forth prá śaṃsāmi - verb; 1st person singular present active of <√śaṃs, śáṃsati> praise + preverb; <prá> forth prakhyaí - infinitive; dative infinitive of <√khyā> look upon + preverb; <prá> forth pracā́kaśat - participle; nominative singular masculine present active intensive participle of <√kāś, cā́kaśīti> observe, pay attention to + preverb; <prá> forth prácetasas - adjective; genitive singular masculine of <prácetas> mindful prajā́patis - noun; nominative singular masculine of <prajā́pati> creature-lord, lord of creatures prajā́bhis - noun; instrumental plural feminine of <prajā́> creature, progeny prajā́bhyas - noun; dative plural feminine of <prajā́> creature, progeny prajā́vantas - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <prajā́vant> having progeny práti adarśi - verb; 3rd person singular passive aorist of <√dr̥ś> see, appear + preverb; <práti> against práti abhutsmahi - verb; 1st person plural middle sigmatic aorist of <√budh, bódhati> wake, observe + preverb; <práti> against práti juṣasva - verb; 2nd person singular middle imperative of <√juṣ, juṣáte> enjoy + preverb; <práti> against práti paśyema - verb; 1st person plural active optative of <√paś, páśyati> see + preverb; <práti> against práti muñcate - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√muc, muñcáte> make free + preverb; <práti> against pratnā́ - adjective; accusative plural neuter of <pratná> ancient pratnā́sas - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <pratná> ancient pratháyan - participle; nominative singular masculine present active causative participle of <√prath, práthate> spread pradíśam - noun; accusative singular feminine of <pradíś> direction, region pradíśas - noun; accusative plural feminine of <pradíś> direction, region prabúdhi - noun; locative singular feminine of <prabúdh> wakening prabruvāṇás - participle; nominative singular masculine present middle participle of <√brū, brávīti> say + preverb; <prá> forth pravátas - noun; genitive singular feminine of <pravát> mountain slope, height pravā́cyam - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <pravā́cya> to be celebrated prasavás - noun; nominative singular masculine of <prasavá> (lit.) forth-impelling prasavītā́ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <prasavītŕ̥> enlivener prasavé - noun; locative singular masculine of <prasavá> (lit.) forth-impelling prasuván - participle; nominative singular masculine present active participle of <sū, suváti> generate, impel + preverb; <prá> forth príyakṣatrās - adjective; vocative plural masculine of <priyákṣatra> ruling benevolently préṣitas - participle; nominative singular masculine past participle of <√iṣ, íṣyati> send + preverb; <prá> forth bāhū́ - noun; accusative dual masculine of <bāhú> arm bíbhratam - participle; accusative singular masculine present active participle of <√bhr̥, bhárati> bring, bear br̥hát - adverb; <br̥hát> on high br̥hatás - adjective; ablative singular neuter of <br̥hánt> high, lofty br̥hatás - adjective; accusative plural masculine of <br̥hánt> high, lofty br̥hatī́ - adjective; nominative singular feminine of <br̥hánt> high, lofty br̥hátsumnas - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <br̥hátsumna> lofty-favoured bodhi - verb; 2nd person singular active aorist imperative of <√budh, bódhati> wake, observe brahmavāhas - adjective; vocative singular masculine of <bráhmavāhas> brought by prayer bhaktáye - noun; dative singular feminine of <bhaktí> distribution bhakténa - noun; instrumental singular of <bhaktá> what is apportioned bhadrám - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <bhadrá> fortunate, happy bhadravādī́ - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <bhadravādín> of fortunate pronouncement bhava - verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√bhū, bhávati> be bhávantu - verb; 3rd person plural active imperative of <√bhū, bhávati> be bhávāsi - verb; 2nd person singular active subjunctive of <√bhū, bhávati> be bhávyam - verbal adjective; accusative singular neuter of future passive participle of <√bhū, bhávati> be bhānúnā - noun; instrumental singular masculine of <bhānú> brightness, shining bhā́svantam - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <bhā́svant> possessing light, brightness bhiṣájā - noun; nominative dual masculine of <bhiṣáj> healer bhunájāmahai - verb; 1st person plural middle subjunctive of <√bhuj, bhuñjáte> turn to account bhúvanasya - noun; genitive singular neuter of <bhúvana> being, existence bhúvanānām - noun; genitive plural neuter of <bhúvana> being, existence bhúvanāni - noun; accusative plural neuter of <bhúvana> being, existence bhúvanāni - noun; nominative plural neuter of <bhúvana> being, existence bhūtám - verbal adjective; accusative singular neuter of past participle of <√bhū, bhávati> be bhūtu - verb; 3rd person singular active aorist imperative of <√bhū, bhávati> be bhūma - verb; 1st person plural active aorist injunctive of of <√bhū, bhávati> be bhū́mim - noun; accusative singular feminine of <bhū́mi> earth, land makṣū́ - adverb; <makṣū́> swiftly, soon maghávānas - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <maghávan> gracious maghónas - adjective; genitive singular masculine of <maghávan> gracious matís - noun; nominative singular feminine of <matí> thought madhyáṃdine - noun; locative singular masculine of <madhyáṃdina> midday, middle time madhyamā́sas - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <madhyamá> middle, middle one mádhye - noun; locative singular neuter of <mádhya> middle mánave - noun; dative singular masculine of <mánu> man, mankind mánas - noun; nominative singular neuter of <mánas> understanding, spirit mánase - noun; dative singular neuter of <mánas> understanding, spirit manīṣā́ - noun; nominative singular feminine of <manīṣā́> thought, expression of thought máyas - noun; accusative singular neuter of <máyas> happiness mayobhúvā - adjective; instrumental singular neuter of <mayobhū́> bringing happiness márīcīs - noun; accusative plural feminine of <márīci> particle of light, gleaming light marútas - noun; nominative plural masculine of <marút> Marut, storm god martabhójanam - noun; nominative singular neuter of <martabhójana> mortal sustenance mártās - noun; nominative plural masculine of <márta> mortal mártyam - noun; accusative singular masculine of <mártya> mortal man mahát - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <mahánt> great, mighty mahás - adjective; genitive singular masculine of <máh> great mahā́n - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <mahánt> great, mighty mahā́ntam - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <mahánt> great, mighty máhi - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <máh> great mahi - adjective; vocative singular feminine of <máh> great mahitvanā́ - noun; instrumental singular neuter of <mahitvaná> majesty mahitvám - noun; nominative singular neuter of <mahitvá> greatness, majesty mahī́s - adjective; accusative plural feminine of <máh> great mahé - adjective; dative singular masculine of <máh> great mahnā́ - noun; instrumental singular neuter of <mahán> greatness máhyam - personal pronoun; dative singular of <ahám> I maṃhánā - adverb; <maṃhánā> assuredly mā - personal pronoun; accusative singular enclitic form of <ahám> I mā́ - particle; <mā́> not, that not mātā́ - noun; nominative singular feminine of <mātŕ̥> mother mātúr - noun; genitive singular feminine of <mātŕ̥> mother māmahantām - verb; 3rd person plural middle imperative of <√maṃh, máṃhate> effect, bring about mā́rutam - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <mā́ruta> of the storm gods, the Maruts' mitra - noun; vocative singular masculine of <mitrá> friend, Mitra mitramahas - adjective; vocative singular masculine of <mitrámahas> friend-great, many-friended mitrás - noun; nominative singular masculine of <mitrá> friend, Mitra minanti - verb; 3rd person plural active present of <√mī, minā́ti> vary, transgress minānás - participle; nominative singular masculine present middle participle of <√mī, minā́ti> vary, transgress múmocati - verb; 3rd person singular active perfect subjunctive of <√muc, muñcáte> make free muhūrtám - noun; accusative singular masculine/neuter of <muhūrtá> moment me - personal pronoun; dative/genitive enclitic form of <ahám> I medhā́m - noun; accusative singular feminine of <medhā́> wise thought yachata - verb; 2nd person plural active imperative of <√yam, yáchati> extend, stretch out yáchati - verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√yam, yáchati> extend, stretch out yachatu - verb; 3rd person singular active imperative of <√yam, yáchati> extend, stretch out yajñávr̥ddham - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <yajñávr̥ddha> strengthened by worship yajñás - noun; nominative singular masculine of <yajñá> worship yát - relative pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which yát - relative pronoun; nominative singular neuter of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which yát - conjunction; <yát> that, when yatate - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√yat, yátate> take one's place yaté - participle; dative singular masculine present active participle of <√i, éti> go yáthā - conjunction; <yáthā> as, so that yám - relative pronoun; accusative singular masculine of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which yamám - noun; accusative singular masculine of <yamá> twin, Yama yás - relative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which yásya - relative pronoun; genitive singular masculine of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which yā́ - relative pronoun; nominative singular feminine of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which yā́t - adverb; <yā́t> so far as, in as much as yāti - verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√yā, yā́ti> go, travel yāmas - verb; 1st person plural active present of <√yā, yā́ti> go, travel yugā́ni - noun; nominative plural neuter of <yugá> generation yudhás - noun; ablative singular feminine of <yúdh> fighting yuyuyā́tām - verb; 3rd person dual active optative of <√yu, yuyóti> keep away yuyóta - verb; 2nd person plural active imperative of <√yu, yuyóti> keep away yuyótana - verb; 2nd person plural active imperative of <√yu, yuyóti> keep away yuvanyū́n - adjective; accusative plural masculine of <yuvanyú> ever young yé - relative pronoun; nominative plural masculine of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which yéna - relative pronoun; instrumental singular neuter of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which yótave - infinitive; dative infinitive from <√yu, yuyóti> keep away yónim - noun; accusative singular masculine of <yóni> home rákṣasi - verb; 2nd person singular active present of <√rakṣ, rákṣati> protect rájāṃsi - noun; accusative plural neuter of <rájas> airy space, dark region ratnabhā́jas - adjective; genitive singular feminine of <ratnabhā́j> dispensing treasure rátnam - noun; accusative singular neuter of <rátna> treasure rápas - noun; accusative singular neuter of <rápas> sickness rámadhvam - verb; 2nd person plural middle imperative of <√ram, rámate> rest, stay rayím - noun; accusative singular masculine of <rayí> possession, treasure rājati - verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√rāj, rā́jati> rule, shine rā́jā - noun; nominative singular masculine of <rā́jan> king, ruler rā́dhas - noun; accusative singular neuter of <rā́dhas> favour, gift rā́yas - noun; nominative plural masculine of <rayí> possession, treasure rāyé - noun; dative singular masculine of <rayí> possession, treasure rāsva - verb; 2nd person singular middle aorist imperative of <√rā> grant riṣás - noun; ablative singular feminine of <ríṣ> harm riśādasas - adjective; vocative plural masculine of <riśā́das> benign rudrásya - noun; genitive singular masculine of <rudrá> Rudra ruvántam - participle; accusative singular masculine present active participle of <√ru, ruváti> roar rūpā́ - noun; accusative plural neuter of <rūpá> form rocanā́ - noun; accusative plural neuter of <rocaná> sphere of light ródasī - noun; accusative dual feminine of <ródas> world vakṣáṇāsu - noun; locative plural feminine of <vakṣáṇā> fertile place vácas - noun; accusative singular neuter of <vácas> word, speech vácase - noun; dative singular neuter of <vácas> word, speech vájrabāhus - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <vájrabāhu> weapon-armed vájreṇa - noun; instrumental singular masculine of <vájra> weapon vada - verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√vad, vádati> speak vadema - verb; 1st person plural active optative of <√vad, vádati> speak vananvati - noun; vocative singular feminine of <vánanvant> lovely vánaspátīn - noun; accusative plural masculine of <vánaspáti> forest lord, tree vayám - personal pronoun; nominative of <vayám> we vayúnavat - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <vayúnavant> possessing distinction, certainty várāya - noun; dative singular masculine of <vára> wish varivovídas - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <varivovíd> providers of space varuṇa - noun; vocative singular masculine of <váruṇa> Varuna váruṇas - noun; nominative singular masculine of <váruṇa> Varuna váreṇyas - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <váreṇya> beloved vártave - infinitive; dative infinitive from <√vr̥, vr̥ṇóti> contain, hinder vas - personal pronoun; accusative/dative/genitive enclitic form of <yūyám> you (pl.) vasavas - adjective; vocative plural masculine of <vásu> good, beneficent vaśī́ - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <vaśín> having sway vasutvanám - noun; accusative singular neuter of <vasutvaná> prosperity vásyasā-vasyasā - iterative compound; <vásyasā-vasyasā> with better and better váhasi - verb; 2nd person singular active present of <√vah, váhati> conduct, bring vā - conjunction; <vā> or vā́cam - noun; accusative singular feminine of <vā́c> voice, speech vā́jasātaye - noun; dative singular feminine of <vā́jasāti> lit. strength-winning vā́jān - noun; accusative plural masculine of <vā́ja> power, strength vā́tas - noun; nominative singular masculine of <vā́ta> wind vātu - verb; 3rd person singular active imperative of <√vā, vā́ti> blow vāmásya - noun; genitive singular neuter of <vāmá> dear, beloved thing vā́ryam - noun; accusative singular neuter of <vā́rya> choice (thing), precious gift ví - preverb; <ví> apart ví caṣṭe - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√cakṣ, cáṣṭe> see + preverb; <ví> apart ví jaghāna - verb; 3rd person singular active perfect of <√han, hánti> strike, destroy + preverb; <ví> apart ví naśyatu - verb; 3rd person singular active imperative of <√naś, náśyati> be lost + preverb; <ví> apart ví yemá - verb; 2nd person plural active perfect of <√yam, yáchati> extend, stretch out + preverb; <ví> apart vikṣú - noun; locative plural feminine of <víś> settlement, folk vicakṣaṇa - adjective; vocative singular masculine of <vicakṣaṇá> far-sighted, discerning vicakṣaṇás - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <vicakṣaṇá> far-sighted, discerning vidat - verb; 3rd person singular active aorist injunctive of <√vid, vindáti> find vidáthe - noun; locative singular neuter of <vidátha> confident knowledge, wise judgement vídānas - participle; nominative singular masculine perfect middle participle of <√vid, véda> know vidúr - verb; 3rd person plural active perfect of <√vid, véda> know vidmá - verb; 1st person plural active perfect of <√vid, véda> know vidyútā - noun; instrumental singular feminine of <vidyút> lightning flash vindate - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√vid, vindáti> find vípras - noun; nominative singular masculine of <vípra> poet vivr̥ścát - verb; 3rd person singular active imperfect of <√vraśc, vr̥ścáti> cut up + preverb; <ví> apart víśvam - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <víśva> all viśvavedasas - noun; vocative plural masculine of <viśvávedas> all-knowing one víśvasya - adjective; genitive singular masculine of <víśva> all víśvā - adjective; nominative plural neuter of <víśva> all víśvāni - adjective; accusative plural neuter of <víśva> all víśvās - adjective; accusative plural feminine of <víśva> all viśvā́hā - adverb; <viśvā́hā> always víśve - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <víśva> all víśvyā - indeclinable; <víśvyā> anywhere vīra - noun; vocative singular masculine of <vīrá> hero, man, strong son vīrás - noun; nominative singular masculine of <vīrá> hero, man, strong son vīrā́n - noun; accusative plural nominative of <vīrá> hero, man, strong son vīryàm - noun; accusative singular neuter of <vīryà> heroic deed, manly strength vr̥ṇīmáhe - verb; 1st person plural middle present of <√vr̥, vr̥ṇīté> choose, accept vr̥trám - noun; accusative singular masculine of <vr̥trá> hindrance, demon, Vritra véviṣatas - participle; genitive singular masculine present active intensive participle of <√viṣ, viveṣṭi> be active vaivasvatám - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <vaivasvatá> son of Vivasvat vaíśvānara - noun; vocative singular masculine of <vaiśvānará> for all men, universal vaiśvānarás - noun; nominative singular masculine of <vaiśvānará> for all men, universal vaiśvānarásya - noun; genitive singular masculine of <vaiśvānará> for all men, universal vyúṣi - noun; locative singular feminine of <vyúṣ> brightening vratám - noun; accusative singular neuter of <vratá> holy law, divine commandment vratā́ni - noun; accusative plural neuter of <vratá> holy law, divine commandment vrataís - noun; instrumental plural neuter of <vratá> holy law, divine commandment śakune - noun; vocative singular masculine of <śakúni> (a kind of bird) śakunte - noun; vocative singular masculine of <śakúnti> (a kind of bird) sákhāyas - noun; nominative plural masculine of <sákhi> friend sacantām - verb; 3rd person plural middle imperative of <√sac, sácate> accompany sácā - adverb; <sácā> at the same time sajātyàm - noun; nominative singular neuter of <sajātyà> kinship sajóṣasas - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <sajóṣas> accordant satyám - adjective; nominative singular neuter of <satyá> true sadā́vr̥dhā - adjective; nominative singular feminine of <sadā́vr̥dha> ever-beneficent śáṃtāti - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <śáṃtāti> blessed saṃdŕ̥śi - noun; locative singular feminine of <saṃdŕ̥ś> sight śám - indeclinable; <śám> blessing, blessed sám gamema - noun; 1st person plural active aorist optative of <√gam, gáchati> go + preverb; <sám> together sám gamemahi - verb; 1st person plural middle aorist optative of <√gam, gáchati> go + preverb; <sám> together sámanyavas - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <sámanyu> of the same mind samudrám - noun; accusative singular masculine of <samudrá> gathering place of waters, sea sárātayas - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <sárāti> giving together śárum - noun; accusative singular feminine of <śáru> arrow sárgataktas - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <sárgatakta> (lit.) outpouring-rushed śárdhas - noun; accusative singular neuter of <śárdhas> troop śárma - noun; accusative singular neuter of <śárman> refuge, shelter sárvas - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <sárva> whole, all savitā́ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <savitŕ̥> enlivener, Savitar savitúr - noun; genitive singular masculine of <savitŕ̥> enlivener, Savitar sávīmani - noun; locative singular neuter of <sávīman> bringing to life sás - demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it śaśvadhā́ - adverb; <śaśvadhā́> evermore sáhasā - noun; instrumental singular neuter of <sáhas> might saṃsthé - preposition; <saṃsthé> in amongst sā́ - demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular feminine of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it sākám - preposition; <sākám> together síndhum - noun; accusative singular masculine/feminine of <síndhu> river síndhus - noun; nominative singular masculine/feminine of <síndhu> river sú - particle; <sú> well, surely sugébhis - adjective; instrumental plural neuter of <sugá> good passage sucákṣasas - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <sucákṣas> well-sighted sudānavas - adjective; vocative plural masculine of <sudā́nu> generous, liberal suparṇás - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <suparṇá> finely-plumed supāṇís - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <supāṇí> lovely-handed supraṇītayas - adjective; vocative plural masculine of <supráṇīti> guiding safely supráṇītī - noun; instrumental singular feminine of <supráṇīti> safe guidance sumaṅgálas - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <sumaṅgála> auspicious, bringing luck sumataú - noun; locative singular feminine of <sumatí> good thought, favour sumánasas - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <sumánas> good-minded, well-disposed sumnám - noun; accusative singular neuter <sumná> favour, boon sumnā́ya - noun; dative singular neuter of <sumná> favour, boon suvitā́ya - noun; dative singular neuter of <suvitá> well-being suvī́rās - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <suvī́ra> of good manhood suṣṭutís - noun; nominative singular feminine of <suṣṭutí> fine hymn of praise susaraṇám - noun; accusative singular neuter of <susaraṇá> good passage suśaraṇā́ya - noun; dative singular masculine of <suśaraṇá> good shelterer, good protector suśármabhis - adjective; instrumental plural masculine of <suśárman> of good shelter, tutelary suhávas - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <suháva> easily invoked sūnárī - noun; nominative singular feminine of <sūnárī> fair lady sūnávas - noun; nominative plural masculine of <sūnú> son sūnús - noun; nominative singular masculine of <sūnú> son sūnū́n - noun; accusative plural masculine of <sūnú> son sūnŕ̥tāvatī - adjective; nominative singular feminine of <sūnŕ̥tāvant> possessing joy, joyous śū́ne - noun; locative singular neuter of <śū́na> lack, want sūríbhis - noun; instrumental plural masculine of <sūrí> prince sūríbhyas - noun; dative plural masculine of <sūrí> prince sūrya - noun; vocative singular masculine of <sū́rya> sun sū́ryam - noun; accusative singular masculine of <sū́rya> sun sū́ryas - noun; nominative singular masculine of <sū́rya> sun sū́ryasya - noun; genitive singular masculine of <sū́rya> sun sū́rye - noun; locative singular masculine of <sū́rya> sun sū́ryeṇa - noun; instrumental singular masculine of <sū́rya> sun śr̥ṇvantu - verb; 3rd person plural active imperative of <√śru, śr̥ṇóti> hear somyā́ya - adjective; dative singular neuter of <somyá> inspired saúbhagāni - noun; accusative plural neuter of <saúbhaga> gift of fortune stanáyantam - participle; accusative singular masculine present active causative participle of <√stan> thunder stuṣe - verb; 1st person singular middle present of <√stu, stuṣé> praise stenás - noun; nominative singular masculine of <stená> thief stómas - noun; nominative singular masculine of <stóma> eulogy sthātúr - noun; genitive singular neuter of <sthātŕ̥> stander, standing world spārhám - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <spārhá> desirable smát - preposition; <smát> together with smā - particle; <sma, smā> indeed syás - demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <syás, syā́, tyát> that syā́ - demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular feminine of <syás, syā́, tyát> that syāma - verb; 1st person plural active optative of <√as, ásti> be syā́ma - verb; 1st person plural active optative of <√as, ásti> be śyenás - noun; nominative singular masculine of <śyená> eagle śrávas - noun; accusative singular neuter of <śrávas> fame srídham - noun; accusative singular feminine of <srídh> failure, misfortune srídhas - noun; accusative plural feminine of <srídh> failure, misfortune śrútyā - noun; accusative plural neuter of <śrútya> deed worthy of fame ślókam - noun; accusative singular masculine of <ślóka> song of praise svadhāvas - noun; vocative singular masculine of <svadhā́vant> possessing inherent power, self-powerful svadhā́s - noun; accusative plural feminine of <svadhā́> inherent power svàr - noun; accusative singular neuter of <svàr> sunlight, heaven svastí - noun; instrumental singular feminine of <svastí> wellbeing svā́ya - possessive pronoun; dative singular neuter of <svá> own svit - enclitic particle; <svit> pray? harikeśa - adjective; vocative singular masculine of <hárikeśa> gold-tressed havate - verb; 3rd person singular middle of <√hū, hávate> invoke, call upon hávam - noun; accusative singular masculine of <háva> call hí - particle; <hí> for, because himā́ - noun; instrumental singular masculine of <himá> cold, frost huvema - verb; 1st person plural active optative of <√hū, hávate> invoke, call upon hótā - noun; nominative singular masculine of <hótr̥> celebrant