Ancient Sanskrit Online

Sanskrit: Master Glossary

This Master Glossary page lists, in an alphabetical order suitable to the language and the script employed for it, every unique word form that appears in lesson texts and, for each word, its unique glosses. In addition to the gloss information, sans contextual translation, links are provided to every appearance, in every numbered lesson, of the word/gloss in question. With this index one may perform a quick "word look-up" and, in addition, study how words are used in context by clicking on their links.


ákr̥ṇod - verb; 3rd person singular active imperfect of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make aktúbhir - noun; instrumental plural masculine of <aktú> twilight ray aktúbhiḥ - noun; instrumental plural masculine of <aktú> twilight ray agníbhiḥ - noun; instrumental plural masculine of <agní> fire, Agni agnír - noun; nominative singular masculine of <agní> fire, Agni agníḥ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <agní> fire, Agni áchā - preverb; <ácha> towards ájījanat - verb; 3rd person singular active reduplicating aorist of <√jan, jánati> produce, create, bear ájmasya - noun; genitive singular masculine of <ájma> course, path ájre - noun; locative singular masculine of <ájra> plain, flatland áti riricé - verb; 3rd person singular middle perfect of <√ric, riṇákti> leave + preverb; <áti> beyond ádābhiyo - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <ádābhya> not to be deceived áditir - noun; nominative singular feminine of <áditi> freedom, Aditi áditiḥ - noun; nominative singular feminine of <áditi> freedom, Aditi adite - noun; vocative singular feminine of <áditi> freedom, Aditi áditer - noun; genitive singular feminine of <áditi> freedom, Aditi adyá - adverb; <adyá> on this day, today adruhaḥ - adjective; vocative plural masculine of <adrúh> not betraying ádvayāḥ - adjective; nominative singular feminine of <ádvayas> not duplicitous, trustworthy ádhvañ - noun; locative singular masculine of <ádhvan> way ádhvanaḥ - noun; accusative plural masculine of <ádhvan> way anamīvā́ - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <anamīvá> without sickness anayat - verb; 3rd person singular active imperfect of <√nī, náyati> lead, conduct ánāgasaḥ - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <ánāgas> without guilt anāgāstvéna - adjective; instrumental singular neuter of <anāgastvá> guiltlessness, innocence anibādhé - noun; locative singular masculine of <anibādhá> liberty ániyām - adjective; accusative singular feminine of <ánya> inexhaustible ánu - preposition; <ánu> after ánu cárantīḥ - participle; nominative plural feminine present active participle of <√car, cárati> move + preverb; <ánu> after ánu maṃsīrata - verb; 3rd person plural middle aorist optative of <√man, mányate> think + preverb; <ánu> after ánu yemuḥ - verb; 3rd person plural active perfect of <√yam, yáchati> extend, stretch out + preverb; <ánu> after anehásaḥ - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <anehás> incomparable, peerless antárikṣam - noun; accusative singular neuter of <antárikṣa> airy space, atmosphere antárikṣaṃ - noun; accusative singular neuter of <antárikṣa> airy space, atmosphere ápa - preverb; <ápa> away ápa sedhata - verb; 2nd person plural active imperative of <√sidh, sédhati> drive away + noun; accusative singular feminine of <ámati> lack of thought aparáṃ - adverb; <aparám> in the future ápā́mīvām - preverb; <ápa> away + noun; accusative singular feminine of <ámīvā> affliction ápāhan - verb; 3rd person singular active imperfect of <√han, hánti> strike, destroy + preverb; <ápa> away ápi mr̥ṣṭhā - verb; 2nd person singular middle simple aorist injunctive of <√mr̥ṣ, mŕ̥ṣyate> ignore, forget + preverb; <ápi> on apó - noun; accusative plural feminine of <áp> water ápo vyayati - verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√vyā, vyáyati> cover + preverb; <ápa> away abdimā́m̐ - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <abdimánt> consisting of storm-clouds abhí rakṣati - verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√rakṣ, rákṣati> protect + preverb; <abhí> towards abhí rakṣate - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√rakṣ, rákṣati> protect + preverb; <abhí> towards abhibhā́ - noun; nominative singular feminine of <abhibhā́> lit. shining-against abhíṣṭaye - noun; dative singular feminine of <abhíṣṭi> being at hand, ready help abhiśrī́ḥ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <abhiśrī́> sustainer amŕ̥tasya - adjective; genitive singular masculine of <amŕ̥ta> immortal, undying amŕ̥taṃ - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <amŕ̥ta> immortal, undying amr̥tā - adjective; vocative dual masculine of <amŕ̥ta> immortal, undying áyanam - noun; accusative singular neuter of <áyana> going, course ayā́saḥ - adjective; accusative plural masculine of <ayā́s> nimble aradad - verb; 3rd person singular active imperfect of <√rad, rádati> dig arapā́ - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <arapás> without sickness, wholesome aritéva - noun; nominative singular masculine of <aritŕ̥> oarsman + particle; <iva> like áriṣṭabharman - adjective; vocative singular feminine of <áriṣṭabharman> (lit.) of unbroken-support áriṣṭaḥ - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <áriṣṭa> unharmed arká - noun; nominative singular masculine of <arká> song of praise, eulogy árcāmasi - verb; 1st person plural active present of <√arc, árcati> praise arcivát - adjective; nominative singular neuter of <arcivánt> possessing rays, flaming arṇavám - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <arṇavá> billowing, foaming arthíno - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <arthín> purposeful aryamā́ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <aryamán> Aryaman áva kranda - verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√krand, krándati> cry out + preverb; <áva> down avayunáṃ - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <avayuná> without distinction, without certainty ávarāsaḥ - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <ávara> lower, more recent ávasā - noun; instrumental singular neuter of <ávas> help ávase - noun; dative singular neuter of <ávas> help avasyúr - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <avasyú> desiring help ávidhat - verb; 3rd person singular active simple aorist of <√vidh> pay homage to, honour ásad - verb; 3rd person singular active subjunctive of <√as, ásti> be aśániḥ - noun; nominative singular feminine of <aśáni> thunderbolt aśīmahi - verb; 1st person plural middle optative of <√aṃś, aśnóti> reach ásurasya - noun; genitive singular masculine of <ásura> spiritual lord asurā - noun; vocative plural masculine of <ásura> spiritual lord ástā - noun; nominative singular masculine of <ástr̥> shooter, hunter ásti - verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√as, ásti> be astu - verb; 3rd person singular active imperative of <√as, ásti> be asmád - personal pronoun; ablative of <vayám> we asmábhyaṃ - personal pronoun; dative of <vayám> we asmād - demonstrative pronoun; ablative singular masculine of <ayám, iyám, idám> this asmā́n - personal pronoun; accusative of <vayám> we asmā́m̐ - personal pronoun; accusative of <vayám> we asmé - personal pronoun; dative of <vayám> we asmai - demonstrative pronoun; dative singular masculine of <ayám, iyám, idám> this ásredhantī - participle; nominative singular feminine active participle of <√sridh, srédhati> slip, fail + privative prefix; <a-> (reverses meaning) aśvínā - noun; nominative dual masculine of <aśvín> horseman, Ashvin aśvínor - noun; genitive dual masculine of <aśvín> horseman, Ashvin áhiṃ - noun; accusative singular masculine of <áhi> snake, dragon áheḷayann - participle; nominative singular masculine present active causative participle of <√hīḍ> be hostile + privative prefix; <a-> (reverses meaning) áhnā - noun; instrumental singular neuter of <áhan> day, daylight áhnāhnā - iterative compound; <áhnā-ahnā> with repeated daylight ahve - verb; 1st person singular middle simple aorist of <√hū, hávate> invoke, call upon áṃhasaḥ - noun; ablative singular neuter of <áṃhas> trouble aṃhóś - noun; ablative singular of <aṃhú> narrowness, anxiety ā́ - preposition; <ā́> from, in ā́ gamat - verb; 3rd person singular active aorist subjunctive of <√gam, gáchati> go + noun; accusative singular feminine of <ámīvā> affliction ā́ gahi - verb; 2nd person singular active aorist imperative of <√gam, gáchati> go + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) ā́ ghóṣān - verb; 3rd person plural active subjunctive of <√ghuṣ, ghóṣate> sound + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) ā́ carati - verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√car, cárati> move + adjective; genitive singular masculine of <avamá> lowest, most recent ā́ bhara - verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√bhr̥, bhárati> bring, bear + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) ā́ vartayāmasi - verb; 1st person plural active causative of <√vr̥t, vártate> turn + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) ā́ vahatam - verb; 2nd person dual active imperative of <√vah, váhati> conduct, bring + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) ā́ viveśa - verb; 3rd person singular active perfect of <√viś, viśáte> enter, come to rest + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) ā́dityā - noun; vocative plural masculine of <ādityá> of Aditi, son of Aditi ā́dityāsa - noun; vocative plural masculine of <ādityá> of Aditi, son of Aditi ā́dityāso - noun; vocative plural masculine of <ādityá> of Aditi, son of Aditi ā́pa - noun; nominative plural feminine of <áp> water ā́piyam - noun; nominative singular neuter of <ā́pya> alliance āpr̥ṇánn - participle; nominative singular masculine present active participle of <pr̥̄, pr̥ṇā́ti> fill + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) ā́po - noun; nominative plural feminine of <áp> water ā́prā - verb; 3rd person singular active sigmatic aorist of <√prā> fill + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) āyatī́ - participle; nominative singular feminine present active participle of <√i, éti> go + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) ā́yann - verb; 3rd person plural active imperfect of <√i, éti> go āróhantam - participle; accusative singular masculine present active participle of <√ruh, róhati> rise up + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) āsúḥ - verb; 3rd person plural active perfect of <√as, ásti> be āhanā́ - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <āhanás> abundantly productive ā́m̐ - preposition; <ā́> from, in iḷás - noun; genitive singular feminine of <íḍ> refreshment ichámānāḥ - participle; nominative plural feminine present middle participle of <√iṣ, icháti> long for, desire ít - emphatic particle; <ít> indeed, just itó - adverb; <itás> from here idáṃ - demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <ayám, iyám, idám> this idā́ - adverb; <idā́> at this moment índaraṃ - noun; accusative singular masculine of <índra> Indra indra - noun; vocative singular masculine of <índra> Indra índrasya - noun; genitive singular masculine of <índra> Indra índraḥ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <índra> Indra índro - noun; nominative singular masculine of <índra> Indra invati - verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√inv, ínvati> set in motion íyakṣanto - participle; nominative plural masculine desiderative present active participle of <√yaj, yájati> worship íyarti - verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√r̥, íyarti> go, send íyarti - verb; 3rd person singular active of <√r̥, íyarti> go, send iva - particle; <iva> like íṣumān - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <íṣumant> bearing arrows íṣo - noun; accusative plural feminine of <íṣ> refreshment ihá - adverb; <ihá> here, here on earth īmahe - verb; 3rd person plural middle present of <√yā, yā́ti> approach with longing, solicit īśata - verb; 3rd person singular middle aorist injunctive of <√īś, ī́śe> have mastery over u - particle; <u> and, now ukthíyam - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <ukthyà> worthy of holy song ukthéṣu - noun; locative plural neuter of <ukthá> holy song uccárasi - verb; 2nd person singular active present of <√car, cárati> move + preverb; <út> up uchad ápa - verb; 3rd person singular active injunctive of <√vas, ucháti> shine + preverb; <ápa> away uchántī - participle; nominative singular feminine present active participle of <√vas, ucháti> shine út ihi - verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√i, éti> go + preverb; <út> up utá - conjunction; <utá> and utā́matim - conjunction; <utá> and + noun; accusative singular feminine of <ámati> lack of thought utā́vamásya - conjunction; <utá> and + adjective; genitive singular masculine of <avamá> lowest, most recent úttarā - adjective; nominative plural neuter of <úttara> higher, future úd ayān - verb; 3rd person singular active sigmatic aorist of <√yam, yáchati> extend, stretch out + preverb; <út> up úd ásthād - verb; 3rd person singular active simple aorist of <√sthā, tíṣṭhati> stand + preverb; <út> up úd aśyāḥ - verb; 3rd person singular active aorist optative of <√aṃś, aśnóti> reach + preverb; <út> up úd vadhīn - verb; 3rd person singular active aorist injunctive of <√vadh> slay + preverb; <út> up úd sr̥jate - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√sr̥j, sr̥játi> let go + preverb; <út> up udanimā́m̐ - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <udanimánt> rich in water udyatí - participle; locative singular masculine present active participle of <√i, éti> go + preverb; <út> up udyán - participle; nominative singular neuter present active participle of <√i, éti> go + emphatic particle; <ít> indeed, just udyántaṃ - participle; accusative singular masculine present active participle of <√i, éti> go + preverb; <út> up úpa - preposition; <úpa> up to úpa ā́m̐ ásr̥kṣi - verb; 1st person singular middle sigmatic aorist of <√sr̥j, sr̥játi> let go + preverb; <úpa> up to + preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) úpa stuhi - verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√stu, stuṣé> praise + preverb; <úpa> up to úpa stheyāma - verb; 1st person plural active simple aorist optative of <√sthā, tíṣṭhati> stand + preverb; <úpa> up to upabrávāmahai - verb; 1st person plural middle subjunctive of <√brū, brávīti> say + preverb; <úpa> up to úpastutim - noun; accusative singular feminine of <úpastuti> paean of praise úpastutīnām - noun; genitive plural feminine of <úpastuti> paean of praise ubháyasya - adjective; genitive singular neuter of <ubháya> both urú - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <urú> broad, spacious urucákrayo - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <urucákri> (lit.) space-making uraú - adjective; locative singular masculine of <urú> broad, spacious urvī́ḥ - adjective; nominative plural feminine of <urú> broad, spacious uṣásam - noun; accusative singular feminine of <uṣás> dawn uṣā́ - noun; nominative singular feminine of <uṣás> dawn uṣo - noun; vocative singular feminine of <uṣás> dawn úṣo - noun; vocative singular feminine of <uṣás> dawn usríyāḥ - noun; accusative plural feminine of <usríyā> beam ūtiyā́ - noun; instrumental singular feminine of <ūtí> help ūrdhvó - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <ūrdhvá> upright, straight r̥táṃ - noun; accusative singular neuter of <r̥tá> Truth ŕ̥tāvarīr - adjective; vocative plural feminine of <r̥tā́van> possessed of Truth, holy r̥té - preposition; <r̥té> without ŕ̥dhag - adverb; <ŕ̥dhak> separately, on one side etád - demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <eṣás, eṣā́, etát> this edhate - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√edh, édhate> thrive énasaḥ - noun; ablative singular neuter of <énas> sin énasvantaṃ - noun; accusative singular masculine of <énasvant> possessing sin enā́ - adverb; <enā́> in this way evá - adverb; <evá> so, just évaiḥ - noun; instrumental plural masculine of <éva> going, course eṣá - demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <eṣás, eṣā́, etát> this eṣā́ - demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular feminine of <eṣás, eṣā́, etát> this ótá - preverb; <ā́> (intensifies or reverses meaning) + conjunction; <utá> and óṣadhī - noun; accusative plural feminine of <óṣadhi> plant óṣadhīr - noun; accusative plural feminine of <óṣadhi> plant katamáḥ - interrogative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <katamás, katamā́, katamát> who, which (of many) kadā́ - interrogative adverb; <kadā́> when? kánikradaj - participle; nominative singular masculine present active intensive participle of <√krand, krándati> cry out kánikradat - participle; nominative singular masculine present active intensive participle of <√krand, krándati> cry out kám - interrogative pronoun; accusative singular masculine of <kás, kā́, kát, kím> who, which, what? kam - particle; <kam> indeed karac - verb; 3rd person singular active aorist subjunctive of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make karato - verb; 3rd person dual active aorist subjunctive of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make karad - verb; 3rd person singular active aorist subjunctive of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make kárma - noun; accusative singular neuter of <kárman> act, deed kavíḥ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <kaví> sage kás - interrogative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <kás, kā́, kát, kím> who, which, what? kā́ cid - interrogative pronoun; nominative singular feminine of <kás, kā́, kát, kím> who, which, what? + particle; <cit> even, all kā́mo - noun; nominative singular masculine of <kā́ma> longing kāro - noun; vocative singular masculine of <kārú> bard kā́su - interrogative pronoun; locative plural feminine of <kás, kā́, kát, kím> who, which, what? kiṃyúr - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <kiṃyú> what-desiring? kuśikásya - noun; genitive singular masculine of <kuśiká> Kushika kúha - interrogative adverb; <kúha> where? kr̥ṇuta - verb; 2nd person plural active imperative of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make kr̥ṇute - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make kr̥ṇuthā - verb; 2nd person plural active present of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make kr̥ṇoti - verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make kr̥ṇóṣi - verb; 2nd person singular active present of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make ketúnā - noun; instrumental singular masculine of <ketú> appearance, shining out, ray - interrogative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <kás, kā́, kát, kím> who, which, what? krátum - noun; accusative singular masculine of <krátu> power, intellectual ability kṣáyaṃ - noun; accusative singular masculine of <kṣáya> home kṣáyāya - noun; dative singular masculine of <kṣáya> home gíram - noun; accusative singular feminine of <gír> song gírvāhasaṃ - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <gírvāhas> brought by song gīrbhír - noun; instrumental plural feminine of <gír> song gr̥ṇánto - participle; nominative plural masculine present active participle of <√gr̥, gr̥ṇā́ti> sing gr̥hā́ṇāṃ - noun; genitive plural masculine of <gr̥há> house gómataḥ - adjective; accusative plural masculine of <gómant> consisting of cattle ghr̥ṇéna - noun; instrumental singular masculine of <ghr̥ṇá> warmth ca - conjunction; <ca> and cakāra - verb; 3rd person singular active perfect of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make cakā́ra - verb; 3rd person singular active perfect of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make cákṣasā - noun; instrumental singular neuter of <cákṣas> seeing, sight cákṣase - noun; dative singular neuter of <cákṣas> seeing, sight cákṣuṣe-cakṣuṣe - iterative compound; <cákṣuṣe-cakṣuṣe> to every eye cátasraḥ - numeral; accusative plural feminine of <catúr> four cáturbhr̥ṣṭim - adjective; accusative singular feminine of <cáturbhr̥ṣṭi> four-cornered cátuṣpādo - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <cátuṣpad> four-footed citrám - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <citrá> bright, radiant citráṃ - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <citrá> bright, radiant cid - particle; <cit> even, all cérate - conjunction; <ca> and + verb; 3rd person plural middle present of <√r̥, íyarti> go, send codayitrī́ - noun; nominative singular feminine of <codayitrī́> rouser chám - indeclinable; <śám> blessing, blessed chardír - noun; accusative singular neuter of <chardís> protection, shield cháṃ - indeclinable; <śám> blessing, blessed jágat - noun; accusative singular neuter of <jágat> moving world jágata - noun; genitive singular neuter of <jágat> moving world jágan - noun; accusative singular neuter of <jágat> moving world jagā́ma - verb; 3rd person singular active perfect of <√gam, gáchati> go jánaṃ - noun; accusative singular masculine of <jána> person, people janúṣam - noun; accusative singular masculine of <janús> descent, kind jaraṇā́m - noun; accusative singular feminine of <jaraṇā́> old age jaritar - noun; vocative singular masculine of <jaritŕ̥> singer jātó - verbal adjective; nominative singular masculine of past participle of <√jan, jánati> produce, create, bear jā́yamānām - adjective; accusative singular feminine of present middle participle of <√jā, jā́yate> be born jiyóg - adverb; <jyók> for a long time jīrā́ - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <jīrá> eager jī́vanto - participle; nominative plural masculine present active participle of <√jīv, jī́vati> be alive jīváse - infinitive; dative infinitive from <√jīv, jī́vati> be alive jīvā́ḥ - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <jīvá> alive, living johavīti - verb; 3rd person singular active present intensive of <√hū, hávate> invoke, call upon jyótir - noun; accusative singular neuter of <jyótis> light jyótiṣ - noun; accusative singular neuter of <jyótis> light ta - personal pronoun; dative/genitive singular enclitic form of <tvám> you tác - demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it tát - adverb; <tát> then tát - demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it tát - demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular neuter of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it tatanvát - participle; accusative singular neuter perfect active participle of <√tan, tanute> stretch, stretch out tád - demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it tád - adverb; <tát> then tán - demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it tapatu - verb; 3rd person singular active imperative of <√tap, tápati> heat, warm tám - demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular masculine of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it támo - noun; accusative singular neuter of <támas> darkness táva - personal pronoun; genitive singular of <tvám> you távéd - personal pronoun; genitive singular of <tvám> you + emphatic particle; <ít> indeed, just tásya - demonstrative pronoun; genitive singular masculine of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it tásyās - demonstrative pronoun; genitive singular feminine of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it táṃ - demonstrative pronoun; accusative singular masculine of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it tā́ - demonstrative pronoun; accusative plural neuter of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it tā́t - adverb; <tā́t> so tisrá - numeral; accusative plural feminine of <tisŕ̥> three tisró - numeral; accusative plural feminine of <tisŕ̥> three - particle; <tú> then, but tucé - noun; dative singular feminine of <túc> offspring te - personal pronoun; dative/genitive singular enclitic form of <tvám> you - demonstrative pronoun; nominative plural masculine of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it tmánā - noun; instrumental singular masculine of <tmán> nature, self tyā́ - demonstrative pronoun; nominative dual masculine of <syás, syā́, tyát> that trā́yante - verb; 3rd person plural middle present of <√trā> rescue, protect tribhír - numeral; instrumental plural neuter of <trí> three trír - adverb; <trís> thrice trivárūtham - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <trivárūtha> with threefold protection trī́ - numeral; accusative neuter of <trí> three trī́ṇi - numeral; accusative neuter of <trí> three tvā - personal pronoun; accusative singular enclitic form of <tvám> you dakṣiṇató - adverb; <dakṣiṇatás> from the right side dadhá - verb; 2nd person plural active perfect of <√dhā, dádhāti> place, grant dā́śati - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√dāś, dā́śati> worship dāśúṣe - noun; dative singular masculine of <dāśvā́ṃs> the one worshipping diva - noun; genitive singular masculine of <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day dívam - noun; accusative singular masculine of <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day dívaṃ - noun; accusative singular masculine of <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day diváḥ - noun; genitive singular masculine of <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day dívaḥ - noun; accusative plural feminine of <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day dívā - adverb; <dívā> by day diví - noun; locative singular masculine of <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day diviyā́ni - adjective; accusative plural neuter of <divyá> heavenly divé-dive - iterative compound; <divé-dive> day after day divó - noun; genitive singular masculine of <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day divo - noun; genitive singular masculine of <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day dīrghaśrúttamam - adjective; nominative singular neuter of <dīrghaśrúttama> most widely known, famed duroṇé - noun; locative singular neuter of <duroṇá> home durgé - noun; locative singular neuter of <durgá> hard way durmatím - noun; accusative singular feminine of <durmatí> bad thought, envy durmataú - noun; locative singular feminine of <durmatí> bad thought, envy duhitar - noun; vocative singular feminine of <duhitŕ̥> daughter duhitā́ - noun; nominative singular feminine of <duhitŕ̥> daughter duhitúr - noun; genitive singular feminine of <duhitŕ̥> daughter dūrakám - adverb; <dūrakám> far away dr̥śé - infinitive; dative infinitive of <√dr̥ś> see, appear devákr̥taṃ - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <devákr̥ta> god-made devásya - noun; genitive singular masculine of <devá> divine, god deváṃ-devam - iterative compound; <deváṃ-devam> god after god deváṃ-devaṃ - iterative compound; <deváṃ-devam> god after god deváḥ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <devá> divine, god devā - noun; vocative plural masculine of <devá> divine, god devā́ - noun; nominative plural masculine of <devá> divine, god devā́so - noun; nominative plural masculine of <devá> divine, god dévāso - noun; vocative plural masculine of <devá> divine, god devi - noun; vocative singular feminine of <devī́> divine, goddess deviyā́ - adjective; instrumental singular feminine of <devī́> divine, goddess devébhir - noun; instrumental plural masculine of <devá> divine, god devó - noun; nominative singular masculine of <devá> divine, god devó-devaḥ - iterative compound; <devó-devas> god after god daívyā - adjective; nominative dual masculine of <daívya> divine dyā́vāpr̥thivī́ - noun; nominative dual feminine of <dyā́vāpr̥thivī́> Heaven and Earth dyaúḥ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <dyú, dív> sky, heaven, day dráviṇaṃ - noun; accusative singular neuter of <dráviṇa> provision drāpím - noun; accusative singular masculine of <drāpí> mantle dvipā́daś - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <dvipád> two-footed dvéṣaḥ - noun; accusative neuter singular of <dvéṣas> hatred dvéṣāṃsi - noun; accusative plural neuter of <dvéṣas> hatred dhartā́ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <dhartŕ̥> supporter, upholder dhármaṇas - noun; ablative singular neuter of <dhárman> support, fixed order dhármaṇe - noun; dative singular neuter of <dhárman> support, fixed order dhāt - verb; 3rd person singular active aorist injunctive of <√dhā, dádhāti> place, grant dhā́ma - noun; accusative singular neuter of <dhā́man> foundation, just law, precept dhā́mabhyo - noun; dative plural neuter of <dhā́man> foundation, just law, precept dhiyā́ - noun; instrumental singular feminine of <dhī́> thought dhūrtír - noun; nominative singular feminine of <dhūrtí> injury dhr̥távrato - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <dhr̥távrata> whose command is firm dhehi - verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√dhā, dádhāti> place, grant na - personal pronoun; accusative/dative/genitive enclitic form of <vayám> we - particle; <ná> not náktam - adverb; <náktam> by night nákṣatram - noun; nominative singular neuter of <nákṣatra> star nadíyo - noun; accusative plural feminine of <nadī́> stream nadī́nām - noun; genitive plural feminine of <nadī́> stream námas - noun; nominative singular neuter of <námas> honour namasyúr - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <namasyú> honouring návyasīṃ - adjective; accusative singular feminine of <návyāṃs> newer návyase - comparative adjective; dative singular neuter of <návyāṃs> newer nas - personal pronoun; accusative/dative/genitive enclitic form of <vayám> we naḥ - personal pronoun; accusative/dative/genitive enclitic form of <vayám> we nā́vam - noun; accusative singular feminine of <naú> boat ní áviśran - verb; 3rd person plural middle simple aorist of <√viś, viśáte> enter, come to rest + preverb; <ní> down ní kaḥ - verb; 2nd person singular active simple aorist injunctive of <√kr̥, kr̥ṇóti> do, make + preverb; <ní> down ní viśánte - verb; 3rd person plural middle present of <√viś, viśáte> enter, come to rest + preverb; <ní> down niáñcanaṃ - noun; accusative singular of <nyáñcana> downward slope nimrúci - noun; locative singular feminine of <nimrúc> setting, sunset nivéśano - noun; nominative singular masculine of <nivéśana> the source of rest niveśáyan - participle; nominative singular masculine present active causative participle of <√viś, viśáte> enter, come to rest + preverb; <ní> down - adverb; <nú> now nū́tanāsa - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <nū́tana> now existing nū́tanena - adjective; instrumental singular neuter of <nū́tana> now existing nūnám - adverb; <nūnám> now no - personal pronoun; accusative/dative/genitive enclitic form of <vayám> we patayiṣṇávaḥ - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <patayiṣṇú> flying pátiṃ - noun; accusative singular masculine of <páti> lord páyasā - noun; instrumental singular neuter of <páyas> fruitfulness, plenty párāṇi - adjective; accusative plural neuter of <pára> former, farther parāváto - noun; accusative plural feminine of <parāvát> distance párāḥ - adjective; accusative plural feminine of <pára> former, farther pári - preposition; <pári> around, out of paridhíṃ - noun; accusative singular masculine of <paridhí> surrounder, imprisoner paribhū́s - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <paribhū́> encompassing pariṣádas - noun; accusative plural masculine of <pariṣád> surrounding thing, coil paró - adverb; <parás> in the distance párvatān - noun; accusative plural masculine of <párvata> mountain paśúm - noun; accusative singular masculine of <paśú> cattle pā́jasas - noun; ablative singular neuter of <pā́jas> radiance, lustre pātu - verb; 3rd person singular active imperative of <√pā, pā́ti> protect pā́rthivā - adjective; accusative plural neuter of <pā́rthiva> earthly pítryām - adjective; accusative singular feminine of <pítrya> of the fathers pínvamānās - participle; nominative plural feminine present middle participle of <√pī, pínvati> swell, yield abundantly piśáṅgam - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <piśáṅga> variegated putrā́so - noun; nominative plural masculine of <putrá> son purājā́ḥ - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <purājā́> born aforetime purú - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <purú> much, many purukr̥t - adjective; vocative singular masculine of <purukŕ̥t> doing much purupriye - adjective; vocative singular feminine of <purupriyá> much loved purumāyásya - adjective; genitive singular masculine of <purumāyá> wonderful puruṣatrā́ - adverb; <puruṣatrā́> as a man puruhūta - adjective; vocative singular nominative of <puruhūtá> much invoked pū́rvasmai - adjective; dative singular neuter of <pū́rva> former, previous pr̥chánto - participle; nominative plural masculine present active participle of <√prach, pr̥cháti> ask, ask for pr̥thivī́ - noun; nominative singular feminine of <pr̥thivī́> earth pr̥thivī́m - noun; accusative singular feminine of <pr̥thivī́> earth pr̥thivī́s - noun; accusative plural feminine of <pr̥thivī́> earth pr̥thivī́ṃ - noun; accusative singular feminine of <pr̥thivī́> earth pr̥thivyā́m - noun; locative singular feminine of <pr̥thivī́> earth pr̥thivyā́ḥ - noun; ablative singular feminine of <pr̥thivī́> earth pŕ̥ṣadaśvām̐ - adjective; accusative plural masculine of <pŕ̥ṣadaśva> with white-flecked horses pr̥ṣṭó - verbal adjective; nominative singular masculine of past participle of <√prach, pr̥cháti> ask, ask for prá - preverb; <prá> forth prá aśyāḥ - verb; 3rd person singular active aorist optative of <√aṃś, aśnóti> reach + preverb; <prá> forth prá asrāk - verb; 3rd person singular active sigmatic aorist of <√sr̥j, sr̥játi> let go + preverb; <prá> forth prá ī́rate - verb; 3rd person plural middle present of <√r̥, íyarti> go, send + preverb; <prá> forth prá ukṣámāṇaḥ - participle; nominative singular masculine present middle participle of <√ukṣ, ukṣáte> sprinkle + preverb; <prá> forth prá jāyate - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√jā, jā́yate> be born + preverb; <prá> forth prá tirate - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√tr̥̄, tiráti> cross + preverb; <prá> forth prá bhare - verb; 1st person singular middle present of <√bhr̥, bhárati> bring, bear + preverb; <prá> forth prá vocata - verb; 2nd person plural active simple aorist imperative of <√vac> speak + preverb; <prá> forth prá śaṃsāmi - verb; 1st person singular present active of <√śaṃs, śáṃsati> praise + preverb; <prá> forth prakhyaí - infinitive; dative infinitive of <√khyā> look upon + preverb; <prá> forth pracā́kaśad - participle; nominative singular masculine present active intensive participle of <√kāś, cā́kaśīti> observe, pay attention to + preverb; <abhí> towards prácetasaḥ - adjective; genitive singular masculine of <prácetas> mindful prajā́patiḥ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <prajā́pati> creature-lord, lord of creatures prajā́bhiyo - noun; dative plural feminine of <prajā́> creature, progeny prajā́bhir - noun; instrumental plural feminine of <prajā́> creature, progeny prajā́vanto - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <prajā́vant> having progeny práti abhutsmahi - verb; 1st person plural middle sigmatic aorist of <√budh, bódhati> wake, observe + preverb; <práti> against práti juṣasva - verb; 2nd person singular middle imperative of <√juṣ, juṣáte> enjoy + preverb; <práti> against práti paśyema - verb; 1st person plural active optative of <√paś, páśyati> see + preverb; <práti> against práti muñcate - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√muc, muñcáte> make free + preverb; <práti> against pratnā́ - adjective; accusative plural neuter of <pratná> ancient pratnā́sa - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <pratná> ancient práty adarśi - verb; 3rd person singular passive aorist of <√dr̥ś> see, appear + emphatic particle; <ít> indeed, just pratháyann - participle; nominative singular masculine present active causative participle of <√prath, práthate> spread pradíśaṃ - noun; accusative singular feminine of <pradíś> direction, region pradíśo - noun; accusative plural feminine of <pradíś> direction, region prabúdhi - noun; locative singular feminine of <prabúdh> wakening prabruvāṇá - participle; nominative singular masculine present middle participle of <√brū, brávīti> say + preverb; <prá> forth praváto - noun; genitive singular feminine of <pravát> mountain slope, height pravā́ciyaṃ - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <pravā́cya> to be celebrated prasaváḥ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <prasavá> (lit.) forth-impelling prasavītā́ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <prasavītŕ̥> enlivener prasavé - noun; locative singular masculine of <prasavá> (lit.) forth-impelling prasuvánn - participle; nominative singular masculine present active participle of <sū, suváti> generate, impel + preverb; <prá> forth prā́srāg - verb; 3rd person singular active sigmatic aorist of <√sr̥j, sr̥játi> let go + preverb; <prá> forth príyakṣatrā - adjective; vocative plural masculine of <priyákṣatra> ruling benevolently préṣito - participle; nominative singular masculine past participle of <√iṣ, íṣyati> send + preverb; <prá> forth praíṣá - preverb; <prá> forth + demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <eṣás, eṣā́, etát> this bāhū́ - noun; accusative dual masculine of <bāhú> arm bíbhrataṃ - participle; accusative singular masculine present active participle of <√bhr̥, bhárati> bring, bear br̥hatáḥ - adjective; ablative singular neuter of <br̥hánt> high, lofty br̥hatī́ - adjective; nominative singular feminine of <br̥hánt> high, lofty br̥ható - adjective; accusative plural masculine of <br̥hánt> high, lofty br̥hátsumnaḥ - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <br̥hátsumna> lofty-favoured br̥hád - adverb; <br̥hát> on high bodhi - verb; 2nd person singular active aorist imperative of <√budh, bódhati> wake, observe brahmavāho - adjective; vocative singular masculine of <bráhmavāhas> brought by prayer bhaktáye - noun; dative singular feminine of <bhaktí> distribution bhakténa - noun; instrumental singular of <bhaktá> what is apportioned bhadravādī́ - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <bhadravādín> of fortunate pronouncement bhadráṃ - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <bhadrá> fortunate, happy bhava - verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√bhū, bhávati> be bhávantu - verb; 3rd person plural active imperative of <√bhū, bhávati> be bhávāsi - verb; 2nd person singular active subjunctive of <√bhū, bhávati> be bhávyaṃ - verbal adjective; accusative singular neuter of future passive participle of <√bhū, bhávati> be bhānúnā - noun; instrumental singular masculine of <bhānú> brightness, shining bhā́svantaṃ - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <bhā́svant> possessing light, brightness bhiṣájā - noun; nominative dual masculine of <bhiṣáj> healer bhunájāmahai - verb; 1st person plural middle subjunctive of <√bhuj, bhuñjáte> turn to account bhúvanasya - noun; genitive singular neuter of <bhúvana> being, existence bhúvanānām - noun; genitive plural neuter of <bhúvana> being, existence bhúvanāni - noun; nominative plural neuter of <bhúvana> being, existence bhúvanāni - noun; accusative plural neuter of <bhúvana> being, existence bhūtáṃ - verbal adjective; accusative singular neuter of past participle of <√bhū, bhávati> be bhūtu - verb; 3rd person singular active aorist imperative of <√bhū, bhávati> be bhūma - verb; 1st person plural active aorist injunctive of of <√bhū, bhávati> be bhū́miṃ - noun; accusative singular feminine of <bhū́mi> earth, land makṣū́ - adverb; <makṣū́> swiftly, soon maghávānaḥ - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <maghávan> gracious maghónaḥ - adjective; genitive singular masculine of <maghávan> gracious matír - noun; nominative singular feminine of <matí> thought mádhya - noun; locative singular neuter of <mádhya> middle madhyáṃdine - noun; locative singular masculine of <madhyáṃdina> midday, middle time madhyamā́sa - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <madhyamá> middle, middle one mánave - noun; dative singular masculine of <mánu> man, mankind mánase - noun; dative singular neuter of <mánas> understanding, spirit manīṣā́ - noun; nominative singular feminine of <manīṣā́> thought, expression of thought máno - noun; nominative singular neuter of <mánas> understanding, spirit máyas - noun; accusative singular neuter of <máyas> happiness máyaḥ - noun; accusative singular neuter of <máyas> happiness mayobhúvā - adjective; instrumental singular neuter of <mayobhū́> bringing happiness márīcīḥ - noun; accusative plural feminine of <márīci> particle of light, gleaming light marúto - noun; nominative plural masculine of <marút> Marut, storm god martabhójanaṃ - noun; nominative singular neuter of <martabhójana> mortal sustenance mártā - noun; nominative plural masculine of <márta> mortal mártiyaṃ - noun; accusative singular masculine of <mártya> mortal man mahád - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <mahánt> great, mighty mahā́ntam - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <mahánt> great, mighty mahā́m̐ - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <mahánt> great, mighty mahi - adjective; vocative singular feminine of <máh> great máhi - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <máh> great mahitvanā́ - noun; instrumental singular neuter of <mahitvaná> majesty mahitvám - noun; nominative singular neuter of <mahitvá> greatness, majesty mahī́r - adjective; accusative plural feminine of <máh> great mahé - adjective; dative singular masculine of <máh> great mahó - adjective; genitive singular masculine of <máh> great mahnā́ - noun; instrumental singular neuter of <mahán> greatness máhyam - personal pronoun; dative singular of <ahám> I maṃhánā - adverb; <maṃhánā> assuredly - personal pronoun; accusative singular enclitic form of <ahám> I mā́ - particle; <mā́> not, that not mā́gháśaṃso - particle; <mā́> not, that not + adjective; nominative singular masculine of <agháśaṃsa> of wicked praise + adjective; nominative singular masculine of <agháśaṃsa> of wicked praise mātā́ - noun; nominative singular feminine of <mātŕ̥> mother mātúr - noun; genitive singular feminine of <mātŕ̥> mother mā́pi - particle; <mā́> not, that not + preverb; <ápi> on māmahantām - verb; 3rd person plural middle imperative of <√maṃh, máṃhate> effect, bring about mā́rutaṃ - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <mā́ruta> of the storm gods, the Maruts' mitra - noun; vocative singular masculine of <mitrá> friend, Mitra mitramaho - adjective; vocative singular masculine of <mitrámahas> friend-great, many-friended mitró - noun; nominative singular masculine of <mitrá> friend, Mitra minanti - verb; 3rd person plural active present of <√mī, minā́ti> vary, transgress minānó - participle; nominative singular masculine present middle participle of <√mī, minā́ti> vary, transgress múmocati - verb; 3rd person singular active perfect subjunctive of <√muc, muñcáte> make free muhūrtám - noun; accusative singular masculine/neuter of <muhūrtá> moment me - personal pronoun; dative/genitive enclitic form of <ahám> I medhā́ṃ - noun; accusative singular feminine of <medhā́> wise thought - relative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which yachata - verb; 2nd person plural active imperative of <√yam, yáchati> extend, stretch out yáchati - verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√yam, yáchati> extend, stretch out yachatu - verb; 3rd person singular active imperative of <√yam, yáchati> extend, stretch out yajñávr̥ddham - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <yajñávr̥ddha> strengthened by worship yajñó - noun; nominative singular masculine of <yajñá> worship yát - conjunction; <yát> that, when yát - relative pronoun; accusative singular neuter of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which yát - relative pronoun; nominative singular neuter of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which yatate - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√yat, yátate> take one's place yaté - participle; dative singular masculine present active participle of <√i, éti> go yáthā - conjunction; <yáthā> as, so that yád - conjunction; <yát> that, when yád - relative pronoun; nominative singular neuter of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which yán - conjunction; <yát> that, when yán - relative pronoun; nominative singular neuter of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which yamáṃ - noun; accusative singular masculine of <yamá> twin, Yama yás - relative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which yásya - relative pronoun; genitive singular masculine of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which yáṃ - relative pronoun; accusative singular masculine of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which yā́ - relative pronoun; nominative singular feminine of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which yāti - verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√yā, yā́ti> go, travel yā́d - adverb; <yā́t> so far as, in as much as yāma - verb; 1st person plural active present of <√yā, yā́ti> go, travel yugā́ni - noun; nominative plural neuter of <yugá> generation yudháḥ - noun; ablative singular feminine of <yúdh> fighting yuyuyā́tām - verb; 3rd person dual active optative of <√yu, yuyóti> keep away yuyótanā - verb; 2nd person plural active imperative of <√yu, yuyóti> keep away yuyótā - verb; 2nd person plural active imperative of <√yu, yuyóti> keep away yuvanyū́m̐r - adjective; accusative plural masculine of <yuvanyú> ever young - relative pronoun; nominative plural masculine of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which yéna - relative pronoun; instrumental singular neuter of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which - relative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <yás, yā́, yát> who, which yótave - infinitive; dative infinitive from <√yu, yuyóti> keep away yóniṃ - noun; accusative singular masculine of <yóni> home rákṣasi - verb; 2nd person singular active present of <√rakṣ, rákṣati> protect rájāṃsi - noun; accusative plural neuter of <rájas> airy space, dark region ratnabhā́ja - adjective; genitive singular feminine of <ratnabhā́j> dispensing treasure rátnaṃ - noun; accusative singular neuter of <rátna> treasure rápo - noun; accusative singular neuter of <rápas> sickness rámadhvam - verb; 2nd person plural middle imperative of <√ram, rámate> rest, stay rayíṃ - noun; accusative singular masculine of <rayí> possession, treasure rājati - verb; 3rd person singular active present of <√rāj, rā́jati> rule, shine rā́jā - noun; nominative singular masculine of <rā́jan> king, ruler rā́dha - noun; accusative singular neuter of <rā́dhas> favour, gift rāyé - noun; dative singular masculine of <rayí> possession, treasure rā́yo - noun; nominative plural masculine of <rayí> possession, treasure rāsva - verb; 2nd person singular middle aorist imperative of <√rā> grant riṣáḥ - noun; ablative singular feminine of <ríṣ> harm riśādaso - adjective; vocative plural masculine of <riśā́das> benign rudrásya - noun; genitive singular masculine of <rudrá> Rudra ruvántam - participle; accusative singular masculine present active participle of <√ru, ruváti> roar rūpā́ - noun; accusative plural neuter of <rūpá> form rocanā́ - noun; accusative plural neuter of <rocaná> sphere of light ródasī - noun; accusative dual feminine of <ródas> world va - personal pronoun; accusative/dative/genitive enclitic form of <yūyám> you (pl.) vakṣáṇāsu - noun; locative plural feminine of <vakṣáṇā> fertile place vácase - noun; dative singular neuter of <vácas> word, speech vácaḥ - noun; accusative singular neuter of <vácas> word, speech váco - noun; accusative singular neuter of <vácas> word, speech vájrabāhur - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <vájrabāhu> weapon-armed vájreṇa - noun; instrumental singular masculine of <vájra> weapon vadema - verb; 1st person plural active optative of <√vad, vádati> speak vadehá - verb; 2nd person singular active imperative of <√vad, vádati> speak + adverb; <ihá> here, here on earth vananvati - noun; vocative singular feminine of <vánanvant> lovely vánaspátīm̐r - noun; accusative plural masculine of <vánaspáti> forest lord, tree vayám - personal pronoun; nominative of <vayám> we vayáṃ - personal pronoun; nominative of <vayám> we vayúnavac - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <vayúnavant> possessing distinction, certainty várāya - noun; dative singular masculine of <vára> wish varivovídaḥ - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <varivovíd> providers of space varuṇa - noun; vocative singular masculine of <váruṇa> Varuna váruṇaḥ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <váruṇa> Varuna váruṇo - noun; nominative singular masculine of <váruṇa> Varuna váreṇiyaḥ - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <váreṇya> beloved vártave - infinitive; dative infinitive from <√vr̥, vr̥ṇóti> contain, hinder vasavo - adjective; vocative plural masculine of <vásu> good, beneficent vaśī́ - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <vaśín> having sway vasutvanáṃ - noun; accusative singular neuter of <vasutvaná> prosperity vásyasā-vasyasód - iterative compound; <vásyasā-vasyasā> with better and better + preverb; <út> up váhasi - verb; 2nd person singular active present of <√vah, váhati> conduct, bring vaḥ - personal pronoun; accusative/dative/genitive enclitic form of <yūyám> you (pl.) - conjunction; <vā> or vā́cam - noun; accusative singular feminine of <vā́c> voice, speech vā́jasātaye - noun; dative singular feminine of <vā́jasāti> lit. strength-winning vā́jām̐ - noun; accusative plural masculine of <vā́ja> power, strength vātu - verb; 3rd person singular active imperative of <√vā, vā́ti> blow vā́to - noun; nominative singular masculine of <vā́ta> wind vābhipitvé - conjunction; <vā> or + noun; locative singular neuter of <abhipitvá> homecoming + noun; locative singular neuter of <abhipitvá> homecoming vāmásya - noun; genitive singular neuter of <vāmá> dear, beloved thing vā́riyam - noun; accusative singular neuter of <vā́rya> choice (thing), precious gift - preverb; <ví> apart ví caṣṭe - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√cakṣ, cáṣṭe> see + preverb; <ví> apart ví jaghāna - verb; 3rd person singular active perfect of <√han, hánti> strike, destroy + preverb; <ví> apart ví naśyatu - verb; 3rd person singular active imperative of <√naś, náśyati> be lost + preverb; <ví> apart ví yemá - verb; 2nd person plural active perfect of <√yam, yáchati> extend, stretch out + preverb; <ví> apart viúṣi - noun; locative singular feminine of <vyúṣ> brightening vikṣú - noun; locative plural feminine of <víś> settlement, folk vicakṣaṇa - adjective; vocative singular masculine of <vicakṣaṇá> far-sighted, discerning vicakṣaṇáḥ - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <vicakṣaṇá> far-sighted, discerning vidat - verb; 3rd person singular active aorist injunctive of <√vid, vindáti> find vidáthe - noun; locative singular neuter of <vidátha> confident knowledge, wise judgement vidad - verb; 3rd person singular active aorist injunctive of <√vid, vindáti> find vídāno - participle; nominative singular masculine perfect middle participle of <√vid, véda> know vidúr - verb; 3rd person plural active perfect of <√vid, véda> know vidmá - verb; 1st person plural active perfect of <√vid, véda> know vidyútā - noun; instrumental singular feminine of <vidyút> lightning flash vindate - verb; 3rd person singular middle present of <√vid, vindáti> find vípro - noun; nominative singular masculine of <vípra> poet vivr̥ścát - verb; 3rd person singular active imperfect of <√vraśc, vr̥ścáti> cut up + preverb; <ví> apart víśvam - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <víśva> all viśvavedasa - noun; vocative plural masculine of <viśvávedas> all-knowing one viśvavedasaḥ - noun; vocative plural masculine of <viśvávedas> all-knowing one viśvavedaso - noun; vocative plural masculine of <viśvávedas> all-knowing one víśvasya - adjective; genitive singular masculine of <víśva> all víśvā - adjective; nominative plural neuter of <víśva> all víśvā - adjective; accusative plural feminine of <víśva> all víśvāni - adjective; accusative plural neuter of <víśva> all viśvā́hā - adverb; <viśvā́hā> always víśve - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <víśva> all víśvyā - indeclinable; <víśvyā> anywhere vīra - noun; vocative singular masculine of <vīrá> hero, man, strong son vīrā́n - noun; accusative plural nominative of <vīrá> hero, man, strong son vīríyaṃ - noun; accusative singular neuter of <vīryà> heroic deed, manly strength vīró - noun; nominative singular masculine of <vīrá> hero, man, strong son vr̥ṇīmáhe - verb; 1st person plural middle present of <√vr̥, vr̥ṇīté> choose, accept vr̥trám - noun; accusative singular masculine of <vr̥trá> hindrance, demon, Vritra véviṣataḥ - participle; genitive singular masculine present active intensive participle of <√viṣ, viveṣṭi> be active vaivasvatám - adjective; accusative singular masculine of <vaivasvatá> son of Vivasvat vaíśvānara - noun; vocative singular masculine of <vaiśvānará> for all men, universal vaiśvānarásya - noun; genitive singular masculine of <vaiśvānará> for all men, universal vaiśvānaráḥ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <vaiśvānará> for all men, universal vaiśvānaró - noun; nominative singular masculine of <vaiśvānará> for all men, universal vo - personal pronoun; accusative/dative/genitive enclitic form of <yūyám> you (pl.) vratám - noun; accusative singular neuter of <vratá> holy law, divine commandment vratā́ni - noun; accusative plural neuter of <vratá> holy law, divine commandment vrataír - noun; instrumental plural neuter of <vratá> holy law, divine commandment ṣmā - particle; <sma, smā> indeed ṣyá - demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <syás, syā́, tyát> that - demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular masculine of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it śakune - noun; vocative singular masculine of <śakúni> (a kind of bird) śakunte - noun; vocative singular masculine of <śakúnti> (a kind of bird) sákhāyaḥ - noun; nominative plural masculine of <sákhi> friend sacantām - verb; 3rd person plural middle imperative of <√sac, sácate> accompany sácām̐ - adverb; <sácā> at the same time sajātíyaṃ - noun; nominative singular neuter of <sajātyà> kinship sajóṣasaḥ - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <sajóṣas> accordant satyám - adjective; nominative singular neuter of <satyá> true sadā́vr̥dhā - adjective; nominative singular feminine of <sadā́vr̥dha> ever-beneficent śáṃtāti - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <śáṃtāti> blessed saṃdŕ̥śi - noun; locative singular feminine of <saṃdŕ̥ś> sight śám - indeclinable; <śám> blessing, blessed sám gamema - noun; 1st person plural active aorist optative of <√gam, gáchati> go + preverb; <sám> together sám gamemahi - verb; 1st person plural middle aorist optative of <√gam, gáchati> go + preverb; <sám> together sámanyavo - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <sámanyu> of the same mind samudrám - noun; accusative singular masculine of <samudrá> gathering place of waters, sea sárātayaḥ - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <sárāti> giving together sárātayo - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <sárāti> giving together śárum - noun; accusative singular feminine of <śáru> arrow sárgataktaḥ - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <sárgatakta> (lit.) outpouring-rushed śárdho - noun; accusative singular neuter of <śárdhas> troop śárma - noun; accusative singular neuter of <śárman> refuge, shelter sárva - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <sárva> whole, all savitā́ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <savitŕ̥> enlivener, Savitar savitā́bhí - noun; nominative singular masculine of <savitŕ̥> enlivener, Savitar + preverb; <abhí> towards savitúr - noun; genitive singular masculine of <savitŕ̥> enlivener, Savitar sávīmani - noun; locative singular neuter of <sávīman> bringing to life śaśvadhā́ - adverb; <śaśvadhā́> evermore sáhasā - noun; instrumental singular neuter of <sáhas> might śáṃ - indeclinable; <śám> blessing, blessed saṃsthá - preposition; <saṃsthé> in amongst sā́ - demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular feminine of <sás, sā́, tát> that; he, she, it sākáṃ - preposition; <sākám> together síndhum - noun; accusative singular masculine/feminine of <síndhu> river síndhuḥ - noun; nominative singular masculine/feminine of <síndhu> river siyāma - verb; 1st person plural active optative of <√as, ásti> be - particle; <sú> well, surely suastí - noun; instrumental singular feminine of <svastí> wellbeing sugébhir - adjective; instrumental plural neuter of <sugá> good passage sucákṣasaḥ - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <sucákṣas> well-sighted sudānavaḥ - adjective; vocative plural masculine of <sudā́nu> generous, liberal suparṇó - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <suparṇá> finely-plumed supāṇís - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <supāṇí> lovely-handed supraṇītayo - adjective; vocative plural masculine of <supráṇīti> guiding safely supráṇītī - noun; instrumental singular feminine of <supráṇīti> safe guidance sumaṅgálaś - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <sumaṅgála> auspicious, bringing luck sumaṅgálo - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <sumaṅgála> auspicious, bringing luck sumataú - noun; locative singular feminine of <sumatí> good thought, favour sumánasaḥ - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <sumánas> good-minded, well-disposed sumnám - noun; accusative singular neuter <sumná> favour, boon sumnā́ya - noun; dative singular neuter of <sumná> favour, boon súvar - noun; accusative singular neuter of <svàr> sunlight, heaven suvitā́ya - noun; dative singular neuter of <suvitá> well-being suvī́rāḥ - adjective; nominative plural masculine of <suvī́ra> of good manhood suṣṭutí - noun; nominative singular feminine of <suṣṭutí> fine hymn of praise susaraṇáṃ - noun; accusative singular neuter of <susaraṇá> good passage suśaraṇā́ya - noun; dative singular masculine of <suśaraṇá> good shelterer, good protector suśármabhiḥ - adjective; instrumental plural masculine of <suśárman> of good shelter, tutelary suhávo - adjective; nominative singular masculine of <suháva> easily invoked sū́ - particle; <sú> well, surely sūnárī - noun; nominative singular feminine of <sūnárī> fair lady sūnávaḥ - noun; nominative plural masculine of <sūnú> son sūnúḥ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <sūnú> son sūnū́m̐r - noun; accusative plural masculine of <sūnú> son sūnŕ̥tāvatī - adjective; nominative singular feminine of <sūnŕ̥tāvant> possessing joy, joyous śū́ne - noun; locative singular neuter of <śū́na> lack, want sūríbhiḥ - noun; instrumental plural masculine of <sūrí> prince sūríbhyo - noun; dative plural masculine of <sūrí> prince sūriya - noun; vocative singular masculine of <sū́rya> sun sū́riyasya - noun; genitive singular masculine of <sū́rya> sun sū́riyaḥ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <sū́rya> sun sū́riyeṇa - noun; instrumental singular masculine of <sū́rya> sun sūrya - noun; vocative singular masculine of <sū́rya> sun sū́rya - noun; locative singular masculine of <sū́rya> sun sū́ryaṃ - noun; accusative singular masculine of <sū́rya> sun śr̥ṇvantu - verb; 3rd person plural active imperative of <√śru, śr̥ṇóti> hear somiyā́ya - adjective; dative singular neuter of <somyá> inspired saúbhagāni - noun; accusative plural neuter of <saúbhaga> gift of fortune stanáyantaṃ - participle; accusative singular masculine present active causative participle of <√stan> thunder stuṣa - verb; 1st person singular middle present of <√stu, stuṣé> praise stená - noun; nominative singular masculine of <stená> thief stómaḥ - noun; nominative singular masculine of <stóma> eulogy stómo - noun; nominative singular masculine of <stóma> eulogy sthātúr - noun; genitive singular neuter of <sthātŕ̥> stander, standing world spārháṃ - adjective; accusative singular neuter of <spārhá> desirable smát - preposition; <smát> together with syā́ - demonstrative pronoun; nominative singular feminine of <syás, syā́, tyát> that syā́ma - verb; 1st person plural active optative of <√as, ásti> be śyená - noun; nominative singular masculine of <śyená> eagle śrávaḥ - noun; accusative singular neuter of <śrávas> fame srídham - noun; accusative singular feminine of <srídh> failure, misfortune srídhaḥ - noun; accusative plural feminine of <srídh> failure, misfortune śrútiyā́nu - noun; accusative plural neuter of <śrútya> deed worthy of fame + preverb; <ánu> after ślókaṃ - noun; accusative singular masculine of <ślóka> song of praise svadhā́ - noun; accusative plural feminine of <svadhā́> inherent power svadhāvaḥ - noun; vocative singular masculine of <svadhā́vant> possessing inherent power, self-powerful svā́ya - possessive pronoun; dative singular neuter of <svá> own svid - enclitic particle; <svit> pray? harikeśa - adjective; vocative singular masculine of <hárikeśa> gold-tressed havate - verb; 3rd person singular middle of <√hū, hávate> invoke, call upon hávaṃ - noun; accusative singular masculine of <háva> call - particle; <hí> for, because himā́ - noun; instrumental singular masculine of <himá> cold, frost huvema - verb; 1st person plural active optative of <√hū, hávate> invoke, call upon hótā - noun; nominative singular masculine of <hótr̥> celebrant

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