Tocharian Online

Tocharian A: Master Glossary

This Master Glossary page lists, in an alphabetical order suitable to the language and the script employed for it, every unique word form that appears in lesson texts and, for each word, its unique glosses. In addition to the gloss information, sans contextual translation, links are provided to every appearance, in every numbered lesson, of the word/gloss in question. With this index one may perform a quick "word look-up" and, in addition, study how words are used in context by clicking on their links.


akäṃtsune-pät-kälpāluneṣi - noun 3 2; alternating of <akäṃtsune> possession + adverb; <pät> over, beyond (?) + gerundive 2 abstract adjective 1; masculine singular nominative of <kälp> attain akälyme - postposition with genitive; <akälyme> under the control of amok - noun 3 2; alternating singular nominative of <amok> art, skill amok - noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <amok> art, skill amokäṣ - noun 3 2; alternating singular ablative of <amok> art, skill amokäts - substantive adjective 1; masculine singular nominative of <amokäts> artist, artisan amokṣiṃ - adjective 1 1; masculine singular oblique of <amokṣi> artistic amoktsāp - substantive adjective 1; masculine singular genitive of <amokäts> artist, artisan ats - particle; <ats> (emphasizing particle), even, indeed ākläṣlyes - substantive adjective 1; masculine plural oblique of <ākälṣäl> (one) to be taught, student ārkiśoṣis - noun 3 2; alternating singular genitive of <ārkiśoṣi> world ārkiśoṣyaṃ - noun 3 2; alternating singular locative of <ārkiśoṣi> world ārlā - noun; singular perlative of <āral> end (?) ārwar - adverb; <ārwar> ready ārṣlāsyo - noun 6 3; feminine plural instrumental of <ārṣal> serpent ālak - adjective; masculine singular nominative of <ālak> other ālāsāp - adjective; masculine singular genitive of <ālās> slothful ālāsune - noun 3 2; alternating singular nominative of <ālāsune> sloth ālāsuneyis - noun 3 2; alternating singular genitive of <ālāsune> sloth āṣānik - adjective II 3; masculine singular nominative <āṣānik> worthy (of praise) āsuk - preverb; <āsuk> over iṣanäs - noun 5; masculine plural oblique of <yṣaṃ> ditch, moat ekrorñe - noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <ekrorñe> poverty eṃtsu - verb base preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <ents-> seize empeles - adjective 2 4; masculine plural oblique of <empele> awful el - noun 3 1; alternating singular oblique of <el> gift okät-tmāṃ - cardinal numeral; indeclinable <okät> eight + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand okät-wälts - cardinal numeral; indeclinable <okät> eight + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand okät-wälts-puklyi - cardinal numeral; indeclinable <okät> eight + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand + adjective I; masculine singular nominative <-puklyi> yearly, pertaining to the year oki - enclitic particle; <oki> like, as oplā - noun 6 3; feminine singular perlative of <oppal> lotus oplāsyo - noun 6 3; feminine plural instrumental of <oppal> lotus opläṣ - noun 6 3; feminine singular ablative of <oppal> lotus omskeṃsac - adjective 1; masculine plural allative of <omäskeṃ> evil ortāsā - noun 6 3; masculine plural perlative of <ort> friend (?) ortune - noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <ortune> friendship olyiyaṃ - noun; feminine singular locative of <olyi> ship oṣeñi - adverb; <oṣeñi> by night Kanakamuni - noun; masculine singular nominative <Kanakamuni> Kanakamuni, name of a Buddha kappāñ - noun 6 3; plural oblique of <kappāñ> (pl.) cotton plant (?) kayurṣṣ - noun 6 3; masculine singular nominative of <kayurṣ> bull kalkaṣ - verb suppletive subjunctive 5; 3 singular active of <kälk-> go kalpavṛkṣäntu - noun 3 2; alternating plural nominative of <kalpavṛkäṣ> "wish-tree" kalpavṛkṣäntwaṃ - noun 3 2; alternating plural locative of <kalpavṛkäṣ> "wish-tree" kākropuṃt - verb preterite participle; feminine plural oblique of <krop-> gather kācke - noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <kācke> joy kāripac - noun 3; alternating singular allative of <kāryap> harm kāruṇik - substantive adjective II 3; masculine singular nominative <kāruṇik> compassionate, merciful kārnmāṃ - verb present participle mediopassive; masculine singular nominative of <kārp-> step down to, descend kārp - verb base preterite 1; 3 singular active of <kārp-> step down to, descend Kāśyap - noun; masculine singular nominative <Kāśyap> Kasyap, name of a Buddha kāsu - adverb; masculine nominative singular <kāsu> good kāsu - adjective 3; masculine singular nominative of <kāsu> good kāsu - adverb; masculine singular nominative of <kāsu> good kätkāläṃ - verb base gerundive 2; masculine singular oblique of <kätk-> go beyond, exceed kätkoräṣ - verb absolutive; masculine singular ablative of <kätk-> go beyond, exceed kärṣneñc - verb present 6; 3 plural active of <kärṣt-> cut off kälk - verb suppletive preterite I; 3 singular active <i-> go kälk - verb suppletive preterite 1; 3 singular active of <kälk-> go kälko - preterite participle; masculine singular nominative <i-> go kälkoräṣ - verb suppletive absolutive; masculine singular ablative of <kälk-> go kälpāt - verb preterite I; 3 singular mediopassive <kälp-> acquire, attain kälpāt - verb base preterite 1; 3 singular mediopassive of <kälp-> attain kälpitär - verb base subjunctive 5; 3 singular mediopassive optative of <kälp-> attain kälpnāträ - verb base present 6; 3 singular mediopassive of <kälp-> attain kälpnāntär - verb base present 6; 3 plural mediopassive of <kälp-> attain kälpnāl - verb base gerundive 1; masculine singular nominative of <kälp-> attain kälyme kälyme - noun 1 2 /3.2; mf sg obl of <kälyme> direction, path, path to heaven kälymentwaṃ - noun 1 2 /3.2; mf pl loc of <kälyme> direction, path, path to heaven kälymeyā - noun 1 2 /3.2; mf sg perl of <kälyme> direction, path, path to heaven käṣṣi - noun; masculine singular nominative <käṣṣi> teacher käṣṣiśśi - noun 6 1; masculine plural genitive of <käṣṣi> teacher kunseñc - verb present 10; 3 plural active of <käm-> come kuprene - conjunction; <kuprene> when, if Kuma - noun; singular locative of <kuma...> ... (name of a type of metrical verse) kuryar - noun; singular nominative of <kuryar> commerce kursärwā - noun 1 2; alternating plural oblique of <kursär> mile, vehicle kusne - relative pronoun; masculine singular nominative of <kusne> which kosne - conjunction; <kosne> as, as much (as), as often (as) kospreṃ kospreṃ - interrogative adverb; <kospreṃ> how much?, how far? koṃsā - noun 5 3; masculine plural perlative of <koṃ> day, sun kcäk - verb base preterite 1; 3 singular active of <kätk-> go beyond, exceed kñukac - noun; singular allative of <kñuk> neck ktäṅkeñc - verb base present 6; 3 plural active of <kätk-> go beyond, exceed knāṃnmāṃ - present participle; masculine nominative singular mediopassive <knā-> know kyalte - conjunction; <kuyalte> because, for Krakasundi - noun; masculine singular nominative <Krakasundi> Krakasundi, name of a Buddha kraṃś - adjective 3; masculine plural nominative of <kāsu> good kropal - verb gerundive 2; masculine singular nominative of <krop-> gather kropitär - verb subjunctive 5; 3 singular mediopassive optative of <krop-> gather kroptär - verb present 2; 3 singular mediopassive of <krop-> gather kropmāṃ - verb present 2 participle mediopassive; feminine plural nominative of <krop-> gather kropluneyā - verb abstract; singular perlative of <krop-> gather klu - noun; singular oblique of <klu> rice klu - noun; singular nominative of <klu> rice kluṃtsäsyo - noun; plural instrumental of <kluṃts> thread ksaluneyaṃ - verb abstract; masculine singular locative <käs-> expire, die cami - demonstrative pronoun; masculine singular genitive of <säm, sām, täm> the; he, she, it, they cindāmaṇi - noun; alternating singular oblique of <cintāmaṇi> 'wish-jewel' (a type of precious stone) cwal - noun; singular oblique of <cwal> beginning (?) Jambudvipac - noun; masculine singular allative of <Jambudvip> Jambudvipa Jambudvipis - noun; masculine singular genitive of <Jambudvip> Jambudvipa ñātse - noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <ñātse> hardship, danger ñäkcy - adjective 1; masculine singular oblique of <ñäkci> godly, heavenly ñäktaśśi - noun 5 1; masculine/feminine plural genitive of <ñkät> god ñi - pronoun; masculine singular genitive of <näṣ, ñuk> I ñemintuyo - noun 3 2; alternating plural instrumental of <ñemi> jewel ñemiṣiṃ - adjective 1 1; masculine singular oblique of <ñemiṣi> related to jewels, of jewels ñomā - noun III 2; alternating singular perlative <ñom> name ñom-klyu - noun 3 2; <ñom> name + noun 6 3; masculine singular nominative of <klyu> fame tatmu - verb preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <täm-> beget, produce tampewātsesac - adjective 1; masculine plural allative of <tampewāts> powerful taṃne - adverb; <taṃne> so tākam - verb suppletive preterite 1; 3 singular active of <tāk-> be + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them tākaräm - verb suppletive preterite 1; 3 plural active of <tāk-> be + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them tālune - verb abstract; alternating singular nominative of <tā-> set, lay tāṣäl - verb gerundive 1; masculine singular nominative of <tā-> set, lay tāṣiträ - verb subjunctive 2; 3 singular mediopassive optative of <tā-> set, lay täprenäk täprenäk - adverb; <täpreṃ> so (much) + emphatic particle; <-k> (emphatic particle), indeed, even täpreṃ - adverb; <täpreṃ> so (much) täm - demonstrative adverb; neuter singular oblique of <säm, sām, täm> the; he, she, it, they tämne - adverb; <tämne> so, thus tämyo - adverb; <tämyo> by this, from this, therefore toriṃ - adverb; <toriṃ> finally tosäs - demonstrative pronoun; feminine plural oblique of <säs, sās, täṣ> this, this here tkanac - noun 5 3; feminine singular allative of <tkaṃ> earth tkanā - noun 5 3; feminine singular perlative of <tkaṃ> earth tmāṃ - cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand tmāṃ-ñu-wälts-puklyi - cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand + cardinal numeral; indeclinable <ñu> nine + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand + adjective I; masculine singular nominative <-puklyi> yearly, pertaining to the year tmāṃ-tri-wälts-puklyi - cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand + cardinal numeral; masculine/feminine <tre, tri> three + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand + adjective I; masculine singular nominative <-puklyi> yearly, pertaining to the year tmāṃ-puklyi - cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand + adjective I; masculine singular nominative <-puklyi> yearly, pertaining to the year tmāṃ-ṣäk-wälts-puklyi - cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand + cardinal numeral; indeclinable <ṣäk> six + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand + adjective I; masculine singular nominative <-puklyi> yearly, pertaining to the year tmäṣ - adverb; <tmäṣ> thereupon, then träṅkäṣ - verb suppletive base present 1; 3 singular active of <träṅk-> say trit - numeral; masculine singular nominative of <trit> third tri-tmāṃ - cardinal numeral; masculine/feminine <tre, tri> three + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand traidʰātuk - noun; masculine singular oblique of <traidʰātuk> the world composed of three spheres (desire, beauty, non-beauty) dvipaṃ - noun 3 2; alternating singular locative of <dvip> island nakäntäm - verb preterite 3; 3 plural active of <näk-> perish, destroy + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them naktäm - verb preterite 3; 3 singular active of <näk-> perish, destroy + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them nam - noun; masculine singular oblique of <nam> bow, obeisance naṣ - verb suppletive base present 2; 3 singular active of <nas-> be nākās - noun 6 3; masculine plural oblique of <nāk> serpent nākäm - noun 3 1; alternating singular oblique of <nākäm> blame nāṃtsu - verb suppletive preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <nas-> be näknäṣträ - verb present 10; 3 singular mediopassive of <näk-> perish, destroy näkṣäl - verb gerundive 2; masculine singular nominative of <näk-> perish, destroy nämseñc - verb present 8; 3 plural active of <näm-> bow, bend näṃ - verb suppletive present 2; 3 singular active of <nas-> be + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them niṣpal - noun 3 2; alternating singular nominative of <niṣpal> domain, holdings niṣpal - noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <niṣpal> domain, holdings niṣpalis - noun 3 2; alternating singular genitive of <niṣpal> domain, holdings niṣpalntu - noun 3 2; alternating plural oblique of <niṣpal> domain, holdings niṣpalntu - noun 3 2; alternating plural nominative of <niṣpal> domain, holdings nu - conjunction; <nu> now, even, anyway nuṣ - verb causative present 8; 3 singular active of <nu-> roar ne - enclitic particle; <-ne> (indefinite marker), (relative marker) neṣ - adverb; <neṣ> earlier, prior neṣ - adjective indeclinable; <neṣ> earlier, prior neṣā - adverb; perlative of <neṣ> earlier, prior pat - postposed conjunction; <pat> or papyätkunt - verb causative preterite participle; feminine plural nominative of <pyutk-> make come into being, produce pāk - noun 3 2, 5 1; alternating singular oblique of <pāk> part pākasyo - noun 3 2, 5 1; masculine plural instrumental of <pāk> part pākär - adverb; <pākär> overtly, manifestly, visibly pāṣäntās - verb present participle active; masculine plural oblique of <pās-> guard pāṣäl - verb gerundive 1; masculine singular nominative of <pās-> guard pāsmāṃ - verb present participle mediopassive; masculine singular nominative of <pās-> guard päñ - numeral; <päñ> five päñ - numeral indeclinable; <päñ> five päñ-wäknā - numeral indeclinable; <päñ> five + noun 3 1; alternating singular perlative of <wkäṃ> manner, type päñ-wälts - cardinal numeral; indeclinable <päñ> five + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand pänt - numeral; masculine singular nominative of <pänt> fifth pärko - noun 3 2; masculine singular nominative of <pärko> advantage, rise pärkowäntu - noun 3 2; masculine plural nominative of <pärko> advantage, rise pälkäṣ - verb base present 1; 3 singular active of <pälk-> shine pälkoräṣ - verb suppletive abstract; alternating singular ablative of <pälk-> see pältwāyo - noun 1 2; alternating plural instrumental of <pält> blade, leaf pälskaṃ - noun; alternating singular locative of <pältsäk> thought, opinion puk - indeclinable adjective; <puk> all, every, whole puk - substantive adjective; masculine oblique singular <puk, pont-> all, every, whole pukaṃ - substantive adjective 3; masculine singular locative of <puk> all, every, whole pukäṣ - substantive adjective 3; masculine singular ablative of <puk> all, every, whole puklā - noun I 1; feminine plural oblique <pukäl> year puttiśparäṃ - noun; singular oblique <puttiśparäṃ> Buddha-lordship, -majesty, -dignity puttiśparäṃ - noun; singular oblique of <puttiśparäṃ> Buddha-dignity puttiśparṣinās - adjective I 1; feminine plural oblique <puttiśparṣi> relating to Buddha-lordship puttiśparṣināṃ - adjective I 1; feminine singular oblique <puttiśparṣi> relating to Buddha-lordship pe - conjunction; <pe> also penu - postposition conjunction; indeclinable <penu> also; even, in fact pokenā - noun 6 2; feminine paral perlative of <poke> arm poñcäṃ - substantive adjective 3; masculine singular oblique of <puk> all, every, whole potal - verb gerundive 2; masculine singular nominative of <pot-> flatter poto - noun; masculine singular oblique of <poto> flattery, obeisance por - noun 2 1; alternating singular nominative of <por> fire pkaśśäl - substantive adjective 3; masculine singular commitative of <puk> all, every, whole ptāñkät - noun V 1; masculine singular nominative <ptāñkät (pättāñkät)> Buddha(lord) pyutkāṣtär - verb causative subjunctive 10; 3 singular mediopassive of <pyutk-> make come into being, produce pyutkäṣṣ-äṃ - verb causative present 8; 3 singular active of <pyutk-> make come into being, produce + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them praṅkā - noun 5 1; masculine singular perlative of <praṅk> island pratipakṣ - noun; singular nominative of <pratipakäṣ (pratipakṣ)> barrier, opposing part; the opposite praṣtaṃ - noun; feminine singular locative of <praṣt> time praski - noun 3 2; masculine singular nominative of <praski> anxiety, dread pruccamo - adjective 4; masculine singular nominative of <pruccamo> excellent, superior psälaśśäl - noun; singular commitative of <psäl> chaff Baladvipaṃ - noun; alternating singular locative of <Baladvip> Baladvipa (name of an island) bodʰisattu - noun 6 3; masculine singular nominative of <bodʰisattu> bodhisattva, a saint who foregoes Nirvana to help others mar - prohibitory particle; <mar> no, not mā - adverb; <mā> no, not māk - adjective indeclinable; <māk> much mā=pärmāt - adverb; <mā> no, not + substantive adjective; singular oblique of <appärmāt> despicable māski - adverb; <māski> hard mäṃtne - conjunction; <mäṃtne (mätne)> as, so as, so as to mäṃtne āṣāṃ - conjunction; <mäṃtne (mätne)> as, so as, so as to + indeclinable adjective; <āṣāṃ> worthy mäskatär - verb present 3; 3 singular mediopassive of <mäsk-> be located, be mäskatr-äṃ - verb present 3; 3 singular mediopassive of <mäsk-> be located, be + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them mäskaṃtr-äṃ - verb present 3; 3 plural mediopassive of <mäsk-> be located, be + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them moknac - adjective; masculine singular allative of <mok> old mñe - noun; oblique of <mñe> certitude, assurance (?) mskantāsac - verb present 3 participle active; masculine plural allative of <mäsk-> be located, be yakṣāśśi - noun 6 3; masculine plural genitive of <yakäṣ> (type of) demon yaläṃ - verb suppletive base gerundive 1; masculine singular oblique of <yām-> make yatsi - verb suppletive base infinitive; <yām-> make yātal - verb base gerundive 2; masculine singular nominative of <yāt-> be able, be capable yātlune - verb base abstract; singular oblique of <yāt-> be able, be capable yātluneyo - verb base abstract; singular instrumental of <yāt-> be able, be capable yāmäl - verb suppletive base gerundive 2; masculine singular nominative of <yām-> make yāmiträ - verb suppletive base subjunctive 2; 3 singular mediopassive optative of <yām-> make yāmiṣ - verb suppletive base subjunctive 2; 3 singular active optative of <yām-> make yāmuräṣ - suppletive absolutive; masculine singular ablative of <yām> make yärk - noun 3 1; alternating singular oblique of <yärk> reverence yärkant - noun 3 1; alternating plural oblique of <yärk> reverence yärkā - noun 3 1; alternating singular perlative of <yärk> reverence yäṣ - verb present 1; 3 singular active of <i-> go yäsluñcäs - substantive adjective 4; masculine plural oblique of <yäslu> enemy yäsluṣ - substantive adjective 4; masculine plural nominative of <yäslu> enemy yuknāl - verb base gerundive 1; masculine singular nominative of <yuk-> conquer, overcome yetweyntu - noun 3 2; feminine plural nominative of <yetwe> jewelry, decoration yeṣ - verb imperfect; 3 singular active of <i-> go yomnāṣ - verb subjunctive 6; 3 singular active of <yom-> attain ykoṃ - adverb; <ykoṃ> by day ynāñmune - noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <ynāñmune> esteem ypant - verb suppletive base present 3 participle active; masculine singular nominative of <yām-> make ypic - adjective indeclinable; <ypic> full, complete ypeyā - noun; alternating singular perlative of <ype> land ymāräk - adverb; <ymār> quickly ywārckā - postposition with locative; <ywārckā (ywārśkā)> between, among, in the middle of rarkuñcäs - verb causative preterite participle; masculine plural oblique of <räk-> cover oneself, be covered rarkusāṃ - verb causative preterite participle; feminine singular oblique of <räk-> cover oneself, be covered rākṣtsāśśi - noun 6 3; masculine plural genitive of <rākṣats> (type of) monster ritwo - verb base preterite 1 preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <ritw-> coalesce lame - noun; singular oblique of <lame> place, location lāñci - adjective 1; masculine singular oblique of <lāñci> kingly, of a king lānt - noun 7; masculine singular oblique of <wäl> king lāntäṣ - noun 7; masculine singular ablative of <wäl> king lāś - noun 7; masculine singular nominative of <wäl> king lo - adverb; <lo> away lmāluneyis - verb suppletive abstract; alternating singular genitive of <läm-> sit lmālunyaṃ - verb suppletive abstract; alternating singular locative of <läm-> sit lyalyipuräṣ - absolutive; masculine singular ablative <lip-> remain, be left over; (caus.) leave (over), give up/over, spare lyālyoryoṣoṣ - verb preterite participle; <lyā-> wipe away lyomaṃ - noun; singular locative of <lyom> mud lyśi - noun 5 3; masculine plural nominative of <lyäk> thief Vipaśyi - noun; masculine singular nominative <Vipaśyi> Vipasyin, name of a Buddha Viśvabʰū - noun; masculine singular nominative <Viśvabʰū> Visvabhu, name of a Buddha wawik - verb causative preterite 2; 3 singular active of <wik-> decrease wawuräṣ - verb suppletive absolutive; masculine singular ablative of <wäs-> give waṣt - noun 1 2; alternating singular oblique of <waṣt> house waṣtaṃ - noun 1 2; alternating singular locative of <waṣt> house waṣlaṃ - verb subjunctive 2 gerundive 2; feminine plural nominative of <wäs-> clothe waste - noun; masculine singular nominative of <waste> protection wāwleṣu - verb preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <wles-> perform wät - numeral; masculine singular nominative of <wät> second wär - noun 3 2; alternating singular nominative of <wär> water wärpitär - verb subjunctive 5; 3 singular mediopassive optative of <wärp-> enjoy wärporäṣ - verb absolutive; masculine singular ablative of <wärp-> enjoy wärṣṣältse - adjective 1; masculine plural nominative of <wärṣṣälts> strong, energetic wälts - numeral 3 2; singular oblique of <wälts> thousand wunyo - numeral; masculine paral instrumental of <wu, we> two we-tmāṃ - cardinal numeral; masculine/feminine <wu, we> two + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand we-wälts - cardinal numeral; masculine/feminine <wu, we> two + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand wewñu - verb suppletive preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <weñ-> say wmār - noun 5 3; feminine singular oblique of <wmār> jewel, pearl wram - noun 2 1; alternating singular nominative of <wram> thing, matter wram - noun 2 1; alternating singular oblique of <wram> thing, matter wramm - noun 2 1; alternating singular oblique of <wram> thing, matter wrasaśśi - noun; masculine plural genitive of <wras(om)> (living) creature, man wrasaśśi - noun; masculine plural genitive <wrasom> living being, human, man wrasom - noun; masculine singular nominative of <wras(om)> (living) creature, man wrassäṣ - noun; masculine plural ablative of <wras(om)> (living) creature, man wraṃ - noun 3 2; alternating singular locative of <wär> water wlaluneyis - verb abstract; masculine singular genitive of <wäl-> die wleṣāt - verb preterite I; 3 singular mediopassive <wles-> accomplish, perform wleṣitär - verb subjunctive 2; 3 singular mediopassive optative of <wles-> perform wles - noun 3 1; alternating singular nominative of <wles> service, work, action wles - noun III 1; feminine singular oblique <wles> service, work, activity wlesant - noun 3 1; alternating plural oblique of <wles> service, work, action wlesant - noun III 1; feminine plural oblique <wles> service, work, activity wlesaṃtyo - noun 3 1; alternating plural instrumental of <wles> service, work, action wsālu - noun 1 2; alternating plural nominative of <wsāl> garment śamaṃtär - verb base present 4; 3 plural mediopassive of <tsäm-> grow śāwaṃ - suppletive adjective 1; feminine plural oblique of <śāwe> (pl. forms only) big śāwes - adjective 1; masculine plural oblique of <śāwe> (only plural) big śäk - numeral indeclinable; <śäk> ten Śikʰi - noun; masculine singular nominative <Śikʰi> Shikhin, name of a Buddha Śilpavāṃ - noun; masculine singular nominative of <Śilpavāṃ> Shilpavant (name of a prince) śu - preverb; <śu> over Śuriṣinaṃ - noun; singular locative of <Śuriṣin> (name of a type of metrical verse) śemäl - noun; masculine singular oblique of <śemäl> cattle, livestock śemäl - noun; masculine singular nominative of <śemäl> cattle, livestock śol - noun III 2; alternating singular oblique <śol> life śolaṃ - noun III 2; alternating singular locative <śol> life śkaṃ - enclitic particle; <śkaṃ> and, also śkā - adverb; indeclinable <śkā> still, yet, moreover śtärcäṃ - numeral; masculine singular oblique of <śtärt> fourth śtärt - numeral; masculine singular nominative of <śtärt> fourth śtwar-tmāṃ - cardinal numeral; masculine/feminine <śtwar> four + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand śtwar-pāk - numeral; masculine/feminine of <śtwar> four + noun 3 2, 5 1; alternating singular oblique of <pāk> part śtwar-wäknā - numeral; masculine/feminine of <śtwar> four + noun 3 1; alternating singular perlative of <wkäṃ> manner, type śtwar-wälts - cardinal numeral; masculine/feminine <śtwar> four + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand ślak - preposition; <śla> (together) with + emphatic particle; <-k> (emphatic particle), indeed, even śwātsi - verb infinitive; <śu-, śwā-> eat ṣakkats - adverb; <ṣakk> certainly + particle; <ats> (emphasizing particle), even, indeed Ṣāmnernaṃ - noun; singular locative of <ṣāmner> novice ṣäk - numeral indeclinable; <ṣäk> six ṣäk-tmāṃ - cardinal numeral; indeclinable <ṣäk> six + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand ṣäk-wälts - cardinal numeral; indeclinable <ṣäk> six + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand ṣäk-wälts-puklyi - cardinal numeral; indeclinable <ṣäk> six + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <wälts> thousand + adjective I; masculine singular nominative <-puklyi> yearly, pertaining to the year ṣeñc-äṃ - verb suppletive imperfect; 3 singular active of <ṣ-> be + pronoun suffix; <-m, -äm> (pronominal suffix for 1st, 2nd, 3rd persons pl.) us, you, them ṣeṣ - verb imperfect; 3 singular active <nas-> be ṣeṣ - verb suppletive imperfect; 3 singular active of <ṣ-> be ṣom - numeral; masculine singular oblique of <sas, säṃ> one ṣkäṣt - numeral; masculine singular nominative of <ṣkäṣt> sixth ṣñaṣṣeñ - noun 6 4; masculine plural nominative of <ṣñaṣṣe> relation, relative ṣñaṣṣesaṃ - noun 6 4; masculine plural locative of <ṣñaṣṣe> relation, relative ṣñaṣṣesā - noun 6 4; masculine plural perlative of <ṣñaṣṣe> relation, relative ṣñi - reflexive pronoun; singular genitive of <ṣñi> (genitive only, reflexive for all numbers and persons) my, your, their, his (own), her (own), its (own) ṣpät - numeral indeclinable; <ṣpät> seven ṣpät-tmāṃ - cardinal numeral; indeclinable <ṣpät> seven + cardinal numeral; feminine indeclinable <tmāṃ> ten thousand sam - adjective with commitative; masculine singular nominative of <sam> same (as) Sarvārtʰasiddʰe - noun; masculine singular nominative of <Sarvārtʰasiddʰe> Sarvathasiddhe, name of a Bodhisattva sas - numeral; masculine singular nominative of <sas, säṃ> one saṃ - indefinite pronoun; masculine singular nominative of <saṃ> some, any saṃsār - noun; masculine singular oblique of <saṃsār> cycle of birth saṃsāris - noun; masculine singular genitive of <saṃsār> cycle of birth Sāgares - noun; masculine singular genitive of <Sāgare> Sagara (name of a king) Sāgareṃ - noun; masculine singular oblique of <Sāgare> Sagara (name of a king) sāmuddrä - noun 3 2; alternating singular oblique of <sāmudtär> ocean sāmudraṃ - noun 3 2; alternating singular locative of <sāmudtär> ocean sārtʰ - noun; masculine singular oblique of <sārtʰ> caravan, campaign, troop sāspärtwu - verb base preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <spārtw-> turn (intrans.), be located sätkatär - verb base present 3; 3 singular mediopassive of <sätk-> spread säm - demonstrative pronoun; masculine singular nominative of <säm, sām, täm> the; he, she, it, they säm - demonstrative pronoun; masculine singular nominative <säm, sām, täm> the; he, she, it särki - adverb; <särki> thereupon, later sälpmāṃ - verb base present 1 participle mediopassive; masculine singular nominative of <sälp-> glow Siddʰārtʰes - noun; masculine singular genitive of <Siddʰārtʰe> Siddhartha, name of the father of the Bodhisattva Sarvarthasiddha se - noun 6 3; masculine singular nominative of <se> son sopis - noun 6 1; plural oblique of <sopi> net skam - adverb; <skam> always sne - preposition; <sne> without sne-psäl - preposition; <sne> without + noun; singular oblique of <psäl> chaff sne-wāwleṣu - preposition; <sne> without + preterite participle; masculine singular nominative of <wles> perform spānte - adverb; <spānte> confidently speṣinäs - adjective 1 1; masculine plural oblique of <speṣi> rock-crystalline, of rock crystal tsmār - noun 1 2; alternating singular nominative of <tsmār> root tsmāṣlune - verb causative subjunctive 10 abstract; alternating singular nominative of <tsäm-> grow tsraṣiñ - substantive 6 1; masculine plural nominative of <tsraṣi> energetic tsraṣiśśi - substantive 6 1; masculine plural genitive of <tsraṣi> energetic tsraṣisac - substantive 6 1; masculine plural allative of <tsraṣi> energetic tsraṣṣune - noun 3 2; alternating singular nominative of <tsraṣṣune> energy tsraṣṣuneyā - noun 3 2; alternating singular perlative of <tsraṣṣune> energy tsraṣṣuneyo - noun 3 2; alternating singular instrumental of <tsraṣṣune> energy tsru-yärm - adjective indeclinable; <tsru> few, small + noun; singular oblique of <yärm> measure