Indo-European Lexicon

Gaelic Reflex Index

Below we list 46 unique Gaelic reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Old Irish or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

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Gaelic reflex index
Reflex Etyma
abhal ā̆bel-
airc areq-
asal ers-
balc 5. bhel-
ban-sīth gē̆nā , sed-
barra 3. bher-
bata bheid-
beabhar 5. bher-
bean-sīth gē̆nā , sed-
bean gē̆nā
bil bhei(ə)-
bonn bhudh-m(e)n
bord bheredh-
bost 2. b(e)u-
bréith 1. bher-
buinn bhudh-m(e)n
buth bheu-
caireall au-lo-s
cairt 3. ger-
caise ku̯at(h)-
cartach 3. ger-
carull au-lo-s
car 4. g̑her-
cnaip gen-
cnap gen-
cnō 1. ken-
cnū 1. ken-
crac 2. ger-
creathail 3. ger-
cromleachd 2. lēu-
cromlenc 2. lēu-
cuir 4. g̑her-
dail 1. dhel-
donn 4. dheu-
dorch 1. dher-
ēisg peisk-
feith 1. bheidh-
garan 2. ger-
iasg peisk-
leachd 2. lēu-
lenc 2. lēu-
mutach mut-o-s
sīth sed-
sluagh-ghairm g̑ā̆r-
ubhall ā̆bel-
ubh ō(u̯)i̯-om

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